MUAWIYA BIN ABU SUFYAN (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين
Muawiya Ibn Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been a subject of debate among Muslims for about 1400 years. He is praised by some people and condemned by others. Also there are differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah Ulema about him.
During his rule as Governor of Syria and later as Head of State, over one hundred thousand Sahabah and Taba'in were killed as a result of wars between him and Khulafa-e-Rashideen. In 661, after the assassination of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and abdication of Caliphate by Hadhrat Hassan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) declared himself as Caliph in an impressive ceremony conducted by him for this purpose in Damascus. He was 60 years old then.
It is part of our belief that respect of all Sahabah is of paramount importance. Abusing/cursing of Sahabah, as done by Shias, is not allowed in Islam. At the same time it is important to know the facts about Islamic History, particularly the events during 632-80 AD, so that we remain on the right path of Islam. If you are not aware of these facts, there is a possibility that you will form extreme opinions about Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, as done by Wahhabi, Deobandis, Muawiyeen and their like minded groups.Status and ranks among Sahabah is an established fact from Quran and Sunnah; therefore, we should look for the perfect model of conduct of Sahabah and try to emulate it in our lives. It is consensus of Ahle Sunnah Ulema that the model of conduct of Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, including Imam Hassan and Iman Hussain (رضئ الله تعالى عنهم) should be emulated by all Muslims.The book is aimed at clearing the misunderstanding of people on historical issues. We have described historical facts, as contained in authentic History books/Islamic literature, Quranic verses and Ahadith. Ahle Sunnah scholars' opinions have been cited wherever required. We have refrained, as far as possible, from expressing our personal opinion all through this book.
We have discussed about the differences of opinions among people and Ahl Sunnah Ulema about Muawiya's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) role as Governor of Syria Province during the Rashidun Caliphate.
We have discussed about the differences of opinions of people about Muawiya's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Reign as Head of State, after he deposed Rashidun Caliphs.
We have discussed about the role of certain people who were instrumental in helping Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) in deposing Rashidun Caliphate.
We have discussed in detail the role of Yazid bin Muawiya in killing Ahle Bait-e-At-har and Sahabah. Yazid bin Muawiya has some admirers as well. Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups admire Yazid, call him Amir-ul-Momineen and write 'Radiallahu unhu' ( رضي الله تعالى عنه ) with his name.
We have discussed about the beliefs of a Sect known as Muawiyeen. Muawiyeen are the followers of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه).
Muawiyeen claim that Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) was Khalifa-e-Rashid and Ameer-ul-Momineen. They equate him with Khulafa-e-Rashideen. Muawiyeen follow a doctrine known as Muawism, in which they single out Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for over-praise. They write books, encomiums, conduct seminars, take out processions raising slogans, and sing his praise to an extent of his worship. They identify themselves as slaves of the slaves of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
We hope our readers will benefit from the historical facts contained in these book.