CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

  

 SAHIH AL- MU'ATTA

 

VOLUME (1.2)

  

BOOK # 3 - PRAYER

 كتاب الصلاة

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي النِّدَاءِ لِلصَّلاَةِ

What has come for the call to prayer

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 3, Hadith # 001
حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ خَشَبَتَيْنِ يُضْرَبُ بِهِمَا لِيَجْتَمِعَ النَّاسُ لِلصَّلاَةِ فَأُرِيَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ ثُمَّ مِنْ بَنِي الْحَارِثِ بْنِ الْخَزْرَجِ خَشَبَتَيْنِ فِي النَّوْمِ فَقَالَ إِنَّ هَاتَيْنِ لَنَحْوٌ مِمَّا يُرِيدُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقِيلَ أَلاَ تُؤَذِّنُونَ لِلصَّلاَةِ فَأَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حِينَ اسْتَيْقَظَ فَذَكَرَ لَهُ ذَلِكَ فَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالأَذَانِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had wanted to take two pieces of wood to strike them together to gather people for the prayer, and Abdullah ibn Zayd al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), then of the tribe of Harith ibn al-Khazraj, was shown two pieces of wood in his sleep. He said, 'These are close to what the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wants.' Then it was said, 'Do you not call to the prayer?', so when he woke up he went to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and mentioned the dream to him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)   ordered the Adhan."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ata ibn Yazid al-Laythi from Abu Said al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When you hear the Adhan, repeat what the Muadhdhin (Caller)  says."

Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the mawla of Abu Bakr ibn Abd ar-Rahman, from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "If people knew what was in the Adhan and the first row of the prayer and could only draw lots for it, they would draw lots. And if they knew what was in doing Dhuhr early, they would race each other to it. And if they knew what was in Isha and Subh (Fajr), they would go to them even if they had to crawl."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Yaqub from his father and Ishaq ibn Abdullah that they informed him that they heard Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, 'When the Iqama is called for prayer, do not come to it running, but come with calmness. Pray what you catch and complete what you miss. You are in prayer as long as your aim is the prayer. "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd arRahman ibn Abdullah ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abu Sasaca al-Ansari, and later al-Mazini, that his father told him that Abu Said al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had said to him, "I see that you love sheep and the desert. When you are among your sheep or in your desert, call the prayer and raise your voice in the Adhan, because I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, 'No jinn or man or anything within range hears the voice of the Muadhdhin except that it bears witness for him on the day of rising.' "

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu az-Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When the call to prayer is made Satan retreats, passing wind, so that he will not hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back, until, when the Iqama is said, he retreats again. When the Iqama is completed, he comes back, until he comes between a man and his self and says, 'Think of such and such, think of such and such,' which he was not thinking about before, until the man does not know how much he has prayed."

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Hazim ibn Dinar that Sahl ibn Sad as-Saidi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "There are two times when the gates of heaven are opened, and few who make supplication have it returned to them unanswered. They are at the time of the Adhan, and in a rank of people fighting in the way of Allah."

Imam Malik was asked whether the Adhan on the day of Jumu'a was called before the time had come for the prayer?  He said, 'it is not called until after the sun has passed the meridian.'

Imam Malik was asked about doubling the Adhan and the Iqama, and at what point people had to stand when the Iqama for the prayer was called. He said, 'I have heard nothing about the Adhan and Iqama except what I have seen people do. As for the Iqama, it is not doubled. That is what the people of knowledge in our region continue to do. As for people standing up when the Iqama for the prayer is called, I have not heard of any definite point at which it is begun, and I consider it rather to be according to people's (individual) capacity, for some people are heavy and some are light, and they are not able to be as one man .'

Imam Malik was asked about a gathering of people who wished to do the prescribed prayer calling the Iqama and not the Adhan, and he said, 'lt is enough for them. The Adhan is only obligatory in mosques where the prayer is said in congregation.'

Imam Malik was asked about the Muadhdhin saying 'Peace be upon you' to the Imam and calling him to the prayer, and he was asked who was the first person to whom such a greeting was made. He replied, 'I have not heard that this greeting occurred in the first community.'

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether a Muadhdhin who called the people to prayer and then waited to see if anyone would come and no one did, so he said the Iqama and did the prayer by himself and then people came after he had finished, should repeat the prayer with them. Malik said, 'He does not repeat the prayer, and whoever comes after he has finished should do the prayer by himself.'

Yahya said that Malik was asked about a Muadhdhin who called the Adhan for a group of people, did voluntary prayers, and then the group of people wanted to do the prayer with some one else saying the Iqama. He said, 'There is no harm in that. His Iqama or somebody else's are the same.'

Yahya said that Malik said, 'The Fajr prayer is still called before dawn. As for the other prayers, we believe that they should only be called after the time has started.'


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that the Muadhdhin came to Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to call him to the Fajr prayer and found him sleeping, so he said, "Prayer is better than sleep," and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) ordered him to put that in the Adhan for Fajr .


Yahya related to me from Malik from his paternal uncle Abu Suhayl ibn Malik that his uncle's father said, "I recognize nothing nowadays of what I saw the Sahabah doing except the call to prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) heard the Iqama while he was in Baqi, so he increased his pace of walking to the mosque.

 

CHAPTER (2)

باب النِّدَاءِ فِي السَّفَرِ وَعَلَى غَيْرِ وُضُوءٍ

Adhan during a Journey and without Wudu

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called the Adhan on a cold and windy night and included the phrase, 'Do the prayer in shelter.' Then he said, 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to order the Muadhdhin to say, 'Do the prayer in shelter' when it was a cold, rainy night '

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that on a journey Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did no more than the Iqama, except for Fajr, when he called both the Adhan and the Iqama. Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "The Adhan is for an Imam whom people join ."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said to him, "When you are on a journey you can, if you wish, call the Adhan and the Iqama, or, if you wish, the Iqama and not the Adhan."

Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "There is no harm in a man calling the adhan while riding."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Said ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "Whoever prays on water less, desolate land, an angel prays on his right and an angel prays on his left. When he calls both the Adhan and the Iqama for the prayer, or calls out the Iqama, angels like mountains pray behind him."

 

CHAPTER (3)

باب قَدْرِ السُّحُورِ مِنَ النِّدَاءِ

The duration of the meal before Dawn (Suhoor) in relation to Adhan

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar from Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan whilst it is still night so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan in the night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan." Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was a blind man who did not call the Adhan until someone said to him that the morning has come. The morning has come.'

 

CHAPTER (4)

باب افْتِتَاحِ الصَّلاَةِ

The opening of the prayer

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah from Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  used to raise his hands to the level of his shoulders when he began the prayer and when he raised his head from the Ruku he raised them in the same way, saying, "Allah hears whoever praises him, our Lord and praise belongs to You." He did not raise them in the Sujud.

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that AIi ibn Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say, 'Allah is greater' whenever he lowered himself and raised himself, and he continued to pray like that until he met Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) ."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Sulayman ibn Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to raise his hands in the prayer.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abu Salama ibn Abdar-Rahman ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to lead them in prayer and would say "Allah is great" whenever he lowered himself and raised himself. When he had finished he would say, "By Allah, I am the person whose prayer most resembles the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say "Allah is great" in the prayer whenever he lowered himself and raised himself.

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to raise his hands to the level of his shoulders when he began the prayer and when he raised his head from the ruku he would raise them less than that.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Nuaym Wahb ibn Kaysan that Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to teach them the takbir in the prayer. Abu Nuaym said, "He used to tell us to say 'Allah is great' whenever we lowered or raised ourselves."


Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "When a man catches the raka he says, 'Allah is great' once, and that takbir is enough for him." Malik added, "That is if he intended to begin the prayer by that takbir "

Imam Malik was asked about a man who began with the Imam but forgot the opening takbir and the takbir of the ruku until he had done one raka. Then he remembered that he had not said the takbir at the opening nor in the ruku,so he said the takbir in the second raka. He said, "I prefer that he start his prayer again, but if he forgets the opening takbir with the Imam and says the takbir in the first ruku, I consider that enough for him if he intends by it the opening takbir."

Imam Malik said, about some one who prayed by himself and forgot the opening takbir, "He begins his prayer afresh ."

Imam Malik said, about an Imam who forgot the opening takbir until he had finished his prayer, "I think that he should do the prayer again, and those behind him, even if they have said the takbir."

 

CHAPTER (5)

باب الْقِرَاءَةِ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ وَالْعِشَاءِ

The recitation of Quran and Maghrib and Isha Salah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mutim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said, 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite Sura at-Tur in the Maghrib prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Utba ibn Masud from Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Umm al- Fadl bint al-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) heard him reciting al Sura al-Mursalat  and she said to him, "My son, you have reminded me by reciting this sura that it was what I last heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite in the Maghrib prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Ubayd, the Mawla of Sulayman ibn Abd al-Malik, from Ubada ibn Nusayy from Qays ibn al Harith that Abu Abdullah as-Sunabihi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'I arrived in Madina in the Caliphate of Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and I prayed Maghrib behind him. He recited the Umm al Qur'an (Sura Fatiha) and two Suras from the shorter ones of the Mufassal in the first two Raka. Then he stood up in the third and I drew so near to him that my clothes were almost touching his clothes. I heard him reciting the Umm al-Qur'an and this verse - رَبَّنَا لاَ تُزِغْ قُلُوبَنَا بَعْدَ إِذْ هَدَيْتَنَا وَهَبْ لَنَا مِنْ لَدُنْكَ رَحْمَةً إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْوَهَّابُ , [ Our Lord, do not make our hearts go astray after You have guided us, and give us mercy from Your presence.  Surely You are the Giver. ] (Aal-e-Imran - 8)

 

Explanation

Al-Mufassal refers to the short surahs of Quran.  There are differences of opinions among the 4 schools of thoughts in this context.

Hanafis consider long Suras of Mufassal start from al-Hujuraat and end with al-Burooj.  The medium surahs begin  from at-Tariq and end with al-Bayyinah. The short soorahs begin from az-Zalzalah  and end with an-Naas.

Malikis say, long Surahs of al-Mufassal start with al-Hujuraat and end with an-Naazi‘aat; the medium surahs begin with Abasa and end with al-Duha; and the short surahs begin with ad-Duha, until the end of the Quran. 

Shafiis say long surahs of al-Mufassal are surahs such as al-Hujuraat, al-Qamar and ar-Rahmaan; the medium surahs are ash-Shams and al-Layl; and the short surahs are al-Asr and al-Ikhlaas. 

Hanbalis say al-Mufassal starts with Surah Qaaf, because of the following Hadith.

Aws ibn Hudhayfah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I asked the companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how they divided Quran? They said, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and Hizb al-Mufassal. (This refers to the number of surahs in each hizb or portion of Quran. The first hizb contains the first three surahs, the second contains the next five surahs, and so on.  Hizb al-Mufassal is the last portion of the Quran, from Sura Qaaf until the end).  (Abu Dawood, Ibn Maja)


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite in all four rakah as when he prayed alone;  in every raka the umm-ul-Qur'an (Sura Fatiha) and another sura from the Qur'an. Sometimes he would recite two or three suras in one raka in the obligatory prayer. Similarly, he recited the umm al-Qur'an and two suras in the first two rakas of Maghrib.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Adi ibn Thabit al-Ansari that al-Barra ibn Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I prayed Isha with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and he recited Sura at-Tin  in it."

 

CHAPTER (6)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ

Behavior in the recitation

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Ibrahim ibn Abdullah ibn Hunayn from his father from Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade wearing the Qassi (an Egyptian garment striped with silk), wearing gold rings, and reciting Qur'an in ruku.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn al Harith at-Taymi from Abu Hazim at-Tammar from al Bayadi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to the people while they were praying and their voices were raised in the recitation. He said, 'When you pray you are talking confidentially to your Lord. So look to what you confide to Him, and do not say the Qur'an out loud so that others hear it.'

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Humayd at-Tawil that Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I stood behind Abu Bakr and Umar and Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) and none of them used to recite 'In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate' when they began the prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik from his paternal uncle Abu Suhayl ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said, "We heard the recitation of Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when we were at the home of Abu Jahmin al-Balat (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)." (Al-Balat was a place in Madina between the mosque and the market.)


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that when Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) missed anything of the prayer in which the Imam recited out loud, he would stand up when the Imam had said the taslim and recite what he owed out loud to himself.


Yahya related to me from Malik that Yazid ibn Ruman said, "I used to pray next to Nafi ibn Jubayr ibn Mutim and he would nudge me to prompt him while we were praying."

 

 

CHAPTER (7)

باب الْقِرَاءَةِ فِي الصُّبْحِ

Recitation in the Fajr Salah

 


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his father that Abu Bakr Siddique (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) prayed Fajr and recited Sura al-Baqara in the two rak'ah.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father heard Abdullah ibn Amir ibn Rabia (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "We prayed Fajr behind Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he recited Sura Yusuf  and Sura al-Hajj slowly.' I (Hisham's father) said, "By Allah, then it must have been his habit to get up at the crack of dawn." He said, "Of course."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said and Rabia ibn Abi Abdur Rahman from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad that al Furafisa ibn Umayral-Hanafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I learned Sura Yusuf  from the recitation of it by Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in the Fajr prayer because of the great number of times he repeated it to us.'


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite the first ten Suras of the Mufassal in the Fajr prayer, and on a journey he would recite the Ummal-Qur'an (Sura al-Fatiha) and a Sura in every Raka.

 

CHAPTER (8)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي أُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ

What has come in the Ummul Quran

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Yaqub that Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Mawla of Amir ibn Kuraz (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called to Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) while he was praying. When Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had finished his prayer he joined the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) put his hand upon his hand, and he was intending to leave by the door of the mosque, so the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), said, "I hope that you will not leave the mosque until you know a Sura,   the like of it,  Allah has not sent down in the Tawrah nor in the Injeel nor in the Qur'an." Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I began to slow down my pace in the hope of that (the Prophet ﷺ will tell me about it). Then (after a while) I said, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Sura you promised me!'  He said, 'What do you recite when you begin the prayer?' I recited الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ   (Surah al-Fatiha) until I came to the end of it, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) 'It is this Sura, and it is the "seven oft-repeated (verses)" and the Great Qur'an which I was given.' "


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Nuaym Wahb ibn Kaysan that he heard Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "Someone who prays a raka without reciting the Umm-ul-Qur'an in it has not done the prayer,  except behind an Imam."

 

CHAPTER (9)

باب الْقِرَاءَةِ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ فِيمَا لاَ يَجْهَرُ فِيهِ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ

Reciting to oneself behind the Imam when he does not recite loud

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Ya'qub that he heard Abu Sa'ib, the Mawla of Hisham ibn Zuhra, say that he had heard Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, 'Whoever prays a prayer without reciting the Umm-ul-Qur'an in it, his prayer is aborted, it is aborted, it is aborted, incomplete.' So I said, 'Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), sometimes I am behind the Imam.'He pulled my forearm and said, 'Recite it to yourself, O Persian, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  say that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said, "I have divided the prayer into two halves between me and my servant. One half of it is for Me and one half of it is for my servant, and My servant has what he asks."  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says,  'Recite.' The servant says, 'Praise be to AIIah, the Lord of the Worlds.'  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, 'My servant has praised Me.' The servant says, 'The Merciful, the Compassionate.' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, 'My servant has spoken well of Me.' The servant says, 'Master of the Day of Judgement.' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, 'My servant has glorified Me.' The servant says, 'You alone we worship and You alone we ask for help.  'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, 'This verse is between Me and My servant, and for My servant is what he asks. 'The servant says, 'Guide us in the straight Path, the Path of those whom You have blessed, not of those with whom You are angry, nor those who are in error. ' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says, 'These are for My servants, and for my servant is what he asks.'


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father used to recite behind the Imam when the Imam did not recite aloud.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said and from Rabia ibn Abi Abdur Rahman that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite behind the Imam when the imam did not recite aloud.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Ruman that Nafi ibn Jubayr ibn Mutim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite behind the Imam when he did not recite aloud .  Malik said, "That is most preferable to me of what I have heard about this issue."

 

CHAPTER (10)

باب تَرْكِ الْقِرَاءَةِ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ فِيمَا جَهَرَ فِيهِ

Not reciting behind the Iman when he recites aloud

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), when asked if anyone should recite behind an Imam, said, "When you pray behind an Imam then the recitation of the Imam is enough for you and when you pray on your own you must recite." Nafi added, "Abdullah ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used not to recite behind the Imam."

Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "The position with us is that the person behind the Imam recites when the Imam does not recite aloud and he refrains from reciting when the Imam recites aloud."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ibn Ukayma al-Laythi from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished a prayer in which he had recited aloud and asked, "Did any of you recite with me just now?" One man said, "Yes, I did, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)." The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "I was saying to myself, 'why am I distracted from the Qur'an?' " When the people heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say that, they refrained from reciting with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he recited aloud.

 

CHAPTER (11)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّأْمِينِ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ

Saying Ameen behind the Iman

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Sa'id ibn al- Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Abu Salama ibn Abdur Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When the Imam says 'Ameen', say 'Ameen', for the one whose 'Ameen' coincides with the 'Ameen' of the angels, his previous wrong actions are forgiven."

Ibn Shihab said, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say 'Aameen' (extending it)."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the Mawla of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from Abu Salih as Samman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When the Imam has said, 'not of those with whom You are angry nor of those who are in error,' say 'Ameen', for the previous wrong actions of the one whose utterance coincides with that of the angels, are forgiven him."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When one of you says 'Ameen' and the angels in the sky say 'Ameen' so that one coincides with the other, his previous wrong actions are forgiven him."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When the Imam says, 'Allah hears whoever praises Him,' say 'O Allah! Our Lord, praise be to You, 'for the previous wrong actions done by the one whose utterance coincides with that of the angels are forgiven."

 

CHAPTER (12)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي الْجُلُوسِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

Behavior in the sitting during the prayer

 

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muslim ibn Abi Maryam that AIi ibn Abdur Rahman al-Muawi said, "Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw me playing with some small pebbles during the prayer. When I finished he forbade me, saying, 'Do as the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did.' I said, 'What  did Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) do?' He said, 'When he sat in the prayer, he placed his right hand on his right thigh and he closed his fist and pointed his index finger, and he placed his left hand on his left thigh. That is what he used to do.'


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar that he had seen Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with a man praying at his side. When the man sat in the fourth raka, he put both feet to one side and crossed them. When Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) finished, he disapproved of that to him, and the man protested, "But you do the same." Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I am ill."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Sadaqa ibn Yasar that al- Mughira ibn Hakim saw Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) sit back from the two sajdas of the prayer onto the top of his feet. When he had finished, al- Mughira mentioned it to him, and Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) explained, "It is not a Sunna of the prayer. I do it because I am ill."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that he used to see Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) cross his legs in the sitting position of the prayer. He said, "So I did the same, and I was young at that time. Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) forbade me and said, 'The Sunna of the prayer is that you keep your right foot vertical and lay your left foot down.' I said to him, 'But you do the same (as I did).' He said, 'My feet do not support me.' 


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad showed them how to sit in the tashahhud, and he kept his right foot vertical and laid his left foot down, and sat on his left haunch not on his foot. Then he said, "Abdullah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw me doing this and related to me that his father used to do the same thing."

 

CHAPTER (13)

باب التَّشَهُّدِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

Tashahud in Salah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibn az- Zubayr from Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abd al-Qari that he heard Umar ibn al- Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, while he was teaching people the tashahhud from the mimbar -  التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ  [ Say, Greetings belong to Allah. Pure actions belong to Allah. Good words and prayers belong to Allah. Peace on you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and on the servants of Allah who are Salihun. I testify that there is no god except Allah. And I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Apostle.]


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say the tashahhud saying -  بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ شَهِدْتُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ شَهِدْتُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ   [ In the name of Allah. Greetings belong to Allah. Prayers belong to Allah. Pure actions belong to Allah. Peace be on the Prophet and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be on us and on the servants of Allah who are Salihun. I testify that there is no god except Allah. I testify that MOhammad is the Apostle of Allah.]

He used to say this after the first two rakas and he would make supplication with whatever seemed fit to him when the tashahhud was completed. When he sat at the end of the prayer, he did the tashahhud in a similar manner, except that after the tashahhud he made supplication with whatever seemed fit to him. When he had completed the tashahhud and intended to say the taslim, he said - السَّلاَمُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ  [ Peace be on the Prophet and His mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are Salihun. He then said, "Peace be upon you" to his right, and would return the greeting to the Imam, and if anyone said "Peace be upon you" from his left he would return the greeting to him.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdur Rahman ibn al-Qasim from his father that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) used to say in the tashahhud -  التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏.‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏ [ Greetings, good words, prayers, pure actions belong to Allah. I testify that there is no god except Allah, alone without partner, and that Mohammad is His servant and His Apostle. Peace be on you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be on us and on the slaves of Allah who are Salihun. Peace be upon you.]

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said al-Ansari that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) used to say in the tashahhud - التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الزَّاكِيَاتُ لِلَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏  [ Greetings, good words, prayers, pure actions belong to Allah. I testify that there is no god except Allah, alone without partner, and I testify that Muhammad is the slave of Allah and His Messenger. Peace be upon you, Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and His blessings. Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are salihun . Peace be upon you . ]

 


Yahya related to me from Malik that he asked Ibn Shihab and Nafi, the mawla of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), whether a man who joined an Imam who had already done a raka should say the tashahhud with the Imam in the second and fourth rakas, even though these were odd for him? They said, "He should say tashahhud with him."

Imam Malik said, "That is the position with us."

 

 

CHAPTER (14)

باب مَا يَفْعَلُ مَنْ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ قَبْلَ الإِمَامِ

What to do if one raises one's head before the Imam

 


Yahya related to me from Malik from Mohammad ibn Amr ibn AIqama from Malik ibn Abdullah as-Sadi that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "The one who raises his head (from Sajda) and lowers it before the Imam (for Sajda), his forelock is in the hand of a Devil'

Malik said, concerning someone who forgot and raised his head before the Imam in ruku or sujud, "The sunna of that is to return to bowing or prostrating and not to wait for the Imam to come up. What he has done is a mistake, because the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'The Imam is appointed to be followed as a leader, so do not oppose him.' Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'The one who raises his head and lowers it before the Imam - his forelock is in the hand of a Devil.' "

 

CHAPTER (15)

باب مَا يَفْعَلُ مَنْ سَلَّمَ مِنْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ سَاهِياً

What to do if in forgetfulness one if one says the Taslim after two Rakah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Abi Tamima as- Sakhtayani from Mohammad ibn Sirin from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished the prayer after two raka and Dhu'l-Yadayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "Has the prayer been shortened or have you forgotten, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)?" The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Has Dhu'l-Yadayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) spoken the truth?" The people said, "Yes," and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  stood and prayed the other two raka and then said, "Peace be upon you." Then he said, "Allah is greater" and went into a Sadja as long as his usual prostrations or longer. Then he came up and said, "Allah is greater" and went into a Sajda as long as his usual prostrations or longer and then came up.

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Da'ud ibn al-Husayn that Abu Sufyan, the mawla of Ibn Abi Ahmad, said that he heard Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed Asr and said the taslim after two rakas. Dhu'l-Yadayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood up and said, 'Has the prayer been shortened, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), or have you forgotten?' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up and completed what remained of the prayer, and then, remaining sitting after saying the taslim, he made two prostrations."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Abu Bakr ibn Sulayman ibn Abi Hathma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I have heard that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed two raka of one of the two day time prayers, Dhuhr or Asr, and said the taslim after two rakas. Dhu'sh-Shamalayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, 'Has the prayer been shortened, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), or have you forgotten?' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, 'The prayer has not been shortened and I have not forgotten.' Dhu'sh Shamalayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'It was certainly one of those, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked the people and said, 'Has Dhu'sh Shamalayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) spoken the truth?' They said, 'Yes, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),' and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) completed what remained of the prayer, and then said, 'Peace be upon you.' 


Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Said ibn al- Musayyab, and from Abu Salama ibn Abdur Rahman, the same as that.

Imam Malik said, "Every forgetfulness which decreases from the prayer, prostrations for it come before the greeting, and every forgetfulness which is an addition to the prayer, prostrations for it come after the greeting."

 

CHAPTER (16)

باب إِتْمَامِ الْمُصَلِّي مَا ذَكَرَ إِذَا شَكَّ فِي صَلاَتِهِ

Completing what is recalled when uncertain how much has been prayed. 

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "If you are uncertain in the prayer and do not know whether you have prayed three or four raka, then pray a raka and make two prostrations from the sitting position before the taslim. If the raka that you prayed was the fifth, then you make it even by these two sajdas, and if it was the fourth, then the two prostrations spite Shaytan."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Umar ibn Muhammad ibn Zayd from Salim ibn Abdullah that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "If you are uncertain in the prayer, estimate what you think you have forgotten of the prayer and repeat it, then do the two sajdas of forgetfulness from the sitting position."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Afif ibn Amr as-Sahmi that Ata ibn Yasar said, "I asked Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-As (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Kab al-Ahbar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about someone who was uncertain in his prayer, and did not know whether he had prayed three or four rakas. Both of them said, 'He should pray another raka and then do two sajdas from the sitting position.' "


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), when questioned about forgetfulness in the prayer, said, "If you think that you have forgotten part of the prayer, then pray it."

 

CHAPTER (17)

باب مَنْ قَامَ بَعْدَ الإِتْمَامِ أَوْ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ

What to do if one stands after the completion of the prayer or two Rakah 

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from al-Araj that Abdullah ibn Buhayna (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed two raka with us and then stood without sitting and the people stood with him. When he had finished the prayer and we had seen him say the taslim, he said 'Allah is greater' and did two sajdas from the sitting position and then said the taslim again."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Abdur  Rahman ibn Hurmuz that Abdullah ibn Buhayna (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed Dhuhr with us and he stood straight up after two raka without sitting. When he had finished the prayer, he did two sajdas and then said the taslim after that."

Imam Malik said, concerning someone who forgot in his prayer and stood up after he had completed four rakas and recited and then went into ruku and then, when he raised his head from ruku, remembered that he had already completed (his prayer), "He returns to a sitting position and does not do any sajda. If he has already done one sajda I do not think he should do the other. Then when his prayer is finished he does two sajdas from the sitting position after saying the taslim."

 

CHAPTER (18)

باب النَّظَرِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ إِلَى مَا يَشْغَلُكَ عَنْهَا

Looking in the prayer at what distracts you from it

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from AIqama ibn Abi AIqama from his mother that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  said, "Abu Jahm ibn Hudhayfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) gave the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) a fine striped garment from Syria and he did the prayer in it. When he had finished he said, 'Give this garment back to Abu Jahm (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). I looked at its stripes in the prayer and they almost distracted me.'

 

Malik related to me from Hisham ibn Urwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his father that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  wore a fine striped garment from Syria, and then gave it to Abu Jahm (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and took a plain, rough, garment in return. Abu Jahm (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked, "Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Why?" He said, "I looked at its stripes in the prayer."

 

Malik related to me from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr that Abu Talha al- Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was praying in his garden when a wild pigeon flew in and began to fly to and fro trying to find a way out. The sight was pleasing to him and he let his eyes follow the bird for a time and then he went back to his prayer but could not remember how much he had prayed. He said, "A trial has befallen me in this property of mine." So he came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and mentioned the trial that had happened to him in his garden and said, "Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), it is a Sadaqa for Allah, so dispose of it wherever you wish."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man from the Ansar was praying in a garden of his in Quff, one of the valleys of Madina, during the date season and the palms' branches were weighed down with fruit on all sides. He looked at them and what he saw of their fruits amazed him. Then he went back to his prayer and he did not know how much he had prayed. He said, "A trial has befallen me in this property of mine." So he went to Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was the khalifa at the time, and mentioned it to him and said, "It is sadaqa, so give it away in the paths of good." Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) sold it for fifty thousand and so that property became known as the Fifty.

 

 

  

BOOK # 4 - FORGETFULNESS IN PRAYER

 كتاب السهو

 

CHAPTER

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي السَّهْوِ

What to do if one forgets in prayer 

 
Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 001

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ إِذَا قَامَ يُصَلِّي جَاءَهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَبَسَ عَلَيْهِ حَتَّى لاَ يَدْرِي كَمْ صَلَّى فَإِذَا وَجَدَ ذَلِكَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abu Salama ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Awf from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When you stand in prayer, Shaytan comes to you and confuses you until you do not know how much you have prayed. If you find that happening do two sajdas from the sitting position."

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 002 

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنِّي لأَنْسَى أَوْ أُنَسَّى لأَسُنَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "I forget or I am made to forget so that I may establish the Sunna."

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 003

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ الْقَاسِمَ بْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ فَقَالَ إِنِّي أَهِمُ فِي صَلاَتِي فَيَكْثُرُ ذَلِكَ عَلَىَّ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ الْقَاسِمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ امْضِ فِي صَلاَتِكَ فَإِنَّهُ لَنْ يَذْهَبَ عَنْكَ حَتَّى تَنْصَرِفَ وَأَنْتَ تَقُولُ مَا أَتْمَمْتُ صَلاَتِي ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man questioned al-Qasim ibn Muhammad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying, "My imagination works in the prayer, and it happens to me a lot." Al-Qasim ibn Mohammad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "Go on with your prayer, for it will not go away from you until you go away saying, 'I have not completed my prayer.'

 

 

 

BOOK # 5 - JUMU'A

 كتاب الجمعة

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي غُسْلِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ

Taking bath on the day of Jumua 
 
 
Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 001
 
حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ سُمَىٍّ، مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ السَّمَّانِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنِ اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ غُسْلَ الْجَنَابَةِ ثُمَّ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الأُولَى فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَدَنَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَقَرَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ كَبْشًا أَقْرَنَ وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ دَجَاجَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الْخَامِسَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَيْضَةً فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الإِمَامُ حَضَرَتِ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the mawla of Abu Bakr ibn Abd ar-Rahman, from Abu Salih as-Sammani from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "If someone does ghusl for major ritual impurity on the day of Jumua and then goes in the first part of the time, it is as if he had offered up a camel. If he goes in the second part of the time, it is as if he had offered up a cow. If he goes in the third part of the time, it is as if he had offered up a horned ram. If he goes in the fourth part of the time, it is as if he had offered up a hen. If he goes in the fifth part of the time, it is as if he had offered up an egg. And when the Imam comes out, the angels settle down listening to the Dhikr (remembrance of Allah)."

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ غُسْلُ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُحْتَلِمٍ كَغُسْلِ الْجَنَابَةِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "Doing ghusl as prescribed for major ritual impurity is incumbent (wajib) on the day of Jumua on every male who has reached puberty."

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 003

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ دَخَلَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَسْجِدَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَعُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ يَخْطُبُ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ أَيَّةُ سَاعَةٍ هَذِهِ فَقَالَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ انْقَلَبْتُ مِنَ السُّوقِ فَسَمِعْتُ النِّدَاءَ فَمَا زِدْتُ عَلَى أَنْ تَوَضَّأْتُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ وَالْوُضُوءَ أَيْضًا وَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَأْمُرُ بِالْغُسْلِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Salim ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "One of the companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came into the mosque on the day of Jumua and Umar ibn al Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was already giving the Khutba. Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'What (kind of) time is this (to arrive)?' He said, Amir al-Mominin, I returned from the market and heard the call to prayer, so I did no more than do Wudu.' Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'You only did Wudu as well? You know that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  used to tell people to do ghusl.'

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 004

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ غُسْلُ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُحْتَلِمٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Safwan ibn Sulaym from Ata ibn Yasar from Abu Said al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Ghusl on the day of Jumua is incumbent on every male who has reached puberty."

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 005

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْجُمُعَةَ فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, "When you come to Jumua, do ghusl."

Imam Malik said, "It is not enough for someone to do a ghusl on the day of Jumua and intend by it the ghusl for Jumua unless he does the ghusl and then sets off. That is because the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said in the Hadith related by Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), 'When you come to Jumua, do ghusl .' "

Imam Malik said, "If someone does ghusl on the day of Jumua and intends by it the ghusl of the day of Jumua and then sets out, whether early or late, and does something which breaks his Wudu, he only has to do Wudu and his ghusl remains valid for him."

 

CHAPTER (2)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الإِنْصَاتِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ

Paying attention when Imam is giving Khutba on the day of Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 006

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا قُلْتَ لِصَاحِبِكَ أَنْصِتْ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَدْ لَغَوْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, "Even saying to your companion 'Listen' while the Imam is giving the khutba on the day of Jumua, is to speak foolishly."

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 007

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ ثَعْلَبَةَ بْنِ أَبِي مَالِكٍ الْقُرَظِيِّ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُمْ، كَانُوا فِي زَمَانِ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ يُصَلُّونَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ عُمَرُ فَإِذَا خَرَجَ عُمَرُ وَجَلَسَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ وَأَذَّنَ الْمُؤَذِّنُونَ - قَالَ ثَعْلَبَةُ - جَلَسْنَا نَتَحَدَّثُ فَإِذَا سَكَتَ الْمُؤَذِّنُونَ وَقَامَ عُمَرُ يَخْطُبُ أَنْصَتْنَا فَلَمْ يَتَكَلَّمْ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ فَخُرُوجُ الإِمَامِ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ وَكَلاَمُهُ يَقْطَعُ الْكَلاَمَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Thalaba ibn Abi Malik al Quradhi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) informed him that in the time of Umar ibn al Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) they used to pray on the day of Jumua until Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came out, and when Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came out and sat on the Mimbar and the Muadhdhins called the Adhan, they would sit and talk, and then when the Muadhdhins were silent and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood to give the Khutba, they would pay attention and no-one would speak.

Ibn Shihab said, "The Imam coming out stops prayer and his speaking stops conversation."


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَبِي عَامِرٍ، أَنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ، كَانَ يَقُولُ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ قَلَّمَا يَدَعُ ذَلِكَ إِذَا خَطَبَ إِذَا قَامَ الإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْتَمِعُوا وَأَنْصِتُوا فَإِنَّ لِلْمُنْصِتِ الَّذِي لاَ يَسْمَعُ مِنَ الْحَظِّ مِثْلَ مَا لِلْمُنْصِتِ السَّامِعِ فَإِذَا قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَاعْدِلُوا الصُّفُوفَ وَحَاذُوا بِالْمَنَاكِبِ فَإِنَّ اعْتِدَالَ الصُّفُوفِ مِنْ تَمَامِ الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ لاَ يُكَبِّرُ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَهُ رِجَالٌ قَدْ وَكَّلَهُمْ بِتَسْوِيَةِ الصُّفُوفِ فَيُخْبِرُونَهُ أَنْ قَدِ اسْتَوَتْ فَيُكَبِّرُ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu an-Nadr, the mawla of Umar ibn Ubaydullah, from Malik ibn Abi Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say in khutbas, and he would seldom omit it,  if he was giving the khutba "When the Imam stands delivering the Khutba on the day of Jumua, listen and pay attention, for there is the same portion for someone who pays attention but cannot hear as for someone who pays attention and hears. And when the Iqama of the prayer is called, straighten your rows and make your shoulders adjacent to each other, because the straightening of the rows is part of the completion of the prayer." Then he would not say the takbir until some men who had been entrusted with straightening the rows came and told him that they were straight. Then he would say the takbir.

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 009

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، رَأَى رَجُلَيْنِ يَتَحَدَّثَانِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَحَصَبَهُمَا أَنِ اصْمُتَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw two men talking while the Imam was giving the Khutba on the day of Jumua and he threw pebbles at them to tell them to be quiet.


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً، عَطَسَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ فَشَمَّتَهُ إِنْسَانٌ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ فَسَأَلَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْمُسَيَّبِ فَنَهَاهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَقَالَ لاَ تَعُدْ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that a man sneezed on the day of Jumua while the Imam was giving the Khutba, and a man by his side asked Allah to bless him. Sa'id ibn al Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked about it and he forbade the man to do what he had done and said, "Don't do it again."


وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنِ الْكَلاَمِ، يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِذَا نَزَلَ الإِمَامُ عَنِ الْمِنْبَرِ، قَبْلَ أَنْ يُكَبِّرَ، ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ لاَ بَأْسَ بِذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he asked Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about talking in the Jumua after the Imam had come down from the Mimbar but before he had said the takbir. Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "There is no harm in that."

 

CHAPTER (3)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ أَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

Concerning someone who catches a Rakah of Salat-ul-Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 012
حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ مَنْ أَدْرَكَ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ رَكْعَةً فَلْيُصَلِّ إِلَيْهَا أُخْرَى ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ وَهِيَ السُّنَّةُ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَعَلَى ذَلِكَ أَدْرَكْتُ أَهْلَ الْعِلْمِ بِبَلَدِنَا وَذَلِكَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَدْرَكَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ رَكْعَةً فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الَّذِي يُصِيبُهُ زِحَامٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَيَرْكَعُ وَلاَ يَقْدِرُ عَلَى أَنْ يَسْجُدَ حَتَّى يَقُومَ الإِمَامُ أَوْ يَفْرُغَ الإِمَامُ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ إِنَّهُ إِنْ قَدَرَ عَلَى أَنْ يَسْجُدَ إِنْ كَانَ قَدْ رَكَعَ فَلْيَسْجُدْ إِذَا قَامَ النَّاسُ وَإِنْ لَمْ يَقْدِرْ عَلَى أَنْ يَسْجُدَ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ الإِمَامُ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ فَإِنَّهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ أَنْ يَبْتَدِئَ صَلاَتَهُ ظُهْرًا أَرْبَعًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "Some one who catches a raka of the Jumua prayer should pray another one with it." Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "That is the Sunna."

Imam Malik said, "I saw the people of knowledge in our city doing that. That is because the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, 'Whoever catches a raka of the prayer has caught the prayer.' "

Imam Malik said, concerning some one who was in a crowd on the day of Jumua and did the ruku but was not able to go into sajda until the Imam had risen or finished his prayer, "If he is able to do the sajda and has already done the ruku then he should do the sajda when the people stand up. If he is unable to do the sajda until after the Imam has finished the prayer, then I prefer that he begins the prayer again and does the four rakas of Dhuhr."

 

CHAPTER (4)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ رَعَفَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

Nose bleeds on the day of Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 013

قَالَ مَالِكٌ : مَنْ رَعَفَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ، فَخَرَجَ فَلَمْ يَرْجِعْ حَتَّى فَرَغَ الإِمَامُ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ، فَإِنَّهُ يُصَلِّي أَرْبَعاً

Imam Malik said, "Someone who has a nosebleed on the day of Jumua while the Imam is giving the Khutba and he leaves and does not come back until the Imam has finished the prayer, should pray four rakas.''

Imam Malik said, someone who prayed a raka with the Imam on the day of Jumua, then had a nosebleed and left and came back and the Imam had prayed both rakas, should complete the prayer with another raka as long as he had not spoken.

Imam Malik said, "If some one has a nosebleed, or something happens to him and he has no alternative but to leave, he does not have to ask permission of the Imam if he wants to leave on the day of Jumua."

 

CHAPTER (5)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّعْيِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

Making a haste on the day of Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 014

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ ابْنَ شِهَابٍ عَنْ قَوْلِ اللَّهِ، عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏{‏يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلاَةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ‏}‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ شِهَابٍ كَانَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ يَقْرَؤُهَا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلاَةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَامْضُوا إِلَى ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَإِنَّمَا السَّعْىُ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ الْعَمَلُ وَالْفِعْلُ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى ‏{‏وَإِذَا تَوَلَّى سَعَى فِي الأَرْضِ‏}‏ وَقَالَ تَعَالَى ‏{‏وَأَمَّا مَنْ جَاءَكَ يَسْعَى وَهُوَ يَخْشَى‏}‏ وَقَالَ ‏{‏ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ يَسْعَى‏}‏ وَقَالَ ‏{‏إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّى‏}‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ فَلَيْسَ السَّعْىُ الَّذِي ذَكَرَ اللَّهُ فِي كِتَابِهِ بِالسَّعْىِ عَلَى الأَقْدَامِ وَلاَ الاِشْتِدَادَ وَإِنَّمَا عَنَى الْعَمَلَ وَالْفِعْلَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had asked Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the saying of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) -  يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِن يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ  [ O you who believe, when the call is made for the prayer on the day of Jumua, make haste to the remembrance of Allah. ] (Al-Jumua - 9).  Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite, 'When the call is made for the prayer on the day of Jumua, go to the remembrance of Allah.' 

Imam Malik said, "Making haste in the Book of Allah is only a deed and action.

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)  said - وَإِذَا تَوَلَّى سَعَى فِي الأَرْضِ [ And when he turns away, he acts in the land] (Al-Baqara - 205)

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said -  وَأَمَّا مَنْ جَاءَكَ يَسْعَى وَهُوَ يَخْشَى  [ And as for the one who comes to you acting with fear. ] (Abasa - 8-9).

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said -  ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ يَسْعَى  [Then he turned his back, and acted.] (An-Naazi'aat - 22).

Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said -  إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّى  [Your deeds are diverse]  (Al-Lail -4 ).

Imam Malik said,  thus making haste which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) mentions in His Book is not running on the feet or exertion,  it means deed and actions."

 

CHAPTER (6)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الإِمَامِ يَنْزِلُ بِقَرْيَةٍ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي السَّفَرِ

The Imam stopping off in a town on the day of Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 015

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَكَرَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ فِيهِ سَاعَةٌ لاَ يُوَافِقُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَأَشَارَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِيَدِهِ يُقَلِّلُهَا ‏.‏

Imam Malik said, "If the Imam stops off on a journey in a town where Jumua is obligatory and he gives a Khutba and leads the Jumua prayer for them, then the people of the town and any other people present do the jumua prayer with him."

Imam Malik said, "If the Imam gathers people for prayer while he is traveling in a town where the Jumua prayer is not obligatory, then there is no Jumua for him, nor for the people of the town, nor for anyone else who joins them for the prayer in congregation, and the people of the town and anyone else who is not traveling should complete the prayer."  He added a traveller does not have to do Jumua. 

 

CHAPTER (7)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي فِي يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

The special time in the day of Jumua

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 016

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (ﷺ) ذَكَرَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَالَ : « فِيهِ سَاعَةٌ لاَ يُوَافِقُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ يُصَلِّي، يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ شَيْئاً، إِلاَّ أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُ ». وَأَشَارَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ (ﷺ) بِيَدِهِ يُقَلِّلُهَا

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu az-Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mentioned the day of Jumua and said, "There is a time in it when Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) gives to a Muslim servant standing in prayer whatever he asks for," and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) indicated with his hand how small it was.

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 017

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ التَّيْمِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ خَرَجْتُ إِلَى الطُّورِ فَلَقِيتُ كَعْبَ الأَحْبَارِ فَجَلَسْتُ مَعَهُ فَحَدَّثَنِي عَنِ التَّوْرَاةِ وَحَدَّثْتُهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَكَانَ فِيمَا حَدَّثْتُهُ أَنْ قُلْتُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ خَيْرُ يَوْمٍ طَلَعَتْ عَلَيْهِ الشَّمْسُ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ فِيهِ خُلِقَ آدَمُ وَفِيهِ أُهْبِطَ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَفِيهِ تِيبَ عَلَيْهِ وَفِيهِ مَاتَ وَفِيهِ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ إِلاَّ وَهِيَ مُصِيخَةٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ مِنْ حِينِ تُصْبِحُ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ شَفَقًا مِنَ السَّاعَةِ إِلاَّ الْجِنَّ وَالإِنْسَ وَفِيهِ سَاعَةٌ لاَ يُصَادِفُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ كَعْبٌ ذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ يَوْمٌ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ بَلْ فِي كُلِّ جُمُعَةٍ ‏.‏ فَقَرَأَ كَعْبٌ التَّوْرَاةَ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَلَقِيتُ بَصْرَةَ بْنَ أَبِي بَصْرَةَ الْغِفَارِيَّ فَقَالَ مِنْ أَيْنَ أَقْبَلْتَ فَقُلْتُ مِنَ الطُّورِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَوْ أَدْرَكْتُكَ قَبْلَ أَنْ تَخْرُجَ إِلَيْهِ مَا خَرَجْتَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ تُعْمَلُ الْمَطِيُّ إِلاَّ إِلَى ثَلاَثَةِ مَسَاجِدَ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَإِلَى مَسْجِدِي هَذَا وَإِلَى مَسْجِدِ إِيلْيَاءَ أَوْ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَشُكُّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ سَلاَمٍ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِمَجْلِسِي مَعَ كَعْبِ الأَحْبَارِ وَمَا حَدَّثْتُهُ بِهِ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقُلْتُ قَالَ كَعْبٌ ذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ يَوْمٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ كَذَبَ كَعْبٌ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ كَعْبٌ التَّوْرَاةَ فَقَالَ بَلْ هِيَ فِي كُلِّ جُمُعَةٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ صَدَقَ كَعْبٌ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَيَّةَ سَاعَةٍ هِيَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ أَخْبِرْنِي بِهَا وَلاَ تَضِنَّ عَلَىَّ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ هِيَ آخِرُ سَاعَةٍ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَقُلْتُ وَكَيْفَ تَكُونُ آخِرُ سَاعَةٍ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يُصَادِفُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَتِلْكَ السَّاعَةُ سَاعَةٌ لاَ يُصَلَّى فِيهَا فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ أَلَمْ يَقُلْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ جَلَسَ مَجْلِسًا يَنْتَظِرُ الصَّلاَةَ فَهُوَ فِي صَلاَةٍ حَتَّى يُصَلِّيَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى ‏.‏ قَالَ فَهُوَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Abdullah ibn al-Had from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Harith at-Taymi from Abu Salama ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I went out to at-Tur (Mount Sinai) and met Kab al Ahbar and sat with him. He related to me things from the Tawrah and I related to him things from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Among the things I related to him was that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'The best of days on which the sun rises is the day of Jumua. In it Adam (عليه السلام) was created, and in it he fell from the Garden. In it he was forgiven, and in it he died. In it the Hour occurs, and every moving thing listens from morning till sunset in apprehension of the Hour except jinn and men. In it is a time when Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) gives to a Muslim servant standing in prayer whatever he asks for.' Kab said, 'That is one day in every year.' I said, 'No, in every Jumua.' Then Kab recited the Tawrah and said, 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has spoken the truth.' "

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) continued, "I met Basra ibn Abi Basra al-Ghiffari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he said, 'Where have you come from?' I said, 'From at-Tur.' He said, 'If I had seen you before you left, you would not have gone. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, "Only make a special journey to three mosques : the mosque of the Haram (Makka), this mosque (Madina), and the mosque of Ilya or the Bait al-Maqdis (two names of Jerusalem)." (He was not sure which expression was used.)

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 019

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ، كَانَ لاَ يَرُوحُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ إِلاَّ ادَّهَنَ وَتَطَيَّبَ إِلاَّ أَنْ يَكُونَ حَرَامًا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would never go to Jumua without wearing oil and perfume except when it was forbidden (when he was Muhrim).

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 020

حَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ حَزْمٍ، عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ لأَنْ يُصَلِّيَ أَحَدُكُمْ بِظَهْرِ الْحَرَّةِ خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَقْعُدَ حَتَّى إِذَا قَامَ الإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ جَاءَ يَتَخَطَّى رِقَابَ النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ السُّنَّةُ عِنْدَنَا أَنْ يَسْتَقْبِلَ النَّاسُ الإِمَامَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَخْطُبَ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْهُمْ يَلِي الْقِبْلَةَ وَغَيْرَهَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibn Hazm from whoever related it to him that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "It is better for a man to pray on the surface of al Harra (a rocky area in Madina) than for him to wait until the Imam stands to give the Khutba and then come and step over people's necks."

Imam Malik said, "The Sunna with us is that the people face the Imam on the day of Jumua when he intends to give the Khutba, whether they are near the Qibla or elsewhere."

 

CHAPTER (9)

باب الْقِرَاءَةِ فِي صَلاَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالاِحْتِبَاءِ وَمَنْ تَرَكَهَا مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ

The recitation in Jumua prayer, the sitting and  missing the prayer without reason

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 021

حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ ضَمْرَةَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الْمَازِنِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ الضَّحَّاكَ بْنَ قَيْسٍ، سَأَلَ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ مَاذَا كَانَ يَقْرَأُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ عَلَى إِثْرِ سُورَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ قَالَ كَانَ يَقْرَأُ ‏{‏هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ‏}

Yahya related to me from Malik from Damra ibn Said al-Mazini from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Utba ibn Masud that ad-Dahhak ibn Qays (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked an-Numan ibn Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), "What did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  recite on the day of Jumua after Sura al-Jumua?" He said, "He used to recite al-Ghashiya."

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 022

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ، - قَالَ مَالِكٌ لاَ أَدْرِي أَعَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمْ لاَ - أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَرَكَ الْجُمُعَةَ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ وَلاَ عِلَّةٍ طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik that Safwan ibn Sulaym (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "If anyone omits Jumua three times without reason or illness, Allah will set a seal on his heart."

Imam Malik said, "I don't know if it was from the Apostle of Allah () or not.

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 023

وَحَدَّثَنِي عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَطَبَ خُطْبَتَيْنِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَجَلَسَ بَيْنَهُمَا ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Jafar ibn Muhammad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his father that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave two Khutbas on the day of Jumua and sat down between them.  

 
 
 

 

RELATED READING

 

(i) Sahih Muatta Volume  1

(ii) Sahih Muatta Volume 1.1

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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