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العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 JAMI AT-TIRMIDHI

 

  VOLUME (1.4)

  

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

 

CHAPTER (41)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ أَنْ يَأْخُذَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ عَلَى الأَذَانِ أَجْرًا

What has been related about the dislike for the Mu'adh-dhin taking a wage for the Adhan

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 061
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو زُبَيْدٍ، - وَهُوَ عَبْثَرُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ عَنْ أَشْعَثَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَاصِ، قَالَ إِنَّ مِنْ آخِرِ مَا عَهِدَ إِلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنِ اتَّخِذْ مُؤَذِّنًا لاَ يَأْخُذُ عَلَى أَذَانِهِ أَجْرًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عُثْمَانَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ كَرِهُوا أَنْ يَأْخُذَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ عَلَى الأَذَانِ أَجْرًا وَاسْتَحَبُّوا لِلْمُؤَذِّنِ أَنْ يَحْتَسِبَ فِي أَذَانِهِ ‏.‏

Uthman bin Abi Al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : "Indeed, the last (of the orders) the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave me, was to employ a Mu'adh-dhin who would not take a wage for his Adhan."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih. The people of knowledge dislike a Muadh-dhin to take a wage for the Adhan and they consider it recommended for the Muadh-dhin to seek the reward (from Allah) for his Adhan.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنِ الْحُكَيْمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ الْمُؤَذِّنَ وَأَنَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا غُفِرَ لَهُ ذَنْبُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ اللَّيْثِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ حُكَيْمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ ‏.‏
 
Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever says, when he hears the Mu'adh-dhin - وَأَنَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا  [ And I testify that there is no god but Allah, alone without partners, and that Mohammad is His servant and Apostle, I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, with Islam as my religion and Mohammad as His Apostle], Allah will pardon his sins.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, this Hadith is Hasan Sahih Ghrib.  We do not know of it except from the narration of Al-Laith bin Sa'd from Hukaim bin Abdullah bin Qais. 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَهْلِ بْنِ عَسْكَرٍ الْبَغْدَادِيُّ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ الْحِمْصِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبُ بْنُ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُنْكَدِرِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ النِّدَاءَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ إِلاَّ حَلَّتْ لَهُ الشَّفَاعَةُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ جَابِرٍ حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ حَدِيثِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ لاَ نَعْلَمُ أَحَدًا رَوَاهُ غَيْرَ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو حَمْزَةَ اسْمُهُ دِينَارٌ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever says, when he hears the call for salah - اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ ['O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and established prayer, grant Mohammad Al-Wasilah and Al-Fadilah, and raise him to the praised station that you promised him],  then intercession on the Day of Resurrection is made lawful for him.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Sahih Hasan Gharib from the narration of Muhammad bin al-Munkadir and we do not know of anyone who reported it other than Shubah bin Abi Hamzah (from Mohammad bin al-Munkadir and Abu Hamzah's name is Dinar. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (44)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي أَنَّ الدُّعَاءَ لاَ يُرَدُّ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ

Supplication made between Adhan and Iqama is not rejected

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 064
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، وَعَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، وَأَبُو أَحْمَدَ وَأَبُو نُعَيْمٍ قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ زَيْدٍ الْعَمِّيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي إِيَاسٍ، مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ قُرَّةَ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ الدُّعَاءُ لاَ يُرَدُّ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِثْلَ هَذَا ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The supplication made between the Adhan and Iqamah is not rejected.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  Abu Ishaq al-Hamdani reported it from Buraid bin Abi Maryam, from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and it is similar to this. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (45)

باب مَا جَاءَ كَمْ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ عَلَى عِبَادِهِ مِنَ الصَّلَوَاتِ

What has been related about how many prayers Allah (عزّوجل) made obligatory upon His servants

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 065
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى النَّيْسَابُورِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ فُرِضَتْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةَ أُسْرِيَ بِهِ الصَّلَوَاتُ خَمْسِينَ ثُمَّ نُقِصَتْ حَتَّى جُعِلَتْ خَمْسًا ثُمَّ نُودِيَ يَا مُحَمَّدُ إِنَّهُ لاَ يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَىَّ وَإِنَّ لَكَ بِهَذِهِ الْخَمْسِ خَمْسِينَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ وَطَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَبِي ذَرٍّ وَأَبِي قَتَادَةَ وَمَالِكِ بْنِ صَعْصَعَةَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'On the Night of Isra, fifty prayers were made obligatory upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Then it was decreased until it was made five. Then it was called out : 'O Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Indeed My Word does not change; these five prayers will be recorded for you as fifty.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ubadah bin As-Samit.  Talhah bin Ubaidullah, Abu Dharr, Abu Qatadah, Malik bin Sa's'aah and Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih Gharib Hadith.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (46)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ

What has been related about the virtue of the five prayers

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 066
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ وَالْجُمُعَةُ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ كَفَّارَاتٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُنَّ مَا لَمْ تُغْشَ الْكَبَائِرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ وَأَنَسٍ وَحَنْظَلَةَ الأُسَيِّدِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The five prayers, and Al-Jumuah (the Friday prayer) to Al-Jumuah are atonement for what is between them, as long as the major sins have not been committed."
 
There are narrations on this topic from Jabir, Anas and Hanzalah al-Usaidi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (47)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الْجَمَاعَةِ

What has been related about the virtue of the five prayers

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 067
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ صَلاَةُ الْجَمَاعَةِ تَفْضُلُ عَلَى صَلاَةِ الرَّجُلِ وَحْدَهُ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَأُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَمُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهَكَذَا رَوَى نَافِعٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ تَفْضُلُ صَلاَةُ الْجَمِيعِ عَلَى صَلاَةِ الرَّجُلِ وَحْدَهُ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ دَرَجَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَعَامَّةُ مَنْ رَوَى عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِنَّمَا قَالُوا ‏"‏ خَمْسٍ وَعِشْرِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ فَإِنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ بِسَبْعٍ وَعِشْرِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Salah in congregation is twenty-seven times more virtuous than a man's Salah alone.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abdullah bin Masud, Ubayy bin Ka'b, Muadh bin Jabal, Abu Sa'id, Abu Huraira and Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  Similar to this Hadith was reported by Nafi from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'congregational Salah is more virtuous than a man's Salah alone by twenty seven times.  Imam Tirmidhi said, in general, those who narrated it from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, twenty five, except from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said 'twenty seven.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 068
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Indeed a man's Salah in the congregation is increased by twenty five rewards over his Salah alone.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith is Hasan Sahih.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (48)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ يَسْمَعُ النِّدَاءَ فَلاَ يُجِيبُ

What has been related about one who heard the call (to prayer) but did not respond to it

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 069
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ بُرْقَانَ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَصَمِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ آمُرَ فِتْيَتِي أَنْ يَجْمَعُوا حُزَمَ الْحَطَبِ ثُمَّ آمُرَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَتُقَامَ ثُمَّ أُحَرِّقَ عَلَى أَقْوَامٍ لاَ يَشْهَدُونَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَأَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَمُعَاذِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ وَجَابِرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُمْ قَالُوا مَنْ سَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ فَلَمْ يُجِبْ فَلاَ صَلاَةَ لَهُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ هَذَا عَلَى التَّغْلِيظِ وَالتَّشْدِيدِ وَلاَ رُخْصَةَ لأَحَدٍ فِي تَرْكِ الْجَمَاعَةِ إِلاَّ مِنْ عُذْرٍ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I was about to order collection of bundles of firewood, then order Salah to be held, then burn (the homes) of the people who did not attend the Salah (in congregation).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, there are narrations on this topic from (Abdullah) Ibn Masud, Abu Ad-Darda, Ibn Abbas, Muadh bin Anas and Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  He also said, the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been related that more than one of the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said that whoever hears the the Adhan but does not respond, then there is no Salah for him.  Some people of knowledge said that this is a (deterrent) to demonstrate its importance and its severity and that there is no permission for anyone to not pray in the congregation except for an excuse.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 070
 
 
Mujahid narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked about a man who fasted during the day and stood (in prayers) during the night, but he did not attend the Friday prayer nor congregational prayer. He replied : 'He is in the Fire.'
 
The meaning of the Hadith is that he did not attend the Friday and congregational prayers, having an aversion for them, belitting their importance and disdaining them. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (49)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ يُدْرِكُ الْجَمَاعَةَ

What has been related about the man who performs salah alone, then he comes upon a congregation

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 071
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْلَى بْنُ عَطَاءٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَابِرُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ الْعَامِرِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ شَهِدْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَجَّتَهُ فَصَلَّيْتُ مَعَهُ صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ فِي مَسْجِدِ الْخَيْفِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ وَانْحَرَفَ إِذَا هُوَ بِرَجُلَيْنِ فِي أُخْرَى الْقَوْمِ لَمْ يُصَلِّيَا مَعَهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ عَلَىَّ بِهِمَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَجِيءَ بِهِمَا تُرْعَدُ فَرَائِصُهُمَا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا مَنَعَكُمَا أَنْ تُصَلِّيَا مَعَنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالاَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا كُنَّا قَدْ صَلَّيْنَا فِي رِحَالِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ فَلاَ تَفْعَلاَ إِذَا صَلَّيْتُمَا فِي رِحَالِكُمَا ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُمَا مَسْجِدَ جَمَاعَةٍ فَصَلِّيَا مَعَهُمْ فَإِنَّهَا لَكُمَا نَافِلَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ مِحْجَنٍ الدِّيلِيِّ وَيَزِيدَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ قَالُوا إِذَا صَلَّى الرَّجُلُ وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَ الْجَمَاعَةَ فَإِنَّهُ يُعِيدُ الصَّلَوَاتِ كُلَّهَا فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ وَإِذَا صَلَّى الرَّجُلُ الْمَغْرِبَ وَحْدَهُ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَ الْجَمَاعَةَ قَالُوا فَإِنَّهُ يُصَلِّيهَا مَعَهُمْ وَيَشْفَعُ بِرَكْعَةٍ ‏.‏ وَالَّتِي صَلَّى وَحْدَهُ هِيَ الْمَكْتُوبَةُ عِنْدَهُمْ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Yazid bin Al-Aswad (Al-Amir) narrated that his father said : 'I attended Hajj with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I prayed the Subh (Fajr) prayer with him in Masjid AI-Khaif'. He said : 'When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished, he turned (from the Qibla) and saw two men at the back of the people who had not prayed with him. He asked, 'bring them to me.' So I brought then while they were shuddering with fear. He said : 'What prevented you from praying with us?' They said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)!' We prayed at our camp.' So he said : 'Do not do that; when you pray in your camp then you come to a Masjid with a congregation, then pray with them. That will be a voluntary prayer for you.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Mihjan (ad-Dailami) and Yazid bin Amir.  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Yazid bin al-Aswad is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is the saying of more than one of the people of knowledge.  It is the view of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  They say that when a man prays alone, then he finds a congregation, he should repeat all the prayers in congregation.  And if a man prays Maghrib alone, then he finds a congregation, the above scholars said that he should pray it with them and he makes the number of rak'a even by adding one.  The one that he prayed alone counts as the obligatory prayer according to them. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (50)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ فِي مَسْجِدٍ قَدْ صُلِّيَ فِيهِ مَرَّةً

What has been related about the congregation in the mosque being held two times

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 072
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ النَّاجِيِّ الْبَصْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمُتَوَكِّلِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ وَقَدْ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ أَيُّكُمْ يَتَّجِرُ عَلَى هَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ فَصَلَّى مَعَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ وَأَبِي مُوسَى وَالْحَكَمِ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ قَالُوا لاَ بَأْسَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الْقَوْمُ جَمَاعَةً فِي مَسْجِدٍ قَدْ صُلِّيَ فِيهِ جَمَاعَةً ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ آخَرُونَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يُصَلُّونَ فُرَادَى ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَمَالِكٌ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ يَخْتَارُونَ الصَّلاَةَ فُرَادَى ‏.‏ وَسُلَيْمَانُ النَّاجِيُّ بَصْرِيٌّ وَيُقَالُ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ الأَسْوَدِ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو الْمُتَوَكِّلِ اسْمُهُ عَلِيُّ بْنُ دَاوُدَ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated narrated that a man came when Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had already prayed, so he said : 'who among you will give some reward to this person?' So a man stood to pray along with him.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Umamah, Abu Musa and Al-Hakam bin Umair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Hadith.  This is the opinion of more than one of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others among the Tabi'een.  They say that there is no harm if people perform congregational Salah in a Mosque where Salah had already been performed (in congregation).  This is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq.  Others among the people of knowledge say that they are to perform the Salah individually.  This is the view of Sufyan, Ibn al-Mubarak, Malik and Ash-Shafii. They chose the view that one should perform the Salah individually.  Sulaiman an-Naji (one of the narrators) is from Basrah and he is called Sulaiman bin Al-Aswad.  And Abu al-Mutawakkil's (one of the narrators) name is Ali bin Dawood. 
 
 

CHAPTER (51)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الْعِشَاءِ وَالْفَجْرِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ

What has been related about the virtue of Isha and Fajr in congregation

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 073

حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ شَهِدَ الْعِشَاءَ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ كَانَ لَهُ قِيَامُ نِصْفِ لَيْلَةٍ وَمَنْ صَلَّى الْعِشَاءَ وَالْفَجْرَ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ كَانَ لَهُ كَقِيَامِ لَيْلَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسٍ وَعُمَارَةَ بْنِ رُوَيْبَةَ وَجُنْدَبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ الْبَجَلِيِّ وَأُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَأَبِي مُوسَى وَبُرَيْدَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عُثْمَانَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ مَوْقُوفًا وَرُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنْ عُثْمَانَ مَرْفُوعًا ‏.‏
 
Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever attends Isha (prayer) in congregation, then he has (the reward as if he had) stood half of the night. And whoever prays Isha and Fajr in congregation, then he has (the reward as if he had) spent the whole night standing (in prayer)."
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Umar, Abu Huraira, Anas, Umarah bin Ruwaibah, Jundub (bin Abdullah bin Sufyan al-Bajali), Ubayy (bin Ka'b), Abu Musa and Buraidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This Hadith has been related from Abdur Rahman bin Abi Amrah from Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Mawqoof (مَوقوف) (a statement of Uthman - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) form, and it has been related through other chains from Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Marfu (مَرفوع) (a Statement of the Prophet  ﷺ) form.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 074

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، أَخْبَرَنَا دَاوُدُ بْنُ أَبِي هِنْدٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ جُنْدَبِ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ فَهُوَ فِي ذِمَّةِ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تُخْفِرُوا اللَّهَ فِي ذِمَّتِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Jundub bin Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever prays the Subh then he is under the protection of Allah's covenant, so do not be treacherous with Allah in his covenant.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 075
 
 
Buraidah Al-Aslami (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Give glad tiding to those who walk to the Masajid in the dark of a complete light on the Day of Resurrection.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Gharib from this route in Marfu (مَرفوع) (a Statement of the Prophet ﷺ) form.  But it is Sahih with chains that are Mawqoof (مَوقوف) to the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
 

CHAPTER (52)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ

What has been related about the virtue of the first row

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 076
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ خَيْرُ صُفُوفِ الرِّجَالِ أَوَّلُهَا وَشَرُّهَا آخِرُهَا وَخَيْرُ صُفُوفِ النِّسَاءِ آخِرُهَا وَشَرُّهَا أَوَّلُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأُبَىٍّ وَعَائِشَةَ وَالْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَسْتَغْفِرُ لِلصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ ثَلاَثًا وَلِلثَّانِي مَرَّةً ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Allah's Apostle  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The best rows for the men are the first of them, and the worst are the last of them. And the best rows for the women are the last of them, and the worst are the first of them.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Jabir, Ibn Abbas, (Ibn Umar), Abu Sa'id, Ubayy, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Al-Irbad bin Sariyah and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  And it has been related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would seek forgiveness three times for the people in first row, and once for the second.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 077
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'If the people knew what (reward) is in the call (Adhan) and the first row, and they found no other way to get that except drawing lots, then they would draw lots.'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 078

وَحَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏

A similar narration from Malik.
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنِ النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسَوِّي صُفُوفَنَا فَخَرَجَ يَوْمًا فَرَأَى رَجُلاً خَارِجًا صَدْرُهُ عَنِ الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لَتُسَوُّنَّ صُفُوفَكُمْ أَوْ لَيُخَالِفَنَّ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ وُجُوهِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ وَالْبَرَاءِ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَنَسٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ مِنْ تَمَامِ الصَّلاَةِ إِقَامَةُ الصَّفِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْ عُمَرَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُوَكِّلُ رِجَالاً بِإِقَامَةِ الصُّفُوفِ فَلاَ يُكَبِّرُ حَتَّى يُخْبَرَ أَنَّ الصُّفُوفَ قَدِ اسْتَوَتْ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَعُثْمَانَ أَنَّهُمَا كَانَا يَتَعَاهَدَانِ ذَلِكَ وَيَقُولاَنِ اسْتَوُوا ‏.‏ وَكَانَ عَلِيٌّ يَقُولُ تَقَدَّمْ يَا فُلاَنُ تَأَخَّرْ يَا فُلاَنُ ‏.‏
 
An-Nu'man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would straighten our lines (in Salah). One day he came out and saw a man whose chest was protruding from the people, so he said : 'You must straighten your lines, or Allah will cause disagreement to occur among your faces (hearts).'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Jabir bin Samurah al-Bara, Jabir bin Abdullah, Anas, Abu Huraira and Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of An-Numan bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'establishing the lines is part of the completeness of the Salah'.  It has been related that Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would appoint some men to straighten the lines so he would not say the Takbir until he was told that the lines were straight.  And Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  would say,  O' so and so, move forward.  O' so and so, move back.   
 
 
 

CHAPTER (54)

باب مَا جَاءَ لِيَلِيَنِي مِنْكُمْ أُولُو الأَحْلاَمِ وَالنُّهَى

What has been related about 'let those among you with understanding and reason be close to me

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 080
 
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْجَهْضَمِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ الْحَذَّاءُ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْشَرٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لِيَلِيَنِي مِنْكُمْ أُولُو الأَحْلاَمِ وَالنُّهَى ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ وَلاَ تَخْتَلِفُوا فَتَخْتَلِفَ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ وَهَيْشَاتِ الأَسْوَاقِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَأَبِي مَسْعُودٍ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَالْبَرَاءِ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُعْجِبُهُ أَنْ يَلِيَهُ الْمُهَاجِرُونَ وَالأَنْصَارُ لِيَحْفَظُوا عَنْهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَخَالِدٌ الْحَذَّاءُ هُوَ خَالِدُ بْنُ مِهْرَانَ يُكْنَى أَبَا الْمُنَازِلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَسَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ يَقُولُ يُقَالُ إِنَّ خَالِدًا الْحَذَّاءَ مَا حَذَا نَعْلاً قَطُّ إِنَّمَا كَانَ يَجْلِسُ إِلَى حَذَّاءٍ فَنُسِبَ إِلَيْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَأَبُو مَعْشَرٍ اسْمُهُ زِيَادُ بْنُ كُلَيْبٍ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah (Ibn Masud) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Let those among you with understanding and reason be close to me, then those after them, then those after them. And do not separate or dissension will occur among your hearts, and beware of the commotion of the markets (do not behave in mosque like people behave in the markets)."
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ubayy bin Ka'b, Abu Masud, Abu Sa'id, Al-Bara and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.  It has been related from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that he liked to have the Muhajirun and the Ansar close to him so that they would learn and preserve (how he prayed).  Khalid al-Hadha (one of the narrators) is Khalid bin Mihran and his kunyah is Abu al-Munazil.  And I heard Mohammad bin Ismail (Al-Bukhari) saying (it is said that) Khalid al-Hadha was never a cobbler (a person who mends or makes shoes).  It was only because he used to sit in the company of a cobbler that he was called Hadh-dha.  And Abu Mashar's ( a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) name is Ziyad bin Kulaib."
 
 

CHAPTER (55)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ الصَّفِّ بَيْنَ السَّوَارِي

What has been related about the dislike for forming rows between the colums

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 081
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ هَانِئِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ الْمُرَادِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ مَحْمُودٍ، قَالَ صَلَّيْنَا خَلْفَ أَمِيرٍ مِنَ الأُمَرَاءِ فَاضْطَرَّنَا النَّاسُ فَصَلَّيْنَا بَيْنَ السَّارِيَتَيْنِ فَلَمَّا صَلَّيْنَا قَالَ أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ كُنَّا نَتَّقِي هَذَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ قُرَّةَ بْنِ إِيَاسٍ الْمُزَنِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ قَوْمٌ مَنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يُصَفَّ بَيْنَ السَّوَارِي ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَخَّصَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏
 
Abdul Hamid bin Mahmud narrated : We prayed behind one of the Amirs, the people compelled us such that we had to pray between two columns. When we had prayed, Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'We would be prevented from this during the time of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'
 
There is something on this topic from Qurrah bin Iyas al-Muzani.  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There are those among the people of knowledge who disliked rows being formed between the columns.  This is the opinion of Ahmad and Ishaq.  And there are those among the people of knowledge who permitted it.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (56)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ

What has been related about Salah behind the line alone

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 082
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ حُصَيْنٍ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ، قَالَ أَخَذَ زِيَادُ بْنُ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ بِيَدِي وَنَحْنُ بِالرَّقَّةِ فَقَامَ بِي عَلَى شَيْخٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ وَابِصَةُ بْنُ مَعْبَدٍ مِنْ بَنِي أَسَدٍ فَقَالَ زِيَادٌ حَدَّثَنِي هَذَا الشَّيْخُ أَنَّ رَجُلاً صَلَّى خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ وَالشَّيْخُ يَسْمَعُ فَأَمَرَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يُعِيدَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ شَيْبَانَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ وَابِصَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ وَقَالُوا يُعِيدُ إِذَا صَلَّى خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ قَالَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يُجْزِئُهُ إِذَا صَلَّى خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ وَابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ وَالشَّافِعِيِّ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ إِلَى حَدِيثِ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ أَيْضًا قَالُوا مَنْ صَلَّى خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ يُعِيدُ ‏.‏ مِنْهُمْ حَمَّادُ بْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ وَابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى وَوَكِيعٌ ‏.‏ وَرَوَى حَدِيثَ حُصَيْنٍ عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِثْلَ رِوَايَةِ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ عَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ ‏.‏ وَفِي حَدِيثِ حُصَيْنٍ مَا يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ هِلاَلاً قَدْ أَدْرَكَ وَابِصَةَ وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْحَدِيثِ فِي هَذَا فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ حَدِيثُ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ رَاشِدٍ عَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ أَصَحُّ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ حَدِيثُ حُصَيْنٍ عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ عَنْ وَابِصَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ أَصَحُّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَهَذَا عِنْدِي أَصَحُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَدِيثِ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ عَنْ زِيَادِ بْنِ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ عَنْ وَابِصَةَ ‏.‏
 
Hilal bin Yasar narrated that Ziyad bin Abi Al-Ja'd took me by the hand while we were in Ar-Raqqah and made me stand before a Shaikh who was called Wabisah bin Ma'bad from Bani Asad.  Ziyad said : 'this Shaikh narrated to me that a person prayed alone behind the row' - and the Shaikh was listening - 'so Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered him to repeat the Salah.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there are narrations on this topic from Ali bin Shaiban and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  He said the Hadith of Wabisah is a Hasan Hadith.   There are those among the people of knowledge who dislike for a man to pray alone behind the rows.  They say he is to repeat his prayer when he prays alone behind the rows. This is the opinion of Ahmad and Ishaq.  There are those among the people of knowledge who said that it is acceptable from him if he prays alone behind the row.  This is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn al-Mubarak and Ah-Shafii.  There are those among the people of Kufa who held a view in accordance with the Hadith of Wabisah bin Ma'bad as well.  They said that whoever prays alone behind the row should repeat the prayer.  Among them are Hammad bin Sulaiman, Ibn Abi Laila and Waki. More than one person has reported the narration of Husain, from Hilal bin Yasaf, from Wabisah bin Mabad and it is similar to the narration of Abu Al-Ahwas (a narrator in this chain of Hadith).  The narration of Hussain contains what would prove that Hilal saw Wabisah, but the people of Hadith differ over this.  Some of them say that the narration of Amr bin Murrah from Hilal bin Yasaf, from Amr bin Rashid, from Wabisah bin Ma'bad is more corect. Some of them say that the narration of Hussain from Hilal bin Yasaf from Ziyad bin Abi Al-Ja'd from Wabisah bin Ma'bad is more correct.  Imam Tirmidhi said this is more correct to me than the narration of Amr bin Murrah because it has been narrated by others besides Hilal bin Yasaf from Ziyad bin Abi al-Ja'd from Wabisah bin Ma'bad. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 083
 
Wabisah bin Ma'bad  narrated that a man prayed alone behind the rows, so  the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered him to repeat the Salah."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said he heard al-Jarud saying, 'I heard Waki saying : When a man prays (alone) behind the row, then he has to repeat it. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (57)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي وَمَعَهُ رَجُلٌ

What has been related about a man who prays while another man is with him

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 084
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا دَاوُدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْعَطَّارُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ كُرَيْبٍ، مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ لَيْلَةٍ فَقُمْتُ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَأَخَذَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِرَأْسِي مِنْ وَرَائِي فَجَعَلَنِي عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ قَالُوا إِذَا كَانَ الرَّجُلُ مَعَ الإِمَامِ يَقُومُ عَنْ يَمِينِ الإِمَامِ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated  : 'I prayed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) one night. I stood at his left, so Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) took me by my head, from behind me, to put me on his right (side).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, there is something on this topic from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  He said, the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  The people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them act according to this.  They say that when a man prays with the Imam he stands at the rightside of the Imam.
 
 

CHAPTER (58)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي مَعَ الرَّجُلَيْنِ

What has been related about a man who prays while another man is with him

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 085
 
حَدَّثَنَا بُنْدَارٌ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَدِيٍّ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ، قَالَ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا كُنَّا ثَلاَثَةً أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَنَا أَحَدُنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَجَابِرٍ وَأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ سَمُرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ قَالُوا إِذَا كَانُوا ثَلاَثَةً قَامَ رَجُلاَنِ خَلْفَ الإِمَامِ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ أَنَّهُ صَلَّى بِعَلْقَمَةَ وَالأَسْوَدِ فَأَقَامَ أَحَدَهُمَا عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَالآخَرَ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ وَرَوَاهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَقَدْ تَكَلَّمَ بَعْضُ النَّاسِ فِي إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ الْمَكِّيِّ مِنْ قِبَلِ حِفْظِهِ ‏.‏
 
Samurah bin Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered us that when we are three (praying together in congregation), one of us should stand forward.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, there are narrations on this topic from Ibn Masud, Jabir and Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  He said, the Hadith of Sumarah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.  The people of knowledge act according to this and they say that when there are three, then two men should stand behind the Imam.  It has been reported about Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he prayed with Al-Qamah and al-Aswad so he stood with one of them at his right and the other at his left and he related that from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Some of the people of have criticized Ismail bin Muslim (al-Makki) (one of the narrators) for his memory. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (59)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي وَمَعَهُ الرِّجَالُ وَالنِّسَاءُ

What has been related about a man who prays while another man and a woman are with him

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 086
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ الأَنْصَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ جَدَّتَهُ، مُلَيْكَةَ دَعَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِطَعَامٍ صَنَعَتْهُ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ قُومُوا فَلْنُصَلِّ بِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَقُمْتُ إِلَى حَصِيرٍ لَنَا قَدِ اسْوَدَّ مِنْ طُولِ مَا لُبِسَ فَنَضَحْتُهُ بِالْمَاءِ فَقَامَ عَلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَصَفَفْتُ عَلَيْهِ أَنَا وَالْيَتِيمُ وَرَاءَهُ وَالْعَجُوزُ مِنْ وَرَائِنَا فَصَلَّى بِنَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ قَالُوا إِذَا كَانَ مَعَ الإِمَامِ رَجُلٌ وَامْرَأَةٌ قَامَ الرَّجُلُ عَنْ يَمِينِ الإِمَامِ وَالْمَرْأَةُ خَلْفَهُمَا ‏.‏ وَقَدِ احْتَجَّ بَعْضُ النَّاسِ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فِي إِجَازَةِ الصَّلاَةِ إِذَا كَانَ الرَّجُلُ خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ وَقَالُوا إِنَّ الصَّبِيَّ لَمْ تَكُنْ لَهُ صَلاَةٌ وَكَأَنَّ أَنَسًا كَانَ خَلْفَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَحْدَهُ فِي الصَّفِّ ‏.‏ وَلَيْسَ الأَمْرُ عَلَى مَا ذَهَبُوا إِلَيْهِ لأَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَقَامَهُ مَعَ الْيَتِيمِ خَلْفَهُ فَلَوْلاَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم جَعَلَ لِلْيَتِيمِ صَلاَةً لَمَا أَقَامَ الْيَتِيمَ مَعَهُ وَلأَقَامَهُ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أَنَسٍ عَنْ أَنَسٍ أَنَّهُ صَلَّى مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَقَامَهُ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏.‏ وَفِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ دَلاَلَةٌ أَنَّهُ إِنَّمَا صَلَّى تَطَوُّعًا أَرَادَ إِدْخَالَ الْبَرَكَةِ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'My grandmother Mulaika (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) invited Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to a meal that she prepared. He ate from it, then said : 'Stand so that we may lead you in prayer.' He said : 'I got a Hasir of ours which had become dark because of prolonged use, so I washed it with water. Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood on it, and the orphan and I aligned behind him and the lady stood behind us. He (the Prophet ﷺ) led us in two Rak'a of prayer and then left.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is acted upon by (most of) the people of knowledge.  They say when there is a man and a woman with the Imam then the man stands at the right of the Imam and the woman behind them.  Some of the people have used this Hadith to say that the prayer is acceptable when a man prays behind the row alone.  They say that the young boy (orphan) was not required to pray and Anas () was behind the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) alone (in the row).  But the case is not as they saw it, because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made him stand with the Orphan boy behind him.  So if the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not reckon with the orphan boy's prayer, he would not have made him stand beside Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he would have made Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stand on the right.   And it has been reported from Musa bin Anas, from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that he prayed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) so he stood at his right.  In this Hadith, there is a proof that he was only praying a voluntary prayer and he wanted them to have some of the blessing.'
 
 

CHAPTER (60)

باب مَا جَاءَ مَنْ أَحَقُّ بِالإِمَامَةِ

What has been related about who is most deserving of being the Imam

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 087
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، قَالَ وَحَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ رَجَاءٍ الزُّبَيْدِيِّ، عَنْ أَوْسِ بْنِ ضَمْعَجٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا مَسْعُودٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ يَؤُمُّ الْقَوْمَ أَقْرَؤُهُمْ لِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ فَإِنْ كَانُوا فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ سَوَاءً فَأَعْلَمُهُمْ بِالسُّنَّةِ فَإِنْ كَانُوا فِي السُّنَّةِ سَوَاءً فَأَقْدَمُهُمْ هِجْرَةً فَإِنْ كَانُوا فِي الْهِجْرَةِ سَوَاءً فَأَكْبَرُهُمْ سِنًّا وَلاَ يُؤَمُّ الرَّجُلُ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ وَلاَ يُجْلَسُ عَلَى تَكْرِمَتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ قَالَ ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ ‏"‏ أَقْدَمُهُمْ سِنًّا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ وَمَالِكِ بْنِ الْحُوَيْرِثِ وَعَمْرِو بْنِ سَلَمَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ ‏.‏ قَالُوا أَحَقُّ النَّاسِ بِالإِمَامَةِ أَقْرَؤُهُمْ لِكِتَابِ اللَّهِ وَأَعْلَمُهُمْ بِالسُّنَّةِ ‏.‏ وَقَالُوا صَاحِبُ الْمَنْزِلِ أَحَقُّ بِالإِمَامَةِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِذَا أَذِنَ صَاحِبُ الْمَنْزِلِ لِغَيْرِهِ فَلاَ بَأْسَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِهِ ‏.‏ وَكَرِهَهُ بَعْضُهُمْ وَقَالُوا السُّنَّةُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ صَاحِبُ الْبَيْتِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ وَقَوْلُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ وَلاَ يُؤَمُّ الرَّجُلُ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ وَلاَ يُجْلَسُ عَلَى تَكْرِمَتِهِ فِي بَيْتِهِ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَإِذَا أَذِنَ فَأَرْجُو أَنَّ الإِذْنَ فِي الْكُلِّ وَلَمْ يَرَ بِهِ بَأْسًا إِذَا أَذِنَ لَهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِهِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The one who recites most of the Book of Allah is to lead the people (in prayers). If they are equal in recitation, then the most knowledgeable in the Sunnah among them.  If they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest of them to emigrate. If they are equal in their emigration then the eldest among them. And a man is not to be led in prayer in the place of his authority, and his spot of esteem in his home is not to be sat on without his permission.' Mahmud (bin Ghailan) (one of the narrators) said : In his narration, Ibn Numair said, the eldest in years among them. 
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, there are narrations on this topic from Abu Sa'id, Anas bin Malik, Malik bin Al-Huwairith and Amr bin Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.   This is acted upon by the people of knowledge.  They say that the deserving of the position of Imam among the people is the one who recites most of the book of Allah and the most knowledgeable among them of the Sunnah.  And they say that the owner of the house has the most right to be the Imam (in his own house).  Some of them say that when the owner of the house gives permission to someone else then there is no harm if he led him in prayer.  But some of them disliked that and they said that the Sunnah is that the owner of the house leads the prayer.  Ahmad bin Hanbal said about the saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : 'And a man is not to be led in prayer in the place of his authority and his spot of easteem in his home is not to be sat on without his permission.'  If he (the owner of the house) gives permission, then I hope that permission will apply to both situations.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (61)

باب مَا جَاءَ إِذَا أَمَّ أَحَدُكُمُ النَّاسَ فَلْيُخَفِّفْ

What has been related about when one of you leads the people in prayer, then let him be brief

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 088
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَمَّ أَحَدُكُمُ النَّاسَ فَلْيُخَفِّفْ فَإِنَّ فِيهِمُ الصَّغِيرَ وَالْكَبِيرَ وَالضَّعِيفَ وَالْمَرِيضَ فَإِذَا صَلَّى وَحْدَهُ فَلْيُصَلِّ كَيْفَ شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ حَاتِمٍ وَأَنَسٍ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ وَمَالِكِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَأَبِي وَاقِدٍ وَعُثْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَاصِ وَأَبِي مَسْعُودٍ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ اخْتَارُوا أَنْ لاَ يُطِيلَ الإِمَامُ الصَّلاَةَ مَخَافَةَ الْمَشَقَّةِ عَلَى الضَّعِيفِ وَالْكَبِيرِ وَالْمَرِيضِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَأَبُو الزِّنَادِ اسْمُهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ ذَكْوَانَ ‏.‏ وَالأَعْرَجُ هُوَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ هُرْمُزَ الْمَدِينِيُّ وَيُكْنَى أَبَا دَاوُدَ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you leads the people in prayer then let him be brief, for surely among the people are the young and the old, the weak and the ill. When one of you prays alone, then let him pray as he wishes."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there are narrations on this topic from Adi bin Hatim, Anas, Jabir bin Samurah, Malik bin Abdullah, Abu Waqid, Uthman bin (Abi) al-A'as, Abu Masud, Jabir bin Abdullah and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  And it is the saying of most of the people of knowledge, they prefer that the Imam not lengthen and prolong the prayer, fearing hardship for the weak, the elderly and the ill.  Imam Tirmidhi said, the name of Abu Az-Zinad (one of the narrators) is Abdullah bin Dhakwan and Al-Araj (another narrator) is Abdur Rahman bin Hurmuz (al-Madani), and his Kunya is Abu Dawood. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 089
 
 
Anas (bin Malik) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was among the lightest of people in Salah with its completeness."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  The name of Abu Awanah (one of the narrators) is Waddah.  Imam Tirmidhi said : I asked Qutaibah (one of the narrators), what is Abu Awanah's name?  He said, 'Waddah'. I said, who is he the son of?  He said, 'I do not know.  He was a slave of a woman in Basra. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (62)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي تَحْرِيمِ الصَّلاَةِ وَتَحْلِيلِهَا

What has been related about the Tahrim and Tahlil of Salah

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 090
 
حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ وَكِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْفُضَيْلِ، عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، طَرِيفٍ السَّعْدِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مِفْتَاحُ الصَّلاَةِ الطُّهُورُ وَتَحْرِيمُهَا التَّكْبِيرُ وَتَحْلِيلُهَا التَّسْلِيمُ وَلاَ صَلاَةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْرَأْ بــ‏"‏الْحَمْدُ‏"‏ وَسُورَةٍ _ فِي فَرِيضَةٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَعَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَحَدِيثُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ فِي هَذَا أَجْوَدُ إِسْنَادًا وَأَصَحُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَقَدْ كَتَبْنَاهُ فِي أَوَّلِ كِتَابِ الْوُضُوءِ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ أَنَّ تَحْرِيمَ الصَّلاَةِ التَّكْبِيرُ وَلاَ يَكُونُ الرَّجُلُ دَاخِلاً فِي الصَّلاَةِ إِلاَّ بِالتَّكْبِيرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَسَمِعْتُ أَبَا بَكْرٍ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ أَبَانَ مُسْتَمْلِيَ وَكِيعٍ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ مَهْدِيٍّ يَقُولُ لَوِ افْتَتَحَ الرَّجُلُ الصَّلاَةَ بِسَبْعِينَ اسْمًا مِنْ أَسْمَاءِ اللَّهِ وَلَمْ يُكَبِّرْ لَمْ يُجْزِهِ وَإِنْ أَحْدَثَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُسَلِّمَ أَمَرْتُهُ أَنْ يَتَوَضَّأَ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعَ إِلَى مَكَانِهِ فَيُسَلِّمَ إِنَّمَا الأَمْرُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَأَبُو نَضْرَةَ اسْمُهُ الْمُنْذِرُ بْنُ مَالِكِ بْنِ قُطَعَةَ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Aapostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'the key to Salah is the purification, its Tahrim is the Takbir, and its Tahlil is the Taslim, and there is no Salah for the one who did not recite Al-Hamd and a Surah in the obligatory (prayer) or other prayers.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan.  There are narrations on this topic from Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). The Hadith of Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has a better chain and is more correct than the Hadith of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  We have written it in the beginning of the book 'Wudu'.  And the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them act according to it and it is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn Mubarak, Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  They said that the Tahrim of the Salah is the Takbir and a man will not have entered into the prayer except with the Takbir.  Imam Tirmidhi said : 'I heard Abu Bakr Mohammad bin Aban (the scribe of Waki) saying, 'if a man were to open his prayer with seventy of Allah's names, but he did not say the Takbir, then it would not be acceptable from him and if he were to commit Hadath before the Taslim, I would order him to perform Wudu then return to his place and say the Taslim.  For indeed the matter is only as it appears.  The name of Abu Nasrah (one of the narrators) is al-Mundhir bin Malik bin Quta'ah.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (63)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي نَشْرِ الأَصَابِعِ عِنْدَ التَّكْبِيرِ

What has been related about spreading the fingers with the Takbir

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 091
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، وَأَبُو سَعِيدٍ الأَشَجُّ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ الْيَمَانِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا كَبَّرَ لِلصَّلاَةِ نَشَرَ أَصَابِعَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَوَى غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ سِمْعَانَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ مَدًّا ‏.‏ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ مِنْ رِوَايَةِ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْيَمَانِ وَأَخْطَأَ يَحْيَى بْنُ الْيَمَانِ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed the Takbir for Salah he would spread his fingers.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan and more than one person has narrated it from Ibn Abi Dhi'b from Sa'id bin Saman, from Abu Huraira () that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would enter the Salah, he would raise his hands while they were extended. And this is more correct than the narration of Yahya bin al-Yaman.  Ibn Yaman (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) was mistaken in this Hadith.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 092
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would enter the Salah he would raise his hands while they were extended."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said Abdullah (bin Abdur Rahman) (one of the narrators) said : This is more correct than the narration of Yahya bin Yaman.  The Hadith of Yahya bin Yaman is mistaken.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (64)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ التَّكْبِيرَةِ الأُولَى

What has been related about the virtue of the first Takbir

 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever performs Salah for Allah for forty days in congregation, catching the first Takbir, two absolutions are written for him : absolution from the Fire and absolution from hypocrisy.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith has been reported from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Mawquf form (it is only his statement) and I do not know of anyone who narrated it in Marfu form (as a statement of the Prophet  ﷺ)  except what has been related by Salam bin Qutaibah, (from Tumah bin Amr, from Habib bin Abi Thabit, from Anas -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  And this Hadith was only narrated from Habib bin Abi Habi al-Bajali from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as his saying.  Hannad narrated : Waki narrated to us from Khalid bin Tahman, from Habib bin Abi Habib al-Bajali from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as his saying and he did not attribute it to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  And Ismail bin Ayyash reported this Hadith from Umarah bin Ghazimah, from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and it is similar to this.  This Hadith is not preserved and it is a Mursal (chain interrupted) Hadith because Umarah bin Ghaziyyah did not see Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Mohammad bin Ismail (Bukhari) said that Habib bin Abi Habib's Kunyah is Abu al-Kashuwtha and they say it is Abu Umairah).
 
 
 

CHAPTER (65)

باب مَا يَقُولُ عِنْدَ افْتِتَاحِ الصَّلاَةِ

What is said at the opening of the Salah

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 094
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى الْبَصْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الضُّبَعِيُّ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الرِّفَاعِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمُتَوَكِّلِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ بِاللَّيْلِ كَبَّرَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ السَّمِيعِ الْعَلِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزِهِ وَنَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَعَائِشَةَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَجَابِرٍ وَجُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ أَشْهَرُ حَدِيثٍ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ أَخَذَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَأَمَّا أَكْثَرُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ فَقَالُوا بِمَا رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَهَكَذَا رُوِيَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ وَغَيْرِهِمْ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ تُكُلِّمَ فِي إِسْنَادِ حَدِيثِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ كَانَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ يَتَكَلَّمُ فِي عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الرِّفَاعِيِّ وَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ لاَ يَصِحُّ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'eeed Al Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood for Salah during the night, he would say the Takbir and -  سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ [ Glorious You are O' Allah, and with Your praise, and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your majesty, and there is no god but You]. Then he would say -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا [Allah is undoubtedly the greatest].  Then he would say - أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ السَّمِيعِ الْعَلِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزِهِ وَنَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ [I seek refuge in Allah the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing, from the cursed Satan, from his madness, his arrogance, and his poetry].
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there are narrations on this topic from Ali, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Abdullah bin Masud, Jabir, Jubair bin Mut'im and Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is the most popular Hadith on this topic.  There are those among the people of knowledge who acted upon this Hadith.  As for most of the people of knowledge, they say that it has only been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would say - سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ  [Glorious You are O'Allah and with Your praise, and blessed is Your Name and exalted is Your majesty and there is no god but You].  And this is what has been reported from Umar bin al-Khattab and Abdullah bin Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  This is what is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the Tabi'een and others.  The chain of the Hadith of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been criticized : Yahya bin Sa'id has criticized Ali bin ali (Ar-Rifai).  Ahmad said, this Hadith is not correct.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 095
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) opened the Salah he would say -  سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ [Glorious You are O Allah, and with Your praise, and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your majesty, and there is no god but You.]
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, we do not know of this Hadith (as a narration of Ummul Momineen Aisha -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) except from this route.  Harithah (one of the narrators) has been criticized for his memory.  Abu Ar-Rijal's (one of the narrators) name is Mohammad bin Abdur Rahman (al-Madani).
 
 

CHAPTER (66)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي تَرْكِ الْجَهْرِ بِـ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)

What has been related about not saying ‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ  [in the name of Allah, the Most compassionate and Most Merciful]

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 096
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ إِيَاسٍ الْجُرَيْرِيُّ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ عَبَايَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُغَفَّلٍ، قَالَ سَمِعَنِي أَبِي، وَأَنَا فِي الصَّلاَةِ، أَقُولُ‏:‏ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏)‏ فَقَالَ لِي أَىْ بُنَىَّ مُحْدَثٌ إِيَّاكَ وَالْحَدَثَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَلَمْ أَرَ أَحَدًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ أَبْغَضَ إِلَيْهِ الْحَدَثُ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ يَعْنِي مِنْهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَقَدْ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَعَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَمَعَ عُمَرَ وَمَعَ عُثْمَانَ فَلَمْ أَسْمَعْ أَحَدًا مِنْهُمْ يَقُولُهَا فَلاَ تَقُلْهَا إِذَا أَنْتَ صَلَّيْتَ فَقُلِ‏:‏ ‏(‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُغَفَّلٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَعُثْمَانُ وَعَلِيٌّ وَغَيْرُهُمْ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ لاَ يَرَوْنَ أَنْ يَجْهَرَ بِـ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)‏ قَالُوا وَيَقُولُهَا فِي نَفْسِهِ ‏.‏

Ibn Abdullah bin Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'While I was praying, I said : ‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏ [In the Name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful].  My father heard me and said : "O my son this is a newly invented matter, beware of the newly invented.' He (Ibn Abdullah) said : 'I have not seen any one of the Companions of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who hated a newly invented matter in Islam more than him. And he said : 'I have performed Salah with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and with Abu Bakr,  Umar, and Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). I did not hear any one of them saying it. So do not say it. When you are performing Salah say - ‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [All praise is due to Allah the Lord of all that exists].
 
Imam Tirmidhi  said the Hadith of Abdullah bin Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  It is acted upon by most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), among them Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali and Others as well as those after them among the Tabi'een (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  This is the opinion of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn al-Mubarak, Ahmad and Ishaq.  They did not hold the view that one was to recite  (‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏)  aloud.  They said that one should recite it to himself.
 

CHAPTER (67)

باب مَنْ رَأَى الْجَهْرَ بِـ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)

Whoever held the view that بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ  [in the name of Allah, the Most compassionate and Most Merciful] was recited aloud

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 097
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ الضَّبِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُعْتَمِرُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ، عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَفْتَتِحُ صَلاَتَهُ بِـ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ لَيْسَ إِسْنَادُهُ بِذَاكَ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ قَالَ بِهَذَا عِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ وَابْنُ عُمَرَ وَابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنُ الزُّبَيْرِ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ رَأَوُا الْجَهْرَ بِـ ‏(‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ ‏.‏ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ حَمَّادٍ هُوَ ابْنُ أَبِي سُلَيْمَانَ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو خَالِدٍ يُقَالُ هُوَ أَبُو خَالِدٍ الْوَالِبِيُّ وَاسْمُهُ هُرْمُزُ وَهُوَ كُوفِيٌّ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would open his Salah with (‏بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the chain of this Hadith is not that strong.  A number of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said this : Among them were Abu Huraira, Ibn Umar, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Zubair, as well as after them from the Tabi'een (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  They held the view that  (‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏) should by recited aloud.  This is the saying of Ash-Shafii.  Ismail bin Hammad (one of the narrators) is Ibn Abi Sulaiman and they call Abu Khalid (one of the narrators as Abu Khalid al-Walibi and his name is Hurmuz and he is from Kufa. 
 
 

CHAPTER (68)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي افْتِتَاحِ الْقِرَاءَةِ بِـ ‏(‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏)

What has been related about opening the recitation with ‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [All praise is for Allah, the Sustainer of all worlds.]

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 098
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَعُثْمَانُ يَفْتَتِحُونَ الْقِرَاءَةَ بِـ ‏(‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏)‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالتَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ كَانُوا يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ الْقِرَاءَةَ بِـ ‏(‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ إِنَّمَا مَعْنَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ كَانُوا يَفْتَتِحُونَ الْقِرَاءَةَ بِـ ‏(‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏)‏ مَعْنَاهُ أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يَبْدَءُونَ بِقِرَاءَةِ فَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ قَبْلَ السُّورَةِ وَلَيْسَ مَعْنَاهُ أَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا لاَ يَقْرَءُونَ ‏(‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ وَكَانَ الشَّافِعِيُّ يَرَى أَنْ يُبْدَأَ بِـ‏(‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏)‏ وَأَنْ يُجْهَرَ بِهَا إِذَا جُهِرَ بِالْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) opened the Salah with (‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  And it is acted upon by the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Tabi'een and those after them.  They would open their recitation with (‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ).  Ash-Shafii said, this Hadith only means that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) would open their recitation with (‏الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ); that is, they would begin their recitation by reciting Fatihatul Kitab before another Surah and it does not mean that they would not recite (‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏). Ash-Shafii held the view that one is to begin with (‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏) and that he recites it aloud when his recitation is aloud.   
 
 
 

CHAPTER (69)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّهُ لاَ صَلاَةَ إِلاَّ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ

What has been related about 'There is no Salah except with the recitation of the opening Sura of the Quran

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 099
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي عُمَرَ الْمَكِّيُّ أَبُو عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْعَدَنِيُّ، وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ مَحْمُودِ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ صَلاَةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْرَأْ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ وَأَنَسٍ وَأَبِي قَتَادَةَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عُبَادَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَجَابِرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَعِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ وَغَيْرُهُمْ قَالُوا لاَ تُجْزِئُ صَلاَةٌ إِلاَّ بِقِرَاءَةِ فَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ كُلُّ صَلاَةٍ لَمْ يُقْرَأْ فِيهَا بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ غَيْرُ تَمَامٍ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ أَبِي عُمَرَ يَقُولُ اخْتَلَفْتُ إِلَى ابْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ ثَمَانِيَةَ عَشْرَ سَنَةً وَكَانَ الْحُمَيْدِيُّ أَكْبَرَ مِنِّي بِسَنَةٍ ‏.‏ وَسَمِعْتُ ابْنَ أَبِي عُمَرَ يَقُولُ حَجَجْتُ سَبْعِينَ حَجَّةً مَاشِيًا عَلَى قَدَمَىَّ ‏.‏
 
Ubadah bin As-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There is no Salah for the one who does not recite the opening Sura (Sura Fatiha) of the Quran.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Anas, Abu Qatadah and Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ubadah bin As-Samit is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. Most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) act according to it.  Among them are Umar bin Al-Khattab, Ali bin Abi Talib, Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and others besides them.  In the opinion of those Sahabah, no Salah is acceptable without the recitation of Fatihatil Kitab. Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, every salah in which Fatihatil Kitab is not recited is deficient that is not complete.  This is the saying of Ibn al-Mubarak, Ash- Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.   I heard Ibn Abi Umar saying, 'I visited Ibn Uyainah for eighteen years and al-Humaidi was one year older than me'  And I heard Ibn Abi Umar saying, 'I performed Hajj seventy times, walking on my feet.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (70)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّأْمِينِ

What has been related about At-Ta'ameen

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 100
 
حَدَّثَنَا بُنْدَارٌ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ حُجْرِ بْنِ عَنْبَسٍ، عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَرَأَ‏:‏ ‏(‏غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏)‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ آمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَمَدَّ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالتَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ يَرَوْنَ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ يَرْفَعُ صَوْتَهُ بِالتَّأْمِينِ وَلاَ يُخْفِيهَا ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَرَوَى شُعْبَةُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ عَنْ حُجْرٍ أَبِي الْعَنْبَسِ عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَائِلٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَرَأَ ‏:‏ ‏(‏ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏)‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ آمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَخَفَضَ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَسَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدًا يَقُولُ حَدِيثُ سُفْيَانَ أَصَحُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ فِي هَذَا وَأَخْطَأَ شُعْبَةُ فِي مَوَاضِعَ مِنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ عَنْ حُجْرٍ أَبِي الْعَنْبَسِ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ حُجْرُ بْنُ عَنْبَسٍ وَيُكْنَى أَبَا السَّكَنِ ‏.‏ وَزَادَ فِيهِ عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَائِلٍ وَلَيْسَ فِيهِ عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ عَنْ حُجْرِ بْنِ عَنْبَسٍ عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ وَقَالَ وَخَفَضَ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ وَمَدَّ بِهَا صَوْتَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا زُرْعَةَ عَنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ حَدِيثُ سُفْيَانَ فِي هَذَا أَصَحُّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَرَوَى الْعَلاَءُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ الأَسَدِيُّ عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ كُهَيْلٍ نَحْوَ رِوَايَةِ سُفْيَانَ ‏.‏
 
Wa'il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite -  غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ   [not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray ] and he said - آمِينَ (Amin).  And he stretched it out with his voice.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ali and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Wa'il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  It is the opinion of more than one of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Tabi'een that a man is to raise his voice with the Amin, and not to be silent with it.  This is the opinion of Ash-Shafii, Ahmad, and Ishaq.  Shubah reported this Hadith, from Salamah bin Kuhail, from Hujr Abu Al-Anbas, from Alqamah bin Wa'il, from his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited -  غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ  [ not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray. ] then he said  'Amin, and he lowered his voice with it. Imam Tirmidhi said, 'I heard Mohammad saying, the Hadith of Sufyan (a narrator in this chain of Hadith) about this is more correct than the Hadith of Shubah.  Shubah made mistakes in parts of this narration as he said 'From Hujr Abu al-Anbas' but he is Hujr Ibn Ali Al-Anbas and his Kunyah is Abu As-Sakan. And he added Alqamah bin Wa'il to it, but from Alqamah is not part of it.  It is only from Hujr bin Anbas from Wa'il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  And : 'He lowered his voice with it' should be : 'He stretched his voice with it.'  Imam Tirmidhi said, I asked Abu Zurah about this Hadith.  He said that the Hadith of Sufyan about this is more correct (than the Hadith of Shubah, as we have said.  Al-Ala bin Salih al-Asadi narrated it from Salamah bin Kuhail and it is similar to the narration of Sufyan.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 101
 
Imam Tirmidhi described another chain (of the Hadith) from Wa'il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who narrated it from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and it is similar to the narrations of Sufyan from Salamah bin Kuhail.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (71)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ التَّأْمِينِ

What has been related about the virtue of At-Ta'ameen

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 102
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ حُبَابٍ، حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الزُّهْرِيُّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَأَبِي، سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَمَّنَ الإِمَامُ فَأَمِّنُوا فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ وَافَقَ تَأْمِينُهُ تَأْمِينَ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When the Imam says 'Amin' then (all of you) say 'Amin.' For whoever's 'Amin' concurs with the 'Amin' of the angels, then his past sins will be forgiven."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. 
 
 

CHAPTER (72)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّكْتَتَيْنِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

What has been related about two pauses (during Salah)

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 103
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُوسَى، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ سَكْتَتَانِ حَفِظْتُهُمَا عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ وَقَالَ حَفِظْنَا سَكْتَةً ‏.‏ فَكَتَبْنَا إِلَى أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ بِالْمَدِينَةِ فَكَتَبَ أُبَىٌّ أَنْ حَفِظَ سَمُرَةُ ‏.‏ قَالَ سَعِيدٌ فَقُلْنَا لِقَتَادَةَ مَا هَاتَانِ السَّكْتَتَانِ قَالَ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي صَلاَتِهِ وَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ وَإِذَا قَرَأَ ‏:‏ ‏(‏وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَكَانَ يُعْجِبُهُ إِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْقِرَاءَةِ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ حَتَّى يَتَرَادَّ إِلَيْهِ نَفَسُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ سَمُرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ غَيْرِ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ لِلإِمَامِ أَنْ يَسْكُتَ بَعْدَ مَا يَفْتَتِحُ الصَّلاَةَ وَبَعْدَ الْفَرَاغِ مِنَ الْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ وَأَصْحَابُنَا ‏.‏
 
Al-Hasan narrated that Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "'here are two pauses that I preserved from Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)'. But Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) rejected that and said : 'We preserved one pause.'  So we wrote to Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Madinah. Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wrote that Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was correct.'   Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'We said to Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'What are those two pauses?' He said : 'When he entered into his Salah, and when he finished his recitation.' Then he (Qatadah - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  said after that : 'And when he recited -  ‏وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ [Nor those who went astray]' And he said : 'He liked to pause when he finished the recitation until he caught his breath.'
 
There is a narration on this topic from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  It is the opinion of more than one of the people of knowledge that it is recommended for the Imam to be silent after he commences the Salah and after finishing the recitation.  This is the opinion of Ahmad, Ishaq and our companions. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (73)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي وَضْعِ الْيَمِينِ عَلَى الشِّمَالِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

What has been related about placing the right hand over the left during the salah

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 104
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ قَبِيصَةَ بْنِ هُلْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَؤُمُّنَا فَيَأْخُذُ شِمَالَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ وَغُطَيْفِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ هُلْبٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالتَّابِعِينَ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ يَرَوْنَ أَنْ يَضَعَ الرَّجُلُ يَمِينَهُ عَلَى شِمَالِهِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ وَرَأَى بَعْضُهُمْ أَنْ يَضَعَهُمَا فَوْقَ السُّرَّةِ ‏.‏ وَرَأَى بَعْضُهُمْ أَنْ يَضَعَهُمَا تَحْتَ السُّرَّةِ ‏.‏ وَكُلُّ ذَلِكَ وَاسِعٌ عِنْدَهُمْ ‏.‏ وَاسْمُ هُلْبٍ يَزِيدُ بْنُ قُنَافَةَ الطَّائِيُّ ‏.‏
 
Qabisah bin Hulb narrated from his father who said : Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) lead us in prayer and hold his left hand with his right.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Wa'il bin Hujr, Ghutaif bin Al-Harith, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Masud and Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Hulb is a Hasan Hadith.  This is acted upon by the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Tabi'een and those after them.  They held the view that a man is to place his right hand over his left during the Salah.  Some of them held the view that he places it above the novel and some of them that he places it below the novel.  All of these are allowed according to them. The name of Hulb is Yazid bin Qnafah At-Tai. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (74)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّكْبِيرِ عِنْدَ الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ

What has been related about the Takbir for the bowing and prostration positions

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 105
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، وَالأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُكَبِّرُ فِي كُلِّ خَفْضٍ وَرَفْعٍ وَقِيَامٍ وَقُعُودٍ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي مَالِكٍ الأَشْعَرِيِّ وَأَبِي مُوسَى وَعِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ وَوَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَعُثْمَانُ وَعَلِيٌّ وَغَيْرُهُمْ وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ وَعَلَيْهِ عَامَّةُ الْفُقَهَاءِ وَالْعُلَمَاءِ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would say the Takbir for every lowering and raising, standing and sitting; so did Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira, Anas, Ibn Umar, Abu Malik al-Ash'ari, Abu Musa, Imran bin Husain, Wa'il bin Hujr and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abdullah bin Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is acted upon by the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), among them Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali and others besides them; as well as those after them among the Tabi'een (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Both the Fuqaha and the scholars in general act accordingly.  
 
 

CHAPTER (75)

باب مِنْهُ آخَرُ
Something Else
 حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُنِيرٍ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ الْحَسَنِ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُكَبِّرُ وَهُوَ يَهْوِي ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ قَالُوا يُكَبِّرُ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ يَهْوِي لِلرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : "Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would say the Takbir while he was going down."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  And this is the saying of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them among the Tabi'een.  They say that a man is to say the Takbir while he is going down for the bowing and the prostration positions.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (76)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي رَفْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ عِنْدَ الرُّكُوعِ
Raising the hands for Ruku (bowing position)
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، وَابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا افْتَتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى يُحَاذِيَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ وَإِذَا رَكَعَ وَإِذَا رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ وَزَادَ ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ فِي حَدِيثِهِ وَكَانَ لاَ يَرْفَعُ بَيْنَ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ ‏.‏
 
Salim narrated from his father (Ibn Umar - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said : 'I saw Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he opened the Salah, raising his hands to the level of his shoulders, and (again) when he bowed, and when he raised his head from bowing.' In his narration, Ibn Abi Umar added : "And he wuld not raise them between the two prostrations."
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 108
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there is another chain (for this Hadith) similar to the Hadith at 107 (above).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Umar, Ali, Wa'il bin Hujr, Malik bin Al-Huwairith, Anas, Abu Huraira, Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa'd, Mohammad bin Maslamah, Abu Qatadah, Abu Musa al-Ashari, Jabir and Umair al-Laithi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hassan Sahih Hadith.  The sayings of some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) are in accord with this, among them are Ibn Umar, Jabir bin Abdullah, Abu Huraira, Anas, Ibn Abbas, Abdullah bin Az-Zubair and others (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  And from those among the Tabi'een, al-Hasan al-Basri, Ata, Tawus, Mujahid, Nafi, Salim bin Abdullah, Sa'id bin Jubair and others. It is also the opinion of (Malik, Ma'mar, Al-Awzai, Ibn Uyainah) Abdullah bin al-Mubarak, Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said, the Hadith about raising hands is confirmed as authentic.  And he mentioned the narration of Az-Zuhri from Salim, from his father.  He did not confirm the Hadith of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not raise his hands except for the first time.  This was narrated to us by Ahmad bin Abdah al-Amuli : Wahb bin Zam'ah narrated to us, from Sufyan bin Abdul Malik from Abdullah bin al-Mubarak.   Yahya bin Musa narrated to us and said : Ismail bin Abi Uwais narrated to us, he said, Malik bin Anas held the view that the hands are raised in the Salah.  Yahya said : Abdur Razzaq narrated to us, he said : Ma'mar held the view that the hands are raised in the Salah. And I heard al-Jarud bin Mu'adh saying : Sufyan bin Uyaina, Umar bin Harun and An-Nadr bin Shumail would raise their hands when they started the Salah, when they bowed and when they raised their heads.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (--)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَمْ يَرْفَعْ إِلاَّ فِي أَوَّلِ مَرَّةٍ
What has been related that the Prophet () would not raise his hands except for the first time

Alqamah narrated that Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Shall I not demonstrate the Salah of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to you?" Then he offered Salah and he did not raise his hands except while saying the first Takbir.'
 
There is something on this topic from Al-Bara bin Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  This is the saying of more than one among the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Tabi'een.  It is the saying of Sufyan (Ath-Thawri) and the people of Kufa. 
 
 

CHAPTER (77)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي وَضْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ عَلَى الرُّكْبَتَيْنِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ
What has been related about placing the hands on the knees while bowing

Abu Abdur Rahman As-Sulami narrated that  Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  said to us : 'The knees are the Sunnah for you, so hold the knees.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Sa'd, Anas, Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa'd, Muhammad bin Maslamah and Abu Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  The people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Tabi'een and those after them act according to this.  There is no disagreement among them on that, except what is reported about Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and some of his companions that they would hold their hands together but holding the hands together was abrogated according to the people of knowledge. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 111
 
Sa'd bin Abi Waqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'We would do that, but then we were prohibited from it, and we were ordered to put our hands on our knees.'
 
Abu Humaid As-Sa'idi's name is Abdur Rahman bin Sa'd bin al-Mujndhir. Abu Usaid as-Sa'idi's name is Malik bin Rabia.  Abu Husain's name is Uthman bin Asim al-Asdi.  Abu Abdur Rahman As-Sulaimi's name is Abdullah bin Habib. Abu Yafur Abdur Rahman bin Ubaid bin Nistas and Abu Ya'fur al-Abdi (and his name is Waqid, and they call him Waqdan and he is the one who narrates from Abdullah bin Abi Awfa), both of them are from among the people of Kufa.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (78)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّهُ يُجَافِي يَدَيْهِ عَنْ جَنْبَيْهِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ
What has been related about him holding his forearms away from is sides while bowing 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، بُنْدَارٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ الْعَقَدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا فُلَيْحُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّاسُ بْنُ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، قَالَ اجْتَمَعَ أَبُو حُمَيْدٍ وَأَبُو أُسَيْدٍ وَسَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ فَذَكَرُوا صَلاَةَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو حُمَيْدٍ أَنَا أَعْلَمُكُمْ بِصَلاَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَكَعَ فَوَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَى رُكْبَتَيْهِ كَأَنَّهُ قَابِضٌ عَلَيْهِمَا وَوَتَّرَ يَدَيْهِ فَنَحَّاهُمَا عَنْ جَنْبَيْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ الَّذِي اخْتَارَهُ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يُجَافِيَ الرَّجُلُ يَدَيْهِ عَنْ جَنْبَيْهِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ ‏.‏
 
Abbas bin Sahl (bin Sa'd) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa'd, and Muhammad bin Maslamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) were once together and they were mentioning the Salah of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Abu Humaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I am the most knowledgeable among you of the Salah of Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would bow and place his hands on his knees as if he was grasping them, and he would draw his forearms to hold them away from his sides.'
 
There is something on this topic from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Humaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is the one that was preferred by the people of knowledge that a man is to hold his forearms away from his sides while bowing and prostrating. 
 
 

CHAPTER (79)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّسْبِيحِ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ
What has been related about the Tasbih in Ruku and Sujood
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْهُذَلِيِّ، عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا رَكَعَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَقَالَ فِي رُكُوعِهِ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَقَدْ تَمَّ رُكُوعُهُ وَذَلِكَ أَدْنَاهُ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا سَجَدَ فَقَالَ فِي سُجُودِهِ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَقَدْ تَمَّ سُجُودُهُ وَذَلِكَ أَدْنَاهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ وَعُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ لَيْسَ إِسْنَادُهُ بِمُتَّصِلٍ ‏.‏ عَوْنُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ لَمْ يَلْقَ ابْنَ مَسْعُودٍ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ أَنْ لاَ يَنْقُصَ الرَّجُلُ فِي الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ مِنْ ثَلاَثِ تَسْبِيحَاتٍ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ أَسْتَحِبُّ لِلإِمَامِ أَنْ يُسَبِّحَ خَمْسَ تَسْبِيحَاتٍ لِكَىْ يُدْرِكَ مَنْ خَلْفَهُ ثَلاَثَ تَسْبِيحَاتٍ ‏.‏ وَهَكَذَا قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you bows then says while he is bowing - سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ  [Glorious is my Lord the Magnificent] three times, he has completed his bowing. And that is the least of it. And when he prostrates and says while prostrating -  سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى [Glorious is my Lord the Most High] three times, he has completed his prostrations, and that is the least of it.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Hudhaifah and Uqabah bin Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the chain of the Hadith of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is not connected.  Awn bin Abdullah bin Utbah did not meet Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  The people of knowledge act according to this : They consider it recommended that a man not say the statements of Tasbih less than three times.  It has been related from Ibn al-Mubarak that he said, 'It is recommended for the Imam to say the Tasbih five times so whoever is behind him can manage to say it three times.  This was also said by Ishaq bin Ibrahim. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 114
 
 
Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he performed Salah with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and that while he was bowing he would say - سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ  [Glorious is my Lord the Magnificent] and while prostrating -  سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى [Glorious is my Lord the Most High] and he would not recite an Ayah mentioning mercy, except that he would stop and ask (for mercy) and he would not recite an Ayah mentioning punishment, except that he would stop and seek refuge (with Allah from it).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 115