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العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN IBN MAJAH

 

  VOLUME (1.1)

  

BOOK OF SUNNAH  

 كتاب السنّه

 

 

 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will not take away knowledge by removing it from people (from their hearts). Rather He will take away knowledge by taking away the scholars, then when there are no scholars left, the people will take the ignorant as their leaders. They will be asked questions and they will issue verdicts without knowledge, thus they will go astray and lead others astray."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever is given a Fatwa (verdict) that has no basis, then his sin will be upon the one who issued that Fatwa.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 054
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Knowledge is based on three things, and anything beyond that is superfluous : a clear Verse, an established Sunnah, or the rulings by which the inheritance is divided fairly."
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 055
 
Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent me to Yemen, he said : 'Do not pass any judgment or make any decision except on the basis of what you know (from Quran and Sunnah). If you are uncertain about a matter, wait until you understand it fully, or write to me concerning it.' 
 

 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'The affairs of the Children of Israel remained fair until Muwalladun ( the children of female slaves from other nations) emerged among them. They spoke of their own opinions (in religious matters) and so they went astray and led others go astray.'
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

بَابٌ فِي الْإِيمَانِ

Regarding Iman
 
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 057
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الطَّنَافِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ الإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ أَوْ سَبْعُونَ بَابًا أَدْنَاهَا إِمَاطَةُ الأَذَى عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَأَرْفَعُهَا قَوْلُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ سُهَيْلٍ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Iman has sixty or seventy parts, the least of which is to remove a harmful thing from the road and the greatest of which is to say  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [There is no go but Allah]. And modesty (الْحَيَاءُ) is a branch of Iman.'
 
There is another chain of the above Hadith from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with similar wording.
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 058
 
It was narrated from Saalim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said,  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard a man urging his brother to be modest. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'Indeed modesty is a branch of Iman.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 059
 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'No one will enter Paradise who has even a mustard seed's weight of arrogance in his heart, and no one will enter Hell who has even a mustard seed's weight of Iman in his heart.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 060
 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has saved the believers from Hell and they are safe, none of you will dispute with his companion more vehemently for some right of his in this world than the believers will dispute with their Lord on behalf of their brothers in faith who have entered Hell. They will say : 'Our Lord! They are our brothers, they used to pray with us, fast with us and perform Hajj with us, and you have admitted them to Hell.' He will say : 'Go and bring forth those whom you recognize among them.'  So they will come to them, and they will recognize them by their faces. The Fire will not consume their faces, although there will be some whom the Fire will seize halfway up their shins, and others whom it will seize up to their ankles. They will bring them forth, and will say. 'Our Lord, we have brought forth those whom You commanded us to bring forth.' Then He will say : 'Bring forth those who have a Dinar's weight of faith in their hearts, then those who have half a Dinar's weight in their hearts, then those who have a mustard-seed's weight.' Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'He who does not believe this, let him recite (this Quranic verse)  إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَالَ ذَرَّةٍ ۖ وَإِن تَكُ حَسَنَةً يُضَاعِفْهَا وَيُؤْتِ مِن لَّدُنْهُ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا [ Surely, Allah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom, but is there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from Him a great reward.] (An-Nisa - 40)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jundub bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'we were with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and we were strong youths, so we learned Iman before we learned Qur'an. Then we learned Qur'an and our Iman increased thereby.'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There are two types of people among this Ummah who have no share of Islam : The Murji'ah and the Qadariyyah.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 063
 
It was narrated that  Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'we were sitting with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when a man came to him whose clothes were intensely white and whose hair was intensely black; no signs of travel could be seen upon him, and none of us recognized him. He sat down facing the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), with his knees touching his, and he put his hands on his thighs, and said : 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Islam?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am the Apostle of Allah, to establishSalah, to pay Zakat, to fast in Ramadan, and to perform Hajj to the House (Ka'bah).' He said : 'You have spoken the truth. 'We were amazed by him : He asked a question, then told him that he had spoken the truth. Then he said : 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Iman? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To believe in Allah, His angels, His Apostles, His books, the Last day, and the Divine Decree (Qadar), both the good of it and the bad of it.'  He said 'You have spoken the truth.'  We were amazed by him. He asked a question, then told him that he had spoken the truth. Then he said: 'O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Ihsan? He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'To worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you do not see Him, He sees you.' He asked : "When will the Hour be?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'The one who is being asked about it does not know more than the one who is asking. ' He asked : 'Then what are its signs?' He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'When the slave woman gives birth to her mistress' (Waki' said : this means when non-Arabs will give birth to Arabs) 'and when you see barefoot, naked, destitute shepherds competing in constructing tall buildings.' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) met me three days later and asked me : 'Do you know who that man was? I said 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and his Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best.'  He said : 'That was Jibril (عليه السلام), who came to teach you your religion.'"
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said one day the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) appeared among the people. A man came to him and said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Iman?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'To believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His Apostles and the meeting with Him, and to believe in the Final Resurrection.' He said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Islam?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'To worship Allah (alone) and not to associate anything with Him; to establish Salah, to pay Zakat, and to fast in Ramadan.' He said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is Ihsan? He (the Prophet ) said : 'To worship Allah as if you see Him, for even though you do not see Him, He sees you.' He said : "O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), when will the Hour be?' He (the Prophet ) said : 'The one who is being asked about it does not know more than the one who is asking. But I will tell you about its signs. When the slave woman gives birth to her mistress that is one of its signs. When the shepherds compete in constructing tall buildings that is one of its signs. And there are five things which no one knows except Allah.' Then he (the Apostle of Allah ﷺ) recited (this Quranic verse) : إِنَّ اللَّهَ عِندَهُ عِلْمُ السَّاعَةِ وَيُنَزِّلُ الْغَيْثَ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا فِي الْأَرْحَامِ ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ مَّاذَا تَكْسِبُ غَدًا ۖ وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ  [Verily Allah! with Him alone is the knowledge of the Hour and He  is Who sends (down the rain) and knows that which is in the wombs and no person knows whatsoever he shall earn tomorrow, and a person knows not in whatsoever land he shall die. Verily Allah is Knowing and aware.] (Luqman - 34).
 
 
 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Iman is knowledge in the heart, words on the tongue and action with physical faculties.'
 
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'None of you truly believes until he loves for his brother" or he said "for his neighbor, what he loves for himself."
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 067
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'None of you truly believes until I am more beloved to him than his child, his father and all the people.'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 068
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'By the One in whose Hand is my soul! You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not (truly) believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greetings of Salam among yourselves.'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 069
 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Verbally abusing a Muslim is immorality and fighting him is Kufr (disbelief).'"
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 070
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever departs this world with sincerity towards Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), worshiping Him alone with no partner, establishing Salah and paying Zakat, he dies while Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is pleased with him.' Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "This is the religion of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) which was brought by the Apostles (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and which they conveyed from their Lord before there arose the confusion of people's chattering and conflicting desires. This is confirmed in the Book of Allah, in one of the Last Verses to be revealed, where Allah says فَإِنْ تَابُوا [ But if they repent]  renounce their idols and (stop) worshiping them.  وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ  [And establish Salah and give Zakat]. And Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) says in another verse فَإِن تَابُوا وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ فَإِخْوَانُكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ [But if they repent, perform Salah and give Zakat, then they are your brethren in religion.] (At-Tauba - 11)
 
There is another chain of narrators with similar wording for this Hadith. 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify to  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [There is no god but Allah} and that I am the Apostle of Allah, and establish regular prayers and pay Zakat.'
 

Explanation

It is in Quran - لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ [ There shall be no compulsion in (acceptance of) the religion. The right course has become clear from the wrong.  So whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah has grasped the most trustworthy handhold with no break in it.  And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.] (Al-Baqara - 256).

It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'Jibreel (عليه السلام) was so adamant in reminding me to be charitable with my neighbor that I thought my neighbor would be made my heir. (Bukhari)

It is in Hadith - The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :  He is not a believer who eats his fill whilst his neighbor beside him goes hungry' (Bukhari).

In both the above Ahadith, there is no mention that the neighbor should be a Muslim.  His faith, ethnicity and color, does not matter. 

Thus, Hadith # 18 above is meant for those non-believers who fight and kill Muslims and expel them from their homes.  These non-believers are identified in the following Quranic verses.

It is in Quran - لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ  -  إِنَّمَا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ قَاتَلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَأَخْرَجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ وَظَاهَرُوا عَلَىٰ إِخْرَاجِكُمْ أَن تَوَلَّوْهُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُمْ فَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ [Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.  Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion and expel you from your homes and aid in your expulsion - (forbids) that you make allies of them. And whoever makes allies of them, then it is those who are the wrongdoers. (Al-Mumtahana - 8-9). 

 

It was narrated that Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they testify to  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [None has the right to be worshiped but Allah) and that I am the Apostle of Allah, and establish regular prayers and pay Zakat.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There are two types among my Ummah who have no share of Islam : the people of Irja' and the people of Qadar.
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 074
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Iman increases and decreases."
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Iman increases and decreases.
 
 

CHAPTER (10)

بَابٌ فِي الْقَدَرِ

Regarding Divine Decree (Qadr)
 
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 076
 
It is narrated on the authority of Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said,  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the true and truly inspired one, told us that  'the creation of one of you is put together in his mother's womb for forty days, then it becomes a clot for a similar length of time, then it becomes a chewed lump of flesh for a similar length of time. Then Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) sends the angel to him and commands him to write down four things. He says : "Write down his deeds, his life span, his provision, and whether he is doomed (destined for Hell) or blessed (destined for Paradise)." By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! One of you may do the deeds of the people of Paradise until there is no more than a forearm's length between him and it, then the decree overtakes him and he does the deeds of the people of Hell until there is no more than a forearm's length between him and it, then the decree overtakes him and he does the deeds of the people of Paradise until he enters therein."
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 077
 
It was narrated that Ibn Dailami (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I was confused about this Divine Decree (Qadar), and I was afraid lest that adversely affect my religion and my affairs. So I went to Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said: 'O Abu Mundhir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! I am confused about the Divine Decree, and I fear for my religion and my affairs, so tell me something about that through which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) may benefit me.' He said : 'If Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) were to punish the inhabitants of His heavens and of his earth, He would do so and He would not be unjust towards them. And if He were to have mercy on them, His mercy would be better for them than their own deeds. If you had the (the gold) equivalent of Mount Uhud which you spent in the cause of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), that would not be accepted from you until you believed in the Divine Decree and you know that whatever has befallen you, could not have passed you by; and whatever has passed you by, could not have befallen you; and that if you were to die believing anything other than this, you would enter Hell. And it will not harm you to go to my brother, 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and ask him (about this).' So I went to 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and asked him , and he said something similar to what Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had said, and he told me : 'It will not harm you to go to Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).' So I went to Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and asked him, and he said something similar to what they had said. And he told me : 'Go to Zaid bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and ask him.' So I went to Zaid bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and asked him, and he said: 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: "If Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) were to punish the inhabitants of His heavens and of His earth, he would do so and He would not be unjust towards them. And if He were to have mercy on them, His mercy would be better for them than their own deeds. If you had (gold) equivalent of  Mount Uhud which you spent in the cause of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), that would not be accepted from you until you believed in the Divine Decree and you know that whatever has befallen you, could not have passed you by; and whatever has passed you by, could not have befallen you; and that if you were to die believing anything other than this, you would enter Hell"

 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were sitting with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he had a stick in his hand. He scratched in the ground with it, then raised his head and said : 'There is no one among you but his place in Paradise or Hell has already been decreed.'  He was asked : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), should we not then rely upon that?' He said : 'No, strive and do not rely upon that, for it will be made easy for each person to do that for which he was created.' Then he recited (these Quranic verses) -  فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَى وَاتَّقَى - وَصَدَّقَ بِالْحُسْنَى - فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْيُسْرَى - وَأَمَّا مَنْ بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَى - وَكَذَّبَ بِالْحُسْنَى - فَسَنُيَسِّرُهُ لِلْعُسْرَى  [As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and fears Him, and believes in the best reward. We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient. And denies the best reward. We will make smooth for him the path of evil.] (Al-Lail - 5-10)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The strong believer is better and more beloved to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) than the weak believer, although both are good. Strive for that which will benefit you, seek the help of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and do not feel helpless. If anything befalls you, do not say, "if only I had done such and such" rather say قَدَّرَ اللَّهُ وَمَا شَاءَ فَعَلَ [ Allah has decreed and whatever he wills, He does]." For (saying) 'If',  opens (the door) to the deeds of Satan.'"
 
 
It was narrated that Amr bin Dinar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) heard Tawus (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "I heard Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrating that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Adam (عليه السلام) and Musa (عليه السلام) debated, and Musa (عليه السلام) said to him : "O Adam (عليه السلام), you are our father but have deprived us and caused us to be expelled from Paradise because of your sin."  Adam (عليه السلام) said to him : "O Musa (عليه السلام), Allah chose you to speak with, and he wrote the Tawrah for you with His own Hand. Are you blaming me for something which Allah () decreed for me forty years before He created me?" Thus Adam (عليه السلام) won the argument with Musa (عليه السلام), thus Adam (عليه السلام) won the argument with Musa (عليه السلام), (said it three times)
 
 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'No servant truly believes until he believes in four things: in Allah alone with no partner; that I am the Apostle of Allah; in the resurrection after death; and in the Divine Decree (Qadar).'"
 

 
It was narrated on the authority of Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that she said ; the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  was called to the funeral of a child from among the Ansar. I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), glad tidings for him! He is one of the little birds of Paradise, who never did evil or reached the age of doing evil.' He said: 'It may not be so, O 'Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)! For Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) created people for Paradise, He created them for it when they were still in their father's loins, And He has created people for Hell, He created them for it when they were still in their fathers' loins.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the idolators and Quraish came and disputed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) concerning the Divine Decree. Then the following verse was revealed  يَوْمَ يُسْحَبُونَ فِي النَّارِ عَلَى وُجُوهِهِمْ ذُوقُوا مَسَّ سَقَرَ - إِنَّا كُلَّ شَىْءٍ خَلَقْنَاهُ بِقَدَرٍ [ The Day they will be dragged on their faces into the Fire (it will be said to them): "Taste you the touch of Hell! Verily We have created all things with Qadar. (Divine Decree)] (Al-Qamar - 48-49)
 
 
 
Abdullah bin Abi Mulaikah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father went to Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and said something to her about the Divine Decree.  She said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Whoever says anything about the Divine decree, will be questioned about that on the Day of Resurrection, and whoever does not say anything about it will not be questioned about it.'
 
There is another chain of narration for this Hadith with similar wording.
 

 
Amr bin Shu'aib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that his grandfather said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to his Companions when they were disputing about the Divine Decree, and it was as if pomegranate seeds had burst on his face (meaning his face turned red) because of anger. He said : 'Have you been commanded to do this, or were you created for this purpose? You are using one part of the Qur'an against another part, and this is what led to the doom of the nations who came before you.'" 'Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I was never happy to have missed a gathering with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as I was to have missed that gathering.'
 

Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 086
 
It is narrated on the authority of Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :'There is no contagious disease (to catch others without Allah's permission); nor is there evil omen; nor is there Hamah (a of bird by which they used to have bad omen of one's death if it came on his house's roof). A Bedouin stood up and said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what about a camel that suffers from mange and then all other camels get mange?' He said : 'That is because of the Divine Decree. How else did the first one get mange?'"
 
 
 
Sha'bi said when Adi bin Hatim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to Kufah, we came to him with a delegation of the Fuqaha of Kufah and said to him : 'Tell us of something that you heard from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' He said : 'I came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said : "O 'Adi bin Hatim  enter Islam and you will be safe." I said, "What is Islam?" He said : "To testify to La ilaha illallah (there is no god except Allah) and that I am the Apostle of Allah, and to believe in all the Divine Decrees, the good of them and the bad of them, the sweet of them and the bitter of them."
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The similitude of the heart (of anyone of you in its quick turning from one state to another, from one desire to another) is like a (single) feather, which the (heavy stormy) wind moves in a  desert.
 

 
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) 'A man from the Ansar came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said, O'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I have a slave-girl (with whom I have sexual relations) : (Is it permissible for me that ) I should practice Coitus interruptus with her?  On that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said (It is of no effect since) she will receive (no more than) what has been decreed for her.  Later, he came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) again and said, 'the slave girl has become pregnant'.  The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'Noting has been decreed for a nafs but that it will receive it.'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said :"The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Nothing extends one's life span but righteousness, nothing averts the Divine Decree but supplication, and nothing deprives a man of provision but the sin that he commits.'"
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith # 091
 
 
It was narrated on the authority of Suraqah Ibn Ju'shum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) ; I said ; O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), is the deed (we do) related to that with which the pen became dry (after it had finished from writing it), and has been decreed, or it is related to what will happen (which has not yet been decided)?'  The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, Nay, it is related to that with which the pen became dry (after it had finished from writing it), and has been decreed; and everyone is made to find it easy to do that for which he has been created'.
 

 
It was narrated that Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The Magicians of this Ummah are those who deny the decrees of Allah. If they fall sick, do not visit them; if they die, do not attend their funerals; and if you meet them, do not greet them with Salam.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have no need of the friendship of any Khalil (close friend) but if I were to have taken anyone as a close friend, I would have taken Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as a close friend, but your companion is the close friend of Allah,'" (One of the narrators) Waki' said : (by the phrase 'your companion'), the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was referring to himself.
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The wealth of none of you has benefited me as much as the wealth of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'" Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wept and said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I and my wealth are only for you only.
 

 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah () said: 'Abu Bakr and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) are the leaders of the mature people of Paradise, including the first and the last generations, except for the Prophets and Apostles, but do not tell them about that, O'Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), as long as they are still alive.'"
 

 
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The people of the highest degrees of Paradise will be seen by those beneath them as a rising star is seen on the horizon. Abu Bakr and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) will be among them, and how blessed they are!'"
 

 
It was narrated that Hudhaifah bin Yaman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'I do not know how long I will stay among you, so follow the example of these two after I am gone,' and he pointed to Abu Bakr and `Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما)."
 

 
It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : When Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (died and his body) was placed on the deathbed, surrounded by the people who were invoking and offering funeral prayer (or praising and offering prayer) for him, and I was among them, before he was carried (to be buried).  I was surprised by a man pushing me, and he caught hold of my shoulder.  I turned behind, and behold! It was Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  He prayed for Allah's mercy on him and then said, 'You have not left behind a person, the like of whose deeds I wish to meet Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) with more than yours.  By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), I always hoped that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will keep you with your two companions, for I often heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying ; "I , Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) were (somewhere).  I, Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) did (something).  I, Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) set out. "  So I hoped that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will keep you with both of them. 
 

 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) set out walking in between Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Then he said, 'In such (a state of companionship) we will be raised (on the day of Judgement).
 

 
It was narrated from 'Awn bin Abi Juhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Abu Bakr and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) are the leaders of the mature people of Paradise, the first and the last generation, except for the Prophets and the Apostles.'"
 

 
It was narrated on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "It was said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), which of the people is most beloved to you?' He said : "Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).' It was asked, 'And among men?' He said: 'Her father.'"
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.2)

فَضْلُ عُمَرَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
    
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Shaqiq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I said to  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) which of the (Prophet's ﷺ ) Companions was most beloved to him?' She said : 'Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).' I said : 'Then which of them?' She said : ''Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).' I said: 'Then which of them?' She said: 'Abu 'Ubaidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) became Muslim,  Jibril (عليه السلام) came down and said : 'O Muhammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) no doubt, the inhabitants of the heaven rejoiced at 'Umar's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Islam.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Umar is the first with whom the truth shakes hand (meaning, he is the fist companion to whom the truth is inspired and is manifest on his tongue); and he is the first whom it greets; and he is the first of whose hand it will take hold in order to admit him into the garden (because of his being helped reach such a truth).  
 

 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'O Allah! Strengthen Islam with the help of  'Umar bin Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), in particular.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Salimah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard  Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : 'The best of people after the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and the best of people after Abu Bakr is,  'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
 
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were sitting with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said : 'While I was sleeping I saw myself in Paradise, and I saw a woman performing ablution beside a palace. I asked : "Whose palace is this?" She said: "'Umar's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)." I remembered his protective jealousy (that no one should be around him except the Prophet ﷺ), so I turned away and left.'" Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : ''Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wept and said : 'May my father and mother be sacrificed for you, O'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Would I feel any protective jealousy for you?'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Allah has placed the truth on the tongue of 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and he speaks with that (truth).'"
 
 

CHAPTER (11.3)

فَضْلُ عُثْمانَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Hadhrat Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Every Prophet will have a friend in Paradise, and my friend there will be 'Uthman bin 'Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) met 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) at the door of the mosque and said : "O 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! Jibril (عليه السلام) has told me that Allah married you to Umm Kulthum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) for a dowry like that of Ruqayyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), provided that you treat her as you treated Ruqayyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)."
 

 
It is narrated on the authority of Ka'b Ibn Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that (one day) the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made a mention of a would be affliction (فِتْنَةً) , (telling that its coming is) close in time.  Then, a man whose head was covered (by his garment) passed by, thereupon the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'This (passer-by) will be on the right guidance on that day (when the affliction will happen).  I jumped up and caught hold of both arms of Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (who was going, his face in his garment), and then I turned my face to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and asked : Is it this (whom you mean)?.  He answered in the affirmative.
 
 
 
It was narrated that  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "O 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), if Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) places you in authority over this matter (as caliph) some day and the hypocrites want to rid you of the garment with which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has clothed you (the position of Caliph), do not take it off.' He said that three times. (One of the narrators) Nu'man said : "I said to  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : 'What kept you from telling the people about it?' She said : 'I was made to forget it.'
 

 
It was narrated that  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "When he was ill, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I would like to have one of my companions with me.' We said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Shall we call Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for you?' He remained silent. We said : 'Shall we call 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for you?' He remained silent. We said : 'Shall we call 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for you?' He said : 'Yes.' So 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and he spoke to him in private. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) started to speak to him and 'Uthman's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) expression changed." Qais said : "Abu Sahlah, the freed slave of 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), narrated to me that on the Day when he was besieged in his House, 'Uthman bin 'Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told me what would come to pass and now I am coming to that day.' In his narration of the Hadith, Ali (one of the narrators) said (that Uthmanؓ  said) : "And I am going to bear it with patience." Qais said : "They used to think that,  that was the Day (in which he was assassinated.)"
 
 

CHAPTER (11.4)

فَضْلُ عَلِي بِنْ اَبْي طَالِبِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
It was narrated that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Unlettered Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) informed me  that none but a believer would love me and none but a hypocrite would hate me."
 
 
 
Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "Would it not please you that to me, you are like  Harun (عليه السلام) was to Musa (عليه السلام)?"
 

 
It was narrated that Bara bin Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We returned with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from the Hajj that he had performed, and we stopped at some point on the road. He commanded that prayer should be performed in congregation, then he took the hand of Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said: 'Am I not dearer to the believers than their own selves?' They said : 'Yes indeed.' He said : 'Am I not dearer to every believer than his own self?' They said : 'Yes indeed.' He said : 'This man is the friend of those whose master I am.' O' Allah, take as friends those who take him as  friend, and take as enemies those who take him as an enemy.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abu laila (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said :"Abu Laila (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to travel with Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and he used to wear summer clothes in winter and winter clothes in summer. We said : 'Why don't you ask him (about that)?' He said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent for me and my eyes were sore on the Day of Khaibar. I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), my eyes are sore.' He put some spittle into my eyes, then he said: 'O'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), take heat and cold away from him.' I never felt hot or cold again after that day. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : 'I will send a man who loves Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) love, and he is not one who flees from the battlefield.'  The people craned their necks to see, and he sent for Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and gave it (the banner) to him."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Hasan and Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) will be the leaders of the youth of Paradise, and their father is better than them."
 

 
It was narrated that Hubshi bin Junadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is part of me and I am part of him, and no one will represent me except 'Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abbad bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I am the (sincere) servant of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the brother of His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I am further the one who hastened to trust (the truth, whose embracing Islam was) older (than anyone of men); and none but a liar has the same claim after me.  I offered the prayer (behind the Apostle ﷺ) seven years earlier than the people.'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Sa'd bin Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came on one of his pilgrimages and met with Sa'd. They mentioned Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and Mu'awiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) criticized him.  Sa'd became angry and said : 'Are you saying this of a man of whom I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : "If I am a person's close friend, Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is also his close friend." And I heard him say : "You are to me like Harun (عليه السلام) was to Musa (عليه السلام), except that there will be no Prophet after me." And I heard him say : "I will give the banner today to a man who loves Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 
 

CHAPTER (11.5)

فَضْلُ اَلزُبَيرِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said on the Day of Quraizah : 'Who will bring us news of the people?' Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'I will.' The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Who will bring us news of the people?' Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'I will,' three times. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, every Prophet has a Hawari (sincere supporter/disciple) and my Hawari is Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) named his parents together for me (He invoked,  let my parents be sacrificed for you) on the Day of Uhad."
 
 
 
It was narrated from Hisham bin 'Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : ''Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said to me : 'O 'Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), your  fathers : Az-Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (his father in law) were those who answered (the call of) Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even after being wounded.
 
 

CHAPTER (11.6)

فَضْلُ اَلطَلحةَ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  Talha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) passed by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said : "A martyr walking upon the face of the earth."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Mu'awiyah bin Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) looked at Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said : 'This is one of those who fulfilled their covenant.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Musa bin Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We were with Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is one of those who fulfilled their covenant.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Qais (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I saw the paralyzed hand of Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), with which he had defended the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the Day of Uhud."
 
 

CHAPTER (11.7)

فَضْلُ سَعْدَ بْنَ أَبِي وَقَّاصِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  S'ad bin Abu Waqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I never saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mention his parents together for anyone except Sa'd bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said to him on the Day of Uhud : 'Shoot, Sa'd  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! May my father and mother be sacrificed for you!'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Sa'eed bin Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mentioned his parents together for me on the Day of Uhud. He said : 'Shoot, Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! May my father and mother be sacrificed for you!'"
 

 
It was narrated that Qais (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: 'I am the first of the Arabs to shoot an arrow in the cause of Allah.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Hashim bin Hashim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard Sa'eed bin Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : 'Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Nobody embraced Islam on the very day I embraced Islam; and I spent seven days, during which I constituted one-third of the Muslims [from among the free men, who did not hide their Iman - the other two being  the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  It is reported that that  Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was the seventh of seven Muslims, including men and women.]
 
 

CHAPTER (11.8)

فَضْائِلُ العَشرَةِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُم

Virtues of  the ten Sahabah  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)

 
It was narrated that Sa'eed bin Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was one of the Ten (given glad tidings of Paradise). He  (the Prophet ﷺ) said : (i) Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (ii) Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (iii) Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (iv) Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (v) Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (vi) Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (vii) Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise; (viii)Abdur-Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in Paradise." He (the Prophet ﷺ) was asked : 'Who will be the ninth?' He said: 'I will.'"
 

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdur Rahman ibn Awf () that the Apostle of Allah () said,  (i) Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise;  (ii) Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise;  (iii) Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise; (iv) Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise; (v) Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise; (vi) Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise; (vii) Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise;  (viii) Abdur-Rahman Ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise, (ix) Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise and (x) Abu Ubaidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is in Paradise.   (Tirmidhi, Ahmad)

 
 
It was narrated that Sa'eed bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I bear witness that I heard the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) of Allah say : 'Stand firm, O (mountain of) Hira', for there is no one upon you but a Prophet, a  Siddique, or a martyr .' " Then he counted them as follows : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Ibn 'Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Sa'eed bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.9)

فَضْلُ اَبِي عُبَيدةَ بْنِ الْجََّرحِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  Abu Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated from Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to the people of Najran : "I will send a trustworthy man with you, who is indeed trustworthy." The people craned their necks to see, and he sent Abu 'Ubaidah bin Jarrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Abu 'Ubaidah bin Jarrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "This is the trustworthy man of this Ummah."
 
 

CHAPTER (11.10)

فَضْلُ عَبْدِاللهِ بْنِ الْمَسْعُودِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  Abdullah bin Masood (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'If I were to appoint anyone as my successor without consulting anyone, I would have appointed Ibn Umm Abd, the nick name of Abdullah bin Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 

 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) gave him the glad tidings that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had said : "Whoever would like to recite the Qur'an as fresh as when it was revealed, let him recite it like Ibn Umm 'Abd (the nick name of Abdullah bin Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to me : 'The sign that you have been permitted to come in to my house,  is that you raise the curtain and that you hear me speaking quietly (to my Lord), unless I forbid you."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.11)

فَضْلُ العبَّاسِ بْنِ عَبدُ الْمُطَلِّبِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of  Abbas Ibn al-Mutallib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abbas bin 'Abdul-Muttalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We used to come across groups of Quraish who would be talking, but they would stop talking (when we approached). We mentioned that to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said: 'What is the matter with people who talk, then when they see a man from my family they stop talking? By Allah, faith will not enter a person's heart until he loves them for the sake of Allah and because of their closeness to me.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Allah has taken me as a close friend (Khalil) as He took Ibrahim (عليه السلام) as a close friend. So my house and the house of Ibrahim (عليه السلام) will be opposite to one another on the Day of Resurrection, and  Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) will be in between us, a believer between two close friends.'" (Maudu)
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.12)

فَضْلُ الحسَنِ والْحُسينِ بْنِ عَلِي بِنْ اَبْي طَالِبِ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُم

Virtues of  Imams al-Hassan and al-Husain ibn Ali   (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Hassan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "O Allah, I love him, so love him and love those who love him." He said : "And he hugged him to his chest."
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever loves Hassan and Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما), loves me; and whoever hates them, hates me.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Sa'eed bin Abu Rashid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Ya'la bin Murrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told them that : They had gone out with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to a meal to which they had been invited, and Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was there playing in the street. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came in front of the people and stretched out his hands for him, and the child started to run here and there. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made him laugh until he caught him, then he put one hand under his chin and the other on his head and kissed him, and said, "Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is part of me and I am part of him. May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) love those who love Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is  (one of) the Head of my descendants. This Hadith is narrated with another chain with same meaning.  
 

 
It was narrated that Zaid bin Arqam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Ali, Fatimah, Hasan and Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) : 'I am in peace for those with whom you make peace, and I am in war with those with whom you make war.'"
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.13)

فَضْلُ عَمّارِ بْنِ يَاسِرِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Ammar bin Yasir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I was sitting with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and 'Ammar bin Yasir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked permission to enter. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Let him in, welcome to the good and the purified.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Hani bin Hani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that : Ammar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  came to Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he said: "Welcome to the good and the purified. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Ammar's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) heart overflows with faith.  
 

 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: ''Ammar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) -  no two things were shown to him but he chose the better of the two.''
 
 

CHAPTER (11.14)

فَضْلُ سَلمان وَ اَبي ذَرْ والْمِقدادِ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُم

Virtues of Salman, Abu Dhar and al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)
 
 
 
Ibn Buraidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah has commanded me to love four people, and He told me that He also loves them.' He was asked: 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who are they?' He said : ''Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is one of them,' and he said that three times, 'and Abu Dharr, Salman and Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم ).'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The first people to declare their Islam publicly were seven : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Ammar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and his mother Sumayyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), Suhaib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). With regard to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) protected him through his paternal uncle Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). With regard to Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) protected him through his people. As for the rest, the idolators seized them and made them wear coats of chain-mail and exposed them to the intense heat of the sun. There was none of them who did not do what they wanted them to do, except for Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He did not care what happened to him for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and his people did not care what happened to him. Then they gave him to the children who took him around in the streets of Makkah while he was saying, 'Ahad, Ahad (One, One).'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have been tortured for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) as no one else has, and I have suffered fear for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) as no one else has. I have spent three days when Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and I had no food that any living being could eat but that which could be concealed in the armpit of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
 

CHAPTER (11.15)

فََضَائلُ بِلَالِ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 

 
It was narrated from Salim that a poet praised Bilal bin Abdullah  and said "Bilal bin Abdullah is better than any other Bilal." Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'You are lying. The Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is better than any other Bilal.'
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.16)

فََضَائلُ خَبَّابِ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Khabbab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Laila Al-Kindi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Khabbab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to `Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said : 'Come close, for no one deserves this meeting more than you, except Ammar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).' Then Khabbab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) started to show him the marks on his back where the idolaters had tortured him."
 
 
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The most merciful of my Ummah towards my Ummah is Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); the one who adheres most sternly to the religion of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); the most sincere of them in shyness and modesty is 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); the best judge is Ali bin Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); the best in reciting the Book of Allah is Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); the most knowledgeable of what is lawful and unlawful is Mu'adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); and the most knowledgeable of the rules of inheritance (Fara'id) is Zaid bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). And every nation has a trustworthy guardian, and the trustworthy guardian of this Ummah is Abu 'Ubaidah bin Jarrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."
 

 
Another chain with similar wording (as # 154) but he (the Prophet ) said that : Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was : "The most knowledgeable of them concerning the rules of inheritance."
 
 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

(i) Sunan Ibn Majah Volume  1

(ii) Sunan Ibn Majah Volume 1.2

 

السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته

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