صحيح العقيدة الإسلامية
THE MEANING OF BELIEF IN ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی)
It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "the Faith (Iman) is to believe in Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ), His angels, (the) meeting with Him, His Apostles, and to believe in Resurrection." (Bukhari).
Following Quranic verses and Ahadith explain us about Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and His attributes.It is in Quran - قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ . اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ . لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ . وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَد [Meaning - Say, He is the God, the one and only. God, the eternal and absolute. He begets not, nor is he begotten. And there is none like him.] (Ikhlas 1- 4).It is in Quran - وَإِذَا سَأَلَكَ عِبَادِي عَنِّي فَإِنِّي قَرِيبٌ ۖ أُجِيبُ دَعْوَةَ الدَّاعِ إِذَا دَعَانِ ۖ فَلْيَسْتَجِيبُوا لِي وَلْيُؤْمِنُوا بِي لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْشُدُونَ [Meaning - When My servants ask you (O’ Prophet – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) concerning Me, ( tell them ) I am ever present ( with them ) and I listen to the call of him that calls Me.] (Al-Baqara – 186).It is in Quran - هُوَ الْأَوَّلُ وَالْآخِرُ وَالظَّاهِرُ وَالْبَاطِنُ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ [ Meaning -He is the First and the Last, He is the Manifest (apparent) and the Immanent (actually present through out the material world) and (He) is the knower of all things’.] (Al-Hadeed – 3).
It is in Quran - فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ Meaning Whichever side you turn, you will find Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی); Verily ( in truth ) Allah – (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is Omnipresent (existing everywhere every moment) and Omniscient ( infinitely wise)]. ( Al-Baqra – 115 ).It is in Hadith - Narrated by Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - "Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said 'Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is not hidden from you".(Bukhari)
It is in Hadith - Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said that "you worship Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) seeing Him, and in case you fail to see Him, do your prayer knowing fully well that He is seeing you". (Bukhari, Muslim and others. It is a long Hadith. Translation of a part is given here). Read more...ALLAH (سبحانہ و تعا لی) AND THE COSMOSQ 1 - Has Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) taken any matter / material from outside to create the things in this cosmos?Ans - No. Everything existing in this cosmos, was in Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) knowledge.It is in Quran - لَّهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ [Meaning Whatever is in the Heavens and whatsoever is in the Earth belongs to Him. (Al-Baqara – 255).Q 2 - How did we exist in Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) knowledge?Ans - Like the painter knows individual details of his paintings, then he draws them together on a canvas; similarly, we all existed in Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) knowledge in the shape of individual facts. Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) commanded "Be" to these individual facts to come into "Being" and there we came into existence for a specific period (known to Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی). If He commands again, we will go back into his thought (knowledge).An important thing has to be understood here. The Artist has taken the material (paint-Brush-Canvas, etc.) from outside and his painting is existing outside the Artist. But in Allah' (سبحانہ و تعا لی) creation, nothing has come out of his Unity (Zaat). We are still in Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) thought, but in a different format.It is in Quran – إِنَّمَا قَوْلُنَا لِشَيْءٍ إِذَا أَرَدْنَاهُ أَن نَّقُولَ لَهُ كُن فَيَكُونُ [ Meaning - And a thing, We (Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی) Will (to create), We only Say ‘Be’, and there it is (it comes into existence.] (An-Nahl – 40).It is in Quran - كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ - وَيَبْقَىٰ وَجْهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو الْجَلَالِ وَالْإِكْرَامِ [Meaning - All that there is in the Cosmos shall vanish. The Countenance (stand alone) of your Lord (by Himself) shall endure, the Lord of Majesty and Glory’. (Ar-Rahman – 26-27).Q 3 - Is it wrong to say that everything in this cosmos is Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) thought (Khayal) and is absolutely dependent upon His attention?Ans - No, it is not wrong. The real existence belongs to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and the existence of this Cosmos and whatever there in it, is Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) thought, appearing in different forms as per their individual facts.Q 4 - Can Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) Absolute Existence (Being) be confined (arrested / held) into any shape / form / body?Ans - No. Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is free from the consideration of time, shape, body, form of any kind; exclusive or creature like.It is in Quran - وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًا أَحَد [Meaning - And there is none like him.] (Ikhlas - 4).It is in Quran - لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ ( Meaning - Nothing is like Him) (Ash-Shura - 11).Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is free from the considerations of form , shape, body and limbs. All kinds of body considerations (exclusively divine or creature like) are negated from the above verses.The Quranic verses that (apparently) point towards hands, face, eyes of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) are allegorical, for explanation purposes to human beings. These should not be understood in literal or textual sense. If you deduce their textual meanings, you will not remain a Muslim; you will become an Idol worshiper.Salafis and their like minded groups allege that Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) Himself has stated that He has body/eyes/hands/face (Astaghfirullah). This is slander and an extreme case of idolatry. Those who talk like this and spread falsehood about Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) are outside Islamic fold. They are Sky Idol God worshipers. Read more...It is in Quran - وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَىٰ عَلَى اللَّهِ كَذِبًا أَوْ كَذَّبَ بِآيَاتِهِ ۗ إِنَّهُ لَا يُفْلِحُ الظَّالِمُونَ [ Meaning - And who is more unjust than he who forges a lie against Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) or (he who) gives the lie to His communications (verses of Quran); surely the unjust will not be successful.( Al-An-A'am-21)CORRECT UNDERSTANDING OF QURANIC VERSES AND AHADITHAllah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is free from the considerations of form, shape, image, matter, weight, direction, time and dwelling. In their inability to understand Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) Existence (Wajood-e-Elahi), Hindus, Salafis, Buddhists Christians, etc., started worshiping all kinds of Idols/Deities (imaginary as well as man made). The difference between Hindu God Vishnu and Salafi Sky Idol God is, Vishnu is married, while Salafi God is single. Hindus make an idol of Vishnu, while Salafis imagine their Monster size God sitting over the skies and they both prostrate in front of their Deities.Salafi Sky Idol God is a huge imaginary human-like Monster who has a physical body and is sitting over the skies. They prostrate to this Monster 5 times a day during their so called Salah and confuse innocent Muslims by calling this Monster as Allah. They impose all Quranic verses about Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) on this Monster and claim that this is the God referred to in Quran. (La haula wala quwwata illah billah).Salafis mislead innocent Muslims by taking literal/textual meanings of certain Quranic verses. Read the following Quranic verse, you will understand the meaning of 'Wajha' (Face).It is in Quran - وَلِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ ۚ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ [Meaning - "To Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) belong the East and the West. Wherever you turn, you will find Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) ( Meaning Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی is Omnipresent - existing everywhere every moment). Indeed Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is all pervading (He is there throughout the Cosmos) and Omniscient ( infinitely wise ).] (Al-Baqra – 115 )Imam Bukhari translated 'Wajhu' as 'dominion and sovereignty (mulkuhu) in verse كُلُّ شَيْءٍ هَالِكٌ إِلَّا وَجْهَهُ [Everything will perish save His countenance (Al-Qasas - 88) in the 'Book of Tafsir in Sahih Bukhari.] (Refer Arabic Edition, Al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Published Beirut, Lebanon, page 171 - last para).Similarly, Quranic references of 'eyes' depict "Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) Exalted attribute of Seeing". Read the following Quranic verses, you will understand the meaning of 'eyes'.It is in Quran - لَا يَعْزُبُ عَنْهُ مِثْقَالُ ذَرَّةٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَلَا فِي الْأَرْضِ [ Meaning - Nothing, even the weight of a mote lying either in the heavens or in the earth escapes His notice’.] (As-Saba – 3).It is in Quran - وَاصْبِرْ لِحُكْمِ رَبِّكَ فَإِنَّكَ بِأَعْيُنِنَا ۖ وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ [ Meaning - So wait patiently (O' Muhammad - صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for the Decision of your Lord, for verily, you are under Our Eyes (Observation).] (At-Tur - 48)It is in Quran - وَحَمَلْنَاهُ عَلَىٰ ذَاتِ أَلْوَاحٍ وَدُسُرٍ - تَجْرِي بِأَعْيُنِنَا جَزَاءً لِّمَن كَانَ كُفِرَ [ Meaning -And We carried him on a (ship) made of planks and nails, Floating under Our Eyes (Observation), a reward for him who had been rejected!] (Al-Qamar - 13-14)It is in Quran - وَأَلْقَيْتُ عَلَيْكَ مَحَبَّةً مِّنِّي وَلِتُصْنَعَ عَلَىٰ عَيْنِي [ Meaning - And I endued you with love from Me, in order that you may be brought up under My Eye (special care).] (TaHa - 39)It is in Hadith - Narrated Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) , The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "No prophet was sent but that he warned his followers against the one-eyed liar (Dajjal). Beware! He is blind in one eye, and your Lord is not so, and there will be written between his (Dajjal) eyes (the word) Kafir (disbeliever). (Bukhari, Book 88, Hadhti # 245 - This Hadith is also narrated by Abu Hurairah and Ibn 'Abbas رضئ الله تعالی عنهم)When someone is blind in one eye, his ability to see or observe things gets limited. The purport of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the above Hadith is, Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has perfect vision. His attribute of seeing can never get limited like the objects of this Cosmos. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is emphasizing the perfection of the attribute of Seeing of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی).Imam Baihaqi translated the Quranic word "Eyes" as 'Divine Sight' in his book 'Al-Asma was-Sifat'.In the same way, Quranic references of hands depict Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) attribute of "Omnipotence" (Qudrat). Read the following Quranic verses, you will understand the meaning of 'Hands'.It is in Quran - وَمَا رَمَيْتَ إِذْ رَمَيْتَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ رَمَىٰ [Meaning - (O’ Prophet – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ‘You did not throw, when you threw, but Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has thrown.] (Infe’al – 17).It is in Quran - إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُبَايِعُونَكَ إِنَّمَا يُبَايِعُونَ اللَّهَ يَدُ اللَّهِ فَوْقَ أَيْدِيهِمْ [ Meaning - Certainly, those who are doing ‘the promise of allegiance’ (ba'ya ) to you, (O’ Prophet – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), they are actually doing the promise of allegiance to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). Allah’s (سبحانہ و تعا لی) hand is upon their hand.] (Al-Fath – 10).
Quranic verses about Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) that apparently point towards creature like attributes of hands, eyes, face, etc., should be understood in their proper perspective. If we take their textual / literal meanings and say that (nauzubillahi) Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has a body and limbs, we will get deviated from the straight path of Islam and go astray. Read more...It is in Hadith :روى البخاري ومسلم - عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ : خَلَقَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ طُولُهُ سِتُّونَ ذِرَاعًا فَلَمَّا خَلَقَهُ قَالَ اذْهَبْ فَسَلِّمْ عَلَى أُولَئِكَ النَّفَرِ مِنْ الْمَلائِكَةِ جُلُوسٌ فَاسْتَمِعْ مَا يُحَيُّونَكَ فَإِنَّهَا تَحِيَّتُكَ وَتَحِيَّةُ ذُرِّيَّتِكَ فَقَالَ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكُمْ فَقَالُوا السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ فَزَادُوهُ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ فَكُلُّ مَنْ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ عَلَى صُورَةِ آدَمَ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ الْخَلْقُ يَنْقُصُ بَعْدُ حَتَّى الآنAbu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) created Adam (علیـــه السلا م) in His image with His height of sixty cubits (30 meters tall), and as He created him He told him to greet that Group, and that was a party of angels sitting there, and listen to the response that they give him, for it would form his greeting and that of his offspring. He then went away and said: Peace be upon you! They (the angels) said: May there be peace upon you and the Mercy of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), and they made an addition of "Mercy of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی)". So he who would get into Paradise would get in the form (appearance) of Adam (علیـــه السلا م), his length being sixty cubits, then the people who followed him continued to diminish in size up to this day. (Muslim Book 40, Hadith # 6809 ) (Bukhari Book 55, Hadith # 543).There are 7 primary attributes of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), viz., Life, Knowledge, Will, Power, Hearing, Seeing, and Speech. Human beings have also been provided with these attributes in their limited formats. In addition we have been provided with 'Wisdom', also an attribute of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). The difference is, Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) attributes are His own, our attributes are Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) bestowal ( عطاء الهى ). Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) existence is His own, our existence is His bestowal ( عطاء الهى ). The above Hadith emphasizes this distinction, describing Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has created Adam in His image ( خَلَقَ اللَّهُ آدَمَ عَلَى صُورَتِهِ ).We have explained above Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is free from the considerations of form, shape, image, matter, body, weight,direction, time and dwelling. Salafis misunderstood this Hadith and took literal/textual meaning of the Hadith and became Idol worshipers. (Astaghfirullah)It is in Quran - هُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُّحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ وَأُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ ۖ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَابْتِغَاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ ۗ وَمَا يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ۗ وَالرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَّا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِّنْ عِندِ رَبِّنَا ۗ وَمَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلَّا أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ [ Meaning - He (Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی) is who has sent down to you (O’ Prophet – صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the Book (Quran). Some verses of it are definite in meaning (Ayaat-e-Muhkamaat). These form the mother of the Book (the basic there in) and the rest are figurative (metaphorical) ( Ayaat - e - Mutashaabihaat ). But they, in whose minds there is a tendency to deviate from truth, take the metaphorical (verses in their literal / textual sense) craving discord, and craving to give them their own interpretation, although none knows the reality about them except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). And those who make it right approach to knowledge could only say 'we believe therein all that is from our Lord'. None can catch their significance except those gifted with insight.] (Aal-e-Imran - 7).Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) instills wisdom and gives special vision to certain people with which they extract the meaning of Quranic verses and understand facts of things. From metaphor they reach to the truth, from source they get to the imperative, from abstract they get to the detail, from root they get to the branches and fruits and from integral command they reach to the fractional commandments.It is in Quran - وَلَوْ رَدُّوهُ إِلَى الرَّسُولِ وَإِلَىٰ أُولِي الْأَمْرِ مِنْهُمْ لَعَلِمَهُ الَّذِينَ يَسْتَنبِطُونَهُ مِنْهُمْ ۗ [ Meaning - And if they had referred it to the Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the people of respective command (Saheb-e-Amr), those among them capable of deducing things and have sound imagination, would have known it (the subject fully)" (An-Nisa - 83).It is in Quran - فَاعْتَبِرُوا يَا أُولِي الْأَبْصَارِ [ Meaning - Those who have wise heart and open eyes, get warned] (Al-Hashr - 2).It is in Quran - وَالَّذِينَ جَاهَدُوا فِينَا لَنَهْدِيَنَّهُمْ سُبُلَنَا ۚ [Meaning - The people who strive in our way, We show and put them on the right path' (Al-An-Kaboot - 69).Who are the people who have been gifted with insight to know the real meaning of Quranic verses and Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) signs in this Cosmos?We all know that Awliya Allah / Sufi Shaikhs are the people who can understand Quranic verses and Ahadith and the fact of things in their proper perspective.SALAFI SKY IDOL GODSalafis translate Islamic Kalima as "There is no Deity (Idol) save Allah. When they say Allah is one, they mean that the Big Deity or Idol sitting on the skies is one, unique and no other Deity or Idol is like it. They worship this idol 5 times a day.
Ibn Taymiyaah who propagated Paganism in the name of Salafi Islam, invented a theory of their Idol's Tawheed or Oneness of their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ), which was later improved by other Salafi Scholars as follows:(i) Tawheed-ar-Rububiyya
(ii) Tawheed al-Uloohiyya, and
(iii) Tawheed-al-Asma-was-SifaatIn Tawheed-ar-Rububiyya, they claim that their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ) is "Rabb" ( Sustainer) of all creatures and human beings in the Universe.In Tawheed-al-Uloohiya, they claim that their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ) is Divine. They prostrate in front of this Idol. They say that they only ask from their Sky Idol God and from no one else. They demand all Muslims to bow down in front of their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ). Whoever does not do that, they call him Mushrik.In Tawheed al-Asma-was-Sifaat, they claim that their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ) is 'compassionate, merciful and all that. They paste all attributes of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) on their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ).As a matter of fact, they copy-paste all Quranic verses and Ahadith about Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) on their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ) by misinterpreting their meanings. Watch the following vidoe clip.The above facts shows that by calling their Planetary human-like-Idol ( المعبود الكواكب مثل الإنسان ) as Allah, Salafis have led millions of people into Idol worship and all of them will sure enter Hell fire in Hereafter.