صحيح العقيدة الإسلامية
QURANIC VERSES AND AHADITH RELATED TO SAHIH IMAN
(1) It is in Quran اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ - صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ [Meaning - (O'our Lord) Lead us to the straight path. The path of those on whom you have awarded your bestowal; and not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray. ( Al-Fateha 6-7)
(2) It is in Hadith رواه الترمذي - 2093، والحاكم - 1/199-200، وأبو نعيم في الحلية - 3/37 وأعله اللالكائي في السنة، وابن مندة، ومن طريقه الضياء عن ابن عمررضي الله عنهما - عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن الله لا يجمع هذه الأمة على ضلالة أبداً، وإن يد الله مع الجماعة، فاتبعوا السواد الأعظم، فإن من شذ شذ في النار
[Meaning - Hadhrat Ibn Omer (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated: the Apostle Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) will never let this (my) Ummah agree upon misguidance and the hand of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is over the group ( of Awliya Allah), so follow " السواد الأعظم " (the Pious Group of Believers - Awliya Allah / Sufi Shaikhs) and whoever dissents from them departs to Hell]. (Tirmidhi - book 4, Hadith 2167, al-Hakim)
(3) It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Perform the five times salah, fast during Ramadan, give zakat from your wealth, follow the true scholars of Deen, then enter your Lord's Paradise.' (Mishkat)
(4) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Whoever said "There is no real (worship-able) god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) (and Mohammad صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم is His Apostle)" and has in his heart good (Sahih Iman) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. (Bukhari)
(5) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Abu Dhar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Gabriel (علیـــه السلا م) said to me, "Whoever said there is no real (worship-able) god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) (and Mohammad صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم is His Apostle)" amongst your followers and died, will enter Paradise." The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked. "even if he has committed illegal sexual intercourse or theft?" He replied, "Even then." (Bukhari - Book #54, Hadith #445).
CORRECT UNDERSTANDING OF THE ABOVE AHADITH
In Hadith mentioned at # 2 above, some people translate Arabic term 'السواد الأعظم' as 'largest Group, or the group of large number of Muslims. This translation has created a lot of confusion among Muslims. And every sect started claiming that they are السواد الأعظم (Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a - the largest group). Even the Sky Idol God worshipers Salafis also claim to be Ahle Sunnah. Read more...
The Arabic word الأعظم is generally used to describe 'the importance or greatness', rather than 'largeness'. Meaning, the term 'السواد الأعظم' denotes the preeminence or importance of the Group, rather than its largeness in terms of the number of people in it.
Like we say الإمام الأعظم (Imam al- Azam) or الغوث الأعظم (Ghawth al-Azam), or الوزير الأعظم (Wazir al-Azam). Similarly 'السواد الأعظم', means 'greatness or preeminence of the Group (Ahle Sunnah)'.
When we look at the wordings of the Hadith, it says follow السواد الأعظم (Sawad al-Azam); meaning follow the most pious group who have been awarded with Allah's ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) bestowal. The Quranic verses (Al-Fateha 6-7) mentioned above lead us to this understanding.
For following a Group, all its members should be pious. If we take the meaning of السواد الأعظم (Sawad al-Azam) as the largest Group, then it is evident that all its members will not necessary be pious. How can we follow a group which is a mix of Fasiqeen (wrongdoers) as well as some good believers?
Therefore, only the group of Awliya Allah /Sufi Shaikhs of Ihsan qualify to be السواد الأعظم (Sawad al-Azam) as all its members are naturally pious by the grace of Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ).
We are not talking here about 'fake Sufi babas' and 'illiterate peers' who hunt needy people and run their 'spiritual shops' to make a fast buck.
Some people may argue that some famous Scholars of Islam have translated the Arabic term السواد الأعظم (Sawad al-Azam) as Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’a.
Indeed, the scholars and Imams were right in translating the term that way, because the real Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama’a are Awliya Allah/Sufi Shaikhs of Ihsan. By following their foot steps, others can also try to be within the category of real Ahle Sunnah.It is in Quran - أَلَا إِنَّ أَوْلِيَاءَ اللَّهِ لَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ - الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَكَانُوا يَتَّقُونَ - لَهُمُ الْبُشْرَىٰ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَفِي الْآخِرَةِ ۚ لَا تَبْدِيلَ لِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ هُوَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ [Meaning - Behold the friends of Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی ! On them shall come no fear, nor shall they grieve. These are they, who have believed in Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی and are mindful of (close to) Him and (have consequently abstained from everything evil). To them tidings come ( from Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی ) of a happy life both in this world and in Hereafter. The word of Allah - سبحانہ و تعا لی is never revoked. This in itself is a great felicity" (Younus - 62-64).
Awliya Allah are chosen people. Their Group is the only group which is referred to as السواد الأعظم (Sawad al-Azam) in the Hadith Tirmidhi we quoted above. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has commanded that everyone of us should follow that Group and whosoever dissents, will be thrown in Hell fire. People who follow this group are naturally part of Sawad al-Azam. There cannot be two opinions in this regard.
The following Hadith will clarify how Allah's ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) hand is on the Group of Awliya Allah.
It is in Hadith - “Whoever takes a Wali of Mine an enemy, I will wage war on him; and My slave will not perform any act with which he draws closer to Me, more beloved to Me then when he fulfills what I have ordained on him; and My salve will keep drawing closer to Me by performing the Nawafil (voluntary acts of worship) until I love him, and when I love him, I will be his hearing with which he hears, his sight with which he sees, his hands with which he strikes, and his legs with which he walks; and if he asks Me, I will give him; and if he seeks refuge with Me, I will grant him refuge” (Bukhari).
The emphasis on "Wali of mine" in the Hadith shows that Awliya Allah are chosen people and their Group should be followed by all of us.
It is a sad state of affairs that people belonging to all 72 deviant sects claim they are Ahle Sunnah, and all others should follow them. It is needless to say that these sects are in fools paradise and sure will realize their folly after their deaths .Awliya Allah walk on the path of Ihsan. Allah ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) gives them vision and understanding with which they can see the facts of things. They are pious and knowledgeable. They help in purification of minds of the people (tazkia nafs); correct people’s notions, educate them about the inner values and significance of Islam and draw people’s attention towards Divine signs and secrets in the cosmos. They follow Prophet Mohammad’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) foot steps in propagation of Sahih Iman. And we all need to follow them to ensure our Salvation.
The Ahadith at Nos. 3, 4 and 5 above emphasize the importance of Iman (in heart) over deeds (by limbs).
However, we should not think that being Muslims, we can do sins or committing sins is allowed in Islam (Astaghfirullah). Be careful, it should be known to everyone of that habitual sinners generally walk on the outer ring road of Islam, bordering Kufr.
If a person commits a sin repeatedly thinking that since many people are doing it in Muslim society, therefore it is allowed, then he is inviting himself the trouble of going out of Islam. Islam does not allow wrong doings. If you commit a sin and think that it is allowed in Islam, then you have invited a serious and bigger trouble for yourself.
Separating religion from day to day life or deliberately insisting on committing sins or making fun/mockery of established Sharia laws or making fun / mockery of real Muslims by calling them as "grave worshipers" are very serious issues that should not be taken lightly. The angels are recording every action. Watch out, you will not even know when you were declared as non-Muslim by Allah's ( سبحانہ و تعا لی ) appointed angels.
When a person commits the sin and considers that what he has done is wrong, deplorable and he should not repeat it or correct himself as soon as possible, then he remains Muslim.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT SAHIH IMAN
Islamic beliefs of Ahle Sunnah Wal Jama'a are as follows:
Iman - They follow Imam Asha'ri and Imam Maturidi in Islamic Creed/faith (Aqeedah /Iman).
Islam - They follow Imam Abu Hanifah, Imam Shafi'i, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal in Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh).
Ihsan - They follow Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiqu (RU) and Hazra Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RU) in Islamic Ihsan (تَصَوُّف ).The famous Salasil (Orders) of Ihsan attributed to Hazrat Abu Bakr and Ali (رضئ اللھ تعالی عنہم) are (i) Qadri, (ii) Naqshbandi, (iii) Chishti, (iv) Suharwardi, (v) Shazli, (vi) Badawi, (vii) Radhavi (Barelwi), etc.