CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 JAMI AT-TIRMIDHI

 

  VOLUME (1.9)

  

BOOK # 4 - FRIDAY  

كِتَاب الْجُمُعَةِ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

 

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ

What has been related about the virtue of Friday

 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 1
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ خَيْرُ يَوْمٍ طَلَعَتْ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ فِيهِ خُلِقَ آدَمُ وَفِيهِ أُدْخِلَ الْجَنَّةَ وَفِيهِ أُخْرِجَ مِنْهَا وَلاَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ إِلاَّ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي لُبَابَةَ وَسَلْمَانَ وَأَبِي ذَرٍّ وَسَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ وَأَوْسِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The best day that the sun has risen upon is Friday.   On it Adam (عليه السلام) was created, on it he entered Paradise, and on it, he was taken out of it (to stay on Earth). And the Hour will not be established except on Friday.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Umamah, Salman, Abu Dharr, Sa'd bin Ubadah and Aws bin Aws (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. 

 

CHAPTER (2)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي تُرْجَى فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ

What has been related about the hour that is hoped for on Friday 

 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْهَاشِمِيُّ الْبَصْرِيُّ الْعَطَّارُ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَجِيدِ الْحَنَفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ وَرْدَانَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْتَمِسُوا السَّاعَةَ الَّتِي تُرْجَى فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى غَيْبُوبَةِ الشَّمْسِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ غَيْرِ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ ‏.‏ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ يُضَعَّفُ ضَعَّفَهُ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ قِبَلِ حِفْظِهِ وَيُقَالُ لَهُ حَمَّادُ بْنُ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ وَيُقَالُ هُوَ أَبُو إِبْرَاهِيمَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ وَهُوَ مُنْكَرُ الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ وَرَأَى بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ أَنَّ السَّاعَةَ الَّتِي تُرْجَى فِيهَا بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ إِلَى أَنْ تَغْرُبَ الشَّمْسُ ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ أَكْثَرُ الأَحَادِيثِ فِي السَّاعَةِ الَّتِي تُرْجَى فِيهَا إِجَابَةُ الدَّعْوَةِ أَنَّهَا بَعْدَ صَلاَةِ الْعَصْرِ وَتُرْجَى بَعْدَ زَوَالِ الشَّمْسِ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Seek out the hour that is hoped for on Friday after Asr until the sun has set."
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Gharib from this route.  And this Hadith has been reported from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) through routes other than this.  Muhammad bin Abi Humain (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) was graded weak.  He was  graded weak by some of the people of knowledge for his memory and they also call him Hammad bin Abi Humaid as well as Abu Ibrahim Al-Ansari.  He is Munkar in Hadith.  Some of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others thought that the hour which is hoped for was after Asr until the sun had set and this is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq.  Ahmad said : Most of the narrations which mention the hour in which it is hoped that the supplication will be answered (state that) it is after the Asr prayer and it is hoped for after the sun has passed its zenith.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 3

 
Kathir bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf Al-Muzani narrated from his father, from his grandfather that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'On Friday there is an hour in which the servant does not ask Allah for anything except that Allah grants it to him.' They said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), which hour is it? He said : 'When the prayer is begun until it is finished.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Musa, Abu Dharr, Salman, Abdullah bin Salam, Abu Lubabah, Sa'd bin Ubadah and Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Amr bin Awf is a Hasan Gharib Hadith.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 4
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The best day that the sun has risen upon is Friday. On it Adam (عليه السلام) was created, on it he entered Paradise, and on it, he was sent down from it. And in it there is an hour in which the Muslim servant would not stand in Salat, asking Allah for anything except that He would give it to him.' Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I met Abdullah bin Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and I mentioned this Hadith to him. He said : 'I am more knowledgeable about that hour.' So I said : 'Inform me about it, and do not keep any of it from me.' He said : 'It is after al-Asr until the sun has set.' I said : 'How can it be after Al-Asr when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : ' the Muslim servant would not stand in Salat.' And that is a time that prayer is not performed? So Abdullah bin Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Didn't the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : "Whoever sat in a gathering awaiting the Salah then he is in Salat? I said : 'Of course.' He said : 'Then that is it.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there is a long story in this Hadith.  He said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  His saying 'inform me about it and do not keep any of it from me' means, do not be stingy with me regarding it. 
 
 

CHAPTER (3)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الاِغْتِسَالِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

What has been related about taking bath on Friday 

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 5
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَتَى الْجُمُعَةَ فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَجَابِرٍ وَالْبَرَاءِ وَعَائِشَةَ وَأَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Salim narrated from his father, from his grandfather, that he heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : 'Whoever comes on Friday, then let him perform Ghusl.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Sa'id, Umar, Jabir, Al-Bara, Ummul Momineen Aisha and Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.   
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 6
 
There is another chain from Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ),  from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for a similar Hadith.
 
Muhammad said the Hadith of Az-Zuhri from Salim from his father (# 5 above) and the Hadith of Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Umar, from his father (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) - both these Ahadith are Sahih.  Some of the companions of Az-Zuhri and that Az-Zuhri said : 'the Family of Abdullah bin Abdullah bin Umar narrated to me from Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said, regarding Ghusl on Friday, it has also been reported  from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and it is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  
 
 
 
And Yunus and Ma'mar reported, from Az-Zuhri, from Salim from his father : 'Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was giving  Khutbah on Friday when a man from the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered. So he said : 'What time is it?' So he said : 'I don't know, I heard the call and did nothing more Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has ordered Ghusl.'
 
(Imam Tirmidhi said) Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Aban narrated that to us about it.  And Abdur Razzaq narrated to us from Ma'mar from Az-Zuhri. 
 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 8
 
 
There is another chain reaching to Az-Zuhri for this Hadith.  Malik reported it Hadith from Az-Zuhri, from Salim who said : 'Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was giving a Khutbah on Friday.' And he mentioned this Hadith.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said, I asked Muhammad about this and he said, what is correct is the Hadith of Az-Zuhri from Salim from his father.  Muhammad said, similar to this has also been reported by Malik from Az-Zuhri from Salim from his father. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (4)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي فَضْلِ الْغُسْلِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

What has been related about the virtue of Ghusl on Friday

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 9
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، وَأَبُو جَنَابٍ يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي حَيَّةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عِيسَى، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَشْعَثِ الصَّنْعَانِيِّ، عَنْ أَوْسِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنِ اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَغَسَّلَ وَبَكَّرَ وَابْتَكَرَ وَدَنَا وَاسْتَمَعَ وَأَنْصَتَ كَانَ لَهُ بِكُلِّ خَطْوَةٍ يَخْطُوهَا أَجْرُ سَنَةٍ صِيَامُهَا وَقِيَامُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَحْمُودٌ قَالَ وَكِيعٌ اغْتَسَلَ هُوَ وَغَسَّلَ امْرَأَتَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَيُرْوَى عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏"‏ مَنْ غَسَّلَ وَاغْتَسَلَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي غَسَلَ رَأْسَهُ وَاغْتَسَلَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ وَسَلْمَانَ وَأَبِي ذَرٍّ وَأَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَابْنِ عُمَرَ وَأَبِي أَيُّوبَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَوْسِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو الأَشْعَثِ الصَّنْعَانِيُّ اسْمُهُ شَرَاحِيلُ بْنُ آدَةَ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو جَنَابٍ يَحْيَى بْنُ حَبِيبٍ الْقَصَّابُ الْكُوفِيُّ ‏.‏
 
Aws bin Aws (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to him : 'Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday, and bathes completely, and goes early, arriving early, gets close and listens and is silent, there will be for him in every step he take the reward of a year of fasting and standing (in prayer).'
 
Mahmud (one of the narrators) said : Waki said : Ightasal - whoever performs Ghusl refers to him and Ghassala - refers to his wife.  It has been reported that Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said about this Hadith : whoever bathes completely and whoever performs Ghusl means, washes his head and performs Ghusl.  He said there are narrations on this topic from Abu Bakr, Imran bin Husain, Salman, Abu Dharr, Abu Sa'id, Ibn Umar and Au Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Aws bin Aws (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith and Abu Al-Ash'ath As-Sanani's name is Sharahil bin Adah.  And Abu Janab is Yahya bin Habib Al-Qassab Al-Kufi. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْوُضُوءِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ

What has been related about Wudu on Friday

Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 10
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُوسَى، مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ سُفْيَانَ الْجَحْدَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَبِهَا وَنِعْمَتْ وَمَنِ اغْتَسَلَ فَالْغُسْلُ أَفْضَلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَعَائِشَةَ وَأَنَسٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ سَمُرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدَبٍ وَرَوَاهُ بَعْضُهُمْ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُرْسَلٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَنْ بَعْدَهُمُ اخْتَارُوا الْغُسْلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَرَأَوْا أَنْ يُجْزِئَ الْوُضُوءُ مِنَ الْغُسْلِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَمِمَّا يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ أَمْرَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالْغُسْلِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ أَنَّهُ عَلَى الاِخْتِيَارِ لاَ عَلَى الْوُجُوبِ حَدِيثُ عُمَرَ حَيْثُ قَالَ لِعُثْمَانَ وَالْوُضُوءَ أَيْضًا وَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَ بِالْغُسْلِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ فَلَوْ عَلِمَا أَنَّ أَمْرَهُ عَلَى الْوُجُوبِ لاَ عَلَى الاِخْتِيَارِ لَمْ يَتْرُكْ عُمَرُ عُثْمَانَ حَتَّى يَرُدَّهُ وَيَقُولَ لَهُ ارْجِعْ فَاغْتَسِلْ وَلَمَا خَفِيَ عَلَى عُثْمَانَ ذَلِكَ مَعَ عِلْمِهِ وَلَكِنْ دَلَّ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ أَنَّ الْغُسْلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِيهِ فَضْلٌ مِنْ غَيْرِ وُجُوبٍ يَجِبُ عَلَى الْمَرْءِ فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 11

حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْجُمُعَةَ فَدَنَا وَاسْتَمَعَ وَأَنْصَتَ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَزِيَادَةُ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَنْ مَسَّ الْحَصَى فَقَدْ لَغَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Abu Hurair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever performs Wudu, performing his Wudu well, then he comes to the Friday (prayer), and he gets close, listens and is silent, then whatever (sin) was between that and (the last) Friday are forgiven for him, in addition to three days. And whoever touches the pebbles, he has committed Lagha (useless activity).'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (6)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي التَّبْكِيرِ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about going early to the Friday Prayer
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 12
 
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مُوسَى الأَنْصَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ سُمَىٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنِ اغْتَسَلَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ غُسْلَ الْجَنَابَةِ ثُمَّ رَاحَ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَدَنَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَقَرَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الثَّالِثَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ كَبْشًا أَقْرَنَ وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الرَّابِعَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ دَجَاجَةً وَمَنْ رَاحَ فِي السَّاعَةِ الْخَامِسَةِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَرَّبَ بَيْضَةً فَإِذَا خَرَجَ الإِمَامُ حَضَرَتِ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الذِّكْرَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو وَسَمُرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday - the Ghusl for Janabah - then he goes, he is like one who gave a camel in charity. Whoever goes in the second hour then he is like one who gave a cow in charity. Whoever goes in the third hour then he is like the one who have a ram in charity. Whoever goes in the fourth hour then he is like the one who gave a chicken in charity. Whoever goes in the fifth hour, then he is like one who gave an egg in charity. When the Imam comes out, the angels are present listening to the remembrance.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abdullah bin Amr and Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  

 

CHAPTER (7)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي تَرْكِ الْجُمُعَةِ مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ
What has been related about neglecting the Friday prayer without an excuse
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 13
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ خَشْرَمٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ عَبِيدَةَ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ يَعْنِي الضَّمْرِيَّ، وَكَانَتْ، لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ فِيمَا زَعَمَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَرَكَ الْجُمُعَةَ ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ تَهَاوُنًا بِهَا طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَسَمُرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَسَأَلْتُ مُحَمَّدًا عَنِ اسْمِ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ الضَّمْرِيِّ فَلَمْ يَعْرِفِ اسْمَهُ وَقَالَ لاَ أَعْرِفُ لَهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلاَّ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَلاَ نَعْرِفُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏
 
Abu Al-Ja'd (Ad-Damri) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated, and he was a Companion according to the claim of Muhammad bin Amr : the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever neglects the Friday prayer three times (in a row) without an excuse, then Allah sets a seal upon his heart.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Umar, Ibn Abbas and Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Abu Al-Jad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  He said, I asked Muhammad about Abu Al-Jad Ad-damri's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) name, but he did not know his name and he said, nothing is known from him from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) except this Hadith.  Imam Tirmidhi said, and we do not know of this Hadith except as a narration of Muhammad bin Amr.   
 
 

CHAPTER (8)

باب مَا جَاءَ مِنْ كَمْ تُؤْتَى الْجُمُعَةُ
What has been related about how much distance one should cover to go to the Friday prayer
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 14
 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَدُّويَهْ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ دُكَيْنٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ ثُوَيْرٍ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ أَهْلِ قُبَاءَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، وَكَانَ، مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم - قَالَ أَمَرَنَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ نَشْهَدَ الْجُمُعَةَ مِنْ قُبَاءَ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي هَذَا وَلاَ يَصِحُّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ وَلاَ يَصِحُّ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَيْءٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْجُمُعَةُ عَلَى مَنْ آوَاهُ اللَّيْلُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ إِسْنَادُهُ ضَعِيفٌ إِنَّمَا يُرْوَى مِنْ حَدِيثِ مُعَارِكِ بْنِ عَبَّادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ ‏.‏ وَضَعَّفَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْقَطَّانُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيَّ فِي الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَاخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ عَلَى مَنْ تَجِبُ الْجُمُعَةُ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ تَجِبُ الْجُمُعَةُ عَلَى مَنْ آوَاهُ اللَّيْلُ إِلَى مَنْزِلِهِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ لاَ تَجِبُ الْجُمُعَةُ إِلاَّ عَلَى مَنْ سَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الشَّافِعِيِّ وَأَحْمَدَ وَإِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏  سَمِعْتُ أَحْمَدَ بْنَ الْحَسَنِ، يَقُولُ كُنَّا عِنْدَ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ فَذَكَرُوا عَلَى مَنْ تَجِبُ الْجُمُعَةُ فَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ أَحْمَدُ فِيهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَيْئًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ فَقُلْتُ لأَحْمَدَ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ فِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُلْتُ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ نُصَيْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَارِكُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْجُمُعَةُ عَلَى مَنْ آوَاهُ اللَّيْلُ إِلَى أَهْلِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَغَضِبَ عَلَىَّ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ وَقَالَ لِي اسْتَغْفِرْ رَبَّكَ اسْتَغْفِرْ رَبَّكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى إِنَّمَا فَعَلَ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ هَذَا لأَنَّهُ لَمْ يَعُدَّ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ شَيْئًا وَضَعَّفَهُ لِحَالِ إِسْنَادِهِ ‏.‏
 
Thuwair narrated from a man among the people of Quba, from his father, who was one of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), that : he said : 'The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered us to attend the Friday prayer in Quba.'
 
Something has been reported from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on this but it is not correct.  Imam Tirmidhi said, we do not know of this Hadith except through this route and there is nothing correct on this topic from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  It has been related from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : the Friday prayer is required from whomever can return to his family by the night.  The chain for this Hadith is weak, it has only been reported as a narration of Mu'arik bin Abbad from Abdullah bin Sa'id Al-Muqburi,  and Yahya bin Sa'id Al-Qattan graded Abdullah bin Sa'id Al-Maqburi's Ahadith weak.  He said the people of knowledge differ over,  upon whom is the Friday prayer obligatory?  Some of them say that it is obligatory upon whoever can return to is home by the night.  Some of them say that the Friday prayer is not obligatory except upon one who can hear the call.  This is the saying of Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq. Imam Tirmidhi said,   I heard Ahmad bin Husain saying : "We were with Ahmad bin Hanbal, so they mentioned the one upon whom the Friday prayer is obligatory. Ahmad did not mention anything about it from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)." Ahmad bin Al-Hasan said : 'I said to Ahmad bin Hanbal : 'There is something about it from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' So Ahmad bin Hanbal said : 'From the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)?' I said : 'Yes.' (Ahmed bin Hanbal said) : "Hajjaj bin Nusair narrated to us; Mubarik bin Abbad narrated to us from Abdullah bin Sa'eed Al-Maqburi, from his father, from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "The Friday prayer is required from whomever can return to his family by the night.' He said : So Ahmad (bin Hanbal) became angry with me, and he said to me : 'Seek forgiveness from your Lord, seek forgiveness from your Lord.' Imam Tirmidhi said Ahmad bin Hanbal only did that because he did not consider this Hadith to be anything and he thought that it was weak due to the conditions of its chain.     
 
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي وَقْتِ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about the time for the Friday prayer
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 15
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُرَيْجُ بْنُ النُّعْمَانِ، حَدَّثَنَا فُلَيْحُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ التَّيْمِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي الْجُمُعَةَ حِينَ تَمِيلُ الشَّمْسُ ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray the Friday prayer when the sun was declining.'
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 16
 
 
There is another chain from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for a similar Hadith.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Salamah bin Al-Akwa, Jabir and Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is what is agreed upon by most of the people of knowledge; that the time for the Friday prayer is when the sun passes the meridian, like the time for Az-Zuhr.  This is the saying of Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  Some of them held the view that if the Friday prayer was performed before the sun passed the meridian then it was also allowed.  Ahmad said that he did not think one had to repeat it if he prayed it before the sun passed the meridian. 
 
 

CHAPTER (10)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْخُطْبَةِ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ
What has been related about the Khutbah on the Minbar
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 17
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَفْصٍ، عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْفَلاَّسُ الصَّيْرَفِيُّ حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، وَيَحْيَى بْنُ كَثِيرٍ أَبُو غَسَّانَ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَخْطُبُ إِلَى جِذْعٍ فَلَمَّا اتَّخَذَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمِنْبَرَ حَنَّ الْجِذْعُ حَتَّى أَتَاهُ فَالْتَزَمَهُ فَسَكَنَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَجَابِرٍ وَسَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَأُبَىِّ بْنِ كَعْبٍ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَأُمِّ سَلَمَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ غَرِيبٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَمُعَاذُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ هُوَ بَصْرِيٌّ وَهُوَ أَخُو أَبِي عَمْرِو بْنِ الْعَلاَءِ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would give the Khutbah next to the trunk of a date palm. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began using the Minbar the trunk cried out for him until he came to it and held it, so it became quiet.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Anas, Jabir, Sahl bin Sa'd, Ubayy bin Ka'b, Ibn Abbas and Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Gharib Sahih Hadith.  Muadh bin Al-Ala is from Al-Basrah and he is the brother of Abu Amr bin Al-Ala. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْجُلُوسِ بَيْنَ الْخُطْبَتَيْنِ
What has been related about sitting between two Khutbah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 18
 
حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ الْبَصْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ثُمَّ يَجْلِسُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيَخْطُبُ قَالَ مِثْلَ مَا تَفْعَلُونَ الْيَوْمَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ الَّذِي رَآهُ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يَفْصِلَ بَيْنَ الْخُطْبَتَيْنِ بِجُلُوسٍ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated  that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would give a Khutbah on Friday, then sit, then stand and give (another) Khutbah.' He said : 'Similar to what they do today.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas, Jabir bin Abdullah and Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith and it is the view of the people of knowledge that the two Khutbah are to be separated by sitting. 
 
 

CHAPTER (12)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي قَصْدِ الْخُطْبَةِ
What has been related about curtailing the Khutah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 19
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، وَهَنَّادٌ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أُصَلِّي مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَكَانَتْ صَلاَتُهُ قَصْدًا وَخُطْبَتُهُ قَصْدًا ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ يَاسِرٍ وَابْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he  prayed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and his (the Prophet's ﷺ) prayer was moderate, and his Khutbah was moderate.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ammar bin Yasir and Ibn Abi Awfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما). Imam Tirmidhi said, the Hadith of Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (13)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ
What has been related about the recitation on the Minbar
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 20
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ يَعْلَى بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ ‏(‏ونَادَوُا يَا مَالِكُ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَجَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ يَعْلَى بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ غَرِيبٌ وَهُوَ حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ ‏.‏ وَقَدِ اخْتَارَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ أَنْ يَقْرَأَ الإِمَامُ فِي الْخُطْبَةِ آيًا مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَإِذَا خَطَبَ الإِمَامُ فَلَمْ يَقْرَأْ فِي خُطْبَتِهِ شَيْئًا مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ أَعَادَ الْخُطْبَةَ ‏.‏
 
Safwan bin Ya'la bin Umayyah narrated from his father who said : 'I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting, when on the Minbar : And they (the disbelievers) will cry -  ‏ونَادَوُا يَا مَالِكُ [O Malik (keeper of Hell)] (Az-Zukhruf - 77). 
 
There are narrations on this topic from Abu Hurairah and Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ya'la bin Umayyah is a Hasan Gharib Sahih Hadith and it is a narration of Sufyan bin Uyainah.  There are those among the people of knowledge who prefer that the Imam recite an Ayah of the Quran during the Khutbah.  Shafii said, when the Imam gives a Khutbah in which he does not recite anything from the Quran, the Khutbah is to be repeated.
 
 

CHAPTER (14)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي اسْتِقْبَالِ الإِمَامِ إِذَا خَطَبَ
What has been related about the direction the Imam faces when delivering the Khutbah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 21
حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّادُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الْكُوفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا اسْتَوَى عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ اسْتَقْبَلْنَاهُ بِوُجُوهِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ وَحَدِيثُ مَنْصُورٍ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ ‏.‏ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ ضَعِيفٌ ذَاهِبُ الْحَدِيثِ عِنْدَ أَصْحَابِنَا ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ يَسْتَحِبُّونَ اسْتِقْبَالَ الإِمَامِ إِذَا خَطَبَ ‏.‏ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ وَالشَّافِعِيِّ وَأَحْمَدَ وَإِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَلاَ يَصِحُّ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَيْءٌ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) descend the Minbar,  he would face our direction.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said there is a narration about this from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  We do not know the Hadith of Mansur except as a narration of Muhammad bin Al-Fadl bin Atiyyah and Muhammad bin Al-Fadl bin Atiyyah is weak.  Our companions regarded his Ahadith as rejected.  This Hadith is acted upon according the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others, they consider it recommended for the Imam to face the people when delivering the Khutbah.  This is the opinion of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  Imam Tirmidhi said there is nothing correct reported from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on this topic.  
 
 

CHAPTER (15)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ إِذَا جَاءَ الرَّجُلُ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ
What has been related about two raka when one arrives while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 22
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ بَيْنَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَخْطُبُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِذْ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَصَلَّيْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ قُمْ فَارْكَعْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ أَصَحُّ شَيْءٍ فِي هَذَا الْبَابِ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Abdullah narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was delivering Khutbah on Friday when a man came. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Have you prayed?' He said no. So he said : 'Then stand and pray.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. It is the most correct thing about this topic.
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 23
 
 
Iyad bin Abdullah bin Abi Sarh narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) entered (the mosque) on Friday while Marwan was giving the Khutbah, so he began praying. Two guards came to make him sit down but he refused until he had prayed. When he finished he came to us and we said : 'May Allah have mercy upon you. They nearly harmed you.' He said : 'I was not going to stop praying after what I saw from Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then he mentioned that a man who appeared untidy came on Friday while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was delivering the Friday Khutbah, so he ordered him to pray two Rak'ah all the while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was delivering the Khutbah."
 
Ibn Abi Umar said (Sufyan) bin Uyaina would pray two raka when he came and the Imam was giving the Khutbah and he would order that and Abdur Rahman Al-Muqria held that view.  Imam Tirmidhi said I heard Ibn Abi Umar saying, Sufyan bin Uyaina said Muhammad bin Ajlan was trustworthy in Hadith.   He said there are narrations on this topic from Jabir, Abu Huraira and Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  This is acted upon according to some of the people of knowledge. It is the view of  Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq.  Some of them said that when one enters and the Imam is delivering the Khutbah then he is to sit and not pray.  This is the saying of Sufyan Ath-Thawri and the people of Kufa but the first view is more correct.  Qutaibah narrated that Al-Ala bin Khalid Al-Qurashi narrated that he saw Al-Hasan Al-Basri entered the Mosque on Friday while the Imam was delivering the Khutbah and he prayed two raka then sat.  Al-Hasan only did that to follow the Hadith and he reported this Hadith from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 

CHAPTER (16)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ الْكَلاَمِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ
What has been related about if being disliked to talk while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 24
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ أَنْصِتْ فَقَدْ لَغَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى وَجَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ كَرِهُوا لِلرَّجُلِ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمَ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ وَقَالُوا إِنْ تَكَلَّمَ غَيْرُهُ فَلاَ يُنْكِرْ عَلَيْهِ إِلاَّ بِالإِشَارَةِ ‏.‏ وَاخْتَلَفُوا فِي رَدِّ السَّلاَمِ وَتَشْمِيتِ الْعَاطِسِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ فَرَخَّصَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ فِي رَدِّ السَّلاَمِ وَتَشْمِيتِ الْعَاطِسِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ أَحْمَدَ وَإِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏ وَكَرِهَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنَ التَّابِعِينَ وَغَيْرِهِمْ ذَلِكَ وَهُوَ قَوْلُ الشَّافِعِيِّ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever said 'be quiet' while the Imam is giving the Khutbah then he has committed Laghw (useless activity).'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abi Awfa and Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It is acted upon according to the people of knowledge.  They dislike a man talking while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah.  They say that if someone else talks he is not to censure him except by gesturing. They differ over returning the Salam and replying to the one who sneezes (while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah).  Some of the people of knowledge allowed returning the Salam and replying to the one who sneezed while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah.  This is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq.  Some of the people of knowledge amng the Tabi'een and others disliked it, and this is the view of Ash-Shafii.   
 
 

CHAPTER (17)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ التَّخَطِّي يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about dislike to step over (the necks of others) on Friday
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 25
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كُرَيْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا رِشْدِينُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ زَبَّانَ بْنِ فَائِدٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَخَطَّى رِقَابَ النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ اتَّخَذَ جِسْرًا إِلَى جَهَنَّمَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ سَهْلِ بْنِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ الْجُهَنِيِّ حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ رِشْدِينَ بْنِ سَعْدٍ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَيْهِ عِنْدَ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ كَرِهُوا أَنْ يَتَخَطَّى الرَّجُلُ رِقَابَ النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَشَدَّدُوا فِي ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ تَكَلَّمَ بَعْضُ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ فِي رِشْدِينَ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَضَعَّفَهُ مِنْ قِبَلِ حِفْظِهِ ‏.‏
 
Sahl bin Ma'adh bin Anas al Jahni narrated from his father that : Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever steps over the necks of the people on Friday, he has taken a bridge to Hell.'
 
(Imam Tirmidhi said) there is something about this from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  He said the Hadith of Sahl bin Muad bin Anas Juhani is Gharib as we only know it as a narration of Rishdin bin Sa'd.  This is acted upon according to the people of knowledge. They strongly dislike a man stepping over people's necks on Friday.  Some of the people of knowledge have spoken about Rishdin bin Sa'd and considered him weak for his memory.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (18)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ الاِحْتِبَاءِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ
What has been related about Al-Habwah on Friday while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 26
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ الرَّازِيُّ، وَعَبَّاسُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الدُّورِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمُقْرِئُ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو مَرْحُومٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ مُعَاذٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ الْحَبْوَةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى وَهَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ ‏.‏ وَأَبُو مَرْحُومٍ اسْمُهُ عَبْدُ الرَّحِيمِ بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ كَرِهَ قَوْمٌ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ الْحَبْوَةَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ وَرَخَّصَ فِي ذَلِكَ بَعْضُهُمْ مِنْهُمْ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ وَغَيْرُهُ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ أَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ لاَ يَرَيَانِ بِالْحَبْوَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ بَأْسًا ‏.‏
 
Sahl bin Ma'adh narrated from his father : 'The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited Al-Habwah (sitting on one's back, folding both the legs against the stomuch and tying the folded legs with body by a cloth)  on Friday while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan.  Abu Marhum's name is Abdur Rahim bin Maimum.  There are those among the people of knowledge who dislike Al-Habwah on Friday while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah.  Some of them permitted it, among them Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and others, and it is the view of Ahmad and Ishaq.  They did not see any harm in Al-Habwah while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah.  
 
 
 

CHAPTER (19)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي كَرَاهِيَةِ رَفْعِ الأَيْدِي عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ
What has been related about it is disliked to raise the hands on the Minbar
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 27
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا حُصَيْنٌ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عُمَارَةَ بْنَ، رُوَيْبَةَ الثَّقَفِيَّ، وَبِشْرُ بْنُ مَرْوَانَ، يَخْطُبُ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ فِي الدُّعَاءِ فَقَالَ عُمَارَةُ قَبَّحَ اللَّهُ هَاتَيْنِ الْيُدَيَّتَيْنِ الْقُصَيِّرَتَيْنِ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَا يَزِيدُ عَلَى أَنْ يَقُولَ هَكَذَا وَأَشَارَ هُشَيْمٌ بِالسَّبَّابَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Husain narrated that he heard Umarah bin Rawaibah Ath-Thaqafi while Bishr bin Marwan was delivering Khutbah and raising his hands in supplication - so Umarah said : 'May Allah disgrace these two insignificant hands, I have seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he would not do any more than this'  and Hushaim (one of the narrators) motioned with his index finger.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasah Sahih. 
 
 

CHAPTER (20)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي أَذَانِ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about the Adhan for the Friday prayer
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 28
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الْخَيَّاطُ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنِ السَّائِبِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، قَالَ كَانَ الأَذَانُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ إِذَا خَرَجَ الإِمَامُ وَإِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ عُثْمَانُ رضى الله عنه زَادَ النِّدَاءَ الثَّالِثَ عَلَى الزَّوْرَاءِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
As-Sa'ib bin Yazid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Adhan during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr, and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) was when the Imam came out, (and when) the Iqamah was called for the Salah. Then Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) added a third call at Az-Zawra.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasah Sahih.  
 
 

CHAPTER (21)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْكَلاَمِ بَعْدَ نُزُولِ الإِمَامِ مِنَ الْمِنْبَرِ
What has been related about talking after the Imam descends from the Minbar
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 29
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُكَلَّمُ بِالْحَاجَةِ إِذَا نَزَلَ عَنِ الْمِنْبَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ حَدِيثِ جَرِيرِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَسَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدًا يَقُولُ وَهِمَ جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَالصَّحِيحُ مَا رُوِيَ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَأَخَذَ رَجُلٌ بِيَدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَمَا زَالَ يُكَلِّمُهُ حَتَّى نَعَسَ بَعْضُ الْقَوْمِ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَالْحَدِيثُ هُوَ هَذَا ‏.‏ وَجَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ رُبَّمَا يَهِمُ فِي الشَّىْءِ وَهُوَ صَدُوقٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَهِمَ جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ فِي حَدِيثِ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلاَ تَقُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ وَيُرْوَى عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ ثَابِتٍ الْبُنَانِيِّ فَحَدَّثَ حَجَّاجٌ الصَّوَّافُ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلاَ تَقُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَوَهِمَ جَرِيرٌ فَظَنَّ أَنَّ ثَابِتًا حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would talk as necessary after descending from the Minbar.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said we only know this Hadith from the narration of Jarir bin Hazim.  I heard Muhammad Saying, Jarir bin Hazim was confused in this Hadith.  What is correct is what is reported from Thabit from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who said that the Iqama was called for the Salah and a man took the hand of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he did not stop talking to him until some people became sleepy.  Muhammad said, this is his Hadith. Sometimes Jarir bin Hazim is confused about things but he is truthful.  Muhammad said, Jarir bin Hazim was confused in the Hadith of Thabit from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who said, 'when the Iqama is called for Salah, then do not stand until you see me'.  Muhammad said, it has been reported from Hammad bin Zaid that he said, we were with Thabit Al-Bunani, when Hajjaj As-Sawwaf narrated to us from Yahya bin Abi Khatir from Abdullah bin Abi Qatadah from his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'when the Iqamah is called for Salah, then do not stand until you see me.  So jarir was confused and thought that Thabit had narrated it to them from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 30
 
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), after the Iqama was called for Salah, talking to a man who was standing between him and the Qibla, he did not stop talking, and I saw some of them getting sleepy from his lengthy standing talk with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasah Sahih.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (22)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْقِرَاءَةِ فِي صَلاَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about the recitation during the Friday prayer
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 31
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا حَاتِمُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، مَوْلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ اسْتَخْلَفَ مَرْوَانُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ عَلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَخَرَجَ إِلَى مَكَّةَ فَصَلَّى بِنَا أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَفِي السَّجْدَةِ الثَّانِيَةِ‏:‏ ‏(‏ِإذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ ‏)‏ قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ فَأَدْرَكْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ تَقْرَأُ بِسُورَتَيْنِ كَانَ عَلِيٌّ يَقْرَأُ بِهِمَا بِالْكُوفَةِ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ إِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ بِهِمَا ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَالنُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ وَأَبِي عِنَبَةَ الْخَوْلاَنِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَرُوِيَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي صَلاَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ بِـ ‏(‏ سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏)‏ وَ ‏(‏هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ أَبِي رَافِعٍ كَاتِبُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ‏.‏
 
Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the freed slave of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Marwan left Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in charge of Madinah and he went to Makkah. So Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in Salah on Friday, reciting Surah Al-Jumuah (in the first Rak'ah) and in the second prostration (Rak'a) - إذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ [ When the hypocrites come to you.] (Al-Munafiqoon) Ubaidullah said : 'So I caught up with Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and told him : 'You recited two Surah that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) recited in Kufah. Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Indeed I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting them.'
 
There are narrations on this topic from Ibn Abbas, An-Numan bin Bashir and Abu Inabah al-Khawlani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  It has been reported that for Friday prayer, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recite -   سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [Glorify the name of your Lord, the most High ] (Al-Ala) and  هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ  [Has there come to you the narration of the Overwhelming] (Al-Ghashiyah). Ubaidullah bin Abi Rafi was a Scribe for Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  
 
 

CHAPTER (23)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَا يَقْرَأُ بِهِ فِي صَلاَةِ الصُّبْحِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about what is recited in the Fajr prayer on Friday
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 32
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ مُخَوَّلِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ مُسْلِمٍ الْبَطِينِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ * ‏(‏تَنْزِيلُ ‏)‏ السَّجْدَةَ وَ ‏(‏هَلْ أَتَى عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ ‏)‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ سَعْدٍ وَابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ وَأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَشُعْبَةُ وَغَيْرُ وَاحِدٍ عَنْ مُخَوَّلٍ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that for the Fajr prayer on Friday, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recite : Alif Lam Mem (which is) revealed in (Sura) As-Sajdah, and -  هَلْ أَتَى عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ  [Has there not been over man] (Al-Insaan).
 
There are narrations on this topic from Sa'd, Ibn Masud and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is Hasan Sahih Hadith.  Sufyan Ath-Thawri, (Shubah) and others reported it from Mukhawwal.  
 
 

CHAPTER (24)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ قَبْلَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَبَعْدَهَا
What has been related about Salah before the Friday prayer and after
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 33
 
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ ابْنِ عُمَرَ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ أَيْضًا ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ بَعْضِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ الشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ ‏.‏
 
Salim narrated from his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two Rak'a after the Friday prayer.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith.  There is something on this topic from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  It has been reported from Nafi from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as well.  This is acted upon according to some of the people of knowledge and it is the view of Shafii and Ahmad.  
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 34
Nafi narrated that when Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) prayed the Friday prayer, he left and prayed two Rak'a in his house. Then he said 'the Apostlel of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do it. 
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. 
 
 
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 35
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever among you is to pray after the Friday prayer, then let him pray four.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  Al-Hasan bin Ali narrated to us; Ali bin Al-Madini narrated to us from Sufyan bin Uyainah who said : We considered Suhail bin Abi Salih (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) is trustworthy in the Ahadith.  Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan.  This is acted upon according to some of the people of knowledge.  It has been related that Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would pray four raka before the Friday prayer and four after it.  And it has been related that Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) ordered that two raka and then four be prayed after the Friday prayer.  Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Ibn Al-Mubarak followed the view of Ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Ishaq said, if he prayes in the mosque on Friday then he prays four and if the prays in his house then he prays two.  He argued that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two raka in his house after the Friday prayer and he used  the Hadith : 'whoever among you wants to observe (supererogatory prayer) after the Friday prayer, then let him pray four raka.  Imam Tirmidhi said, Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is the one who reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would pray two raka after the Friday prayer in his house.  Following the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would pray two raka in the mosque after the Friday prayer and he would pray four after the two raka.  This has been narrated to by Ibn Abi Umar.  Sufyan (bin Uyaina) narrated to us from Ibn Juraij, from Ata who said, I saw Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) praying two raka after the Friday prayer then he prayed four after that.  Sa'id bin Abdur Rahman Al-Makhzumi narrated to us that Sufyan bin Uyaina narrated to us from Amr bin Dinar who said that he has not seen anyone more concerned about Ahadith than Az-Zuhri and he has not seen anyone to whom Dinar and Dirhan were more insignificant than him.  If he had any Dinar or Dirham, they only held the status of dung to him.  Imam Tirmidhi said, he heard (Ibn) Abi Umar saying, he heard Sufyan bin Uyaina saying, Amr bin Dinar was older than Az-Zuhri.   
 
 
 

CHAPTER (25)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ أَدْرَكَ مِنَ الْجُمُعَةِ رَكْعَةً
What has been related about one who catches one raka of the Friday Prayer
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 36
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، وَغَيْرُ، وَاحِدٍ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَدْرَكَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ رَكْعَةً فَقَدْ أَدْرَكَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏ وَالْعَمَلُ عَلَى هَذَا عِنْدَ أَكْثَرِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَغَيْرِهِمْ قَالُوا مَنْ أَدْرَكَ رَكْعَةً مِنَ الْجُمُعَةِ صَلَّى إِلَيْهَا أُخْرَى وَمَنْ أَدْرَكَهُمْ جُلُوسًا صَلَّى أَرْبَعًا ‏.‏ وَبِهِ يَقُولُ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ وَالشَّافِعِيُّ وَأَحْمَدُ وَإِسْحَاقُ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever catches a Rak'a of the Salah then he has caught (complete) Salah.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih.  This is acted upon according to most of the people of knowledge among the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and others.  They say that whoever cataches a raka of the Friday prayer, he prays the other one and whoever catches them while they are sitting, then he prays four.  This is the view of Sufyan Ath-Thawri, Ibn Al-Mubarak, Ash-Shafii, Ahmad and Ishaq. 
 
 

CHAPTER (26)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْقَائِلَةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about having siesta on Friday
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 37

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، رضى الله عنه قَالَ مَا كُنَّا نَتَغَدَّى فِي عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلاَ نَقِيلُ إِلاَّ بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ رضى الله عنه ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that they would not have lunch during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) or would we have a siesta, until after the Friday prayer.
 
There are narrations on this topic from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Sahih Hadith. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (27)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِيمَنْ نَعَسَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ أَنَّهُ يَتَحَوَّلُ مِنْ مَجْلِسِهِ
What has been related about the one who feels sleepy during the Friday prayer and that he should change his place
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 38
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الأَشَجُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدَةُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، وَأَبُو خَالِدٍ الأَحْمَرُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا نَعَسَ أَحَدُكُمْ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَلْيَتَحَوَّلْ مِنْ مَجْلِسِهِ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ حَسَنٌ صَحِيحٌ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When one of you becomes sleepy during the Friday prayer, let him move from where he is sitting.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Hasan Sahih. 
 
 

CHAPTER (28)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّفَرِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about traveling on Friday
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 39

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الْحَجَّاجِ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ مِقْسَمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ بَعَثَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ رَوَاحَةَ فِي سَرِيَّةٍ فَوَافَقَ ذَلِكَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَغَدَا أَصْحَابُهُ فَقَالَ أَتَخَلَّفُ فَأُصَلِّي مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ أَلْحَقُهُمْ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَآهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَغْدُوَ مَعَ أَصْحَابِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَرَدْتُ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ مَعَكَ ثُمَّ أَلْحَقَهُمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ لَوْ أَنْفَقْتَ مَا فِي الأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا مَا أَدْرَكْتَ فَضْلَ غَدْوَتِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى هَذَا حَدِيثٌ غَرِيبٌ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمَدِينِيِّ قَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ لَمْ يَسْمَعِ الْحَكَمُ مِنْ مِقْسَمٍ إِلاَّ خَمْسَةَ أَحَادِيثَ ‏.‏ وَعَدَّهَا شُعْبَةُ وَلَيْسَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ فِيمَا عَدَّ شُعْبَةُ فَكَأَنَّ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ لَمْ يَسْمَعْهُ الْحَكَمُ مِنْ مِقْسَمٍ ‏.‏ وَقَدِ اخْتَلَفَ أَهْلُ الْعِلْمِ فِي السَّفَرِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَلَمْ يَرَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَأْسًا بِأَنْ يَخْرُجَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي السَّفَرِ مَا لَمْ تَحْضُرِ الصَّلاَةُ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ إِذَا أَصْبَحَ فَلاَ يَخْرُجْ حَتَّى يُصَلِّيَ الْجُمُعَةَ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent Abdullah bin Rawaha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead a military detachment, and that corresponded to a Friday.  So his companions left early in the day, and he said : 'I will remain behind to pray with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then meet up with them.' When he prayed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), he saw him and said : 'What prevented you from leaving earlier with your companions?' He said : 'I wanted to pray with you then meet up with them.' He said : 'If you have spent (all of) what is in the earth, you would not have achieved the virtue you have had you left early in the day with them.'
 
Imam Tirmidhi said this Hadith is Gharib as we do not know of it except from this route.  Ali bin Al-Madini said, Yahya bin Sa'id said, Shubah said, Al-Hakim bin Miqsan heard no more than five Ahadith and Shubah enumerated them and this Hadith is not among those enumerated by Shubah.  It is as if Al-Hakam bin Miqsam did not hear this Hadith. The people of knowledge differ over traveling on Friday.  Some of them did not see any harm in leaving on Friday for a journey without attending the prayer.  Some of them said that if it is the morning, then he does not leave until he prays the Friday prayer.
 
 

CHAPTER (29)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السِّوَاكِ وَالطِّيبِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ
What has been related about Siwak and perfurme on Friday
Jami at-Tirmidhi, Vol 1,  Bk 4,  Hadith # 40
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْكُوفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو يَحْيَى، إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيُّ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي زِيَادٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ حَقٌّ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِينَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلُوا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَلْيَمَسَّ أَحَدُهُمْ مِنْ طِيبِ أَهْلِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَالْمَاءُ لَهُ طِيبٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ وَشَيْخٍ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ ‏.‏
 
There is another route for the same chain similar in meaning.
 
Imam Tirmidhi said the Hadith of Al-Bara' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is a Hasan Hadith.  The narration of Hushaim (a narrator in the chain of this Hadith) is better than the narration of Ismail bin Ibrahim At-Taymi (Hadith # 41).  Ismail bin Ibrahim At-Taymi is weak in Ahadith.