CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 JAMI AT-TIRMIDHI

 

  VOLUME (1.6)

  

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

 

CHAPTER (128)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْقُعُودِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَانْتِظَارِ الصَّلاَةِ مِنَ الْفَضْلِ

What has been related about the virtues of sitting in the Mosque and waiting for  Salah

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 182
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ هَمَّامِ بْنِ مُنَبِّهٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يَزَالُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَةٍ مَا دَامَ يَنْتَظِرُهَا وَلاَ تَزَالُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ تُصَلِّي عَلَى أَحَدِكُمْ مَا دَامَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْهُ مَا لَمْ يُحْدِثْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ حَضْرَمَوْتَ وَمَا الْحَدَثُ يَا أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ فُسَاءٌ أَوْ ضُرَاطٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَنَسٍ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'One of you does not cease to be in Salah as long as he is waiting for it. And the angels do not cease praying for one of you as long as he remains in the Masjid (saying) : 'Allah! Forgive him. O Allah! Have mercy upon him' - as long as he does not commit Hadath.' A man from Hadramawt asked, what is Hadath Abu Hurairah(رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?' He said : 'Breaking wind, or passing gas'.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Aliu, Abu Sa'id, Anas, Abadullah bin Masud and Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. 

 

CHAPTER (129)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الْخُمْرَةِ

What has been related about Salah on a Khumrah (small mat)

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 183
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed on a Khumrah (small mat made of date palm leaves).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ummahatul Momineen Aisha, Maimuna, Umm Habiba, Umm Salama; Ibn Umar, Umm Sulaim (mother of Anas bin Malik) and Umm Kulthum bint Abi Salama bin Abdul Asad - (and she did not hear from the Prophet ﷺ) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  And it is the saying of some of the people of knowledge.  Ahmad and Ishaq said : Salah on the Kumrah is confirmed from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Khumra is a small mat  (حَصِيرٌ قَصِيرٌ). 
 
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى عَلَى حَصِيرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَالْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ أَنَّ قَوْمًا مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ اخْتَارُوا الصَّلاَةَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ اسْتِحْبَابًا ‏.‏ وَأَبُو سُفْيَانَ اسْمُهُ طَلْحَةُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed on a Hasir (mat).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Anas and Al-Mughira bin Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  Most of the people of knowledge act according to this, except that there are those among the people of knowledge who prefer Salah on the earth, considering it recommended.  Abu Sufyan's (one of the narrators) name is Talha bin Nafi. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (131)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الْبُسُطِ

What has been related about Salah on rugs

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 185
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي التَّيَّاحِ الضُّبَعِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُخَالِطُنَا حَتَّى إِنْ كَانَ يَقُولُ لأَخٍ لِي صَغِيرٍ ‏ "‏ يَا أَبَا عُمَيْرٍ مَا فَعَلَ النُّغَيْرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَنُضِحَ بِسَاطٌ لَنَا فَصَلَّى عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ لَمْ يَرَوْا بِالصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الْبِسَاطِ وَالطُّنْفُسَةِ بَأْسًا ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَاسْمُ أَبِي التَّيَّاحِ يَزِيدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to mingle with us such that he said to my younger brother : 'O Abu Umair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! What did the Nughair (small bird) do?' He (Anas - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'A Bisat (rug/Carpet) of ours would be sprinkled (with water) to perform Salah.'
 
There is something on this topic from Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them among the Tabi'een.  They did not see any harm in Salah on a rug or mat.  This is the saying of Ahmad and Ishaq.  And the name of Abu at-Tayyah (one of the narrators) is Yazid bin Humaid. 
 
 

CHAPTER (132)

بباب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فِي الْحِيطَانِ
What has been related about Salah in Garden
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 186 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ أَبِي الطُّفَيْلِ، عَنْ مُعَاذِ بْنِ جَبَلٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَسْتَحِبُّ الصَّلاَةَ فِي الْحِيطَانِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ يَعْنِي الْبَسَاتِينَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ مُعَاذٍ حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ ‏.‏ وَالْحَسَنُ بْنُ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ قَدْ ضَعَّفَهُ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ وَغَيْرُهُ وَأَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ اسْمُهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ تَدْرُسَ وَأَبُو الطُّفَيْلِ اسْمُهُ عَامِرُ بْنُ وَاثِلَةَ ‏.‏
 
Mu'adh ibn Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) liked to perform Salah in Gardens."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Mu'ad is a Gharib Hadith.  We do not know of it except as a narration of Al-Hasan bin Abi Ja'far who was graded weak by Yahya bin Sa'id and others.  The name of Abu Zubair (one of the narrators) is Muhammad bin Muslim bin Tadrus.  The name of Abu Tufail (one of the narrators) is Amir bin Wathilah.
 
Imam Abu Dawood said, Hitan means gardens (surrounded by wall or fences).   
 
 
 

CHAPTER (133)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي سُتْرَةِ الْمُصَلِّي
What has been related about the screen (Sutra) for the one performing Salah
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 187 
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، وَهَنَّادٌ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا وَضَعَ أَحَدُكُمْ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِثْلَ مُؤَخَّرَةِ الرَّحْلِ فَلْيُصَلِّ وَلاَ يُبَالِي مَنْ مَرَّ وَرَاءَ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَسَبْرَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ وَأَبِي جُحَيْفَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ طَلْحَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَقَالُوا سُتْرَةُ الإِمَامِ سُتْرَةٌ لِمَنْ خَلْفَهُ ‏.‏
 
Muba bin Talhah narrated from his father (Talhah -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you placed something like the post (handle) of the camel saddle in front of him, then let him perform Salah and not concern himself with who passes beyond that.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira, Sahl bin Abi Hathma, Ibn Umar, Sabra bin Ma'bad (al-Juhni), Abu Juhaifa and Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi  said the Hadith of Talba is a Hasan Sahih Hadith and this is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  They say that the Imam's Sutra is the Sutra for whoever is behind him. 
 
 

CHAPTER (134)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ الْمُرُورِ بَيْنَ يَدِيِ الْمُصَلِّي ‏
What has been related about the dislike for passing in front of the person performing salah
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 188 

حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مُوسَى الأَنْصَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيَّ، أَرْسَلَهُ إِلَى أَبِي جُهَيْمٍ يَسْأَلُهُ مَاذَا سَمِعَ مِنْ، رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الْمَارِّ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي فَقَالَ أَبُو جُهَيْمٍ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لَوْ يَعْلَمُ الْمَارُّ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي مَاذَا عَلَيْهِ لَكَانَ أَنْ يَقِفَ أَرْبَعِينَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَمُرَّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو النَّضْرِ لاَ أَدْرِي قَالَ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا أَوْ شَهْرًا أَوْ سَنَةً قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي جُهَيْمٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ لأَنْ يَقِفَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِائَةَ عَامٍ خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَمُرَّ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ أَخِيهِ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ كَرِهُوا الْمُرُورَ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي وَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّ ذَلِكَ يَقْطَعُ صَلاَةَ الرَّجُلِ ‏.‏ وَاسْمُ أَبِي النَّضْرِ سَالِمٌ مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ الْمَدِينِيُّ ‏.‏
Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhni sent a message to Abu Juhaim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asking him what he had heard from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about passing in front of a person who was performing Salah. Abu Juhaim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said,  Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'If the one who passed in front of the person performing Salah knew what he was doing, then for him to stop and wait for forty -- would be better for him than to pass in front of him.'  Abu an-Nadr (one of the narrators) said : 'I do not know if he said forty days, months or years.' 
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there are narrations on this topic from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, Abu Huraira, Ibn Umar and Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said  the Hadith of Abu Juhaim is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'it would be better for one of you to stop (and wait) for a hundred years than to pass in front of his brother while he is performing Salah'.  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  They dislike passing in front of the person who is performing Salah, but they do not think that doing so would sever the man's salah.  Abu An-Nadr's name is Salim, the freed slave of Umar bin Ubaidullah al-Madhini. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (135)

باب مَا جَاءَ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ شَيْءٌ
What has been related about the Salah is not severed by anything
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 189 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ بْنِ أَبِي الشَّوَارِبِ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ رَدِيفَ الْفَضْلِ عَلَى أَتَانٍ فَجِئْنَا وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي بِأَصْحَابِهِ بِمِنًى ‏.‏ قَالَ فَنَزَلْنَا عَنْهَا فَوَصَلْنَا الصَّفَّ فَمَرَّتْ بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ فَلَمْ تَقْطَعْ صَلاَتَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَالْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ قَالُوا لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ شَيْءٌ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he was a companion rider on a female donkey with Al-Fadl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). 'We came while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his Companions were praying at Mina.' He said : 'We dismounted from it and joined the row. The donkey then passed in front of them, and this did not invalidate their Salah.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the Companions of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them among the Tabi'een who say that the Salah is not severed by anything.  This is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Ash-Shafii. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (136)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّهُ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ إِلاَّ الْكَلْبُ وَالْحِمَارُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ
What has been related about Salah is not severed except by a dong, a donkey and a woman
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 190 
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، وَمَنْصُورُ بْنُ زَاذَانَ، عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ هِلاَلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا ذَرٍّ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِذَا صَلَّى الرَّجُلُ وَلَيْسَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ كَآخِرَةِ الرَّحْلِ أَوْ كَوَاسِطَةِ الرَّحْلِ قَطَعَ صَلاَتَهُ الْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ وَالْحِمَارُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ لأَبِي ذَرٍّ مَا بَالُ الأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الأَحْمَرِ مِنَ الأَبْيَضِ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي سَأَلْتَنِي كَمَا سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ الْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ شَيْطَانٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَالْحَكَمِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو الْغِفَارِيِّ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي ذَرٍّ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ إِلَيْهِ قَالُوا يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ الْحِمَارُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ وَالْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ الَّذِي لاَ أَشُكُّ فِيهِ أَنَّ الْكَلْبَ الأَسْوَدَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ وَفِي نَفْسِي مِنَ الْحِمَارِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ شَيْءٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ لاَ يَقْطَعُهَا شَيْءٌ إِلاَّ الْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ ‏.‏
 
Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When a man performs Salah and there is nothing in front of him like the post of a saddle, or a camel saddle, then his Salah is severed by (passing of) a black dog, a woman, and a donkey.' It was said to Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'What is the problem with the black dog rather than the red or white one?' He said : 'O my nephew! I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) just as you have asked me. He said : 'The black dog is a Shaitan (devil).'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Sa'id, Al-Hakam (bin Umar), Al-Ghifari, Abu Huraira and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  Some of the people of knowledge hold a view that the Salah is severed by the donkey, the woman, and the black dog.  Ahmad said : 'the one that there is no doubt in,   is that the (passing of the) black dog severs the Salah and to me there is a problem with the donkey and the woman.  Ishaq said, nothing severs the Salah except the black dog. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (137)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فِي الثَّوْبِ الْوَاحِدِ
What has been related about performing Salah in one garment
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 191 
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّهُ رَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي فِي بَيْتِ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ مُشْتَمِلاً فِي ثَوْبٍ وَاحِدٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَجَابِرٍ وَسَلَمَةَ بْنِ الأَكْوَعِ وَأَنَسٍ وَعَمْرِو بْنِ أَبِي أُسَيْدٍ وَعُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَكَيْسَانَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَعَائِشَةَ وَأُمِّ هَانِئٍ وَعَمَّارِ بْنِ يَاسِرٍ وَطَلْقِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَصَامِتٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عُمَرَ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ وَغَيْرِهِمْ قَالُوا لاَ بَأْسَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فِي الثَّوْبِ الْوَاحِدِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ قَالَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يُصَلِّي الرَّجُلُ فِي ثَوْبَيْنِ ‏.‏
 
Umar bin Abi Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  in the house of Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) wrapped in one garment.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira, Jabir, Salama bin Al-Akwa, Anas, Amr bin Abi Asid, Abu Sa'id, Kaisan, Ibn Abbas, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Umm Hadi, Ammar bin Yasir, Talq bin Ali and Ubadah bin As-Samit al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Umar bin Abi Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them among the Tabi'een and others.  They say that there is no harm in praying in one garment.  Some of the people of knowledge have said that a man should perform Salah in two garments. 
 
 

CHAPTER (138)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي ابْتِدَاءِ الْقِبْلَةِ
What has been related about the beginning of (Ka'aba as) Qibla
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 192 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ صَلَّى نَحْوَ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ سِتَّةَ أَوْ سَبْعَةَ عَشَرَ شَهْرًا وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُحِبُّ أَنْ يُوَجَّهَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَىْ‏:‏ ‏(‏قَدْ نَرَى تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبْلَةً تَرْضَاهَا فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ‏)‏ فَوُجِّهَ نَحْوَ الْكَعْبَةِ وَكَانَ يُحِبُّ ذَلِكَ فَصَلَّى رَجُلٌ مَعَهُ الْعَصْرَ ثُمَّ مَرَّ عَلَى قَوْمٍ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ وَهُمْ رُكُوعٌ فِي صَلاَةِ الْعَصْرِ نَحْوَ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَقَالَ هُوَ يَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ صَلَّى مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَنَّهُ قَدْ وُجِّهَ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَانْحَرَفُوا وَهُمْ رُكُوعٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَعُمَارَةَ بْنِ أَوْسٍ وَعَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ الْمُزَنِيِّ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَحَدِيثُ الْبَرَاءِ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏
 
Al-Bara bin Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) arrived in Madinah, he faced Bait Al-Maqdis in Salah for sixteen or seventeen months. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) longed to face the direction of the Ka'ba, so Allah Most High revealed - ‏قَدْ نَرَى تَقَلُّبَ وَجْهِكَ فِي السَّمَاءِ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبْلَةً تَرْضَاهَا فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ‏ [ Verily! We have seen the turning of your face towards the heaven. Surely We shall turn you to a Qiblah that shall please you. So turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haram]. (Al-Baqara - 144).  So he faced the Ka'ba, and he liked that. A man prayed Asr with him then passed by some of the Ansar who were bowing in Salah for Asr while facing Bait Al-Maqdis.' He told them that he had faced the direction of the Ka'ba, so they changed (their direction) while they were bowing.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Umar, Ibn Abbas, Umarah bin Aws, Amr bin Awf Al-Muzani and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Al-Bara (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has also been narrated by Sufyan Ath-Thawri from Abu Ishaq. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 193
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that they were bowing during the Subh (Fajr) Prayer (when they were informed about the change of Qibla by a companion of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who had performed Salah with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said that Ibn Umar's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Hadith is Hasan Sahih.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (139)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّ مَا بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ قِبْلَةٌ
What has been related about 'what is between the east and te west is a Qibla
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 194 
 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'What is between the east and the west,  is Qibla.'
 

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 195
 
There is another chain with a similar narration attributed to Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been narrated from him by other routes (as well).  Some of the people of knowledge have criticized Abu Mashar for his memory.  His name is Najih and he is the freed slave of Banu Hashim.  Muhammad said, I do not report anything from him although the people have reported from him.  And Mohammad said, the Hadith of Abdulla bin Ja'far al-Makhrami from Uthman bin Mhammad al-Akhnasi from Sa'id al-Maqburi from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  is stronger and more correct  that the Hadith of Abu Mashar. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 196
 
There is another chain in which Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is reported to have said :   the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'What is between the east and the west is Qibla.'
 
And they call him Abdullah bin Ja'far al-Makhrami because he is descendant of Al-Miswar bin Makhrama.  Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  'What is between the East and the West is Qibla' has been reported from more than one of the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), among them are Umar bin al-Khattab, Ali bin Abi Talib and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said when the West is to you right, and the East to your left, then what is between them is Qibla when you are facing the Qibla.  Al-Mubarak said 'what is between the East and the West is Qibla'  is for the people of the East.  And Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak preferred that the people of Merv (a place in Turkmenistan) face toward the left.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (140)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي لِغَيْرِ الْقِبْلَةِ فِي الْغَيْمِ
What has been related about a man who prays facing a direction other than the Qibla when it is cloudy
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 197 
 

حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَشْعَثُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ السَّمَّانُ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَامِرِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي سَفَرٍ فِي لَيْلَةٍ مُظْلِمَةٍ فَلَمْ نَدْرِ أَيْنَ الْقِبْلَةُ فَصَلَّى كُلُّ رَجُلٍ مِنَّا عَلَى حِيَالِهِ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحْنَا ذَكَرْنَا ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَنَزَلَ‏:‏ ‏(‏فَأَيْنَمَا تُولُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ الله‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ لَيْسَ إِسْنَادُهُ بِذَاكَ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَشْعَثَ السَّمَّانِ ‏.‏ وَأَشْعَثُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ أَبُو الرَّبِيعِ السَّمَّانُ يُضَعَّفُ فِي الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ أَكْثَرُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ إِلَى هَذَا ‏.‏ قَالُوا إِذَا صَلَّى فِي الْغَيْمِ لِغَيْرِ الْقِبْلَةِ ثُمَّ اسْتَبَانَ لَهُ بَعْدَ مَا صَلَّى أَنَّهُ صَلَّى لِغَيْرِ الْقِبْلَةِ فَإِنَّ صَلاَتَهُ جَائِزَةٌ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Amir bin Rabi'ah narrated from his father who said : 'We were with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on a journey on a very dark night and we did not know the direction of the Qiblah.  So each man among us prayed in his own direction. In the morning when we mentioned that to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), then the following (verse) was revealed -  ‏فَأَيْنَمَا تُولُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ الله‏ [ So whichever side you turn you will find Allah.] (Al-Baqara - 115).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there is a problem with the chain of this Hadith as we do not know of it except as a narration of Ash'ath As-Samman and Ash'at bin Said, Abu Ar-Rabiah as-Samman is weak in Ahadith.  Most of the people of knowledge held views in accordance with this.  They say that if one performs Salah when it is cloudy towards a direction other than the Qibla, then it becomes clear to him after having prayed that the prayed in a direction other than the Qibla, then his Salah is acceptable.  This is the view of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ahmad and Ishaq. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (141)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ مَا يُصَلَّى إِلَيْهِ وَفِيهِ
What has been related about what is disliked to be in or  face while performing salah 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 198 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُقْرِئُ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ جَبِيرَةَ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ الْحُصَيْنِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى أَنْ يُصَلَّى فِي سَبْعَةِ مَوَاطِنَ فِي الْمَزْبَلَةِ وَالْمَجْزَرَةِ وَالْمَقْبُرَةِ وَقَارِعَةِ الطَّرِيقِ وَفِي الْحَمَّامِ وَفِي مَعَاطِنِ الإِبِلِ وَفَوْقَ ظَهْرِ بَيْتِ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited Salah being performed in seven places : the dung heap, the slaughtering area, the (unbelievers') graveyard, the commonly used road, the wash area, the area where camels rest and above the House of Allah (the Ka'ba).'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 199
 
There is another chain in which Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated a similar Hadith as above.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there are narrations on this topic from Abu Marthad, Jabir and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Abu Marthad's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) name is Kannaz bin Husain.  He said the chain for the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is not that strong.  Zaid bin Jabirah (one of the narrators in both the narrations)  has been criticized for his memory.  Imam Tirmidhi said Zaid bin Jubair Al-Kufi is more confirmed than this one and lived earlier and he heard from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Al-Laith bin Sa'd narrated this Hadith from Abdullah bin Umar al-Umari from Nafi from (Ibn) Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and it is similar to (Hadith 198 above).  The Hadith of Dawood from Nafi, from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is more appropriate and more correct than the Hadith of Al-Laith bin Sa'd.  Abdullah bin Umar al-Umari was considered weak by some of the people of Hadith due to his memory and one of these scholars was Yahya bin Sa'id al-Qattan.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (142)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فِي مَرَابِضِ الْغَنَمِ وَأَعْطَانِ الإِبِلِ
What has been related about Salah in Sheep pens and the resting area of camels
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 200 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عَيَّاشٍ، عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ صَلُّوا فِي مَرَابِضِ الْغَنَمِ وَلاَ تُصَلُّوا فِي أَعْطَانِ الإِبِلِ ‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Perform Salah in sheep pens but do not pray in the camels' resting area.'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 201
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عَيَّاشٍ، عَنْ أَبِي حَصِينٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمِثْلِهِ أَوْ بِنَحْوِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ وَالْبَرَاءِ وَسَبْرَةَ بْنِ مَعْبَدٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُغَفَّلٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَعَلَيْهِ الْعَمَلُ عِنْدَ أَصْحَابِنَا وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي حَصِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَرَوَاهُ إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي حَصِينٍ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ مَوْقُوفًا وَلَمْ يَرْفَعْهُ ‏.‏ وَاسْمُ أَبِي حَصِينٍ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَاصِمٍ الأَسَدِيُّ ‏.‏
 
There is another chain in which Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated a similar Hadith from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Jabir bin Samurah, Al-Bara, Sabrah bin Ma'bad Al-Juhani, Abdullah bin Mughaffal, Ibn Umar and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to our companions and it is the saying of Ahmad and Ishaq.  The Hadith of Abu Hasin (a narrator in this chain of Hadith) from Abu Salih, from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is a Gharib Hadith.  Israil reported it from Abu Hasin from Abu Salih from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) which is a Mawquf as he did not narrate it in Marfu form. Abi Hasin's name is Uthman bin Asim Al-Asadi.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 202
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would perform Salah in sheep pens.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  Abu At-Tayya (Ad-Dubei's) (one of the narrators) name is Yazid bin Humaid. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (143)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الدَّابَّةِ حَيْثُمَا تَوَجَّهَتْ بِهِ
What has been related about Salah on a beast (during travel) whichever direction it is facing
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 203 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، وَيَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ بَعَثَنِي النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي حَاجَةٍ فَجِئْتُ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ نَحْوَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالسُّجُودُ أَخْفَضُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَعَامِرِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ جَابِرٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنْ جَابِرٍ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ عَامَّةِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ لاَ نَعْلَمُ بَيْنَهُمُ اخْتِلاَفًا ‏.‏ لاَ يَرَوْنَ بَأْسًا أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ تَطَوُّعًا حَيْثُمَا كَانَ وَجْهُهُ إِلَى الْقِبْلَةِ أَوْ غَيْرِهَا ‏.‏
 
Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) dispatched me for something he needed. I came to him while he was performing Salah on his mount, heading east, he made the prostrations lower than the bowing.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Anas, Ibn Umar, Abu Sa'id and Amir bin Rabiah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This Hadith is also related from other routes to Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  In general, we do not know of any differences among them about it.  They do not see any harm in a man performing voluntary Salah on his mount, facing whichever direction it is headed, toward the Qibla or not. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (144)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ إِلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ
What has been related about Salah towards one's Mount
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 204 
حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ وَكِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ أَوْ رَاحِلَتِهِ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ حَيْثُمَا تَوَجَّهَتْ بِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ لاَ يَرَوْنَ بِالصَّلاَةِ إِلَى الْبَعِيرِ بَأْسًا أَنْ يَسْتَتِرَ بِهِ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Salah towards his she-camel, or his mount, and he would perform Salah while on his mount, whichever direction it was facing.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  It is the view of some of the people of knowledge, who do not see any harm in Salah toward a she-camel that one uses as a Sutra. 
 
 

CHAPTER (145)

باب مَا جَاءَ ‏"‏ إِذَا حَضَرَ الْعَشَاءُ وَأُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَابْدَءُوا بِالْعَشَاءِ 
What has been related about when supper is present and the Iqama is called for Salah the begin with supper
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 205 
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا حَضَرَ الْعَشَاءُ وَأُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَابْدَءُوا بِالْعَشَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَسَلَمَةَ بْنِ الأَكْوَعِ وَأُمِّ سَلَمَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَعَلَيْهِ الْعَمَلُ عِنْدَ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ وَابْنُ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ يَقُولاَنِ يَبْدَأُ بِالْعَشَاءِ وَإِنْ فَاتَتْهُ الصَّلاَةُ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى سَمِعْتُ الْجَارُودَ يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ وَكِيعًا يَقُولُ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ يَبْدَأُ بِالْعَشَاءِ إِذَا كَانَ طَعَامًا يُخَافُ فَسَادُهُ ‏.‏ وَالَّذِي ذَهَبَ إِلَيْهِ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ أَشْبَهُ بِالاِتِّبَاعِ وَإِنَّمَا أَرَادُوا أَنْ لاَ يَقُومَ الرَّجُلُ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَقَلْبُهُ مَشْغُولٌ بِسَبَبِ شَيْءٍ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّهُ قَالَ لاَ نَقُومُ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَفِي أَنْفُسِنَا شَيْءٌ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When supper is present and the Iqama for Salat has been called, then begin with supper.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), among them are Abu Bakr, Umar and Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  It is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq that one is to begin with supper even if one misses Salah in the congregation. Imam Tirmidhi said, 'I heard Al-Jarud saying : I heard Waki saying the following about this Hadith : Begin with supper when the food is such that one fears it spoiling'.   But the view of some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others is more worthy of being followed.  They only wanted that a man not stand in Salah while his heart is distracted by something else.  It has been related that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said 'We do not stand in Salah while there is something distracting in our Nufoos. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 206
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When the supper is presented and the Iqama is called for Salah, then begin with the supper.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said it was narrated to us by Hannad (who said) Abdah narrated to us from Ubaidullah from Nafi from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 

CHAPTER (146)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عِنْدَ النُّعَاسِ 
What has been related about Salah when feeling sleepy
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 207 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الْكِلاَبِيُّ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا نَعَسَ أَحَدُكُمْ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي فَلْيَرْقُدْ حَتَّى يَذْهَبَ عَنْهُ النَّوْمُ فَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ إِذَا صَلَّى وَهُوَ يَنْعَسُ لَعَلَّهُ يَذْهَبُ يَسْتَغْفِرُ فَيَسُبَّ نَفْسَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you is sleepy and he is performing Salah, then let him lie down until the sleep is gone from him. For when one of you performs Salat while he is sleepy, perhaps he wants to seek forgiveness but he curses himself.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There are narrations on this topic from Anas and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  
 
 

CHAPTER (147)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ زَارَ قَوْمًا لاَ يُصَلِّي بِهِمْ
What has been related about whoever visits a people, he does not lead them in Salah
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 208 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، وَهَنَّادٌ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ أَبَانَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْعَطَّارِ، عَنْ بُدَيْلِ بْنِ مَيْسَرَةَ الْعُقَيْلِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي عَطِيَّةَ، رَجُلٍ مِنْهُمْ قَالَ كَانَ مَالِكُ بْنُ الْحُوَيْرِثِ يَأْتِينَا فِي مُصَلاَّنَا يَتَحَدَّثُ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ يَوْمًا فَقُلْنَا لَهُ تَقَدَّمْ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لِيَتَقَدَّمْ بَعْضُكُمْ حَتَّى أُحَدِّثَكُمْ لِمَ لاَ أَتَقَدَّمُ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ زَارَ قَوْمًا فَلاَ يَؤُمَّهُمْ وَلْيَؤُمَّهُمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ قَالُوا صَاحِبُ الْمَنْزِلِ أَحَقُّ بِالإِمَامَةِ مِنَ الزَّائِرِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ إِذَا أَذِنَ لَهُ فَلاَ بَأْسَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِهِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ إِسْحَاقُ بِحَدِيثِ مَالِكِ بْنِ الْحُوَيْرِثِ وَشَدَّدَ فِي أَنْ لاَ يُصَلِّيَ أَحَدٌ بِصَاحِبِ الْمَنْزِلِ وَإِنْ أَذِنَ لَهُ صَاحِبُ الْمَنْزِلِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَكَذَلِكَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ لاَ يُصَلِّي بِهِمْ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ إِذَا زَارَهُمْ يَقُولُ لِيُصَلِّ بِهِمْ رَجُلٌ مِنْهُمْ ‏.‏
 
Abu Atiyyah narrated that a man among them said : 'Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to us in our Musalla to narrate. One day when it was time for Salah, we told him to go ahead (to lead the prayer). He said : 'Let one of you go forward, until I narrate to you why I would not go forward (to lead prayer).  I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : "Whoever visits a people, then he does not lead them, but a man among them leads them."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  This is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others.  They say that the owner of the house has more right to be the Imam that the visitor.  Some of the people of knowledge said that when the visitor is given permission then there is no harm if he leads them in Salah.  Ishaq commented on the Hadith of Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'He was very strict on the view that no one should lead the owner of the house in Salah even if he is given the permission to do so.  The same thing applies in the case of the Masjid (he does not lead them in Salah in the Masjid) when he visits them.  Rather, a man from among them should lead them in Salah. 
 
 

CHAPTER (148)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ أَنْ يَخُصَّ الإِمَامُ نَفْسَهُ بِالدُّعَاءِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked for the Imam to specify himself with supplications'
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 209 
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنِي حَبِيبُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي حَىٍّ الْمُؤَذِّنِ الْحِمْصِيِّ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ يَحِلُّ لاِمْرِئٍ أَنْ يَنْظُرَ فِي جَوْفِ بَيْتِ امْرِئٍ حَتَّى يَسْتَأْذِنَ فَإِنْ نَظَرَ فَقَدْ دَخَلَ وَلاَ يَؤُمَّ قَوْمًا فَيَخُصَّ نَفْسَهُ بِدَعْوَةٍ دُونَهُمْ فَإِنْ فَعَلَ فَقَدْ خَانَهُمْ وَلاَ يَقُومُ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَهُوَ حَقِنٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَبِي أُمَامَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ثَوْبَانَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ عَنِ السَّفْرِ بْنِ نُسَيْرٍ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَكَأَنَّ حَدِيثَ يَزِيدَ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ عَنْ أَبِي حَىٍّ الْمُؤَذِّنِ عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ فِي هَذَا أَجْوَدُ إِسْنَادًا وَأَشْهَرُ ‏.‏
 
Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'It is not allowed for a man to look into the interior of a man's house until he has been given permission, for if he looks, then he has entered. And one who leads people (in Salah) should not supplicate for himself alone with the exclusion of his congregation. If he does, then he has betrayed them. And one is not to stand for Salah while he has to urinate.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira and Abu Umama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما). This Hadith was reported from Muawiya bin Salih, from As-Safr bin Nusair from Yazid bin Shuraih from Abu Umama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). This Hadith was (also) reported from Yazid bin Shuraih from Abu Huraira from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  It is as if the narration of Yazid bin Shuraih from Abu Hayy al-Muad-dhin, from Thawban (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) is the best and most popular chain for this. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (149)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ أَمَّ قَوْمًا وَهُمْ لَهُ كَارِهُونَ
What has been related about whoever leads people in Salah while they dislike him
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 210
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى بْنُ وَاصِلِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى الْكُوفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ الأَسَدِيُّ، عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ دَلْهَمٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ لَعَنَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثَلاَثَةً رَجُلٌ أَمَّ قَوْمًا وَهُمْ لَهُ كَارِهُونَ وَامْرَأَةٌ بَاتَتْ وَزَوْجُهَا عَلَيْهَا سَاخِطٌ وَرَجُلٌ سَمِعَ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يُجِبْ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَطَلْحَةَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو وَأَبِي أُمَامَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ لاَ يَصِحُّ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُرْسَلٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْقَاسِمِ تَكَلَّمَ فِيهِ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ وَضَعَّفَهُ وَلَيْسَ بِالْحَافِظِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ الرَّجُلُ قَوْمًا وَهُمْ لَهُ كَارِهُونَ فَإِذَا كَانَ الإِمَامُ غَيْرَ ظَالِمٍ فَإِنَّمَا الإِثْمُ عَلَى مَنْ كَرِهَهُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ فِي هَذَا إِذَا كَرِهَ وَاحِدٌ أَوِ اثْنَانِ أَوْ ثَلاَثَةٌ فَلاَ بَأْسَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِهِمْ حَتَّى يَكْرَهَهُ أَكْثَرُ الْقَوْمِ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) cursed three people : A man who leads people (in Salah) while they dislike him, a woman who spends a night while her husband is angry with her, and a man who hears - حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ [come to success] then does not respond.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas, Talhah, Abdullah bin Amr and Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is not correct because it has been reported from Al-Hasan, from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) which is Mursal.  Imam Tirmidhi said, Muhammad bin Al-Qasim (one of the narrators) has been criticized by Ahmad bin Hanbal and he graded him weak.  He is not a proficient memorizer and narrator of Hadith.  There are those among the people of knowledge who dislike a man to lead the people in Salah while they dislike him.  If the Imam is not an oppressor, then the sin is only on those who dislike him.  Ahmad and Ishaq said about this : there is no harm if one , two or three people dislike him - not until most of the people dislike him.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 211
 
Amr bin Al-Harith Al-Mustaliq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'It used to be said that the people with the worst punishment (on the Day of Judgment) are two : A woman who disobeyed her husband, and a people's Imam whom they dislike.'
 
Hannad said, Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : So we asked about the case of the Imam.  We were told that this only refers to the oppressive Imam.  As for the Imam who establishes the Sunnah, then the sin is only on whoever dislikes him. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 212
 
Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostlel of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There are three whose Salah would not rise up beyond their ears : The runaway slave until he returns, a woman who spends a night while her husband is angry with her, and a people's Imam whom they dislike.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, this Hadith is Hasan Gharib from this route.  Abu Ghalib's (one of the narrators) name is Hazawwar. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (150)

باب مَا جَاءَ ‏"‏ إِذَا صَلَّى الإِمَامُ قَاعِدًا فَصَلُّوا قُعُودًا ‏"‏
What has been related about the Prophet's () saying 'When the Imam leads Salah while seated, then you  Perform salat seated'
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 213
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا شَبَابَةُ بْنُ سَوَّارٍ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ نُعَيْمِ بْنِ أَبِي هِنْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي مَرَضِهِ الَّذِي مَاتَ فِيهِ قَاعِدًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا صَلَّى الإِمَامُ جَالِسًا فَصَلُّوا جُلُوسًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَرَجَ فِي مَرَضِهِ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ فَصَلَّى إِلَى جَنْبِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَالنَّاسُ يَأْتَمُّونَ بِأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَأَبُو بَكْرٍ يَأْتَمُّ بِالنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْهَا أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ قَاعِدًا ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Salah behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), during the illness from which he died, and he was sitting.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is a Hasan Sahih Gharib Hadith.  It has been reported that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, when the Imam performs Salah sitting then (all of you) pray sitting.  It has also been narrated from her that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went out during his illness and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was leading the people in Salah, so he prayed beside Abu Bakr ().  The people were following Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was following the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  It has also been narrated that she said the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Salah behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) while seated.  And it has also been narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Salah behind Abu Bakr () and he was seated.
 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 215
 
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Salah during his illness behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) while seated, wrapped in a garment.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  He said this was reported by Yahya bin Ayyub from Humaid (from Thabit), from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  And it was also reported from others from Humaid, from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and they did not mention in it 'from Thabit'.  Whoever mentioned 'from Thabit' in it, then he is more correct. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (152)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الإِمَامِ يَنْهَضُ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ نَاسِيًا
What has been related about the Imam getting up forgetfully after two raka
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 216
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، قَالَ صَلَّى بِنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ شُعْبَةَ فَنَهَضَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ فَسَبَّحَ بِهِ الْقَوْمُ وَسَبَّحَ بِهِمْ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى بَقِيَّةَ صَلاَتِهِ سَلَّمَ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ ثُمَّ حَدَّثَهُمْ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَلَ بِهِمْ مِثْلَ الَّذِي فَعَلَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ وَسَعْدٍ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ ابْنِ بُحَيْنَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ قَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَقَدْ تَكَلَّمَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ فِي ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى مِنْ قِبَلِ حِفْظِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ لاَ يُحْتَجُّ بِحَدِيثِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى ‏.‏ وَقَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ابْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى هُوَ صَدُوقٌ وَلاَ أَرْوِي عَنْهُ لأَنَّهُ لاَ يَدْرِي صَحِيحَ حَدِيثِهِ مِنْ سَقِيمِهِ وَكُلُّ مَنْ كَانَ مِثْلَ هَذَا فَلاَ أَرْوِي عَنْهُ شَيْئًا ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ رَوَاهُ سُفْيَانُ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُبَيْلٍ عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ أَبِي حَازِمٍ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏ وَجَابِرٌ الْجُعْفِيُّ قَدْ ضَعَّفَهُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ تَرَكَهُ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ وَغَيْرُهُمَا ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنَّ الرَّجُلَ إِذَا قَامَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ مَضَى فِي صَلاَتِهِ وَسَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ رَأَى قَبْلَ التَّسْلِيمِ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ رَأَى بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ ‏.‏ وَمَنْ رَأَى قَبْلَ التَّسْلِيمِ فَحَدِيثُهُ أَصَحُّ لِمَا رَوَى الزُّهْرِيُّ وَيَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيُّ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَعْرَجِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ابْنِ بُحَيْنَةَ ‏.‏
 
Ash-Sha'bi narrated that Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in Salah, and he continued after the two Rak'a, so the people said : 'Subhan Allah' and he said : 'Subhan Allah' to them. When he finished his Salah he said the Taslim then performed two prostrations of As-Sahw while he was sitting. Then he narrated to them that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did the same with them as he had done.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Uqbah bin Amir, Sa'd and Abdullah bin Buhainah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Al-Mughira bin Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been reported from ore than route from Al-Mughira bin Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said, some of the people of knowledge have criticized Ibn Abi Laila due to his memory.  Ahmad said, the narrations of Ibn Abi Laila are not used as proof.  Muhammad bin Ismail (Bukhari) said, 'Ibn Abi Laila is truthful but I do not report from him because he did not know the authentic from the weak of his narrations.  Thus I do not report anything from anyone whose case is like this.'   This Hadith has been reported from other routes from Al-Mughira bin Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Sufyan reported it from Jabir, from Al-Mughira bin Shubail, from Qais bin Abi Hazim, from Al-Mughirah bin Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  But Jabir Al-Ju'fi was graded weak by some of the people of knowledge.  Yahya bin Sa'id, Abdur Rahman bin Mahdi and others abandoned him.  This is to be acted upon according to the people of knowledge in that when a manstands after two raka, he continues in his Salah and performs two prostrations.  Some of them thought it should be before the Taslim and others that it should be after the Taslim.  And whoever thought that it should before the Taslim, then his Hadith is more correct since it has been reported by Az-Zuhri and Yahya bin Sa'id al-Ansari from Abdur Rahman al-A'raj from Abdullah bin Buhainah.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 217
 
Ziyad bin Haqah narrated that Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in Salah. When he prayed two Rak'a he stood without sitting. Those who were behind him said 'Subhan Allah' and he indicated to them that they should stand. He said the Taslim when he had finished his Salah and he performed two prostrations of As-Sahw, and said the Taslim. He said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did this."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  This Hadith has been narrated from more than one route from Al-Mughirah from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (153)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي مِقْدَارِ الْقُعُودِ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ
What has been related about the length of the sitting after the first two raka
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 218
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ، - هُوَ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، أَخْبَرَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا جَلَسَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ كَأَنَّهُ عَلَى الرَّضْفِ ‏.‏ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ ثُمَّ حَرَّكَ سَعْدٌ شَفَتَيْهِ بِشَيْءٍ فَأَقُولُ حَتَّى يَقُومَ فَيَقُولُ حَتَّى يَقُومَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ إِلاَّ أَنَّ أَبَا عُبَيْدَةَ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْ أَبِيهِ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ يَخْتَارُونَ أَنْ لاَ يُطِيلَ الرَّجُلُ الْقُعُودَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ وَلاَ يَزِيدَ عَلَى التَّشَهُّدِ شَيْئًا ‏.‏ وَقَالُوا إِنْ زَادَ عَلَى التَّشَهُّدِ فَعَلَيْهِ سَجْدَتَا السَّهْوِ ‏.‏ هَكَذَا رُوِيَ عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ وَغَيْرِهِ ‏.‏
 
Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Mas'ud narrated from his father (Abdullah bin Mas'ud  -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said : 'When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sat for the first two Rak'a it was as if he was on hot stones.'  Shu'bah (one of the narrators) said : 'Then Sa'd's lips moved (saying) something. So I said : 'Until he stood?' He said : 'Until he stood.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan, except that Abu Ubaidah (one of the narrators) did not hear from his father.  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  They refer that a man does not sit long after the first two Rak'a and that he does not add anything to the Tashh-hud after the first two raka.  They say that if he adds to the Tashah-hud then he has to perform two prostrations for As-Sahw.  This has been related from Ash-Shabi and others. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (154)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الإِشَارَةِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about making gestures during the Salah 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 219
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الأَشَجِّ، عَنْ نَابِلٍ، صَاحِبِ الْعَبَاءِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ صُهَيْبٍ، قَالَ مَرَرْتُ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَرَدَّ إِلَىَّ إِشَارَةً ‏.‏ وَقَالَ لاَ أَعْلَمُ إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ قَالَ إِشَارَةً بِإِصْبَعِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ بِلاَلٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَنَسٍ وَعَائِشَةَ ‏.‏
 
Suhaib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : 'I passed by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was performing Salah, so I greeted him with Salam, and he returned it by a gesture.' He said : 'I do not know except that he said : 'He indicated with his finger.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Bilal, Abu Huraira, Anas and Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 220
 
'I said to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'How did the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reply to them when they gave him Salams and he was performing Salat?'  He said : 'He would motion with his hand.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, this Hadith is Hasan Sahih and the (previous) Hadith of Suhaib is Hasan as we do not know of it except as  a narration of Al-Laith from Bukair.  And it has been related from Zaid bin Aslam, from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said, ' I said to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), what would the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) do when they would greet him with Salam in Masjid Bamu Amr bin Awf?'  He said, he (the Prophet  ﷺ) would reply by indicating (with his hand).  And both of the narrations are correct in my view, because the story with the Hadith of Suhaib is not the same story as that in the Hadith of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and even though Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported it from both of them, it implies that he heard it from both of them.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (155)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّ التَّسْبِيحَ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقَ لِلنِّسَاءِ
What has been related about 'the Tasbih is for the men and clapping is for women' 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 221
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ التَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَجَابِرٍ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ كُنْتُ إِذَا اسْتَأْذَنْتُ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي سَبَّحَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The Tasbih is for the men and clapping is for the women.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ali, Sahl bin Sa'd, Jabir, Abu Sa'id and Ibn Umar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, I would say Subhan Allah if I wanted to seek permission  from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was performing Salah.  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge and it is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq.  
 
 

CHAPTER (156)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ التَّثَاؤُبِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked to yawn during the Salah' 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 222
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ التَّثَاؤُبُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ فَإِذَا تَثَاءَبَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَكْظِمْ مَا اسْتَطَاعَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ وَجَدِّ عَدِيِّ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ التَّثَاؤُبَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ إِنِّي لأَرُدُّ التَّثَاؤُبَ بِالتَّنَحْنُحِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Yawning in prayer (salah) is from the Shaitan, so when one of you yawns then let him suppress (it) as much as possible.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and the grandfather of Adi bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  The people of knowledge dislike yawning during Salah.  Ibrahim said, I repel the yawn by clearing my throat. 
 
 

CHAPTER (157)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّ صَلاَةَ الْقَاعِدِ عَلَى النِّصْفِ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْقَائِمِ
What has been related about the Salah while sitting is half of the salah while standing
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 223
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنٌ الْمُعَلِّمُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، قَالَ سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ صَلاَةِ الرَّجُلِ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ صَلَّى قَائِمًا فَهُوَ أَفْضَلُ وَمَنْ صَلَّى قَاعِدًا فَلَهُ نِصْفُ أَجْرِ الْقَائِمِ وَمَنْ صَلَّى نَائِمًا فَلَهُ نِصْفُ أَجْرِ الْقَاعِدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو وَأَنَسٍ وَالسَّائِبِ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about the Salat for a man who is sitting. He said : 'Whoever performs Salah standing is more virtuous. And whoever performs Salah while sitting,  he gets half the rewards of the one standing. And whoever performs Salah while lying down, then he gets half the rewards of the one sitting.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Imran bin Husain is Hasan Sahih Hadith. There are narrations on this topic from Abdullah bin Amr, Anas, As-Sa'ib and Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 224
 
 
This Hadith has been related from Ibrahim bin Tahman with this chain, except that he said : 'From Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said he asked the Aapostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about Salah for a sick person. He said : 'He performs Salah standing, if he is not able then sitting, if he is not able then on his side.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this was narrated to us by Hannad (who said) Waki narrated it to us from Ibrahim bin Tahman from Husain al-Muallim who narrated this Hadith.  He said we do not know anyone reporting a narration from Husain al-Muallim like that of Ibrahim bin Tahman.  Abu Usama and others reported it from Husain al-Muallim like the narration of Eisa bin Yunus (a narrator in Hadith (# 223 above).  According to some of the people of knowledge, this Hadith refers to the voluntary prayers.  Muhammad bin Bash-shar narrated to us that Ibn Abi Adi informed us from Ash'at bin Abdul Malik from Al-Hasan who said, 'If he wants, a man can pray voluntary Salah standing, sitting or lying down.  The people of knowledge differ over the Salah of the sick person when he is not able to pray sitting.  Some of th people of knowledge said that he prays on his right side.  Some of them said he prays lying on his back with his legs towards Qibla.  Regarding the Hadith : Whoever perform Salah while sitting, then he gets half the reward of the one standing', Sufyan Ath-Thawri said, this is for the healthy person and for anyone who does not have some excuse.  As for one who has an excuse, be it an illness or otherwise, then he performs Salah sitting and he gets the same reward as for standing.  Some of the narrations of this Hadith have been reported in a way that is similar to what Sufyan Ath-Thawri said.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (158)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَتَطَوَّعُ جَالِسًا
What has been related about voluntary prayers while sitting
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 225
حَدَّثَنَا الأَنْصَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ السَّائِبِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنِ الْمُطَّلِبِ بْنِ أَبِي وَدَاعَةَ السَّهْمِيِّ، عَنْ حَفْصَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى فِي سُبْحَتِهِ قَاعِدًا حَتَّى كَانَ قَبْلَ وَفَاتِهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِعَامٍ فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي فِي سُبْحَتِهِ قَاعِدًا وَيَقْرَأُ بِالسُّورَةِ وَيُرَتِّلُهَا حَتَّى تَكُونَ أَطْوَلَ مِنْ أَطْوَلَ مِنْهَا ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ وَأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ حَفْصَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ جَالِسًا فَإِذَا بَقِيَ مِنْ قِرَاءَتِهِ قَدْرُ ثَلاَثِينَ أَوْ أَرْبَعِينَ آيَةً قَامَ فَقَرَأَ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ ثُمَّ صَنَعَ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنْهُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي قَاعِدًا فَإِذَا قَرَأَ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ رَكَعَ وَسَجَدَ وَهُوَ قَائِمٌ وَإِذَا قَرَأَ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ رَكَعَ وَسَجَدَ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى كِلاَ الْحَدِيثَيْنِ ‏.‏ كَأَنَّهُمَا رَأَيَا كِلاَ الْحَدِيثَيْنِ صَحِيحًا مَعْمُولاً بِهِمَا ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Hafsah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that she did not see the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying voluntary prayers sitting until the year before he died. Then he would perform Salah for the voluntary prayers sitting, and he would recite a Surah and prolong it such that it would be longer than the longest of them.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and Anas bin Malik ().  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Hafsa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would perform some Salah at night while sitting, then when about thirty or forty verses were remaining of his recitation, he would stand to recite, then bow then do the same in the second Raka.  It has also been reported that he would pray sitting so that when he recited and he was standing, he would bow and prostrate while he was standing and if he recited while he was sitting, he would bow and prostrate while he was sitting.  Ahmad and Ishaq said that one is to act according to both Ahadith.  It is as if they thought that both of the Ahadith were authentic and should be acted upon. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 226
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would perform Salah while sitting. And he would recite while sitting. When about thirty or forty Ayah of his recitation remained he would standup and recite while he was standing, then he would bow and prostrate. He would do the same in the second Rak'ah."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 227
 
Abdullah bun Shaqiq narrated from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that he asked her about the voluntary Salah of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). She said : 'He would pray long into the night standing, and long into the night sitting. So when he recited and he was standing, he would bow and prostrate while standing, and when he recited while he was sitting, he bowed and prostrated while he was sitting.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (159)

باب مَا جَاءَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنِّي لأَسْمَعُ بُكَاءَ الصَّبِيِّ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَأُخَفِّفُ ‏"‏
What has been related about the Prophet () saying : 'I hear the crying of a small boy during the Salah and shorten it
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ الْفَزَارِيُّ، عَنْ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأَسْمَعُ بُكَاءَ الصَّبِيِّ وَأَنَا فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَأُخَفِّفُ مَخَافَةَ أَنْ تُفْتَتَنَ أُمُّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Indeed I hear the crying of a small boy while I am in Salah, so I shorten it in fear that his mother may suffer.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There are narrations on this topic from Abu Qatada, Abu Sa'id and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). 
 
 

CHAPTER (160)

باب مَا جَاءَ ‏"‏ لاَ تُقْبَلُ صَلاَةُ الْمَرْأَةِ إِلاَّ بِخِمَارٍ
What has been related about the Salah of a woman who has reached the age of menstruation is not accepted without a head cover
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا قَبِيصَةُ، عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ ابْنَةِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ تُقْبَلُ صَلاَةُ الْحَائِضِ إِلاَّ بِخِمَارٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏ وَقَوْلُهُ ‏"‏ الْحَائِضُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي الْمَرْأَةَ الْبَالِغَ يَعْنِي إِذَا حَاضَتْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ إِذَا أَدْرَكَتْ فَصَلَّتْ وَشَيْءٌ مِنْ شَعْرِهَا مَكْشُوفٌ لاَ تَجُوزُ صَلاَتُهَا ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الشَّافِعِيِّ قَالَ لاَ تَجُوزُ صَلاَةُ الْمَرْأَةِ وَشَيْءٌ مِنْ جَسَدِهَا مَكْشُوفٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَقَدْ قِيلَ إِنْ كَانَ ظَهْرُ قَدَمَيْهَا مَكْشُوفًا فَصَلاَتُهَا جَائِزَةٌ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The Salah of a women who has reached the age of menstruation is not accepted without a Khimar.'
 
There is something on this topic from Abdullah bin Amr.  And his saying 'Al-Ha'id' means a woman who has reached the age of menstruation.  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is a Hasan Hadith.  It is acted upon according to the people of knowledge and they say that when a woman performs Salah and some of her hair is uncovered then here Salah is not acceptable.  This is the view of Ash-Shafii who said, the Salah of a woman is not acceptaable if anything of her body remains uncovered.  And Ash-Shafii said, it has been said that if the tops of her feet are uncovered then her salah is acceptable.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (161)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ السَّدْلِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about As-Sadl being disliked during the Salah
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 230
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited As-Sadl in the Salah.
 
Explanation
 
As-Sadl means to keep a chador over the head and shoulder and leave its both ends untide or to wrap oneself in a cloth keeping the hands inside, or wear typical clothes which are condictory to customary Muslim appearance.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (162)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ مَسْحِ الْحَصَى فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked to smooth the pebbles during the Salah'
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 231
 
حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمَخْزُومِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا قَامَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَلاَ يَمْسَحِ الْحَصَى فَإِنَّ الرَّحْمَةَ تُوَاجِهُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ مُعَيْقِيبٍ وَعَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَحُذَيْفَةَ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي ذَرٍّ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَرِهَ الْمَسْحَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنْ كُنْتَ لاَ بُدَّ فَاعِلاً فَمَرَّةً وَاحِدَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ كَأَنَّهُ رُوِيَ عَنْهُ رُخْصَةٌ فِي الْمَرَّةِ الْوَاحِدَةِ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you stands for Salah then he should not smoothen the pebbles, for indeed it is mercy that he is facing.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ali bin Abi Talib, Hudhaifa, Jabir bin Abdullah and Muaiqib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  It has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) disliked smoothening out the pebbles during Salah and he said  'if you must do so, then only once'.  It is as if he has allowed doing it one time.  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  
 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 232
 
Mu'aiqib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about smoothening the pebbles during Salah. He said : 'If you must do so, then let it be only once.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Sahih.  
 
 

CHAPTER (163)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ النَّفْخِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked to blow from mouth during the Salah'
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 233
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَيْمُونٌ أَبُو حَمْزَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، مَوْلَى طَلْحَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَتْ رَأَى النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غُلاَمًا لَنَا يُقَالُ لَهُ أَفْلَحُ إِذَا سَجَدَ نَفَخَ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ يَا أَفْلَحُ تَرِّبْ وَجْهَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ وَكَرِهَ عَبَّادُ بْنُ الْعَوَّامِ النَّفْخَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَقَالَ إِنْ نَفَخَ لَمْ يَقْطَعْ صَلاَتَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ وَبِهِ نَأْخُذُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَرَوَى بَعْضُهُمْ عَنْ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ وَقَالَ مَوْلًى لَنَا يُقَالُ لَهُ رَبَاحٌ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw a boy of ours - called Aflah - blowing when he prostrated. So he said : 'O Aflah! Put your face in the dirt.'
 
Ahmad bin Mani said, Abad bin al-Awwam disliked blowing in Salah and he said that blowing does not invalidate the Salah.  Ahmad bin Mani said, this is our opinion.  Imam Tirmidhi said some narrate this Hadith from Abu Hamza (one of the narrators) saying  'a freed slave of ours who was called Rabah.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 234
 
 
There is another chain for this Hadith in which Abu Hamzah narrated : 'A boy of ours named Rabah.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the chain for the Hadith of  Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is not that strong.  Maimun Abu Hamza was graded weak by some of the people of knowledge.  The people of knolwedge differ over blowing during Salah, some of them said if he blows during the Salah he restarts his Salah.  This is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri and the people of Kufa.  Some of them said that blowing in the Salah is disliked but if he blows in his Salah, it does not invalidate his Salah.  This is the saying of Ahmad and Ishaq.  
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ حَسَّانَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ مُخْتَصِرًا ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ الاِخْتِصَارَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ وَكَرِهَ بَعْضُهُمْ أَنْ يَمْشِيَ الرَّجُلُ مُخْتَصِرًا ‏.‏ وَالاِخْتِصَارُ أَنْ يَضَعَ الرَّجُلُ يَدَهُ عَلَى خَاصِرَتِهِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَوْ يَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ جَمِيعًا عَلَى خَاصِرَتَيْهِ ‏.‏ وَيُرْوَى أَنَّ إِبْلِيسَ إِذَا مَشَى مَشَى مُخْتَصِرًا ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited  people to pray with their hands on hip.
 
There is something on this topic from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There are those among the people of knowledge who disliked 'al-Ikhtisar' in Salah.  Al-Ikhtisar is that a man places his hand on his hip during the Salah.  Some of them considered it disliked for a man to walk with his hands on his hip (or to place both of his hands on hips).  It has been related that when Iblis walks, he walks with his hands on his hips.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (165)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ كَفِّ الشَّعْرِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked (for men) to tie the hair during Salah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 236
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ مُوسَى، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، أَنَّهُ مَرَّ بِالْحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي وَقَدْ عَقَصَ ضَفِرَتَهُ فِي قَفَاهُ فَحَلَّهَا فَالْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ الْحَسَنُ مُغْضَبًا فَقَالَ أَقْبِلْ عَلَى صَلاَتِكَ وَلاَ تَغْضَبْ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ ذَلِكَ كِفْلُ الشَّيْطَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي رَافِعٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ كَرِهُوا أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ مَعْقُوصٌ شَعْرُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَعِمْرَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى هُوَ الْقُرَشِيُّ الْمَكِّيُّ وَهُوَ أَخُو أَيُّوبَ بْنِ مُوسَى ‏.‏
 
Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he passed by Imam Hasan bin Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) while he was praying and he had tied his locks at the back of his head, so he (Abu Rafi) undid them, and Imam Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) turned to him angrily. He said : 'resume your Salah and do not be angry, for indeed I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : 'That is the seat of Ash-Shaitan.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ummul Momineen Umma Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and Abdullah bin Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  This is acted upon according to the people of  knowledge.  They dislike for a man to perform Salah with his hair tied at at the back of his head.  Imam Tirmidhi said, Imran bin Musa (one of the narrators) is from the Quraish of Makka and he is Ayyub bin Musa's brother. 
 
 

CHAPTER (166)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّخَشُّعِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about focusing one's attention with humility during Salah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 237
 
حَدَّثَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، أَخْبَرَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ رَبِّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ أَبِي أَنَسٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نَافِعِ ابْنِ الْعَمْيَاءِ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ الصَّلاَةُ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى تَشَهَّدُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَتَخَشَّعُ وَتَضَرَّعُ وَتَمَسْكَنُ وَتَذَرَّعُ وَتُقْنِعُ يَدَيْكَ يَقُولُ تَرْفَعُهُمَا إِلَى رَبِّكَ مُسْتَقْبِلاً بِبُطُونِهِمَا وَجْهَكَ وَتَقُولُ يَا رَبِّ يَا رَبِّ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَقَالَ غَيْرُ ابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏"‏ مَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ ذَلِكَ فَهِيَ خِدَاجٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى سَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ يَقُولُ رَوَى شُعْبَةُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنْ عَبْدِ رَبِّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ فَأَخْطَأَ فِي مَوَاضِعَ فَقَالَ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ أَبِي أَنَسٍ وَهُوَ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ أَبِي أَنَسٍ وَقَالَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نَافِعِ ابْنِ الْعَمْيَاءِ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ شُعْبَةُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ عَنِ الْمُطَّلِبِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَإِنَّمَا هُوَ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَحَدِيثُ اللَّيْثِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ يَعْنِي أَصَحَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏
 
Al-Fadl bin Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said : 'Salah is two and two, with a Tashah-hud for every two Rak`a, with humility, imploring, having a sense of tranquility, pleading and showing helplessness and stretching out your hand' - he said : 'raising them to your Lord, with the insides of them facing your face, saying : 'O Lord! O Lord! And whoever does not do this, then it is like this or that.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said 'I heard Muhammad bin Ismail saying  'Shubah reported this Hadith from Abdur Rabbih bin Sa'id, but was mistaken in a number of places.  He said 'from Anas bin Abi Anas', while it is Imran bin Abi Anas.  And he said, from Abdullah bin Al-Harith, while it is Abdullah bin Nafi bin Al-Amya, from Rabiah bin Al-Harith.  And Shubah said, from Abdullah bin Al-Harith from al-Mutallib from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while it is only from Rabiah bin Harith bin Abdul Muttalib from Al Fadl bin Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Muhammad said, the Hadith of Al-Laith bin Sa'd is more correct than the Hadith of Shubah.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (167)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ التَّشْبِيكِ بَيْنَ الأَصَابِعِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about 'it is disliked to twirl  fingers during Salah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 238
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، عَنْ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَامِدًا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَلاَ يُشَبِّكَنَّ بَيْنَ أَصَابِعِهِ فَإِنَّهُ فِي صَلاَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ رَوَاهُ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ مِثْلَ حَدِيثِ اللَّيْثِ ‏.‏ وَرَوَى شَرِيكٌ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَجْلاَنَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَحْوَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَحَدِيثُ شَرِيكٍ غَيْرُ مَحْفُوظٍ ‏.‏
 
Ka'b bun Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostlel of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you performs Wudu and does so well, then he leaves intending to go to the Masjid, then let him not intertwine his fingers, for indeed he is in Salah'.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ka'b bin Ujra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been reported by more than one from Ibn Ajlan in a manner that is similar to the narration of Al-Laith (a narrator in the chain of the Hadith).  Sharik narrated it from Muhammad bin Ajlan, from his father, from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and it is similar to this Hadith.  But the narration of Sharik is not preserved.  
 
 

CHAPTER (168)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي طُولِ الْقِيَامِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ
What has been related about lengthy standing in the Salah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 239
 
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ قِيلَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَىُّ الصَّلاَةِ أَفْضَلُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ طُولُ الْقُنُوتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حُبْشِيٍّ وَأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏
 
Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that it was enquired from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : 'Which Salat is most virtuous?' He said : 'That with the longest Qunut.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Jabir bin Abdulla (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith and it has been reported by more than one route from Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) 
 
 

CHAPTER (169)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَثْرَةِ الرُّكُوعِ وَالسُّجُودِ وَفَضْلِهِ
What has been related about the virtue of performing many Ruku and Sujood
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 2,  Hadith # 240
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ، قَالَ وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ، رَجَاءٌ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ الْمُعَيْطِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَعْدَانُ بْنُ طَلْحَةَ الْيَعْمَرِيُّ، قَالَ لَقِيتُ ثَوْبَانَ مَوْلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْتُ لَهُ دُلَّنِي عَلَى عَمَلٍ يَنْفَعُنِي اللَّهُ بِهِ وَيُدْخِلُنِي الْجَنَّةَ فَسَكَتَ عَنِّي مَلِيًّا ثُمَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَىَّ فَقَالَ عَلَيْكَ بِالسُّجُودِ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يَسْجُدُ لِلَّهِ سَجْدَةً إِلاَّ رَفَعَهُ اللَّهُ بِهَا دَرَجَةً وَحَطَّ عَنْهُ بِهَا خَطِيئَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ma'dan bin Talhah Al Yamari reported that he met Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the freed slave of the Apostle of Allah