END TIME HAPPENINGS BEFORE QIYAMAH IN THE LIGHT OF QURAN AND AHADITH
بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم
الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
Islamic literature is full of minor and major signs that will appear before Qiyamah. When we look at the minor signs prophesied in Ahadith, we realize that more or less, all minor signs have already appeared in our life times.
It is in Quran - فَهَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا السَّاعَةَ أَن تَأْتِيَهُم بَغْتَةً ۖ فَقَدْ جَاءَ أَشْرَاطُهَا ۚ فَأَنَّىٰ لَهُمْ إِذَا جَاءَتْهُمْ ذِكْرَاهُمْ [Are they waiting for anything except the Hour (Qiyamah), to come to them suddenly? But its Signs have already come!" (Mohammad - 18)
It is in Quran - اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ [The Hour has come near, and the moon has split (in two)]. (Qamar - 1)
All our Ulema agree that minor signs mentioned in Ahadith have already appeared in the world; except the appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م) which is considered a bridge between the minor and major signs.
It is in Hadith - The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The Earth will be filled with injustice and corruption. At that time, a man (Imam Mahdi علیه السلا م) from among my progeny will rise and will rule for seven or nine years and will fill the Earth with Justice and Equity. (Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 3, P. 27).
It is in Hadith - Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "At the end of the time of my Ummah, Mahdi (علیه السلا م) will appear. Allah will grant him rain, the Earth will bring forth its fruits, he will give a lot of money, cattle will increase and the Ummah will become great. He will rule for seven or eight years. (Mustadrak al-Hakim, 4/557-58 - He described Isnad of the Hadith as Sahih. ad-Dhahbi agreed with him. Salafi scholar al-Bani also agreed with Dhahabi in his book Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahihah, Vol.2, P. 336, Hadith # 771).
Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م) is prophesied to appear in the Grand Mosque in Makkah. He will live for 7 or 9 years from the time of his appearance. During these 7 years, the appearance of Dajjal and the descent of Prophet Isa (علیه السلا م) is also slated.
In his second coming, Prophet Isa (علیه السلا م) will live for 30 or 40 years in the world, during which the appearance and end of Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog) is also slated.
With the above sequence of events, several major signs will appear in about 40 to 50 years from the appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م).
Ahadith also inform us that there will be a turbulent world scenario prelude to the appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م). During this period, emergence of an evil tyrant "Sufyani" is expected. Sufyani, who will emerge before the appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م) will be involved in merciless killing of Muslims, anarchy and destruction in the world.
Some people are of the opinion that we are living in a period that is prelude to the appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م); and there are clear signs that Sufyani has already emerged in the world.
There are many speculative theories circulating on Internet and social media in this context. Also, there are claims and counter claims of fake Mahdis in the world. Our readers have requested us to clarify these issues in the light of Quran, Ahadith.
We have a written a series of Articles in this context and expect that our readers will benefit from them.
END TIMES MINOR SIGNS
Following are some important minor signs that indicate that humanity has witnessed more or less all minor signs of Qiyamah and we are heading to the era of major signs.
(i) All nations will gather and team up against Muslims as the predators gather and team up against their preys. Even though Muslims will be in great numbers but they will be as powerless as the foam of the water on the surface of the river. (Abu Dawud, Book 37, Hadith # 4297)
(ii) Undeserving and dishonest people will become Leaders of Muslims. (Bukhari, Vol 8, Book 76, Hadith # 503)
(iii) Muslim rulers will not follow the guidance (of Quran) and tradition of the Sunnah. Some of them will have hearts of devils in their human body) (Tirmidhee 2653 and Ibn Maajah 4048 )
(iv) People will Seek knowledge from misguided scholars. (Musnad Ahmad Hadith 21-334 & 335)
(v) Religious ignorance will spread, truthful knowledge will vanish and there will be killing of (innocent) people in large numbers. (Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Hadith # 184)
(vi) Muslims will get divided into 73 different sects (and hundreds of subgroups). All groups will be in Hell except one group who are on the right path of Islam. (Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, Ahmad, Tirmidhi)
It is in Quran - إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ ۚ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللَّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ [As for those who divide their religion and break up into sects, Allah has no part in them in the least (they have gone astray). Their affair is with Allah. He will in the end tell them the truth of all that they did ( they lost the right path and they will be dwellers of Hell).] (Al-Anam - 159)
(vii) Among Muslims, there will be some people (and scholars) who will lead people according to principles other than Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Sunnah. There will be some others (scholars) who will invite people to the doors of Hell and whoever accepts their invitation, he will be thrown in Hell. These misguided people will be from within the Muslim community (Salafis, Deobandis, Ammanis, Shias, etc.). Muslims should stick to their chief who is on the right path of Islam. If they do not find a Chief or the righteous group, they should "Keep away from all those different sects (and their sub groups), even if they had to bite (eat) the root of a tree, till they meet Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی). (Bukhari Book # 56, Hadith # 803 and Muslim Book # 20, Hadith # 4553).
(viii) In the end times, a man will commence his morning as a believer but will become a disbeliever by the evening or will be a believer in the evening, and morning he will become a disbeliever. He will sell his religion for some petty worldly gains (petro dollars). (Muslim, Book of faith, # 118; Tirmidhi, Book al-Fitan # 2195; Ahmed, Vol 2, p 390).
(ix) There will be prevalence of tribulation (fitnah) everywhere. Taqwa will disappear and fear of God will vanish from people's hearts. ( Sahih Muslim, Book 1, Hadith # 213)
(x) The liar will be believed, the truthful will be considered a liar and the honest will be treated as a traitor. (Sunan At-Tirmidhi # 2209)
(xi) Time will pass rapidly, a year will look like a month, a month will look like a week and a week will look like a day. Good deeds will decrease, miserliness will increase, afflictions will strike and there will be massacres of innocent people. (Bukhari, Vol 8, Hadith # 63; Tirmidhi)(xii) There will be earthquakes, slander, stringed instruments and widespread (provocative, evil) female singers and wine will be permitted. (Saheeh al-Jaami # 3665)(xiii) There will be widespread Riba (dealings in interest), Zina (adultery) and drinking of alcohol. (Sahih Muslim Book 41, Hadith # 7015)(xiv) There will be increase in the number of women over men. (Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 3, Hadith # 81)(xv) People will compete in the construction of very tall buildings. (Sahih Bukhari Vol. 9, Book 88, Hadith # 237)
END TIMES MAJOR SIGNS
Following are some major signs before the end of this World.
(i) Appearance of Imam Mahdi (علیه السلا م)
(ii) Appearance of Dajjal
(iii) Second Coming of Isa (علیه السلا م)
(iv) Yajooj & Majooj (Gog & Magog)
(v) Other Happenings until the first trumpet is blown.
It is in Hadith - Narrated Hudhaifa bin Usaid Ghifari (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) : "Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us all of a sudden, as we were busy in a discussion. He said, 'What are you discussing?' They (the Companions) said, 'We are discussing the Last Hour.' Thereupon he said, 'It will not come until you see ten signs before it.' And he made a mention of (i) smoke, (ii) Dajjal, (iii) the Beast, (iv) Rising of the Sun from the West, (v) the descent of Isa Ibn Maryam (علیه السلا م), (vi) Yajooj and Majooj (Gog and Magog), and (vii) Landslides in three places, One in the East, (viii) One in the West, and (ix) One in Arabia; at the end of which a (x) Fire would burn forth from Yemen and drive people to the place of their Assembly". (Muslim).