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العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.10)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 364
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ، عَنِ الْعَلاَءِ بْنِ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ زُرْعَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ الزُّبَيْرِ، يَقُولُ صَفُّ الْقَدَمَيْنِ وَوَضْعُ الْيَدِ عَلَى الْيَدِ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ ‏.‏

Zur’ah bin Abdur Rahman said : I heard Ibn  Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: Setting the feet right and placing one hand on the other is a Sunnah.
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكَّارِ بْنِ الرَّيَّانِ، عَنْ هُشَيْمِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ، عَنِ الْحَجَّاجِ بْنِ أَبِي زَيْنَبَ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ النَّهْدِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُصَلِّي فَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ الْيُسْرَى عَلَى الْيُمْنَى فَرَآهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى الْيُسْرَى ‏.‏

Abu Uthman an-Nahdi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : When Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) prayed he placed his left hand on the right. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him and placed his right hand on his left one.

 

Abu Juhayfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : It is a Sunnah to place one hand on the other in prayer below the navel.

 

 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 367

Jarir ad-Dabbi reported that he saw Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) catching hold of his left hand) by his right hand on the wrist above the navel.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Sa'id bin Jubair narrated the words : "above the navel". Abu Mijlaz reported the words: "below the navel". This has also been narrated by Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). But that is not strong.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 368

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that  (it is Sunnah) to hold the hands by the hands in prayer below the navel.

Abu Dawood said : I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal say (one of the) narrators (of this Hadith)  Abdur  Rahman bin Ishaq al-Kufi is weak (not reliable).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 369

Tawus (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to place his right hand on his left hand, then he folded them strictly on his chest in prayer.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 370

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ الْمَاجِشُونِ بْنِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، - رضى الله عنه - قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ كَبَّرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ لاَ إِلَهَ لِي إِلاَّ أَنْتَ أَنْتَ رَبِّي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ وَاهْدِنِي لأَحْسَنِ الأَخْلاَقِ لاَ يَهْدِي لأَحْسَنِهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا لاَ يَصْرِفُ سَيِّئَهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا رَكَعَ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ رَكَعْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ خَشَعَ لَكَ سَمْعِي وَبَصَرِي وَمُخِّي وَعِظَامِي وَعَصَبِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا رَفَعَ قَالَ ‏"‏ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا سَجَدَ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ سَجَدْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ سَجَدَ وَجْهِي لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ وَصَوَّرَهُ فَأَحْسَنَ صُورَتَهُ وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ وَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَإِذَا سَلَّمَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ قَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَمَا أَخَّرْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَفْتُ وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي أَنْتَ الْمُقَدِّمُ وَالْمُؤَخِّرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ali b. Ali Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up for prayer, he said the takbir (Allah is most great), then said -  وَجَّهْتُ وَجْهِيَ لِلَّذِي فَطَرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضَ حَنِيفًا مُسْلِمًا وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ إِنَّ صَلاَتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ الْمَلِكُ لاَ إِلَهَ لِي إِلاَّ أَنْتَ أَنْتَ رَبِّي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ ظَلَمْتُ نَفْسِي وَاعْتَرَفْتُ بِذَنْبِي فَاغْفِرْ لِي ذُنُوبِي جَمِيعًا إِنَّهُ لاَ يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ وَاهْدِنِي لأَحْسَنِ الأَخْلاَقِ لاَ يَهْدِي لأَحْسَنِهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ وَاصْرِفْ عَنِّي سَيِّئَهَا لاَ يَصْرِفُ سَيِّئَهَا إِلاَّ أَنْتَ لَبَّيْكَ وَسَعْدَيْكَ وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ أَنَا بِكَ وَإِلَيْكَ تَبَارَكْتَ وَتَعَالَيْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ [ I have turned my face, breaking with all others, towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth, and I am not a polytheist. My prayer and my devotion, my life and my death belong to Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I have been commanded, and I am first of Muslims (those who surrender themselves). O Allah, You are the King. There is no God but You. You are my Lord and I am Your servant. I have wronged myself, but I acknowledge my sin, so forgive me all my sins; You Who alone can  forgive sins; and guide me to the best qualities. You Who alone can guide to the best of them; and turn me from evil ones. You who alone can turn from evil qualities. I come to serve and please You. All good is in Your Hands, and evil does not pertain to You. I seek refuge in You and turn to You, Who are blessed and exalted. I ask Your forgiveness and turn to You in repentance].  When he bowed, he said -  اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ رَكَعْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ خَشَعَ لَكَ سَمْعِي وَبَصَرِي وَمُخِّي وَعِظَامِي وَعَصَبِي [ O Allah, to You I bow, in You I trust, and to You  I submit myself. My hearing, my sight, my brain, my bone and my sinews humble themselves before You.]  When he raised his head, he said - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him. O our lord, and all praises be to You in the whole of the heavens and the earth, and what is between them, and in whatever You creates afterwards]. When he prostrated himself, he said - اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ سَجَدْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَلَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ سَجَدَ وَجْهِي لِلَّذِي خَلَقَهُ وَصَوَّرَهُ فَأَحْسَنَ صُورَتَهُ وَشَقَّ سَمْعَهُ وَبَصَرَهُ وَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ [ O Allah, to You I prostrate myself, to You I trust, and to You I submit myself. My face prostrated itself before Him Who created it, fashioned it, and fashioned it in the best shape, and brought forth its hearing and seeing. Blessed is Allah, the best of creators].   When he saluted at the end of the prayer, he said - اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَمَا أَخَّرْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَمَا أَعْلَنْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَفْتُ وَمَا أَنْتَ أَعْلَمُ بِهِ مِنِّي أَنْتَ الْمُقَدِّمُ وَالْمُؤَخِّرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ  [ O Allah, forgive me my former and my latter sins, my open and secret sins, my sins in exceeding the limits, and what You know better than I. You are He Who puts forward and puts back. There is God but You].
 
 
 
Ali bin Ali Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up for (offering) obligatory prayer, he said the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands opposite to his shoulders, and he did so when he finished the recitation (of the Qur’an) and when he was about to bow; and he did like that when he raised (his head) after bowing. He did not raise his hands in prayer when he was sitting. When he stood at the end of two rak’a, he raised his hands in a similar way and uttered the takbir and supplicated in a more or less the same manner as narrated by ‘Abdul Aziz in his version. This version does not mention the words -   وَالْخَيْرُ كُلُّهُ فِي يَدَيْكَ وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ  [ All good is in Thy Hands and evil does not pertain to You]. And this adds -  He said when he finished the prayer -  اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَأَخَّرْتُ وَمَا أَسْرَرْتُ وَأَعْلَنْتُ أَنْتَ إِلَهِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ  [ O Allah, forgive me my former and latter sins, my open and secret sins; You are my Lord; there is no God but You].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 372
Shu’aib bin Abi Hamzah said : Ibn al-Munkadir, Ibn Abi Farwah and a number of jurists of  Madina said to me : When you recite the supplication - وَأَنَا أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ [I am first of the Muslims] say instead -  وَأَنَا مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ  [I am one of the Muslims].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 373

Anas bin  Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a man came panting to join the row of the praying people, and said - اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ [ Allah is most great; praise be to Allah, much praise, good and blessed]. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he asked : Which of you is the one who spoke the words? He said nothing wrong. Then the man said : I (said), Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); I came and had difficulty in breathing, so I said them. He said : I saw twelve angels racing against one another to be the one to take them to Allah.

The narrator Humaid added : When any of you comes for praying, he should walk as usual (should not hasten and run); then he should pray as much as he finds it (along with the Imam), and should offer the part of the prayer himself (when the prayer is finished) which the Imam had offered before him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 374
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مَرْزُوقٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ الْعَنَزِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ رَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي صَلاَةً قَالَ عَمْرٌو لاَ أَدْرِي أَىَّ صَلاَةٍ هِيَ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلاً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ مِنْ نَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ وَهَمْزِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَفْثُهُ الشِّعْرُ وَنَفْخُهُ الْكِبْرُ وَهَمْزُهُ الْمُوتَةُ ‏.‏

Jubayr Ibn Mut'im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that  Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) observing prayer. (The narrator Amr said : I do not know which prayer he was offering.)

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ كَثِيرًا وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ بُكْرَةً وَأَصِيلاً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ مِنْ نَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ وَهَمْزِهِ [ Allah is altogether great; Allah is altogether great; Allah is altogether great; and praise be to Allah in abundance; and praise be to Allah is abundance; and praise be to Allah in abundance. Glory be to Allah in the morning and after (saying it three times). I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed devil, from his puffing up (nafkh), his spitting (nafth) and his evil suggestion (hamz)].

He (Amr) said : His nafth it poetry, his nafkh is pride, and his hamz is madness.

 

 
The above mentioned tradition has also been reported by Jubair bin Mut’im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttering (all these supplications) in a supererogatory prayer; he narrated the tradition in a similar manner.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 376
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، أَخْبَرَنِي مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَزْهَرُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْحَرَازِيُّ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، قَالَ سَأَلْتُ عَائِشَةَ بِأَىِّ شَىْءٍ كَانَ يَفْتَتِحُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قِيَامَ اللَّيْلِ فَقَالَتْ لَقَدْ سَأَلْتَنِي عَنْ شَىْءٍ مَا سَأَلَنِي عَنْهُ أَحَدٌ قَبْلَكَ كَانَ إِذَا قَامَ كَبَّرَ عَشْرًا وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَشْرًا وَسَبَّحَ عَشْرًا وَهَلَّلَ عَشْرًا وَاسْتَغْفَرَ عَشْرًا وَقَالَ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَاهْدِنِي وَارْزُقْنِي وَعَافِنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَيَتَعَوَّذُ مِنْ ضِيقِ الْمَقَامِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ خَالِدُ بْنُ مَعْدَانَ عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ الْجُرَشِيِّ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏

Asim ibn Humayd narrated that he asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) by what words the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would begin his supererogatory prayer at night?

She replied, you ask me about a thing of which no one asked me before you. When he stood up, be uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) ten times, and uttered "Praise be to Allah" ten times, and uttered "Glory be to Allah " ten times, and uttered "There is no god but Allah" ten times, and sought forgiveness ten times, and said : O Allah, forgive me, and guide me, and give me sustenance, and keep me well, and he sought refuge in Allah from the hardship of standing before Allah on the Day of Judgment.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has also been narrated by Khalid bin Ma'dan from Rab'ia al-Jarashi on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 377
 
Abu Salamah bin Abdur Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : By what words the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to begin his prayer when he stood up at night (for Tahajjud). She said : When he stood up at night, he began his prayer by saying -  اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ جِبْرِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَإِسْرَافِيلَ فَاطِرَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ عَالِمَ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ أَنْتَ تَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ عِبَادِكَ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ اهْدِنِي لِمَا اخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ تَهْدِي مَنْ تَشَاءُ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ  [ O Allah, Lord of Jibreel, Lord of Mik’ail, and Lord of Israfil (عليهم السلام), Creator of the Heavens and the Earth, the Knower of what is seen and of what is unseen; You decide between Your servants in which they used to differ. Guide me to the truth where there is a difference of opinion by Your permission. You guide anyone You wishes to the right path].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 378

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُوحٍ، قُرَادٌ حَدَّثَنَا عِكْرِمَةُ، بِإِسْنَادِهِ بِلاَ إِخْبَارٍ وَمَعْنَاهُ قَالَ كَانَ إِذَا قَامَ بِاللَّيْلِ كَبَّرَ وَيَقُولُ ‏.‏
 
The above mentioned tradition has been reported by ‘Ikramah with a different chain of narrators. This version adds : When he stood up, he said the takbir (Allah is most great) and said. . .
 
 
 
Imam Malik said : There is no harm in uttering supplication in prayer, in its beginning, in its middle, and in the end, in obligatory prayer or other.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 380
 
Rifa’ah bin Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that one day they were praying behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raised his head after bowing, he said - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listened to him who praised Him.].  A man behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said -  اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ  [O Allah, Our Lord, and to You be praise, much praise, good and blessed]. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he asked : Which of you if the one who spoke (the words) just now. The man said : I (uttered) these words, Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I saw more than thirty angels racing against one another to be the one to write them first.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 381
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up for praying at midnight, he said -  اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ نُورُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ قَيَّامُ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ أَنْتَ رَبُّ السَّمَوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ وَمَنْ فِيهِنَّ أَنْتَ الْحَقُّ وَقَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ وَوَعْدُكَ الْحَقُّ وَلِقَاؤُكَ حَقٌّ وَالْجَنَّةُ حَقٌّ وَالنَّارُ حَقٌّ وَالسَّاعَةُ حَقٌّ اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ وَإِلَيْكَ حَاكَمْتُ فَاغْفِرْ لِي مَا قَدَّمْتُ وَأَخَّرْتُ وَأَسْرَرْتُ وَأَعْلَنْتُ أَنْتَ إِلَهِي لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ [ O Allah, be praise to You, You are the light of the heavens and the earth; and to You be praise; You are the maintainer of the heavens and the earth; and to You be praise, You are the Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between them; You are the truth, and Your statement is truth; and You promise is the truth; and the visitation with You is true; and the Paradise is true and the Hell fire is true and the Hour is true; O Allah, to You I turned my attention, and for You I disputed (with others), and to You I brought forth my case, so forgive me my former and latter sins, and my secret and open sins, You are my Lord, there is no God but You].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 382
 
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say in his Tahajjud prayer  after he said the takbir; he then narrated the tradition to the same effect.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 383 
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ، نَحْوَهُ قَالَ قُتَيْبَةُ حَدَّثَنَا رِفَاعَةُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَمِّ، أَبِيهِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ خَلْفَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَطَسَ رِفَاعَةُ لَمْ يَقُلْ قُتَيْبَةُ رِفَاعَةُ فَقُلْتُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ مُبَارَكًا عَلَيْهِ كَمَا يُحِبُّ رَبُّنَا وَيَرْضَى فَلَمَّا صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنِ الْمُتَكَلِّمُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ مَالِكٍ وَأَتَمَّ مِنْهُ ‏.‏

Rifa'ah ibn Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he offered prayer behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Rifa'a (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) sneezed. The narrator Qutayba did not mention the name Rifa'a (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (but he said : I sneezed). So I said - الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ مُبَارَكًا عَلَيْهِ كَمَا يُحِبُّ رَبُّنَا وَيَرْضَى  [ Praise be to Allah, praise much, good and blessed therein, blessed thereupon, as our Lord likes and is pleased].  When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he turned and said : Who was the speaker in prayer? He then narrated the rest of the tradition like that of Malik and completed it.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 384
 
 
Rabi’ah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a young man from the Ansar sneezed behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was praying. He then said - الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ حَمْدًا كَثِيرًا طَيِّبًا مُبَارَكًا فِيهِ حَتَّى يَرْضَى رَبُّنَا وَبَعْدَ مَا يَرْضَى مِنْ أَمْرِ الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ [ Praise be to Allah, much, good, blessed, till our Lord is pleased (with us) in the affairs relating to this world and to the other world]. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he said : Who was the speaker of these words (in prayer)? The young man kept silence. He again asked : Who was the speaker of these words? He did not say wrong. He said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I said these (words). I did not intend by them but good. He said : These words did not stay below the Throne of the Most Compassionate (Allah).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 385
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ السَّلاَمِ بْنُ مُطَهَّرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرٌ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ الرِّفَاعِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمُتَوَكِّلِ النَّاجِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ كَبَّرَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ السَّمِيعِ الْعَلِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزِهِ وَنَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ يَقُولُونَ هُوَ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ مُرْسَلاً الْوَهَمُ مِنْ جَعْفَرٍ ‏.‏

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) got up to pray (Tahajjud) at night  he said the takbir and then said -  سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ كَبِيرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ السَّمِيعِ الْعَلِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ مِنْ هَمْزِهِ وَنَفْخِهِ وَنَفْثِهِ  [Glory be to You, O Allah, and Praise be to You and "Blessed is Your name and Exalted is Your greatness. and there is no god but You. He then said: "There is no god but Allah" three times; he then said : "Allah is altogether great" three times : "I seek refuge in Allah, All Hearing and All Knowing from the accursed devil, from his evil suggestion (hamz), from his puffing up (nafkh), and from his spitting (nafth)].   He then recited (the Qur'an).

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by Ali bin Ali from Al-Hasan omitting the name of the Companion of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) . The misunderstanding occurred on the part of Ja'far.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 386

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began his prayer, he said - سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ وَتَبَارَكَ اسْمُكَ وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ [ Glory be to You , O Allah, and Praise be to You and Blessed is Your name, and Exalted is Your greatness, and there is no god but Allah.]

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition is not well known from 'Abdus Salam bin Harb. No one narrated this except Talq bin Ghannam. A group of narrators reported the description of prayer from (the narrator) Budail and they did not mention therein this supplication.


 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 387
حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، قَالَ قَالَ سَمُرَةُ حَفِظْتُ سَكْتَتَيْنِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ سَكْتَةً إِذَا كَبَّرَ الإِمَامُ حَتَّى يَقْرَأَ وَسَكْتَةً إِذَا فَرَغَ مِنْ فَاتِحَةِ الْكِتَابِ وَسُورَةٍ عِنْدَ الرُّكُوعِ قَالَ فَأَنْكَرَ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِ عِمْرَانُ بْنُ حُصَيْنٍ قَالَ فَكَتَبُوا فِي ذَلِكَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ إِلَى أُبَىٍّ فَصَدَّقَ سَمُرَةَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَذَا قَالَ حُمَيْدٌ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ وَسَكْتَةً إِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْقِرَاءَةِ ‏.‏

Samurah Ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he  remembers two period of silence in prayer, one when the Imam said the takbir; and one when he finished reciting the Fatiha and the surah when he was about to bow. But Imran Ibn Husain took it as something strange. So they wrote about it to Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Medina. He verified the statement of Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

Imam Abu Dawood said Humaid also narrated in this tradition the words 'and one period silence when he finished the recitation (of the Qur'an)'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 388
 
Samurah bin Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had two periods of silence; when he began his prayer and when he finished the recitation (of the Qur’an). He then narrated the tradition like the version of Yunus.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 389

Samurah Ibn Jundub and Imran Ibn Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) had a discussion (about the periods of silence in prayer). Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) then said that he remembered two periods of silence from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); one when he uttered the takbir and the other when he finished reciting - غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ  [ not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray. ] (Al-Fatiha - 7). Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) remembered that, but Imran Ibn Husayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) rejected it. Then they wrote about it to Ubayy ibn Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He wrote a letter to them and gave a reply to them that Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) remembered correctly.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 390
 

Samurah ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he remembered from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) two periods of silence. Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We asked Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): What are those two periods of silence? He said : (one) when he began his prayer, and (one) when he finished the recitation. Then he added : When he finished reciting (the closing verse of the Fatihah - غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ  [ not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray. ] (Al-Fatiha - 7)

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 391

 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept silence between the takbir and the recitation of Qur’an. So I asked him, for whom I would give my father and mother as ransom : What do you say during you period of silence between the takbir and the recitation? He replied (that he said) -  اللَّهُمَّ أَنْقِنِي مِنْ خَطَايَاىَ كَالثَّوْبِ الأَبْيَضِ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي بِالثَّلْجِ وَالْمَاءِ وَالْبَرَدِ  [O Allah, purify me from sins as a white garment is purified from filth. O Allah, wash away my sings with snow, water and hail].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 392
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ وَعُثْمَانَ كَانُوا يَفْتَتِحُونَ الْقِرَاءَةَ بِـ ‏{‏ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ ‏}‏ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) used to begin the recitation with - الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe.]
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 393
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began prayer with the Takbir (Allah is most great) and with reciting -  الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe]. And when he bowed, he neither raised up nor lowered down his head, but kept it between the two (conditions). And when he raised his head after bowing, he did not prostrate himself until he stood up straight; and when he raised his head after prostration, he did not prostrate (the second time) until he sat down properly; and he recited at-tahiyyat after every pair of rak’a and when he sat, he spread out his left foot and raised his right. He forbade to sit like the sitting of the devil, and to spread out to hands (on the ground in prostration) like animals. He used to finish prayer with saying the salutation.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 394
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of  Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : A Surah has just been revealed to me. He then recited - بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏‏ إِنَّا أَعْطَيْنَاكَ الْكَوْثَرَ [ In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful. Indeed, We have given you (O' Prophet  ﷺ) Al-Kawthar.]  until he finished it (the Sura). Then he asked : Do you know what al-Kawthar is? They replied : Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) know best. He said : It is a river of which my Lord, the Exalted, the Majestic has promised me to give in Paradise.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 395
 

‘Urwah reported on the authority of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) mentioning the incident of slander. She said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sat and unveiled his face and said 'I take refuge in Allah, All-Hearing, All-Knowing from the accursed devil'.  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ جَاءُوا بِالإِفْكِ عُصْبَةٌ مِنْكُمْ [ They who spread the slander are a gang among you.].

Imam Abu Dawood said this is a rejected (munkar) tradition. A group of narrators have reported this tradition from az-Zuhri; but did not mention this detail. I am afraid the phrase concerning 'seeking refuge in Allah' is the statement of Humaid.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 396
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ عَوْفٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ الْفَارِسِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ قُلْتُ لِعُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ مَا حَمَلَكُمْ أَنْ عَمَدْتُمْ، إِلَى بَرَاءَةَ وَهِيَ مِنَ الْمِئِينَ وَإِلَى الأَنْفَالِ وَهِيَ مِنَ الْمَثَانِي فَجَعَلْتُمُوهُمَا فِي السَّبْعِ الطُّوَلِ وَلَمْ تَكْتُبُوا بَيْنَهُمَا سَطْرَ ‏{‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏}‏ قَالَ عُثْمَانُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِمَّا يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَاتُ فَيَدْعُو بَعْضَ مَنْ كَانَ يَكْتُبُ لَهُ وَيَقُولُ لَهُ ‏ "‏ ضَعْ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ فِي السُّورَةِ الَّتِي يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَتَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ الآيَةُ وَالآيَتَانِ فَيَقُولُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ وَكَانَتِ الأَنْفَالُ مِنْ أَوَّلِ مَا أُنْزِلَ عَلَيْهِ بِالْمَدِينَةِ وَكَانَتْ بَرَاءَةُ مِنْ آخِرِ مَا نَزَلَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ وَكَانَتْ قِصَّتُهَا شَبِيهَةً بِقِصَّتِهَا فَظَنَنْتُ أَنَّهَا مِنْهَا فَمِنْ هُنَاكَ وَضَعْتُهُمَا فِي السَّبْعِ الطُّوَلِ وَلَمْ أَكْتُبْ بَيْنَهُمَا سَطْرَ ‏{‏ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

Yazid al-Farisi narrated that he heard Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : I asked Uthman ibn Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : What moved you to put the (Surah) al-Bara'a which belongs to the (category of) mi'in surahs (containing one hundred verses) and the (Surah) al-Anfal which belongs to the Mathani (Surahs) in the category of as-sab'u at-tuwal (the first long surahs of the Qur'an), and you did not write "In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful" between them?

Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) replied : When the verses of the Qur'an were revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), he called someone to write them down for him and said to him : Put this verse in the surah in which such and such has been mentioned; and when one or two verses were revealed, he used to say similarly (regarding them). (Surah) al-Anfal is the first surah that was revealed at Medina, and (Surah) al-Bara'a was revealed last in the Qur'an, and its contents were similar to those of al-Anfal. I, therefore, thought that it was a part of al-Anfal. Hence I put them in the category of as-sab'u at-tuwal (the seven lengthy surahs), and I did not write "In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful" between them.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 397

The above mentioned tradition has been reported by Ibn abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) died, but he did not mention to us that Surah al Bara'a is a part of al-Anfal.

Imam Abu Dawood said : Al-sha’bl, Abu Malik, Qatadah, and Thabit bin ‘Umarah said : The prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not write - بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ  [ In the name of Allah, the Most compassionate, the Most Merciful] until Surah al-Naml was revealed. This is the meaning of what they said. Further, this is a Mursal tradition (omitting the name of the companion).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 398
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not distinguish between the two Surahs until the words -  بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ [In the name of Allah, the Most Compassionate, the Most Merciful was revealed to him. These are the words of Ibn al-Sarh.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 399
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْوَاحِدِ، وَبِشْرُ بْنُ بَكْرٍ، عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِنِّي لأَقُومُ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَأَنَا أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُطَوِّلَ فِيهَا فَأَسْمَعُ بُكَاءَ الصَّبِيِّ فَأَتَجَوَّزُ كَرَاهِيَةَ أَنْ أَشُقَّ عَلَى أُمِّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : I stand up to pray and intend to prolong it; but when I hear the cry of a boy I shorten if for fear that his mother might be distressed.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 400
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرٍو، سَمِعَهُ مِنْ، جَابِرٍ قَالَ كَانَ مُعَاذٌ يُصَلِّي مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيَؤُمُّنَا - قَالَ مَرَّةً ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيُصَلِّي بِقَوْمِهِ - فَأَخَّرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةً الصَّلاَةَ - وَقَالَ مَرَّةً الْعِشَاءَ - فَصَلَّى مُعَاذٌ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ثُمَّ جَاءَ يَؤُمُّ قَوْمَهُ فَقَرَأَ الْبَقَرَةَ فَاعْتَزَلَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ فَصَلَّى فَقِيلَ نَافَقْتَ يَا فُلاَنُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ مَا نَافَقْتُ ‏.‏ فَأَتَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنَّ مُعَاذًا يُصَلِّي مَعَكَ ثُمَّ يَرْجِعُ فَيَؤُمُّنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَإِنَّمَا نَحْنُ أَصْحَابُ نَوَاضِحَ وَنَعْمَلُ بِأَيْدِينَا وَإِنَّهُ جَاءَ يَؤُمُّنَا فَقَرَأَ بِسُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ يَا مُعَاذُ أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ أَفَتَّانٌ أَنْتَ اقْرَأْ بِكَذَا اقْرَأْ بِكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ بِـ ‏{‏ سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏}‏ ‏{‏ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى ‏}‏ فَذَكَرْنَا لِعَمْرٍو فَقَالَ أُرَاهُ قَدْ ذَكَرَهُ ‏.‏

Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Mu’adh bin Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to pray along with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); then he returned and led us in prayer. Sometimes he (the narrator) said : then he returned and led his people in prayer. One night the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) delayed the prayer. Sometimes he (the narrator) mentioned the word “the night prayer”. Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) prayed along with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), then returned to his people and led them in prayer, and recited Surat al-Baqarah. A man turned aside and prayed alone. The people said to him : Have you become a hypocrite, so and so? He replied : I did not become a hypocrite. He then came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said (to him) : Apostle of Allah, Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) prays along with you and then returns and leads us in prayers. We look after camels used for watering and work for the whole day. He came to us leading us in prayer, and he recited Surah al-Baqarah (in prayer). He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), are you a trouble maker? Recite such and such ; recite such and such (surahs) The narrator Abu az-Zubair said (recite) - سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [Glorify the name of the most high lord] (Al-A'ala - 1) and - وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَى [ By the night when it covers over] (Al-Lail - 1). We mentioned this to Amr. He said I think he mentioned it (names of suras).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 401
 
Hazm bin Ubayy bin Ka’b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he came to Mu’adh bin jaba (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was leading the people in the Maghrib prayer. According to this version, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : O Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do not become a trouble, because the aged, the weak, the needy and the traveler pray behind you.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 402
 
 
Abu Salih reported on the authority of some Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to a person : what do you say in prayer?  He replied : I first recite Tashahhud (supplication recited in sitting position), and then I say -  اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْجَنَّةَ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ النَّارِ  [ O Allah, I ask You for Paradise, and I seek refuge in You from Hell fire, but I do not understand your sound and the sound of Mu'adh (what you say or he says in prayer). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : We too go around it (in supplications).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 403

 
Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated the story of Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said : The Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to a youth : My nephew, what do you do in prayer? He replied : I recited Fatiha al-Kitab and I ask Allah for paradise and seek his refuge from Hell-fire I do not understand well your sound and the sound of Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I and Mu’adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) go around both (Paradise and Hell fire), or he said something similar.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 404
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When one of you leads the people in prayer, he should be brief, for among them are the weak, the sick, and the aged. But when one of you prays by himself, he may pray as long as he likes.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 405
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when one of you leads the people in prayer, he should be brief, for among them are the sick, the aged and the needy.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 406
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ بَكْرٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُضَرَ - عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَنَمَةَ الْمُزَنِيِّ، عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ يَاسِرٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَنْصَرِفُ وَمَا كُتِبَ لَهُ إِلاَّ عُشْرُ صَلاَتِهِ تُسْعُهَا ثُمُنُهَا سُبُعُهَا سُدُسُهَا خُمُسُهَا رُبُعُهَا ثُلُثُهَا نِصْفُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ammar bin Yasir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : A man returns after praying (in a the mosque) while only a tenth part of his prayer, or a ninth part, or an eight part, or a seventh part, or a sixth part, or a fifth part, or a third part, or half of it, is recorded for him (for not praying properly).
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 407
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، وَعُمَارَةَ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ، وَحَبِيبٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ أَبِي رَبَاحٍ، أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ فِي كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ يُقْرَأُ فَمَا أَسْمَعَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَسْمَعْنَاكُمْ وَمَا أَخْفَى عَلَيْنَا أَخْفَيْنَا عَلَيْكُمْ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : In every prayer there is a recitation. We make you listen what the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made us listen, and we keep hidden from you what he kept hidden from us.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 408

Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to lead us in prayer and recite in the first two rak’a of the noon prayers Fatihat al-kitab and two surah, and he would sometimes recite loud enough for us to hear the verse. He would prolong the first rak’a of the noon prayer and shorten the second; and he did so in the morning prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said Musaddad did not mention the words 'fatihat al-kitab and surah'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 409
 
The above mentioned tradition as been reported by Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : He would recite Fatihat al-kitab in the last two surah. Hammam added : He would prolong the first rak’a but would not prolong the second so much; and he did so similarly in the afternoon prayer, and so in the morning prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 410
 
Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We thought that by this (prolonging the first rak’a). He (the Prophet ) meant that the people might join the first rak’a.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 411
 
Abu Ma’mar narrated that they  asked Khabbab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite (the Quran) in the noon and afternoon prayers? He replied : Yes. We then asked : How did you know this? He said : By the shaking of his beard.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 412
 
Abdullah bin Abul Awfa narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to stand in the rak’a of prayer so much so that no sound of steps heard.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 413
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ أَبِي عَوْنٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ عُمَرُ لِسَعْدٍ قَدْ شَكَاكَ النَّاسُ فِي كُلِّ شَىْءٍ حَتَّى فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَمَّا أَنَا فَأَمُدُّ فِي الأُولَيَيْنِ وَأَحْذِفُ فِي الأُخْرَيَيْنِ وَلاَ آلُو مَا اقْتَدَيْتُ بِهِ مِنْ صَلاَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ ذَاكَ الظَّنُّ بِكَ ‏.‏

Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to Sa’d (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : people complain against you for everything, even for prayer. He replied : I prolong the first two rak’a of prayer and make the last two rak’a brief.  I do not fall short of following the prayer offered by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said: I think so about you.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 414
 
Abu sa’id al Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We used to estimate how long the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood in the noon and the afternoon prayer, and we estimated that he stood in the first two rak’a of the noon prayer as long as it takes to recite thirty verses (of the Qur’an), such as Alif Lam Meem Tanzil al-Sajdah. And we estimated that he stood in the last two rak’a half the time he stood in the first two rak’a. We estimated that he stood in the first two rak’a of the afternoon prayer as long as he did in the last two at noon; and we estimated that he stood in the last two rak’a of the afternoon prayer half the time he did in first two.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 415
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي الظُّهْرِ وَالْعَصْرِ بِالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْبُرُوجِ وَنَحْوِهِمَا مِنَ السُّوَرِ ‏

Jabir ibn Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to recite in the noon and afternoon prayer - وَالسَّمَاءِ وَالطَّارِقِ [By the Heaven and the Morning Star] (Sura At-Tariq) and  وَالسَّمَاءِ ذَاتِ الْبُرُوجِ  [By the Heavens, with (all) its constellations.] (Surah Al-Buruj) and similar surahs of equal length.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 416
 
 
Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the sun declined, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered the noon prayer and recited surahs like - وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ  [ By the night as it veils (the earth in darkness)] (Sura Al-Lail) and (recited similar suras) in the afternoon prayer and in the other prayers except the dawn prayer which he used to prolong.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 417

Ibn Umr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prostrated himself in the noon prayer; then he stood up and bowed, and we knew that he recited Tanzil al-sajdah (As-Sajda).  Ibn ‘Isa said no one narrated this tradition to Umayyah except Mu’tamir.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 418

Abdullah ibn Ubaydullah narrated : I went to Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) accompanied with some youths of Banu Hashim. We said to one of them : Ask Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite (the Qur'an) in the noon and afternoon prayers? He replied : No. People said to him : Perhaps he might recite the Qur'an quietly. He said : May your face be scratched (a kind of reproach)! This (statement) is worse than the former.

He was only a servant (of Allah) receiving Commands from Him. He preached (the divine) message which he brought with him. He did not command anything to us (Banu Hashim) specially excluding other people except three points : he commanded us to perform ablution perfectly, and not to accept charity (sadaqah) and not to make pairing of donkey with horse.

 

Explanation

From the entire Hadith literature it is established that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to recite Sura al-Fatiha and verses from some other Sura in the first two Raka of all five prayers, includeing Zuhr and Asr prayers. 

 

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he does not know whether the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recite the Qur'an at the noon and afternoon prayer or not.