CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

  

 SAHIH AL- MU'ATTA

 

VOLUME (1.1)

  

BOOK # 2 - PURIFICATION

 كتاب الطهارة

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب العمل في الوضوء

How to do Wudu
  
Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 001
 
حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى الْمَازِنِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ عَاصِمٍ وَهُوَ جَدُّ عَمْرِو بْنِ يَحْيَى الْمَازِنِيِّ وَكَانَ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم هَلْ تَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ تُرِيَنِي كَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَوَضَّأُ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ عَاصِمٍ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ فَدَعَا بِوَضُوءٍ فَأَفْرَغَ عَلَى يَدِهِ فَغَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ ثُمَّ تَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ غَسَلَ يَدَيْهِ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ إِلَى الْمِرْفَقَيْنِ ثُمَّ مَسَحَ رَأْسَهُ بِيَدَيْهِ فَأَقْبَلَ بِهِمَا وَأَدْبَرَ بَدَأَ بِمُقَدَّمِ رَأْسِهِ ثُمَّ ذَهَبَ بِهِمَا إِلَى قَفَاهُ ثُمَّ رَدَّهُمَا حَتَّى رَجَعَ إِلَى الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي بَدَأَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ ‏.‏

Yahya related to me from Malik from Amr ibn Yahya al-Mazini that his father once asked Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Asim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was the grandfather of Amr ibn Yahya al-Mazini (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and one of the companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) if he could show him how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did Wudu. Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn Asim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) agreed to do so and asked for water to do Wudu. He poured some out on to his hand and washed each hand twice and then rinsed his mouth and snuffed water up his nose and blew it out three times. Then he washed his face three times and both of his arms up to the elbows twice. He then wiped his head with both hands, taking his hands from his forehead to the nape of his neck and then bringing them back to where he had begun. Then he washed his feet.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'zZinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, "When you do Wudu, snuff water into your nose and blow it out, and if you use stones to clean your private parts use an odd number."

 

Yahya related to me from Ibn Shihab from Abu Idris al-Khawlani from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "The person doing Wudu should snuff water up his nose and blow it out again."

 

Yahya said that he heard Malik say that there was no harm in washing the mouth and cleaning the nose with only one handful of water.


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Abdur Rahman ibn Abi Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was visiting Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) on the day that Sad ibn Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) died, and he asked for some water to do Wudu. Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said to him, ''Abdur Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! Perform your Wudu fully, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, 'Woe to the heels in the fire.' "

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Muhammad ibn Talha from Uthman ibn Abdur Rahman that his father related to him that he had heard that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to wash what was beneath his waist wrapper with water.

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 007 

قَالَ يَحْيَى سُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَوَضَّأَ فَنَسِيَ فَغَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَتَمَضْمَضَ أَوْ غَسَلَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْسِلَ وَجْهَهُ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الَّذِي غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَتَمَضْمَضَ فَلْيُمَضْمِضْ وَلاَ يُعِدْ غَسْلَ وَجْهِهِ وَأَمَّا الَّذِي غَسَلَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ قَبْلَ وَجْهِهِ فَلْيَغْسِلْ وَجْهَهُ ثُمَّ لِيُعِدْ غَسْلَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ حَتَّى يَكُونَ غَسْلُهُمَا بَعْدَ وَجْهِهِ إِذَا كَانَ ذَلِكَ فِي مَكَانِهِ أَوْ بِحَضْرَةِ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ 

Yahya said that Malik was asked what a man should do if, when he did Wudu, he forgot and washed his face before he had rinsed his mouth, or washed his forearms before he had washed his face. He said, "If someone washes his face before rinsing his mouth, he should rinse his mouth and not wash his face again. If someone washes his forearms before his face, however, he should wash his forearms again so that he has washed them after his face. This is if he is still near the place (of Wudu)."

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 008

قَالَ يَحْيَى وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ نَسِيَ أَنْ يَتَمَضْمَضَ وَيَسْتَنْثِرَ حَتَّى صَلَّى قَالَ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يُعِيدَ صَلاَتَهُ وَلْيُمَضْمِضْ وَيَسْتَنْثِرْ مَا يَسْتَقْبِلُ إِنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ ‏.‏

Yahya said that Malik was asked about what a man should do if he had forgotten to rinse his mouth and nose until he had prayed, and he said, "He does not have to repeat the prayer, but should rinse his mouth and nose if he wishes to do any more prayers after that."

 

CHAPTER (2)

باب وُضُوءِ النَّائِمِ إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ

The Wudu of a man who has been asleep when he gets up to pray

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'zZinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "When you wake up from sleep to pray, wash your hands before you put them in the Wudu water (container), for you do not know where your hands have spent the night."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "If you fall asleep Iying down you must do Wudu ( before you pray) . "

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that the verse - ‏يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ [ O'You who believe! When you rise for prayer wash your faces, and your arms to the elbows, and wipe over your heads and your feet up to the ankles.] (Al-Maaida - 6), refers to rising from the bed, meaning sleep.

Yahya said that Malik said, "The situation with us is that one does not have to do Wudu for a nose-bleed, or for blood, or for pus coming out of the (of any) body (part). One only has to do Wudu for impurities from the genitals or the anus, or for sleep."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to sleep sitting and then would pray without doing Wudu.

 

CHAPTER (3)

باب الطَّهُورِ لِلْوُضُوءِ

What is pure for Wudu

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Safwan ibn Sulaym from Sa'id ibn Salama of Bani Azraq from al-Mughira ibn Abi Burda of the tribe of Bani Abd ad-Dar that he had heard Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) speak about a man who came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said, "Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! We travel by sea and we do not carry much fresh water with us so if we do Wudu with it we go thirsty. Can we do Wudu with seawater?" The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied, "lts water is pure, and its dead creatures (fishes) are halal."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Talha from Humayda bint Abi Ubayda ibn Farwa that her maternal aunt Kabsha bint Kab ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), who was the wife of the son of Abu Qatada al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), told her that once Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was visiting her and she poured out some water for him to do Wudu with. Just then a cat came to drink from it, so he tilted the vessel towards it to let it drink. Kabsha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) continued, "He saw me looking at him and said, 'Are you surprised, daughter of my brother?' I said, 'Yes.' He replied that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, cats are not impure. They intermingle with you .' "

Yahya said that Malik said, "There is no harm in that unless one sees impurities on the cat's mouth."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Harith at-Taymi from Yahya ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Hatib that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) set out on one occasion with a party of riders, one of whom was Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). They came to a watering place and Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked the man who owned it whether wild beasts drank from it. Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told the owner of the watering place not to answer, since the people drank after the wild beasts and the wild beasts drank after them.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say that men and their wives used to do Wudu together in the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

CHAPTER (4)

باب مَا لاَ يَجِبُ مِنْهُ الْوُضُوءُ

Things that do not break Wudu

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn Umara from Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim that the mother of the son of Ibrahim ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf questioned Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and said, "I am a woman who wears a long skirt and (sometimes) I walk in dirty places." Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) replied, "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'What follows (clean places) purifies it.' "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik that he saw Rabia ibn Abd ar- Rahman vomit several times when he was in the mosque and he did not leave, nor did he do Wudu before he prayed.

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether a man who vomited food had to do Wudu and he said, "He does not have to do Wudu, but he should rinse the inside of his mouth and wash his mouth out."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar () prepared the body of one of Sa'id ibn Zayd's sons for burial and carried it and then entered the mosque and prayed without doing Wudu.

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether it was necessary to do Wudu because of regurgitating undigested food and he said, "No, Wudu is not necessary, but the mouth should be rinsed."

 

CHAPTER (5)

باب تَرْكِ الْوُضُوءِ مِمَّا مَسَّتْهُ النَّارُ

 Discounting doing Wudu on account of eating cooked food

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar from Abdullah bin Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ate a shoulder of lamb and then prayed without doing Wudu.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Bushayr ibn Yasar, the Mawla of the Bani Haritha, that Suwayd ibn an-Numan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that he went with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the expedition to Khaybar. When they reached as-Suhba (area), which was near Khaybar, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stopped and prayed Asr. He asked for provisions but only parched barley was brought, so he asked for it to be moistened. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ate and the people ate with him. Then he got up to pray Maghrib and rinsed his mouth out and they rinsed out theirs. Then he prayed without doing Wudu.


Yahya related to me from Malik that both Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir and Safwan ibn Sulaym transmitted to him from Muhammad ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Harith at-Taymi from Rabia ibn Abdullah ibn al-Hudayr that he had eaten an evening meal with Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who then prayed without doing Wudu.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Damra ibn Said al-Mazini from Aban ibn Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) ate bread and meat, rinsed his mouth out, washed his hands and wiped his face with them, and then prayed without doing Wudu.


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did not do Wudu after eating cooked food.


Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 024

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that he asked Abdullah ibn Amir ibn Rabia whether a man who did Wudu for prayer and then ate cooked food had to do Wudu again. He said, "I saw my father do that without doing Wudu ."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Nuaym Wahb ibn Kaysan that he heard Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying, "I saw Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) eat meat and then pray without doing Wudu."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  was invited to eat, and some bread and meat was brought to him. He ate some of it, and then did Wudu and prayed. Then more of the same food was brought and he ate some more and then prayed without doing Wudu.


It was related to me from Malik from Musa ibn Uqba from Abd ar- Rahman ibn Yazid al-Ansari that when Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came back from Iraq, Abu Talha and Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) visited him. He brought them some cooked food and they ate, and then Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) got up and did Wudu. Abu Talha  and Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) asked, "What's this, Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? Is it an Iraqi custom?" and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I wish I had not done it (wudu). Abu Talha and Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) both got up and prayed without doing Wudu.

 

CHAPTER (6)

باب جَامِعِ الْوُضُوءِ

 On Wudu in general 

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked about cleaning after excretion. He replied, "Are any of you unable to find three stones?"

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from al-Ala ibn Abd ar-Rahman from his father from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went to the burial grounds and said, "Peace be upon you, home of a people who believe! We shall be among you, Allah willing. I wish that I had seen our brothers!" The people with him said, "Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Are we not your brothers?" "No," he said, "You are my companions. Our brothers are those who have not yet come. And I will precede them to the Hawd (al-Kauther). They asked him, "Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! How will you recognize those of your community who come after you?" He said, "Doesn't a man who has horses with white legs and white blazes on their foreheads among totally black horses recognize which ones are his own?" They said, "Of course, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)." He went on, "Even so will they come on the day of rising with white marks on their foreheads, hands and feet from Wudu, and I will precede them to the Hawd (al-Kauthar). Some men will be driven away from the Hawd as if they were straying camels and I shall call out to them, 'Will you not come? Will you not come? Will you not come?' And someone will say, 'They changed things after you,' so I shall say, 'Then away with them, away with them, away with them!' "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Humran, the Mawla of Uthman ibn Affan, that Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was once sitting on the Maqaid [the benches surrounding the Madina Mosque, or a stone near Uthman ibn Affan's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) house where he sat to discuss with people], when the person who calls for prayer (الْمُؤَذِّنُ) came and told him that it was time for the Asr prayer. He called for water and did Wudu. Then he said, "By Allah, I shall tell you something which I would not tell you if it were not in the Book of Allah. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  say, 'If a man does Wudu, and makes sure he does it correctly, and then does the prayer, he will be forgiven everything that he does between then and the time when he prays the next prayer.' "

Yahya said that Malik said, "I believe he ( Hadhrat Uthmanؓ ) meant this verse - وَأَقِمِ الصَّلَاةَ طَرَفَيِ النَّهَارِ وَزُلَفًا مِّنَ اللَّيْلِ ۚ إِنَّ الْحَسَنَاتِ يُذْهِبْنَ السَّيِّئَاتِ ۚ ذَ‌ٰلِكَ ذِكْرَىٰ لِلذَّاكِرِينَ [Establish prayer at the two ends of the day and in some watches of the night. Good actions take away wrong actions. That is a reminder for those who remember.] (Hud - 114)

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar from Abdullah as-Sanabihi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, "A trusting servant does Wudu and as he rinses his mouth the wrong actions leave it. As he cleans his nose the wrong actions leave it. As he washes his face, the wrong actions leave it, even from underneath his eyelashes. As he washes his hands the wrong actions leave them, even from underneath his fingernails. As he wipes his head the wrong actions leave it, even from his ears. And as he washes his feet the wrong actions leave them, even from underneath the toenails of both his feet." He added, "Then his walking to the mosque and his prayer are an extra reward for him."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Suhayl ibn Abi Salih from his father from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "A Muslim servant does wudu and as he washes his face every wrong action he has seen with his eyes leaves with the water (or the last drop of water). As he washes his hands every wrong action he has done with his hands leaves with the water (or the last drop of water). And as he washes his feet every wrong action his feet have walked to leaves with the water (or the last drop of water) so that he comes away purified of wrong actions."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Talha that Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  on one occasion when the Asr prayer was at hand. Everyone was looking for water for Wudu but no one could find any. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  brought some water in a vessel . He put his hand into the vessel and then he told them all to do wudu from it." Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) added, "I saw water coming out from his fingers. Then all of them to the last man did wudu."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nuaym ibn Abdullah al-Madani al-Mujmir that he heard Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say, "If someone does wudu and does it correctly and then goes off intending to do the prayer, then he is in prayer as long as he intends to do the prayer. A good action is written for every alternate step he makes and a wrong action is erased for the second. When you hear the iqama do not lengthen your stride, and the one who has the greatest reward is the one whose house is farthest away." They said, "Why, Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?" He replied, "Because of the greater number of steps."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that he heard someone ask Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab about washing off excreta with water. Said said, "That is the way women wash."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said, "If a dog drinks from your vessel, wash it seven times."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Try to go straight, although you will not be able to do so. Act, and the best of your actions is the prayer. And only a Momin is constant in his wudu."

 

CHAPTER (7)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْمَسْحِ بِالرَّأْسِ وَالأُذُنَيْنِ

 Wiping the head and ears 

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used two fingers to take water to his ears.


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Jabir ibn Abdullah al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked about wiping over a turban. He said, "Not unless you have wiped over your hair with water."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Abu Urwa ibn az-Zubayr used to take off his turban and wipe his head with water.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that he saw Safiyya bint Abi Ubayd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), the wife of Abdullah ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), take off her head- covering and wipe her head with water. Nafi was a child at the time.

Malik was asked about a man who did wudu but forgot to wipe his head until the water had dried. He said, "I consider that he should wipe his head and then repeat the prayer if he has already performed it."

 

CHAPTER (8)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْمَسْحِ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ

 Wiping over leather socks

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abbad ibn Ziyad, a descendant of al-Mughira ibn Shuba from his father from al Mughira ibn Shuba (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went to relieve himself during the expedition of Tabuk. Mughira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I went with him, taking water. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came back and I poured out the water for him. He washed his hands and then went to push his hands out of the sleeves of his garment, but could not do so because of their narrowness. So he brought them out from underneath his garment. Then he washed his arms, wiped his head and wiped over his leather socks. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  returned and Abdar Rahman ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was leading the people in prayer, and he had already finished one raka with them. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed the remaining raka with them to everyone's concern. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  finished he said, 'You have acted correctly.' "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik that Nafi and Abdullah ibn Dinar told him that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) arrived at Kufa and went to Sad ibn Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was the Amir of Kufa at that time. Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw him wiping over his leather socks and disapproved of it. So Sad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "Ask your father when you get back." Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) returned but forgot to ask Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the matter until Sad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) arrived and said, "Have you asked your father?" and he said, "No."

Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) then asked Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) replied, "If your feet are ritually pure when you put them in the leather socks then you can wipe over the socks." Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said ,"What about if we have just come from relieving ourselves?" Hadhrat Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "Yes, even if you have just come from relieving yourself."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) urinated in the market place and then did Wudu, washing his face and hands and wiping his head. Then as soon as he had come into the mosque, he was called to pray over a dead person, so he wiped over his leather socks and prayed.


Yahya related to me from Malik that Sa'id ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Ruqash said, "I saw Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) come and squat and urinate. Then water was brought and he did Wudu. He washed his face, then his arms to the elbows, and then he wiped his head and wiped over his leather socks. Then he came to the mosque and prayed."

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether a man who did Wudu for prayer and then put on his leather socks, and then urinated and took them off and put them back on again, should begin Wudu afresh.

Malik replied, "He should take off his socks and wash his feet. Only someone who puts on leather socks when his feet are (already) ritually purified by Wudu can wipe over them. Someone who puts on leather socks when his feet are not ritually purified by Wudu, should not wipe over them."

Yahya said that Malik was asked about a man who did Wudu with his leather socks on and forgot to wipe over them until the water was dry and he had prayed, and he said, "He should wipe over his socks and repeat the prayer but not repeat Wudu."

Malik was asked about a man who washed his feet and put on his leather socks and then started doing Wudu, and he said, "He should take off his socks and do Wudu and wash his feet."

 

CHAPTER (9)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي الْمَسْحِ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ

 How to wipe over leather socks

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that he saw his father wiping over his leather socks.  He said, "When he wiped over his socks he would never do more than wipe the tops and he would not wipe the bottoms."


Yahya related to me that Malik had asked Ibn Shihab how to wipe over leather socks. Ibn Shihab had put one hand under the sock and his other hand above the sock and then passed them over it.

Yahya said that Malik said, "Out of all that I have heard about the matter I like what Ibn Shihab said the most."

 

CHAPTER (10)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الرُّعَافِ

 What has come for nose bleeding

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would leave and do Wudu if he had a nose-bleed and then return and complete his prayer without saying anything.

 

CHAPTER (11)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي الرُّعَافِ

 What to do when nose bleeds

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to have nose-bleeds and would leave to wash off the blood. He would then return and complete his prayer.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Abdullah Qusayt al- Laythi that he saw Said ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) having a nose-bleed while praying. He went off to the room of Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and water was brought to him and he did Wudu. He then returned and completed his prayer.


Yahya related to me that Abd ar-Rahman ibn Harmala al-Aslami said, "I saw Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with his nose bleeding and blood poured out of it so that his fingers were all red from the blood coming out of his nose, and he prayed without doing Wudu."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd ar Rahman ibn al-Mujabbar that he saw Salim ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with blood running from his nose so that his fingers were all colored red. Then he rubbed it and prayed without doing Wudu.

 

CHAPTER (12)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِيمَنْ غَلَبَهُ الدَّمُ مِنْ جُرْحٍ أَوْ رُعَافٍ

 What to do in the event bleeding from a wound or nose

 

Yahya related to me from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that al- Miswar ibn Makhrama told him that he had visited Hadhrat Umar ibn al Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the night he was stabbed and had woken him up for the subh (Fajr) prayer and Umar had said, ''Yes. Whoever stops doing the prayer will get nothing from Islam," and he did the prayer with blood pouring from his wound.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked, "What do you say about someone who is afflicted by a nose-bleed which does not stop? "Malik said that Yahya ibn Sa'id said that Said ibn al Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I say that he should signal with his head." (i.e. instead of doing sajda or ruku.)

Yahya said that Malik said, "That is what I like most out of what I have heard about the matter."

 

CHAPTER (13)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مِنَ الْمَذْي

 Wudu on account of prostatic fluid

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'n Nadr, the Mawla of Abdullah ibn Ubaydullah, from Sulayman ibn Yasar from al-Miqdad Ibn al- Aswad that Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him to ask the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  what a man should do, who, when close to his wife, had a flow of prostatic fluid.  Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) explained that the daughter of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was living with him then and he was too shy to ask for himself. Al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about it, and he said, 'When you find that, wash your genitals with water and do Wudu as for prayer.' "

 

Yahya related to me from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I find it dropping from me like small beads. When you find that, wash your penis and do Wudu as for prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that Jundub, the Mawla of Abdullah ibn Ayyash, said, "I asked Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about prostatic fluid and he said, 'When you find it, wash your genitals and do wudu as for prayer.' "

 

CHAPTER (14)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي تَرْكِ الْوُضُوءِ مِنَ الْمَذْيِ

Provision for not having to do Wudu in case of prostatic fluid

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that he was listening to Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and a man questioned him saying, "I discover a liquid when I am praying. Should I leave?"

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "Even if it were to flow on my leg I would not leave until I had finished the prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik that as-Salt ibn Zuyayd said, "I asked Sulayman ibn Yasar about a liquid I discovered. He said, 'Wash what is under your garments with water and forget about it.' "

 

CHAPTER (15)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مِنْ مَسِّ الْفَرْجِ

 Wudu on account of touching the genitals

 

Yahya related to me from Malik that Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Hazim heard Urwa ibn az-Zubayr saying, "I went to see Marwan ibn al-Hakam and we talked about what you had to do Wudu for, and Marwan said, 'You have to do Wudu if you touch your penis.' Urwa said, 'I didn't know that.' Marwan ibn al-Hakam said that Busra bint Safwan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) had told him that she heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, 'If any of you touches his penis he should do Wudu.' "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Muhammad ibn Sad ibn Abi Waqqas that Musab ibn Sad ibn Abi Waqqas said, "I was holding the Book for Sad ibn Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and I rubbed myself. Sad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'Did you touch your penis?' I replied, 'Yes,' and he said, 'Get up and do Wudu.' So I got up and did Wudu and then returned."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "If you touch your penis you have to do wudu."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that his father used to say, "If any of you touches his penis he has to do wudu."

 
Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 064

Yahya related from Malik from Ibn Shihab that Salim ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I saw my father Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do ghusl and then do wudu. I said to him, 'Father, isn't ghusl enough for you?' He said, 'Of course, but sometimes I touch my penis, so I do wudu.' "


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Salim ibn Abdullah said, "I was with Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on a journey and after the sun had risen I saw him do wudu and then pray. So I said to him, 'This isn't a prayer that you normally do. 'He said, 'After I had done wudu for the subh prayer, I touched my genitals. Then I forgot to do wudu. So I did wudu again and repeated my prayer.' "

 

CHAPTER (16)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مِنْ قُبْلَةِ الرَّجُلِ امْرَأَتَهُ

 Wudu on account of a man kissing his wife

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "A man's kissing his wife and fondling her with his hands are part of intercourse.  Someone who kisses his wife or fondles her with his hand must do wudu."


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Abdullah ibn Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "Wudu is necessary if a man kisses his wife."


Yahya related to me from Malik that Ibn Shihab used to say, "Wudu is necessary if a man kisses his wife." Nafi said that Malik said, "That is what I like most out of what I have heard."

 

CHAPTER (17)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي غُسْلِ الْجَنَابَةِ

How to do Ghusl for major ritual impurity (Janabah)

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  that whenever the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did ghusl for major ritual impurity (Janaba), he would begin by washing his hands, and then do wudu as for prayer. He would then put his fingers in the water and rub the roots of his hair with them. Then he would pour as much water as two hands can hold on to his head three times, and over the entire surface of his skin.


Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 070

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibn az- Zubayr from Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do ghusl for major ritual impurity from a vessel which contained a faraq.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that when Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to do ghusl for major ritual impurity he would begin by pouring water on his right hand and washing it. Then, in order, he would wash his genitals, rinse his mouth, snuff water in and out of his nose, wash his face and splash his eyes with water. Then he would wash his right arm and then his left, and after that he would wash his head. He would finish by having a complete wash and pouring water all over himself.


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) was asked about how a woman should do ghusl for major ritual impurity.  She said, "She should scoop water over her head with both hands three times and rub the roots of her hair with her hands."

 

CHAPTER (18)

باب وَاجِبِ الْغُسْلِ إِذَا الْتَقَى الْخِتَانَانِ

Obligation to do Ghusl after sexual penetration

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Sa'id ibn al- Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Umar ibn al-Khattab  and Uthman ibn Affan and Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين)  used to say, "When the genitals of a man and wife touches,  ghusl is obligatory."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu an-Nadr, the Mawla of Umar ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Abu Salama ibn Abdar-Rahman ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) related that he had asked Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) what made ghusl obligatory. She said, "Do you know what you are like, Abu Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? You are like a chick when it hears the cocks crowing and so crows with them. When penetration takes place between a man and his wife, ghusl is obligatory."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Abu Musa al-Ashari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and said to her, "The disagreement of the companions in a matter which I hate to bring before you has distressed me." She said, "What is that? You did not ask your mother about it, so ask me." He said, "A man penetrates his wife, but becomes listless and does not ejaculate. "She said, "When the penetration takes place, ghusl is obligatory." Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) added, "I shall never ask anyone about this after you."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Abdullah ibn Kab, the Mawla of Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Mahmud ibn Labid al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked Zayd ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about a man who penetrated his wife but became listless and did not ejaculate. Zayd ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "He does ghusl." Mahmud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used not to think that ghusl was necessary," but Zayd ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "Ubayy ibn Kab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) drew away from that before he died."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "When penetration between man and his wife takes place,  ghusl is obligatory."

 

CHAPTER (19)

باب وُضُوءِ الْجُنُبِ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَنَامَ أَوْ يَطْعَمَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَغْتَسِلَ

Wudu of a person in the state of Janabah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Dinar that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) related that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) mentioned to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that he would sometimes become junub in the night. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to him, "Do wudu and wash your penis, and then sleep."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that  Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "If you have intercourse with your wife and then wish to go to sleep before doing ghusl, do not sleep until you have done wudu as for prayer."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (), if he wished to sleep or eat while junub, would wash his face, and his arms to the elbows, and wipe his head. Then he would eat or sleep.

 

CHAPTER (20)

باب إِعَادَةِ الْجُنُبِ الصَّلاَةَ وَغُسْلِهِ إِذَا صَلَّى وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ وَغَسْلِهِ ثَوْبَهُ

The Repetition of the Prayer by a Person in a State of Major ritual impurity, his doing Ghusl, when he has prayed without remembering it, and his washing his garments

 

Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 081

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that Ata ibn Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said the takbir in one of the prayers and then indicated to them with his hand to stay in place.  He left and then returned with traces of water on his skin.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that Zuyayd ibn as-Salt (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I went with Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to Juruf and he looked down and noticed that he had had a wet dream and had prayed without doing ghusl. He exclaimed, 'By Allah I realize that I have had a wet dream and did not know it and have not done ghusl.' So he did ghusl and washed off whatever he saw on his garment, and sprinkled with water whatever he did not see.Then he gave the adhan or the iqama and prayed in the midmorning."


Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 083

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim from Sulayman ibn Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) went out early in the morning to his land in al-Juruf and found semen on his garment. He said, "I have been tried with wet dreams since I have been entrusted with governing the people." He did ghusl and washed his garment of what he saw of the semen, and then prayed after the sun had risen.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Said from Sulayman ibn Yasar that Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led the people in the subh (Fajr) prayer and then went out to his land in Juruf and found semen on his clothes. He said, "Since we have been eating rich meat our veins have become fulsome." He did ghusl, washed the semen from his clothing, and did his prayer again.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Yahya ibn Abd ar-Rahman ibn Haatib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he had set off for Mumra with Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in a party of riders, among whom was Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) dismounted for a rest late at night on a certain road near a certain oasis. Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had a wet dream when it was almost dawn and there was no water among the riding party. He rode until he came to some water and then he began to wash off what he saw of the semen until it had gone. Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "It is morning and there are clothes with us, so allow your garment to be washed. ''Umar ibn al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, "I am surprised at you, Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! Even if you could find clothes, would everybody be able to find them? By Allah, if I were to do it, it would become a sunna. No, I wash what I see, and I sprinkle with water what I do not see."

Malik spoke about a man who found traces of a wet dream on his clothes and did not know when it had occurred and did not remember anything he had seen in his sleep. He said, "Let the intention of his ghusl be from the time when he last slept, and if he has prayed since that last sleep he should repeat it. This is because often a man has a wet dream and sees nothing, and often he sees something but does not have an emission. But, if he finds liquid on his garment he must do ghusl. This is because Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) repeated what he had prayed after the time he had last slept and not what was before it."

 

CHAPTER (21)

باب غُسْلِ الْمَرْأَةِ إِذَا رَأَتْ فِي الْمَنَامِ مِثْلَ مَا يَرَى الرَّجُلُ

Ghusl of a woman who witnesses a wet dream

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Urwa ibn az- Zubayr that Umm Sulaym (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) "Should a woman do ghusl when she experiences the same (wet dream) as a man,  in her sleep?" The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to her, "Yes, she should do ghusl. "Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said to her, "Shame on you! Does a woman see that?" The Appostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), said to her, "May your right hand be full of dust. From where does family resemblance come?"


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Zaynab bint Abi Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that Ummul Momineen Umm Salma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "Umm Sulym (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), the wife of Abu Talha al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and said, 'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Allah is not ashamed of the truth; does a woman have to do ghusl if she has had an erotic dream?' He said, 'Yes, if she sees any liquid.' "

 

CHAPTER (22)

باب جَامِعِ غُسْلِ الْجَنَابَةِ

Ghusl for Janabah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say, "There is no harm in doing ghusl with water that has been used by one's wife as long as she is not menstruating or in a state of major ritual impurity (junub)."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to sweat in a garment while he was junub and then pray with it on.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that the slave girls of Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to wash his feet and bring him a mat of palm leaves while they were menstruating.

Malik was asked whether a man who had women and slave girls could have intercourse with all of them before he did ghusl. He said, "There is no harm in a man having intercourse with two of his slave girls before he does ghusl. It is disapproved of, however, to go to a free woman on another's day. There is no harm in making love first to one slave girl and then to another when one is junub."

Malik was asked about a man who was junub and water was put down for him to do ghusl with. Then he forgot and put his finger into it to find out whether it was hot or cold. Malik said, "If no filth has soiled his fingers, I do not consider that that makes the water impure."

 

CHAPTER (23)

باب فِي التَّيَمُّمِ

Dry ablution (Tayammum)

 

  وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَيَمَّمَ لِصَلاَةٍ حَضَرَتْ، ثُمَّ حَضَرَتْ صَلاَةٌ أُخْرَى، أَيَتَيَمَّمُ لَهَا، أَمْ يَكْفِيهِ تَيَمُّمُهُ ذَلِكَ ؟ فَقَالَ : بَلْ يَتَيَمَّمُ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ، لأَنَّ عَلَيْهِ أَنْ يَبْتَغِيَ الْمَاءَ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ، فَمَنِ ابْتَغَى الْمَاءَ فَلَمْ يَجِدْهُ، فَإِنَّهُ يَتَيَمَّمُ.

 وَسُئِلَ مَالِكٌ عَنْ رَجُلٍ تَيَمَّمَ، أَيَؤُمُّ أَصْحَابَهُ وَهُمْ عَلَى وُضُوءٍ ؟ قَالَ : يَؤُمُّهُمْ غَيْرُهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ، وَلَوْ أَمَّهُمْ هُوَ لَمْ أَرَ بِذَلِكَ بَأْساً.

 قَالَ يَحْيَى : قَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي رَجُلٍ تَيَمَّمَ حِينَ لَمْ يَجِدْ مَاءً، فَقَامَ وَكَبَّرَ وَدَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ، فَطَلَعَ عَلَيْهِ إِنْسَانٌ مَعَهُ مَاءٌ. قَالَ : لاَ يَقْطَعُ صَلاَتَهُ بَلْ يُتِمُّهَا بِالتَّيَمُّمِ، وَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ لِمَا يُسْتَقْبَلُ مِنَ الصَّلَوَاتِ.

 قَالَ يَحْيَى : قَالَ مَالِكٌ : مَنْ قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمْ يَجِدْ مَاءً، فَعَمِلَ بِمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ بِهِ مِنَ التَّيَمُّمِ، فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ، وَلَيْسَ الَّذِي وَجَدَ الْمَاءَ بِأَطْهَرَ مِنْهُ، وَلاَ أَتَمَّ صَلاَةً، لأَنَّهُمَا أُمِرَا جَمِيعاً، فَكُلٌّ عَمِلَ بِمَا أَمَرَهُ اللَّهُ بِهِ، وَإِنَّمَا الْعَمَلُ بِمَا أَمَرَ اللَّهُ بِهِ مِنَ الْوُضُوءِ لِمَنْ وَجَدَ الْمَاءَ, وَالتَّيَمُّمِ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَجِدِ الْمَاءَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَدْخُلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ.

 وَقَالَ مَالِكٌ فِي الرَّجُلِ الْجُنُبِ : إِنَّهُ يَتَيَمَّمُ وَيَقْرَأُ حِزْبَهُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ، وَيَتَنَفَّلُ مَا لَمْ يَجِدْ مَاءً، وَإِنَّمَا ذَلِكَ فِي الْمَكَانِ الَّذِي يَجُوزُ لَهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فِيهِ بِالتَّيَمُّمِ.

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his father that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "We went out on a journey with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and, when we came to Bayda' or Dhat al-Jaysh, a necklace of mine broke. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stopped to look for it and the people stopped with him. There was no water nearby and the people were not carrying any with them, so they came to Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said, 'Don't you see what Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) has done? She has made the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and the people stop when there is no water nearby and they are not carrying any with them.' "

Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) continued, "Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  had fallen asleep with his head on my thigh . Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'You have made the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and the people stop when there is no water nearby and they are not carrying any with them ' "

She continued, "Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) remonstrated with me and said whatever Allah willed him to say, and began to poke me in the waist. The only thing that stopped me from moving was that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had his head on my thigh. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  slept until morning found him with no water. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)  sent down the verse of tayammum (An-Nisa - 43) and so they did tayammum. Usayd ibn Hudayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, 'This is not the first baraka from you, O family of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"

Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) added, "We roused the camel I had been on and found the necklace under it."

Malik was asked whether a man who did tayammum for one prayer should do tayammum when the time of the next prayer came or whether the first tayammum was enough. He said, "No, he does tayammum for every prayer, because he has to look for water for every prayer. If he looks for it and does not find it then he does tayammum."

Malik was asked whether a man who did tayammum could lead others in prayer if they were in wudu. He said, "I prefer that someone else should lead them. However, I see no harm in it if he does lead them in prayer."

Yahya said that Malik said that a man who did tayammum because he could not find any water, and then stood and said the takbir and entered into the prayer, and then someone came with some water, did not stop his prayer but completed it with tayammum and did wudu for future prayers.

Yahya said that Malik said, "Whoever rises for prayer and does not find water and so does what Allah has ordered him to do of tayammum has obeyed Allah. Someone who does find water is neither purer than him nor more perfect in prayer, because both have been commanded and each does as Allah has commanded. What Allah has commanded as far as wudu is concerned is for the one who finds water, and tayammum is for the one who does not find water before he enters into the prayer."

Malik said that a man who was in a state of major ritual impurity could do tayammum and read his portion of Qur'an and do voluntary prayers as long as he did not find any water. This applied only to circumstances in which it was allowable to pray with tayammum.

 

CHAPTER (24)

باب الْعَمَلِ فِي التَّيَمُّمِ

How to do dry ablution (Tayammum)

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he were approaching Juruf. When they got to Mirbad, Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) got down and did tayammum with some good earth. He wiped his face, and his arms to the elbows, and then prayed.


Sahih al-Muatta Vol 1, Bk 2, Hadith # 093

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to do tayammum up to his elbows.

Malik was asked about how tayammum was done and what parts were covered and he said, "Strike the ground once for the face and once for the arms and wipe them to the elbows."

 

CHAPTER (25)

باب تَيَمُّمِ الْجُنُبِ

Tayammum for Janabah

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdur Rahman ibn Harmala that a man asked Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about what a man who was junub and had done tayammum should do when he came across water. Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "When he comes across water he must do ghusl for what comes after."

Malik said about some one who had a wet dream while he was on a journey and there was only enough water for wudu and he was not thirsty and so he did not need to use it for that, "Let him wash his genitals, and whatever the semen has fallen on, with the water and then he do tayammum with good earth as Allah has ordered him."

Malik was asked whether a man who was junub and wished to do tayammum but could only find salty earth could do tayammum with that earth, and whether it was disapproved of to pray on salty earth. He said, "There is no harm in praying on salty earth or in using it to do tayammum, because Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has said فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا [and do tayammum with good earth.] (An-Nisa - 43). One is purified by tayammum with everything that is earth, whether it is salty or otherwise."

 

CHAPTER (26)

باب مَا يَحِلُّ لِلرَّجُلِ مِنِ امْرَأَتِهِ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ

What is permitted for a man when his wife in menstruating

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that a man questioned the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  saying, "What is permitted me from my wife when she is menstruating?" The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Let her wrap her waist-wrapper round herself tightly, and then what is above that is your concern."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabia ibn Abi Abd ar-Rahman that on one occasion Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) was sleeping with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in one garment, when suddenly she jumped up sharply. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to her, "What's the matter with you? Are you losing blood?", meaning menstruating. She said, "Yes." He said, "Wrap your waist-wrapper tightly about you, and return to your sleeping place."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi that Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) sent a question to Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) asking her, "May a man fondle his wife when she is menstruating?" She replied, "Let her wrap her waist-wrapper around her lower part and then he may fondle her if he wishes."


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Salim ibn Abdullah and Sulayman ibn Yasar were asked whether the husband of a menstruating woman could have sexual intercourse with her when she saw that she was pure but before she had had a ghusl. They said, "No, not until she has had a ghusl."

 

CHAPTER (27)

باب طُهْرِ الْحَائِضِ

The purity of a menstruating woman

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from AIqama ibn Abi AIqama that his mother, the Mawla of Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  said, "Women used to send little boxes to Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  with a piece of cotton cloth in each one on which was yellowness from menstrual blood, asking her about the prayer.  She said to them, 'Do not be hasty until you see a white discharge." By that she meant purity from menses.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his paternal aunt from the daughter of Zayd ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that she had heard that women used to ask for lamps in the middle of the night to check their purity. She would criticize them for this saying, "Women never used to do this," i.e. in the time of the companions.

Malik was asked whether a woman whose period had finished could do tayammum to purify herself if she could not find water and he said, "Yes, because she is like some one in a state of major ritual impurity, who, if he cannot find water, does tayammum."


Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said that a pregnant woman who noticed bleeding left off from prayer.

 

CHAPTER (28)

باب جَامِعِ الْحَيْضَةِ

Menstruation in general

 

Yahya related to me from Malik that he asked Ibn Shihab about a pregnant woman who noticed bleeding. Ibn Shihab replied, "She refrains from prayer."

Yahya said that Malik said, "That is what is done in our community."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  said, "I used to comb the head of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  while I was menstruating."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Fatima bint al-Mundhir ibn az-Zubayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Asma bint Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "A woman questioned the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  saying, 'If menstrual blood gets onto our clothes how do you think we should deal with it?' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'If menstrual blood gets onto your clothes you should wash them, and sprinkle them with water before you pray in them.' "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "Fatima bint Abu Hubaysh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, 'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I never become pure - am I permitted to pray?' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'That is a vein, not menstruation. So when your period approaches, leave off from the prayer, and when its grip leaves, wash the blood from yourself and pray.' "

 

CHAPTER (29)

باب الْمُسْتَحَاضَةِ

Non-Menstruation bleeding

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi from Sulayman ibn Yasarfrom Ummul Momineen Umm Salma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  that a certain woman in the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to bleed profusely, so Ummul Momineen Umm Salma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) consulted the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  for her, and he said, "She should calculate the number of nights and days a month that she used to menstruate before it started happening, and she should leave off from prayer for that much of the month. When she has completed that she should do ghusl, bind her private parts with a cloth, and then pray."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father from Zaynab bint Abu Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that she saw Zaynab bint Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), the wife of Abd ar-Rahman ibn Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and she used to bleed as if menstruating. She would do ghusl and pray.


Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the Mawla of Abu Bakr ibn Abd ar-Rahman that al-Qaqa ibn Hakim and Zayd ibn Aslam sent him to Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to ask how a woman who was bleeding as if menstruating should do ghusl. Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "She does a ghusl to cover from the end of one period to the end of the next, and does wudu for every prayer, and if bleeding overtakes her she should bind her private parts."


Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa that his father said, "A woman who bleeds as if menstruating, only has to do one ghusl, and then after that she does wudu for each prayer."

Yahya said that Malik said, "The position with us is that when a woman who bleeds as if menstruating starts to do the prayer again, her husband can have sexual intercourse with her. Similarly, if a woman who has given birth sees blood after she has reached the fullest extent that bleeding normally restrains women, her husband can have sexual intercourse with her and she is in the same position as a woman who bleeds as if menstruating."

Yahya said that Malik said, "The position with us concerning a woman who bleeds as if menstruating is founded on the Hadith of Hisham ibn Urwa from his father, and it is what I prefer the most of what I have heard about the matter."

 

CHAPTER (30)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي بَوْلِ الصَّبِيِّ

 What has come for the urine of an infant boy

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that Ummul Momineen A'isha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, "An infant boy was brought to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he urinated on him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called for some water and rubbed over the urine with it."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Utba ibn Masud from Umm Qays ibn Mihsan that she brought a baby boy of hers who was not yet eating food to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and he sat in his arms and urinated on his garment.   So the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called for some water and sprinkled over it but did not wash it.


Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "A Bedouin came into the mosque and uncovered his private parts to urinate. The people called out to him and began to raise their voices but the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said ,'Let him be. 'So they let him be and he urinated. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered a bucketful of water to be brought and it was poured on the place."

 

CHAPTER (31)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي الْبَوْلِ قَائِماً وَغَيْرِهِ

 Urinating standing or otherwise

 

Yahya related to mefrom Malikthat Abdullah ibn Dinar said, "I saw Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) urinating while standing."

Yahya said that Malik was asked if any Hadith had come down about washing the private parts of urine and faeces and he said, "I have heard that some of those who have passed away used to wash themselves of faeces. I like to wash my private parts of urine."

 

CHAPTER (32)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السِّوَاكِ

 What has come for tooth stick (Siwak)

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Ibn as-Sabbaq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said in a Jumua, "Muslims! Allah has made this day a festival day (Eid) so do ghusl, and it will not harm whoever has perfume to apply some of it, and use a tooth-stick . "

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z Zinad from al-Araj from Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Were it not that I would be overburdening my community I would have ordered them to use a tooth-stick."

 

Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Humayd ibn Abdur Rahman ibn Awf that Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "Were it not that he would be overburdening his community he (the Apostle of Allah ﷺ) would have ordered them to use a tooth-stick with each Wudu."

 

 

RELATED READING

 

(i) Sahih Muatta Volume  1

(ii) Sahih Muatta Volume 1.2