THE SECRET TO TRANQUILITY
Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri
الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
Compilation of English poetry by Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri titled 'The Secret to Tranquility' is divided into the following sections.
(i) The Secret to Tranquility Part (1) - Devotion to Almighty (حمدِ باری تعالیٰ).
(ii) The Secret to Tranquility Part (2) - Encomiums (نعت) of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).(iii) The Secret to tranquility Part (3) - Eulogies in honor of Dignitaries.(iv) The Secret to tranquility Part (4) - Exclusive poetry.
Needless to say that the poetry is different from prose. And even in prose, expressions and the meanings of the words differ. Like the expression will be different when a Judge writes a court verdict, or scientists or educationists describe a subject in science, mathematics, medicine or engineering.
To understand true meanings of poetry, the reader should have some knowledge of poetical expressions and terms generally used in poetry. Like the poet says to his beloved, 'your eyes are like stars, your eyes have the depth of an ocean, you are my life, wherever I see, I see your face' and so on. Like some people call their wife/little daughter as 'Honey, Habibti, Jaan, Janu', etc. All these are metaphors generally used by poets.
Similarly, the literal/textual meaning of the word Shaikh (الشیخ) is 'Old Man'. But all Islamic writers and Sufi poets use this term to refer to their teacher or an Islamic scholar.
There are metaphorical verses (آیاتِ مُتشابھات) in Quran that need to be understood in their proper perspective. In the same way, there are a number of Ahadith that need to be understood in their proper perspectives.
Sufi Shuyookh/Awliya Allah also use metaphors in their poetry for Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and their Shuyooks to express their love, respect and affection. Like, they say, O' my Lord, wherever I see, I see you'. 'My Lord is visible to me in everything around me'. 'I do not see anything, except my Lord'. 'I talk to my Lord and He replies to me'. 'I am annihilated in the existence of my Lord', and so on.
The above are all references to Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) guidance and inspirations received by Sahih-ul-Aqeedah Sufis/Awliya Allah on their pure hearts. They see Allah's (سبحانہ و تعا لی) signs in everything around them because Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has commanded us in Quran to see His signs in the Cosmos.
(i) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - "Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said 'Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is not hidden from you". (Bukhari)(ii) It is in Quran - وَلِلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ ۚ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَاسِعٌ عَلِيمٌ [Meaning - "To Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) belong the East and the West. Wherever you turn, you will find Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) ( Meaning Allah- سبحانہ و تعا لی is Omnipresent - existing everywhere every moment). Indeed Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is all pervading (He is there throughout the Cosmos) and Omniscient (infinitely wise ). ] (Al-Baqra – 115 )(iii) It is in Quran - وَفِىٓ أَنفُسِكُمۡۚ أَفَلَا تُبۡصِرُونَ [Meaning - 'He is in your own self, will you not see'] (Adh-Dhariyat - 21).
Like we say, 'I am a Government servant", "I am a public servant" and "I am a servant of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی)". Here the meaning of Servant are different in all three expressions.
Like we address 'My Lord' to the Judge of a Court and we address the same "My Lord" for Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). In both these places, we mean differently.
Like Sufi Shuyookh say 'I am your servant ( banda /abd ) O' Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم )'. Then they say 'I am your servant (banda/abd) My Lord'. They mean differently on both these instances. For Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ), they mean 'I am your devoted follower O' Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and for Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), they mean His creature.
In the same way, some people call 'help me Ya Ghousul Azam Dastagir (المدد یا غوث الاعظم دستگیر) ) or Ya Ali Mushkil Kusha (یا علی مُشکِل کُشا) - (رضئ الله تعالى عنهم). The meaning of 'Mushkil Kusha' is solver of difficulties. It is the Iman of every Muslim in the world that the actual solver of our difficulties is Allah ( سبحانه و تعا لی ) only. However, when someone addresses Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Mushkil Kusha, he actually means that O'Allah (سبحانه و تعا لی) solve my difficulties by the Waseelah of Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).
There are innumerable Ahadith about seeking of Waseelah for solving our problems from pious dead and alive both; like (i) “Seek every benefit from the pious faces” (Al-Jaama’ al-Sagheer, page 43-44); (ii) “O men of Allah! Help me” (Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaibah, volume 10, page 10; (iii) Masnad Abu Ya’laa, Hadith # 5269; (iv) Majama’ al-Zawaid, volume 10, page 132).
Doing “Tawassul” from Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) by Hazrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and then doing “Tawassul” from Hazrat Abbas ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is mentioned in Bukhari, Hadith # 1010, narrated by Anas ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).
Some people keep their son's name 'Abd ar-Rasool', 'Abd an-Nabi,' that means the follower of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم )'.
There are thousands of words we use repeatedly on many occasions and we mean differently on each occasion. These are known as metaphorical expressions. Metaphors add beauty to poetry.
UNDERSTANDING ISLAMIC ISSUES
Usually, people look at the blue surface of the water spread over a vast area and call it an ocean. What they see is only the surface of the Ocean. They do not know what is the actual meaning of Ocean, how deep and complex it is, what kind of inhabitants live under the ocean and what kind of atmosphere is their inside the depths of the ocean. Very few people, who happen to go deep into the oceans have an idea about the nature of the ocean.
People belonging to some sects in Muslims are ignorant about Human Self, Soul and Body. They derive literal/textual meanings of certain verses of Quran and Ahadith and interpret the rest of the Quran and Ahadith as per their limited understanding and claim it to be Islam. They never try to find the real meanings of the commandments of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ). This is the reason they remain on the surface and never realize the truth, depth and real spirit of Islam. Read more.
Sufi poetry contains spiritual experiences of Shuyookh of Islam in various states of progression from Sharia, to Tareeqa, to Haqeeqah and Ma'arefa. They also write about their experiences of the Administration of Spiritual realm (عالمِ مثال). These issues are part of spiritual hidden knowledge.
It is in Quran - فَوَجَدَا عَبْدًا مِّنْ عِبَادِنَا آتَيْنَاهُ رَحْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا وَعَلَّمْنَاهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا عِلْمًا (Then they found one of Our Servants on whom We had conferred a special favor from Our Presence, and whom We had taught special hidden knowledge from Us) (Al-Kahf - 65).
What is Ilm-e-Ladunni (Special Hidden knowledge) referred to in the above verse? This is the knowledge of the Spiritual Realm (عالمِ مثال) which is given to Sufia-e-Karam/Awliya Allah as a special favor from their Lord. These issues cannot be understood by verbal explanations, you need to see them and experience them personally.
Sahi-ul-Aqeeda Sufis'/Awliya Allah's expressions of their emotions and their intrinsic spiritual states should be understood in their proper perspective from their poetry. If you do not understand these expressions, it is better to learn about them from a reliable Sufi Shaikh of Ihsan.