CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 


المعتقدات المعاويين

MUAWIYEEN AND THEIR BELIEFS

 

INTRODUCTION


Muawiyeen is a sect among Muslims who single out Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Sahabah for over praise and over-glorification; knowing fully well that their action undermines the importance and sacrifices made by Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Hadhrat Ali and other members of Ahle Bait-e-At Haar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ) in the eyes of the people. They insist on the greatness of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ); claim him to be Khalifa-e-Rashid and Ameer-ul-Momineen and equate him in status with Khulafa-e-Rashideen in spite of the fact that he accepted Islam after the fall of Makka ( Suyuti, Tabari, Ibn Hisham), a year before the death of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). They ignore the mandatory requirement of distinction in the status among Sahabah as stipulated by  Quran and Sunnah.  They have a strange logic. They claim they are defenders of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).   

 

BRIEF HISTORY

There was a long and deadly conflict during the first century Hijri between Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar on one side and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) on the other side in which hundreds of thousands of Sahabah, Taba'een and Muslims were killed. The most tragic incident was the battle of Siffeen in which over 70,000 people were killed.  The protracted conflict lasted for over a decade; at the end of which Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) succeeded in deposing  Rashidun Caliphate. 

Read more.  (1), and (2)

It is consensus of Muslim Ummah for the past 1400 years that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was the first King of (Umayyed) dynastic rule that lasted for 90 years.

Muawiyeen equate Hadrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) with Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in spite of the fact that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was the Khalifa-e-Rashid, Amir ul Momineen and Head of Islamic nation and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a Governor of a Province under him.

They conduct Seminars, Conferences,  gatherings,  to emphasize the greatness of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in the eyes of the people.  

 

We have discussed in detail about the beliefs and claims of this sect in this Article.   

The Article is divided into two sections, as follows:  

Section  (A)  -  Muawiyeen and their beliefs.

Section (B) - Ahle Sunah Aqeedah about Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه

References have been provided all through the Article, and we have refrained from giving our personal opinions as far as possible.

It is important that Muslims know historical facts  to keep their Iman in tact.  If we falter on this issue, there is a chance that we will form certain disrespectful opinions about Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ) and go astray. We hope our readers will benefit from this important information.  

 

 

SECTION (A)

MUAWIYEEN AND THEIR BELIEFS 

 

Muawiya Ibn Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been a subject of debate among Muslims for about 1400 years. He is praised by some people and condemned by others. Also there are differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah Ulema about him.

There are 2 distinct groups among Muslims in this context.  

(i) Those who claim love of Ahle Baite-at-haar but accuse and abuse Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Sahabah.  Like Shia Ithna Ashari, Zaidi and other groups who also hate Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) for his fight against Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  In their blind hate, they shower choicest abuses on Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). Needless to say that they have lost the right path of Islam.    

(ii) Those  who single out Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Sahabah and  spend their lives in his over-glorification knowing fully well that their behavior undermines the importance and sacrifices made by Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Baite At Haar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ) in the eyes of people.   

Every Muslim respects Sahabah and praises them individually and collectively. But Muawiyeen behave strangely. They single out Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Sahabah and shower excessive praises and place him equal in status with Khulafa-e-Rashideen.  In order to justify their behavior, they give references from Quran and Sunnah about generalized praise of Sahabah, and taking it as cover,  they write books, conduct seminars, sing encomiums over-glorifying Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in their choicest terms

There are two sub groups of this category. 

(a) Salafis, Ikhwan, Deobandis, and their like minded groups claim Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on Haq in his fight with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). They claim that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) should have surrendered to Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه  ) as was done by his son Imam Hassan ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). They also claim that  Yazid was a pious Khalifa.  They add   رضئ الله تعالی عنه with Yazid's name and claim that Imam Hussain ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was at fault. They say Karbala was a political episode.   (Astaghfirullahal azeem). Read more.

(b) Muawiyeen and their like minded claim that both Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) were right in their fight with each other. They equate Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in spite of the fact that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was the Khalifa-e-Rashid and Head of Islamic nation and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a Governor of a Province under him.   They write books, conduct Seminars, Conferences, shower accolades, sing  praises and  scream slogans and emphasize Muawiya's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) importance and greatness among Sahabah. They claim Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was Khalifa-e-Rashid and Amir-ul-Momineen on par with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and other  Khulafa-e-Rashideen.   They proudly say that they are the defenders of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). They cite references from Quran and Sunnah about the praise of Sahabah in general, and taking it as cover,  glorify Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in the choicest terms possible. 
 
Watch the following video clip starting 2.10
 
Watch the following video clip in which Aurangazeb Farooqi of Sipah-e-Sahabah Terrorist Group in Pakistan is over-glorifying Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
 
 

Picture 

Muawiyeen write encomiums in over praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) to emphasize his greatness among Sahabah and Khulafa-e-Rashideen.  They claim Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is the Imam of Ahle Bait-e-At-haar (رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين).

 

         

Over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) seems  an attempt on the part of Muawiyeen to justify their claim that he is Khalifa-e-Rashed and Amir ul Momineen like other Khulafa-e-Rashideen.

 

MISLEADING LOGIC

Muawiyeen confuse Muslims from their misleading logic.  They say all Sahabah are respectful and rightly guided.  Based on this logic they claim that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is also rightly guided. Then they argue that since Muawiaya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is rightly guided, therefore there is no difference between him and rightly guided Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ). 

We cite here an example how Muslims were misled in the past in the same fashion. There have been some fake Prophets in the past who tried to mislead Muslims.  First they explained to their followers that the meaning of the word "Nabi" is -  'a person who gives information about the unseen'.  Then they said, since they also receive information directly from God, in that sense they can also be regarded as 'Nabi'.  Once their followers accepted this logic, they gradually convinced their followers  that they are the Prophets.  Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiyani and his followers are a glaring example in this context.

Distinction in the status among Sahabah is an established fact from Quran and Sunnah. If you do not keep this distinction in mind, you have strayed, you have lost the right path of Islam.  There is consensus (Ijma) of Ahle Sunnah Ulema about the merits of Sahabah in the following order.   

(i)  Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعین).
 
(ii) The Ten Companions who were promised paradise. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Ibn Maja).
 
(iii) The Senior Companions  who fought at Badr.
 
(iv) The Companions who gave Bay'at al-Ridwân under the Tree.
 
(v) The Companions who accepted Islam after the fall of Makka.  Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) belongs to this category.   

No one in the Islamic History ever claimed that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a Khalifa-e-Rashid, except of course the followers of Muawiyeen sect.  As a matter of fact the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was ended by Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as he deposed Khulafa-e-Rashideen and became the  founding King of a dynastic rule in Islam.  There is consensus of Muslim Ummah on this issue.   

 

Ulema - e - Muawiyeen  and their followers do not accept the consensus of Islamic Ummah. They portray Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashed and claim that the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was 49 years

 

Read the following Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) Hadith which says that Khalifat-e-Rashida will remain  for 30 years. 

It is in Hadith - Safeena said : The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said: “Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that." Then Safinah said : "count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),' then count the Khilafah of Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and the Khilafah of Uthman ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), and the Khilafah of Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )."  He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years."  Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umayya claim that the Khilafah is among them.' Safeena said : the sons of the blue woman (nick name for Umawi Grandmother) are liars; they are  Kings of the worst kind". ( Sunan Abu Dawood 4646, Jami Tirmidhi 2226.  Salafi Scholar Al-Bani graded it as Saheeh).

 
The above authentic Hadith about the prophecy of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) establishes the fact that Khilafat-e-Rashida will remain for 30 years. 
 
What is the status of people who fought in the Battle of Siffeen against  Hadhrat Ali's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) ?  
 
An absolute majority of Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that they were rebels under the leadership of their leader Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). Prophet  Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prophesied about it and declared them as rebels.  
 

It is in Hadith - Ibn 'Abbas ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said to me and to his son Ali, "Go to Abu Sa'id ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and listen to what he narrates." So we went and found him in a garden looking after it.  He picked up his Rida', wore it and sat down and started narrating till the topic of the construction of the mosque reached. He said, "We were carrying one adobe at a time while 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was carrying two. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, "May Allah be Merciful to 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ). He will be killed by a rebellious, aggressive group. He will be inviting them to Paradise and they will invite him to Hell-fire." 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said, "I seek refuge with Allah from affliction." (Bukhari  447, Muslim 7320)

 
Muawiyeen cite a reference in 'Ghunia-tut-Talibeen' a book attributed to Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qader Jeelani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in which there is mention of a Hadith  which  says that the power of  Islam will continue for up to 35 or 36 or 37 years.  This Hadith has been interpreted in the book saying that since Khilafat-e-Rashida ended in 30 years, therefore the additional 7 years period belonged to Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). This way Muawiya's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) rule/khilafat is established.
 
Following facts are presented by some people in this context.  
(a) The book Ghunia-tut-Talibeen has been edited/added by publishers in successive editions/translations.  There are many translations available in the market which were carried out by Deobandis/Muawiyeen and their like minded groups.
See the picture of the Urdu translation of the related  page, and the cover of the book, in which it is  written that the book has been edited and added based on the interpretations and research  (تحقیق و تخریج کے ساتھ اضافہ شدہ ایڈیشن) by the people who are involved in this publication. 
 
When we see Gunniyatut Talibeen translated/edited/published by different people in different languages, we come across these differences as a routine.  This is the reason it is advised that we should read books written/compiled by authentic Ahle Sunnah scholars so that your Iman remains intact.  
 
(b) The Hadith does not specify that the Caliphate will last for 37 years.  It says that 'power of  Islam will be for 35, 36 or 37 years.

(c)
If we interpret this Hadith to include Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) rule into the Caliphate, then his entire 19 years rule has to be treated that way.  We cannot say that for 7 years he was Caliph and the remaining 12 years he was not a Caliph. 
 
(d) We have an authentic Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) Hadith which says that Khalifat-e-Rashida will remain  for 30 years.  

It is in Hadith - Safeena said : The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said: “Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that." Then Safinah said : "count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),' then count the Khilafah of Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and the Khilafah of Uthman ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), and the Khilafah of Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )."  He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years."  Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umayya claim that the Khilafah is among them.' Safeena said : the sons of the blue woman (nick name for Umawi Grandmother) are liars; they are  Kings of the worst kind". ( Sunan Abu Dawood 4646, Jami Tirmidhi 2226.  Salafi Scholar Al-Bani graded it as Saheeh).

 
(e) If we say Khilafat-e-Rashida was for 37 years, then we will have deny the above authentic Hadith. 
 
(f) How do we reconcile both these Ahadith to understand the facts in this context? 
 
To find the answer to this question, we need to  look at the Islamic History.
 
The Hadith mentioned in Ghuniyatut Talibeen says that the power of  Islam will last for 37 years.  We all know that Muslim kings ruled in the world for centuries.  Then, what is this 37 years which is mentioned in the Hadith? Apparently, this Hadith mentions about the purest Islamic Government/power which will last for 37 years.
 
Everyone knows that the power of  Islam was established towards the end of second Hijri when Muslims won the Battle of Badr in Ramadhan 2 AH (624 AD). This win marked the establishment of real Muslim Power.
 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) died in the beginning of 10 Hijri (12 Rabi I, 10 AH).  Meaning he was alive for about 7 years (after Badr) by which time Muslims continued their conquest of the entire Arabian Peninsula.
 
After Prophet Mohammad's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) death,  the Khilafat-e-Rashida (the purest Islamic rule) continued for the following 30 years.
 
Thus the power of (pure) Islam continued for 37 years straight;  first 7 years under Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and the following 30 years under Khulafa-e-Rashideen.
 
Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) deposed the Islamic Caliphate and became ruler of Islamic nation after abdication of Caliphate by Imam Hassan (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  Read more. 
 
Why Muawiyeen  say that  they are Ghulam Ibn Ghulam (غلام ابن غلام) of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)?
 
Obviously it is their love of Ahle Bait-e-Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and his progeny.   When we look at History, the only male descendant of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was his son Yazid Ibn Muawiya. Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) nominated him for Khilafa after him,  and made sure, in the last days of his life, that everyone accepts Yazid as their ruler. Probably Muawiyeen are referring to Muawiya's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) progeny (Yazid and his descendants) and claiming that they are the Ghulam (serf) of this progeny.
 
Why Muawiyeen conduct Seminars and Conferences in 'Defense of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and claim that they are defenders of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه)?
 
It is in Hadith Bukhari - Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )  claimed in front of a large gathering of Muslims that he is a better Khalifa than Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).

 

Thus, Muawiyeen are defending  the claim of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) to be better Khalifa-e-Rashid than Hadhrat  Umer (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).     

 

It is in Hadith - Narrated `Ikrima bin Khalid ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) : Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I went to (Ummul Momineen) Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) while water was dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The condition of the people is as you see, and no authority has been given to me.' Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) said, (to me), 'Go to them, and as they (the people) are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence from them will cause division among them.' "So Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) did not leave Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) till we went to them. When the people differed, Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he should show up and not conceal himself, for we are more rightful to be the Caliph than he (Ibn Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and his father ( Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )." On that, Habib bin Masalama ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said (to Ibn Umar -  رضئ الله تعالی عنه), "Why don't you reply to him (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )?" `Abdullah bin `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I untied my garment that was going round my back and legs while I was sitting and was about to say, He who fought against you (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and against your father (Abu Sufyan - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a Caliph", but I was afraid that my statement might cause differences among the people and cause bloodshed, and my statement might be interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet) remembering what Allah has prepared in the Gardens of Paradise (for those who prefer Hereafter over this worldly life)." Habib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "You did what kept you safe and secure".  (Bukhari 4108, Book 64, Chapter 29  Battle of Khandaq) 

 

It is reported that Imam Nasai (214-303 AH) (829-915 AD)  traveled to Damascus in 303 AH when he was 89 years old (as per lunar calendar). During this visit  he read in Umayyad Mosque Ahadith from his book Khasais-e-Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), which is the collection of Ahadith in praise of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).   

Picture

 

On hearing Ahadith in praise of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), Muawiyeen demanded him to read Ahadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  On this the Imam informed them that there is not a single authentic Hadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).

 

On hearing this from the Imam, Muawiyeen got angry and brutally assaulted him in the mosque.  The Imam was martyred in this brutal attack.  As per his dying wish, his body was brought by his students to Makka al-Mukarrama where he was buried. 

 
 
 
 
 
 
Picture shows the cover page of the book in Urdu written by a Muawiyeen scholar claiming Mauwiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to be Khalifa-e-Rashed.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Picture  
 
 
Needless to say that Muawiyeen are the followers of the small Group of people who heard and believed Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) at the time of his declaration that he is a better Khalifa than Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). Muawiyeen sect which started in the middle of the 1st century AH, still exists in the world and their followers seem to be increasing day after day.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
BARELWI MUAWIYEEN
 
 
It is reported that Aala Hadhrat  wrote in Fatawa Radhwiya, Vol. 29, page 277 and at other  places in his works that the status of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) among Sahabah is thousands and thousands stages below than Khulafa e Rashideen.
 
 
However, Barelwi Ulema and their followers are deeply divided on this issue.  Some have become Muawiyeen while others have remained with Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a. 
 
Barelwi Muawiyeen
 
Barelwi Muawiyeen  emphasize that over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہwas the practice of Aala Hadhrat as he has written 4 books and booklets in praise of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as follows:
 
(i) Al Bushra al 'Aajilah min Tuhaf 'Aajilah (Refutation of Shia beliefs about Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه  )

(ii) Arsh al Izaaz wa Ikraam li Awwal Muluk al Islam (In Praise of first Kingship in Islam )

(iii) Dhabb al-Ahwaa al-Wahiyyah fi Baab al-Ameer al-Muawiyyah (Answer to the revilers of Muawiya  رضئ الله تعالی عنه

(iv) Al-Ahadith al-Rawiyyah li Madh al-Amir al-Muawiyyah  (Ahadith in Praise of Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
Barelwi Muawiyeen are very vocal  in their resolve and claim that it was the mission of Aala Hadhrat to spread the greatness and love of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Muslims.  They consider Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashed and Ameer ul Momineen.   Some say it openly and some avoid saying it openly but they all seem to believe he was Khalifa-e-Rashed.  They proudly claim that since they are true flag bearers of Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat, they will keep this mission alive in the world. 
 
What is their mission in life?  It is obvious, they are the defenders of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and are adamant  to get themselves identified as a separate group 'Bralwi Muawiyeen'.  They claim  this is the real Maslak of Aala Hadhrat.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
BARELWI AHLE SUNNAH
 
 
Barelwi Ahle Sunnah say that their Grand Shaikh Aala Hadhrat always kept the distinction of Sahabah in mind and refrained from public over-glorification of  Muawiya  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) or equating him with  Khulafa-e-Rashideen. He believed that in the battle of Siffeen, Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on Haqq and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on mistake. Aala Hadhrat never said that both Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) were on Haqq in the battle of Siffeen as Barelwi Muawiyeen are drum beating and screaming from their throats these days.
 
Aala Hadhrat never conducted large public gatherings, Seminars, conferences etc., like Barelwi Muawiyeen are doing to over glorify Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). 
 
Barelwi Muawiyeen are using Aala Hadhrat name to justify their wrongful believes.   Watch the following  video clip.
 
 
 
 
 
Barelwi Ahle Sunnah  reject the claim of Barelwi Muawiyeen that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was Khalifa-e-Rashid.  They say that the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was 30 years and to include Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashid on par with other Khulafa-e-Rashideen is against the commandments of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and against the Aqeedah of Ahle Sunnah.   
 
Barelwi Ahle Sunnah emphasize that there are differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah Ulema about Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  An absolute majority of Ahle Sunnah Ulema say Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on Haq in his fight against Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  And those who fought against Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in Siffeen were rebels.  There is a specific Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim in this context. 
 
Some Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that Muawiya's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) mistakes were Ijtehadi.  It is mandatory for Muslims to respect opinions of all our Ulema.  Watch the following video clips.
 

 

 

Ulema-e-Muawiyeen misinterpret Quranic verses and Ahadith  to emphasize the importance of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) as Khalifa-e-Rashid.   

 

 

 

They proudly claim they are the defenders of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه )  in placing him equal in status with Khulafa-e-Rashideen.  

 

 

 

 

Generalized glorification of all Sahabah is a good deed, however it is important that we need to keep the whole picture in mind.  We cannot claim Mauwiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to be a Khalifa-e-Rashid.   No one from Ahle Sunnah has done so in the history of Islam, except the followers of Muawiyeen sect.  

 

 

Muawiya's (رضئ الله تعالی عنهGrave in Damascus, Syria.

 

 

It is sheer common sense that excessive over praise of   Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہcreates suspicion in the minds of the audience about the role of Hadhrat Ali, Hadhrat Hassan and Hadhrat Hussain (رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعین ).

  

 

 

Exclusive gatherings in praise of  Mauwiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) give wrong signals to people.  After listening to  over-board-commendation of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ), by Muawiyeen speakers people start looking down on the role of Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ );  meaning they  start treating Hadhrat Ali -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ  as less respectful than Mauwiya -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ).   

 

 

 

Books, lectures, videos and gatherings portraying   Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to be the restorer of Islamic faith indeed reduces the respect of Khulafa-e-Rashideen and pious members of Ahle Bait.

 

 

 

It looks Muawiyeen are sowing the seed of disrespect of Ahle Bait and Khulafa-e-Rashideen in the hearts of innocent Muslims.  This kind of gatherings and this kind of message causes widespread hate towards Ahle Bait.  The greatness, love and respect of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his Ahle Bait is part of our Iman.

 

 

 

SECTION (B)

 

AHLE SUNNAH AQEEDAH 

 

Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a, respect all 124,000 Sahabah, including Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ). We honor them all.  However, it is important that we understand historical facts in their proper perspective. We cannot falter in this respect.  If we falter, respect for Ahle Baite at-Haar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ) will vanish from our hearts, and  we will form some extreme opinions about them and will go astray. 

What are Sahih Iman priorities in this context? 

The answer is, you can glorify Khulafa-e-Rashideen or Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ).  As a matter of fact, whatever glorification you do about Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and Khulafa-e-Rashideen, it will amount to be a drop in the ocean of their greatness. No one can praise Khulafa-e-Rashideen enough as they are oceans of piety and greatest among human beings and Sahabah, next only to prophets.

What Khulafa e Rashideen did and what members of Ahle Bait did was "Haq".  They were right in their actions.  

Imam al-Manawi wrote:   أجمع فقهاء الحجاز والعراق من فريقي الحديث والرأي ، منهم مالك والشافعي وأبو حنيفة والأوزاعي والجمهور الأعظم من المتكلمين والمسلمين ، أن علياً مصيب في قتاله لأهل صفين كما هو مصيب في أهل الجمل ، وأن الذين قاتلوه بغاة ظالمون له    [There is Ijma of Fuqaha (Jurists) of Hijaz (Makka and Madina) and Iraq (Kufa and Basra), among them Imam Malik, Imam Shafi'i, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Awzai and majority of theologians and Muslims that,  Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was on Haq in his fight against the people of Siffeen and those who fought him were Oppressive Mutineers (Zaalim Baghis).]

[Reference - Imam al-Manawi (1545 - 1621), wrote in his book  Fayd al - Qadeer with reference to Imam Abdul Qahir al-Jurjani's (1007-1078) Aqeeda.]

Imam Mohammed Ibn Ismail al-Sana'ani said - "The Hadith of Ammar Yasir ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) is a proof that rebel party is Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and those in his party;  and the Party of truth is Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and his companions and there is Ijma of ahl al-sunna on this position". (Sharah Subul as-Salam upon bulugh al-maram of Imam Ibn Hajar Makki  V3, P 358)

Absolute majority of Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was on Haq in his fight.  However, some Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that Muawiya's ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) mistakes were Ijtehadi.  

We respect opinions of all our Ulema.   We also respect their differences of opinions. 

As far as we are concerned, we prefer to keep quite in Muawiya's ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) case.

 

AUTHENTIC HISTORY ACCOUNTS

All our Ulema have  consensus that  authentic Islamic history accounts confirm that Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) openly accepted Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to be better than him in all respects and deserved to be the Khalifa more than himself ( al-Bidaya wan-Nihaaya, vol 7 pages 129,259).

The famous Ahle Sunnah Imam al-Barzanji (1640-1703), the Chief Mufti of Madinah (buried in Jannat ul Baqi) wrote in his book "Ishrat al-Sa'a" as follows. It is reported that Aala Hadhrat respected  Imam Barzanji as a great Imam.  

"It was a false pretext of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to justify his fight with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) under the guise of revenge for the murder of Hadhrat Uthman ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) because when he completely attained the power and became ruler of the whole State, he never opened the case of the murder of Hadhrat Uthman ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and did not arrest the murderers though he claimed earlier that the killers were still around. This  proves that all his fight was for worldly rule under the deceit of revenge for the murder."  

Muslim scholars cite the following historical facts.

Before Hadhrat Ali's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) caliphate, there were many Sahabah  who acted differently in similar circumstances.  Like, Hadhrat Khaled bin Walid ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) never blamed the Khalifa of any wrong doing.  He never questioned the Caliph on certain decisions even if they were made against his wishes / recommendations.   He did not stage a rebellion or even objected when Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) removed him from the post of Commander of Muslim forces without giving any reason. For Hadhrat Khaled bin Walid ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), the job of commander of Chief of Muslim forces was so dear,  still he did not rebel and  lived as an example of piety and bravery.  He was never eager to become Khalifa even though he was popular among Muslims.  As a matter of fact he was a hero and role model for Muslims in view of his bravery and tactical successes on the battle field.  He never demanded that he be made Governor of the areas conquered by him. He was a big source of solidifying and strengthening the Islamic nation and remained a loyal/trusted Commander of Islamic State till his last breath.   

When Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was chosen as Khalifa, there was near anarchy in the Islamic State.  In order to bring back normalcy, Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) asked all Governors to formally resign from their positions. Later they could have been reshuffled or re-appointed again.  Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) refused to resign and staged a rebellion.  Ad-Dahabi wrote : About 60 to 70 thousand people died in the battle of Siffeen in which Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) fought against Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). This demonstrates what Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said about Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  ( Ammar bin Yasser Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim)

It is in Hadith - Ibn 'Abbas ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said to me and to his son Ali, "Go to Abu Sa'id ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and listen to what he narrates." So we went and found him in a garden looking after it.  He picked up his Rida', wore it and sat down and started narrating till the topic of the construction of the mosque reached. He said, "We were carrying one adobe at a time while 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was carrying two. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, "May Allah be Merciful to 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ). He will be killed by a rebellious, aggressive group. He will be inviting them to Paradise and they will invite him to Hell-fire." 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said, "I seek refuge with Allah from affliction." (Bukhari  447, Muslim 7320)

Hadhrat Ibn Umar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said - "I do not regret anything more than the fact that I did not fight against (Muawiya's - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) rebel Group.   (Ibn Abdul Barr  in  Al-Istiab ) 
 
It is narrrated in Hadith Bukhari that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) declared in front of a large gathering of Sahabah, Tabaeen and Muslims that he was more rightful to be the Khalifa  than Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  Read the following Hadith Bukhari. 
 
حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ وَأَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ طَاوُسٍ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ وَنَسْوَاتُهَا تَنْطُفُ، قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِ النَّاسِ مَا تَرَيْنَ، فَلَمْ يُجْعَلْ لِي مِنَ الأَمْرِ شَىْءٌ‏.‏ فَقَالَتِ الْحَقْ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَنْتَظِرُونَكَ، وَأَخْشَى أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي احْتِبَاسِكَ عَنْهُمْ فُرْقَةٌ‏.‏ فَلَمْ تَدَعْهُ حَتَّى ذَهَبَ، فَلَمَّا تَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ خَطَبَ مُعَاوِيَةُ قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمَ فِي هَذَا الأَمْرِ فَلْيُطْلِعْ لَنَا قَرْنَهُ، فَلَنَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِهِ مِنْهُ وَمِنْ أَبِيهِ‏.‏ قَالَ حَبِيبُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ فَهَلاَّ أَجَبْتَهُ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ فَحَلَلْتُ حُبْوَتِي وَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَقُولَ أَحَقُّ بِهَذَا الأَمْرِ مِنْكَ مَنْ قَاتَلَكَ وَأَبَاكَ عَلَى الإِسْلاَمِ‏.‏ فَخَشِيتُ أَنْ أَقُولَ كَلِمَةً تُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ الْجَمْعِ، وَتَسْفِكُ الدَّمَ، وَيُحْمَلُ عَنِّي غَيْرُ ذَلِكَ، فَذَكَرْتُ مَا أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ فِي الْجِنَانِ‏.‏ قَالَ حَبِيبٌ حُفِظْتَ وَعُصِمْتَ‏.‏ قَالَ مَحْمُودٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّزَّاقِ وَنَوْسَاتُهَا‏.

Narrated `Ikrima bin Khalid ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) : Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I went to (Ummul Momineen) Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) while water was dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The condition of the people is as you see, and no authority has been given to me.' Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) said, (to me), 'Go to them, and as they (the people) are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence from them will cause division among them.' "So Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) did not leave Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) till we went to them. When the people differed, Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he should show up and not conceal himself, for we are more rightful to be the Caliph than he (Ibn Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and his father ( Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )." On that, Habib bin Masalama ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said (to Ibn Umar -  رضئ الله تعالی عنه), "Why don't you reply to him (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )?" `Abdullah bin `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I untied my garment that was going round my back and legs while I was sitting and was about to say, He who fought against you (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and against your father (Abu Sufyan - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a Caliph", but I was afraid that my statement might cause differences among the people and cause bloodshed, and my statement might be interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet) remembering what Allah has prepared in the Gardens of Paradise (for those who prefer Hereafter over this worldly life)." Habib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "You did what kept you safe and secure".   (Bukhari 4108, Book 64, Chapter 29  Battle of Khandaq )

 
Distinction in the status among Sahabah is mandatory in Islam.  If you do not keep this distinction in mind, you have strayed, you have lost the right path of Islam.
 
Some people cite the following Hadith to equate all Sahabah in their status.

It is in Hadith -  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :"My Companions are like stars, whoever among them you use for guidance, you will be rightly guided.

The above Hadith is Weak (Dha'eef). Baihaqi in his book al-Makhdal, and Ibn Hajar in al-Kafi al-Shaf'fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Kashshaf (4:94) have stated that the above Hadith is narrated through many weak chains as follows:

(i) Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Musnad  Ibn Humayd 2-28.

(ii) Jabir Ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Daraqutni - Fada'il-e-Sahabah - 4-1778.  

(iii) Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Musnad al-Shihab - Qudai 2-275.   

(iv) Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - Baihaqi in Al-Madkhal 1-145.

(v) Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - Baihaqi in al-Madkhal 1-147.

(vi) Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - Ibn Hajr through Al-Bazzar in his book Takhlis al-Habr 2-191.   

However, many authentic Ahadith and Quranic verses confirm the merits of Sahabah. Therefore Hadith scholars agree that at least the contents of the above Hadith are sound.  In this context, the following issues are important. 

Ahle Sunnah Ulema are united (have consensus) that the Sahaba belong to the highest probity (udul) among people; in addition, their precision (dabt) can only be interpreted in the cases of conflicting narrations/reports of equal strength. 

Ibn Rajab wrote that the opinions of Abu Bakr ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and Umar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) have precedence over other Sahabah. 

Similarly the actions, opinions and the model of conduct of Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ), Hadhrat Hassan ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and Hadhrat Hussain ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) has precedence over the actions, opinions and the model of conduct of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ), Marwan and  Yazid ( لعنة الله عليه ).

Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali and Hassan ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعین ) were rightly guided Caliphs (Khulafa-e-Rashideen). Rightly guided Caliphate was ended by Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) as he became the founding King of a dynastic rule in Muslim History.  

Generalized praise of Sahabah is a good deed.  Hadith books are full of generalized praise of Sahabah and in some cases references of praise of individual Sahabah.  Where there were differences of opinions among Sahabah, particularly between Khulafa-e-Rashideen and an individual Sahabi which resulted in killing of hundreds of thousands of Sahabah, Taba'een and Muslims, it is a good idea that while we praise the Khulafa-e-Rashideen, we keep quiet about the Sahabi who deposed rightly guided Khulafa. It is also our Iman that if we had lived during that time in Hijaz, we would have fought Siffeen alongside Khalifa-e-Rashid, Amir-ul-Momineen Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).      

Muawiyeen refer to certain accomplishments of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) after he deposed Rashidun Caliphate.  Like he build a strong Navy and broke the hold of Byzantine Empire in the eastern Mediterranean. He modernized the army and expanded Umayyed empire in all directions. Certain administrative reforms were also undertaken during Muawiya's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) monarchy. 

It is our Iman that if Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was allowed to continue as Khalifa,   he would have done a better job than Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  All Sahabah and entire Islamic Ummah are unanimous that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a great administrator and Jurist (Faqih). He was the adviser of all three Khulafa-e-Rashideen before him  under whom the Islamic state was solidified and expanded extensively.

Islam's continuance in its original form even today is greatly because of the sacrifices of Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), his sons and other members of Ahle Bait.  They sacrificed their lives to keep the purity of  Islam from worldly politics. We the Muslims of the world are greatly indebted to the Ahle Bait-e-Rasool ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).  They showed us the right path and set an example of piety and bravery.

  

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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