السلسلة الصوفية البريلويه
BARELWI SUFI ORDER
The Sufi orders in Islam have always been known as the true representatives of Islamic ideals. Many Sufi orders ( سَلَاسِلْ التَّصَوُّفُ ) have emerged during the history of Islam, each representing the exemplary Islamic ideals reflected through the eyes of the respective Shaikh under whose name the order became popular. Humbleness, compassion and servitude of Shuyookh of Ihsan has had a massive impact on the formation of exemplary moralistic values of Muslims in different parts of the world. The key ideal that has drawn the masses into these Salasil is the openness, fairness, tolerance with which the people have been treated. Anti-cultist and anti-establishment aura has been the hall mark of these Salasil.
Some of the most famous orders ( سَلَاسِلْ ) that have survived for more than a thousand years are Qadri, Chishtee, Naqshbandi, Suharwardi, Shazli, etc.
There are some new Sufi orders that have emerged in the recent past, like Barelwi, Darqawi, Shattari, Haddadi, etc., which are actually the branches of the old Sufi orders.
Some people complain that the aura which was the identity of Sufi orders in the past is fast fading away as the present day representatives of these orders lack openness and tolerance and have drifted towards cultism. Their aggressive attitude and infighting is giving a bad name to Sufi Salasil.
Among the present day Sufi orders, Barelwis are pre-dominent in Indian sub continent and some other countries of the world. We have discussed briefly about this Sufi order in this Article. References from authentic sources have been cited all through the article. As usual we have refrained from giving our personal opinions as far as possible.
The aim of this article is to help people realize the areas of improvement. We hope our readers will benefit from our efforts.
BARELWI SUFI ORDER
Barelwi Sufi Order is associated with Shaikh Ahmed Ridha Khan (1856-1921) who is regarded as Mujaddid and Imam by Barelwis. They address him as Aala Hadhrat.
Aala Hadhrat Ahmed Raza Khan ( رحمت الله عليه ) was a Rohilla Pushtun from Barech tribe. He was born on June 14, 1856, in Bareli, Rohilkhand, Uttar Pradesh, India. His ancestors had migrated to India from Qandahar, Afghanistan and settled in Lahore during Mughal period. His father's name was Naqi Ali Khan who taught him in his childhood. He started learning alphabets when he was about 5 years old. However, it is reported that he gained proficiency in 32 subjects by the time he reached puberty at the age of 13 years and 10 months under home tutelage of his father and some other teachers in Bareli. It is claimed that he learnt the following subjects from his father.
(i) Tafseer of Quran, (ii) Tafseer of Ahadith, (iii) Usool-e-Ahadith, (iv) Islamic Jurisprudence, (four schools of thought), (v) Principles of Jurisprudence, (vi) Dialectics, (vii) Quranic commentary, (viii) Princeples of belief, (ix) Principles of debate, (x) Arabic Syntax, (xi) Principles of Rhetoric, (xii) Science dealing with Rhetoric, (xiii) Language Usage and metaphors, (xiv) Logic, (xv) Debates, (xvi) Philosophy and politics, (xvii) Rhetoric devices, (xviii) Physics, (xix) Mathematics, and (xx) Physical Engineering.
It is claimed that he learnt the following subjects from other teachers by the time he was 13 years old.
(i) Quranic recitation, (ii) Correct recitation with Tajweed, (iii) Mysticism, (iv) Mystical Initiation, (v) Islamic Ethics, (vi) Names of narrators of Ahadith, (vii) Biography of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (viii) Islamic History, (ix) In depth study of Arabic, and (x) Literature. Read more.
It is also claimed that he attained mastery in the following additional subjects by reading books on his own.
(i) Arithmetic, (ii) Algebra, (iii) Twelve branches of Mathematics, (iv) Modern Astronomy, (v) Science of Inheritance, (vi) Science of prosody, (vii) Astrology, (viii) Science of History, (ix) Prose in Hindi, (x) Prose in Persian, (xi) In depth study of Arabic, and (xii) In depth study of Plain Persian writing.
In all, it is claimed that Aala Hadhrat had mastery in more than 50 subjects. Read more.
He got married when he was 18 years old and had 7 children; 2 sons and 5 daughters. He took baya at the age of 22 on the hand of Shaikh Aale Rasool Ahmadi Al-Husani Qadri of Mahrera, Uttar Pradesh, India. The Shaikh gave him Baya, Khilafa and Ijaza; all at the same time. It is reported that the Shaikh told - 'Ahmed Raza neither requires spiritual training nor he should recite any Waza'if or go through the rigors of Sulook and Mujahida required before awarding Khilafah and Ijaza.' It is also reported that Shaikh gave him his books for review and correction.Once a person asked him about Qiyamah and appearance of Imam Mahdi ( عليه السلام ). Aala Hadhrat replied "through a certain type of knowledge, I feel that Imam Mahdi ( عليه السلام ) will appear in 2464 (1900 AH). "The person asked how did he know about it? He replied, "I knew it through Ilm-e-Jafar (Science of prediction/foretelling). There are differences of opinions among scholars on Ilm-e-Jafar. Read more.Aala Hadhrat declared that Earth is a flat disc and stationary, around which the sun rotated. He wrote a book in this context. However, his claim proved wrong as hundreds of astronauts, some of them Muslims, have rotated in spacecrafts around the spherical Planet Earth many a times. Read more.
It is reported that Aala Hadhrat wrote hundreds of books. His most famous works are (i) Kanzul Iman, Husamul Haramain, Fatawa Radhwiya, Hada'eq-e-Bakhsish, etc.
Aala Hadhrat died on October 21, 1921 (25 Safar, 1340 AH) and was buried in Bareli. His Mazar is located in Saudagran locality in Bareli. His Urs is celebrated in the month of Safar, every year.
Aala Hadhrat is one of the well known scholars and his services in defending Ahle Sunnah aqa'ed against the onslaught of Deobandi, Salafi and Ahmadiya sects are commendable.
It is reported that he wrote Fatawa against the founders of Deobandi, Wahhabi, Ahle Hadith and Ahmadiyya sects declaring them as out of Islam and obtained confirmatory signatures from many Ulema in India and Hijaz. These fatawas were compiled into a book titled Husamul Haramain. He also wrote fatawas against Shia beliefs and practices.
FOLLOWERS OF AALA HADHRAT
During the life time of Aala Hadhrat, no one called his followers as 'Barelwis'. They were known as Ahle Sunnah. It is reported that the name "Barelwis" was given to them by their rival Deobandi Sect in India. Initially Aala Hadhrat followers were amused to be called as Barelwis as they were Ahle Sunnah belonging to Qadri order. However, gradually they fell victim to this Deobandi trap and accepted Barelwi tag and started calling themselves as Barelwis. This kind of tagging was important for Deobandis to legitimize their sect in the eyes of Muslims. By branding Aala Hadhrat followers as Barelwis, Deobandis have successfully trapped them to look like a sect among Muslims. Now people are confused between Deobandis and Barelwis. In between these two tags, the identification of 'Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a' was effectively eclipsed in India.
Watch the following video clip of Mufti Ashraf ul Qadri, a Barelwi scholar, in this context.
In the beginning, Bralewis had influence in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh. By the passage of time, they developed into a movement and gradually spread all across Indian sub Continent. Barelwi movement produced some well known prolific orators who helped this movement spread not only in India, but in countries far off from the Indian shores.
Barelwis showed stiff resistance and were successful in holding the wave of Deobandism and Salafism from sweeping Indian Sub Continent. No doubt, their services are praise worthy.
THE PROBLEM WITH BARELWIS
As Barelwis grew in numbers, their successive scholars started undermining other Sufi Salasil. They started claiming that unless a person accepts Aala Hadhrat as his Shaikh, he will not be treated as Ahle Sunnah. They started public campaign against any Ahle Sunah scholar who did not agree with every single fatwa of Aala Hadhrat.
(i) Like a scholar who believes that taking pictures is allowed in Islam was targeted by Barelwi scholars. Read more.
(ii) Like a person who considers Earth as spherical and spinning on its axis was regarded as Gustaq-e-Aala Hadhrat because Aala Hadhrat declared Earth as flat disk and stationary.
It is in Quran - وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ ۖ كُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ [ It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon, all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its orbit with its own motion.] (Al-Anbiyaa - 33)
(iii) If a person considers Sama with musical instruments as valid, Barelwis treat him as out of Ahle Sunnah. Why, because Aala Hadhrat issued fatawas during his life time declaring Sama and usage of musical instruments as un-Islamic.
Barelwis forget the fact that Hadhrat Khaja Moinuddin Chishtee Gharib Nawaz ( رحمت الله عليه ) allowed Sama with musical instruments.
(iv) Aala Hadhrat claimed that Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was born on 8th Rabia I. He claimed it in his Fatawa Radhawiya, Volume 26, page # 412 and 415. As against this, the absolute majority of Ahle Sunnah Scholars in the world for the past 14 hundred years believe that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was born on 12th Rabia I. There are authentic proofs about it in Islamic literature.
The entire Ahle Sunnah in the World, as well as the Barelwi scholars and their followers do not accept this Fatwa and celebrate Milad un Nabi (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on 12 Rabia I, every year.
Some people say that Barelwis have reduced Islam into the Fatawa books of Aala Hadhrat. They do not consider Aala Hadhrat to be one of the scholars of Islam. Rather they consider the entire Islam is within Aala Hadhrat. They believe Islam is squeezed into the Fatawas written by Aala Hadhrat. Like if a person considers Hadhrat Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Sahabi-e-Rasool, he is treated as out of Ahle Sunnah because Aala Hadhrat declared Hadhrat Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Kafir and he wrote books declaring Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) as Kafir. Barelwis forget the fact that Shaykh ul Islam Sayyid Ahmad Zayni Dahlan (اَسنى المطالب في نجاة ابي طالب - The Purest Claims of the Salvation of Abu Talib - (Cairo: Muhammad Effendi Mustafa, 1886) that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) died as Muslim. Also Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehalwi (رحمت الله عليه) and many other Ahle Sunnah Ulema believed that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is the respectable father figure for Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and one among the greatest Sahabah.), Chief Mufti of Makka al Mukarrama, who is regarded as teacher of Aala Hadhrat, wrote in his book -اسنى المطالب في نجاة ابي طالب" Asna al-Matalib fi Najat Abi Talib - The Purest Claims of the Salvation of Abu Talib” (Cairo: Muhammad Effendi Mustafa, 1886) that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) died as Muslim. Also Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehalwi (رحمت الله عليه) and many other Ahle Sunnah Ulema believed that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is the respectable father figure for Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and one among the greatest Sahabah.
Differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah scholars is an accepted fact and has been tolerated through out the History of Islam. But Barelwis consider whatever Aala Hadhrat said is Islam and whatever he did not say is not Islam.
MASLAK-E-AALA HADHRAT ( مَسلكِ اعلحضرت )
Barelwis have devised a new terminology for Islam. They call it Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat (the way of Aala Hadhrat). They claim that if a person does not follow Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat, he is not from Ahle Sunnah.
For Barelwis, Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat is the new name for Islam. By deducing this new way (مسلك) they have practically closed all doors of Ijtihad in Islam. They claim whoever follows Aala Hadhrat Fatawas in toto is true Ahle Sunnah. Whoever differs with Aala Hadhrat even in an ancillary issue is not from Ahle sunnah.
Muslims all over the world say that the way of the Prophet of Islam ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), his Sahabah and all Aimma and Islamic dignitaries is true Islam. But, Barelwis claim the other way around. They say Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat is the Maslak of all Aimma, Sahabah and the Prophet of Islam ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). This kind of talk and claim is over imposition of a scholar over every one else, including Sahahba. By arguing the truthfulness of Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat in reverse direction they aim to centralize and portray Aala Hadhrat as a focal point, over and above everyone else, in the history of Islam. For them Aala Hadhrat is a central authentic figure as far as Islam is concerned.
It is reported that Mufti Akhtar Radha Khan, the great grandson of Aala Hadhrat, who is addressed as Taajush Sharia (the crown of Islamic Sharia) by his followers, claimed that "a person who has not taken the name of Aala Hadhrat in his life (does not know about Aala Hadhrat), but was on Sahih Aqeedah, belongs to Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat".
It is indeed a strange claim, never heard of, in the 1400 years history of Islam. Barelwis have brought in line all Sahabah, Awliya Allah, Imams and Shuyookh of Islam for the past 1400 years under Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat that comprises of Fatawas given by Aala Hadhrat during his life time. (Astaghfirullahal Azeem)
Look at this picture which is inscribed on the receipt book of a Barelwi Mosque in Bareli. They have placed the dome of Aala Hadhrat over and above Khana-e-Ka'aba and Green Dome of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).Look at this picture of Razvi network on Face book. They have placed the Dome of Aala Hadhrat in the center and placeed Khana-e-Ka'aba and Green Dome of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to the side.
A Barelwi enthusiast from UK has published this video on August 1, 2017 on his FB page calling the son of Aala Hadhrat as 'Bareilly ka Mustafa', while they are addressing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as Madina ka Mustafa.
Watch the Video Clip at 3.05. The speaker, while refuting the beliefs of Deobandis, is comparing Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with Mustafa Raza Khan Barelwi, saying Bareilly ka Mustafa and Madina ka Mustafa.
A Barelwi enthusiast, on his Facebook page, has placed the name of a Barelwi scholar in the shape of a crown in the center and placed small pictures in small circles of Awliya-e-Kubar, even the Green Dome of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Ka'aba around it.
A Barelwi mosque has published this picture on their donation receipt book showing the crown of Barelwi scholar Akhtar Radha Khan over the dome of Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (رضئ الله تعالى عنه )
Urdu translation of Ghousul Azam's (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) book titled 'Futuh al-Ghaib' was published by Radha Darul Isha'at, Bareli. On cover page of this book they published an artwork of the dome of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالى عنه), in which they removed the dome of Ghousul Azam (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) and replaced it with the dome of Aala Hadhrat.
Follower of a Barelwi Organization Dawat-e-Islami has published this picture on his FB page placing Dawat-e-Islami flags over the dome of Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qader Jilani (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) .
A famous Barelwi scholar claims that 'if Quran was sent in Urdu, it would have been in the shape of Kanzul Iman.'
Watch the following video clip at 3.22. While criticizing Wahhabi Government of Saudi Arabia for banning Aala Hadhrat books he says, 'if Quran was sent in Urdu, it would have been in the shape of Kanzul Iman.'
Kanzul Iman is the Urdu translation of Quran done by Aala Hadhrat. We Muslims belief Quran to be the word of God. The Urdu translation done by Aala Hadhrat is the word of a creature. Aala Hadrat has written in his words what he understood from Quran. How can you claim the word of God and word of a Creature are the same? Are Barelwis associating divinity (Uloohiyat) with Aala Hadhrat and claiming the word of Aala Hadhrat is the word of God? Is Aala Hadhrat treated as Godman by Barelwis? Astaghfirullahal Azeem.
A poster was reportedly published from Radhawi Committee in Rajkot, Gujarat on the occasion of the Urs of Aala Hadhrat with a new Barelwi Kalima - (لا إله إلا الله اعلىٰ حضرت ولي الله) 'La Ilaha Illallah, Aala Hadhrat Wali Allah'. The poster claimed superiority of Aala Hadhrat over Khwaja Moinuddin Chishtee, Baba Farid, Khwaja Nizamuddin and others (رحمة لله عليهم). The poster also claimed that if all these Awliya Allah would have lived during the time of Aala Hadhrat, they would have become his Murid and Ghulam. The poster further claimed Aala Hadhrat to be the greatest Mujaddid of all time in Islam the status of Aala Hadhrat is bigger than Sayyeds (the progeny of Prophet Mohammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
It looks Barelwis have crossed all limits in Scholar Worship. A Barelwi Mufti Nizamuddin Rizwi of Jamia Ashrafia, Mubarakpur, issued a Fatwa in 2013 in which he has undermined Imams of Fiqh and their Schools of thoughts, (Hanafi, Shafii, Maliki, Hanbali) in a very derogatory way to prove the greatness of Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat. He claimed that the focus of these four schools is related to miscellaneous issues in Islam and Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat deals with primary (اعتقادی) issues. Needless to say that this kind of outrageous attack on Imams of fiqh and their established schools of thought is a blatant blasphemy.
The picture shows the Fatwa of Mufti Nizamuddin which claims that if anyone differs with Aala Hadhrat in his Maslak, which is based on his Fatawas, He is (i) Kafir, (کافر), (ii) deviant (گمراہ) and (iii) propagator of deviancy (گمرہ گر). He has used these three terms in his Fatwa.
As per above Fatwa, all Ahle Sunnah who consider Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضي الله تعالى عنه) as one among Sahabah, are Kafirs because Aala Hadhrat wrote a book titled شرح المطالب في مبحث أبي طالب claiming that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضي الله تعالى عنه) is a Kafir. (Ma'azallah, Astaghfirullah).
Mufti Nizamuddin's Fatwa also implies that those who do not consider Earth as Flat and Stationary risk to be treated as Kafirs because Aala Hadhrat claimed Earth is a flat disk and stationery. Also those who consider Sama allowed in Islam with or without musical instruments, come under this fatwa to be treated as Kafirs because Aala Hadhrat declared Sama is Haram. So is the issue of pictures and hundreds of other issues in which Ahle Sunnah Ulema differ in their opinions.
There are thousands of Ahle Sunnah Ulema who have given fatawas against the opinion of Aala Hadhrat on hundreds of issues and according to above Fatwa, all are Kafirs. This includes prominent Imams, major Awliya Allah and famous dignitaries of Islam who are all Kafirs as per the Fatawas issues by Barelwi scholars. It looks Barelwis have effectively reduced themselves into a separate Sect in Islam by this kind of rhetoric.
Watch the following video clip in which a famous Barelwi scholar of Pakistan, Syed Muzaffar Shah claims that Barelwi tag is important to identify real Ahle Sunnah wal Jam'a. He also claims that only those who accept Aala Hadhrat interpretations (Tashreehaat) of Islam; meaning, who accept all Fatawas of Aala Hadhrat, are Ahle Sunnah. He reiterates that to accept Aala Hadhrat's interpretations (tashreehaat) of Islamic issues is the key to identify a person as Ahle Sunnah.
The question is, what about the opinions of hundreds of other Ahle Sunnah Ulema who differ with Aala Hadhrat in scores of issues. We have described above, Aala Hadhrat claimed Sama is Haram in Islam. If you accept this opinion, the other Ahle sunnah Ulema, Awliya Allah and other dignitaries of Islam, like Khaja Gharib Nawaz (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and many Sahabah, all become the people who practiced Haram repeatedly throughout their lives (Astaghfirullah). Read more.
Aala Hadhrat also claimed Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was a kafir (Ma'azallah, Astaghfirullah). And according to Aala Hadhrat, if a person considers a Kafir as Muslim, he also becomes Kafir. If you accept this interpretation, then Aala Hadhrat's teacher, Shaykh-ul-Islam, Ahmad Zayni Dahlan al-Makki ash-Shaf'i, (1816-1886) Chief Mufti of Makka al- Mukarramah (رحمت الله عليه), and Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehalwi (رحمت الله عليه) and many other dignitaries of Islam and Awliya Allah who believed that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was a Sahabi and father figure of the Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), all become Kafir. (Ma'azallah). Read more.
We don't understand what is going on with Barelwis? We hope sanity will come back to Barelwi scholars and their followers and they will see the facts of things and save themselves from slipping away from the right path of Islam.
Aala Hadhrat was a famous scholar of his time who followed Ahle Sunnah Aqaa'ed. Like any other prominent scholar, he had formed certain opinions based on his research and circumstances prevailing during his life time and it is not necessary that every Ahle Sunnah scholar agree with every statement made by him. There can be some genuine differences of opinions between him and other Ahle Sunnah scholars. Barelwis do not accept this logical reasoning. They claim that Aala Hadhrat was a Mujaddid and all his opinions are mandatory to be accepted by every Muslim in the world. Period.
Barelwis also claim the scholars/followers of other Sufi orders like Qadris, Chistees, Naqshbandis, Shazulis, etc., have no identity of their own. They all have to bow down to Aala Hadhrat as their super Shaikh and come under the umbrella of Barelwism. If a person does not agree, he is treated as out of Ahle Sunnah; rather out of Islam all together.
Why New Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat
Barelwis say that to show gratitude to Aala Hadhrat for his services they have devised this new term 'Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat. They argue that during the time of Aala Hadhrat there were new sects coming up and Aala Hadhrat fought bravely against these sects. They claim Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat is based on the interpretations of Islamic teachings by Aala Hadhrat which are based on Quran and Ahadith. Watch the following video clip.
The critics of Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat say that there are thousands of Imams, Shuyookh and Ulema in Islam who have worked hard during the times of tribulations and attacks on the basic faith of Islam. Take the examples of Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Mujaddid Alf Thaani, Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi ( رحمت الله عليه ) who worked hard during the times of tribulations and saved Muslims from massive fitnas. Their works are millions of times bigger than Aala Hadhrat. But their followers did not change the name of Islam as "Maslak-e-Ghousul Azam" or "Maslak-e-Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi". No one in Islamic History has reduced Islam into the Fatawa book of a single Scholar as Barelwis have done.
Why Barelwis insist on Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat
The critics say that there was no need for the followers of any scholar in Islam to create a new maslak in the name of their scholar because all of them followed Ahle Sunnah beliefs. Similarly, there was no need for Barelwis to device a new Maslak in the name of Aala Hadhrat. Their insistence on 'Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat' is a deviation from established Islamic practice of Ahle Sunnah for the past 1400 years. It is obvious that Barelwi scholars and their followers are using Aala Hadhrat's name to justify their sectarian and cultist behavior.
Aala Hadhrat would not have been happy if he had visualized that his successive scholars and their followers will idolize him and fall into the deep pit of sectarian cultism after his death.
There are a number of Barelwi Ulema who emphasize that followers of Aala Hadhrat should avoid calling themselves as Barelwis and also avoid the term Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat. When they brand themselves as Barelwis, it looks like they are a sect among Muslims. Aala Hadhrat was an Ahle Sunnah Scholar and he taught Ahle Sunnah Aqa'ed. Therefore, Barelwis should call themselves Ahle Sunnah. When they abandoned calling themselves as Ahle Sunnah, and in stead started calling themselves as Barelwi Ahle Sunnah, they effectively left the ground open, which was occupied by Deobandis and they started calling themselves as Deobandi Ahle Sunnah. The Barelwi tag has damaged the cause of Ahle Sunnah in the world and they are looked upon as a sect with strong cultist mindset. Watch the following video clip of Mufti Ashraf ul Qadri in this context.
BARELWI SUB GROUPS
There are many sub groups within Barelwis. All these sub groups claim to be true followers of Aala Hadhrat and authentic flag bearers of Barelwism. But they call each other as out of Ahle Sunah. Their infighting is relentless and unabated. It looks they are competing with each other for leadership within Barelwi order. Some prominent Barelwi sub groups are as follows.
Dawat-e-Islami, Pakistan, is perhaps the largest sub group among Barelwis. They claim to have presence in most of the countries of the world.
's contributions are notable and, no doubt, their overall efforts are praise worthy.
As is evident from their name, Dawat-e-Islami is primarily a Dawa Organization. People are sent as Dawa groups to towns and cities who stay there for a few days to a few weeks explaining people about Islam. They call it 'Madani Qafila'. Dawat-e-Islami is very successful in this approach and have grown to be the largest organization within Barelwis.
Dawat-e-Islami is headed by Mohammad Ilyas Attar Qadri who is referred to as Amir Ahle Sunnat and Imam by his followers. They call him "Bapa Jaan". Dawat-e-Islami followers are known as 'Attaris'.
It is claimed that they are running/supporting over two thousand schools in and outside Pakistan. They have a presence in India as well. In February 2016, they appointed Syed Arif Shah Attari, from Nasik, Maharashtra, India, as Head of their Operations in India.
Dawat-e-Islami maintains neutrality and soft approach towards deviant sects. They do not compare the beliefs of different sects to explain people what is the right path of Islam. There were protests all over the world during 2012-14 when Muslims showed anger on the planned destruction of the Green Dome of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) by Saudi Government. But Dawat-e-Islami kept themselves away from it. They remain tight lipped on the destruction of Islamic Heritage in Saudi Arabia and other middle eastern countries. They also keep quite about the atrocities on Muslims committed in Palestine and other countries of the world.
Watch the following video clip in which a Barelwi scholar is criticizing Dawat-e-Islami for not raising their voice against blasphemy of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).
Critics of Dawat-e-Islami say that Dawat-e-Islami is copying the practice of Tabhlighee Jama'at, a sub sect of Deobadis.
Green Turban - the Symbol of Dawat-e-Islami
Muslims are allowed to wear different cloths within the parameters of Islamic Sharia. Wearing turban is Sunnah. However, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) did not wear turban all the time. The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) did not impose restrictions on people's wear, except that the dress should meet the minimum Sharia requirements. There were specific/important times/occasions when the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) wore turban to signify the importance of the event. Like the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) wore black turban at the time of conquest of Makka. Following his Sunnah, Muslims wore turbans on important occasions. Turbans have been treated as a mark of respect all through the history of Islam which were worn by dignitaries and Shuyooks on important occasions.
It is observed that Dawat-e-Islami uses Green turban as an identification mark of their group. Every member of Dawat-e-Islami is required to wear a green turban. Critics of Dawat-e-Islamic say that if you want to follow sunnah, follow it the way the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) has practiced. You should not develop a Group identity and practice cultism in the name of following a Sunnah.
Watch the following video clip in which Idris Raza Khan, member of a rival Barelwi Group speaks about Dawat-e-Islami and Sunni Dawat-e-Islami.
The issue of usage of TV, Loud Speakers, and pictures has been a subject of debate among Barelwi Groups because Aala Hadhrat gave fatawas against pictures and usage of loudspeakers.
Akhataris criticize Dawat-e-Islami for their usage of TV and pictures in their Dawa. They say, in the beginning, Ilyas Attar Qadri was also against the usage of TV because it was prohibited by Aala Hadhrat. However, he started using TV and pictures without giving any formal justification. Watch the following video clip.
Picture shows the statement of Mohammad Subhan Raza Khan, Sajjada Nashin of the Dargah of Aala Hadhrat against Dawat-e-Islami. He claims that Dawat-e-Islami is not a representative Organization of Barelwis.
Mufti Ashraful Qadri of Pakistan criticized Dawat-e-Islami and said they have certain objections on the functioning of Dawt-e-Islami. A video clip in this context was there at You tube for a long time. However, the video clip has been removed from the You tube.
Scholar worship (شخصیت پرستی) is the hall mark of Barelwi groups and Dawat-e-Islami is no exception. The followers of Dawat-e-Islami also treat Ilyas Attar Qadri as Mujaddid, Imam and Super Shaikh, and whatever he says and whatever he has written is only acceptable to them.
A follower of Dawat-e-Islami of Pakistan has published this picture on his FB page placing the their flags over the dome of Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qader Jilani (رضئ الله تعالى عنه).
(2) SUNNI DAWAT-E-ISLAMI
Sunni Dawat-e-Islami (SDI) is reported to be working since 1990s. However, their official website does not give any information about the date or year of its formation. Some people say that Mohammad Shakir Noori, the Head of SDI, was associated with Ilyas Attar Qadri, Head of Dawat-e-Islami, Pakistan (DI) and was active in its activities in Mumbai, India.
During 1990s, there were some misunderstandings between Shakir Noori and Ilyas Qadri on the basis of which Shakir Noori broke away from DI and established SDI in Mumbai, India and became its Head. He is continuing in this capacity till today.
SDI is an identical version of DI of Pakistan. They also send groups of people for dawa to towns and cities. They call it "Dawra". It is mentioned on their official website that all SDI members are required to wear white turban (Imama) on their heads as their Group identification. Dawat-e-Islami Pakistan followers are required to wear Green turban on their heads. It is claimed on SDI official website that they have presence in India, UK, USA, and some other countries of the world. Qamruzzama Azmi, a UK based scholar is their Chief Mentor.
Other Barelwi Groups, particularly Akhtaris are against Sunni Dawat-e-Islami because SDI claims that all Muslim sects (Wahhabi, Deobandi, Shias and others) are reciters of Islamic Kalima ( کلمہ گو ) and therefore they are part of millat-e-Islamia ( ملتِ اسلاميه ) and should be treated as such. This practice is known as Sulah-e-Kulli (Compromise on the faith of all sects). It is alleged that SDI is working towards this end. Watch the following video clips.
SDI denies the above claims and say that they do not compromise on faith and their cooperation with other Muslim sects is only for the welfare of the followers of all sects. . Watch the following video clip.
Obaidullah Khan Azmi, who is addressing the gathering in the above video clip is, perhaps, the best example of people who mix religion with politics. Obaidullah Azmi is closely related to Qamruzzama Azmi.
Obaidullah Khan Azmi was first associated with Janata Dal, then he joined Indian National Congress, then he joined Samajwadi Party, then he joined Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). Some people say that this shows his opportunistic shrewd moves in politics. Whoever promises him a seat in Rajya Sabha, he goes with that party.
In 2015 Fatwa-e-Kufr was issued against Obaidullah Azmi from Darul Ifta, Bareili, signed by a host of Muftis, including Zia Mustafa Qadri. The Fatwa was issued against his objectionable speech during Ram Katha at Run of Kutch, Gujrat, India.
It is reported that Azmi approached Jamia Ashrafia, Mubarakpur (run by Ashrafis) against this Fatwa and Mufti Nizamuddin of Jamia Ashrafia gave him a clean chit. Read more.
It is claimed that in an identical case earlier Mufti Nizamuddin attested Fatwa-e-Kufr against another Muslim who was running a Islamic Institution. Read more.
It is reported that Azmi participated in a Hindu religious Ceremony "Ram Katha" organized by famous Hindu Sant Shri Morari Bapu at Run of Kutch, Gujarat. After the Ram Katha, he also addressed the gathering. During his speech, Azmi expressed his personal belief that Ram is the (religious) Imam of India and it is agreed by all intellectuals (irrespective of their faith, including himself). He claimed that the conflict between Ram and Ravan was a Jihad on the part of Ram.
He disclosed that Mr. V.P. Sing, the Ex. Prime Minister of India had once asked him to get the blessings of Sant Morari Bapu at least once in his life time. And he is happy that he got this opportunity by attending the Ram Katha.
Pandit Morari Bapu is famous for his Hindu religious sermons. His sermons are very popular on TV Channels in India. Azmi disclosed that his wife watches all these sermons and never leaves TV till the sermon is over. She is very much influenced by the teachings of Sant Morari Bapu.
It is interesting to note that the teachings of Sant Shri Morari Bapu are focussed on one point, ie., 'Shri Ram is immortal and Supreme God of all.'
Azmi informed that when he started from his home for the Ram Katha, his wife requested him to convey her respects and Salam to Guruji and if possible let him talk to her on phone for a few seconds. She said she will feel lucky and blessed to hear Guruji's voice on the phone". Read more.
(3) ASHRAFI GROUP
Ashrafis are relatively a smaller group among Barelwis. Ashrafis are supporters of BJP and its allied organizations in India.
Sitting on the dais in the video clip (addressed by Obaidullah Azmi) is Hashmi Ashrafi, a famous Ashrafi Barelwi scholar. He has a considerable following among people. His Muslim followers call him Ghazi-e-Millat and his Hindu followers call him Baba Hashmi Maharaj.
Hashmi Ashrafi and Saleem Ashrafi, a hardcore BJP/RSS worker and Chairman of Wakf Board, Chattis Garh State, are very close to each other. Hashmi Ashrafi attends BJP functions along with Salim Ashrafi.
Picture shows Hashmi Ashrafi with senior RSS leader Indresh Kumar, who is main accused and master mind of Malegaon, Ajmer, Makka Masjid Blasts and others.
Z-News reported that Indresh Kumar (seen in the picture with Saleem Ashrafi) also provided funds to make bombs for these blasts.
Indresh Kumar was charge-sheeted by the Indian investigation agencies for his terror activities against Muslims.
During his speech Hashmi Ashrafi is reported to have accused SP and Congress parties and encouraged people to Vote for BJP. The program was organized by Muslim Rashtriya Manch (MRM) in Raipur, Chattisgarh in 2014. Some people say that apparently, Hashmi Ashrafi is working for BJP/RSS.
MUSLIM RASHTRIYA MANCH (MRM) is an Associate and Affiliate Organization of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). It was established in 2002 by K.S. Sudershan, the then RSS Chief. It works under the direct supervision of RSS. The prominent people working for MRM are Saleem Ashrafi, Mohammad Afzal (current Head of MRM), Wahiduddin Khan, Jamil Ilyasi and others. Read more.
ASHRAFIS SUPPORT RAM TEMPLE
Babri Masjid, built in 1528 by Mughal King Babar, was destroyed by Hindu extremist mobs led by BJP in 1992. Thousands of Muslims were killed in riots that followed Babri destruction.
RSS/BJP claim that the land on which Babri Masjid stood was the birth place of Hindu god Ram. They also claim that there was a Ram Temple on this place which was removed by Babar to build this Mosque.
We all know that Ram is not a historical figure who existed in flesh and blood, rather Ram is a mythological avatar worshiped by Hindus as their god. Therefore, claim of his birth or association of a land with his birth is a Hindu faith, that cannot be proved by historical facts. Also, the BJP's rhetoric of existence of a Ram temple on that land could not be established by any structural or historical evidence so far even after massive digging at that place; though, time and again, claims to the contrary have been made by RSS and other Hindu extremist outfits.
The irony of the fact is, Hashmi Ashrafi talks in the same language as BJP/RSS on this issue. He does not show any anger or remorse on the way Babri Masjid was vandalized and destroyed by RSS trained Extremist mobs.
Rather he tries to brain wash his followers to believe that it is a land dispute as the land may have been taken away from Hindus by Babar to build a mosque and in such a scenario, Muslims should not claim it was a real mosque. In short, Ashrafi is pushing Muslims to surrender to Saffaron extremism in India. Watch the following video clip.
Watch the following video clip. Qamruzzama Azmi, Secretary General of World Islamic Mission, UK, and Chief Mentor of SDI, targeting Akhtar Raza khan, alleging that he is creating divide. Without taking his name, Azmi threatened him for serious consequence.
Sitting on right side on the dais in the above video clip is Salim Ashrafi, an active BJP/RSS worker and Chairman of Wakf Board, Chattis Garh State of India. Throughout the speech of Azmi, Saleem Ashrafi is seen nodding his head in approval of what is being said by Azmi.
Saleem Ashrafi seems to be involved in some serious discussions with RSS/VHP leaders.
Picture shows Salim Ashrafi with Ashraf Ashrafi of AIUMB in January 2016.
It is a known fact that Saleem Ashrafi is a hardcore BJP / RSS worker. He seems to be close to Hindu Jargan Manch, an associate and affiliate Organization of Vishwa Hindu Parished (VHP), responsible for "Ghar Wapasi Program" ie., converting Christians and Muslims into Hinduism.
Salim Ashrafi talks in the same language as leaders of RSS/VHP talk on issues related to minorities in India.
Salim Ashrafi is wearing RSS turban on his head and a long Tilak on his forehead while addressing the students of Kuchaman College, Kucha on the issue of "National Security and Problem of Terrorism" in 2014.
Watch the following video clip starting at 2.15
There are 3 pages of Salim Ashrafi on the Face book. (1), (2), (3). Also there is a You Tube Channel titled "BJP Salim Ashrafi" where many of his videos have been posted. There is a Google Page titled "BJP Salim Ashrafi" where many of his videos are posted.
(4) AKHTARI GROUP
Akhtaris are the followers of Mufti Mohammad Akhtar Radha Khan Barelwi who is the great grand son of Aala Hadhrat. His followers call him Taajush Sharia and he is addressed as Azhari Miya. He has a large number of Murideen in Indian sub continent. Read more.
Mufti Akhtar Radha Khan is against taking pictures. However, some of his Murideen have uploaded some of his speeches on internet on public domain/You tube. One such video clip we found on You tube that was uploaded by his Murid 'Ghulam-e-Azhari 786' in November 2010. Watch this interesting video clip.
Watch the following video clip in which Arsalan Raza Khan, the great grandson of Aala Hadhrat is praising Akhtar Raza Khan and other grandsons of Aala Hadhrat and emphasizing their importance and greatness among Barelwi order.
Critics of Akhtar Raza Khan claim that Akhtaris threaten and bully their opponents within Barelwi order. They also claim that Akhtar Raza Khan is creating division among Barelwi groups. They claim, by promoting discard he is creating a niche for himself to be the leader of Barelwi order. Akhtar Raza Khan is accused of promoting his group to be the true flag bearer of Barelwism. It is alleged that he is creating a dynastic rule among Barelwis. He is also accused of intimidation of scholars among Barelwis as he imposes himself on them as a super authority within Barelwi order. Watch the following video clips.
Akhtaris deny the above allegations and claim that they are exposing the Ulema who are promoting the concept of Sulah-e-Kulli among Barelwis.
(5) BARELWI MUAWIYEEN ( معاويين )Muawiyeen is a sect among Muslims who single out Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Sahabah for over praise and over-glorification; knowing fully well that their action undermines the importance and sacrifices made by Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Hadhrat Ali and other members of Ahle Bait-e-At Haar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ) in the eyes of the people. They insist on the greatness of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ); claim him to be Khalifa-e-Rashid and Ameer-ul-Momineen and equate him in status with Khulafa-e-Rashideen in spite of the fact that he accepted Islam after the fall of Makka ( Suyuti, Tabari, Ibn Hisham), a year before the death of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). They ignore the mandatory requirement of distinction in the status among Sahabah as stipulated by Quran and Sunnah. They have a strange logic. They claim they are defenders of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).It is reported that Aala Hadhrat wrote in Fatawa Radhwiya, Vol. 29, and at other places in his works that the status of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) among Sahabah is thousands and thousands stages below than Khulafa e Rashideen. However, Barelwi Ulema and their followers are deeply divided on this issue. Some have become Muawiyeen, while others have remained with Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a.(i) Barelwi MuawiyeenBarelwi Muawiyeen emphasize that over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was the practice of Aala Hadhrat as he has written 4 books and booklets in praise of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as follows:(i) Al Bushra al 'Aajilah min Tuhaf 'Aajilah (Refutation of Shia beliefs about Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(ii) Arsh al Izaaz wa Ikraam li Awwal Muluk al Islam (In Praise of Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(iii) Dhabb al-Ahwaa al-Wahiyyah fi Baab al-Ameer al-Muawiyyah (Answer to the revilers of Muawiya رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
(iv) Al-Ahadith al-Rawiyyah li Madh al-Amir al-Muawiyyah (Ahadith in Praise of Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )Barelwi Muawiyeen are very vocal in their resolve and claim that it was the mission of Aala Hadhrat to spread the greatness and love of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among people. Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is Khalifa-e-Rashid on par with other Khulafa-e-Rashideen and the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was 49 years.Picture shows cover page of the book titled 'Hadhrat Ameer-e-Muawiya Khalifa-e-Rashid' written by Hashmi Miya Ashrafi under the guidance of his brother Madani Miya Ashrafi.
Picture shows Ulema - e - Muawiyeen and their followers claiming Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) to be Khalifa-e-Rashed.
(ii) Barelwi Ahle SunnahBarelwi Ahle Sunnah say that their Grand Shaikh always kept the distinction of Sahabah in mind and refrained from public over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) or equating him with Khulafa-e-Rashideen. It is a known fact that there are differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah Ulema about Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and it is mandatory for Muslims to respect opinions of all our Ulema. Also, Aala Hadhrat never conducted large public gatherings, Seminars, conferences etc., like Barelwi Muawiyeen are doing now-a-days, to over glorify Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) at the cost of Ahle Bait. They say that the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was 30 years and to include Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashid on par with other Khulafa-e-Rashideen is against Ahle Sunnah Aqeedah.
It is in Hadith - Safeena said : The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said: “Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that." Then Safinah said : "count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),' then count the Khilafah of Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and the Khilafah of Uthman ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), and the Khilafah of Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )." He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years." Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umayya claim that the Khilafah is among them.' Safeena said : the sons of the blue woman (nick name for Umawi Grandmother) are liars; they are Kings of the worst kind". ( Sunan Abu Dawood 4646, Jami Tirmidhi 2226. Salafi Scholar Al-Bani graded it as Saheeh). Read more.Watch the following video clip.
(6) BARELWI AMMANIS
A group within Barelwis has emerged under the banner of 'All India Ulema Mashaikh Board' (AIUMB) who support the Ammani beliefs. They believe all 73 sects and their sub groups are true Muslims. And Christians, Jews and all other faiths who believe in one God are 'Believers' (Momineen) just like Muslims. Barelwi Ammanis are supported by ruling BJP party and Hindu extreme groups, like RSS.
Watch the following video clip. Ashraf Ashrafi, the Head of AIUMB says that Dr. Taher ul Qadri, an Ammani scholar, who signed Amman Message in July 2006, is on the right path of Islam and is working for the right path; meaning, Ammanism is the right path of Islam.
Ammanis are a new sect among Muslims which started in 2004-05. The founder and Imam of Ammani Sect is King Abdullah II of Jordan. The followers of Ammani sect claim that all 73 sects among Muslims and their sub groups are Muslims. They also claim that Christians and Jews are 'Believers' just like Muslims. Read more.
Picture shows Hashmi Ashrafi, Ashraf Asharafi, Head, AIUMB, and Tanveer Hashmi, Head of Karnataka Division of AIUMB
Picture shows Tanweer Hashmi (first from left), Hashmi Ashrafi (third from left), Mahdi Miya Chishtee (fourth from left) and Aboobacker Musaliyar (fifth from left).
Picture shows Madani Miya Ashrafi (first from left) and Ashraf Ashrafi (first from right) attending some event.
Ashraf Ashrafi, the Head of AIUMB conducted a World (Ammani) Sufi Conference in India during March 17-20, 2016 in which prominent Ammani Ulema from around the world were invited. The Conference had a full backing and support of the BJP Government in India.
Picture shows Ashraf Ashrafi Head, AIUMB with Dr. Qadri during Sufi Conference in India in March 2016.
The Conference was inaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Shri Narender Modi. When Prime Minister Modi entered the Conference Hall, all attendees of the Conference, including the Ulema greeted him with the Slogan of "Bharat Mata Ki Jai".
Brief History of the Slogan 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai' (Glory to the Goddess Bharat Mata)
It is a well known fact that "Bharat Mata" is a Hindu Goddess. When Hindus raise this slogan "Bharat Mata Ki Jai" they mean to glorify this Goddess.
Indian Muslims avoid calling "Bharat Mata Ki Jai" because glorification of Idol Gods is prohibited in Islam. Indian Muslims say that India is their mother land and they love it. But they prefer to raise slogans like "Jai Hind" or "Hindustan Zindabad".
Rashtriya Sevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu Extremist Organization, claims that until Muslims recite Wande Matram and Bharat Mata Ki Jai, they will be treated as enemies of India. Needless to say that this is an illogical talk meant to bully Muslims in India.
It is irony of the fact that the Ulema attending the Sufi Conference, including Dr. Taher ul Qadri, who was the Chief Guest of the Conference, supported this Slogan.
Watch the following video clip in which Dr. Qadri is supporting this slogan. A TV anchor asked Dr. Qadri a specific question related to the slogan. What Qadri should have said is, everyone in a democracy should be allowed to raise slogans of their choice to show their love to their motherland. But what he did? He condemned Indian Muslims for opposing to chant 'Bharat Mata Ki Jai'. And he called them illiterates (Jahil).
Caretakers of Dargahs of Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qader Jeelani, Khaja Moinuddin Chishtee and Nizamuddin Awliya (Rahmatullah alaihim ajmaeen) have also joined the Ammani Bandwagon.
Picture shows Ashraf Ashrafi (AIUMB), Hashimuddin al Gailani (Ghousul Azam Dargah) and Mehdi Miya Chishtee (Ajmer Dargah), meeting with Indian Premier Narender Modi at the inauguration of Sufi Conference in New Delhi in March, 2016.
Picture shows Afeefuddin al-Gailani, meeting with Indian Premier Narender Modi during the Sufi Conference in March 2016.
Picture shows Hashimuddin Al-Gailani, the caretaker of Ghousul Azam (رضي الله تعالى عنه) Dargah at Baghdad, Iraq, addressing (Ammani) Sufi Conference in India in March 2016.
Hashimuddin al Gailani claims that scholars who have signed Amman Message are true Muslims. He supports Universal Sufism and asserts that Nazim al-Haqqani was a great Sufi Shaikh even though he declared Bush, Blair as Wali Allah. Read more.
Needless to say that Ammani Sufis consider Sufism has nothing to do with Islam and anybody, be it Muslim or not, can be a Sufi and Saint. This believe is known as Universal Sufism.
Dr. Taher ul Qadri, Shaikh Saqib Iqbal Shami, Shaikh Hisham Kabbani and Hashimuddin al-Gailani are some prominent names in the present day Ammani Sufi scholars in the world who consider all sects and their sub Groups as true Muslims.
Picture shows Saqib Iqbal Shami greeting the Indian Premier at the Sufi Conference.
In his speech in the Conference Saqib Shami said he has differences of opinion with Ammani Aqa'ed in general, and with Dr. Taher ul Qadri, in particular, as he does not subscribe to Ammani belief that Christians and Jews are 'Believers' like Muslims.
However, Saqib Shami did not deny Ammani belief that all 73 sects and their sub groups are Muslims. Watch the following video clip of Saqib Shami.
Saqib Shami agrees with the Ammani belief that 73 Sects and their sub groups are essentially Muslims. He claims that all 72 deviant sects will not remain in Hell for ever. He says that whosoever's beliefs have reached Hadd-e-Kufr (crossed the borderline of Kufr) will remain in Hell for ever. The rest will be taken out of Hell on the Shafa'a of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
Watch the following video clip starting 2.38 in which Saqib Shami is mixing two different issues. (i) Aqeedah of deviant sects, and (ii) Individual people.
What we Ahle Sunnah say that Aqeedah of Salafis of worshiping an Sky Idol God is Shirk. Aqeedah of Shias of Takfeer-e-Sahabah is Kufr. Aqeedah of sub-sects of these two major groups, like Deobandis and others are Kufr because they have based their aqa'ed on the above two groups. Also Khariji aqeedah is out of Islam. Amman Message is related to Aqeedah, it is not related to individual people. Amman Message claims that Aqeedah of all 72 deviant sects and their sub groups is true Islam.
It is a fact that if a person is Ahle Sunnah, but if his aqeedah is like Salafi or Shia or Khariji, he will be in Hellfire for ever. Similarly, if the Aqeedah of the follower of any sect is like the Sahih Aqeedah of Ahle Sunnah, then he will receive ultimate salvation. Therefore, it is correct to say that whoever has Sahih Aqeedah will get salvation, and whoever has deviant Aqeedah of Kufr and Shirk, will remain in Hellfire. But Saqib Shami claims that all 72 deviant sects are Muslims and they will not remain in Hellfire for ever. This is Ammani aqeedah. This is what Amman Message claims.
People like Saqib Shami have misunderstood the statements of some of our Ulema and are misquoting them to support their claims. They also misquote the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said "My Ummah will divide into 73 sects, 72 will be in Hellfire and the one, on Sahih Iman, will get salvation. This one group of Sahih Iman will be with him in Jannah for ever, and the people who have deviated from his path will be in Hellfire for ever. The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) did not say that 'I will take them out of Hellfire after sometime'.
It is in Quran - وَمَن يُشَاقِقِ الرَّسُولَ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ الْهُدَىٰ وَيَتَّبِعْ غَيْرَ سَبِيلِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ نُوَلِّهِ مَا تَوَلَّىٰ وَنُصْلِهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۖ وَسَاءَتْ مَصِيرًا [And whoever opposes the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) after the path of guidance has become clear to him, and follows the path other than that of the (true) believers, We shall keep him in the same (state of disorientation) he has (himself) turned to, and shall (eventually) cast him into Hellfire and that is an evil dwelling.] (An-Nisa - 115)
It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Among Muslims, there will be some people (scholars and their followers) who will lead people according to principles other than Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Sunnah. There will be some others who will invite people to the doors of Hell and whoever accepts their invitation, he will be thrown in Hell. These misguided people will be from within the Muslim community. Muslims should stick to their chief (who is on the right path of Islam). If they do not find a Chief or the righteous group, they should "Keep away from all those different sects (Ammanis, Salafis, Deobandis, Shias, etc.), even if they had to bite (eat) the root of a tree, till they meet Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). Part of Hadith. (Bukhari Book # 56, Hadith # 803 and Muslim Book # 20, Hadith # 4553).
The scholars who have signed Amman Message, or who support Amman Message; and the scholars like Saqib Shami who say all 73 sects are essentially Muslims - are one and the same. They are spreading Amman Message in the world. They are rebels, going against the commandments of Allah (سبحانهُ وتعالى) and His Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
All India Ulema Masha'ek Board has a presence in Hyderabad. A week before the Conference, Aale Mustafa Qadri, son of Syed Kazim Pasha Quadri was appointed as Head of AIUMB for TS and AP.
Aale Mustafa Quadri is editor of a Urdu weekly 'Khateeb-e-Deccan' in which they heavily publicized the Sufi Conference.
Picture shows Aale Mustafa Quadri addressing an AIUMB meeting in Hyderabad which was attended by Ashraf Ashrafi, Mehdi Miya Chishtee, Kazim Pasha Quadri, Ziauddin Naqshbandi and Mufti Khaleel Ahmed of Jamia Nizamia.
Ziauddin Naqshbandi with Kazim Pasha Quadri, before attending the AIUMB Meeting in Hyderabad in March, 2016.
Picture Shows Mufti Ziauddin Naqshbandi Head, Department of Fiqh, Jamia Nizamia, and Tanveer Hashmi, Head, AIUMB, Karnataka attending the Sufi Conference.
Ziaudin Naqshbandi, seen holding the hands of Dr. Qadri. Also seen in the picture are Mufti Khaleel Ahmad, Jamia Nizamia, Asaduddin Owaisi, MIM Chief and MP, Hyd in 2012
Ammani attack on Islam is serious and there is a need to safeguard our Iman in this chaotic times.
It is in Hadith - Reported by Hadhrat Abu Naim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in his book titled 'Huliya'. Hazrat Abu Umana Bahili (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrates that Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said ‘Before Qiyamah, they ( the misguided sects and their sub groups) will spread and attack bitterly like the small and large insects and whosoever witnesses this period must seek refuge in Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) (Huliya).
It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said Be prompt in doing good deeds (before you are overtaken) by turbulence which would be like a part of the dark night. During (that stormy period) a man would be a Muslim in the morning and an unbeliever in the evening or he would be a believer in the evening and an unbeliever in the morning, and would sell his faith for worldly goods. (Muslim)
(7) There are some smaller groups of Barelwis in India, Pakistan and other countries who, one way or the other, are associated with major Barelwi Groups.
It is important to note that Barelwis belong to Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a. It is the need of the hour that Barelwi Ulema sit together and review the problems faced by their order. In this context, following points are important:
(i) Barelwis have started treating Aala Hadhrat as Godman. They have crossed all limits in scholar worship. This is a dangerous trend that should be stopped.
It is important that Barelwis focus more on the ideals of their Grand shaikh Aala Hadhrat, rather than his person. Remember, every Sufi Shaikh, every Wali Allah and every scholar has played his role in keeping Sahih Iman alive in this world for the past 1400 years. If you emphasize one over the other, there will be division among Ahle Sunnah.
(ii) Barelwis should eliminate cult tendencies in their order and learn to work with other Ahle Sunnah groups outside Barelwi order in order to forge a joint effort in protecting Sahih Iman of Muslim masses.
(iii) Barelwi sub Groups need to give preference to the cause of Ahle Sunnah and Sahih Iman over their group identities. They need to be watchful that in their attempt to bring all Muslim sects on a single platform, they should not allow themselves to be swallowed by Salafis, Ammanis, and their like minded groups.
(iv) Barelwis should be careful with some of their scholars/Sajjada Nashins who are leading them towards Ammani, Muawiyeen and Sulah-e-kulli sects. They should also be careful with some of their scholars who have joined hands with the enemies of Islam for some worldly gains.
(v) Cooperation among Muslim sects is a good thing, but it should not be at the cost of Iman. Barelwis should look at the example of "Minhaj ul Quran", how this organization slipped into the bandwagon of Ammanis and lost the right path of Islam. Read more.
Umma tul Islamiyah ( الأمة الإسلامية)
Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a need to understand the concept of Ummah ( أمة ) in its proper perspective.
In Islamic world, the term Umma tul Islamiyah ( الأمة الإسلامية) is used to describe the community of Muslims belonging to all sects. However, our present Umma tul Islamiyah is not similar to the Umma tul Islamia that existed during Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) time or Khulafa-e-Rashideen time. What we find now is widespread deviancy among Muslim sects from the right path of Islam. Some sects are based on Blasphemy of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and Khulafa-e-Rashideen. Some believe Allah to have a Physical body like human beings. Some have legalized Prostitution in the name of fake marriages. Remember, Allah's help in this world and salvation in Hereafter is only available to the type of Umma tul Islamiyah that existed during Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) time. Therefore, deviant sects can never expect to get Allah's help in this world nor salvation in Hereafter, unless they come back to Sahih Iman.
It is in Quran - إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُغَيِّرُ مَا بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّىٰ يُغَيِّرُوا مَا بِأَنفُسِهِمْ (Surely Allah does not change the condition of the people until they change their own condition) (Ar-Ra'd - 11)
It is primary duty and responsibility of Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a to guide deviant sects to the right path of Islam. For this purpose we need to cooperate with Deviant Sects and help them realize the right path of Islam. Simply hating them for their adamant deviancy or declaring them as out of Islam will not help. Also, our cooperation with deviants should not mean that we believe followers of all deviant sects are true Muslims on the basis of their oral recitation of Islamic Kalima. If we accept deviant sects as true Muslims, as Ammanis do, we will also become the followers of Ammani sect and go astray. Read more.
In order to guide deviant sects to the right path of of Islam, it is important that every single individual of Ahle Sunnah learn Sahih Iman in the light of Quran and Ahadith. You need to have, or at least you should be able to locate, answers to every single question raised by deviant sects about Sahih Iman. For this purpose read articles on CIFIA Network websites. Also, you can refer other Ahle Sunnah resources on Internet/books/Ahle Sunnah Institutions.
It is important that we remain steadfast on Sahih Iman, cooperate and win the hearts of the followers of other sects in such a way that they return back to Sahih Iman in our company. This is what Shuyook of Ihsan and Awliya Allah have been doing through out the history of Islam.
How do we cooperate and deal with other sects in order to bring them back to Sahih Iman in our company?