CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

MUAWIYA BIN ABU SUFYAN (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

 

VOLUME (5)

 

 MUAWIYA'S (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) FOLLOWERS

 

Written   By

 

Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri
 

 

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INTRODUCTION 

  

بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم  

 الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

 

Muawiya Ibn Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has been a subject of debate among Muslims for about 1400 years. He is praised by some people and condemned by others. Also there are differences of opinion among Ahle Sunnah Ulema about him.

During his rule as Governor of Syria and later as Head of State, over one hundred thousand Sahabah and Taba'in were killed as a result of  wars between him and Khulafa-e-Rashideen. 

In 661, after the assassination of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and abdication of Caliphate by Hadhrat Hassan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) declared himself as Caliph in an impressive ceremony conducted by him for this purpose in Damascus.  He was 60 years old then.

It is part of our belief that respect of all Sahabah is important. Abusing/cursing of Sahabah, as done by Shias, is not allowed in Islam. At the same time it is important to know the facts about Islamic History, particularly the events during 632-80 AD, so that we remain on the right path of Islam.  If you are not aware of these facts, there is a possibility that you will form extreme opinions about Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, as done by Wahhabi, Deobandis, Muawiyeen and their like minded groups. 

Status and ranks among Sahabah is an established fact from Quran and Sunnah; therefore, we should look for the perfect model of conduct of Sahabah and try to emulate it in our lives.  It is consensus of Ahle Sunnah Ulema that the  model of conduct of Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Ahle Bait-e-At Haar, including Imam Hassan and Iman Hussain (رضئ الله تعالى عنهم) should be emulated by all Muslims.
 
The book is aimed at clearing the misunderstanding of people on historical issues. Historical facts, as contained in authentic History books/Islamic literature, Quranic verses and Ahadith have been described in the book.  Ahle Sunnah scholars' opinions have also been cited wherever required. We have refrained, as far as possible,  from expressing our personal opinion all through this book. 
 
A total of 5 books have been written in this series, as follows.

Volume (1) - Mawiya's  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) role  

We have discussed about the differences of opinions among people and Ahl Sunnah Ulema about Muawiya's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) role as Governor of Syria Province during the Rashidun Caliphate. 

Volume (2) - Muawiya's  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reign

We have discussed about the differences of opinions of people about Muawiya's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Reign as Head of State,  after he deposed Rashidun Caliphs.

Volume (3) - Mawiya's  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) associates

We have discussed about the role of certain people who were instrumental in helping Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) in deposing Rashidun Caliphate. 

Volume (4) - Yazid bin Muawiya 

We have discussed  in detail the role of Yazid bin Muawiya in killing Ahle Bait-e-At-har and Sahabah. Yazid bin Muawiya has some admirers as well.  Salafis, Deobandis and their like minded groups admire Yazid, call him Amir-ul-Momineen and write 'Radiallahu unhu' ( رضي الله تعالى عنه ) with his name.

Volume (5) - Muawiya's  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) followers

In volume 5, we have discussed the beliefs of a Sect known as Muawiyeen who are the followers of  Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه). 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Muawiyeen  claim that Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) was Khalifa-e-Rashid and Ameer-ul-Momineen. They equate him with Khulafa-e-Rashideen. Muawiyeen follow a doctrine known as Muawism, in which they single out Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for over-praise.  They write books, encomiums, conduct seminars, take out processions raising slogans,  and sing  his praise to an extent of  his worship. They identify themselves as  slaves of the slaves of  Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

  
We hope our readers will benefit from the historical facts contained in these books.
 

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MUAWIYEEN AND THEIR BELIEFS  

 

Muawiyeen follow a doctrine known as Muawism, in which they single out Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) for over-praise. They identify themselves as  defenders and slaves of the slaves of  Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  In order to justify their strange behavior, they give references from Quran and Ahadith  about generalized praise of Sahabah, and taking it as a cover, they write books, encomiums, conduct seminars, take out processions raising slogans and singing  his praise to an extent of  his worship.

 

There are two groups among Muawiyeen. 

Muawiyeen Group (1)

Salafis, Ikhwan, Deobandis, and their like minded groups claim Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on Haq in his fight with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). They claim that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) should have surrendered to Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه  ) as was done by his son,  Imam Hassan ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). They also claim that  Muawiya's son Yazid was a pious Khalifa.  They add   رضئ الله تعالی عنه with Yazid's name and claim that Imam Hussain ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was at fault.  They also say Karbala was a political episode and claim that the Imam made a mistake by revolting against a just Khalifa. (Astaghfirullahal azeem).


Muawiyeen Group (2)
Majority among Barelwis are at the forefront of this  Group.  They claim that Muawiya's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) mistake in his fight with Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was Ijtehadi and  he will get Thawaab for his fight with Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in spite of the fact that  over one hundred thousand Sahabah, Ta'abaeen and Muslims were put to death because of his wars with Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). They say Hadhrat Ali's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) status is bigger, but choose to celebrate and appreciate Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). 

 
They claim Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) was Khalifa-e-Rashid and Amir-ul-Momineen. They proudly say that they are the defenders and slaves of the slaves of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). 
 
Watch the following video clip.  The followers of Muawiya are singing that they are the slaves of the slaves of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
 
 
Ilyas Attar Qadri, Head of Dawat-e-Islamic Pakistan is seen in the video raising the slogans over-praising Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). His slogans include the slogan that Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is his Rahbar (the one who shows him the right path) and his Rahnuma (leader behind whom he is walking).  He says : "Rahbar wo Rahnuma - Muawiya, Muawiya".  Bay Gunah bay Khata - Muawiya Muawiya "
 
 
 
 
Ilyas Attar Qadri, the Amir of Muawiyeen,  announced that they are building 122 Muawiyan Mosques in India and another 122 Muawiyan mosques in Pakistan. He also asked all his followers to name their children as Muawiya.  Dawat-e-Islami does Niaz and Fateha of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on 22nd of Rajab every year.  
 
 
 
 
 
The following is a video clip of Dawat-e-Islami taking out procession shouting slogans in praise of Muawiya on  22nd Rajab, 1439 AH (April 7, 2018) to celebrate annual Urs of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
 
 
 
Muawiyeen emphasize   greatness of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) among Sahabah and Khulafa-e-Rashideen. They claim Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) is  the Imam of Ahle Bait-e-At-haar (رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين) because Imam Hassan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) signed a peace treaty with him and accepted him as Khalifa.
 
Watch the following video clip. A famous Barelwi Mufti from Pakistan Ashraful Quadri, who was the student of Mufti Ahmed  Yar Khan Na'eemi of Pakistan,  is claiming that there is nothing wrong in conducting Mahafil on 9th and 10th of Muharram for praising Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).   He said  atrocities (Zulm) and injustice has been committed on Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as no one  has written a book in his praise.   He said, even though no praise is available in any book of Ahle Sunnah for Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), still they (Muawiyeen) will praise him and sing his encomiums and conduct Seminars in his honor.   He claimed  that the status of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is extremely, extremely great, even though he is (technically) lower in status from Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) because Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) accepted Islam before the conquest of Makka.   He said all Ahle Sunnah who choose to keep quiet from praising Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) are Tafzeeli Shias.  He means to say  they Muawiyeen are real Ahle Sunnah. (Astaghfirullah). 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) seems  an attempt on the part of Muawiyeen to justify their claim that he is  equal in rank with other Khulafa-e-Rashideen.

 
 
Muawiyeen claim they are lovers, slaves, defenders and flag bearers of Muawiya(رضئ الله تعالی عنه)
 
 

Muawiyeen confuse Muslims from their misleading logic.  They say all Sahabah are respectful and rightly guided.  Based on this logic they claim that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is also rightly guided. Then they argue that since Muawiaya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) is rightly guided, therefore there is no difference between him and rightly guided Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعين ). 

Islamic history is witness that Muslims were misled in the past in the same fashion. There have been some fake Prophets in the past who tried to mislead Muslims.  First they explained to their followers that the meaning of the word "Nabi" is -  'a person who gives information about the unseen'.  Then they said, since they also receive information directly from God, in that sense they can also be regarded as 'Nabi'.  Once their followers accepted this logic, they gradually convinced their followers  that they are the Prophets.  Mirza Ghulam Ahmed Qadiyani and his followers are a glaring example in this context.

Distinction in the status among Sahabah is an established fact from Quran and Sunnah. If you do not keep this distinction in mind, you have strayed, you have lost the right path of Islam.  There is consensus (Ijma) of Ahle Sunnah Ulema about the merits of Sahabah in the following order.   

(i)  Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعین).
 
(ii) The Ten Companions who were promised paradise. (Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood, Ibn Maja).
 
(iii) The Senior Companions  who fought at Badr.
 
(iv) The Companions who gave Bay'at al-Ridwân under the Tree.
 
(v) The Companions who accepted Islam after the fall of Makka. 
 
Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) belongs to the last category. No one in the Islamic History ever claimed that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a Khalifa-e-Rashid As a matter of fact Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) deposed Khulafa-e-Rashideen and became the  founding King of a dynastic rule in Islam.  There is consensus of Muslim Ummah on this issue.   

 

Ulema - e - Muawiyeen  and their followers do not accept the consensus of Islamic Ummah.  They portray Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashed and claim that the period of Khulafa-e-Rashideen was 49 years

 

Read the following Hadith which says that period of Khalifat-e-Rashida will be for 30 years. 

It is in Hadith - Safeena said : The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said: “Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that." Then Safinah said : "count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),' then count the Khilafah of Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and the Khilafah of Uthman ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), and the Khilafah of Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )."  He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years."  Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umayya claim that the Khilafah is among them.' Safeena said : the sons of the blue woman (nick name for Umawi Grandmother) are liars; they are  Kings of the worst kind". (Abu Dawood 4646, Jami Tirmidhi 2226.  Salafi Scholar Al-Bani graded it as Saheeh).

 
Muawiyeen cite a reference in 'Ghunia-tut-Talibeen' a book attributed to Ghousul Azam Shaikh Abdul Qader Jeelani (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in which there is mention of a Hadith  which  says that the power of  Islam will continue for up to 35 or 36 or 37 years.
 
This Hadith has been interpreted in the book saying that since Khilafat-e-Rashida ended in 30 years, therefore the additional 7 years period belonged to Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). This way Muawiya's (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) rule/khilafat is established.
 
 
Following facts are presented by some people in this context.  
(a) The book Ghunia-tut-Talibeen has been edited/added by publishers in successive editions/translations.  There are many translations available in the market which were carried out by Deobandis/Muawiyeen and their like minded groups.
See the picture of the Urdu translation of the related  page, and the cover of the book, in which it is  written that the book has been edited and added based on the interpretations and research  (تحقیق و تخریج کے ساتھ اضافہ شدہ ایڈیشن) by the people who are involved in this publication. 
 
When we see Gunniyatut Talibeen translated/edited/published by different people in different languages, we come across these differences as a routine.  This is the reason it is advised that we should read books written/compiled by authentic Ahle Sunnah scholars so that your Iman remains intact.  
 
(b) The Hadith does not specify that the Caliphate will last for 37 years.  It says that 'power of  Islam will be for 35, 36 or 37 years.

(c)
If we interpret this Hadith to include Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) rule into the Caliphate, then his entire 19 years rule has to be treated that way.  We cannot say that for 7 years he was Caliph and the remaining 12 years he was not a Caliph. 
 
(d) We have an authentic Prophet's ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) Hadith which says that Khalifat-e-Rashida will remain  for 30 years.  

It is in Hadith - Safeena said : The Apostle of Allah ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said: “Khilafah will be in my Ummah for thirty years, then there will be monarchy after that." Then Safinah said : "count the Khilafah of Abu Bakr ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ),' then count the Khilafah of Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and the Khilafah of Uthman ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), and the Khilafah of Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )."  He said: "So we found that they add up to thirty years."  Sa'eed said: "I said to him: 'Banu Umayya claim that the Khilafah is among them.' Safeena said : the sons of the blue woman (nick name for Umawi Grandmother) are liars; they are  Kings of the worst kind". ( Sunan Abu Dawood 4646, Jami Tirmidhi 2226.  Salafi Scholar Al-Bani graded it as Saheeh).

 
(e) If we say Khilafat-e-Rashida was for 37 years, then we will have deny the above authentic Hadith. 
 
(f) How do we reconcile both these Ahadith to understand the facts in this context? 
 
To find the answer to this question, we need to  look at the Islamic History.
 
The Hadith mentioned in Ghuniyatut Talibeen says that the power of  Islam will last for 37 years.  We all know that Muslim kings ruled in the world for centuries.  Then, what is this 37 years which is mentioned in the Hadith? Apparently, this Hadith mentions about the purest Islamic Government/power which will last for 37 years.
 
Everyone knows that the power of  Islam was established towards the end of second Hijri when Muslims won the Battle of Badr in Ramadhan 2 AH (624 AD). This win marked the establishment of real Muslim Power.
 
The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) died in the beginning of 10 Hijri (12 Rabi I, 10 AH).  Meaning he was alive for about 7 years (after Badr) by which time Muslims continued their conquest of the entire Arabian Peninsula.
 
After Prophet Mohammad's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) death,  the Khilafat-e-Rashida (the purest Islamic rule) continued for the following 30 years.
 
Thus the power of (pure) Islam continued for 37 years straight;  first 7 years under Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and the following 30 years under Khulafa-e-Rashideen.
 
Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) deposed the Islamic Caliphate and became ruler of Islamic nation after abdication of Caliphate by Imam Hassan (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  Read more. 
 
What is the status of people who fought in the Battle of Siffeen against  Hadhrat Ali's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) ?  
 
An absolute majority of Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that the people who fought against Khalifa-e-Rashid, Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) were rebels. Prophet  Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prophesied about this rebellion during his life time.  

It is in Hadith - Ibn 'Abbas ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said to me and to his son Ali, "Go to Abu Sa'id ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and listen to what he narrates." So we went and found him in a garden looking after it.  He picked up his Rida', wore it and sat down and started narrating till the topic of the construction of the mosque reached. He said, "We were carrying one adobe at a time while 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was carrying two. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, "May Allah be Merciful to 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ). He will be killed by a rebellious, aggressive group. He will be inviting them to Paradise and they will invite him to Hell-fire." 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said, "I seek refuge with Allah from affliction." (Bukhari  447, Muslim 7320)

 
It is in Hadith Bukhari - Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه )  claimed in front of a large gathering of Muslims that he is a better Khalifa than Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  

It is in Hadith - Narrated `Ikrima bin Khalid ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) : Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I went to (Ummul Momineen) Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) while water was dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The condition of the people is as you see, and no authority has been given to me.' Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) said, (to me), 'Go to them, and as they (the people) are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence from them will cause division among them.' "So Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) did not leave Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) till we went to them. When the people differed, Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he should show up and not conceal himself, for we are more rightful to be the Caliph than he (Ibn Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and his father ( Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )." On that, Habib bin Masalama ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said (to Ibn Umar -  رضئ الله تعالی عنه), "Why don't you reply to him (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )?" `Abdullah bin `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I untied my garment that was going round my back and legs while I was sitting and was about to say, He who fought against you (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and against your father (Abu Sufyan - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a Caliph", but I was afraid that my statement might cause differences among the people and cause bloodshed, and my statement might be interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet) remembering what Allah has prepared in the Gardens of Paradise (for those who prefer Hereafter over this worldly life)." Habib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "You did what kept you safe and secure".  (Bukhari 4108, Book 64, Chapter 29  Battle of Khandaq) 

 

MUAWIYEEN BRUTALLY MURDERED IMAM NASAI

It is reported that Imam Nasai (214-303 AH) (829-915 AD)  traveled to Damascus in 303 AH when he was 89 years old (as per lunar calendar). During this visit  he read in Umayyad Mosque Ahadith from his book Khasais-e-Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), which is the collection of Ahadith in praise of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).   

On hearing Ahadith in praise of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), Muawiyeen demanded him to read Ahadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  On this the Imam informed them that there is not a single authentic Hadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه). 

On hearing this from the Imam, Muawiyeen got angry and brutally assaulted him in the mosque.  The Imam was martyred in this brutal attack.  As per his dying wish, his body was brought by his students to Makka al-Mukarrama where he was buried. 

Muawiyeen also praise the progeny and associates of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) who had been instrumental and active in unreasonably shedding the blood of Sahabah, and Ahle  Bait-e-At Haar.
 
 
 
 
 
 
They call Marwaan bin al-Hakam as Sayyedna Amir al-Momineen on par with Khulafa-e-Rashideen.

 
 
 
 
 
Barelwi Muawiyeen  emphasize that over-glorification of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہwas the practice of Aala Hadhrat as he has written 4 books and booklets in praise of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as follows:
 
(i) Al Bushra al 'Aajilah min Tuhaf 'Aajilah (Refutation of Shia beliefs about Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه  )

(ii) Arsh al Izaaz wa Ikraam li Awwal Muluk al Islam (In Praise of first Kingship in Islam )

(iii) Dhabb al-Ahwaa al-Wahiyyah fi Baab al-Ameer al-Muawiyyah (Answer to the revilers of Muawiya  رضئ الله تعالی عنه

(iv) Al-Ahadith al-Rawiyyah li Madh al-Amir al-Muawiyyah  (Ahadith in Praise of Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )
Barelwi Muawiyeen are very vocal  in claiming that it was the mission of Aala Hadhrat to spread the greatness and love of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) among Muslims. They consider Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) as Khalifa-e-Rashed and Ameer ul Momineen.   Some say it openly and some avoid saying it openly but they all seem to believe he was Khalifa-e-Rashed.
 

 
 
 
 
Picture shows the cover page of the book in Urdu written by Barelwi Muawiyeen scholar Hashmi Miya Ashrafi, endorsed by his elder brother Madani Miya Ashrafi claiming Mauwiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to be Khalifa-e-Rashed.
 
 
 
 
 
Watch the following video clip.  A famous Barelwi scholar of Pakistan says that he is proud to have recited the encomium (منقبت) in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) in a large gathering of Barelwis.  He declared (and repeated it  3 times) that  Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه) is the crown of his head.  He also did Tauba (توبه) for his earlier speech in which he committed disrespect of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه).  
 
 
 
 
Barelwi Muawiyeen proudly claim that they are true flag bearers of Maslak-e-Aala Hadhrat.  Therefore, they will keep his mission alive in the world.   What is their mission?  Their mission is to sing the praises of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالى عنه).  They claim they are the defenders of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) and are adamant  to get themselves identified as a separate group 'Barelwi Muawiyeen' within Barelwi order.
 
Among Barelwis, there is a small group who differ from Barelwi Muawiyeen.  They claim that their Grand Shaikh Aala Hadhrat always kept the distinction of Sahabah in mind and refrained from public over-glorification of  Muawiya  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) or equating him with  Khulafa-e-Rashideen. He believed that in the battle of Siffeen, Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on Haqq and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was on mistake. Aala Hadhrat never said that both Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) were equals or on Haqq in the battle of Siffeen. Aala Hadhrat never conducted large public gatherings, Seminars, conferences etc., like Barelwi Muawiyeen are doing to over glorify Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).    Watch the following  video clips.
 
 

 

 

 

 

  

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AHLUS SUNNAH AQEEDAH 


We,  the Ahle Sunnah wal Jama'a, respect all 124,000 Sahabah, including Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ).  We honor them all. However, it is important that we understand historical facts in their proper perspective.  We cannot falter in this respect.  If we falter, respect of Ahle Baite at-Haar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين) will vanish from our hearts, and we will form some extreme opinions about them and will go astray.

What are Sahih Iman priorities in this context? 

The answer is, you can glorify Khulafa-e-Rashideen or Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ).  As a matter of fact, whatever glorification you do about Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and Khulafa-e-Rashideen, it will amount to be a drop in the ocean of their greatness.  No one can praise Khulafa-e-Rashideen appropriately.  They are oceans of piety and greatest among human beings and Sahabah, next only to prophets.

What Khulafa e Rashideen did and what members of Ahle Bait did was "Haq".  They were right in their actions.  This is our Iman. 

Imam al-Manawi wrote -  أجمع فقهاء الحجاز والعراق من فريقي الحديث والرأي ، منهم مالك والشافعي وأبو حنيفة والأوزاعي والجمهور الأعظم من المتكلمين والمسلمين ، أن علياً مصيب في قتاله لأهل صفين كما هو مصيب في أهل الجمل ، وأن الذين قاتلوه بغاة ظالمون له    [There is Ijma of Fuqaha (Jurists) of Hijaz (Makka and Madina) and Iraq (Kufa and Basra), among them Imam Malik, Imam Shafi'i, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Awzai and majority of theologians and Muslims that,  Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was on Haq in his fight against the people of Siffeen and those who fought him were Oppressive Mutineers (Zaalim Baghis).]

(Reference - Imam al-Manawi (1545 - 1621), wrote in his book  Fayd al - Qadeer with reference to Imam Abdul Qahir al-Jurjani's (1007-1078) Aqeeda.)

Imam Mohammed Ibn Ismail al-Sana'ani said - "The Hadith of Ammar Yasir ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) is a proof that rebel party is Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and those in his party;  and the Party of truth is Hadhrat Ali  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and his companions and there is Ijma of Ahle Sunnah on this position. (Sharah Subul as-Salam upon Bulugh al-Maraam of Ibn Hajar Makki, V3, Page 358).

An absolute majority of Ulema say that the actions of Muawiya  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) Awere deliberate and there is no authentic account in Islamic literature to prove that he repented for them.  However, some Ahle Sunnah Ulema say that Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) mistakes were Ijtehadi.

We respect opinions of all our Ulema. We also respect their differences of opinions. As far as we are concerned, we prefer to keep quite in Muawiya's ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) case.

 

AUTHENTIC HISTORY ACCOUNTS

All our Ulema have  consensus that  authentic Islamic history accounts confirm that Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) openly accepted Hadhrat Ali  ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ )to be better than him in all respects and deserved to be the Khalifa than himself.

The famous Ahle Sunnah Imam al-Barzanji (1640-1703), the Chief Mufti of Madinah (buried in Jannat ul Baqi) wrote in his book "Ishrat al-Sa'a" as follows:

"It was a false pretext of Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) to justify his fight with Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) under the guise of revenge for the murder of Hadhrat Uthman ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) because when he completely attained the power and became ruler of the whole State, he never opened the case of the murder of Hadhrat Uthman ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and did not arrest the murderers though he claimed earlier that the killers were still around. This  proves that all his fight was for worldly rule under the deceit of revenge for the murder."  

Muslim scholars cite the following historical facts.

Before Hadhrat Ali's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) caliphate, there were many Sahabah who acted differently in similar circumstances.  Like, Hadhrat Khaled bin Walid رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) never blamed the Khalifa of any wrong doing.  He never questioned the Caliph on certain decisions even if they were made against his wishes/recommendations.  He did not stage a rebellion or even objected when Hadhrat Umarرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) removed him from the post of Commander of Muslim forces without giving any reason.  He never argued that he was made commander of Muslim forces by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and continued in the same capacity during Hadhrat Abu Bakr'sرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) time and Hadhrat Umarرضئ الله تعالی عنه )  had no right to fire him from this position; like Muawiyaرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) claimed that he was appointed as Governor by Hadhrat Umarرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) had no right to remove him from that position.  For Hadhrat Khaled bin Walid رضئ الله تعالی عنه ), the job of commander of Chief of Muslim forces was dear, still he did not rebel and lived as an example of piety and bravery.  He was never eager to become Khalifa even though he was popular among Muslims.  As a matter of fact he was a hero and role model for Muslims in view of his bravery and tactical successes on the battle field.  He never demanded that he be made Governor of the areas conquered by him.  He was a big source of solidifying and strengthening the Islamic nation and remained a loyal/trusted Commander of Islamic State till his last breath.  

When Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was chosen as Khalifa, there was near anarchy in the Islamic State.  In order to bring back normalcy, Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) asked all Governors to formally resign from their positions. Later they could have been reshuffled or re-appointed again.  Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) refused to resign and staged a rebellion and claimed that he was appointed as Governor by Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) had no right to ask him to resign. Muawiya's rebellion caused hundreds of thousands of deaths of Sahabah, Taba'een and Muslims. Ad-Dahabi wrote : About 60 to 70 thousand people died in the battle of Siffeen alone in which Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) fought against Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ). This demonstrates what Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said about Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  ( Ammar bin Yasser Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim)

It is in Hadith - Ibn 'Abbas ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said to me and to his son Ali, "Go to Abu Sa'id ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and listen to what he narrates." So we went and found him in a garden looking after it.  He picked up his Rida', wore it and sat down and started narrating till the topic of the construction of the mosque reached. He said, "We were carrying one adobe at a time while 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) was carrying two. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him and started removing the dust from his body and said, "May Allah be Merciful to 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ). He will be killed by a rebellious, aggressive group. He will be inviting them to Paradise and they will invite him to Hell-fire." 'Ammaar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) said, "I seek refuge with Allah from affliction." (Bukhari  447, Muslim 7320)

Hadhrat Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'I do not regret anything more than the fact that I did not fight against Muawiya's) rebel group. (Ibn Abdul Barr in al-Istiab)
 
It is narrrated in Hadith Bukhari that Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) declared in front of a large gathering of Sahabah, Tabaeen and Muslims that he was more rightful to be the Khalifa  than Hadhrat Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  Read the following Hadith Bukhari. 
 
حَدَّثَنِي إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ وَأَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ طَاوُسٍ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ بْنِ خَالِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى حَفْصَةَ وَنَسْوَاتُهَا تَنْطُفُ، قُلْتُ قَدْ كَانَ مِنْ أَمْرِ النَّاسِ مَا تَرَيْنَ، فَلَمْ يُجْعَلْ لِي مِنَ الأَمْرِ شَىْءٌ‏.‏ فَقَالَتِ الْحَقْ فَإِنَّهُمْ يَنْتَظِرُونَكَ، وَأَخْشَى أَنْ يَكُونَ فِي احْتِبَاسِكَ عَنْهُمْ فُرْقَةٌ‏.‏ فَلَمْ تَدَعْهُ حَتَّى ذَهَبَ، فَلَمَّا تَفَرَّقَ النَّاسُ خَطَبَ مُعَاوِيَةُ قَالَ مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمَ فِي هَذَا الأَمْرِ فَلْيُطْلِعْ لَنَا قَرْنَهُ، فَلَنَحْنُ أَحَقُّ بِهِ مِنْهُ وَمِنْ أَبِيهِ‏.‏ قَالَ حَبِيبُ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ فَهَلاَّ أَجَبْتَهُ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ فَحَلَلْتُ حُبْوَتِي وَهَمَمْتُ أَنْ أَقُولَ أَحَقُّ بِهَذَا الأَمْرِ مِنْكَ مَنْ قَاتَلَكَ وَأَبَاكَ عَلَى الإِسْلاَمِ‏.‏ فَخَشِيتُ أَنْ أَقُولَ كَلِمَةً تُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ الْجَمْعِ، وَتَسْفِكُ الدَّمَ، وَيُحْمَلُ عَنِّي غَيْرُ ذَلِكَ، فَذَكَرْتُ مَا أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ فِي الْجِنَانِ‏.‏ قَالَ حَبِيبٌ حُفِظْتَ وَعُصِمْتَ‏.‏ قَالَ مَحْمُودٌ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّزَّاقِ وَنَوْسَاتُهَا‏.

Narrated `Ikrima bin Khalid ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) : Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I went to (Ummul Momineen) Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) while water was dribbling from her twined braids. I said, 'The condition of the people is as you see, and no authority has been given to me.' Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) said, (to me), 'Go to them, and as they (the people) are waiting for you, and I am afraid your absence from them will cause division among them.' "So Hafsa ( رضئ الله تعالی عنها ) did not leave Ibn `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) till we went to them. When the people differed, Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) addressed the people saying, "'If anybody wants to say anything in this matter of the Caliphate, he should show up and not conceal himself, for we are more rightful to be the Caliph than he (Ibn Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and his father ( Umar - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )." On that, Habib bin Masalama ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said (to Ibn Umar -  رضئ الله تعالی عنه), "Why don't you reply to him (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه )?" `Abdullah bin `Umar ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "I untied my garment that was going round my back and legs while I was sitting and was about to say, He who fought against you (Muawiya - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) and against your father (Abu Sufyan - رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) for the sake of Islam, is more rightful to be a Caliph", but I was afraid that my statement might cause differences among the people and cause bloodshed, and my statement might be interpreted not as I intended. (So I kept quiet) remembering what Allah has prepared in the Gardens of Paradise (for those who prefer Hereafter over this worldly life)." Habib ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) said, "You did what kept you safe and secure".   (Bukhari 4108, Book 64, Chapter 29  Battle of Khandaq )

 
Distinction in the status among Sahabah is mandatory in Islam.  If you do not keep this distinction in mind, you have strayed, you have lost the right path of Islam.
 
Some people cite the following Hadith to equate all Sahabah.  

It is in Hadith -  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :"My Companions are like stars, whoever among them you use for guidance, you will be rightly guided.

The above Hadith is Weak (Dha'eef).  Baihaqi in his book al-Makhdal, and Ibn Hajar in al-Kafi al-Shaf'fi Takhrij Ahadith al-Kashshaf (4:94) have stated that the above Hadith is narrated through many weak chains as follows

(References - (i) Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Musnad  Ibn Humayd 2-28.  (ii) Jabir Ibn Abdullahرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) Daraqutni - Fada'il-e-Sahabah - 4-1778, (iii) Abu Hurairah رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) in Musnad al-Shihab - Qudai 2-275.  (iv) Umarرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) - Baihaqi in al-Madkhal 1-145.  (v) Ibn Abbasرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) - Baihaqi in al-Madkhal 1-147. (vi) Anasرضئ الله تعالی عنه ) - Ibn Hajar through al-Bazzar in his book Takhlis at-Takhlis al-Habr 2-191.)

However, many authentic Ahadith and Quranic verses confirm the merits of Sahabah. Therefore Hadith scholars agree that at least the contents of the above Hadith are sound.  In this context, the following issues are important.

Ahle Sunnah Ulema are united (have consensus) that the Sahaba belong to the highest probity (udul) among people; in addition, their precision (dabt) can only be interpreted in the cases of conflicting narrations/reports of equal strength. 

Ibn Rajab wrote that the opinions of Abu Bakr ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and Umar ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) have precedence over other Sahabah.  

Similarly the actions, opinions and the model of conduct of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Hadhrat Hassan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Hadhrat Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has precedence over the actions, opinions and the model of conduct of Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Mughira Ibn Shubah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Marwan and Yazid bin Muawiya.

Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali and Hassan ( رضئ الله تعالی عنهم اجمعین ) were rightly guided Caliphs (Khulafa-e-Rashideen). No one from Ahle Sunnah calls Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ), as 'rightly guided Caliph' (Khalifa-e-Rashid).  As a matter of fact, the rightly guided caliphate was ended by Muawiya ( رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ) and he was the founding King of a dynastic rule in Muslim history.  

Generalized praise of Sahabah is a good deed.  Hadith books are full of generalized praise of Sahabah and in some cases references of praise of individual Sahabah.  Where there were differences of opinions among Sahabah, particularly between Khulafa-e-Rashideen and an individual Sahabi which resulted in killing of hundreds of thousands of Sahabah, Taba'een and Muslims, it is a good idea that while we praise the Khulafa-e-Rashideen, we keep quiet about the Sahabi who deposed rightly guided Khulafa. It is also our Iman that if we had lived during that time in Hijaz, we would have fought Siffeen alongside Khalifa-e-Rashid, Amir-ul-Momineen Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).      

Muawiyeen sect, who follow Muawiya and claim that they are the slaves of of the slaves of Muawiya refer to  certain accomplishments of Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) after he deposed Rashidun Caliphate.  Like he build a strong Navy and broke the hold of Byzantine Empire in the eastern Mediterranean. He modernized the army and expanded Umayyed empire in all directions. And, certain administrative reforms were also undertaken during Muawiya's ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) monarchy. 

It is our Iman that if Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was allowed to continue as Khalifa,   he would have done a better job than Muawiya ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ).  All Sahabah and entire Islamic Ummah are unanimous that Hadhrat Ali ( رضئ الله تعالی عنه ) was a great administrator and Jurist (Faqih). He was the adviser of all three Khulafa-e-Rashideen before him under whom the Islamic state was solidified and expanded extensively.

Islam's continuance in its original form even today is greatly because of the sacrifices of Khulafa-e-Rashideen, Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), his sons and other members of Ahle Bait.  They sacrificed their lives to keep the purity of Islam from worldly politics.  We the Muslims of the world are greatly indebted to the Ahle Bait-e-Rasool (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)They showed us the right path and set an example of piety and bravery.