CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 JAMI AT-TIRMIDHI

 

  VOLUME (1.8)

  

BOOK # 3 - AL-WITR  

أَبْوَابُ الْوِتْرِ

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الْوِتْرِ

What has been related about the virtue of Witr

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 1
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ الزَّوْفِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي مُرَّةَ الزَّوْفِيِّ، عَنْ خَارِجَةَ بْنِ حُذَافَةَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ أَمَدَّكُمْ بِصَلاَةٍ هِيَ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ مِنْ حُمْرِ النَّعَمِ الْوِتْرُ جَعَلَهُ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ فِيمَا بَيْنَ صَلاَةِ الْعِشَاءِ إِلَى أَنْ يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو وَبُرَيْدَةَ وَأَبِي بَصْرَةَ الْغِفَارِيِّ صَاحِبِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ خَارِجَةَ بْنِ حُذَافَةَ حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ وَهِمَ بَعْضُ الْمُحَدِّثِينَ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ فَقَالَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ الزُّرَقِيِّ وَهُوَ وَهَمٌ فِي هَذَا ‏.‏ وَأَبُو بَصْرَةَ الْغِفَارِيُّ اسْمُهُ حُمَيْلُ بْنُ بَصْرَةَ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ جَمِيلُ بْنُ بَصْرَةَ وَلاَ يَصِحُّ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو بَصْرَةَ الْغِفَارِيُّ رَجُلٌ آخَرُ يَرْوِي عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ وَهُوَ ابْنُ أَخِي أَبِي ذَرٍّ ‏.‏

Kharijab bin Hudhafah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to us and  said : 'Indeed Allah has assisted you with a Salah that is better for you than red camels : Al-Witr which Allah made for you between the Isha till the start of Fajr.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Huraira, Abdullah bin Amr, Buraidah and Abu Basra al-Gifari, the companion of the Prophet (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Kharijia bin Hudhafa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Gharib Hadith as we do not know of it except from the narration of Yazid bin Abi Habib.  One of the Muhad-dithin (narrators of Ahadith ) made a mistake regarding this Hadith.  He said : (from) Abdullah bin Rashid Az-Zurqi and this is wrong.  (And Abu Basra Al-Ghifari's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) name is Humail bin Basra and some of them call him Jamil bin Basra that is not correct.  Abu Basrah Al-Ghifari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is another man who reports from Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he is a nephew of Abu Dharr -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ ضَمْرَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ الْوِتْرُ لَيْسَ بِحَتْمٍ كَصَلاَتِكُمُ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ وَلَكِنْ سَنَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وِتْرٌ يُحِبُّ الْوِتْرَ فَأَوْتِرُوا يَا أَهْلَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَلِيٍّ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏
 
Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Al-Witr is not incumbent like your obligatory prayers, but it is a Sunnah of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who said : 'Indeed Allah is Witr (One), and He loves Witr, so perform Witr O' people of the Quran.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Umar, Ibn Masud and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  

 
 
Sufyan Ath-Thawri and others reported from Abu Ishaq, from Asim bin Damrah, that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Witr is not incumbent like the status of the obligatory prayers, but it is a Sunnah which the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) practiced.
 
(Imam Tirmidhi said) that was narrated to us by Bundar (who said) : Abdur Rahman bin Mahdi narrated to us from Sufyan (from Abu Ishaq).  This is more correct than the narration of Abu Bakr bin Ayyash (a narrator in Hadith # 2 above).  Mansur bin Al-Mutamir reported a narration from Abu Ishaq which is similar to that of Abu Bakr bi Ayyash.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (3)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ النَّوْمِ قَبْلَ الْوِتْرِ

What has been related about 'it is disliked to sleep before Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 4
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ أَبِي زَائِدَةَ، عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ أَبِي عَزَّةَ، عَنِ الشَّعْبِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي ثَوْرٍ الأَزْدِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ أَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ أُوتِرَ قَبْلَ أَنْ أَنَامَ ‏.‏ قَالَ عِيسَى بْنُ أَبِي عَزَّةَ وَكَانَ الشَّعْبِيُّ يُوتِرُ أَوَّلَ اللَّيْلِ ثُمَّ يَنَامُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو ثَوْرٍ الأَزْدِيُّ اسْمُهُ حَبِيبُ بْنُ أَبِي مُلَيْكَةَ ‏.‏ وَقَدِ اخْتَارَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ أَنْ لاَ يَنَامَ الرَّجُلُ حَتَّى يُوتِرَ ‏.‏  وَرُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ خَشِيَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ لاَ يَسْتَيْقِظَ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ فَلْيُوتِرْ مِنْ أَوَّلِهِ وَمَنْ طَمِعَ مِنْكُمْ أَنْ يَقُومَ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ فَلْيُوتِرْ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّ قِرَاءَةَ الْقُرْآنِ فِي آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ مَحْضُورَةٌ وَهِيَ أَفْضَلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ حَدَّثَنَا بِذَلِكَ هَنَّادٌ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِذَلِكَ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered him to pray Witr before sleeping.
 
Eisa bin Abi Azzah said : Ash-Shabi would pray Witr during the first part of the night and then sleep (both of them are narrators of this Hadith).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Hadith from this route.  There is something on this topic from Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Abu Thawr Al-Azadi's name is Habib bin Abi Mulaikah.  There are those among the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them who prefer that a man not sleep until he has prayed witr.  It has been related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Whoever among you fears that he will not awaken at the end of the night, then let him pray Witr at its beginning.  And whoever among you expects to arise at the end of the night, then let him perform Witr at the end of the night.  Indeed the recitation of Quran at the end of the night is attended (by the angels) and it is more virtuous.  That was narrated to us by Hannad (who said) : Abu Muawiya narrated that to us from Al-Amash from Abu Sufyan from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
 
 

CHAPTER (4)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ مِنْ أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ وَآخِرِهِ

What has been related about Witr during the beginning of the night and its end

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 5

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَصِينٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ وَثَّابٍ، عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ عَائِشَةَ عَنْ وِتْرِ، رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ مِنْ كُلِّ اللَّيْلِ قَدْ أَوْتَرَ أَوَّلِهِ وَأَوْسَطِهِ وَآخِرِهِ فَانْتَهَى وِتْرُهُ حِينَ مَاتَ إِلَى السَّحَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى أَبُو حَصِينٍ اسْمُهُ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَاصِمٍ الأَسَدِيُّ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَجَابِرٍ وَأَبِي مَسْعُودٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ وَأَبِي قَتَادَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ الَّذِي اخْتَارَهُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ الْوِتْرُ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ ‏.‏
 
Masruq narrated that he asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) about the Witr of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). She said : He would pray Witr at anytime during the night, in the beginning, middle, or towards the end. During the last days before his death, he used to pray Witr before the approach of Sahar.  
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, Abu Hasin's name is Uthman bin Asim al-Asadi.  He said there are narrations on this topic from Ali, Jabir, Abu Masud al-Ansari and Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  He said, the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is the view chosen by some of the people of knowledge that Witr is at the end of the night.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ بِسَبْعٍ

What has been related about 7 raka for Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 6
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْجَزَّارِ، عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُوتِرُ بِثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً فَلَمَّا كَبِرَ وَضَعُفَ أَوْتَرَ بِسَبْعٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْوِتْرُ بِثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ وَإِحْدَى عَشْرَةَ وَتِسْعٍ وَسَبْعٍ وَخَمْسٍ وَثَلاَثٍ وَوَاحِدَةٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مَعْنَى مَا رُوِيَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُوتِرُ بِثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ قَالَ إِنَّمَا مَعْنَاهُ أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ ثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً مَعَ الْوِتْرِ فَنُسِبَتْ صَلاَةُ اللَّيْلِ إِلَى الْوِتْرِ ‏.‏ وَرَوَى فِي ذَلِكَ حَدِيثًا عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَاحْتَجَّ بِمَا رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَوْتِرُوا يَا أَهْلَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِنَّمَا عَنَى بِهِ قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ يَقُولُ إِنَّمَا قِيَامُ اللَّيْلِ عَلَى أَصْحَابِ الْقُرْآنِ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray Witr with thirteen (Rak'a). When he was older and became weak he prayed Witr with seven.
 
There is a narration on this topic from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is  a Hasan Hadith.  It has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray Witr with thirteen, with eleven, with nine, with seven, with five, with three and with one. Regarding the meaning of what has been reported about the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying Witr with thriteen, Ishaq bin Ibrahim said, it only means that he would pray thirteen raka during the night including Witr.  So the night prayer (Tahajjud) was included in Witr.  He related a Hadith about that from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).  He also argued using a report that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : pray Witr O'people of the Quran.  He said, he only meant the night prayer (Tahajjud) by that as if to say that the night prayer (Tahajjud) is only to be performed by those who know the Quran.   
 
 

CHAPTER (6)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ بِخَمْسٍ

What has been related about 5 raka for Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 7
 
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ الْكَوْسَجُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَتْ صَلاَةُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنَ اللَّيْلِ ثَلاَثَ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً يُوتِرُ مِنْ ذَلِكَ بِخَمْسٍ لاَ يَجْلِسُ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنْهُنَّ إِلاَّ فِي آخِرِهِنَّ فَإِذَا أَذَّنَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ قَامَ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ خَفِيفَتَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَأَى بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمُ الْوِتْرَ بِخَمْسٍ وَقَالُوا لاَ يَجْلِسُ فِي شَيْءٍ مِنْهُنَّ إِلاَّ فِي آخِرِهِنَّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَسَأَلْتُ أَبَا مُصْعَبٍ الْمَدِينِيَّ عَنْ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُوتِرُ بِالتِّسْعِ وَالسَّبْعِ قُلْتُ كَيْفَ يُوتِرُ بِالتِّسْعِ وَالسَّبْعِ قَالَ يُصَلِّي مَثْنَى مَثْنَى وَيُسَلِّمُ وَيُوتِرُ بِوَاحِدَةٍ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the night prayer (Tahajjud) of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was thirteen Rak'a, five of which were his Witr, not sitting in any of them except at the end of them. When the Mu'adh-dhin called the Adhan (for Fajr) he would stand to perform two light (Rak'a).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There is a narration about this from Abu Ayyub (). Some of the people of knowledge, among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others held the view that Witr was five (rak'a).  They said that one has to sit (for Tashah-hud) only in the last raka.  Imam Tirmidhi said, he asked Abu Mas'ab Al-Madani about this Hadith that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would perform Witr with nine and seven asking how would one perform Witr with nine and seven?  He said, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two, then two and say Taslim then make it Witr with one.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (7)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ بِثَلاَثٍ

What has been related about 3 raka for Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 8
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُوتِرُ بِثَلاَثٍ يَقْرَأُ فِيهِنَّ بِتِسْعِ سُوَرٍ مِنَ الْمُفَصَّلِ يَقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ بِثَلاَثِ سُوَرٍ آخِرُهُنَّْ ‏(‏قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ وَعَائِشَةَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبْزَى عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَيُرْوَى أَيْضًا عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبْزَى عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ هَكَذَا رَوَى بَعْضُهُمْ فَلَمْ يَذْكُرُوا فِيهِ عَنْ أُبَىٍّ وَذَكَرَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبْزَى عَنْ أُبَىٍّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ إِلَى هَذَا وَرَأَوْا أَنْ يُوتِرَ الرَّجُلُ بِثَلاَثٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ إِنْ شِئْتَ أَوْتَرْتَ بِخَمْسٍ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَوْتَرْتَ بِثَلاَثٍ وَإِنْ شِئْتَ أَوْتَرْتَ بِرَكْعَةٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ وَالَّذِي أَسْتَحِبُّ أَنْ أُوتِرَ بِثَلاَثِ رَكَعَاتٍ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ ابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ وَأَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ ‏.‏
 
Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray  Witr with three, reciting nine Surah from the Mufassal in them, reciting three Surah in each Rak'a with - ‏قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏  [Say, Allah is One]  at the end of them.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Imran bin Husain, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Ibn Abbas, Abu Ayyub and Abdur Rahman bin Abza from Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  There is also a narration from Abdur Rahman bin Abza () from the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  This is how some of them narrated it without mentioning Ubayy (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in it.  Some of them mentioned it from Abdur Rahman bin Abza from Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said, there are those among the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others who held this view that a man should pray three for Al-Witr.  Sufyan said, if one wishes to, he prays Witr with five, if he wishes he prays Witr with three and if he wishes, he prays Witr with one Raka.  Sufyan said, what is recommended is that he performs Witr with three raka.  This is the view of Ibn Al-Mubarak and the people of Kufa. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 9
 
حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الطَّالْقَانِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ قَالَ كَانُوا يُوتِرُونَ بِخَمْسٍ وَبِثَلاَثٍ وَبِرَكْعَةٍ وَيَرَوْنَ كُلَّ ذَلِكَ حَسَنًا ‏.‏
 
Mohammad bin Sirin said, they would pray Witr with five, with three and with one raka and they considered all of that to be good.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (8)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ بِرَكْعَةٍ

What has been related about one raka for Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 10
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، قَالَ سَأَلْتُ ابْنَ عُمَرَ فَقُلْتُ أُطِيلُ فِي رَكْعَتَىِ الْفَجْرِ فَقَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ مَثْنَى مَثْنَى وَيُوتِرُ بِرَكْعَةٍ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَالأَذَانُ فِي أُذُنِهِ ‏.‏ يَعَنِي يُخَفِّفُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَجَابِرٍ وَالْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَالتَّابِعِينَ رَأَوْا أَنْ يَفْصِلَ الرَّجُلُ بَيْنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَالثَّالِثَةِ يُوتِرُ بِرَكْعَةٍ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ مَالِكٌ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Sirin narrated that he asked Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the length of the two Rak'a (before) Al-Fajr.   He said the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two and two during the night, and he would pray Witr with one Rak'a. And he would pray two Rak'ah while he was hearing the Adhan (meaning that they were light).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ummul Momineen Aisha, Jabir, Al-Fadl bin Abas, Abu Ayyub and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Tabi'een.  They thought that a man should separate between rak'a and a third performing Witr with one raka.  This is the view of Malik, Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَا يُقْرَأُ بِهِ فِي الْوِتْرِ

What has been related about what is recited during Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 11
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ فِي الْوِتْرِ بِـ ‏(‏سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏)‏ وَ ‏(‏قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ‏)‏ وَ ‏(‏قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏)‏ فِي رَكْعَةٍ رَكْعَةٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَعَائِشَةَ وَعَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبْزَى عَنْ أُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَيُرْوَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبْزَى عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَرَأَ فِي الْوِتْرِ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ بِالْمُعَوِّذَتَيْنِ وَ ‏(‏قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ وَالَّذِي اخْتَارَهُ أَكْثَرُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ أَنْ يُقْرَأَ بِـ ‏(‏سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏)‏ وَ ‏(‏قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ ‏)‏ وَ ‏(‏قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ يُقْرَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ مِنْ ذَلِكَ بِسُورَةٍ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated :  Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recite during Witr -  ‏سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High]   and ‏قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ [ Say,  O you disbelievers ]   and  قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  [Say,  Allah is One ]   in each Rak'a.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ali, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Abdur Rahman bin Abza from Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم), (and it has been reported from Abdur Rahman bin Abza) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Imam Tirmidhi said it has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recite Al-Mu'awwidhatain (two Suras); and recite - قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  [Say,  Allah is One ] in the third raka.  What is preferred by most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them is to recite‏سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High]   and ‏قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ [ Say,  O you disbelievers ]   and  قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  [Say,  Allah is One ], reciting one of these Suras in each rak'a.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 12
 
 
Abdul-Aziz bin Juraij narrated that he asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) about the recitations of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) during Witr.  She said : 'In the first he would recite ‏سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [ Glorify the Name of your Lord the Most High], in the second - ‏قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ  [ Say,  O you disbelievers ] and in the third -   قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  [Say,  Allah is One ]  and Al-Mu'awwidhatain (last two Suras of the Quran).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.  He said Abu Abdul Aziz is the son of Ibn Juraij and the companion of Ata.  And Ibn Juraij's name is Abdul Malik bin Abdul Aziz bin Juraij.  This Hadith has been reported by Yahya bin Sa'id Al-Ansari from Amrah from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (10)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْقُنُوتِ فِي الْوِتْرِ

What has been related about the Qunut in Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 13
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ بُرَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ، عَنْ أَبِي الْحَوْرَاءِ السَّعْدِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ رضى الله عَنْهُمَا عَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَلِمَاتٍ أَقُولُهُنَّ فِي الْوِتْرِ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ أَبِي الْحَوْرَاءِ السَّعْدِيِّ وَاسْمُهُ رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ شَيْبَانَ ‏.‏ وَلاَ نَعْرِفُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الْقُنُوتِ فِي الْوِتْرِ شَيْئًا أَحْسَنَ مِنْ هَذَا ‏.‏ وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ فِي الْقُنُوتِ فِي الْوِتْرِ فَرَأَى عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ الْقُنُوتَ فِي الْوِتْرِ فِي السَّنَةِ كُلِّهَا وَاخْتَارَ الْقُنُوتَ قَبْلَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَإِسْحَاقُ وَأَهْلُ الْكُوفَةِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ أَنَّهُ كَانَ لاَ يَقْنُتُ إِلاَّ فِي النِّصْفِ الآخِرِ مِنْ رَمَضَانَ وَكَانَ يَقْنُتُ بَعْدَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ إِلَى هَذَا وَبِهِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ ‏.‏
 
Imam Hasan bin Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught him some phrases to say during Witr -  اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلاَ يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ وَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ   [ O Allah guide me among those You have guided, pardon me among those You have pardoned, befriend me among those You have befriended, bless me in what You have granted, and save me from the evil that You decreed. Indeed You decree, and none can pass decree, and none can pass decree upon You, indeed he is not humiliated whom You have befriended, blessed are You our Lord and Exalted.].
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan as we do not know of it except from this route in the narration of Abu Al-Hawra As-Sadi and his name is Rabia bin Shaiban.  There is a narration on this topic from Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  We do not know anything better than this about the Qunut in Witr from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  The people of knowledge differ over the Qunut in Witr. Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) held the view that the Qunut was recited in Witr throughout the year and he preferred that the Qunut be before the bowing (Ruku).  This is the saying of some of the people of knowledge.  It is the view of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ishaq, and the people of Kufa.  It has been related that Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would not recite Qunut except in the latter half of Ramadhan after bowing.  Some of the people of knowledge followed this.  It is the view of Ash-Shafii and Ahmad.  
 
 

CHAPTER (11)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّجُلِ يَنَامُ عَنِ الْوِتْرِ أَوْ يَنْسَاهُ

What has been related about a man who sleeps past Witr or forgets it

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 14
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ نَامَ عَنِ الْوِتْرِ أَوْ نَسِيَهُ فَلْيُصَلِّ إِذَا ذَكَرَ وَإِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever sleeps past Witr or forgets it, then let him pray it when he remembers it or when he awakens.'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 15
 
 
Zaid bin Aslam narrated from his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever sleeps past Witr,  let him pray it in the morning.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this is more correct than the narration before it (# 14 above).  Imam Tirmidhi said he heard Abu Dawood As-Sijzi that is Sulaiman bin Al-Ash'at saying that he asked Ahmad bin Hanbal about Abdur Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam.  He said, his brother Abdullah is tolerable.  He said, I heard Muhammad mentioning that Ali bin Abdullah said : Abdur Rahman bin Zaid bin Aslam was weak and he said : Abdullah bin Zaid bin Aslam is trustworthy.  Some of the people of Kufa followed this Hadith.  They say that a man prays Witr when he remembers even if it was after the sun had risen.  This is the view of Sufyan Ath-Thawri. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (12)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي مُبَادَرَةِ الصُّبْحِ بِالْوِتْرِ

What has been related about preceding the morning with Witr

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 16
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ أَبِي زَائِدَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ بَادِرُوا الصُّبْحَ بِالْوِتْرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Precede the morning with Al-Witr.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 17
 
 
Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Pray Witr before the morning comes upon you.'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 18

 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When Fajr begins, every Salah of the night and Witr have gone, so pray Witr before Fajr begins.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said Sulaiman bin Musa is along with the wording.  It has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said 'there is no Witr after the Subh prayer'.  This is the saying of more than one of the people of knowledge.  It is the view of Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  They did not think that Witr could be prayed after the Fajr prayer.   
 
 

CHAPTER (13)

باب مَا جَاءَ لاَ وِتْرَانِ فِي لَيْلَةٍ

What has been related about there are no two witr in one night

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 19
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مُلاَزِمُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بَدْرٍ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ طَلْقِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ وِتْرَانِ فِي لَيْلَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ فِي الَّذِي يُوتِرُ مِنْ أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ مِنْ آخِرِهِ فَرَأَى بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمْ نَقْضَ الْوِتْرِ وَقَالُوا يُضِيفُ إِلَيْهَا رَكْعَةً وَيُصَلِّي مَا بَدَا لَهُ ثُمَّ يُوتِرُ فِي آخِرِ صَلاَتِهِ لأَنَّهُ ‏"‏ لاَ وِتْرَانِ فِي لَيْلَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ الَّذِي ذَهَبَ إِلَيْهِ إِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ إِذَا أَوْتَرَ مِنْ أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ ثُمَّ نَامَ ثُمَّ قَامَ مِنْ آخِرِ اللَّيْلِ فَإِنَّهُ يُصَلِّي مَا بَدَا لَهُ وَلاَ يَنْقُضُ وِتْرَهُ وَيَدَعُ وِتْرَهُ عَلَى مَا كَانَ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ وَمَالِكِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ وَابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ وَالشَّافِعِيِّ وَأَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ وَأَحْمَدَ ‏.‏ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ لأَنَّهُ قَدْ رُوِيَ مِنْ غَيْرِ وَجْهٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ صَلَّى بَعْدَ الْوِتْرِ ‏.‏
 
Qais bin Talq bin Ali narrated that his father said he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : There are no two Witr in one night.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.  The people of knowledge differ over the one who prays Witr during the beginning of the night and then he stands (in prayer) in its latter part.  Some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and those after them thought that the Witr is incomplete and invalid unless a rak'a is connected to it, reciting whatever he wants, then he prays witr at the end of his prayer because there are no two Witr in the night.  This was attributed to Ishaq. Some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others said that when one prays Witr during the first part of the night, then sleeps, then he gets up in the latter part, he prays what he wants to.  It does not nullify his Witr so he leaves his Witr as it is.  This is the saying of Sufyan Ath Thawri, Malik bin Anas, Ahmad, Ibn al-Mubarak, Ash-Shafii and the people of Kufa.  This is more correct because more than one narration reports that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did offer prayers after Witr. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 20
 
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two Rak'a after Witr.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said similar to this Hadith had been reported by Abu Umamah, Ummul Momineen Aisha and more than one from companions from the Prophet (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين).
 
 
 

CHAPTER (14)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوِتْرِ عَلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ

What has been related about performing Witr on the Mount

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 21
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَمْشِي مَعَ ابْنِ عُمَرَ فِي سَفَرٍ فَتَخَلَّفْتُ عَنْهُ فَقَالَ أَيْنَ كُنْتَ فَقُلْتُ أَوْتَرْتُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَلَيْسَ لَكَ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُوتِرُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ ذَهَبَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ إِلَى هَذَا وَرَأَوْا أَنْ يُوتِرَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ لاَ يُوتِرُ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى الرَّاحِلَةِ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يُوتِرَ نَزَلَ فَأَوْتَرَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْكُوفَةِ ‏.‏ آخِرُ أَبْوَابِ الْوِتْرِ
 
Sa'eed bin Yasar narrated that he was with Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on a journey and  fell behind him. Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked : 'Where were you?' 'I said I prayed Witr.' He said : 'Is there not a good exampled for you in the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Witr on his mount.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Ibn Umar Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  Some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others, followed this.  They held the view that a man could pray Witr on his mount.  This was the view of Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  Some of the people of knowledge said that a man is not to perform Witr on his mount, when he wants to perform Witr he dismounts and prays it on the ground.  This is the saying of some of the people of Kufa.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (15)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي صَلاَةِ الضُّحَى

What has been related about Ad-Dhuha prayer

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 22
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ بْنُ بُكَيْرٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مُوسَى بْنُ فُلاَنِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، ثُمَامَةَ بْنِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ صَلَّى الضُّحَى ثِنْتَىْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ قَصْرًا مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فِي الْجَنَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أُمِّ هَانِئٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَنُعَيْمِ بْنِ هَمَّارٍ وَأَبِي ذَرٍّ وَعَائِشَةَ وَأَبِي أُمَامَةَ وَعُتْبَةَ بْنِ عَبْدٍ السُّلَمِيِّ وَابْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever prays twelve Rak'a of Ad-Duha (Chaasht), Allah will build a castle made of gold for him in Paradise.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Umm Hani, Abu Huraira, Nu'aim bin Hammar, Abu Dharr, Ummul Momineen Aisha, Abu Umama, Utbah bin Abdus Sulami ibn Awfa, Abu Sa'id, Zaid bin Arqam and ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Gharib Hadith we do not know of it except from this route.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 23
 
 
Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila narrated that no one informed that they saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying Ad-Duha (Chaasht) except Umm Hani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). She narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered her house on the Day of the Conquest of Makkah. He performed Ghusl and performed eight voluntary Rak'a such that she had not ever seen him pray any Salah lighter than them, but that he completed the bowing and prostrations.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  It is as if Ahmad thought that the most correct thing about this topic was the Hadith of Umm Hani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).  They differ over Nu'aim as some of them call him Nu'aim bin Khammar while others Ibn Hammar; and he is called Ibn Habbar and Ibn Hammam.  Ibn Hammar is correct.  Abu Nu'aim was confused in this, he said : Ibn Khamar then he left that and said, Nuaim from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, Abdu bin Humaid informed me of that from Abu Nu'aim. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 24
 
Jubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from Abu Ad-Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), or Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) narrated that Allah, Blessed and Most High said : 'Son of Adam: Pray four Rak'a for Me in the beginning of the day it will suffice you for the latter part of it.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 25
 
 
Abu Huraira Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever continuously performs the two Rak'a of Ad-Duha (Chaasht) his sins will be forgiven, even if they be like the foam of the sea.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said Waki, An-Nadr bin Shumail and more than one of the Aimmah reported this Hadith from Nahhas bin Qahm and we do not know of it except from his narration.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 26
 
 
Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray Ad-Duha (Chaasht) until we would say : 'He will not leave it.' And he would leave it until we would say : 'He will not pray it.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.  
 
 

CHAPTER (16)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عِنْدَ الزَّوَالِ

What has been related about Salah at the time of Az-Zawal

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 27
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُوسَى، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ أَبِي الْوَضَّاحِ، هُوَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْمُؤَدِّبُ عَنْ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ الْجَزَرِيِّ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي أَرْبَعًا بَعْدَ أَنْ تَزُولَ الشَّمْسُ قَبْلَ الظُّهْرِ وَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّهَا سَاعَةٌ تُفْتَحُ فِيهَا أَبْوَابُ السَّمَاءِ وَأُحِبُّ أَنْ يَصْعَدَ لِي فِيهَا عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ بَعْدَ الزَّوَالِ لاَ يُسَلِّمُ إِلاَّ فِي آخِرِهِنَّ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin As-Sa'ib Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray four (Rak'a) at the Zawal of the sun (when sun has passed its meridian) before Zuhr. He said : 'It is an hour in which the gates of the heavens are opened, and I love that a righteous deed should be raised up for me in it.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ali and Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abdullah bin As-Sa'ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.  It has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray four Raka after the Zawal (when sun has passed its meridian), not saying the Taslim except in the last of them.   
 
 

CHAPTER (17)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْحَاجَةِ

What has been related about the Salat al-Hajah (the prayer for the need)

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 28
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عِيسَى بْنِ يَزِيدَ الْبَغْدَادِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بَكْرٍ السَّهْمِيُّ، ‏.‏ وَحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُنِيرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بَكْرٍ، عَنْ فَائِدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ كَانَتْ لَهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ حَاجَةٌ أَوْ إِلَى أَحَدٍ مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ وَلْيُحْسِنِ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ لْيُصَلِّ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ لْيُثْنِ عَلَى اللَّهِ وَلْيُصَلِّ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ لْيَقُلْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ أَسْأَلُكَ مُوجِبَاتِ رَحْمَتِكَ وَعَزَائِمَ مَغْفِرَتِكَ وَالْغَنِيمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ بِرٍّ وَالسَّلاَمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ إِثْمٍ لاَ تَدَعْ لِي ذَنْبًا إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ وَلاَ هَمًّا إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ وَلاَ حَاجَةً هِيَ لَكَ رِضًا إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ وَفِي إِسْنَادِهِ مَقَالٌ ‏.‏ فَائِدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ يُضَعَّفُ فِي الْحَدِيثِ وَفَائِدٌ هُوَ أَبُو الْوَرْقَاءِ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Abi Awfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever has a need from Allah, or from one of the sons of Adam, then let him do Wudu', doing it well, then pray two Rak`a, then praise Allah and recite durood upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Then let him say -  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ الْحَلِيمُ الْكَرِيمُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ أَسْأَلُكَ مُوجِبَاتِ رَحْمَتِكَ وَعَزَائِمَ مَغْفِرَتِكَ وَالْغَنِيمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ بِرٍّ وَالسَّلاَمَةَ مِنْ كُلِّ إِثْمٍ لاَ تَدَعْ لِي ذَنْبًا إِلاَّ غَفَرْتَهُ وَلاَ هَمًّا إِلاَّ فَرَّجْتَهُ وَلاَ حَاجَةً هِيَ لَكَ رِضًا إِلاَّ قَضَيْتَهَا يَا أَرْحَمَ الرَّاحِمِينَ  [ There is no god but Allah, the Forbearing), the Generous. Glorious is Allah, Lord of the Magnificent Throne. All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. I ask You for that which warrants Your mercy, and that which will determine Your forgiveness, and the spoils (fruits) of every righteous deed, and safety from every sin; do not leave a sin for me without forgiving it, nor a worry without relieving it. Or a need that pleases you without granting it. O Most Merciful of those who have mercy].
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Gharib as there is criticism regarding its chain.  Faid bin Abdur Rahman is weak in Hadith and Faid is Abu Al-Warqa. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (18)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي صَلاَةِ الاِسْتِخَارَةِ

What has been related about the Salat al-Isthikharah

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 29
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الْمَوَالِي، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَلِّمُنَا الاِسْتِخَارَةَ فِي الأُمُورِ كُلِّهَا كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنَا السُّورَةَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا هَمَّ أَحَدُكُمْ بِالأَمْرِ فَلْيَرْكَعْ رَكْعَتَيْنِ مِنْ غَيْرِ الْفَرِيضَةِ ثُمَّ لْيَقُلِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلاَ أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعِيشَتِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعِيشَتِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ وَاقْدُرْ لِيَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ أَرْضِنِي بِهِ قَالَ وَيُسَمِّي حَاجَتَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ جَابِرٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي الْمَوَالِي ‏.‏ وَهُوَ شَيْخٌ مَدِينِيٌّ ثِقَةٌ رَوَى عَنْهُ سُفْيَانُ حَدِيثًا وَقَدْ رَوَى عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ غَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنَ الأَئِمَّةِ وَهُوَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي الْمَوَالِي ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would teach us Al-Isthikhara for all of our affairs just as he would teach us a Surah of the Qur'an, saying : 'When one of you is worried about a matter, then let him perform two Rak'a other than the obligatory (prayer), then let him say -  اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلاَ أَقْدِرُ وَتَعْلَمُ وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعِيشَتِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعِيشَتِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ وَاقْدُرْ لِيَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ أَرْضِنِي بِهِ   [ O Allah! I consult Your knowledge, and seek ability from Your power, and I ask You from Your magnificent bounty, for indeed You have power and I do not have power, and You know while I do not know, and You know the unseen. O Allah! If you know that this matter is good for me in my religion or my livelihood, and for my life in the Hereafter - or he said: for my present and future - then make it easy for me, then bless me in it. If You know that this matter is bad for me in my religion and my livelihood and my life in the Hereafter - or he said: for my present and future - then divert it from me and divert me from it, enable me to find the good wherever it is, then make me pleased with it. ]  And he mentions his need.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abdullah bin Masud and Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Jabir is Hasan Sahih Gharib Hadith as we do not know of it except as a narration of Abdur Rahman bin Abi Al-Mawali and he is a Shaikh from Madina who is trustworthy.  Sufyan narrates Ahadith from him and more than one of the Aimmah reported from Abdur Rahman (and he is Abdur Rahman bin Zaid bin Abi Al-Mawali.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (19)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي صَلاَةِ التَّسْبِيحِ

What has been related about the Salat al-Tasbih

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 30
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ أُمَّ سُلَيْمٍ، غَدَتْ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ عَلِّمْنِي كَلِمَاتٍ أَقُولُهُنَّ فِي صَلاَتِي ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ كَبِّرِي اللَّهَ عَشْرًا وَسَبِّحِي اللَّهَ عَشْرًا وَاحْمَدِيهِ عَشْرًا ثُمَّ سَلِي مَا شِئْتِ يَقُولُ نَعَمْ نَعَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو وَالْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَأَبِي رَافِعٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَيْرُ حَدِيثٍ فِي صَلاَةِ التَّسْبِيحِ وَلاَ يَصِحُّ مِنْهُ كَبِيرُ شَيْءٍ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَأَى ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَغَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ صَلاَةَ التَّسْبِيحِ وَذَكَرُوا الْفَضْلَ فِيهِ ‏.‏ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو وَهْبٍ قَالَ سَأَلْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ الَّتِي يُسَبَّحُ فِيهَا فَقَالَ يُكَبِّرُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ خَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ مَرَّةً سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ يَتَعَوَّذُ وَيَقْرَأُ ‏(‏بِسمِ الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏)‏ وَفَاتِحَةَ الْكِتَابِ وَسُورَةً ثُمَّ يَقُولُ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ يَرْكَعُ فَيَقُولُهَا عَشْرًا ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ فَيَقُولُهَا عَشْرًا ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ فَيَقُولُهَا عَشْرًا ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ فَيَقُولُهَا عَشْرًا ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ الثَّانِيَةَ فَيَقُولُهَا عَشْرًا يُصَلِّي أَرْبَعَ رَكَعَاتٍ عَلَى هَذَا فَذَلِكَ خَمْسٌ وَسَبْعُونَ تَسْبِيحَةً فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ يَبْدَأُ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ بِخَمْسَ عَشْرَةَ تَسْبِيحَةً ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يُسَبِّحُ عَشْرًا فَإِنْ صَلَّى لَيْلاً فَأَحَبُّ إِلَىَّ أَنْ يُسَلِّمَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَإِنْ صَلَّى نَهَارًا فَإِنْ شَاءَ سَلَّمَ وَإِنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يُسَلِّمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو وَهْبٍ وَأَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ أَبِي رِزْمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ يَبْدَأُ فِي الرُّكُوعِ بِسُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ وَفِي السُّجُودِ بِسُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ يُسَبِّحُ التَّسْبِيحَاتِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ وَحَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ زَمْعَةَ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ وَهُوَ ابْنُ أَبِي رِزْمَةَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ إِنْ سَهَا فِيهَا يُسَبِّحُ فِي سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ عَشْرًا عَشْرًا قَالَ لاَ إِنَّمَا هِيَ ثَلاَثُمِائَةِ تَسْبِيحَةٍ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Umm Sulaim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : 'Teach me some words that I can say in my Salat'.  So he said : 'Mention Allah's Greatness (saying Allahu Akbar) ten times, mention Allah's Glory (saying Subhan Allah) ten times, and mention Allah's praise (saying Al-Hamdulilah) ten times. Then ask as you like, (for which) He says : 'Yes. Yes.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.  There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas, Abdullah bin Amr, Al-Fadl bin Abbas and Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Other Ahadith have been related from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about Salat at-Tasbih but there are not many things about it that are correct.  Ibn Al-Mubarak and more than one of the people of knowledge have reported about Salat at-Tasbih and the virtues of it.  Ahmad bin Abdah al-Amuli narrated to us : Abu Wahd narrated to us : I asked Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak about the Salah that has the Tasbih in it.  He said, one says the Takbir then says -  سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ  [ Glorious You are O Allah, and with Your praise and blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your majesty and there is non worthy of worship other than You ] then fifteen times he says -  سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ  [Glorious is Allah and all praise is due to Allah and there is god but Allah and Allah is Greatest].  Then he says the Tawwudh (أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم) and recites (Tasmia) - بِسمِ الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ  [ In the name of Allah the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful] And Fatihatil Kitab and Sura.  Then ten times he say says -  سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ  [Glorious is Allah and all praise is due to Allah and there is god but Allah and Allah is Greatest]. Then he bows saying that ten times then he raises his head (from bowing) and says it ten times.  Then he prostrates and says it ten times, then he raises his head and says it ten times.  Then he prostrates the second time and says it ten times.  He prays four raka in this manner so that will be seventy five Tasbih in every raka.  He starts every raka with fifteen tasbih, then he recites then says ten Tasbih.  If he prays during the night, then to me it is recommended to the taslim for every two raka and if he prays during the day, then if he wants he says the taslim and if he does not want to, he does not say the taslim.   Ahmad bin Abdah said : Wahb bin Zam'ah narrated to us, he said : Abdul Aziz informed me and he is Ibn Abi Rizmah.  He said : I said to Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak : If one becomes forgetful in it, does he say the Tasbih in the prostrations of As-Sahw ten times in each?  He said no.  There are only three hundred Tasbih in it. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 31
 
 
Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Al-Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "O uncle! Shall I not give to you, shall I not present to you, shall I not benefit you?' He said : "Of course, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : "O uncle! Pray four Rak'a, reciting in each Rak'a Fatihatil-Kitab and a Surah. When you are finished your recitation then say - اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ ال [ Allah is Greatest, and all praise is due to Allah, and Glorious is Allah, and there is no god but Allah]  fifteen times before you bow.  Then bow and say it ten times, then raise your head and say it ten times. Then prostrate [the second time] and say it ten times. Then raise your head and say it ten times before standing. That is seventy-five in every Rak'a, which is three-hundred in four Rak'a. If your sins were like a heap of sand then Allah would forgive you.' He said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Who is able to pray that every day?'  He said : "If you can not pray it every day then pray it every Friday, and if you are not able to pray it every Friday then pray it every month.' And he did not stop saying that until he said : 'Then pray it once in a year.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Gharib as a narration of Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  
 
 

CHAPTER (20)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي صِفَةِ الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

What has been related about the description of Salah of the Prophet ()

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 32
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ مِسْعَرٍ، وَالأَجْلَحِ، وَمَالِكِ بْنِ مِغْوَلٍ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ عُتَيْبَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ، قَالَ قُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذَا السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ قَدْ عَلِمْنَا فَكَيْفَ الصَّلاَةُ عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيِدٌ مَجِيدٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَحْمُودٌ قَالَ أَبُو أُسَامَةَ وَزَادَنِي زَائِدَةُ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنِ الْحَكَمِ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى قَالَ وَنَحْنُ نَقُولُ وَعَلَيْنَا مَعَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَلِيٍّ وَأَبِي حُمَيْدٍ وَأَبِي مَسْعُودٍ وَطَلْحَةَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَبُرَيْدَةَ وَزَيْدِ بْنِ خَارِجَةَ وَيُقَالُ ابْنُ جَارِيَةَ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي لَيْلَى كُنْيَتُهُ أَبُو عِيسَى وَأَبُو لَيْلَى اسْمُهُ يَسَارٌ ‏.‏
 
Ka'b bin Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that they (the Sahabah) said O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we have learned about saying the Salam to you, but how about As-Salat upon you?' He said 'Say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيِدٌ مَجِيدٌ [ O Allah! Send Salat upon (Prophet) Muhammad and upon the family of (Prophet) Mohammad, just as You have sent Salat upon (Prophet) Ibrahim.  Indeed You are the Praised and Majestic. And send blessings upon (Prophet) Mohammad and upon the family of (Prophet) Mohammad just as You have sent blessing upon (Prophet) Ibrahim.  Indeed You are the Praised and Majestic].  'Mahmud said: "Abu Usamah said: Za'idah added something for me, from Al-Amash, from Al-Hakam, from Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Laila, that he said : 'We would say 'And upon us along with them.'
 
There are narrations about this topic from Ali, Abu Humaid, Abu Masun, Talhah, Abu Sa'id, Buraidah, Zaid bin Kharijah and they also call him Ibn Jariyah, and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ka'b bin Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila's Kunyah is Abu Eisa and Abu Laila's name is Yasar. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (21)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم

What has been related about the virtue of sending Salat on upon the Prophet ()

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 33
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، بُنْدَارٌ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ خَالِدِ ابْنُ عَثْمَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي مُوسَى بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الزَّمْعِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ كَيْسَانَ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ شَدَّادٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ أَوْلَى النَّاسِ بِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ أَكْثَرُهُمْ عَلَىَّ صَلاَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ صَلَّى عَلَىَّ صَلاَةً صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ بِهَا عَشْرًا وَكَتَبَ لَهُ بِهَا عَشْرَ حَسَنَاتٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The person closest to me on the Day of Judgement is the one who sent the most Salat upon me.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib.  It has been reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Whoever sends Salat upon me, Allah sends Salat upon him ten times and writes ten good rewards for him.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 34
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever sends Salat upon me, Allah sends Salat upon him ten times.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abdur Rahman bin Awf, Amir bin Rabiah, Ammar, Abu Talha, Anas and Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been reported from Sufyan Ath-Thawri and more than one of the people of knowledge that Allah's Salat is mercy and the angels' salat is asking for forgiveness (of the person reciting the Durood). 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 35
 
 
Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that undoubtedly, the supplication stops between the heavens and the earth. Nothing of it is raised up until you send Salat upon your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 3,  Hadith # 36
 
 
Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'No one should sell in our markets except one who has understanding in the religion.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Gharib (Abbas is Ibn Abdul Azim).  He said Al-Ala bin Abdur Rahman is Ibn Yaqub and he is a freed slave of Al-Hurqah.  Al-Ala is one of the Tabi'een who heard from Anas bin Malik () and others.  Abdur Rahman bin Yaqub, the father of Al-Ala is also one of the Tabi'een and he heard from Abu Huraira, Abu Sa'id Al-Kurdi and Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Yaqub (Al-Ala's grandfather) is one of the major Tabi'een as well and he saw Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and reported from him.