CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

SAHIH MUSLIM

 

VOLUME (1.21)

 

BOOK # 4 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة 

 

CHAPTER (11)
باب وُجُوبِ قِرَاءَةِ الْفَاتِحَةِ فِي كُلِّ رَكْعَةٍ وَإِنَّهُ إِذَا لَمْ يُحْسِنِ الْفَاتِحَةَ وَلاَ أَمْكَنَهُ تَعَلُّمُهَا قَرَأَ مَا تَيَسَّرَ لَهُ مِنْ غَيْرِهَا
It is obligatory to recite al-Fatiha in every rak'ah?  If a person cannot recite al-Fatihah Or cannot learn it, then he should recite whatever else he can manage

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 037
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَعَمْرٌو النَّاقِدُ، وَإِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، - قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، - عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ مَحْمُودِ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ صَلاَةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْرَأْ بِفَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

'Ubada bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : He who does not recite Fatiha al-Kitab is not credited with having observed the prayer.

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 038

حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الطَّاهِرِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنِي حَرْمَلَةُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي مَحْمُودُ بْنُ الرَّبِيعِ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ صَلاَةَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَقْتَرِئْ بِأُمِّ الْقُرْآنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ubada bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He who does not recite Umm al-Qur'an (Sura al-Fitiha) is not credited with having observed the prayer.



Mahmud bin al-Rabi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), on whose face the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) squirted water from the well, reported on the authority of 'Ubada bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He who does not recite Umm al-Qur'an is not credited with having observed prayer.


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 040

This hadith has also been transmitted by Ma'mar from al-Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters with the addition of these words : "and something more".

 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur'an, It is deficient (he said this three times) and not complete. It was said to Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : At times we are behind the Imam. He said : Recite it inwardly, for he had heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) declare that Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said : I have divided the prayer into two halves between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks. When the servant says : Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the universe, Allah says: My servant has praised Me. And when he (the servant) says : The Most Compassionate, the Merciful, Allah the Most High says : My servant has lauded Me. And when he (the servant) says: Master of the Day of judgment, He remarks : My servant has glorified Me. and sometimes He would say : My servant entrusted (his affairs) to Me. And when he (the servant) says :We worship You (our servitude is only for You) and we seek help from You only, He (Allah) says: This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for. Then, when he (the servant) says : Lead us (Let us walk) on the straight path; the path of those on whom You have awarded Your bestowal; not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray, He (Allah) says: This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks for.   Sufyan said : 'Ala bin 'Abdur Rahman bin Ya'qub narrated it to me when I went to him and he was confined to his home on account of illness, and I asked him about it.

 

It is naratted on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he had heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : He who observed prayer but he did not recite the Umm al-Qur'an in it, and the rest of the Hadith is the same as transmitted by Sufyan, and in this Hadith the words are :" Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) said: the prayer is divided into two halves between Me and My servant. The half of it is for Me and the half of it is for My servant."

 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: He who said his prayer, but did not recite the opening chapter of al-Kitab, his prayer is incomplete. He repeated it thrice.

 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: One is not credited with having observed the prayer without the recitation (of al-Fatiha). So said Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : (The prayer in which) the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited in a loud voice, we also recited that loudly for you (and the prayer in which) he recited inwardly we also recited inwardly for you (to give you a practical example of the prayer of the Holy Prophet  ﷺ).


Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 045

'Ata' narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said that one should recite (al-Fatiha) in every (rak'ah of) prayer. What we heard (ie. recitation) from the Apostler of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we made you listen to that. And that which he (recited) inwardly, we (recited) inwardly for you. A person said to him: If I add nothing to the (recitation) of the Umm al Qur'an (Surat al-Fatiha), would it make the prayer incomplete? He (Abu Huraira رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: If you add to that (if you recite some of verses of the Qur'an along with Surat at-Fatiha) that is better for you. But if you are contented with it (Surat al-Fatiha) only, it is sufficient for you.

 

'Ata' narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said: Recitation (of Surat al-Fatiha) in every (rak'ah) of prayer is essential. (The recitation) that we listened from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we made you listen to it. And that which he recited inwardly to us, we recited it inwardly for you. And he who recites Umm al-Qur'an, it is enough for him (to complete the prayer), and he who adds to it (recites some other verses of the Holy Qur'an along with Surat al-Fatiha), it is preferable for him.

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered the mosque and a person also entered therein and offered prayer, and then came and paid salutation to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) returned his salutation and said: Go back and pray, for you have not offered the prayer. He again prayed as he had prayed before, and came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and saluted him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) returned the salutation and said: Go back and pray, for you have not offered the prayer. This (act of repeating the prayer) was done three times. Upon this the person said: By Him Who hast sent you with Truth, whatever better I can do than this, please teach me. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: When you get up to pray, recite takbir, and then recite whatever you conveniently can from the Qur'an, then bow down and remain quietly in that position, then raise yourself and stand erect; then prostrate yourself and remain quietly in that position; then raise yourself and sit quietly; and do that during all your prayers.

 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a person entered the mosque and prayed while the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was sitting in a nook (of the mosque), and the rest of the Hadith is the same as mentioned above, but with this addition:" When you get up to pray, perform the ablution completely, and then turn towards the Qibla and recite takbir (Allahu Akbar)."


lmran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us In Zuhr or 'Asr prayer. (On concluding it) he said: Who recited behind me سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى  : (Glorify the name of thy Lord, the Most High)? There upon a person said: It was I, but I intended nothing but goodness. I felt that some one of you was disputing with me in (what I was reciting), said the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 
 
lmran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed the Zuhr prayer and a person recited سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى (Glorify the name of thy Lord, the Most High) behind him. When he (the Prophet ﷺ) concluded the prayer he said : Who among you recited (the above mentioned verse) or who among you was the reciter? A person said: It was I. Upon this he (the Prophet ﷺ) observed: I thought as if someone among you was disputing with me (in what I was reciting).
 
 

This Hadith has been narrated by Qatada with the same chain of transmitters that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observed Zuhr prayer and said : I felt that someone among you was disputing with me (in what I was reciting).

 
 
CHAPTER (13)
باب حُجَّةِ مَنْ قَالَ لاَ يَجْهَرُ بِالْبَسْمَلَةِ ‏
The proof of those who say that the Basmalah should not be recited aloud

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 052
 

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he observed  the prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and with Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم), but  never heard any one of them reciting بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ‏ loudly.

 

Shu'ba reported it with the same chain of transmitters. with the addition of these words : " I said to Qatada: Did you hear it from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? He replied in the affirmative and added: We had inquired of him about it."

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مِهْرَانَ الرَّازِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَوْزَاعِيُّ، عَنْ عَبْدَةَ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، كَانَ يَجْهَرُ بِهَؤُلاَءِ الْكَلِمَاتِ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ تَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ‏.‏ وَعَنْ قَتَادَةَ أَنَّهُ كَتَبَ إِلَيْهِ يُخْبِرُهُ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ خَلْفَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ فَكَانُوا يَسْتَفْتِحُونَ بِـ ‏{‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ‏}‏ لاَ يَذْكُرُونَ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ فِي أَوَّلِ قِرَاءَةٍ وَلاَ فِي آخِرِهَا ‏.‏

 

'Abda narrated that Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite loudly these words : سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ تَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ [Glory to You, O'Allah, and for You is the Praise, and Blessed is Your Name and Exalted is Your Majesty and there is none for worship except You]. Qatada informed in writing that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had narrated to him : I observed prayer behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Abu Bakr and Umar and 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). They started (loud recitation) with : الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [All Praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds] and did not recite بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ (loudly) in the beginning of the recitation or at the end of it.

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مِهْرَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ، أَخْبَرَنِي إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَذْكُرُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

It is reported on the authority of Abu Talha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he had heard Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrating this.

 

CHAPTER (14)
باب حُجَّةِ مَنْ قَالَ الْبَسْمَلَةُ آيَةٌ مِنْ أَوَّلِ كُلِّ سُورَةٍ سِوَى بَرَاءَةَ‏‏
The proof of those who say that   Basmalah is a verse at the beginning of every Surah, except Bara'ah (at-Tawbah)

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 056

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ السَّعْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا الْمُخْتَارُ بْنُ فُلْفُلٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، - وَاللَّفْظُ لَهُ - حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، عَنِ الْمُخْتَارِ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ بَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا إِذْ أَغْفَى إِغْفَاءَةً ثُمَّ رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ مُتَبَسِّمًا فَقُلْنَا مَا أَضْحَكَكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَالَ ‏"‏ أُنْزِلَتْ عَلَىَّ آنِفًا سُورَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَرَأَ ‏"‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏-‏ إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ - فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ - إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الأَبْتَرُ‏‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَتَدْرُونَ مَا الْكَوْثَرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْنَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَإِنَّهُ نَهْرٌ وَعَدَنِيهِ رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَيْهِ خَيْرٌ كَثِيرٌ هُوَ حَوْضٌ تَرِدُ عَلَيْهِ أُمَّتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ آنِيَتُهُ عَدَدُ النُّجُومِ فَيُخْتَلَجُ الْعَبْدُ مِنْهُمْ فَأَقُولُ رَبِّ إِنَّهُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي ‏.‏ فَيَقُولُ مَا تَدْرِي مَا أَحْدَثَتْ بَعْدَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ ابْنُ حُجْرٍ فِي حَدِيثِهِ بَيْنَ أَظْهُرِنَا فِي الْمَسْجِدِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا أَحْدَثَ بَعْدَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ 

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that one day the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was sitting among us that he dozed off.  He then raised his head smilingly. We said : What makes you smile O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? He said : A Sura has just been revealed to me, and then recited -  بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏- إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ- فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ - إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الأَبْتَرُ‏}  [In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate and Most Merciful.  Indeed, We have given you (O' Prophet  ﷺ) Al-Kawthar. So turn to your Lord in prayer and sacrifice. Surely, he who hates you will (surely) be 'Abtar' (cut off from good of both the worlds).] Then he (the Prophet ) said : Do you know what Kauthar is? We said : Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: It (Kauthar) is a canal which my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious, has promised me and there is an abundance of good in it. It is a cistern and my people would come to it on the Day of Resurrection and tumblers there would be equal to the number of stars. A servant would be turned away from (among the people gathered there). Upon this I would say: My Lord, he is one of my people, and He (the Lord) would say : You do not know what (evil) he innovated  after you.  Ibn Hujr made this addition in the Hadith : "He (the Prophet ) was sitting among us in the mosque, and He (Allah) said: (You don't know) what (evil) he innovated after you"

 

Mukhtar bin Fulful narrated that he had heard Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) dozed off, and the rest of the Hadith is the same as transmitted by Mushir except for the words that he (the Prophet ﷺ) said : It (Kauthar) is a canal which my Lord, the Exalted and the Glorious, has promised me in Paradise. There is a tank over it, but he made no mention of the tumblers like the number of the stars.

 

 
CHAPTER (15)
باب وَضْعِ يَدِهِ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى الْيُسْرَى بَعْدَ تَكْبِيرَةِ الإِحْرَامِ تَحْتَ صَدْرِهِ فَوْقَ سُرَّتِهِ وَوَضْعِهِمَا فِي السُّجُودِ عَلَى الأَرْضِ حَذْوَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ
The placing of the right hand over the left hand after the first takbir in Prayer  below the chest and above the navel and then placing them opposite the shoulders in prostration

 

Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 058

Wa'il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raising his hands at the time of beginning the prayer and reciting takbir, and according to Hammam (the narrator), the hands were lifted opposite to ears. He (the Prophet ﷺ) then wrapped his hands in his cloth and placed his right hand over his left hand. And when he was about to bow down, he brought out his hands from the cloth, and then lifted them, and then recited takbir and bowed down and when (he came back to the erect position) he recited -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listened to him who praised Him.] And when he prostrated, he prostrated between his two palms.


حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَإِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ إِسْحَاقُ أَخْبَرَنَا وَقَالَ الآخَرَانِ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ كُنَّا نَقُولُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ خَلْفَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم السَّلاَمُ عَلَى اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى فُلاَنٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّلاَمُ فَإِذَا قَعَدَ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلْيَقُلِ التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَإِذَا قَالَهَا أَصَابَتْ كُلَّ عَبْدٍ لِلَّهِ صَالِحٍ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ يَتَخَيَّرُ مِنَ الْمَسْأَلَةِ مَا شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Mas`ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that while observing prayer behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we used to recite : [Peace be upon Allah, peace be upon so and so. One day the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to us : Verily Allah is Himself Peace. When any one of you sits during the prayer, he should say -  التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ [All services rendered by words, by acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah's upright servants].  When he says this, it reaches every upright servant in the heavens and the earth. (And say further) -  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ [I testify that there is no god but Allah and I testify that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is His servant and Apostle. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، وَابْنُ، بَشَّارٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، بِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ مِثْلَهُ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ ‏ "‏ ثُمَّ يَتَخَيَّرُ مِنَ الْمَسْأَلَةِ مَا شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Shu'ba has narrated this on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of transmitters, but he made no mention of this : "Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him."

 
Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 061
 

This Hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansur (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with the same chain of transmitters and he made a mention of this : "Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him or which he likes."


 Sahih Muslim Vol 1, Bk 4, Hadith # 062

Abdullah bin Mas`ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that We were sitting with the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in prayer, and the rest of the Hadith is the same as narrated by Mansur (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) He (also said) : After (reciting tashahud) he may choose any prayer.


وَحَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سَيْفُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مُجَاهِدًا، يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَخْبَرَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ مَسْعُودٍ، يَقُولُ عَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم التَّشَهُّدَ كَفِّي بَيْنَ كَفَّيْهِ كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنِي السُّورَةَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏.‏ وَاقْتَصَّ التَّشَهُّدَ بِمِثْلِ مَا اقْتَصُّوا ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Mas`ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is reported to have said :  The Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught me tashahhud taking my hand within his palms, in the same way as he taught me a Sura of the Qur'an, and he narrated it as narrated above.

 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا لَيْثٌ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رُمْحِ بْنِ الْمُهَاجِرِ، أَخْبَرَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، وَعَنْ طَاوُسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَلِّمُنَا التَّشَهُّدَ كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنَا السُّورَةَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ فَكَانَ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ التَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَفِي رِوَايَةِ ابْنِ رُمْحٍ كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنَا الْقُرْآنَ ‏.‏

Ibn `Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to teach us tashahhud just as he used to teach us a Surah of the Qur'an, and he would say -  ‏ التَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ [All services rendered by words, acts of worship, and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah's upright servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is the Apostle of Allah.]  In the narration of Ibn Rumh (the words are): "As he would teach us the Qur'an."


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ طَاوُسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُعَلِّمُنَا التَّشَهُّدَ كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنَا السُّورَةَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ‏.‏

Tawus narrated it on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said: The Apostle of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to teach us tashahhud as he would teach us a Sura of the Qur'an.

 

Hattan bin Abdullah al-Raqashi reported that he observed prayer with Abu Musa al-Ash`ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and when he was in the qa`dah, one among the people said - أُقِرَّتِ الصَّلاَةُ بِالْبِرِّ وَالزَّكَاةِ [The prayer has been made obligatory along with piety and Zakat]. He (the narrator) said: When Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had finished the prayer after salutation he turned (towards the people) and said: Who amongst you said such and such a thing? A hush fell on the people. He again said: Who amongst you has said such and such a thing? A hush fell on the people. He (Abu Musa رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: Hattan, it is perhaps you that have uttered it. He (Hattan) said No. I have not uttered it. I was afraid that you might be annoyed with me on account of this. A person amongst the people said: It was I who said it, and in this I intended nothing but good. Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: Don't you know what you have to recite in your prayers? Verily the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) addressed us and explained to us all its aspects and taught us how to observe prayer (properly). He (the Holy Prophet ﷺ) said: When you pray make your rows straight and let anyone amongst you act as your Imam. Recite the takbir when he recites it and when he recites - غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ [ not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray ], say: Amin. Allah would respond to you. And when he (the Imam) recites the takbir, you may also recite the takbir, for the Imam bows before you and raises himself before you. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: The one is equivalent to the other. And when he says - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him], you should say - اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ [O Allah, our Lord, to You be the praise], for Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has vouchsafed (us) through the tongue of His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that Allah listens to him who praises Him. And when he (the Imam) recites the takbir and prostrates, you should also recite the takbir and prostrate, for the Imam prostrates before you and raises himself before you. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: The one is equivalent to the other. And when he (the Imam) sits for Qa`da (for tashahhud) the first words of every one amongst you should be - التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ  [All services rendered by words, acts of worship and all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Apostle, and Allah's mercy and blessings. Peace be upon us and upon the upright servants of Allah. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Apostle.]

 

Qatada has narrated a Hadith like this with another chain of transmitters. In the Hadith transmitted by Jarir on the authority of Sulaiman, Qatada's further words are: When (the Qur'an) is recited (in prayer), you should observe silence, and (the following words are) not found in the Hadith narrated by anyone except by Abu Kamil who heard it from Abu 'Awina (and the words are): Verily Allah vouchsafed through the tongue of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) this: Allah listens to him who praises Him. Abu Ishaq (a student of Imam Muslim) said: Abu Bakr the son of Abu Nadr's sister has (critically) discussed this Hadith. Imam Muslim said: Whom can you find a more authentic transmitter of Hadith than Sulaiman? Abu Bakr said to him (Imam Muslim): What about the Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), i.e. the Hadith that when the Qur'an is recited (in prayer) observe silence? He (Abu Bakr again) said: Then, why have you not included it (in your compilation)? He (Imam Muslim) said: I have not included in this every Hadith which I deem authentic; I have recorded only such Ahadith on which there is an agreement (amongst the Muhaddithin apart from their being authentic).

 

This Hadith has been transmitted by Qatada with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are): "Allah, the Exalted and the Glorious, commanded it through the tongue of His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم): Allah listens to him who praises Him."


حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ يَحْيَى التَّمِيمِيُّ، قَالَ قَرَأْتُ عَلَى مَالِكٍ عَنْ نُعَيْمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْمُجْمِرِ، أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، - وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ هُوَ الَّذِي كَانَ أُرِيَ النِّدَاءَ بِالصَّلاَةِ - أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ قَالَ أَتَانَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَنَحْنُ فِي مَجْلِسِ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ فَقَالَ لَهُ بَشِيرُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ أَمَرَنَا اللَّهُ تَعَالَى أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ فَسَكَتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى تَمَنَّيْنَا أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَسْأَلْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قُولُوا ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ‏.‏ وَالسَّلاَمُ كَمَا قَدْ عَلِمْتُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Zaid (he who was shown the call for prayer in a dream) narrated it on the authority of Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said:  We were sitting in the company of Sa'id bin 'Ubida (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us. Bashir bin S'ad said: Allah has commanded us to bless you O'Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! But how should we bless you? He (the narrator) said: The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept quiet (and we were so much perturbed over his silence) that we wished we had not asked him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then said, say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ فِي الْعَالَمِينَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ  [O' Allah, bless Mohammad and the members of his household as You did bless the members of Ibrahim's household,  grant favors to Muhammad and the members of his household as You did grant favors to the members of the household of Ibrahim in the world. You are indeed Praiseworthy and Glorious]; and salutation as you know.


حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّار - وَاللَّفْظُ لاِبْنِ الْمُثَنَّى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ أَبِي لَيْلَى، قَالَ لَقِيَنِي كَعْبُ بْنُ عُجْرَةَ فَقَالَ أَلاَ أُهْدِي لَكَ هَدِيَّةً خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْنَا قَدْ عَرَفْنَا كَيْفَ نُسَلِّمُ عَلَيْكَ فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ibn Abi Laila narrated that Ka'b bin 'Ujra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) met him and said: Should I not offer you a present (and added): The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us and we said: We have learnt how to invoke peace upon you; (kindly tell us) how we should bless you. He (the Prophet ) said: Say: "O Allah, bless Muhammad and his family as You did bless the family of Ibrahim. Verily You are Praiseworthy and Glorious. And grant favors to Muhammad and the members of his household as You did grant favors to the members of the household of Ibrahim in the world. You are indeed Praiseworthy and Glorious. ]


حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَأَبُو كُرَيْبٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، وَمِسْعَرٍ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، بِهَذَا الإِسْنَادِ مِثْلَهُ ‏.‏ وَلَيْسَ فِي حَدِيثِ مِسْعَرٍ أَلاَ أُهْدِي لَكَ هَدِيَّةً

A Hadith like this has been narrated by Mis'ar on the authority of al-Hakam, but in the Hadith transmitted by Mis'ar these words are not found: "Should I not offer you a present?"