CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SAHIH MUSLIM

 

  VOLUME (1.2)

 

BOOK # 1 -  IMAN

كتاب الإيمان

 
 

CHAPTER (1)

باب بيان الإيمان والإسلام والإحسان ووجوب الإيمان بإثبات قدر الله سبحانه وتعالى وبيان الدليل على التبري ممن لا يؤمن بالقدر وإغلاظ القول في حقه

Explaining Iman, Islam, and Ihsan, and the obligations of  Iman with affirmation of 'Qadar of Allah' (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). And explaining the evidence for declaring innocence of the one who does not believe in 'Qadar', and has a harsh view about it

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 001

حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو خَيْثَمَةَ، زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ كَهْمَسٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، - وَهَذَا حَدِيثُهُ - حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا كَهْمَسٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ أَوَّلَ مَنْ قَالَ فِي الْقَدَرِ بِالْبَصْرَةِ مَعْبَدٌ الْجُهَنِيُّ فَانْطَلَقْتُ أَنَا وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ حَاجَّيْنِ أَوْ مُعْتَمِرَيْنِ فَقُلْنَا لَوْ لَقِينَا أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَسَأَلْنَاهُ عَمَّا يَقُولُ هَؤُلاَءِ فِي الْقَدَرِ فَوُفِّقَ لَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ دَاخِلاً الْمَسْجِدَ فَاكْتَنَفْتُهُ أَنَا وَصَاحِبِي أَحَدُنَا عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَالآخَرُ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّ صَاحِبِي سَيَكِلُ الْكَلاَمَ إِلَىَّ فَقُلْتُ أَبَا عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ إِنَّهُ قَدْ ظَهَرَ قِبَلَنَا نَاسٌ يَقْرَءُونَ الْقُرْآنَ وَيَتَقَفَّرُونَ الْعِلْمَ - وَذَكَرَ مِنْ شَأْنِهِمْ - وَأَنَّهُمْ يَزْعُمُونَ أَنْ لاَ قَدَرَ وَأَنَّ الأَمْرَ أُنُفٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَإِذَا لَقِيتَ أُولَئِكَ فَأَخْبِرْهُمْ أَنِّي بَرِيءٌ مِنْهُمْ وَأَنَّهُمْ بُرَآءُ مِنِّي وَالَّذِي يَحْلِفُ بِهِ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ لَوْ أَنَّ لأَحَدِهِمْ مِثْلَ أُحُدٍ ذَهَبًا فَأَنْفَقَهُ مَا قَبِلَ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ حَتَّى يُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ ثُمَّ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ قَالَ بَيْنَمَا نَحْنُ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ إِذْ طَلَعَ عَلَيْنَا رَجُلٌ شَدِيدُ بَيَاضِ الثِّيَابِ شَدِيدُ سَوَادِ الشَّعَرِ لاَ يُرَى عَلَيْهِ أَثَرُ السَّفَرِ وَلاَ يَعْرِفُهُ مِنَّا أَحَدٌ حَتَّى جَلَسَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَسْنَدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ إِلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ وَوَضَعَ كَفَّيْهِ عَلَى فَخِذَيْهِ وَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِسْلاَمِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ الإِسْلاَمُ أَنْ تَشْهَدَ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةَ وَتُؤْتِيَ الزَّكَاةَ وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ وَتَحُجَّ الْبَيْتَ إِنِ اسْتَطَعْتَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً ‏.‏ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَعَجِبْنَا لَهُ يَسْأَلُهُ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِيمَانِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ خَيْرِهِ وَشَرِّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ الإِحْسَانِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ فَإِنْ لَمْ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنِ السَّاعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا الْمَسْئُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَخْبِرْنِي عَنْ أَمَارَتِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تَلِدَ الأَمَةُ رَبَّتَهَا وَأَنْ تَرَى الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الْعَالَةَ رِعَاءَ الشَّاءِ يَتَطَاوَلُونَ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقَ فَلَبِثْتُ مَلِيًّا ثُمَّ قَالَ لِي ‏"‏ يَا عُمَرُ أَتَدْرِي مَنِ السَّائِلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَإِنَّهُ جِبْرِيلُ أَتَاكُمْ يُعَلِّمُكُمْ دِينَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Yahya bin Ya'mur (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the first man who discussed 'Qadr' (Divine Decree) in Basra was Ma'bad al-Juhani. I, along with Humaid bin Abdur Rahman Himyari, set out for Hajj or for 'Umrah and said : Should it so happen that we come into contact with one of the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we shall ask him about what is talked about 'Qadr' (Divine Decree). Accidentally we came across Abdullah bin Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), while he was entering the mosque. My companion and I surrounded him. One of us (stood) on his right and the other stood on his left. I expected that my companion would authorize me to speak. I therefore said : Abu Abdur Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), there have appeared some people in our land who recite the Qur'an and pursue knowledge. And then after talking about their affairs, added : They (such people) claim that there is no such thing as Divine Decree and events are not predestined.  He (Abdullah ibn Umarؓ ) said : When you happen to meet such people tell them that I have nothing to do with them and they have nothing to do with me. And verily they are in no way responsible for my (belief). Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) swore by Him (the Lord) (and said) : If any one of them (who does not believe in the Divine Decree) had with him gold equal to the bulk of (the mountain) Uhud and spent it (in the way of Allah), Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) would not accept it unless he affirmed his faith in Divine Decree. He further said : My father, Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), told me : One day we were sitting in the company of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when there appeared before us a man dressed in pure white clothes, his hair extraordinarily black. There were no signs of travel on him. None among us recognized him. At last he sat with the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He knelt before him placed his palms on his thighs and said : Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), inform me about Islam. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Islam implies that you testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah, and you establish prayer, pay Zakat, observe the fast of Ramadan, and perform Hajj if you are solvent enough (to bear the expense of) the journey.  He (the inquirer) said : You have told the truth. He (Umar ibn al-Khattabؓ ) said : It amazed us that he would put the question and then he would himself verify the truth. He (the inquirer) said : Inform me about Iman (faith). He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : That you affirm your faith in Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), in His angels, in His Books, in His Apostles, in the Day of Judgment, and you affirm your faith in the Divine Decree about good and evil. He (the inquirer) said : You have told the truth. He (the inquirer) again said : Inform me about Ihsan. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : That you worship Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) as if you are seeing Him, for though you don't see Him, He, verily, sees you. He (the inquirer) again said : Inform me about the hour (of the Doom). He (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : One who is asked, knows no more than the one who is inquiring (about it). He (the inquirer) said : Tell me some of its indications. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : The slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and master, that you will find barefooted, destitute goat-herds vying with one another in the construction of magnificent buildings. He (the narrator, Umar ibn al-Khattabؓ ) said : Then he (the inquirer) went on his way, but I stayed with him (the Prophet ﷺ) for a long while. He then, said to me : Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do you know who this inquirer was?  I replied : Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) knows best.  He (the  Prophet ﷺ) remarked : He was Jibreel (عليه السلام). He came to you in order to teach you in matters of religion.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 002 

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الْغُبَرِيُّ، وَأَبُو كَامِلٍ الْجَحْدَرِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ مَطَرٍ الْوَرَّاقِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ، قَالَ لَمَّا تَكَلَّمَ مَعْبَدٌ بِمَا تَكَلَّمَ بِهِ فِي شَأْنِ الْقَدَرِ أَنْكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَحَجَجْتُ أَنَا وَحُمَيْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْحِمْيَرِيُّ حِجَّةً ‏.‏ وَسَاقُوا الْحَدِيثَ بِمَعْنَى حَدِيثِ كَهْمَسٍ وَإِسْنَادِهِ ‏.‏ وَفِيهِ بَعْضُ زِيَادَةٍ وَنُقْصَانُ أَحْرُفٍ ‏.‏ 

It is narrated on the authority of Yahya bin Ya'mur (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when Ma'bad discussed the problem pertaining to Divine Decree, we refuted that. He (the narrator) said : I and Humaid bin Abdur-Rahman Himyari argued. And they carried on the conversation about the purport of the Hadith related by Kahmas and its chain of transmission too, and there is some variation of words.

 

وَحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْقَطَّانُ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ غِيَاثٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ يَعْمَرَ، وَحُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالاَ لَقِينَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عُمَرَ فَذَكَرْنَا الْقَدَرَ وَمَا يَقُولُونَ فِيهِ ‏.‏ فَاقْتَصَّ الْحَدِيثَ كَنَحْوِ حَدِيثِهِمْ عَنْ عُمَرَ - رضى الله عنه - عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَفِيهِ شَىْءٌ مِنْ زِيَادَةٍ وَقَدْ نَقَصَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Yahya bin Ya'mur (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Humaid bin 'Abdur-Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that they said : We met Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and we discussed about the Divine Decree, and what they talked about it and he narrated the Hadith that has been transmitted by Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  There is a slight variation in that.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 004
 
The same Hadith is mentioned through a different chain.

 

CHAPTER (1A)

باب الإِيمَانُ مَا هُوَ وَبَيَانُ خِصَالِهِ

What is Iman?  Explaining its characteristics

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 005

 
وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَزُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنِ ابْنِ عُلَيَّةَ، قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِي حَيَّانَ، عَنْ أَبِي زُرْعَةَ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمًا بَارِزًا لِلنَّاسِ فَأَتَاهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِيمَانُ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكِتَابِهِ وَلِقَائِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْبَعْثِ الآخِرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِسْلاَمُ قَالَ ‏"‏ الإِسْلاَمُ أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكَ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمَ الصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ وَتُؤَدِّيَ الزَّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوضَةَ وَتَصُومَ رَمَضَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِحْسَانُ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تَعْبُدَ اللَّهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ لاَ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَتَى السَّاعَةُ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا الْمَسْئُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ وَلَكِنْ سَأُحَدِّثُكَ عَنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا إِذَا وَلَدَتِ الأَمَةُ رَبَّهَا فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا وَإِذَا كَانَتِ الْعُرَاةُ الْحُفَاةُ رُءُوسَ النَّاسِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا وَإِذَا تَطَاوَلَ رِعَاءُ الْبَهْمِ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا فِي خَمْسٍ لاَ يَعْلَمُهُنَّ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ تَلاَ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏-‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِنْدَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الأَرْحَامِ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَىِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ-‏ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ أَدْبَرَ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ رُدُّوا عَلَىَّ الرَّجُلَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَخَذُوا لِيَرُدُّوهُ فَلَمْ يَرَوْا شَيْئًا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ جَاءَ لِيُعَلِّمَ النَّاسَ دِينَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

This Hadith is narrated to us on the authority of Muhammad bin Abdullah bin Numair, on the authority of Muhammad bin Bishr, on the authority of Abd Hayyan al-Taymi with the exception that in this narration (instead of the words - إِذَا وَلَدَتِ الأَمَةُ رَبَّهَا - when the slave-girl will give birth to the master), the words are ( إِذَا وَلَدَتِ الأَمَةُ بَعْلَهَا- when slave-girl gives birth to her master).

 
 

CHAPTER (1B)

باب الإِسْلاَمُ مَا هُوَ وَبَيَانُ خِصَالِهِ

What is Islam? Explaining its characteristics.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 007

 
حَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ الْقَعْقَاعِ - عَنْ أَبِي زُرْعَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ سَلُونِي ‏"‏ فَهَابُوهُ أَنْ يَسْأَلُوهُ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ فَجَلَسَ عِنْدَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِسْلاَمُ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِيمَانُ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تُؤْمِنَ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَكِتَابِهِ وَلِقَائِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْبَعْثِ وَتُؤْمِنَ بِالْقَدَرِ كُلِّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَا الإِحْسَانُ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْ تَخْشَى اللَّهَ كَأَنَّكَ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّكَ إِنْ لاَ تَكُنْ تَرَاهُ فَإِنَّهُ يَرَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ صَدَقْتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَتَى تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا الْمَسْئُولُ عَنْهَا بِأَعْلَمَ مِنَ السَّائِلِ وَسَأُحَدِّثُكَ عَنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا إِذَا رَأَيْتَ الْمَرْأَةَ تَلِدُ رَبَّهَا فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ الْحُفَاةَ الْعُرَاةَ الصُّمَّ الْبُكْمَ مُلُوكَ الأَرْضِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا وَإِذَا رَأَيْتَ رِعَاءَ الْبَهْمِ يَتَطَاوَلُونَ فِي الْبُنْيَانِ فَذَاكَ مِنْ أَشْرَاطِهَا فِي خَمْسٍ مِنَ الْغَيْبِ لاَ يَعْلَمُهُنَّ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ ‏{‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِنْدَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الأَرْحَامِ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَىِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ‏}‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ قَامَ الرَّجُلُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ رُدُّوهُ عَلَىَّ ‏"‏ فَالْتُمِسَ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوهُ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ هَذَا جِبْرِيلُ أَرَادَ أَنْ تَعَلَّمُوا إِذْ لَمْ تَسْأَلُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏  ‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Ask me (about issues related to religion), but they (Sahabah) were too much overawed out of profound respect for him to ask him (anything). In the meanwhile a person came there, and sat near his knees and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Islam? To which he (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : You must not associate anything with Allah, and establish prayer, pay Zakat and observe (fasts of) Ramadan. He said : You (have) told the truth. He (again) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Iman? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: That you affirm your faith in Allah, His angels, His Books, His meeting, His Apostles, and that you believe in Resurrection and that you believe in Qadr (Divine Decree) in all its entirety. He (the inquirer) said : You (have) told the truth.  He (again) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Ihsan?  Upon this he (the Prophet ﷺ) said : that you fear Allah as if you are seeing Him, and though you (may) not see Him,  (know it that) He is seeing you. He (the inquirer) said : You (have) told the truth. He (the inquirer) said : When there would be the hour (of Doom)? (Upon this) he (the Prophet ﷺ) said : The one who is being asked, is no better informed than the inquirer himself. I, however, narrate some of its signs : when you see a slave (girl) giving birth to her master - that is one of the signs (of Doom).  When you see barefooted, naked, deaf and dumb (ignorant and foolish persons) as the rulers on the earth - that is one of the signs of the Doom.  And when you see the shepherds of black camels exult in buildings - that is one of the signs of Doom. The (Doom) is one of the five things (wrapped) in the unseen. No one knows them except Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Then (the Prophet ﷺ) recited (this Quranic verse) :  إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْأَرْحَامِ ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَّاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ  [ Verily Allah, with Him alone is the knowledge of the hour and He is Who sends down the rain and knows that which is in the wombs and no person knows whatsoever he shall earn on morrow and a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah is Knowing, and aware.] (Luqman - 34).  He (Abu Hurairaؓ ) said : Then the person stood up and left. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Bring him back to me. He (the person) was searched for, but they (Sahabah) could not find him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) thereupon said : He was Jibreel (عليه السلام) and he wanted to teach you (issues related to religion) when you did not ask (them yourselves).

 

CHAPTER (2)

باب بَيَانِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الَّتِي هِيَ أَحَدُ أَرْكَانِ الإِسْلاَمِ

Explaining the prayers which are one of the pillars of Islams

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 008

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جَمِيلِ بْنِ طَرِيفِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الثَّقَفِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، - فِيمَا قُرِئَ عَلَيْهِ - عَنْ أَبِي سُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ طَلْحَةَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ أَهْلِ نَجْدٍ ثَائِرُ الرَّأْسِ نَسْمَعُ دَوِيَّ صَوْتِهِ وَلاَ نَفْقَهُ مَا يَقُولُ حَتَّى دَنَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَإِذَا هُوَ يَسْأَلُ عَنِ الإِسْلاَمِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ وَاللَّيْلَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهُنَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَّوَّعَ وَصِيَامُ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَّوَّعَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَذَكَرَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الزَّكَاةَ فَقَالَ هَلْ عَلَىَّ غَيْرُهَا قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ أَنْ تَطَّوَّعَ ‏"‏ قَالَ فَأَدْبَرَ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ لاَ أَزِيدُ عَلَى هَذَا وَلاَ أَنْقُصُ مِنْهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَفْلَحَ إِنْ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Talha bin Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a person with disheveled hair, one of the people of Najd, came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We heard the humming of his voice but could not fully discern what he had been saying, till he came nigh to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). It was then (disclosed to us) that he was asking questions pertaining to Islam. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Five prayers during the day and the night. Upon this he said : Am I obliged to do any other (prayer) besides these? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : No, but whatever you observe voluntarily, out of your own free will, and the fasts of Ramadan. The inquirer said : Am I obliged to do anything else besides this? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: No, but whatever you do out of your own free will. And the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told him about Zakat. The inquirer said : Am I obliged to pay anything else besides this? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : No, but whatever you pay voluntarily out of your own free will. The man turned back and was saying : I would neither make any addition to this, nor will decrease anything out of it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : He is successful, if he is true to what he affirms.


حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ مَالِكٍ غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَفْلَحَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ ‏"‏ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَبِيهِ إِنْ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

This Hadith was narrated by Talha bin Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), similar to the Hadith of Malik bin Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) except that he said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : By his father, he shall succeed if he were true (to what he professed), or : By his father, he would enter heaven if he were true.

 
 

CHAPTER (3)

باب السُّؤَالِ عَنْ أَرْكَانِ الْإِسْلَامِ

Asking about the pillars of Islam

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 010

حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بُكَيْرٍ النَّاقِدُ، حَدَّثَنَا هَاشِمُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ أَبُو النَّضْرِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ نُهِينَا أَنْ نَسْأَلَ، رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ شَىْءٍ فَكَانَ يُعْجِبُنَا أَنْ يَجِيءَ الرَّجُلُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ الْعَاقِلُ فَيَسْأَلَهُ وَنَحْنُ نَسْمَعُ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْبَادِيَةِ فَقَالَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ أَتَانَا رَسُولُكَ فَزَعَمَ لَنَا أَنَّكَ تَزْعُمُ أَنَّ اللَّهَ أَرْسَلَكَ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَمَنْ خَلَقَ السَّمَاءَ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَمَنْ خَلَقَ الأَرْضَ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَمَنْ نَصَبَ هَذِهِ الْجِبَالَ وَجَعَلَ فِيهَا مَا جَعَلَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِالَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاءَ وَخَلَقَ الأَرْضَ وَنَصَبَ هَذِهِ الْجِبَالَ آللَّهُ أَرْسَلَكَ قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَزَعَمَ رَسُولُكَ أَنَّ عَلَيْنَا خَمْسَ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي يَوْمِنَا وَلَيْلَتِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِالَّذِي أَرْسَلَكَ آللَّهُ أَمْرَكَ بِهَذَا قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَزَعَمَ رَسُولُكَ أَنَّ عَلَيْنَا زَكَاةً فِي أَمْوَالِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِالَّذِي أَرْسَلَكَ آللَّهُ أَمْرَكَ بِهَذَا قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَزَعَمَ رَسُولُكَ أَنَّ عَلَيْنَا صَوْمَ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ فِي سَنَتِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَبِالَّذِي أَرْسَلَكَ آللَّهُ أَمَرَكَ بِهَذَا قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَزَعَمَ رَسُولُكَ أَنَّ عَلَيْنَا حَجَّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ وَلَّى ‏.‏ قَالَ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ لاَ أَزِيدُ عَلَيْهِنَّ وَلاَ أَنْقُصُ مِنْهُنَّ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لَئِنْ صَدَقَ لَيَدْخُلَنَّ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said : We were forbidden that we should ask anything (without a genuine need) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). It, therefore, pleased us that an intelligent person from the dwellers of the desert should come and asked him (the Prophet ﷺ) and we should listen to it. A man from the dwellers of the desert came (to Prophet ﷺ) and said : Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), your messenger came to us and told us your assertion that verily Allah had sent you (as prophet). He (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : He told the truth. He (the bedouin) said : Who created the heaven? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). He (the bedouin again) said: Who created the Earth? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). He (the bedouin again) said: Who raised these mountains and who created in them whatever is created there? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : Allah (سبحانه و تعالى). Upon this he (the bedouin) remarked : By Him Who created the heaven and created the earth and raised mountains thereupon, has Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) sent you? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Yes. He (the bedouin) said: Your messenger also told us that five prayers (have been made) obligatory for us during the day and the night. He (the  Prophet ﷺ) remarked : He told you the truth. He (the bedouin) said : By Him Who sent you, is it Allah Who ordered you about this (prayers)? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: Yes. He (the bedouin) said : Your messenger told us that Zakat had been made obligatory in our riches. He (the Prophet  ﷺ) said. He has told the truth. He (the bedouin) said : By Him Who sent you (as prophet), is it Allah Who ordered you about it (Zakat)? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: Yes. He (the bedouin) said: Your messenger told us that it had been made obligatory for us to fast every year during the month of Ramadan.  He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : He has told the truth. He (the bedouin) said : By Him Who sent you (as prophet), is it Allah Who ordered you about it (fasts of Ramadan)? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Yes. He (the bedouin) said : Your messenger also told us that pilgrimage (Hajj) to the House (of Ka'bah) had been made obligatory for him who is able to undertake the journey to it. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Yes. The narrator said that he (the bedouin) set off (at the conclusion of this answer, but at the time of his departure) remarked : 'By Him Who sent you with the Truth, I would neither make any addition to them nor would I diminish anything out of them. Upon this the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : If he were true (to what he said) he must enter Paradise.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 011

It is narrated on the authority of Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We were forbidden in Qur'an that we should ask about anything (other than essentially required) from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and then Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Hadith in similar words.

 
 

CHAPTER (4)

باب بَيَانِ الإِيمَانِ الَّذِي يُدْخَلُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةُ وَأَنَّ مَنْ تَمَسَّكَ بِمَا أُمِرَ بِهِ دَخَلَ الجَنَّةَ

Explaining the Iman by means of which a person is admitted into paradise, and that the one who adheres to what is enjoined upon him will enter paradise

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 012

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ طَلْحَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو أَيُّوبَ، أَنَّ أَعْرَابِيًّا، عَرَضَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ فِي سَفَرٍ ‏.‏ فَأَخَذَ بِخِطَامِ نَاقَتِهِ أَوْ بِزِمَامِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ - أَوْ يَا مُحَمَّدُ - أَخْبِرْنِي بِمَا يُقَرِّبُنِي مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَمَا يُبَاعِدُنِي مِنَ النَّارِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَكَفَّ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ نَظَرَ فِي أَصْحَابِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ لَقَدْ وُفِّقَ - أَوْ لَقَدْ هُدِيَ - قَالَ كَيْفَ قُلْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَعَادَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ وَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ دَعِ النَّاقَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ayyub Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that once during the journey of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) a bedouin appeared before him and caught hold of the nose string of his she-camel and then said, Apostle of Allah (or Muhammad ), inform me about that which takes me near to Paradise and draws me away from the (Hell) Fire. He (the narrator) said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stopped for a while and cast a glance upon his companions and then said : He was afforded a good opportunity (or he had been guided well). He (the Prophet ) addressing the bedouin said : (Repeat) whatever you have uttered. He (the bedouin) repeated that. Upon this, the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The deed which can draw you near to Paradise and take you away from Hell is, that you worship Allah and associate none with Him, and you establish Salah and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin. After having uttered these words, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked the bedouin to release the nose string of his she-camel.

 

وَحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَاتِمٍ، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ بِشْرٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا بَهْزٌ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَوْهَبٍ، وَأَبُوهُ، عُثْمَانُ أَنَّهُمَا سَمِعَا مُوسَى بْنَ طَلْحَةَ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمِثْلِ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏

This above Hadith is (also) transmitted by Muhammad bin Hatim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the authority of Abu Ayyub Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى التَّمِيمِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ دُلَّنِي عَلَى عَمَلٍ أَعْمَلُهُ يُدْنِينِي مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ وَيُبَاعِدُنِي مِنَ النَّارِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ وَتُؤْتِي الزَّكَاةَ وَتَصِلُ ذَا رَحِمِكَ ‏"‏ فَلَمَّا أَدْبَرَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنْ تَمَسَّكَ بِمَا أُمِرَ بِهِ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَفِي رِوَايَةِ ابْنِ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ ‏"‏ إِنْ تَمَسَّكَ بِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : Direct me to a deed which draws me near to Paradise and takes me away from the (Hell) Fire. Upon this he (the  Prophet ) said : You worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish Salah, and pay Zakat, and do good to your kin. When he turned his back, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : If he adheres to what he has been ordered to, he would enter Paradise.

وَحَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَفَّانُ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي زُرْعَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ أَعْرَابِيًّا، جَاءَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ دُلَّنِي عَلَى عَمَلٍ إِذَا عَمِلْتُهُ دَخَلْتُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ تَعْبُدُ اللَّهَ لاَ تُشْرِكُ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَتُقِيمُ الصَّلاَةَ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ وَتُؤَدِّي الزَّكَاةَ الْمَفْرُوضَةَ وَتَصُومُ رَمَضَانَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ لاَ أَزِيدُ عَلَى هَذَا شَيْئًا أَبَدًا وَلاَ أَنْقُصُ مِنْهُ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا وَلَّى قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يَنْظُرَ إِلَى رَجُلٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْجَنَّةِ فَلْيَنْظُرْ إِلَى هَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a bedouin came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), direct me to a deed by which I may be entitled to enter Paradise. Upon this he (the Prophet ) remarked : You worship Allah and never associate anything with Him, establish the obligatory Salah, and pay Zakat which is incumbent upon you, and observe the fast of Ramadan. He (the bedouin) said : By Him in Whose hand is my life, I will never add anything to it, nor will I diminish anything from it. When he (the bedouin) turned his back, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He who is pleased to see a man from the dwellers of Paradise should catch a glimpse of him.

It is narrated on the authority of Jaabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Nu'man bin Qaufal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : Would I enter Paradise if I perform the obligatory prayers and deny myself that which is forbidden and treat that as lawful what has been made permissible? The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied in the affirmative.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 017

A similar Hadith is narrated on Jaabir's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) authority in which the following words are added : I will do nothing more.

 

It is narrated on the authority of Jaabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man once said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Shall I enter Paradise in case I perform the obligatory prayers, observe (the fasts of) Ramadan and treat that as lawful which has been made permissible and deny myself that what is forbidden, and make no addition to it? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied in the affirmative. He (the inquirer) said : By Allah, I would add nothing to it.

 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب بَيَانِ أَرْكَانِ الْإِسْلَامِ وَدَعَائِمِهِ الْعِظَامِ

Clarifying the pillars of Islam and its grand supports

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 019

 

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Islam is build on five (pillars), (i)  oneness of Allah, (ii) establishment of prayer, (iii) payment of Zakat, (iv) fasting of Ramadan, and (v) Hajj.   A person said (to Abdullah bin Umarؓ , the narrator) : Which one precedes the other -  Hajj or fasts of Ramadan? Upon this he (Abdullah bin Umarؓ ) replied : No (it is not Hajj first) but fasts of Ramadan precede the Hajj.  This is how I heard from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 020

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Islam is build on five (pillars), (i) Allah should be worshiped, and other than Him should be rejected. (ii) Establishment of prayer, (iii) payment of Zakat, (iv) Hajj, and (v) fasts of Ramadan. 

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 021
 

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Islam is build on five (pillars), (i) testifying that there is no God but Allah and Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah, (ii) establishment of prayer, (iii) payment of Zakat, (iv) Hajj-e-Baitullah, and (v) fasts of Ramadan.  

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 022

It is reported on the authority of Ta'us (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man said to Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Why don't you carry out a military expedition? Upon which he replied : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : Verily, Islam is founded on five (pillars) : (i) testifying the fact that there is no god but Allah, (ii) establishment of prayer, (iii) payment of Zakat, (iv) fast of Ramadan and (v) Hajj-e-Baitullah.

 

CHAPTER (6)

باب الْأَمْرِ بِالْإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ تَعَالَى وَرَسُولِهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَشَرَائِعِ الدِّينِ

The command to believe in Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and  laws of Islam

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 023

حَدَّثَنَا خَلَفُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى، - وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ - أَخْبَرَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ قَدِمَ وَفْدُ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا هَذَا الْحَىَّ مِنْ رَبِيعَةَ وَقَدْ حَالَتْ بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ كُفَّارُ مُضَرَ فَلاَ نَخْلُصُ إِلَيْكَ إِلاَّ فِي شَهْرِ الْحَرَامِ فَمُرْنَا بِأَمْرٍ نَعْمَلُ بِهِ وَنَدْعُو إِلَيْهِ مَنْ وَرَاءَنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ آمُرُكُمْ بِأَرْبَعٍ وَأَنْهَاكُمْ عَنْ أَرْبَعٍ الإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ - ثُمَّ فَسَّرَهَا لَهُمْ فَقَالَ - شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَإِقَامِ الصَّلاَةِ وَإِيتَاءِ الزَّكَاةِ وَأَنْ تُؤَدُّوا خُمُسَ مَا غَنِمْتُمْ وَأَنْهَاكُمْ عَنِ الدُّبَّاءِ وَالْحَنْتَمِ وَالنَّقِيرِ وَالْمُقَيَّرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ خَلَفٌ فِي رِوَايَتِهِ ‏"‏ شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَعَقَدَ وَاحِدَةً ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a delegation of Abdul Qais came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), verily ours is a tribe of Rabi'a and there stand between you and us the unbelievers of Mudar and we find no freedom to come to you except in the sacred month. Direct us to an act which we should ourselves perform and invite those who live beside us. Upon this the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : I command you to do four things and prohibit you from four acts.  (i) Faith in Allah, and then he explained it for them and said : Testifying the fact that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah, (ii) performance of prayer, (iii) payment of Zakat, and (iv) you pay Khums (one-fifth) of the booty fallen to your lot.

I prohibit you from using (i) round gourd, (ii) wine jars, (iii) wooden pots or (iv) skins for wine.

Khalaf bin Hisham has made this addition in his narration : Testifying the fact that there is no god but Allah, and then he (the Apostle ﷺ) with his finger pointed out the oneness of the Lord.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 024

Abu Jamra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : I was an interpreter between Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and the people, that a woman happened to come there and asked about nabidh or the pitcher of wine. He replied : A delegation of the people of 'Abdul-Qais came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He (the Prophet ﷺ) asked the delegation or the people (of the delegation about their identity). They replied that they belonged to the tribe of Rabi'a. He (the  Prophet ﷺ) welcomed the people or the delegation which were neither humiliated nor put to shame. They (the members of the delegation) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we come to you from a far-off distance and there lives between you and us a tribe of the unbelievers of Mudar and, therefore, it is not possible for us to come to you except in the sacred months. Thus direct us to a clear command, about which we should inform people beside us and by which we may enter heaven. He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : I command you to do four deeds and forbid you from four, and added :  I direct you to affirm belief in Allah alone, and then asked them : Do you know what belief in Allah really implies? They said : Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : It implies testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah;   establishment of prayer, payment of Zakat,  fast of Ramadan and that you pay one-fifth of the booty (fallen to your lot).  And I forbid you to use  gourd,  wine jar, or a receptacle for wine.  Shu'ba sometimes narrated the word naqir (wooden pot) and sometimes narrated it as muqayyar. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) also said : Keep it in your mind and inform those who have been left behind.

 

وَحَدَّثَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي ح، وَحَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْجَهْضَمِيُّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبِي قَالاَ، جَمِيعًا حَدَّثَنَا قُرَّةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَنْهَاكُمْ عَمَّا يُنْبَذُ فِي الدُّبَّاءِ وَالنَّقِيرِ وَالْحَنْتَمِ وَالْمُزَفَّتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَزَادَ ابْنُ مُعَاذٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ قَالَ وَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِلأَشَجِّ أَشَجِّ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ ‏"‏ إِنَّ فِيكَ خَصْلَتَيْنِ يُحِبُّهُمَا اللَّهُ الْحِلْمُ وَالأَنَاةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

There is another Hadith narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ),  the contents of which are similar to the one narrated by Shu'ba in which the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I forbid you to prepare nabidh in a gourd, hollowed block of wood, a varnished jar or receptacle. Ibn Mu'adh made this addition on the authority of his father that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Ashajj, of the tribe of Abdul-Qais : You possess two qualities which are liked by Allah : insight and deliberateness.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 026

It is reported on the authority of Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that one among the delegates of the 'Abdul-Qais tribe narrated this tradition to him.  Sa'id said that Qatada had mentioned the name of Abu Nadra on the authority of Abu Sa'id Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who narrated this tradition : That people from the tribe of 'Abdul-Qais came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we belong to the tribe of Rabi'a and there live between you and us the unbelievers of the Mudar tribe and we find it impossible to come to you except in the sacred months; direct us to a deed which we must communicate to those who have been left behind us and by doing which we may enter heaven. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I enjoin upon you four (things) and forbid you to do four (things) : worship Allah and associate none with Him, establish prayer, pay Zakat, and observe the fasts of Ramadan, and pay the fifth part out of the booty. And I prohibit you from four (things): dry gourds, green colored jars, hollowed stumps of palm-trees, and receptacles. They (the members of the delegation) said : Do you know what al-naqir is? He replied: Yes, it is a stump which you hollow out and in which you throw small dates.  Sa'id said : He (the Prophet ﷺ) used the word tamar (dates). (The Prophet ﷺ added) : Then you sprinkle water over it and when its ebullition subsides, you drink it (and you are so intoxicated) that one among you, or one among them (the other members of your tribe, who were not present there) strikes his cousin with the sword. He (the narrator) said : There was a man among us who had sustained injury on this very account due to (intoxication), and he told that he tried to conceal it out of shame from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I, however, inquired from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  (if we discard those utensils which you have forbidden us to use), then what type of vessels should be used for drink? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : In the water skin the mouths of which are tied (with a string). They (again) said : Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), our land abounds in rats and water skins cannot remain preserved. The Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : (Drink in water skins) even if these are nibbled by rats. And then (addressing) al-Ashajj of 'Abdul-Qais he said : Verily, you possess two such qualities which Allah loves : insight and deliberateness.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 027
The above Hadith (# 26) has been mentioned with a different chain and slightly different wording as follows.
 
It was narrated from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when a delegation from Abdul Qais came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he narrated a Hadith similar to that of Ibn Ulayyah, but he said, 'And they put small dates, dates and water in it.' And he did not say 'Sa'id said : Or he said : 'Dates.'
 

حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكَّارٍ الْبَصْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَاصِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، - وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ - حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو قَزَعَةَ، أَنَّ أَبَا نَضْرَةَ، أَخْبَرَهُ وَحَسَنًا، أَخْبَرَهُمَا أَنَّ أَبَا سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيَّ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ وَفْدَ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ لَمَّا أَتَوْا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالُوا يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ جَعَلَنَا اللَّهُ فِدَاءَكَ مَاذَا يَصْلُحُ لَنَا مِنَ الأَشْرِبَةِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَشْرَبُوا فِي النَّقِيرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ جَعَلَنَا اللَّهُ فِدَاءَكَ أَوَتَدْرِي مَا النَّقِيرُ قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمِ الْجِذْعُ يُنْقَرُ وَسَطُهُ وَلاَ فِي الدُّبَّاءِ وَلاَ فِي الْحَنْتَمَةِ وَعَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُوكَى ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Said al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when the delegation of the tribe of Abdul Qais came to the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), (its members) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), may God enable us to lay down our lives for you, which beverage is good for us? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : You should not drink in the wine jars. They said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), may God enable us to lay down our lives for you, do you know what al-naqir is?  He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : Yes, it is a stump which you hollow out in the middle, and added : Do not use gourd or receptacle (for drink). Use water-skin,  the mouth of which is tied with a thong (for this purpose).

 

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَأَبُو كُرَيْبٍ وَإِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ جَمِيعًا عَنْ وَكِيعٍ، - قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، - عَنْ زَكَرِيَّاءَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ صَيْفِيٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْبَدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، - قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رُبَّمَا قَالَ وَكِيعٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ مُعَاذًا، - قَالَ بَعَثَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّكَ تَأْتِي قَوْمًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ ‏.‏ فَادْعُهُمْ إِلَى شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ هُمْ أَطَاعُوا لِذَلِكَ فَأَعْلِمْهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ افْتَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ خَمْسَ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي كُلِّ يَوْمٍ وَلَيْلَةٍ فَإِنْ هُمْ أَطَاعُوا لِذَلِكَ فَأَعْلِمْهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ افْتَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُؤْخَذُ مِنْ أَغْنِيَائِهِمْ فَتُرَدُّ فِي فُقَرَائِهِمْ فَإِنْ هُمْ أَطَاعُوا لِذَلِكَ فَإِيَّاكَ وَكَرَائِمَ أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَاتَّقِ دَعْوَةَ الْمَظْلُومِ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهَا وَبَيْنَ اللَّهِ حِجَابٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent me (as a governor of Yemen) and (at the time of departure) instructed me thus : You will soon find yourself in a community one among the people of the Book, so first call them to testify that there is no god but Allah, that I (Muhammad ﷺ) am the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and if they accept this, then tell them Allah has enjoined upon them five prayers during the day and the night and if they accept it, then tell them that Allah has made Zakat obligatory for them that it should be collected from the rich and distributed among the poor, and if they agree to it, don't pick up (as a share of Zakat) the best of their wealth. Beware of the supplication of the oppressed for there is no barrier between him and Allah.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 030
 
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَكَرِيَّاءُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ زَكَرِيَّاءَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ صَيْفِيٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْبَدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّكَ سَتَأْتِي قَوْمًا ‏"‏ بِمِثْلِ حَدِيثِ وَكِيعٍ ‏.‏
 
The above Hadith has been mentioned with a different chain, with a slightly different wording at the beginning, then follows the same.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 031
 

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent Mu'adh towards Yemen (as governor) he said to him : Verily you would reach a community of the people of the Book, the very first thing to which you should call them is the worship of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and when they become fully aware of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), instruct them that He has enjoined five prayers on them during the day and night, and when they begin observing it, then instruct them that verily Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has made Zakat obligatory for them which would be collected from the wealthy amongst them and distributed to their needy ones, and when they submit to it, then collect it from them and avoid (the temptation) of selecting the best (items) of their riches.



حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا لَيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ لَمَّا تُوُفِّيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَاسْتُخْلِفَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ بَعْدَهُ وَكَفَرَ مَنْ كَفَرَ مِنَ الْعَرَبِ قَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ كَيْفَ تُقَاتِلُ النَّاسَ وَقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أُمِرْتُ أَنْ أُقَاتِلَ النَّاسَ حَتَّى يَقُولُوا لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ فَمَنْ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ فَقَدْ عَصَمَ مِنِّي مَالَهُ وَنَفْسَهُ إِلاَّ بِحَقِّهِ وَحِسَابُهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَاللَّهِ لأُقَاتِلَنَّ مَنْ فَرَّقَ بَيْنَ الصَّلاَةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ فَإِنَّ الزَّكَاةَ حَقُّ الْمَالِ وَاللَّهِ لَوْ مَنَعُونِي عِقَالاً كَانُوا يُؤَدُّونَهُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَقَاتَلْتُهُمْ عَلَى مَنْعِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَوَاللَّهِ مَا هُوَ إِلاَّ أَنْ رَأَيْتُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ قَدْ شَرَحَ صَدْرَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ لِلْقِتَالِ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ الْحَقُّ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) breathed his last and Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was appointed as his successor (خليفه), those among the Arabs who wanted to become apostates became apostates. Hadhrat Umar bin Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Why would you fight against the people, when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) declared : I have been directed to fight against people so long as they do not say : 'there is no god but Allah, and he who professed it was granted full protection of his property and life on my behalf except for a right? His (other) affairs rest with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Upon this Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I would definitely fight against him who separated Salah from Zakat, for it is the obligation upon the rich. By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I would fight against them even to secure the cord (used for hobbling the feet of a camel) which they used to give to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (as zakat) but now they have withheld it. Hadhrat Umar bin Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) remarked : By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I found nothing but the fact that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) had opened the heart of Hadhrat Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for (perceiving the justification of) fighting (against those who refused to pay Zakat) and I fully recognized that the (stand of Abu Bakrؓ ) was right.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 033

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I have been commanded to fight against people so long as they do not declare that there is no god but Allah, and he who professed it was guaranteed the protection of his property and life on my behalf except for the right affairs rest with Allah.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 034

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'I have been commanded to fight against people, till they testify to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and believe in me (that) I am the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and in all that I have brought. And when they do it, their blood and riches are guaranteed protection on my behalf except where it is justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 035
 

It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I have been commanded that I should fight against people till they declare that there is no god but Allah, and when they profess it that there is no god but Allah, their blood and riches are guaranteed protection on my behalf except where it is justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and then he (the Prophet ﷺ) recited - لَّسْتَ عَلَيْهِم بِمُصَيْطِرٍ  [ (O'Prophet ﷺ)  you don't have to burden yourself for them as Allah is watching over them) ] (Al-Ghaashiya - 22)


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 036

It has been narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I have been commanded to fight against people till they testify that there is no god but Allah, that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and they establish Salah, and pay Zakat and if they do it, their blood and property are guaranteed protection on my behalf except when justified by law, and their affairs rest with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).

 

Explanation

It is in Quran - لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ There shall be no compulsion in (acceptance of) the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong.  So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it.  And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.] (Al-Baqara - 256).

It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'Jibreel (عليه السلام) was so adamant in reminding me to be charitable with my neighbor that I thought my neighbor would be made my heir. (Bukhari)

It is in Hadith - The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :  He is not a believer who eats his fill whilst his neighbor beside him goes hungry' (Bukhari).

In both the above Ahadith, there is no mention that the neighbor should be a Muslim.  His faith, ethnicity and color, does not matter. 

Thus, Hadith # 36 above and other Ahadith in this topic are  meant for those non-believers who fight and kill Muslims and expel them from their homes.  These non-believers are identified in the following Quranic verses.

It is in Quran - لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ  -  إِنَّمَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ قَاتَلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَأَخْرَجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ وَظَاهَرُوا عَلَىٰ إِخْرَاجِكُمْ أَن تَوَلَّوْهُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُمْ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ [Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.  Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion and expel you from your homes and aid in your expulsion - (forbids) that you make allies of them. And whoever makes allies of them, then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Al-Mumtahana - 8-9). 

  

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 037
 

It Is narrated on the authority of Abu Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that  I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'He who professed that there is no god but Allah and made a denial of everything which the people worship beside Allah, his property and blood became inalienable, an their affairs rest with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 038

Abu Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated on the authority of his father that he heard the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : He who held belief in the unity of Allah, and then narrated what has been stated above.

 

وَحَدَّثَنِي حَرْمَلَةُ بْنُ يَحْيَى التُّجِيبِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ لَمَّا حَضَرَتْ أَبَا طَالِبٍ الْوَفَاةُ جَاءَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَوَجَدَ عِنْدَهُ أَبَا جَهْلٍ وَعَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ يَا عَمِّ قُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ كَلِمَةً أَشْهَدُ لَكَ بِهَا عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو جَهْلٍ وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي أُمَيَّةَ يَا أَبَا طَالِبٍ أَتَرْغَبُ عَنْ مِلَّةِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ ‏.‏ فَلَمْ يَزَلْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَعْرِضُهَا عَلَيْهِ وَيُعِيدُ لَهُ تِلْكَ الْمَقَالَةَ حَتَّى قَالَ أَبُو طَالِبٍ آخِرَ مَا كَلَّمَهُمْ هُوَ عَلَى مِلَّةِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ ‏.‏ وَأَبَى أَنْ يَقُولَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَمَا وَاللَّهِ لأَسْتَغْفِرَنَّ لَكَ مَا لَمْ أُنْهَ عَنْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏{‏ مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَنْ يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَى مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ‏}‏ ‏.‏ وَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى فِي أَبِي طَالِبٍ فَقَالَ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏{‏ إِنَّكَ لاَ تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ‏}‏‏.‏)

It is reported by Sa'id bin Musayyib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who narrated it on the authority of his father (Musayyib bin Hazm) that when Hadhrat Abu Talib was about to die, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to him and found with him Abu Jahl (Amr bin Hisham) and Abdullah bin Abu Umayya Ibn al-Mughirah. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : My uncle, say there is no god but Allah, and I will bear testimony before Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ). Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abu Umayya addressing him said : Abu Talib, would you abandon the religion of 'Abdul-Muttalib'? The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) constantly requested him, and  they (Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umayya) repeated the same statement,  till Hadhrat Abu Talib gave his final decision and be stuck to the religion of  Hadhrat Abdul-Muttalib and refused to profess that there is no god but Allah. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : By Allah, I will persistently beg pardon for you till I am forbidden to do so. It was then that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), revealed this verse -  مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن يَسْتَغْفِرُوا لِلْمُشْرِكِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْبَىٰ مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ [ It is not for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those who believe,  that they should ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even though they should be near relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are inmates of (Hell) Fire.] (At-Tauba - 113).  And it was said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ   [ Surely you cannot guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He likes, and He knows best (who are) the followers of the right way. (Al-Qasas - 56).

 

Explanation

The following are some important facts in this context.

(i) The last Narrator of the above Hadith, Al-Musaiyab, who is quoting from his father is reported to have embraced Islam  after the fall of Makka (11 years after the death of Hadhrat Abu Talib - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  

(ii) Verse 113 of Sura at-Tauba is mentioned in the above Hadith. It is claimed that this verse was revealed at the time of death of Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). However, it is a consensus (Ijma) of all scholars and A'imma  that the entire Surah at-Tauba (Bara'a) was revealed in 9th year of Hijra in Madinah.

It is in Hadith - Narrated Al-Bara - The last Sura that was revealed was Bara'a.... (Bukhari, Kitabut Tafseer, Vol 6, # 129). This above fact is also mentioned in  Tafseer-e-Qurtubi (Vol. 8, Page 49), Shawkani (Vol 3, Page 316) and other Tafaaseer.   As-Sawi wrote on the  Hashiya (gloss) on the tafseer Jalalayn, as follows  :  "This sura (at-Tauba) was sent down as a whole. The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said, "The Qur'an was sent down verse by verse except for Surat Bara'a (sura at-Tauba) which was sent down as a whole."

The death of Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) occurred in 619 AD,  the year of sorrow ( عام الحزن ), which was three years before Hijra.  Thus the difference between the death of Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and revelation of Sura at-Tauba (and of course the above verse) is  12 long years.  How this verse got added in the narration of the above Hadith is not known?

(iii) Quran testifies that ancestors of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), from Adam ( علیھ السلا م ) till his father, Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), were either Prophets or virtuous Momineen and were best among their people.  Therefore, they are the recipients of plentiful bounties in Hereafter.

It is in Quran - وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ  [And when you were transferred in the loins of the prostrating ones. (Meaning, all your ancestors were Momineen - the people who prostrated before Allah] (Ash Shuara - 219)

Imam Fakr al-Din Razi  wrote, ‘Verily the fathers of the prophets were not disbelievers, because of the saying of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) الَّذِي يَرَاكَ حِينَ تَقُومُ  -  وَتَقَلُّبَكَ فِي السَّاجِدِينَ  [ He is the One who sees you when you stand; and when you were transferred in the loins of the prostrating ones]. The meaning is that Noor-e-Mohammadi (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was transferred from one prostrating one to the next, proving that all forefathers of Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) were Muslims.’ (Seerah Halbiyya. Imam Muhammad Abu Zuhra, vol. I, p. 103).

It is in Hadith - The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said - "I descend from the best people. My ancestors are the best people." (Tirmidhi)

Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) confirms that he is on the religion of Hadhrat Abdul Muttalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). And Quran testifies Hadhrat Abdul Mutallib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the grandfather of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was Momin.  Thus, it is confirmed that Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) lived and died as Momin.  Read more.

Hadhrat Abu Talib's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) understanding about the faith of Hadhrat Abdul Muttalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was different from the understanding of Makkan Pagans, like Abu Jahel, Abu Lahab, etc.

Why would Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) support Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) in propagating Islam if he did not believe in it?  He had seen the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) very closely since his childhood. He loved him more than his own sons.  He knew the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) was honest and every word coming out of his mouth was truthful.  He knew Makkan pagans were wrongdoers and Idol worshipers. Therefore he stood as a solid rock in supporting the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and Deen-e-Islam.     

(iv) Hadhrat Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) believed in the Apostleship of Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even in his (Prophet's ﷺ) childhood and adolescence. 

It is in Hadith - When Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) decided to go to Syria along with the Quraish for business, he took the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) along with him. At that time, the age of the  Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) was 12 years, 2 months and 10 days. When the caravan reached Basra, there a hermit (Christian Monk) by name Buhaira recognized the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) the moment he saw him, as he had read in the previous heavenly books the attributes of the Last Prophet and the signs of his Prophet-hood.

Buhaira held the blessed hands of the Apostle ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and told the Quraish: He is the leader of the heavens and earths. He is the Prophet of the Lord of the Worlds and his greatness is 'Mercy for the whole universe'.

The Quraish asked him : How do you know all this? Buhaira replied: When you were ascending the valley, there was no tree or stone that did not prostrate to Him, at the time of heat, a small cloud covered Him and He has the Seal of Prophet-hood between both His shoulders. With great devotion and respect, Buhaira arranged a feast for the sake of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).

Buhaira told Hadhrat Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),  take your nephew back to Makkah and sell away your merchandise here itself, as the Jews are his die-hard enemies. There is a danger that they might martyr Him. Hence, Hadhrat Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) returned to Makkah along with the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). (Tirmidhi, Muwahib Ladunniya by Qastallani).  

The above episode shows Hadhrat Abu Talib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) believed in the Prophet-hood of Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).  This was the reason he returned back to Makka.  If he did not believe it, he would have ignored Buhaira and  continued his scheduled journey.  Read more.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 040
 
 
The same Hadith is mentioned through a different chain except it ends where it mentions that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) revealed the verses and it does not mention the verses. There is also a slight variation in words.
 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 041

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to his uncle at the time of his death : Say there is no god but Allah and I will bear testimony  on the Day of judgment. But he (Abu Talib) refused to do so. Then Allah revealed this verse - إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ  [ Surely you cannot guide whom you love. (Al-Qasas - 56).

 

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to his uncle (at the time of his death) : Say (my uncle) there is no god but Allah and I will bear testimony  on the Day of judgment. He (Abu Talib) said : Were it not the fear of the Quraysh blaming me (and) saying that it was the fear that induced me to do so, I would have certainly delighted your eyes. It was then that Allah revealed - And it was said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - إِنَّكَ لَا تَهْدِي مَنْ أَحْبَبْتَ وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ ۚ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِالْمُهْتَدِينَ   [ Surely you cannot guide whom you love, but Allah guides whom He likes, and He knows best (who are) the followers of the right way. (Al-Qasas - 56).

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَزُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، - قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، - عَنْ خَالِدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ حُمْرَانَ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ مَاتَ وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'He who died knowing (fully well) that there is no god but Allah entered Paradise.


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 044
 

It is narrated on the authority of Humran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying this : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttering these words (as stated above).

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that we were accompanying the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in a march (towards Tabuk). He (the narrator) said : The provisions with the people were almost depleted. He (the narrator) said : (And the situation became so critical) that they (the men of the army) decided to slaughter some of their camels. He (the narrator) said : Upon this Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I wish that you should pool together what has been left out of the provisions with the people and then invoke (the blessings of) Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) upon it. He (the narrator) said : He (the Prophet ﷺ) did it accordingly. He (the narrator) said : The one who had wheat in his possession came there with wheat. He who had dates with him came there with dates. And Mujahid said : He who possessed stones of dates came there with stones. I (the narrator) said : What did they do with the date-stones. They said : They (the people) sucked them and then drank water over them. He (the narrator said) : He (the Prophet ﷺ) invoked the blessings (of Allah) upon them (provisions). He (the narrator) said : (And there was such a miraculous increase in the stocks) that the people used their provisions fully (all through the journey). He (the narrator) said : At that time he (the Prophet  ﷺ) said : I bear testimony to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am His Apostle. The servants who would meet Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) without having any doubt about these would enter heaven.


 Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 046

It is narrated either on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) or that of Abu Sa'id Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). The narrator A'mash has narrated this hadith with a little bit of doubt (about the name of the very first narrator who was in direct contact with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He was either Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) or Abu Sa'id Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Both are equally reliable transmitters of the traditions). He (the narrator) said : During the time of Tabuk expedition, the (provisions) ran short and the men (of the army) suffered starvation; they said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), would you permit us to slay our camels? We would eat them and use their fat. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Do as you please. He (the narrator) said : Then Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came there and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), if you do that (if you give your consent and the men begin to slay their camels), the riding animals would become short. But summon them along with the provisions left with them. Then invoke Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) blessings on the provisions. It is hoped Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) shall bless them. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied in the affirmative. (the narrator) said : He called for a leather mat to be used as a table cloth and spread it out. Then he called people along with the remaining portions of their provisions. He (the narrator) said : Someone was coming with handful of mote, another was coming with a handful of dates, still another was coming with a portion of bread, till small quantities of these things were collected on the table cloth. He (the narrator said) : Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) invoked blessing (on them) and said : Fill your utensils with these provisions. He (the narrator) said: They filled their vessel to the brim with them, and no one among the army (which comprised of 30,000 persons) was left even with a single empty vessel. He (the narrator) aid : They ate to their fill, and there was still a surplus. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : I bear testimony that there is no god but Allah and I am the Apostle of Allah. The man who meets his Lord without harboring any doubt about these two (truths) would never be kept away from Paradise.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 047

It is narrated on the authority of Ubadah bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : 'He who said there is no god but Allah, He is One and there is no associate with Him, that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is his servant and His Apostle, that Isa (عليه السلام) is servant and the son of His slave-girl and he (Isa  عليه السلام) His word which He communicated to Mary and is His Spirit, that Paradise is a fact and Hell is a fact,' Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) would make him enter Paradise through any one of its eight doors which he would like.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 048
 

It is narrated on the authority of Umar bin Hani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with the same chain of transmitters with the exception of these words : Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) would make him enter Paradise through one of the eight doors which he would like.

 

It is narrated on the authority of Sunabihi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he went to Ubada bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when he was about to die. I burst into tears. Upon this he said to me : Allow me some time (so that I may talk with you). Why do you weep? By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), if I am asked to bear witness, I would certainly testify for you (that you are a believer). Should I be asked to intercede, I would certainly intercede for you, and if I have the power, I would certainly do good to you, and then observed : By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), never did I hear anything from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which could have been a source of benefit to you and then not conveyed it to you except this single Hadith. That I intend to narrate to you today, since I am going to breathe my last. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: He who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) would prohibit the fire of Hell for him.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 050

It is narrated on the authority of Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that I was riding behind the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and there was nothing between him and me but the rear part of the saddle, when he said : Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : To which I replied : At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ! He moved along for a few minutes, when again he said : Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : To which I replied: At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ! He then again moved along for a few minutes and said : Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : To which I replied. At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He, (the  Prophet  ﷺ) said : Do you know what right Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has upon His servants? I said : Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Verily the right of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) over His servants is that they should worship Him, not associating anything with Him. He (the Prophet ﷺ) with Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) behind him, moved along for a few minutes and said : Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : To which I replied : At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ! He (the  Prophet ﷺ) said : Do you know what rights have servants upon Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in case they do it (they worship Allah without associating anything with Him)? I (Mu'adh bin Jabalؓ ) replied: Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. (Upon this) he (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : He would not torment them (with the fire of Hell).

 

It is narrated on the authority of Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he observed : I was riding behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on an ass known as 'Ufair. He (Mu'adhؓ ) observed : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do you know what right has Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) over His servants and what right His servants have over Him? Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) added : I replied, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and his Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. Upon this the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : The right of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) over His servants is that they should worship Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and should not associate anything with Him, and the right of His servants over Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is that He does not punish him who associates not anything with Him. He (Mu'adhؓ ) added : I said to the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Should I then give the tidings to the people? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Do not tell them this good news, for they would trust in it alone.

 

It is narrated on the authority of Mu'adh in. Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do you know the right of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) over His servants? He (Mu'adhؓ ) said : Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. He (the Apostle ﷺ) said : That Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) alone should be worshiped and nothing should be associated with Him. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: What right the servants have upon Him in case they do it? He (Mu'adhؓ ) said: Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : That He would not punish them.

 

It is narrated on the authority of Aswad bin Hilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say this : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called, me and I replied to him. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: Do you know the right of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) upon the people? and then followed the Hadith (mentioned above).


 

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that we were sitting around the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Hadhrat Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) were also there among the audience. In the meanwhile the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) got up and left us.  He delayed in coming back, which caused anxiety that he might be attacked by some enemy when we were not with him. Being alarmed we got up. I was the first to be alarmed. I, therefore, went out to look for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and came to a garden belonging to the Banu an-Najjar, a section of the Ansar went round it looking for a gate but failed to find one. Seeing a rabi' ( stream) flowing into the garden from a well outside, drew myself together like a fox, and I slinked into (the place) where Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Is it Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? I (Abu Hurairaؓ ) replied : Yes, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : What is the matter with you? I replied : You were among us but got up and went away and delayed for a time, so fearing that you might be attacked by some enemy when we were not with you, we became alarmed. I was the first to be alarmed. So when I came to this garden, I drew myself together as a fox does, and these people are following me. He addressed me as Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and gave me his sandals and said : Take away these sandals of mine, and when you meet anyone outside this garden who testifies that there is no god but Allah, being assured of it in his heart, gladden him by announcing that he shall go to Paradise. Now the first one I met was Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He asked : What are these sandals, Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? I replied: These are the sandals of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with which he has sent me to gladden anyone I meet who testifies that there is no god but Allah, being assured of it in his heart, with the announcement that he would go to Paradise. Thereupon Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) struck me on the breast and I fell on my back. He then said : Go back, Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), So I returned to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and was about to break into tears.  Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) followed me closely and there he was behind me. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: What is the matter with you, Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? I said: I happened to meet Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and conveyed to him the message with which you sent me. He struck me on my breast which made me fall down upon my back and ordered me to go back. Upon this the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: What prompted you to do this, Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? He said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), my mother and father be sacrificed for you, did you send Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with your sandals to gladden anyone he met and who testified that there is no god but Allah, and being assured of it in his heart, with the tidings that he would go to Paradise? He said : Yes. Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: Please do it not, for I am afraid that people will trust in it alone; let them go on doing (good) deeds. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Well, let them.

It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) addressed Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as he was riding behind him to which he replied : At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He again called out : Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), to which he (again) replied: At your beck and call, and at your pleasure. He (the Prophet ﷺ) addressed him (again) : Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), to which he replied: At your beck and call, and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Upon this he (the Prophet ﷺ) observed : If anyone testifies that there is no god but Allah, and that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is His servant and His Apostle, Allah will immune him from Hell. He (Mu'adhؓ ) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), should I not then inform people of it, so that they may be of good cheer? He replied : Then they would trust in it alone. Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told about it at the time of his death, to avoid sinning.

It is narrated on the authority of 'Itban bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he came to Medina and said : Something had gone wrong with my eyesight. I, therefore, sent (a message to the Prophet ﷺ) : Verily it is my ardent desire that you should kindly grace my house with your presence and observe prayer there so that I should make that corner a place of worship. He said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came there, and those among the Companions whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) willed also accompanied him. He entered (my place) and offered prayer at my residence and his Companions began to talk among themselves (and this conversation centered round hypocrites), and then the conspicuous one, Malik bin Dukhshum was made the target and they wished that he (the Prophet ﷺ) should curse him and he should die or he should meet some calamity. In the meanwhile the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) completed his prayer and said : Does Malik bin Dukhshum not testify the fact that there is no god but Allah and verily I am the Apostle of Allah. They replied : He makes a profession of it (no doubt) but does not do it out of (sincere) heart. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : He who testifies that there is no god but Allah and I am the Apostle of Allah would not enter Hell or its (flames) would not consume him. Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : This Hadith impressed me very much and I told my son to write it down.

It is narrated on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Itban bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that he became blind.  He sent a message to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that he should come and mark a place of worship for him. Thereupon came the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his people,  and then there was a discussion among them about a man who was known as Malik bin Dukhshum, and subsequently the narrator described the Hadith of Sulaiman bin Mughira as stated above.

 

CHAPTER (11)

بَاب الدَّلِيلِ عَلَى أَنَّ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولًا فَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ وَإِنْ ارْتَكَبَ الْمَعَاصِيَ الْكَبَائِرَ

Evidence that the one who is content with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) as his Lord, Islam as his religion and Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as his prophet, then he is a believer, even if he commits major sins

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 058

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عُمَرَ الْمَكِّيُّ، وَبِشْرُ بْنُ الْحَكَمِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ - الدَّرَاوَرْدِيُّ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ ذَاقَ طَعْمَ الإِيمَانِ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً ‏"‏ ‏‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abbas bin Abdul-Muttalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : He has found the taste of Iman who is content with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) as his Lord, with Islam as his religion  and with Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as his Prophet.



حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَعَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ الْعَقَدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسَبْعُونَ شُعْبَةً وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Iman has over seventy branches, and modesty (الْحَيَاءُ) is a branch of Iman.

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Faith has over seventy  or sixty branches, the most excellent of which is the declaration that there is no god but Allah, and the humblest of which is the, removal of what is injurious from the path.   And modesty (الْحَيَاءُ) is the branch of faith.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 061

Salim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard a man censuring his brother regarding modesty. Upon this the Prophet remarked  modesty (الْحَيَاءِ) is part of Iman.


Zuhri has narrated this Hadith with the addition of these words : He (the Prophet ﷺ) happened to pass by an Ansari who was instructing his brother (about modesty).

 

It is narrated on the authority of 'Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Modesty (الْحَيَاءُ) brings forth nothing but goodness. Bushair bin Ka'b said : It is recorded in the books of wisdom, there lies sobriety  and calmness of mind in it. Imran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I am narrating to you the tradition of the Apostle of Allah () and you talk of your books.


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 064

It is narrated on the authority of Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). We were sitting with 'Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in a company and Bushair ibn Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was also among us. 'Imran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated to us that on a certain occasion the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Modesty is a virtue through and through, or said : Modesty is a goodness complete. Upon this Bushair ibn Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Verily we find in certain books or books (of wisdom) that it is God-inspired peace of mind or sobriety for the sake of Allah and there is also a weakness in it. Imran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was so much enraged that his eyes became red and he said : I am narrating to you the Hadith of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and you are contradicting it.  He (the narrator) said : Imran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Hadith, He (the narrator) said : Bushair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) repeated, (the same thing). Imran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was enraged. He (the narrator) said : We asserted, indeed, Bushair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is one among us, Abu Nujaid! There is nothing wrong, with him.

 

Ishaq bin Ibrahim narrates this Hadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the authority of Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), like the one narrated by Hammad bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).


 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَأَبُو كُرَيْبٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَإِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ جَرِيرٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، كُلُّهُمْ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الثَّقَفِيِّ، قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قُلْ لِي فِي الإِسْلاَمِ قَوْلاً لاَ أَسْأَلُ عَنْهُ أَحَدًا بَعْدَكَ - وَفِي حَدِيثِ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ غَيْرَكَ - قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُلْ آمَنْتُ بِاللَّهِ فَاسْتَقِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Sufyan bin Abdulla al-Thaqafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said : I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to tell me about Islam a thing which might dispense with the necessity of my asking anybody after you. In the Hadith of Abu Usama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the (words) are : other than you. He (the  Prophet ﷺ) remarked : Say I affirm my faith in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and then remain steadfast on it.

 

CHAPTER (14)

باب بَيَانِ تَفَاضُلِ الإِسْلاَمِ وَأَىِّ أُمُورِهِ أَفْضَلُ ‏‏

Clarifying the superiority of Islam, and what part of it is best

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 067
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا لَيْثٌ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحِ بْنِ الْمُهَاجِرِ، أَخْبَرَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْخَيْرِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ الإِسْلاَمِ خَيْرٌ قَالَ ‏ "‏ تُطْعِمُ الطَّعَامَ وَتَقْرَأُ السَّلاَمَ عَلَى مَنْ عَرَفْتَ وَمَنْ لَمْ تَعْرِفْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which of the merits (is superior) in Islam. He (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : That you provide food and extend greetings to one whom you know or do not know.

'Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is reported to have said : Verily a person asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who among the Muslims was better. Upon this (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : From whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.


It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : A Muslim is he from whose hand and tongue the Muslims are safe.


It is narrated on the authority of Abu Musa Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that  I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which (attribute) of Islam is more excellent. Upon this he (the Prophet ﷺ) remarked : One in which the Muslims are safe, protected from the tongue and hand of (other Muslims).


 
Ibrahim bin Sa'id al-Jauhari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated this Hadith with the same words,  in addition to these, 'the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  was asked as to who among Muslims is better, and the rest of the Hadith was narrated the same.

CHAPTER (15)

باب بَيَانِ خِصَالٍ مَنِ اتَّصَفَ بِهِنَّ وَجَدَ حَلاَوَةَ الإِيمَانِ

Clarification of those characteristics which, if a person attains them, will find the sweetness of Iman

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 072
 
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عُمَرَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنِ الثَّقَفِيِّ، - قَالَ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ، - عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ ثَلاَثٌ مَنْ كُنَّ فِيهِ وَجَدَ بِهِنَّ حَلاَوَةَ الإِيمَانِ مَنْ كَانَ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِمَّا سِوَاهُمَا وَأَنْ يُحِبَّ الْمَرْءَ لاَ يُحِبُّهُ إِلاَّ لِلَّهِ وَأَنْ يَكْرَهَ أَنْ يَعُودَ فِي الْكُفْرِ بَعْدَ أَنْ أَنْقَذَهُ اللَّهُ مِنْهُ كَمَا يَكْرَهُ أَنْ يُقْذَفَ فِي النَّارِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : There are three qualities,   anyone who is associated with, will relish the sweetness of Iman.  (i) To whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) are dearer than everything else. (ii)  Who loves a man for Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sake alone. (iii) Who has as great abhorrence to returning to unbelief after Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has rescued him from it,  as he would be cast into Hell.


It is reported on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : There are three qualities,   anyone who is associated with, will relish the sweetness of Iman.  (i) To whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) are dearer than everything else. (ii)  Who loves a man for Allah's (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sake alone. (iii) Who has as great abhorrence to returning to unbelief after Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has rescued him from it,  as he would be cast into Hell.

(The above two Ahadith (72-73) are similar with different chains of narrators).


A similar Hadith has been reported on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), with another chain of transmitters with the exception of these words : that he again becomes a Jew or a Christian.


CHAPTER (16)

باب وُجُوبِ مَحَبَّةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَكْثَرَ مِنَ الأَهْلِ وَالْوَلَدِ وَالْوَالِدِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ وَإِطْلاَقِ عَدَمِ الإِيمَانِ عَلَى مَنْ لَمْ يُحِبَّهُ هَذِهِ الْمَحَبَّةَ

The obligation to love the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) more than one's family, son, father, and all other people; And mentions of an absolute absence of faith regarding one who does not love him with such love.
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 075
 
وَحَدَّثَنِي زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا شَيْبَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يُؤْمِنُ عَبْدٌ - وَفِي حَدِيثِ عَبْدِ الْوَارِثِ الرَّجُلُ - حَتَّى أَكُونَ أَحَبَّ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَمَالِهِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : No Servant believes, and, in the Hadith narrated by Abdul Warith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) no person believes, till I am dearer to him than the members of his household, his wealth and the whole of mankind.


It is reported on the authority of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : None of you is a believer till I am dearer to him than his child, his father and the whole of mankind.

CHAPTER (17)

باب الدَّلِيلِ عَلَى أَنَّ مِنْ خِصَالِ الإِيمَانِ أَنْ يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِه مِنَ الْخَيْرِ

The evidence that one of the attributes of faith is to love for one's Muslim brother the same thing  that one loves for himself
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 077
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، وَابْنُ، بَشَّارٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ قَتَادَةَ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لأَخِيهِ - أَوْ قَالَ لِجَارِهِ - مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : "None among you believes (truly) until he loves for his brother" or he said "for his neighbor that which he loves for himself."


It is narrated on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : By Him in whose Hand is my life, no, servant (truly) believes till he likes for his neighbor, or he (the Prophet ﷺ) said: for his brother, whatever he likes for himself.

 
 

CHAPTER (18)

باب بَيَانِ تَحْرِيمِ إِيذَاءِ الْجَارِ ‏‏

Clarifying the prohibition of annoying one's neighbor
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 079
 
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، - قَالَ ابْنُ أَيُّوبَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الْعَلاَءُ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ يَدْخُلُ الْجَنَّةَ مَنْ لاَ يَأْمَنُ جَارُهُ بَوَائِقَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessing be upon him) observed : He will not enter Paradise whose neighbour is not secure from his wrongful conduct.

CHAPTER (19)

باب الْحَثِّ عَلَى إِكْرَامِ الْجَارِ وَالضَّيْفِ وَلُزُومِ الصَّمْتِ إِلاَّ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ وَكَوْنِ ذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ ‏‏

Encouragement to honor one's neighbor and guest, and the obligation to remain silent unless one has something good to say, and the fact that all of that is part of Iman
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 080 

حَدَّثَنِي حَرْمَلَةُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ خَيْرًا أَوْ لِيَصْمُتْ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ جَارَهُ وَمَنْ كَانَ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ ضَيْفَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : He who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should either utter good words or better keep silence; and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should treat his neighbor with kindness,  and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guest.


It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : He who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day does not harm his neighbor, and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day shows hospitality to his guest, and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day speaks good or remains silent.


Another Hadith similar to one narrated (above) by Abu Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is also reported by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with the exception of these words : He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : He should do good to the neighbor.


It is narrated on the authority of Abu Shuraih al-Khuzai (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : He who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should do good to his neighbor,  and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should show hospitality to the guest,  and he who believes in Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Last Day should either speak good or better remain silent.

 

CHAPTER (20)

باب بَيَانِ كَوْنِ النَّهْىِ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ، مِنَ الإِيمَانِ وَأَنَّ الإِيمَانَ يَزِيدُ وَيَنْقُصُ وَأَنَّ الأَمْرَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَالنَّهْيَ عَنِ الْمُنْكَرِ وَاجِبَانِ

Clarifying that forbidding evil is part of Iman, Iman increases and decreases; Enjoying what is good and forbidding what is evil are obligatory
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 084
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، كِلاَهُمَا عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ طَارِقِ بْنِ شِهَابٍ، - وَهَذَا حَدِيثُ أَبِي بَكْرٍ - قَالَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ بَدَأَ بِالْخُطْبَةِ يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ قَبْلَ الصَّلاَةِ مَرْوَانُ فَقَامَ إِلَيْهِ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ الصَّلاَةُ قَبْلَ الْخُطْبَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ قَدْ تُرِكَ مَا هُنَالِكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ أَمَّا هَذَا فَقَدْ قَضَى مَا عَلَيْهِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الإِيمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏

It is narrated on the authority of Tariq bin Shihab that it was Marwan who initiated (the practice) of delivering khutbah (address) before the prayer on the 'Eid' day. A man stood up and said : Prayer should precede khutbah. He (Marwan) remarked, This (practice) has been done away with. Upon this Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) remarked : This man has performed (his duty) laid on him. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: He who among you sees something abominable should modify it with the help of his hand; and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue, and if he has not strength enough to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Iman.


The same Hadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been reported by Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in connection with the story of Marwan.


It is narrated on the authority 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : Never a Prophet had been sent before me by Allah towards his nation who had not among his people (his) disciples and companions who followed his ways and obeyed his command. Then there came after them their successors who said whatever they did not practice, and practiced whatever they were not commanded to do. He who strove against them with his hand was a believer.  He who strove against them with his tongue was a believer, and he who strove against them with his heart was a believer and beyond that there is no faith even to the extent of a mustard seed. Abu Rafi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I narrated this Hadith to 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He contradicted me. There happened to come 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who stayed at Qanat, and 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wanted me to accompany him for visiting him (as 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud ؓ  was ailing), so I went along with him and as we sat (before him) I asked Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about this Hadith. He narrated it in the same way as I narrated it to Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).


The same Hadith has been transmitted by another chain of narrators on the authority of 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who observed : 'Never was there one among the prophets who had  not disciples who followed his direction and followed his ways.' The remaining part of the Hadith is like that as narrated by Salih (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) but the arrival of Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and the meeting of Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with him is not mentioned.

 
 

CHAPTER (21)

باب تَفَاضُلِ أَهْلِ الإِيمَانِ فِيهِ وَرُجْحَانِ أَهْلِ الْيَمَنِ فِيهِ ‏

People excel over one another in faith, and the superiority of the people of Yemen in faith
 
 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 088
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي ح، وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، كُلُّهُمْ عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي خَالِدٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَبِيبٍ الْحَارِثِيُّ، - وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ - حَدَّثَنَا مُعْتَمِرٌ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ قَيْسًا، يَرْوِي عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ أَشَارَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِيَدِهِ نَحْوَ الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ أَلاَ إِنَّ الإِيمَانَ هَا هُنَا وَإِنَّ الْقَسْوَةَ وَغِلَظَ الْقُلُوبِ فِي الْفَدَّادِينَ عِنْدَ أُصُولِ أَذْنَابِ الإِبِلِ حَيْثُ يَطْلُعُ قَرْنَا الشَّيْطَانِ فِي رَبِيعَةَ وَمُضَرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pointed towards Yemen with his hand and said : Verily Iman is towards this side, and harshness and callousness of the hearts is found among the rude owners of the camels who drive them behind their tails (to the direction) where emerge the two horns of Satan, they are the tribes of Rabi'a and Mudar.

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 089
 

It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : There have come the people of Yemen; they are tender at hearts, the belief is that of the Yemenites, the understanding (of the faith) is that of the Yemenites and sagacity is that of the Yemenites.


Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the same Hadith which is transmitted to us by another chain of transmitters, like Muhammad bin al-Muthanna, Ishaq bin Yusuf Azraq, Ibn 'Aun, etc.


Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : There came to you the people from Yemen; they are tender at hearts and mild of feelings, the understanding is Yemenite, the sagacity is Yemenite.


It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remarked : The summit of unbelief is towards the East and the pride and conceitedness is found among the owners of horses and camels who are rude and uncivil, people of the tents, and tranquillity is found among those who rear goats and sheep.


It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : The belief is among the Yemenites, and the unbelief is towards the East, and tranquillity is among those who rear goats and sheep, and pride and simulation is among the uncivil and rude owners of horses and camels.


It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying this: Pride and conceitedness is found among the uncivil owners of the camels and tranquillity is found among the owners of sheep and goats.


The same Hadith has been narrated by Zuhri with the same chain of authorities with the addition : The belief is among the Yemenites, the sagacity is that of the Yemenites.


Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying: There came the people of Yemen, they are tender in feelings and meek at hearts. The belief is that of the Yemenites, the sagacity is that of the Yemenites, the tranquillity is among the owners of goats and sheep, and pride and conceitedness is among the uncivil owners of the camels, the people of the tents in the direction of sunrise.


It is reporter on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : There came the people of Yemen who are soft at hearts, tender in feelings;  the belief is that of the Yemenites, the sagacity is that of the Yemenites and the summit of unbelief is towards the East.


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 098

Qutaiba bin Sa'id and Zubair bin Harb say : Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated this on the authority of A'mash (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with the same chain of narrators (as mentioned above).


Shu'ba narrated the Hadith as reported by Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with the same chain of narrators with this addition : Pride and conceitedness is among the owners of the camels and tranquillity and sobriety is found among the owners of sheep.


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 100

It is reported on the authority of Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : The callousness of heart and sternness is in the East and faith is among the people of the Hijaz.



حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، وَوَكِيعٌ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَدْخُلُونَ الْجَنَّةَ حَتَّى تُؤْمِنُوا وَلاَ تُؤْمِنُوا حَتَّى تَحَابُّوا ‏.‏ أَوَلاَ أَدُلُّكُمْ عَلَى شَىْءٍ إِذَا فَعَلْتُمُوهُ تَحَابَبْتُمْ أَفْشُوا السَّلاَمَ بَيْنَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed: You shall not enter Paradise so long as you do not affirm belief (in all those things which are the articles of faith) and you will not believe as long as you do not love one another. Should I not direct you to a thing which, if you do, will foster love among you :  spread the practice of saying 'As-salamu alaikum'.


Zuhair bin  Harb said : Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of A'mash (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with this chain of transmitters that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed : By him in Whose hand is my life, you shall not enter Paradise unless you believe. The rest of the Hadith is the same as above,  as narrated by Abu Mu'awiya and Waki'.

   

 

 

RELATED READING

(i) Sahih Muslim Volume 1

(ii) Sahih Muslim Volume 1.1

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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