CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.11)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 420
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ أُمَّ الْفَضْلِ بِنْتَ الْحَارِثِ، سَمِعَتْهُ وَهُوَ، يَقْرَأُ ‏{‏ وَالْمُرْسَلاَتِ عُرْفًا ‏}‏ فَقَالَتْ يَا بُنَىَّ لَقَدْ ذَكَّرْتَنِي بِقِرَاءَتِكَ هَذِهِ السُّورَةَ إِنَّهَا لآخِرُ مَا سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ بِهَا فِي الْمَغْرِبِ ‏.‏

Umm Al-fadl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of al-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reciting - وَالْمُرْسَلاَتِ عُرْفًا  [By those (winds) sent forth in gusts].  (Al-Mursalat - 1). She said : son  you have reminded me of this Surah by your recitation. This is the last surah which I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting in the Maghrib prayer.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ بِالطُّورِ فِي الْمَغْرِبِ ‏.‏
 
Jubair bin Mut’im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting Sura at-Tur in the Maghrib prayer.
 
 
Marwan bin al-Hakkam said : Zaid bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked me : Why do you recite short surahs in the Maghrib prayer? I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting two long surahs at the Maghrib prayers. I asked him : which are those two long surahs? He replied: Al-A’raf  and Al-An’am. I ( the narrator Ibn Juraij) asked Ibn Mulaikah (about these surahs) : He said on his own accord : Al-Ma’idah and al-A’raf.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 423
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، أَنَّ أَبَاهُ، كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ بِنَحْوِ مَا تَقْرَءُونَ ‏{‏ وَالْعَادِيَاتِ ‏}‏ وَنَحْوِهَا مِنَ السُّوَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذَا يَدُلُّ عَلَى أَنَّ ذَاكَ مَنْسُوخٌ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ ‏.‏

HIsham bin Urwah said that his father  used to recite the surahs as you recite like Wa’l-Adiyat.

Imam Abu Dawood said this indicates that those (traditions indicating long Surahs) are abrogated, and this is more sound tradition.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 424
 
Amr bin Shu’aib on the authority of his father quoted his grandfather as saying : There is no short or long surah in al-Mufassal which I have not heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting when he led the people in the prescribed prayer.
 
 
 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 425
 
 
Abu Uthman An-Nahdl said that he offered the Maghrib prayer behind Ibn mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), when he recited -  قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  [ Say (O' Prophet ﷺ), Allah is one] (Al-Ikhlas - 1).  
 

Mu'adh ibn Abdullah al-Juhani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a man of Juhaynah told him that he had heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting - إِذَا زُلْزِلَتِ الأَرْضُ [When the earth is shaken].  (Az-Zalzala) in both rak'a of the morning prayer. But I do not know whether he had forgotten, or whether he recited it on purpose.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 427

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى الرَّازِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ يُونُسَ - عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، عَنْ أَصْبَغَ، مَوْلَى عَمْرِو بْنِ حُرَيْثٍ عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ حُرَيْثٍ، قَالَ كَأَنِّي أَسْمَعُ صَوْتَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقْرَأُ فِي صَلاَةِ الْغَدَاةِ ‏{‏ فَلاَ أُقْسِمُ بِالْخُنَّسِ - الْجَوَارِ الْكُنَّسِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

Amr bin Huraith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : As if I am hearing the voice of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who would recite at the morning prayer - فَلاَ أُقْسِمُ بِالْخُنَّسِ - الْجَوَارِ الْكُنَّسِ  [ So,  By the retreating and hiding stars  and the stars that rise and set. ] (At-Takwir)
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 428

Abu sa’id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : we were commanded to recite Fatihat al-kitab and whatever was convenient (from the Qur’an during the prayer).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 429
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Go out and announce in Medina that prayer is not valid without the recitation of the Qur’an even though it might be fatihat al-kitab and something more.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 430
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narratea that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded him to announce that prayer is not valid without the recitation of Fatihat al-kitab and something more.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 431
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : If anyone observes a prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’an (Sura Fatiha), it is incomplete, it is incomplete, it is incomplete, and deficient. (The narrator said) I said : Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), sometime I pray behind the Imam (then what should I do)? Pressing my hand he replied : O Persian, recite it inwardly, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying that Allah, Most High, has said : I have Me and the Half for my servant and My servant will receive what he asks. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Recite. When the servant says - الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ  [All praise is for Allah, the Sustainer of all worlds]  Allah, Most High says -  حَمِدَنِي عَبْدِي [ My servant has praised me].  When the servant says - الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ [The Most Compassionate, the Most  Merciful], Allah Most High says - أَثْنَى عَلَىَّ عَبْدِي [My servant has lauded me.]  When the servant says - مَالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ [ The Lord of the Day of Judgment],  Allah, Most High, says  - مَجَّدَنِي عَبْدِي  [My servant has glorified Me].  When the servant says -  إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ  [ We worship You (our servitude is only for You) and we seek help from You only],  Allah says -  هَذِهِ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ عَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ  [ This is between Me and My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks].   When the servant says -   اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ - صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ  [Lead us (Let us walk) on the straight path, The path of those on whom You have awarded Your bestowal; not the path of those who have been subjected to Your Wrath and the path of those who have gone astray],  Allah says -  فَهَؤُلاَءِ لِعَبْدِي وَلِعَبْدِي مَا سَأَلَ [This is for My servant, and My servant will receive what he asks].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 432
 
'Ubadah bin al-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : the prayer is not valid if one does not recite Fatihat al-kitab and something more.  Sufyan ( the narrator) said : This applies to a man who prays alone.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 433

Ubadah ibn as-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that they were behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) at the dawn prayer, and he recited (the passage), but the recitation became difficult for him. When he finished, he said : Perhaps you recite behind your Imam? We replied : Yes, it is so, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : Do not do so except when it is Fatihat al-Kitab, for he who does not recite it, is not credited with having prayed.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 434
 
Nafi  bin Mahmud bin Ar-Rabi Al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Ubadah bin as-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came late to lead the morning prayer. Abu Nu’aim, the mu’adhdhin, pronounced the Iqama and he led the people in prayer. Then Ubadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and I was with him. We joined the row behind Abu Nu’aim, while Abu Nu’aim was reciting the Qur’an loudly. Then ‘Ubadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) began to recite the Umm al-Quran (Surah al Fatihah). When he finished, I said to Ubadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : I heard you reciting the Umm al-Qur’an while Abu Nu’aim was reciting Qur’an loudly. He replied : yes,  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in a certain prayer in which the Qur’an is recited loudly, but he became confused in the recitation. When he finished he turned his face to us and said : Do you recite when I recite the Qur’an loudly? Some of us said : we do so; this is why I said to myself : What is that which confused me (in the recitation of ) the Qur’an. Do not recite anything from the Qur’an when I recite it loudly except the Umm al-Qur’an.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 435
 
The above mentioned tradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by 'Ubadah bin as-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) like the version of al-Rabi’ bin Sulaiman. This version adds : Makhul used to recite Surah al Fatihah al-kitab quietly in the prayer in which the Imam recites the Qur’an loudly when he observes the period of silence. If he does not observe the period of silence, recite it before him (before his recitation), or along with him or after him; do not give it up in any case.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 436
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ أُكَيْمَةَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْصَرَفَ مِنْ صَلاَةٍ جَهَرَ فِيهَا بِالْقِرَاءَةِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ هَلْ قَرَأَ مَعِي أَحَدٌ مِنْكُمْ آنِفًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ نَعَمْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنِّي أَقُولُ مَا لِي أُنَازَعُ الْقُرْآنَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَانْتَهَى النَّاسُ عَنِ الْقِرَاءَةِ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِيمَا جَهَرَ فِيهِ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالْقِرَاءَةِ مِنَ الصَّلَوَاتِ حِينَ سَمِعُوا ذَلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى حَدِيثَ ابْنِ أُكَيْمَةَ هَذَا مَعْمَرٌ وَيُونُسُ وَأُسَامَةُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَلَى مَعْنَى مَالِكٍ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished a prayer in which he had recited (the Qur'an) loudly, he asked : Did any of you recite along with me just now? A man replied : Yes, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : I am wondering what is the matter with me that I have been contended with reciting the Qur'an. He said : When the people heard that from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) they ceased reciting (the Qur'an) along with him at the prayers in which he recited aloud.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition reported by Ibn Ukaimah has also been narrated by Ma'mar, Yunus, and Usamah bin Zaid on the authority of az-Zuhri similar to the tradition of Malik.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 437

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer, that was, we think, the dawn prayer, He further narrated this tradition up to the words “what is the matter with me that I have been contended with in (the recitation of ) the Qur’an.”

Imam Abu Dawud said Musaddad in his tradition said that Ma’mar said : The people ceased to recite (the Qur’an) at the prayer in which the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited aloud. Ibn al-Sarh said in his version that Ma’mar reported from az-Zuhri on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Then the people ceased (to recite behind the Imam). Another version says : Sufyan said : az-Zuhri spoke a word that I could not hear. Then Ma’mar said : He said : Then people ceased (to recite the Qur’an)

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by Abdur Raman bin Ishaq on the authority of az-Zuhri. This version ends at the words : 'What is the matter with me that I am contended with in (the recitation of) the Qur’an'. Al-Awza’i also narrated it on the authority of az-Zuhri. This version has : Az-Zuhri said : The Muslims took lesson from that and thenceforth they did not recite (the Qur’an) at the prayer in which he (the Prophet  ) recited aloud.

Imam Abu Dawud said he heard Muhammad bin Yahya bin Faris say : The words  'the people ceased to recite (the Qur’an)' is a statement of az-Zuhri.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 438

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، - الْمَعْنَى - عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ زُرَارَةَ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى الظُّهْرَ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ فَقَرَأَ خَلْفَهُ ‏{‏ سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏}‏ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَيُّكُمْ قَرَأَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا رَجُلٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ قَدْ عَرَفْتُ أَنَّ بَعْضَكُمْ خَالَجَنِيهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ فِي حَدِيثِهِ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ فَقُلْتُ لِقَتَادَةَ أَلَيْسَ قَوْلُ سَعِيدٍ أَنْصِتْ لِلْقُرْآنِ قَالَ ذَاكَ إِذَا جَهَرَ بِهِ ‏.‏

Imran Ibn Husayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led (us) in the noon prayer, and a man came and recited behind him -  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى  [(O' People) Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High] (Al-A'laa - 1). When he finished (the prayer), he said : Which of you recited? They (the people) said a man (recited). He said : I knew that some one of you confused me in it (in the recitation of the Qur'an).

Imam Abu Dawood said, Abu al-Walid said in his version : Shu'bah said : I asked Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Did Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) not say : Listen attentively to the Qur'an? He replied : (Yes), but that applies to prayer in which it (the Qur'an) is recited aloud.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 439
 
Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led them in the noon prayer. When he finished it, he said: Which of you did recite the sura -  سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [Glorify the name of thy lord, the Most High” (Al-A'laa - 1)) A man said : I. He said : I knew that some one of you confused me in it (i.e in the recitation of the Qur’an).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 440
 
حَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ، أَخْبَرَنَا خَالِدٌ، عَنْ حُمَيْدٍ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَنَحْنُ نَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ وَفِينَا الأَعْرَابِيُّ وَالأَعْجَمِيُّ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ اقْرَءُوا فَكُلٌّ حَسَنٌ وَسَيَجِيءُ أَقْوَامٌ يُقِيمُونَهُ كَمَا يُقَامُ الْقِدْحُ يَتَعَجَّلُونَهُ وَلاَ يَتَأَجَّلُونَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to them while they were reciting the Qur'an, and there were among us bedouins and the non-Arabs. He said : Recite, (currently) all is well. In the near future there will appear people who will straighten it (the Qur'an) as an arrow is straightened. They will recite it quickly and not slowly. 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 441
 
 
Sahl bin Sa’d al-Sa’idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that one the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to them  while they were reciting the Qur’an. He said : Praise be to Allah. The Book of Allah is one, and among you are the red, and among you are the white and among you are the black. Recite it before there appear people who will recite it and straighten it as an arrow is straightened. They will get their reward for it in this world and will not get it in the Hereafter.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 442
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعُ بْنُ الْجَرَّاحِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي خَالِدٍ الدَّالاَنِيِّ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ السَّكْسَكِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي أَوْفَى، قَالَ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ إِنِّي لاَ أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ آخُذَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ شَيْئًا فَعَلِّمْنِي مَا يُجْزِئُنِي مِنْهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ قُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ هَذَا لِلَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَمَا لِي قَالَ ‏"‏ قُلِ اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْنِي وَارْزُقْنِي وَعَافِنِي وَاهْدِنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا قَامَ قَالَ هَكَذَا بِيَدِهِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَمَّا هَذَا فَقَدْ مَلأَ يَدَهُ مِنَ الْخَيْرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Abu Awfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a man came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : I cannot memorize anything from the Qur'an : so teach me something which is sufficient for me. He said  say - قُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ وَلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَلاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ  [ Glory be to Allah, and praise be to Allah, and there is no god but Allah, and Allah is most great, and there is no might and no strength but in Allah].  He said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), this is for Allah, but what is for me? He said, say -  اللَّهُمَّ ارْحَمْنِي وَارْزُقْنِي وَعَافِنِي وَاهْدِنِي [ O Allah have mercy on me, and sustain me, and keep me well, and guide me]. When he stood up, he made a sign with his hand (indicating that he had earned a lot). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He filled up his hand with virtue.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 443
 
Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that they used to offer supererogatory prayers and recite supplications while we were standing and would glorify Allah while bowing and prostrating.
 
 
 
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Humaid, but he did not mention the word 'Supererogatory prayer'. This version has : Al-Hasan (al-Basri) would recite Fatihat al-kitab in the noon and afternoon prayers while he led in prayer or he was behind the Imam and would glorify Allah, and would repeatedly say : 'Allah is most great' and  'there is no god but Allah]  equal to the amount one recites Sura Qaf  and Sur Adh-Dhariyat.
 
 

Mutarrif (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he and ‘Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) offered prayer behind All bin AbI Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). When he prostrated, he uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and when he bowed, he uttered the takbir and when he stood up at the end of two rak’a, he uttered the takbir. When we finished the prayer, ‘Imran caught hold of my hand, and said : He has led us in prayer just now like the prayer offered by Prophet Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 446

Abu bakr bin Abdur Rahman and Abu Salama narrated that Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would say the takbir in every prayer, whether obligatory or non-obligatory, He would say the takbir when he stood, and he would say the takbir when he bowed, then he would say - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ  [ Allah listens to him who praises Him].   He then would say before prostrating -  رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ [ Our Lord, to You be praise]; then he would say while falling in prostration, 'Allah is most great'; he then would say the takbir when he raised his head after prostration, and then say the takbir when he prostrated, and then say the takbir when he stood up at the end of two rak’a after sitting down. He used to do so in every rak’a until he finished the prayer. Then he would say at the end of the prayer,  by Him in Whose hands lies my life, I am closer to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in respect of the prayer. Such was the prayer he used to offer until he departed from the world.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Malik, az-Zubaidi and others have narrated so that they form the last words from az-Zuhri on the authority of Ali bin Husain. And this is supported by the version reported by Abdul A’la from Ma’mar and Shu’aib bin Abi Hamzah on the authority of Az-Zuhri.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 447
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، وَحُسَيْنُ بْنُ عِيسَى، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، أَخْبَرَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا سَجَدَ وَضَعَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ قَبْلَ يَدَيْهِ وَإِذَا نَهَضَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ قَبْلَ رُكْبَتَيْهِ ‏.‏

Wa'il ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) placed his knees (on the ground) before placing his hands when he prostrated. And when he stood up, he raised his hands before his knees.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 449
 
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version has : When he prostrated, his knees fell on the ground before his hands had fallen. Hemmam said : This tradition has also been transmitted by Asim bin Kulaib through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. And one of these two versions, and probably the version narrated by Muhammad bin Juhadah, has the words : When he stood up (after prostration), he stood up on his knees taking the support of his thighs.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 450
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when one of you prostrates himself he must not kneel in the manner of camel, but should put down his hands before his knees.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 451
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ حَسَنٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ يَعْمِدُ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَيَبْرُكُ كَمَا يَبْرُكُ الْجَمَلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : (Does) one of you kneel down in his prayer as a camel kneels down (put his knees before his hands).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 452

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ - عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، قَالَ جَاءَنَا أَبُو سُلَيْمَانَ مَالِكُ بْنُ الْحُوَيْرِثِ إِلَى مَسْجِدِنَا فَقَالَ وَاللَّهِ إِنِّي لأُصَلِّي بِكُمْ وَمَا أُرِيدُ الصَّلاَةَ وَلَكِنِّي أُرِيدُ أَنْ أُرِيَكُمْ كَيْفَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَبِي قِلاَبَةَ كَيْفَ صَلَّى قَالَ مِثْلَ صَلاَةِ شَيْخِنَا هَذَا يَعْنِي عَمْرَو بْنَ سَلِمَةَ إِمَامَهُمْ وَذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ السَّجْدَةِ الآخِرَةِ فِي الرَّكْعَةِ الأُولَى قَعَدَ ثُمَّ قَامَ ‏.‏
 
Abu Qilabah  narrated that Abu Sulaiman Malik bin al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to our mosque and said : By Allah, I Shall offer prayer; and I do not intend to pray, but I intend to show you how I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offering prayer. He (the narrator Ayyub) said : I asked Abu Qilabah : How did he pray? He replied : Like the prayer of this head after the last prostration in the first rak’a, he used to sit, and then stand up.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 453
 
Abu Qilaba narrated that Abu Sulaiman Malik bin al-Huwairth (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to our mosque, and said : By Allah, I Shall offer prayer, though I do not intend to pray, I only intend to show you how I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying. The narrator said : ( He then prayed and ) he sat at the end of the first rak’a when he raised his head after the last prostration.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 454
 
Abu Qilaba narrated that  Malik bin al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would not stand at the end of the first or the third rak’a until he sat down straight.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 455
 
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ طَاوُسًا، يَقُولُ قُلْنَا لاِبْنِ عَبَّاسٍ فِي الإِقْعَاءِ عَلَى الْقَدَمَيْنِ فِي السُّجُودِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ هِيَ السُّنَّةُ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْنَا إِنَّا لَنَرَاهُ جَفَاءً بِالرَّجُلِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ هِيَ سُنَّةُ نَبِيِّكَ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏
 
Tawus narrated that they asked Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about sitting on heels between the two prostrations. He said : It is the Sunnah. We said : We look upon it as a pressure on the foot. He said : This is the Sunnah of your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 456
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، وَأَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ وَوَكِيعٌ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ كُلُّهُمْ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ بْنِ الْحَسَنِ، سَمِعْتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي أَوْفَى، يَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَشُعْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَجَّاجِ عَنْ عُبَيْدٍ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ لَيْسَ فِيهِ بَعْدَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ لَقِينَا الشَّيْخَ عُبَيْدًا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ بَعْدُ فَلَمْ يَقُلْ فِيهِ بَعْدَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ شُعْبَةُ عَنْ أَبِي عِصْمَةَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ عُبَيْدٍ قَالَ ‏"‏ بَعْدَ الرُّكُوعِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Abi Awfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raised his head after bowing, he said - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ [ Allah listens to him who praises Him. O Allah, our lord, to You be the praise in the heavens and in all the earth, and all that it please They to create afterwards].

Imam Abu Dawood said, Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Shu’bah bin al-Hajjaj reported on the authority of Ubaid bin al-Hasan : There is no mention of the words 'after bowing' in this tradition. Sufyan said : we met ash-shaikh Ubaid bin al-Hasan; he did not say the words 'bowing' in it.  Imam Abu dawood said : Shu’bah narrated this from Abi Ismah, from al-Amash, on the authority of Ubaid, saying: 'after bowing'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 457
 
Abu sa’id al-Khuri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him], he also said  -  اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ مِلْءَ السَّمَاءِ [O Allah, our Lord, to You be the praise in all heavens]. Mu’ammil said ( in his version) -  مِلْءَ السَّمَوَاتِ وَمِلْءَ الأَرْضِ وَمِلْءَ مَا شِئْتَ مِنْ شَىْءٍ بَعْدُ أَهْلَ الثَّنَاءِ وَالْمَجْدِ أَحَقُّ مَا قَالَ الْعَبْدُ وَكُلُّنَا لَكَ عَبْدٌ لاَ مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ [In all the heavens, and in all the earth, and in all that it pleases You to create afterwards. O Lord Who is worthy of praise and glory, most worthy of what a servant says, and we are all Your servants, no one can withhold what thou give or give what You withhold]. Mahmud added -  وَلاَ مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ [ and there is none that gives what you have withheld]. Then they were in accordance -  وَلاَ يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ  [ And no one's good fortune will benefit him (against You), for all good forture is from You)]  Bishr said -   رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ [Our Lord and to you is the Praise].  And Mahmud did not say - اللَّهُمَّ  [O' Allah].  He said - رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ  [ Our Lord to You is the Praise]. 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 458
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When the Imam says -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praised Him], say -  اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ [O Allah, our lord, to You be the praise], for if what anyone says synchronizes with what the angels say, he will be forgiven his past sins.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 459
 
 
Amir said the people behind the Imam should not say -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him], but they should say - اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ [Our Lord, to You be the praise].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 460
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، حَدَّثَنَا كَامِلٌ أَبُو الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنِي حَبِيبُ بْنُ أَبِي ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقُولُ بَيْنَ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَعَافِنِي وَاهْدِنِي وَارْزُقْنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say between the two prostrations -  اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِي وَارْحَمْنِي وَعَافِنِي وَاهْدِنِي وَارْزُقْنِي  [ O Allah, forgive me, have mercy on me, guide me, heal me, and provide for me].

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 461
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُتَوَكِّلِ الْعَسْقَلاَنِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَنْبَأَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، أَخِي الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ مَوْلًى، لأَسْمَاءَ ابْنَةِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بِنْتِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ كَانَ مِنْكُنَّ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَلاَ تَرْفَعْ رَأْسَهَا حَتَّى يَرْفَعَ الرِّجَالُ رُءُوسَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ كَرَاهَةَ أَنْ يَرَيْنَ مِنْ عَوْرَاتِ الرِّجَالِ ‏.‏

Asma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that she  heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : The one of you who believes in Allah and in the Last Day should not raise her head until the men raise their heads (after prostration) lest they should see the private parts of men.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 462

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ سُجُودُهُ وَرُكُوعُهُ وَقُعُودُهُ وَمَا بَيْنَ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ قَرِيبًا مِنَ السَّوَاءِ ‏.‏

 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he did not offer prayer behind anyone more brief than the one offered by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and that was perfect. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him],  he stood long we thought that he had omitted something; then he say takbir (Allah is most great) and prostrate, and would sit between the two prostrations so long that we thought that he had omitted something.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 464
 

Al-Bara' bin Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he witnessed (Prophet) Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) – Abu Kamil’s version has the wording - The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - during his prayer. He said :  I found his standing like his bowing and prostration and his moderation in bowing was like that of his prostration, and his sitting between the two prostration and his prostration (and his sitting between the salutation) and going away ( after finishing the prayer) were nearly equal to one another.

Imam Abu Dawood said Musaddad said : His bowing and his moderation in bowing and prostration, and his prostration and his sitting between the two prostrations, and his prostration and sitting between the salutation and going away (after finishing the prayer) were nearly equal.

 

Abu Mas'ud al-Badri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : A man's prayer does not avail him unless he keeps his back steady when bowing and prostrating.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 466

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered the mosque, a man also entered and prayed. He then came and saluted the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) returned the salutation and told him : Go back and pray, for you have not prayed. The man returned and prayed as he prayed before. He then came to Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and saluted him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told him : And upon you be peace.  go back and pray, for you have not prayed. He did so three times. Then the man said : By Him who has sent you (as a Prophet ) with truth; I cannot do better than this; so teach me. He said : When you get up to pray, say the takbir (Allah is most great); then recite a convenient portion of the Qur’an; then bow and remain quietly in that position; then sit and remain quietly in that position; then raise yourself and stand straight : then prostrate yourself and remain quietly in that position; then sit and remain quietly in that position; then do that throughout all your prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said Al-Qa’nabi reported this tradition from Sa’id bin Abi Sa’id on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). This version has the wording in the last : When you do this, then your prayer is completed. If you omit anything from this, you omit that much from your prayer. This version also has the wording : when you get up for praying, perform the abulation perfectly.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 467
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ خَلاَّدٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ قَالَ فِيهِ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّهُ لاَ تَتِمُّ صَلاَةٌ لأَحَدٍ مِنَ النَّاسِ حَتَّى يَتَوَضَّأَ فَيَضَعَ الْوُضُوءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي مَوَاضِعَهُ ‏"‏ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ وَيَحْمَدُ اللَّهَ جَلَّ وَعَزَّ وَيُثْنِي عَلَيْهِ وَيَقْرَأُ بِمَا تَيَسَّرَ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ يَرْكَعُ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ مَفَاصِلُهُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ حَتَّى يَسْتَوِيَ قَائِمًا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ مَفَاصِلُهُ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَيَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ حَتَّى يَسْتَوِيَ قَاعِدًا ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ يَسْجُدُ حَتَّى تَطْمَئِنَّ مَفَاصِلُهُ ثُمَّ يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ فَيُكَبِّرُ فَإِذَا فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ فَقَدْ تَمَّتْ صَلاَتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Rifa'a Ibn Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a man entered the mosque...... He then narrated the tradition like the one narrated above (# 466).  This version is as follows : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The prayer of anyone is not perfect unless he performs ablution perfectly; he should then say the takbir, and praise Allah, the Exalted, and praise Him; he should then recite the Qur'an as much as he desires. He should then say : 'Allah is Most Great'.  Next he should bow so that all his joints return to their proper places. Then he should say - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to the one who praises Him]  and stand straight. He should then say :'Allah is most great' and should prostrate himself so that all his joints are completely at rest. Then he should say : 'Allah is most great'; he should raise his head (at the end of prostration) till he sits straight. Then he should say : 'Allah is most great'; then he should prostrate himself till all his joints return to their proper places. Then he should raise his head and say the takbir. When he does so, then his prayer is completed.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 468

Rifa'a ibn Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated this version (of Hadith # 466) and added : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The prayer of any of you is not complete until he performs ablution perfectly, as Allah, the Exalted, has ordered. He should wash his face and hands up to the elbows and wipe his head and (wash) his feet up to the ankles. Then he should exalt Allah and praise Him. Then he should recite the Qur'an as much as it is convenient for him.

(Narrator then narrated the tradition like Hammad's, # 466). He said : He then say the takbir and prostration himself so that his face is at rest.

Hammam (sub-narrator) said : Sometimes he reported : So that his forehead is at rest on the ground, and his joints return to their places and are relaxed. Then he should say the takbir and then sit right on his hips and straighten his back. He described the nature of prayer in this way by offering four rak'a until he finished it. The prayer of any of you is not complete unless he does so.

 

 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 469
 
The above tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Rifa’a bin Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). This version goes : When you get up and face the Qibla, what Allah wishes you to recite. And when you bow, put your palms on your knees and stretch out your back. When you prostrate, do it completely (so that you are at the rest). When you raise yourself then sit on your left thigh.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 470
 
The above tradition has also been transmitted by Rifa’a bin Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version has : When you get up to pray, say the takbir, exalting Allah; then recite the Qur’an as much as it is convenient for you. The version adds : When you sit in the middle of the prayer, do it completely (so that you are at rest) and spread your left thigh; then recite the Tashah-hud. Then if you get up (again), do in a similar way until you finish your prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 471
 
Rifa’a bin Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has also narrated this tradition through a different chain from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). This version goes : Then perform ablution in a way Allah, the exalted, has command you, then say the shahadah and get up and say the takbir. Then if you know any of the Qur’an, recite it; otherwise say -  Praise be to Allah, Allah is most great, there is no god but Allah.  He ( the narrator) also said in this version : If some defect remains in this, that will remain in your prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 472
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، عَنْ تَمِيمِ بْنِ مَحْمُودٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ شِبْلٍ، قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ نَقْرَةِ الْغُرَابِ وَافْتِرَاشِ السَّبُعِ وَأَنْ يُوَطِّنَ الرَّجُلُ الْمَكَانَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ كَمَا يُوَطِّنُ الْبَعِيرُ ‏.‏ هَذَا لَفْظُ قُتَيْبَةَ ‏.‏

Abdur Rahman Ibn Shibl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited to peck like a crow, and to spread (the forearms) like a wild beast, and to fix a place in the mosque like a camel which fixes its place. These are the wordings of Qutayba.

 

Uqba Ibn Amr al-Ansari narrated that Salim al-Barrad said : We came to Abu Mas'ud Uqbah ibn Amr al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and asked him to tell us about the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

He stood up before us in the mosque and said the takbir. When he bowed, he placed his hands upon his knees and put his fingers below, and kept his elbows (arms) away from his sides, so everything returned properly to its place. Then he said : [Allah listens to him who praises Him].   Then he stood up so that everything returned properly to its place; then he said the takbir and prostrated and put the palms of his hands on the ground; he kept his elbow (arms) away from his sides, so that everything returned to its proper place. Then he raised his head and sat so that everything returned to its place; he then repeated it in a similar way. Then he offered four rak'a of prayer like this  and completed his prayer.  Then he said : This is how we witnessed the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offering his prayer.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 474 
حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ الضَّبِّيِّ، قَالَ خَافَ مِنْ زِيَادٍ أَوِ ابْنِ زِيَادٍ فَأَتَى الْمَدِينَةَ فَلَقِيَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ فَنَسَبَنِي فَانْتَسَبْتُ لَهُ فَقَالَ يَا فَتَى أَلاَ أُحَدِّثُكَ حَدِيثًا قَالَ قُلْتُ بَلَى رَحِمَكَ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ يُونُسُ أَحْسِبُهُ ذَكَرَهُ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُحَاسَبُ النَّاسُ بِهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ مِنْ أَعْمَالِهِمُ الصَّلاَةُ قَالَ يَقُولُ رَبُّنَا جَلَّ وَعَزَّ لِمَلاَئِكَتِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ انْظُرُوا فِي صَلاَةِ عَبْدِي أَتَمَّهَا أَمْ نَقَصَهَا فَإِنْ كَانَتْ تَامَّةً كُتِبَتْ لَهُ تَامَّةً وَإِنْ كَانَ انْتَقَصَ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا قَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ لِعَبْدِي مِنْ تَطَوُّعٍ فَإِنْ كَانَ لَهُ تَطَوُّعٌ قَالَ أَتِمُّوا لِعَبْدِي فَرِيضَتَهُ مِنْ تَطَوُّعِهِ ثُمَّ تُؤْخَذُ الأَعْمَالُ عَلَى ذَاكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Anas Ibn Hakim ad-Dabbi said that he feared Ziyad or Ibn Ziyad; so he came to Medina and met Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He attributed his lineage to me and I became a member of his lineage.

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said (to me) : O youth, should I not narrate a tradition to you? I said : Why not, may Allah have mercy on you?

Yunus (a narrator) said : I think he narrated it (the tradition) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : The first thing about which the people will be called to account out of their actions on the Day of Judgment is prayer. Our Lord, the Exalted, will say to the angels - though He knows better : Look into the prayer of My servant and see whether he has offered it perfectly or imperfectly. If it is perfect, that will be recorded perfect.

If it is defective, He will say : See there are some optional prayers offered by My servant. If there are optional prayer to his credit, He will say : Compensate the obligatory prayer by the optional prayer for My servant. Then all the actions will be considered similarly.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 475
 
 
The above mentioned tradition has also been transmitted by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators to the same effect.

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ أَبِي هِنْدٍ، عَنْ زُرَارَةَ بْنِ أَوْفَى، عَنْ تَمِيمٍ الدَّارِيِّ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذَا الْمَعْنَى قَالَ ‏ "‏ ثُمَّ الزَّكَاةُ مِثْلُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ تُؤْخَذُ الأَعْمَالُ عَلَى حَسَبِ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏

Tamimad ad-Dari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported this tradition from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as (Hadith No 474).   This version adds : Then Zakat will be considered in a similar way. Then all the actions will be considered accordingly.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 477
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي يَعْفُورٍ، - قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَاسْمُهُ وَقْدَانُ - عَنْ مُصْعَبِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ إِلَى جَنْبِ أَبِي فَجَعَلْتُ يَدَىَّ بَيْنَ رُكْبَتَىَّ فَنَهَانِي عَنْ ذَلِكَ، فَعُدْتُ فَقَالَ لاَ تَصْنَعْ هَذَا فَإِنَّا كُنَّا نَفْعَلُهُ فَنُهِينَا عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَأُمِرْنَا أَنْ نَضَعَ أَيْدِيَنَا عَلَى الرُّكَبِ ‏.‏
 
Mus’ab bin sa’d said : I prayed by the side of my father. I put both of my hands between my knees (in bowing condition). He prohibited me from it. I then repeated; so he said : Do not do so, because we used to do so. But we were prohibited to do that, and commanded to put our hands on the knees.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 478
 
Abdullah bin Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : When any of you bows, he should spread his arms on his thighs and clap both his palms (Placing them between the knees), as if I am seeing the variation of the fingers of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 479
حَدَّثَنَا الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ أَبُو تَوْبَةَ، وَمُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ مُوسَى، - قَالَ أَبُو سَلَمَةَ مُوسَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ - عَنْ عَمِّهِ، عَنْ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ لَمَّا نَزَلَتْ ‏{‏ فَسَبِّحْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الْعَظِيمِ ‏}‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ اجْعَلُوهَا فِي رُكُوعِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَتْ ‏{‏ سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏}‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ اجْعَلُوهَا فِي سُجُودِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Uqbah Ibn Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when -  فَسَبِّحْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الْعَظِيمِ [Glorify the name of your mighty Lord] was revealed, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Use it when bowing, and when - سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى  [ Glorify the name of your most high Lord] was revealed, he said : Use it when prostrating yourself.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 480

The above (# 479) tradition has also been reported through a different chain of narrators by Uqbah ibn Amir to the same effect. This version adds : When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) bowed, he said - سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ [Glory and praise be to my mighty Lord] three times, and when he prostrated, he said -  سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى وَبِحَمْدِهِ [Glory and praise be to my most high Lord] three times.

Imam Abu Dawood said : We are afraid the addition of the word (بِحَمْدِهِ) "praise" is not guarded.  He also said, the people of Egypt are the only ones who narrated these (preceding) two Ahadith, the narration of Rabi and the narration of Ahmad bin Yunus. 

 
Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he prayed along with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and that when bowing he said -  سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ [Glory be to my mighty Lord] and when he prostrated, he said -  سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى [Glory be to my most high Lord].   When he came to a verse which spoke of mercy, he stopped and made supplication, and when he came to a verse which spoke of punishment, he stopped and sought refuge in Allah.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 482
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when bowing and prostrating used to say - سُبُّوحٌ قُدُّوسٌ رَبُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةِ وَالرُّوحِ  [ All-Glorious, All-Holy, Lord of the angels and spirit].
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 483
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ عَوْفِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ الأَشْجَعِيِّ، قَالَ قُمْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةً فَقَامَ فَقَرَأَ سُورَةَ الْبَقَرَةِ لاَ يَمُرُّ بِآيَةِ رَحْمَةٍ إِلاَّ وَقَفَ فَسَأَلَ وَلاَ يَمُرُّ بِآيَةِ عَذَابٍ إِلاَّ وَقَفَ فَتَعَوَّذَ - قَالَ - ثُمَّ رَكَعَ بِقَدْرِ قِيَامِهِ يَقُولُ فِي رُكُوعِهِ ‏ "‏ سُبْحَانَ ذِي الْجَبَرُوتِ وَالْمَلَكُوتِ وَالْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ بِقَدْرِ قِيَامِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ فِي سُجُودِهِ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ - ثُمَّ قَامَ فَقَرَأَ بِآلِ عِمْرَانَ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ سُورَةً سُورَةً ‏.‏

Awf Ibn Malik al-Ashja'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he  stood up to pray along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); he got up and recited Surat al-Baqarah. When he came to a verse which spoke of mercy, he stopped and made supplication, and when he came to verse which spoke of punishment, he stopped and sought refuge in Allah, then he bowed and paused as long as he stood (reciting Surah al-Baqarah), and while bowing, he said - سُبْحَانَ ذِي الْجَبَرُوتِ وَالْمَلَكُوتِ وَالْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ [Glory be to the Possessor of greatness, the Kingdom, grandeur and majesty].  Then he prostrated and paused as long as he stood up, then he recited Surat Aal-e-Imran  and then recited many suras one after another.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 484
 

Hudhayfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying at night. He said -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ - ثَلاَثًا - ذُو الْمَلَكُوتِ وَالْجَبَرُوتِ وَالْكِبْرِيَاءِ وَالْعَظَمَةِ [ Allah is most great three times, "Possessor of kingdom, grandeur, greatness and majesty.  He then began (his prayer) and recited Surah al-Baqara; then he bowed and he paused in bowing as long as he stood up; while bowing he said - سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ [Glory be to my mighty Lord, Glory be to my mighty Lord]; then he raised his head, after bowing : then he stood up and he paused as long as he paused in bowing and said - لِرَبِّيَ الْحَمْدُ  [Praise be to my Lord]; then he prostrated and paused in prostration as long as he paused in the standing position; while prostrating, he said - سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى [Glory be to my most high Lord]; then he raised his head after prostration, and sat as long as he prostrated, and while sitting, he said - رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي رَبِّ اغْفِرْ لِي  [O my Lord forgive me, O my Lord forgive me].

He offered four rak'a of prayer and recited in them Surah al-Baqarah, Aal Imran, an-Nisa, al-Ma'idah, or al-An'am. The narrator Shu'bah doubted.