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 SUNAN IBN MAJAH

 

  VOLUME (1.1)

  

BOOK OF SUNNAH  

 كتاب السنّه

 

 

 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will not take away knowledge by removing it from people (from their hearts). Rather He will take away knowledge by taking away the scholars, then when there are no scholars left, the people will take the ignorant as their leaders. They will be asked questions and they will issue verdicts without knowledge, thus they will go astray and lead others astray."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever is given a Fatwa (verdict) that has no basis, then his sin will be upon the one who issued that Fatwa.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 054
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Knowledge is based on three things, and anything beyond that is superfluous : a clear Verse, an established Sunnah, or the rulings by which the inheritance is divided fairly."
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 055
 
Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent me to Yemen, he said : 'Do not pass any judgment or make any decision except on the basis of what you know (from Quran and Sunnah). If you are uncertain about a matter, wait until you understand it fully, or write to me concerning it.' 
 

 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'The affairs of the Children of Israel remained fair until Muwalladun ( the children of female slaves from other nations) emerged among them. They spoke of their own opinions (in religious matters) and so they went astray and led others go astray.'
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

بَابٌ فِي الْإِيمَانِ

Regarding Iman
 
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 057
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الطَّنَافِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ الإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ أَوْ سَبْعُونَ بَابًا أَدْنَاهَا إِمَاطَةُ الأَذَى عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَأَرْفَعُهَا قَوْلُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ سُهَيْلٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Iman has sixty or seventy parts, the least of which is to remove a harmful thing from the road and the greatest of which is to say  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [There is no go but Allah]. And modesty (الْحَيَاءُ) is a branch of Iman.'
 
There is another chain of the above Hadith from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with similar wording.
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 058
 
It was narrated from Saalim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said,  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard a man urging his brother to be modest. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'Indeed modesty is a branch of Iman.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 059
 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'No one will enter Paradise who has even a mustard seed's weight of arrogance in his heart, and no one will enter Hell who has even a mustard seed's weight of Iman in his heart.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 060
 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has saved the believers from Hell and they are safe, none of you will dispute with his companion more vehemently for some right of his in this world than the believers will dispute with their Lord on behalf of their brothers in faith who have entered Hell. They will say : 'Our Lord! They are our brothers, they used to pray with us, fast with us and perform Hajj with us, and you have admitted them to Hell.' He will say : 'Go and bring forth those whom you recognize among them.'  So they will come to them, and they will recognize them by their faces. The Fire will not consume their faces, although there will be some whom the Fire will seize halfway up their shins, and others whom it will seize up to their ankles. They will bring them forth, and will say. 'Our Lord, we have brought forth those whom You commanded us to bring forth.' Then He will say : 'Bring forth those who have a Dinar's weight of faith in their hearts, then those who have half a Dinar's weight in their hearts, then those who have a mustard-seed's weight.' Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'He who does not believe this, let him recite (this Quranic verse)  إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ ۖ وَإِن تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَاعِفْهَا وَيُؤْتِ مِن لَّدُنْهُ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا [ Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom, but is there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.] (An-Nisa - 40)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jundub bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'we were with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and we were strong youths, so we learned Iman before we learned Qur'an. Then we learned Qur'an and our Iman increased thereby.'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There are two types of people among this Ummah who have no share of Islam : The Murji'ah and the Qadariyyah.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 063
 
It was narrated that  Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'we were sitting with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when a man came to him whose clothes were intensely white and whose hair was intensely black; no signs of travel could be seen upon him, and none of us recognized him. He sat down facing the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), with his knees touching his, and he put his hands on his thighs, and said : 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Islam?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Apostle of Allah, to establishSalah, to pay Zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to perform Hajj to the House (Ka'bah).' He said : 'You have spoken the truth. 'We were amazed by him : He asked a question, then told him that he had spoken the truth. Then he said : 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Iman? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To believe in Allah, His angels, His Apostles, His books, the Last day, and the Divine Decree (Qadar), both the good of it and the bad of it.'  He said 'You have spoken the truth.'  We were amazed by him. He asked a question, then told him that he had spoken the truth. Then he said: 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Ihsan? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you do not see Him, He sees you.' He asked : "When will the Hour be?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'The one who is being asked about it does not know more than the one who is asking. ' He asked : 'Then what are its signs?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'When the slave woman gives birth to her mistress' (Waki' said : this means when non-Arabs will give birth to Arabs) 'and when you see barefoot, naked, destitute shepherds competing in constructing tall buildings.' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) met me three days later and asked me : 'Do you know who that man was? I said 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and his Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best.'  He said : 'That was Jibril (عليه السلام), who came to teach you your religion.'"
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said one day the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) appeared among the people. A man came to him and said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Iman?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'To believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His Apostles and the meeting with Him, and to believe in the Final Resurrection.' He said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Islam?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'To worship Allah (alone) and not to associate anything with Him; to establish Salah, to pay Zakat, and to fast in Ramadan.' He said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Ihsan? He (the Prophet ) said : 'To worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you do not see Him, He sees you.' He said : "O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), when will the Hour be?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'The one who is being asked about it does not know more than the one who is asking. But I will tell you about its signs. When the slave woman gives birth to her mistress that is one of its signs. When the shepherds compete in constructing tall buildings that is one of its signs. And there are five things which no one knows except Allah.' Then he (the Apostle of Allah ﷺ) recited (this Quranic verse) : إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْأَرْحَامِ ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَّاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ  [Verily Allah! with Him alone is the knowledge of the Hour and He  is Who sends (down the rain) and knows that which is in the wombs and no person knows whatsoever he shall earn tomorrow, and a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah is Knowing and aware.] (Luqman - 34).
 
 
 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali bin Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Iman is knowledge in the heart, words on the tongue and action with physical faculties.'
 
Ibn Jauzi said the above Hadith is not authentic. 
 
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother" or he said "for his neighbor, what he loves for himself."
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 067
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'None of you truly believes until I am more beloved to him than his child, his father and all the people.'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 068
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'By the One in whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not (truly) believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greetings of Salam among yourselves.'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 069
 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Verbally abusing a Muslim is immorality and fighting him is Kufr (disbelief).'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 070
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever departs this world with sincerity towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), worshiping Him alone with no partner, establishing Salah and paying Zakat, he dies while Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is pleased with him.' Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "This is the religion of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) which was brought by the Apostles (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and which they conveyed from their Lord before there arose the confusion of people's chattering and conflicting desires. This is confirmed in the Book of Allah, in one of the Last Verses to be revealed, where Allah says فَإِنْ تَابُوا [ But if they repent]  renounce their idols and (stop) worshiping them.  وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ  [And establish Salah and give Zakat]. And Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says in another verse فَإِن تَابُوا وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ [But if they repent, perform Salah and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.] (At-Tauba - 11)
 
There is another chain of narrators with similar wording for this Hadith. 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify to  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [There is no god but Allah} and that I am the Apostle of Allah, and establish regular prayers and pay Zakat.'
 

Explanation

It is in Quran - لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ There shall be no compulsion in (acceptance of) the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong.  So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it.  And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.] (Al-Baqara - 256).

It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'Jibreel (عليه السلام) was so adamant in reminding me to be charitable with my neighbor that I thought my neighbor would be made my heir. (Bukhari)

It is in Hadith - The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :  He is not a believer who eats his fill whilst his neighbor beside him goes hungry' (Bukhari).

In both the above Ahadith, there is no mention that the neighbor should be a Muslim.  His faith, ethnicity and color, does not matter. 

Thus, Hadith # 18 above is meant for those non-believers who fight and kill Muslims and expel them from their homes.  These non-believers are identified in the following Quranic verses.

It is in Quran - لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ  -  إِنَّمَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ قَاتَلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَأَخْرَجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ وَظَاهَرُوا عَلَىٰ إِخْرَاجِكُمْ أَن تَوَلَّوْهُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُمْ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ [Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.  Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion and expel you from your homes and aid in your expulsion - (forbids) that you make allies of them. And whoever makes allies of them, then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Al-Mumtahana - 8-9). 

 

It was narrated that Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify to  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [None has the right to be worshiped but Allah) and that I am the Apostle of Allah, and establish regular prayers and pay Zakat.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There are two types among my Ummah who have no share of Islam : the people of Irja' and the people of Qadar.
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 074
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Iman increases and decreases."
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Iman increases and decreases.

 

 

RELATED READING

 

 (i) Sunan Ibn Majah

(ii) Imam Ibn Maja (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

(iii) Books of Ahadith

(iv) Translation and guides of books of Ahadith

 

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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