CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.1)

 

BOOK # 1 - PURIFICATION

كتاب الطهارة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 083
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ، - مِنْ آلِ ابْنِ الأَزْرَقِ - أَنَّ الْمُغِيرَةَ بْنَ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ، - وَهُوَ مِنْ بَنِي عَبْدِ الدَّارِ - أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا نَرْكَبُ الْبَحْرَ وَنَحْمِلُ مَعَنَا الْقَلِيلَ مِنَ الْمَاءِ فَإِنْ تَوَضَّأْنَا بِهِ عَطِشْنَا أَفَنَتَوَضَّأُ بِمَاءِ الْبَحْرِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ هُوَ الطَّهُورُ مَاؤُهُ الْحِلُّ مَيْتَتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : A man asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we travel on the sea and take a small quantity of water with us. If we use this for ablution, we would suffer from thirst. Can we perform ablution with sea water? The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied : Its water is pure and what dies in it is lawful food.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 084
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادٌ، وَسُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ أَبِي فَزَارَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي زَيْدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَهُ لَيْلَةَ الْجِنِّ ‏"‏ مَا فِي إِدَاوَتِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَبِيذٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ تَمْرَةٌ طَيِّبَةٌ وَمَاءٌ طَهُورٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَقَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ عَنْ أَبِي زَيْدٍ أَوْ زَيْدٍ كَذَا قَالَ شَرِيكٌ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ هَنَّادٌ لَيْلَةَ الْجِنِّ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Abu Zayd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) quoted Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as saying that on the night when the jinn listened to the Qur'an the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: What is in your skin vessel? He said : I have some nabidh. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : It consists of fresh dates and pure water.

Sulayman ibn Dawud reported the same version of this tradition on the authority of Abu Zayd or Zayd.  But Sharik said that Hammad did not mention the words "night of the jinn".

 
 
Narrated Alqamah : I asked 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Which of you was in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the night when the jinn attended him?  He replied : None of us was with him.
 
 
 
It is reported that Ata did not approve of performing ablution with milk and nabidh and said : tayammum is more my liking (than performing ablution with milk and nabidh).
 
 
 
Narrated Abu Khaldah : I asked Abu'l Aliyah whether a person who is junub and has no water with him, but has only nabidh, can wash with it? He replied in the negative.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 088
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الأَرْقَمِ، أَنَّهُ خَرَجَ حَاجًّا أَوْ مُعْتَمِرًا وَمَعَهُ النَّاسُ وَهُوَ يَؤُمُّهُمْ فَلَمَّا كَانَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ أَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ صَلاَةَ الصُّبْحِ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِيَتَقَدَّمْ أَحَدُكُمْ ‏.‏ وَذَهَبَ إِلَى الْخَلاَءِ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَحَدُكُمْ أَنْ يَذْهَبَ الْخَلاَءَ وَقَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلْيَبْدَأْ بِالْخَلاَءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى وُهَيْبُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ وَشُعَيْبُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ وَأَبُو ضَمْرَةَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ وَالأَكْثَرُ الَّذِينَ رَوَوْهُ عَنْ هِشَامٍ قَالُوا كَمَا قَالَ زُهَيْرٌ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn al-Arqam : Urwah reported on the authority of his father that Abdullah ibn al-Arqam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) traveled for performing Hajj  or Umrah. He was accompanied by the people whom he led in prayer. One day when he was leading them in the dawn (fajr) prayer, he said to them: One of you should come forward. He then went away to relieve himself. He said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: When any of you feels the need of relieving himself while the congregational prayer is ready, he should go to relieve himself.


 
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Muhammad : We were in the company of Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). When her food was brought in, al-Qasim  stood up to offer his prayer. Thereupon, Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: Prayer should not be offered in presence of meals, nor at the moment when one is struggling with two evils (when one is feeling the call of nature.)
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 090

Narrated Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Three things, one is not allowed to do. (i) Supplicating Allah specifically for himself and ignoring others while leading people in prayer; if he did so, he deceived them. (ii)  Looking inside a house before taking permission. If he did so, it is as if he entered the house. (iii) Offering prayer while one is feeling the call of nature until one eases oneself.


Narrated Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : It is not permissible for a man who believes in Allah and in the Last Day that he should offer the prayer while he is feeling the call of nature until he becomes light (by relieving himself).

Then the narrator Thawr bin Yazid transmitted a similar tradition with the following wordings : "It is not permissible for a man who believes in Allah and in the Last Day that he should lead the people in prayer but with their permission; and that he should not supplicate to Allah exclusively for himself leaving all others. If he did so, he violated trust."

Imam Abu Dawud said : This is a tradition reported by the narrators of Syria; no other person has joined them in relating this tradition.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 092
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ شَيْبَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَغْتَسِلُ بِالصَّاعِ وَيَتَوَضَّأُ بِالْمُدِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ أَبَانُ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ صَفِيَّةَ ‏.‏

Narrated Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to wash himself with a sa' (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water).

Abu Dawud said : This tradition has also been narrated by Aban on the authority of Qatadah. In this version he said : "I heard Ummul Momineen Safiyyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)."

 

Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to take a bath with a sa' (of water) and perform ablution with a mudd (of water)

 

 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 094

Narrated Umm Umarah : Habib al-Ansari reported: I heard Abbad ibn Tamim who reported on the authority of my grandmother, Umm Umarah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), saying: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to perform ablution. A vessel containing 2/3 mudd of water was brought to him.

 

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution with a vessel which contained two rotls (of water) and took a bath with a sa’ (of water). (one rotl equals about half litre).

Imam Abu Dawud Said : This tradition has berated on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain. This version mentions : “He performed ablution with one makkuk. “It makes no mention of two rotls. 

Imam Abu Dawud said : This tradition has also been narrated by Yahya bin Adam from Sharik. But this chain mentions Ibn Jabr bin Atik instead of Abd Allah bin Jabr.

Imam Abu Dawud Said : This tradition has also been narrated by Sufyan from Abdullah bin ‘Isa. This chain mentions the name Jabr bin Abdullah  instead of Abdullah bin Jabr.

Imam Abu Dawud Said : I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal say : one sa’ measures five rotls (one rotl equals about half liter). It was the sa’ of Ibn Abi Dhi’b and also of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 096
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ الْجُرَيْرِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي نَعَامَةَ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ مُغَفَّلٍ، سَمِعَ ابْنَهُ، يَقُولُ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْقَصْرَ الأَبْيَضَ عَنْ يَمِينِ الْجَنَّةِ، إِذَا دَخَلْتُهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَىْ بُنَىَّ سَلِ اللَّهَ الْجَنَّةَ وَتَعَوَّذْ بِهِ مِنَ النَّارِ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ فِي هَذِهِ الأُمَّةِ قَوْمٌ يَعْتَدُونَ فِي الطُّهُورِ وَالدُّعَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Abdullah heard his son praying to Allah : O Allah, I ask Thee a white palace on the right of Paradise when I enter it. He said : O my son, ask Allah for Paradise and seek refuge in Him from Hell-Fire, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: In this community there will be some people who will exceed the limits in purification as well as in supplication.


 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 097
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا مَنْصُورٌ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَأَى قَوْمًا وَأَعْقَابُهُمْ تَلُوحُ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ وَيْلٌ لِلأَعْقَابِ مِنَ النَّارِ أَسْبِغُوا الْوُضُوءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw some people (performing ablution) while their heels were dry. He then said : Woe to the heels because of Hell. Perform the ablution in full.
 
 

CHAPTER (47)

باب الْوُضُوءِ فِي آنِيَةِ الصُّفْرِ

What is proper and thorough Wudu
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 098
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، أَخْبَرَنِي صَاحِبٌ، لِي عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، أَنَّ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كُنْتُ أَغْتَسِلُ أَنَا وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ، صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي تَوْرٍ مِنْ شَبَهٍ ‏.‏

Narrated Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : I and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to take bath with a brass vessel.

 
 
This tradition has also been narrated on the authority of Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) through a different chain.

Narrated Abdullah ibn Zayd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came upon us. We brought water for him in a brass vessel and he performed ablution.

 

CHAPTER (48)

باب التَّسْمِيَةِ عَلَى الْوُضُوءِ

Saying Bismillah when starting Wudu
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ صَلاَةَ لِمَنْ لاَ وُضُوءَ لَهُ وَلاَ وُضُوءَ لِمَنْ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ اسْمَ اللَّهِ تَعَالَى عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The prayer of a person who does not perform ablution is not valid, and the ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah (in the beginning) is not valid.


 
Explaining the tradition of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that the ablution of a person who does not mention the name of Allah is valid, Rabi’ah said : this tradition means that if a person performs ablution and takes a bath but does not have the intention to perform ablution for prayer and purify himself from Junub, his ablution or bath is not valid.
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 103
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي رَزِينٍ، وَأَبِي، صَالِحٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا قَامَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَلاَ يَغْمِسْ يَدَهُ فِي الإِنَاءِ حَتَّى يَغْسِلَهَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَدْرِي أَيْنَ بَاتَتْ يَدُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When anyone among you wakes up from sleep at night, he should not put his hand in the utensil until he has washed his hand three times, for he does’ not know where his hand was during the night.
 

 
This Tradition has been reported by Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through another chain of transmitters. It adds : “ twice or thrice.” This version does not mention Abu Razin.
 
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : When any of you wakes up from sleep, he should not put his hand in the utensil until he washes it three times, for none of you knows where his hand remained during the night or where it went round.
 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 106
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ الْحُلْوَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، عَنْ حُمْرَانَ بْنِ أَبَانَ، مَوْلَى عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ تَوَضَّأَ فَأَفْرَغَ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا فَغَسَلَهُمَا ثُمَّ تَمَضْمَضَ وَاسْتَنْثَرَ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا وَغَسَلَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ مَسَحَ رَأْسَهُ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ قَدَمَهُ الْيُمْنَى ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ الْيُسْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ مِثْلَ وُضُوئِي هَذَا ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ مِثْلَ وُضُوئِي هَذَا ثُمَّ صَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ لاَ يُحَدِّثُ فِيهِمَا نَفْسَهُ غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ مَا تَقَدَّمَ مِنْ ذَنْبِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Humran bin Abban, the freed slave of Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), said : I saw  Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) while he performed ablution. He poured water over his hands three times and then washed them. He then rinsed his mouth and then cleansed his nose with water (three times). He then washed his right arm up to the elbow three times, then washed his left arm in a similar manner; then wiped his head; then washed his right foot three times, then washed his left foot in a similar manner, and then said : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution like this ablution of mine. Then he (the Prophet ) said : He who performs ablution like this ablution of mine and then offered two raka without allowing his thoughts to be distracted, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will pardon all his past sins.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 107
 
Humran said : I saw Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) performing ablution. He then narrated the same tradition. In this version there is no mention of rinsing the mouth and snuffing up water. This traditions adds : “He wiped his head three times. He then washed his feet three times. He then said : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution in like manner. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: He who performs ablution less than this, it is sufficient for him. The narrator did not mention prayer (in this version).
 

Abdur Rahman al-TamiI reported : Ibn Abi Mulaikah was asked about ablution. He said : I saw Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was asked about ablution. He called for water. A vessel was then brought to him. He inclined it towards his right hand (poured water upon it). He then put it in the water three times, and washed his face three times. He then put his hand in the water and took it out; then he wiped his head and ears, in and out only once. He then washed his feet, and said : Where are those who asked me to perform ablution? I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution like that.

Abu Dawud said : All the sound traditions narrated by Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) indicated that the head is to be wiped once, because they mentioned (the washing of each part in) ablution three times. In their versions of tradition they mentioned the wordings: “he wiped his head.” In this case they did not mention any number as they did in other cases.

 

 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 109
 
Abu Alqamah said that Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called for water and performed ablution. He then poured water with the right hand or the left hand ; he then washed them up to the wrist ; he then rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water three times. The narrator mentioned that Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) washed each part three times. He then wiped head and washed his feet. He said : I saw the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution as you saw me perform ablution. He then reported the tradition like that of az-Zuhrl and completed it.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ شَقِيقِ بْنِ جَمْرَةَ، عَنْ شَقِيقِ بْنِ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ عَفَّانَ غَسَلَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا وَمَسَحَ رَأْسَهُ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَلَ هَذَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ وَكِيعٌ عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ قَالَ تَوَضَّأَ ثَلاَثًا فَقَطْ ‏.‏

Shaqiq bin Salamah said : I saw  Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) perform ablution. He washed his forearms three times and wiped his head thrice. He then said : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) doing like that.

Imam Abu Dawud said another version says , he performed ablution three times only.

 

Abdu Khayr reported that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came upon us and he had already offered prayer. He called for water. We asked : What will you do with water when you have already offered prayer? Perhaps to teach us. A utensil containing water and a wash basin were brought (to him).

He poured water from the utensil on his right hand and washed both his hands three times, rinsed the mouth, snuffed up water and cleansed the nose three times. He then rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water with the same hand by which he took water. He then washed his face three times, and washed his right hand three times and washed his left hand three times. He then put his hand in water and wiped his head once.

He then washed his right foot thrice and left foot thrice, then said : If one is pleased to know the method of performing ablution of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), this is how he did it.

 
 
Abd Khair said that all offered the dawn prayer and went to Rahbah (a locality in Kufah). He (Hadhrat Aliؓ ) called for water. A boy brought him a vessel containing water and a wash-basin. He held the vessel with his right hand and poured water over his left hand. He washed both of his hands (to the wrist) three times. He then put his right hand in the vessel ( to take water) and rinsed his mouth three times and snuffed up water three times. He then narrated almost the same tradition as narrated by Abu Awanah. He then wiped his head, both its front and back sides, once. He then narrated the tradition in like manner.
 
 
 
Malik bin Ghurfatah said I heard Abd Khair say : I saw a chair was brought to Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who sat on it. A vessel of water was then brought to him. He washed his hands three times; he then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water with one handful of water. He narrated the tradition completely.
 
 
 
Zirr bin Hubaish said that the heard that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was asked how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform ablution. He then narrated the tradition and said : he wiped his head so much so that drops (of water) were about to trickle down. He then washed his feet three times and said : This is how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablutions.
 
 
 
Abdur Rahman bin Abi Laila says : I saw Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) performing ablution. He washed his face three times and his hands three times and wiped his head once. Then he (Hadhrat Aliؓ ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform ablution in this way.
 
 
 
Abu Hayyah said : I saw Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) perform ablution. He (Abu Hayyah) then described that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) went through every part of the ablution three times, i.e. he performed each action of his ablution three times. He then wiped his head, then washed his feet up to the ankles. He then said : I wanted to show you how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution.
 
 

Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) entered upon and  called for water for ablution. We brought to him a vessel containing water, and placed it before him. He said : O Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), may I not show you how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform ablution? I replied : Why not? He then inclined the vessel to his hand and washed it. He then put his right hand in the vessel and poured water over the other hand and washed his hands up to the wrist. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water. He then put both of his hands together in the water and took out a handful of water and threw it upon the face. He then inserted both of his thumbs in the front part of the ears. He did like that twice and thrice. He then took a handful of water and poured it over his forehead and left it running down his face. He then washed his forearms up to the elbow three times. He then wiped his head and the back of his ears. He then put both of his hands together in the water and took a handful of it and threw it on his foot. He had a shoe foot like that. Do you wash your foot while it is in the shoe? He replied : Yes, while it is in the shoe. This question and answer were repeated thrice.

Abu Dawud said : The version transmitted by Ibn Juraij from Shaibah is similar to the one narrated by Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). In this version Hajjaj reported on the authority of Ibn Juraij the wording: He wiped his head once. Ibn Wahb narrated from Ibn Juraij the wording : he wiped his head three times.
 
 
 
Amr bin Yahya al-Mazini reports on the authority of his father who asked  Abd Allah b Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the grandfather of ‘Amr b. Yahya al-Mazini : Can you show me how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution?  Abd Allah bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) replied : Yes. He called for ablution water, poured it over his hands, and washed them; then he rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water in the nose three times; then he washed his face three times and washed his forearms up to elbow twice; then he wiped his head with both hands, moving them front and back of the head, beginning from his forehead, and moved them to the nape; then he pulled them back to the place from where he had started (wiping); then he washed his feet.
 
 
 
Abdullah bin Zaid bin Asim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported this tradition saying : He rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water from one hand, doing that three times.
 
 
 
Habban bin Wasi reported on the authority of his father who heard Abd Allah b. Zaid al-Asim al-Mazini (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say that he saw the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution. He then described his ablution saying : He wiped his head with water which was not what was left over after washing his hands (he wiped his head with clean water); then he washed his feet until he cleansed them.
 
 

Narrated Al-Miqdam ibn Ma'dikarib al-Kindi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The ablution water was brought to the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he performed ablution; he washed his hands up to wrists three times, then washed his forearms three times. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water three times; then he wiped his head and ears inside and outside.

 
Al-Miqdam b. Madikarib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) perform ablution. When he reached the stage of wiping his head, he placed his palms on the front of the head. Then he moved them until he reached the nape. He then returned them to the place from where he had started.
 
 
 
Another version says : He (the Prophet ﷺ) wiped his ears inside and outside. Hisham adds : He inserted his fingers in the ear holes.
 
 

Abul Azhar al-Mughirah ibn Farwah and Yazid ibn Abu Malik reported : Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) performed ablution before the people, as he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution. When he reached the stage of wiping his head, he took a handful of water and poured it with his left hand over the middle of his head so much so that drops of water came down or almost came down. Then he wiped (his head) from its front to its back and from its back to its front.

 
 
Another version says : He performed each part of the ablution three times and washed his feet times without number.
 
 

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Mu'awwidh ibn Afra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to come to us. He once said : Pour ablution water for me. She then described how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution saying : He washed his hands up to wrist three times and washed his face three times, and rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water once. Then he washed his forearms three times and wiped his head twice beginning from the back of his head, then wiped its front. He wiped his ears outside and inside. Then he washed his feet three times.

Abu Dawud said : The tradition narrated by Musaddad carries the same meaning.


 
Ibn Uqail reported this tradition with a slight change of wording. In his tradition he said : He (the Prophet ﷺ) rinsed his mouth three times and snuffed up water three times.
 
 
 
Al-Rubayyi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Mu’awwidh bin ‘Afra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution in her presence. He wiped the whole of his head from its upper to the lower part moving every side. He did not move the hair from their original position.
 
 
 
Al-Rubayyi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Mu’awwidh bin Afra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing ablution. He wiped his head front and back, his temples and his ears once.
 
 
 
Al-Rubayyi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped his head with water which was left over in his hand.
 

Narrated Ar-Rubayyi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Mu'awwidh ibn Afra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution. He inserted his two fingers in the ear holes.

 

Narrated Talhah ibn Musarrif (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiping his head once up to his nape.

Musaddad reported : He (the Apostle ﷺ) wiped his head from front to back until he moved his hands from beneath the ears.

ImamAbu Dawud said : I heard Ahmad say : People thought that Ibn 'Uyainah had considered it to be munkar (rejected) and said: What is this chain : Talhah, his father,  his grandfather ?

 

Sa'id ibn Jubayr reported : Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution. He narrated the tradition which says that he (the Prophet ﷺ) performed each detail of ablution three times. He wiped his head and ears once.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 134

 Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) mentioned how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution, saying that he used to wipe the corners of his eyes, and he said that the ears are treated as part of the head.

Sulaiman bin Harb said : the wording "the ears are treated as part of the head" were uttered by Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

Hammad said : I do not know whether the phrase "the ears are treated as part of the head" was he statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) or of Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).


CHAPTER (51)

باب الْوُضُوءِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا

Performing the actions of Wudu three times each
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 135
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أَبِي عَائِشَةَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، أَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ كَيْفَ الطُّهُورُ فَدَعَا بِمَاءٍ فِي إِنَاءٍ فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ غَسَلَ ذِرَاعَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ مَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ فَأَدْخَلَ إِصْبَعَيْهِ السَّبَّاحَتَيْنِ فِي أُذُنَيْهِ وَمَسَحَ بِإِبْهَامَيْهِ عَلَى ظَاهِرِ أُذُنَيْهِ وَبِالسَّبَّاحَتَيْنِ بَاطِنَ أُذُنَيْهِ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ رِجْلَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ هَكَذَا الْوُضُوءُ فَمَنْ زَادَ عَلَى هَذَا أَوْ نَقَصَ فَقَدْ أَسَاءَ وَظَلَمَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ ‏"‏ ظَلَمَ وَأَسَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al'Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : A man came to the Prophet () and asked him : Apostle of Allah, how is the ablution (to performed).  He (the Prophet ﷺ) then called for water in a vessel and washed his hands up to the wrists three times, then washed his face three times, and washed his forearms three times. He then wiped his head and inserted both his index fingers in his ear holes; he wiped the back of his ears with his thumbs and the front of his ears with the index fingers. He then washed his feet three times.

Then he said : This is how ablution should be performed. If anyone does more or less than this, he has done wrong and transgressed, or (said) transgressed and done wrong.

 

CHAPTER (52)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مَرَّتَيْنِ

Performing the actions of Wudu two times each
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 136
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْحُبَابِ - حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ ثَوْبَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْفَضْلِ الْهَاشِمِيُّ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ ‏

Narrated Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) washed the limbs in ablution twice.

 
 
Ata bin Yasar quoting Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Do you like that I should show you how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution? He then called for a vessel of water and took out a handful of water with his right hand. He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water. He then took out another handful of water and washed his face by both his hands together. He then took out another handful of water and washed his right hand and then washed his left hand by taking out another. He then took out some water and shook off his hand and wiped his head and ears with it. He then took out a handful of water and sprinkled it over his right foot in his shoe and wiped the upper part of the foot with his one hand, and beneath the shoe with his other hand. He then did the same with his left foot.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 138
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، حَدَّثَنِي زَيْدُ بْنُ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ أَلاَ أُخْبِرُكُمْ بِوُضُوءِ، رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَتَوَضَّأَ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً ‏.‏
 
Ata bin Yasar quoting Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : May I not tell you how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution? He then performed ablution washing each limb once only.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 139
 
حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعْتَمِرٌ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ لَيْثًا، يَذْكُرُ عَنْ طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ - يَعْنِي - عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يَتَوَضَّأُ وَالْمَاءُ يَسِيلُ مِنْ وَجْهِهِ وَلِحْيَتِهِ عَلَى صَدْرِهِ فَرَأَيْتُهُ يَفْصِلُ بَيْنَ الْمَضْمَضَةِ وَالاِسْتِنْشَاقِ ‏.‏

Narrated Grandfather of Talhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I entered upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was performing ablution, and the water was running down his face and beard to his chest. I saw him rinsing his mouth and snuffing up water separately.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 140
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَجْعَلْ فِي أَنْفِهِ مَاءً ثُمَّ لْيَنْثُرْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: When any of you performs ablution, he should snuff up water in his nose and eject mucus.
 
 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Cleanse your nose well (after snuffing up water) twice or thrice.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 142

Narrated Laqit ibn Sabirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I was the leader of the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq or (the narrator doubted) I was among the delegation of Banu al-Muntafiq that came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). When we reached the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we did not find him in his house. We found Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). She ordered that a dish called Khazirah should be prepared for us. It was then prepared. A tray containing dates was then presented to us. (The narrator Qutaybah did not mention the word qina', tray).

Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came. He asked: Has anything been served to you or ordered for you? We replied : Yes, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). While we were sitting in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we suddenly saw that a shepherd was driving a herd of sheep to their fold.  He had with him a newly-born lamb that was crying.

He (the Prophet ﷺ) asked him : What did it bear, O so and so? He replied : A ewe. He then said : Slaughter for us in its place a sheep. Do not think that we are slaughtering it for you. We have one hundred sheep and we do not want their number to increase. Whenever a ewe is born, we slaughter a sheep in its place.

(The narrator says that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used the word la tahsabanna, do not think).

I (the narrator Laqit) then said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I have a wife who has something (wrong) in her tongue (she is insolent). He said : Then divorce her. I said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), she had company with me and I have children from her. He said : Then ask her (to obey you). If there is something good in her, she will do so (obey); and do not beat your wife as you beat your slave-girl.

I said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), tell me about ablution. He said : Perform ablution in full and make the fingers go through the beard and snuff with water well except when you are fasting.

 

 
Laqit bin Sabirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he was the leader of Banu al-Muntafiq tribe. He came to Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). He then narrated the tradition in a similar manner. He said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then came shortly with rapid strides inclining forward. The narrator used the word ‘asidah (name of a dish) in this version instead of Khazirah.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 144
 
The version of Ibn Juraij has the wording : “If you perform ablution, then rinse your mouth.”
 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 145
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ، - يَعْنِي الرَّبِيعَ بْنَ نَافِعٍ - حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْمَلِيحِ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ زَوْرَانَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ يَعْنِي ابْنَ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَخَذَ كَفًّا مِنْ مَاءٍ فَأَدْخَلَهُ تَحْتَ حَنَكِهِ فَخَلَّلَ بِهِ لِحْيَتَهُ وَقَالَ ‏ "‏ هَكَذَا أَمَرَنِي رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ ابْنُ زَوْرَانَ رَوَى عَنْهُ حَجَّاجُ بْنُ حَجَّاجٍ وَأَبُو الْمَلِيحِ الرَّقِّيُّ ‏.‏

Narrated Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Whenever the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution, he took a handful of water, and, putting it under his chin, made it go through his beard, saying : Thus did my Lord command me.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 146
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ ثَوْرٍ، عَنْ رَاشِدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، قَالَ بَعَثَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَرِيَّةً فَأَصَابَهُمُ الْبَرْدُ فَلَمَّا قَدِمُوا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يَمْسَحُوا عَلَى الْعَصَائِبِ وَالتَّسَاخِينِ ‏.‏

Narrated Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent out an expedition. They were affected by cold. When they returned to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), he commanded them to wipe over turbans and stockings.

 

Narrated Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I saw the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) perform ablution. He had a Qutri turban. He inserted his hand beneath the turban and wiped over the forelock, and did not untie the turban.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 148
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ لَهِيعَةَ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْحُبُلِيِّ، عَنِ الْمُسْتَوْرِدِ بْنِ شَدَّادٍ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ يَدْلُكُ أَصَابِعَ رِجْلَيْهِ بِخِنْصَرِهِ ‏.‏

Narrated Al-Mustawrid ibn Shaddad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) rubbing his toes with his little finger when he performed ablution.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 149
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبَّادُ بْنُ زِيَادٍ، أَنَّ عُرْوَةَ بْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ أَبَاهُ الْمُغِيرَةَ، يَقُولُ عَدَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَنَا مَعَهُ فِي غَزْوَةِ تَبُوكَ قَبْلَ الْفَجْرِ فَعَدَلْتُ مَعَهُ فَأَنَاخَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَتَبَرَّزَ ثُمَّ جَاءَ فَسَكَبْتُ عَلَى يَدِهِ مِنَ الإِدَاوَةِ فَغَسَلَ كَفَّيْهِ ثُمَّ غَسَلَ وَجْهَهُ ثُمَّ حَسَرَ عَنْ ذِرَاعَيْهِ فَضَاقَ كُمَّا جُبَّتِهِ فَأَدْخَلَ يَدَيْهِ فَأَخْرَجَهُمَا مِنْ تَحْتِ الْجُبَّةِ فَغَسَلَهُمَا إِلَى الْمِرْفَقِ وَمَسَحَ بِرَأْسِهِ ثُمَّ تَوَضَّأَ عَلَى خُفَّيْهِ ثُمَّ رَكِبَ فَأَقْبَلْنَا نَسِيرُ حَتَّى نَجِدَ النَّاسَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ قَدْ قَدَّمُوا عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ عَوْفٍ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ حِينَ كَانَ وَقْتُ الصَّلاَةِ وَوَجَدْنَا عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ وَقَدْ رَكَعَ بِهِمْ رَكْعَةً مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَصَفَّ مَعَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ فَصَلَّى وَرَاءَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْفٍ الرَّكْعَةَ الثَّانِيَةَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي صَلاَتِهِ ‏.‏ فَفَزِعَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ فَأَكْثَرُوا التَّسْبِيحَ لأَنَّهُمْ سَبَقُوا النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَهُمْ ‏"‏ قَدْ أَصَبْتُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ ‏"‏ قَدْ أَحْسَنْتُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : I was in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the expedition of Tabuk. He abandoned the main road before the dawn prayer, and I also did the same along with him. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made his camel kneel down and (went to) relieve himself. He then came back and I poured water upon his hands from the skin-vessel. He then washed his hands and face. He tried to get his forearms out (of the gown), but the sleeves of the gown were too narrow, so he entered back both his hands, and brought them out from beneath the gown. He washed his forearms up to the elbows and wiped his head and wiped over his socks. He then mounted (his camel) and we began to proceed until we found people offering the prayer. They brought forward Abdur Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was leading them in prayer. The Prophet () stood in the row side by side with other Muslims. He performed the second rak’ah of the prayer behind Abdur Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Then Abdur Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) uttered salutation. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood to perform the remaining rak’ah of the prayer. The Muslims were alarmed. They began to recite tasbih (Subhan Allah) presuming that they had offered prayer before the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had done. When he uttered the salutation (finished his prayer), he said: You were right, or (he said) you did well.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 150

Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution and wiped his forelock and turban. Another version says : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped his socks and his forelock and his turban.  Bakr said : I heard it from Ibn al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

‘Urwah bin al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported his father as saying : We accompanied the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to a caravan, and I had a jug of water. He went to relieve himself and came back. I came to him with the jug of water and poured it for him. He washed his hands and face. He had a tight-sleeved Syrian woolen gown.  He tried to get his forearms out, but the sleeve of the gown was very narrow, so he brought his hands out from under the gown. I then bent down to take off his socks. But he said to me : Leave them, for my feet were clean when I put them in, and he only wiped over them.

Yunus said on the authority of al-Sha’bi that ‘Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated his tradition from his father before him, and his father reported it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).


Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) lagged behind (in a journey). He then narrated this story saying : Then we came to people (of the Caravan). Abd al-Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was leading them in the dawn prayer. When he perceived the presence of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), he wanted to retire. But the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked him to continue and I and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered one rak’a of prayer behind him. When he had pronounced the salutation, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) got up and offered the rak’ah which had been finished before, and he made no addition to it.

Abu Dawud said: Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, Ibn al-Zubair and Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) hold the opinion that whoever gets an odd number of the rak’ahs of prayer, he should perform two prostrations on account of forgetfulness.

 

 
Abu Abd al-Rahman al-Sulami (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he witnessed Abd al-Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asking Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the ablution of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : He went out to relieve himself. Then I brought water for him and he performed ablution, and wiped over his turban and socks.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 154
 
Abu Zur’ah bin Amr bin Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) urinated. He then performed ablution and wiped over the socks. He said: What can prevent me from wiping (over the socks)? I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) (doing so). They (the people) said : This (action of yours) might be valid before the revelation of Surat al-Ma’idah. He replied : I embraced Islam after the revelation of Surat al-Ma’idah.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 155

Narrated Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Negus presented to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) two black and simple socks. He put them on; then he performed ablution and wiped over them.  Musaddad reported this tradition from Dulham bin Salih.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has been narrated by the people of Basrah alone.

 
 
Al-Mughirah bin Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped over the socks and I said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), have you forgotten ? He said: My Lord has commanded me to do this.
 

CHAPTER (60)

باب التَّوْقِيتِ فِي الْمَسْحِ

The period allowed for wiping 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 157
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، وَحَمَّادٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْجَدَلِيِّ، عَنْ خُزَيْمَةَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْمَسْحُ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ لِلْمُسَافِرِ ثَلاَثَةُ أَيَّامٍ وَلِلْمُقِيمِ يَوْمٌ وَلَيْلَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ مَنْصُورُ بْنُ الْمُعْتَمِرِ عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيِّ بِإِسْنَادِهِ قَالَ فِيهِ وَلَوِ اسْتَزَدْنَاهُ لَزَادَنَا ‏

Narrated Khuzaymah ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: The time limit for wiping over the socks for a traveler is three days (and three nights) and for a resident it is one day and one night.

Abu Dawud said : Another version adds : Had we requested him to extend (the period of wiping), he would have extended.

 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 158

Narrated Ubayy Ibn Umarah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I asked: Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) may I wipe over the socks? He replied : Yes. He asked : For one day? He replied : For one day. He again asked : And for two days? He replied: For two days too. He again asked : And for three days? He replied : Yes, as long as you wish.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Another version says : He asked him about the period until he reached the period of seven days. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied: Yes, as long as you wish (i.e. there is no time limit).

Imam Abu Dawud said: There is a variance in the chain of narrators of this tradition. The chain is not strong. Another chain from Yahya bin Ayyub is also disputed.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 159
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، عَنْ وَكِيعٍ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ الثَّوْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي قَيْسٍ الأَوْدِيِّ، - هُوَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ ثَرْوَانَ - عَنْ هُزَيْلِ بْنِ شُرَحْبِيلَ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى الْجَوْرَبَيْنِ وَالنَّعْلَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَانَ عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ لاَ يُحَدِّثُ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ لأَنَّ الْمَعْرُوفَ عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَسَحَ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرُوِيَ هَذَا أَيْضًا عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ مَسَحَ عَلَى الْجَوْرَبَيْنِ ‏.‏ وَلَيْسَ بِالْمُتَّصِلِ وَلاَ بِالْقَوِيِّ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى الْجَوْرَبَيْنِ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ وَابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ وَالْبَرَاءُ بْنُ عَازِبٍ وَأَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ وَأَبُو أُمَامَةَ وَسَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ وَعَمْرُو بْنُ حُرَيْثٍ وَرُوِيَ ذَلِكَ عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ وَابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution and wiped over the socks and shoes.

Abu Dawud said : Abdur Rahman bin Mahdi did not narrate this tradition because the familiar version from al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) says that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped over the socks.

Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has also reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped over socks. But the chain of narrators of this tradition is neither continuous nor strong.

'Ali b. Abi Talib, Ibn Mas'ud, al-Bara' bin 'Aziz, Anas b. Malik, Abu Umamah, Sahl bin Sa'd and 'Amr bin Huriath (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين) also wiped over the stockings.

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، وَعَبَّادُ بْنُ مُوسَى، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، - قَالَ عَبَّادٌ - قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَوْسُ بْنُ أَبِي أَوْسٍ الثَّقَفِيُّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَوَضَّأَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى نَعْلَيْهِ وَقَدَمَيْهِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَبَّادٌ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتَى كِظَامَةَ قَوْمٍ - يَعْنِي الْمِيضَأَةَ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ مُسَدَّدٌ الْمِيضَأَةَ وَالْكِظَامَةَ ثُمَّ اتَّفَقَا - فَتَوَضَّأَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى نَعْلَيْهِ وَقَدَمَيْهِ ‏.‏

Narrated Aws ibn Abu Aws ath-Thaqafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Aposstle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet.

Abbad (a sub-narrator) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to the well of a people. Musaddad did not mention the words Midat (a place where ablution is performed), and Kazamah (well). Then both agreed on the wording : "He performed ablution and wiped over his shoes and feet."

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 161
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْبَزَّازُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، قَالَ ذَكَرَهُ أَبِي عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَمْسَحُ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ غَيْرُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَلَى ظَهْرِ الْخُفَّيْنِ ‏.‏

Narrated Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped over the socks.  Another version adds : "On the back (upper part) of the socks."

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 162

Narrated Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : If the religion were based on opinion, it would be more important to wipe the under part of the shoe than the upper but I have seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiping over the upper part of his shoes.

 
 
This tradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : “I always preferred to wash the under part of the feet until I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiping the upper part of them.
 
 

Amash transmitted this tradition saying : If religion were based on opinion, it would be more proper to wipe the under part of the feet than the upper. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wiped over the upper part of his shoes.

The narrator Waki’ said : I saw Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) perform ablution and wash the upper part of his feet, and say : Had I not seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) doing like this, and he narrated the tradition in full.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 165

Narrated Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I poured water while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution in the battle of Tabuk. He wiped over the upper part of the socks and their lower part.

Abu Dawud said : I have been told that Thawr did not hear this tradition from Raja'.

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 166
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، - هُوَ الثَّوْرِيُّ - عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ الثَّقَفِيِّ، أَوِ الْحَكَمِ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا بَالَ يَتَوَضَّأُ وَيَنْتَضِحُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَافَقَ سُفْيَانَ جَمَاعَةٌ عَلَى هَذَا الإِسْنَادِ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمُ الْحَكَمُ أَوِ ابْنُ الْحَكَمِ ‏.‏

Narrated Hakam ibn Sufyan ath-Thaqafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) urinated, he performed ablution and sprinkled water on private parts of the body.

Abu Dawud said : A group of scholars agreed with Sufyan upon this chain of narrators. Some have mentioned the name of Sufyan bin al-Hakam, and others al-Hakam bin Sufyan.

 
 
A man from Thaqif on the authority of his father reported : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) urinate, and he sprinkled water on the private parts of his body.
 
 
Hakam or Ibn al-Hakam on the authority of his father reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) urinated; then he performed ablution and sprinkled water on the private parts of his body.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 169
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْهَمْدَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، سَمِعْتُ مُعَاوِيَةَ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ صَالِحٍ - يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ، عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خُدَّامَ أَنْفُسِنَا نَتَنَاوَبُ الرِّعَايَةَ رِعَايَةَ إِبِلِنَا فَكَانَتْ عَلَىَّ رِعَايَةُ الإِبِلِ فَرَوَّحْتُهَا بِالْعَشِيِّ فَأَدْرَكْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَخْطُبُ النَّاسَ فَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُحْسِنُ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيَرْكَعُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ يُقْبِلُ عَلَيْهِمَا بِقَلْبِهِ وَوَجْهِهِ إِلاَّ قَدْ أَوْجَبَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ بَخْ بَخْ مَا أَجْوَدَ هَذِهِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَىَّ الَّتِي قَبْلَهَا يَا عُقْبَةُ أَجْوَدُ مِنْهَا ‏.‏ فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذَا هُوَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ فَقُلْتُ مَا هِيَ يَا أَبَا حَفْصٍ قَالَ إِنَّهُ قَالَ آنِفًا قَبْلَ أَنْ تَجِيءَ ‏"‏ مَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ يَتَوَضَّأُ فَيُحْسِنُ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ حِينَ يَفْرُغُ مِنْ وُضُوئِهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ إِلاَّ فُتِحَتْ لَهُ أَبْوَابُ الْجَنَّةِ الثَّمَانِيَةُ يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أَيِّهَا شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ مُعَاوِيَةُ وَحَدَّثَنِي رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ عَنْ أَبِي إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ ‏.‏

Uqbah bin Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We served ourselves in the company of Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We tended our camels by turn. One day I had my turn to tend the camels, and I drove them in the afternoon. I found the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) addressing the people. I heard him say : Anyone among you who performs ablution, and does it well, then he stands and offers two rak’a of prayer, concentrating on it with his heart and body, Paradise will be his lot by all means. I said : Ha-ha! How fine it is! A man in front of me said : The action (mentioned by the Prophet ﷺ) earlier, O Uqbah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), is finer than this one. I looked at him and found him to be Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). I asked him: What is that, O Abu Hafs (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? He replied : He (the Prophet ﷺ) had said before you came : If any one of you performs ablution, and does it well, and when he finishes the ablution, he utters the words : I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and He has no associate, and I bear witness that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is His Servant and His Apostle, all the eight doors of Paradise will be opened for him; he may enter (through) any of them.

Mu’awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Rabi’ah bin Yazid narrated this tradition to me from Abu Idris on the authority of ‘Uqbah bin Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 
 
Uqbah bin Amir al-Juhani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated this tradition from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in a similar way. He did not mention about tending the camels. After the words 'and he performed ablution well' he added the words : 'he then raises his eyes towards the sky'. He transmitted the tradition conveying the same meaning as that of Mu’awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 171
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَامِرٍ الْبَجَلِيِّ، - قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ هُوَ أَبُو أَسَدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو - قَالَ سَأَلْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ، فَقَالَ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَوَضَّأُ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ وَكُنَّا نُصَلِّي الصَّلَوَاتِ بِوُضُوءٍ وَاحِدٍ ‏.‏
 
Abu Asad bin Amr said : I asked Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about ablution. He replied : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution for each prayer and we offered (many) prayers with the same ablution.
 
 
 
Buraidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the authority of his father reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed five prayers with the same ablution on the occasion of the capture of Makka, and he wiped over his socks. ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him (the Prophet ﷺ) : I saw you doing a thing today that you never did. He said : I did it deliberately. 
 

CHAPTER (67)

باب تَفْرِيقِ الْوُضُوءِ

Separating actions of  Wudu
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 173
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ قَتَادَةَ بْنَ دِعَامَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، جَاءَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَدْ تَوَضَّأَ وَتَرَكَ عَلَى قَدَمَيْهِ مِثْلَ مَوْضِعِ الظُّفْرِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ ارْجِعْ فَأَحْسِنْ وُضُوءَكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لَيْسَ بِمَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ جَرِيرِ بْنِ حَازِمٍ وَلَمْ يَرْوِهِ إِلاَّ ابْنُ وَهْبٍ وَحْدَهُ وَقَدْ رُوِيَ عَنْ مَعْقِلِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ الْجَزَرِيِّ عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ عَنْ جَابِرٍ عَنْ عُمَرَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَحْوَهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ ارْجِعْ فَأَحْسِنْ وُضُوءَكَ ‏"‏ ‏

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : A person came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He performed ablution and left a small part equal to the space of a nail upon his foot. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to him : Go back and perform ablution well.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition is not known through Jarir b. Hazim. It was transmitted only by Ibn Wahab. Another version adds the wording : “ Go back and perform the ablution well.”

 
Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) a tradition conveying the same meaning as that of Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Narrated Some Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw a person offering prayer, and on the back of his foot a small part equal to the space of a dirham remained unwashed; the water did not reach it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded him to repeat the ablution and prayer.

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 176
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ أَبِي خَلَفٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَعَبَّادِ بْنِ تَمِيمٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، قَالَ شُكِيَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الرَّجُلُ يَجِدُ الشَّىْءَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى يُخَيَّلَ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ يَنْفَتِلُ حَتَّى يَسْمَعَ صَوْتًا أَوْ يَجِدَ رِيحًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abbad bin Tamim reported from his uncle that a person made a complaint to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that he entertained (doubt) as if something had happened to him which had rendered his ablution invalid. He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : He should not cease (to pray) unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell (of passing wind).
 

 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If any one of you offers prayer and feels a movement between his Buttocks, but is doubtful whether or not his ablution broke, he should not cease praying unless he hears a sound or perceives a smell.
 

CHAPTER (68)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مِنَ الْقُبْلَةِ

Wudu from Kissing
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 178
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ أَبِي رَوْقٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ التَّيْمِيِّ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَبَّلَهَا وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَذَا رَوَاهُ الْفِرْيَابِيُّ وَغَيْرُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهُوَ مُرْسَلٌ إِبْرَاهِيمُ التَّيْمِيُّ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْ عَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ مَاتَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ التَّيْمِيُّ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغْ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً وَكَانَ يُكْنَى أَبَا أَسْمَاءَ ‏.‏

Narrated Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kissed me and did not perform ablution.

Imam Abu Dawud said : This tradition is Mursal (the link of the Companions is missing and the Successor reports from the Prophet ﷺ  directly). Ibrahim at-Taimi did not hear anything from Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

Imam Abu Dawud said : Al-Firyabi and other narrated this tradition in a like manner.

 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kissed one of his wives and went out for offering prayer. He did not perform ablution. 'Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: I said to her : Who is she except you! Thereupon she laughed.
 
Imam Abu Dawud said: The same version has been reported through a different chain of narrators.
 
 
 
This tradition has been reported through another chain of narrators on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

Imam Abu Dawud said : Yahya b. Sa'id al-Qattan said to a person : Narrate these two tradition from me, that is to say, one tradition on the authority of al-A'mash from Habib (about the kiss); another through the same chain about a woman who has prolonged flow of bloos and she is asked to perform ablution for every prayer.  Yahya said : Narrate from me that both these traditions are weak in respect of their chains.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Ath-Thawri is reported to have said : Habib narrated this tradition to us only on the authority of Urwat al-Muzani, that is, he did not narrated any tradition on the authority of Urwah bin al-Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

Abu Dawud said : Hamzah al-Zayyat reported a sound tradition on the authority of Habib, from 'Urwah bin al-Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

(i) Sunan Abu Dawood

(ii) Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 1.2

(iii) Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 1.3

(iv) Imam Abu Dawood (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

(v) Books of Ahadith

(vi) Translation and guides of books of Ahadith