CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.13)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 541
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، - الْمَعْنَى - عَنْ حَجَّاجٍ الصَّوَّافِ، حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ أَبِي مَيْمُونَةَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ السُّلَمِيِّ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَطَسَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ فَقُلْتُ يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ فَرَمَانِي الْقَوْمُ بِأَبْصَارِهِمْ فَقُلْتُ وَاثُكْلَ أُمِّيَاهُ مَا شَأْنُكُمْ تَنْظُرُونَ إِلَىَّ فَجَعَلُوا يَضْرِبُونَ بِأَيْدِيهِمْ عَلَى أَفْخَاذِهِمْ فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُمْ يُصَمِّتُونِي - فَقَالَ عُثْمَانُ - فَلَمَّا رَأَيْتُهُمْ يُسَكِّتُونِي لَكِنِّي سَكَتُّ قَالَ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم - بِأَبِي وَأُمِّي - مَا ضَرَبَنِي وَلاَ كَهَرَنِي وَلاَ سَبَّنِي ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّ هَذِهِ الصَّلاَةَ لاَ يَحِلُّ فِيهَا شَىْءٌ مِنْ كَلاَمِ النَّاسِ هَذَا إِنَّمَا هُوَ التَّسْبِيحُ وَالتَّكْبِيرُ وَقِرَاءَةُ الْقُرْآنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ كَمَا قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّا قَوْمٌ حَدِيثُ عَهْدٍ بِجَاهِلِيَّةٍ وَقَدْ جَاءَنَا اللَّهُ بِالإِسْلاَمِ وَمِنَّا رِجَالٌ يَأْتُونَ الْكُهَّانَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَلاَ تَأْتِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَمِنَّا رِجَالٌ يَتَطَيَّرُونَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ ذَاكَ شَىْءٌ يَجِدُونَهُ فِي صُدُورِهِمْ فَلاَ يَصُدُّهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ وَمِنَّا رِجَالٌ يَخُطُّونَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ كَانَ نَبِيٌّ مِنَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ يَخُطُّ فَمَنْ وَافَقَ خَطَّهُ فَذَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ جَارِيَةٌ لِي كَانَتْ تَرْعَى غُنَيْمَاتٍ قِبَلَ أُحُدٍ وَالْجَوَّانِيَّةِ إِذِ اطَّلَعْتُ عَلَيْهَا إِطْلاَعَةً فَإِذَا الذِّئْبُ قَدْ ذَهَبَ بِشَاةٍ مِنْهَا وَأَنَا مِنْ بَنِي آدَمَ آسَفُ كَمَا يَأْسَفُونَ لَكِنِّي صَكَكْتُهَا صَكَّةً فَعَظَّمَ ذَاكَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقُلْتُ أَفَلاَ أُعْتِقُهَا قَالَ ‏"‏ ائْتِنِي بِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَجِئْتُهُ بِهَا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَيْنَ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ فِي السَّمَاءِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَنْ أَنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ أَنْتَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ أَعْتِقْهَا فَإِنَّهَا مُؤْمِنَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Mu’awiyah bin al-Hakam as-Sulami (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  said : I was praying with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). A man in the company sneezed, and I said - يَرْحَمُكَ اللَّهُ [May Allah have mercy on you].  The people gave me disapproving looks, so I said : Woe to me! What do you mean by looking at me? They began to strike their hand on their thighs, then I realized that they were urging me to be silent. When the Apostle  of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer – for whom I would give my father and mother as ransom, he did not beat, scold or revile me, but said : No talk to people in lawful in this prayer, for it consists only in glorifying Allah, declaring His greatness, and reciting the Qur'an or words to that effect said by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I said : Apostle of Allah, we were only recently pagans, but Allah has brought Islam to us, and among us there are men who have recourse to soothsayers (kahins). He replied : Do not have recourse to them. I said : Among us are there are men who take omens. He replied : That is something which they find, but let it not turn them away (from what they intended to do). I said : among us there are men who draw lines. He replied : There was a Prophet who drew lines; so if the line of anyone tallies with this line, that might come true. I said : A slave-girl of mine used to tend goats before (the mountain) Uhud and al-Jawaniyyah. Once when I reached her (suddenly) I found that a wolf had taken away a goat of them. I am a human being; I feel grieved as others do. But I gave her a good knocking. This was unbearable for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I asked : Should I set her free ? He replied : Bring her to me. So I brought her to him. He asked (her) : Where is Allah ? She said : In the heaven. He said : Who am I ? She replied : You are the Apostle of Allah. He said : Set her free, for she is believer.

 
Mu’awiyah bin al-Hakam as-Sulami said : when I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) I learnt many things about Islam. One of the things that I was taught was that it was that it was pointed out to me. When you sneeze, praise Allah (say 'praise be to Allah'); and when someone sneezes and praises Allah, say 'May Allah have mercy on you'. Meanwhile I was standing along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) during a prayer, all of a sudden a man sneezed, and he praised Allah. So I said, 'may Allah have mercy on you', in a loud voice. The people gave me disapproving looks so much so that I took ill of it. So I said : what do you mean by looking at me with furtive glances. Then they glorified Allah. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he asked, who was the speaker? The People told him; this Bedouin. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called me and said to me : Prayer is meant for the recitation of the Quran, and making mention of Allah. When you are in it (prayer), this should be your work therein. I never saw an instructor more lenient than the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 

Wa'il ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited the verse -  وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ [Nor of those who go astray] (al-Fatihah - 7), he would say Amin; and raised his voice (while uttering this word).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 544
 
 
Wail bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he prayed behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said Amin loudly and saluted at his right and left sides until I saw the whiteness of his cheek.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 545
حَدَّثَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، أَخْبَرَنَا صَفْوَانُ بْنُ عِيسَى، عَنْ بِشْرِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ابْنِ عَمِّ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا تَلاَ ‏{‏ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏}‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ آمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ حَتَّى يَسْمَعَ مَنْ يَلِيهِ مِنَ الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited the verse - غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ  [Not of those with whom Thou art angry, nor of those who go astray], he would say Amin so loudly that those near him in the first row would hear it.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 546
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When the Imam recites - غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ [not of those with whom thou art angry, nor of those who go astray] (Al-Fatihah -7) say Amin, for if one’s words (utterance of Amin) synchronize with those of the angles, he will be forgiven his past sins.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 547

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When the Imam says Amin, say Amin, for if anyone’s utterance of Amin synchronnizes with that of the angles, he will be forgiven his past sins.  Ibn Shihab Az-Zuhrl said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say Amin (at the end of Sura Fatihah).


 
 
Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), do not say Amin before me.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 549
 

Abu Misbah al-Muqra'i  said : We used to sit in the company of Abu Zuhayr an-Numayri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He was a companion of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he used to narrate good traditions. Once a man from among us made a supplication. He said : End it with the utterance of Amin, for Amin is like a seal on the book.

Abu Zuhayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I shall tell you about that. We went out with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) one night and came to a man who made supplication with persistence. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) waited to hear him. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He will have done something which guarantees (Paradise for him) if he puts a seal to it. One of the people asked : What should he use as a seal?  He replied : Amin, for if he ends it with Amin, he will do something which guarantees (Paradise for him).

Then the man who questioned the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to the man who was supplicating and said to him : So-and-so, end it with Amin and receive the good news. These are the words of Mahmud.

Imam Abu Dawud said Al-Muqra'i is a clan of Himyar.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 550
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ
صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ التَّسْبِيحُ لِلرِّجَالِ وَالتَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Glorifying Allah (to seek the attention of Imam during Salah) applies to men and clapping applies only to women.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 551
 
Sahl bin Sa’d (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went to Banu Amr bin Awf to effect reconciliation between them.  In the meantime the time of prayer came and the Mu’adh-dhin came to Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and asked : Will you lead the people in prayer? I pronounce the Iqama. He said, Yes. So Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led the prayer and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came back while the people were praying. He penetrated through the rows and stood in the first row. The people clapped but Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did not pay any attention to it during prayer. When the people clapped increasingly, he paid attention. He saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made a sign to him (saying) : Stay at your place. Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) raised his hands and praised Allah for the commandment the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had given him (to lead the people in prayer). Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) then stepped back and stood in the row. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stepped forward and led the prayer. When he finished the prayer, he said, Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), what prevented you staying (at your place) when I already commanded you to do so? Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, it was not befitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, what is the matter that I saw you people clapping frequently during prayer?  If anything happens to someone during prayer, he should say - سبحان الله [Glory be to Allah],' for when he glorifies Allah. He pays attention to him. Clapping applies only to women.

Imam Abu Dawood said this is applicable in the obligatory prayer.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 552
 
Sahl bin Sa’d (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that  fighting took place among the tribe of Banu Amr bin Awf.  The (news) reached the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he came to them for their reconciliation after the noon prayer.  He said to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), if the time of the afternoon prayer comes, and I do not return to you, then ask Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the people in prayer. When the time of the afternoon prayer came, Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called the Adhan and pronounced the Iqama and asked Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (to lead the prayer). He stepped forward. The narrator reported this tradition to the same effect. In the end he (the Prophet ) said; if anything happens to you during the prayer, the men should say - سبحان الله [Glory be to Allah]  and the women should clap.

 
 
‘Isa bin Ayyub said : Clapping by women means that one should strike her left hand with the two fingers of her right hand.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 554
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شَبُّويَةَ الْمَرْوَزِيُّ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُشِيرُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to make a sign during prayer.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 555

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Saying Tasbih (سبحان الله) applies to men during prayer and clapping applies to women. Anyone who makes a sign during his prayer, a sign which is intelligible by implication, should repeat it (his prayer).

Imam Abu Dawood commented on the Hadith saying, this is a result of confusion.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 556
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، - شَيْخٍ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ - أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا ذَرٍّ، يَرْوِيهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا قَامَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّ الرَّحْمَةَ تُوَاجِهُهُ فَلاَ يَمْسَحِ الْحَصَى ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you gets up to pray, he must not remove pebbles, for mercy is facing him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 557
 
 
Mu’aiqib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying ; Do not remove pebbles while you are praying; if you do it out of sheer necessity, do it only once to smooth the pebbles.


CHAPTER (178)

باب الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي مُخْتَصِرًا

A person prays briefly
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 558

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade putting hands on the waist during prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said, 'Ikhtisar' (الاِخْتِصَارِ) means to put one’s hands on one’s waist.

 

CHAPTER (179)

باب الرَّجُلِ يَعْتَمِدُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى عَصًا

A person prays briefly
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 559

Hilal Ibn Yasaf said : I came to ar-Raqqah (a place in Syria). One of my companions said to me : Do you want to see any of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? I said : A good opportunity. So we went to Wabisah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). I said to my friend : Let us first see his mode of living. He had a cap with two ears stuck (to his head), and wearing a brown silken robe. He was resting on a staff during prayer. We asked him (about resting on the staff). After salutation, he said : Umm Qays (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Mihsan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to me that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) became aged he took a prop at his place of prayer and rested on it.

 

 

CHAPTER (180)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنِ الْكَلاَمِ، فِي الصَّلاَةِ

The prohibition of speaking in the prayer
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 560

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَبِي خَالِدٍ، عَنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ شُبَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عَمْرٍو الشَّيْبَانِيِّ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ، قَالَ كَانَ أَحَدُنَا يُكَلِّمُ الرَّجُلَ إِلَى جَنْبِهِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَنَزَلَتْ ‏{‏ وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ ‏}‏ فَأُمِرْنَا بِالسُّكُوتِ وَنُهِينَا عَنِ الْكَلاَمِ ‏.‏

Zaid bin Arqam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : One of us used to speak to the man standing by his side during prayer. Then the Quranic verse -  وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ [And stand up with devotion to Allah] (Al-Baqara - 238)  was revealed.  Thus we were commanded to be quiet and not to talk during  Salah.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (181)

باب فِي صَلاَةِ الْقَاعِدِ

The prayer of the one sitting down
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 561
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ قُدَامَةَ بْنِ أَعْيَنَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ هِلاَلٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ يِسَافٍ - عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ حُدِّثْتُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ صَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ قَاعِدًا نِصْفُ الصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَتَيْتُهُ فَوَجَدْتُهُ يُصَلِّي جَالِسًا فَوَضَعْتُ يَدَىَّ عَلَى رَأْسِي فَقَالَ مَا لَكَ يَا عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرٍو قُلْتُ حُدِّثْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنَّكَ قُلْتَ ‏"‏ صَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ قَاعِدًا نِصْفُ الصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَأَنْتَ تُصَلِّي قَاعِدًا قَالَ ‏"‏ أَجَلْ وَلَكِنِّي لَسْتُ كَأَحَدٍ مِنْكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : It has been narrated to me that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The Prayer of a man in sitting position (carries)  half (the reward of) the prayer (of standing position). I came to him and found him praying in sitting position. I placed my hand on my head (in surprise). He said : what is the matter Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? I said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) I am told that you were  reported as saying : the prayer of a man in sitting position is half the prayer, but you are praying in sitting position. He said : yes, but I am not like one of you.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 562
 
Abdullah bin Buraida (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said :  Imran bin Hussain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about the prayer of a man who offers it in sitting position. He replied : his prayer in standing position is better than his prayer in sitting position and his prayer in sitting position is (carries) half (the reward of) the prayer he offers in standing position, and his prayer in lying position is half the prayer he offers in sitting position.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 563
 
Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I had a fistula; so I asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : offer prayer in standing position; if you are unable to do so, then in sitting position. If you are (unable to do so) then at your side (in lying position).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 564
 
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that she never saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting the Quran in his prayer at night in sitting condition until he became old. Then he used to sit in it (the prayer) and recite the Quran until forty or thirty verses remained, then he stood and recited them and prostrated himself.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 565
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed sitting, he recited the Quran in sitting position. When the amount of his recitation remained about thirty or forty verses he stood up and recited them standing. He then bowed and prostrated and then did so in the second Rak’a of the prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Alqamah bin Waqqas narrated this tradition on the authority of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to the same effect.

 
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray standing at night for a long time, and used to pray sitting at night for a long time. When he prayed standing, he bowed standing, and when he prayed sitting, he bowed sitting.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 567
 
Abdullah bin Shaqiq said : I asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) whether the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited a whole Surah (of the Quran) in one Rak’a of the prayer. She replied : (He recited from among) the Mufassal suras. I asked : Did he pray (at night) sitting? She replied : (he prayed sitting) when the people made him old.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (182)

باب كَيْفَ الْجُلُوسُ فِي التَّشَهُّدِ

How should one sit in the Tasha-hud
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 568
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ الْمُفَضَّلِ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ قُلْتُ لأَنْظُرَنَّ إِلَى صَلاَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَيْفَ يُصَلِّي فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ فَكَبَّرَ فَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى حَاذَتَا بِأُذُنَيْهِ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ شِمَالَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ فَلَمَّا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْكَعَ رَفَعَهُمَا مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ - قَالَ - ثُمَّ جَلَسَ فَافْتَرَشَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُسْرَى وَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ الْيُسْرَى عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُسْرَى وَحَدَّ مِرْفَقَهُ الأَيْمَنَ عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُمْنَى وَقَبَضَ ثِنْتَيْنِ وَحَلَّقَ حَلَقَةً وَرَأَيْتُهُ يَقُولُ هَكَذَا وَحَلَّقَ بِشْرٌ الإِبْهَامَ وَالْوُسْطَى وَأَشَارَ بِالسَّبَّابَةِ ‏.‏

Wa'il Ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he said to himself that he should look at the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) how he prays. He observed that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up and faced the Qibla and uttered the takbir, then he raised his hands till he brought them in front of his ears; then he caught hold of his left hand with his right hand (folded his hands).  When he was about to bow, he raised them (his hands) in a like manner. Then he sat, stretched out his left foot (to sit on it), placed his left hand on his left thigh, and kept away the tip of his right elbow from his right thigh, joined two fingers, formed a ring, to do so. And the narrator Bishr made a ring with the thumb and the middle finger.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 569
 
Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, a Sunnah of the prayer is that you should raise your right foot, and make your left foot lie (on the ground)."
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 570
 
There is another chain for the above Hadith reported from Yahya who said : I heard Al-Qasim saying, Abdullah bin Abdullah informed me that he heard Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying : 'From the Sunnah of the prayer is to lay your left foot on the ground, and raise your right foot.'
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 571
 
There is one more chain for the above Hadith reported from Yahya  similar (to the previous Hadith.
 
Imam Abu Dawood said, Hammad bin Zaid also said (the wording) : 'From the Sunnah' (narrating) from Yahya,  just as Jarir did.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 572
 
There is one more chain for the above Hadith reported from Yahya bin Sa'eed that Al-Qasim bin Muhammad saw them sitting in Tashah-hud, so he mentioned the Hadith.

 
 
It was reported from Ibrahim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he said : 'When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would sit in the prayer, he would place his left foot horizontally - so much so that the upper-part of his foot became black."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (183)

باب مَنْ ذَكَرَ التَّوَرُّكَ فِي الرَّابِعَةِ

Sitting on one's bottom in the fourth raka
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 574
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَاصِمٍ الضَّحَّاكُ بْنُ مَخْلَدٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ يَعْنِي ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ جَعْفَرٍ - حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ فِي، عَشْرَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم - وَقَالَ أَحْمَدُ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَطَاءٍ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا حُمَيْدٍ السَّاعِدِيَّ فِي عَشْرَةٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهُمْ أَبُو قَتَادَةَ - قَالَ أَبُو حُمَيْدٍ أَنَا أَعْلَمُكُمْ بِصَلاَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالُوا فَاعْرِضْ ‏.‏ فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَيَفْتَحُ أَصَابِعَ رِجْلَيْهِ إِذَا سَجَدَ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ وَيَرْفَعُ وَيَثْنِي رِجْلَهُ الْيُسْرَى فَيَقْعُدُ عَلَيْهَا ثُمَّ يَصْنَعُ فِي الأُخْرَى مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ فَذَكَرَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏ قَالَ حَتَّى إِذَا كَانَتِ السَّجْدَةُ الَّتِي فِيهَا التَّسْلِيمُ أَخَّرَ رِجْلَهُ الْيُسْرَى وَقَعَدَ مُتَوَرِّكًا عَلَى شِقِّهِ الأَيْسَرِ ‏.‏ زَادَ أَحْمَدُ قَالُوا صَدَقْتَ هَكَذَا كَانَ يُصَلِّي وَلَمْ يَذْكُرَا فِي حَدِيثِهِمَا الْجُلُوسَ فِي الثِّنْتَيْنِ كَيْفَ جَلَسَ
Abu Humaid As-Sa’idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said (in the presence of ten companions of the Prophet ) : I am more informed than any of you regarding the manner in which the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered his prayer. They said : Present it. The narrator then reported the tradition, saying : he bent the toes of his feet turning them towards the Qibla when he prostrated, then he uttered 'Allah is most great' and raised (his head), and bent his left foot and sat on it, and he did the same in the second Raka. The narrator then transmitted the tradition, and added : In the prostration which ended at the salutation, he sat on the hips at the left side'. Ahmad bin Hanbal added : they said : You are right. This is how he used to pray. They (Ahmed and Musaddad) did not mention in their versions how he sat after offering two rak’a of prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 575
 
Muhammad bin Amr bin Ata (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was sitting in the company of a few Companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He then narrated his tradition, but he did not mention the name of Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said : When he (the Prophet ) sat up after the two rak’a he sat on his left foot; and when sat up after the last rak’a he put out his left foot and sat on his hip.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 576
 
Muhammad bin Amr al-Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I was sitting in the company (of the Companions). He then narrated this tradition saying : When he (the Prophet ) sat up after two rak’a, he sat on the sole of his left foot and raised his right foot. When he sat up after four rak’a, he placed his left hip on the ground and put out his both feet on one side.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 577

Abbas or Ayyash bin Sahl As-Sa’id that he attended a company in which his father was also present. He then narrated this tradition saying : He (the Prophet ) prostrated, he depended on his palms, knees and the toes of his feet. When he sat up, he sat on his hips, and raised his other foot. He then uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and prostrated. He uttered the takbir and stood up and did not sit on his hips. Then he repeated (the same) and offered the second rak’a; he uttered the takbir in the same manner, and sat up after two rak’a. When he was about to stand up, he stood up after saying the takbir. Then he offered the last two rak’a. When he saluted, he saluted on his right and left sides.

Imam Abu Dawood said,  in this tradition there is no mention of sitting on hips and raising hands when he stood after two rak’a as narrated by Abu al-Hamid.

 
 
Abbas bin Sahl narrated that Abu Humaid, Abu usaid, Sahl bin Sa’d and Muhammad bin Maslamah got together. Then he narrated this tradition. But, he did not mention the raising of hands when he stood after two rak’a, nor did he mention sitting. He said : When he finished (his prostration), he spread his foot (on the ground) and turned the toes of his right feet towards the Qibla. (and  sat on his left foot).
 
 

CHAPTER (184)

باب التَّشَهُّدِ

The Tasha-hud
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 579
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَعْمَشِ، حَدَّثَنِي شَقِيقُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا إِذَا جَلَسْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الصَّلاَةِ قُلْنَا السَّلاَمُ عَلَى اللَّهِ قَبْلَ عِبَادِهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَى فُلاَنٍ وَفُلاَنٍ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَقُولُوا السَّلاَمُ عَلَى اللَّهِ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ السَّلاَمُ وَلَكِنْ إِذَا جَلَسَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَقُلِ التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ فَإِنَّكُمْ إِذَا قُلْتُمْ ذَلِكَ أَصَابَ كُلَّ عَبْدٍ صَالِحٍ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ - أَوْ بَيْنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالأَرْضِ - أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ثُمَّ لْيَتَخَيَّرْ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ أَعْجَبَهُ إِلَيْهِ فَيَدْعُو بِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : when we (prayed and) sat  during prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we said : 'Peace be to Allah before it is supplicated for His servants; peace be to so and so. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do not say 'Peace be to Allah, for Allah Himself is peace. When one of you sits (during the prayer), he should say - التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ   [The adoration of the tongue are due to Allah, and acts of worship and all good things. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants]. When you say that, it reaches every upright servant in heavens and earth or between heavens and earth.  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ [ I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Apostle]. Then he may choose any supplication which pleases him and offer it.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 580
حَدَّثَنَا تَمِيمُ بْنُ الْمُنْتَصِرِ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ يُوسُفَ - عَنْ شَرِيكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ كُنَّا لاَ نَدْرِي مَا نَقُولُ إِذَا جَلَسْنَا فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ عَلِمَ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ ‏ .‏  قَالَ شَرِيكٌ وَحَدَّثَنَا جَامِعٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ شَدَّادٍ - عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، بِمِثْلِهِ قَالَ وَكَانَ يُعَلِّمُنَا كَلِمَاتٍ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يُعَلِّمُنَاهُنَّ كَمَا يُعَلِّمُنَا التَّشَهُّدَ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ أَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِنَا وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِنَا وَاهْدِنَا سُبُلَ السَّلاَمِ وَنَجِّنَا مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ وَجَنِّبْنَا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي أَسْمَاعِنَا وَأَبْصَارِنَا وَقُلُوبِنَا وَأَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ وَاجْعَلْنَا شَاكِرِينَ لِنِعْمَتِكَ مُثْنِينَ بِهَا قَابِلِيهَا وَأَتِمَّهَا عَلَيْنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated : We did not know what we should say when we sat during prayer. The Apostle of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was taught (by Allah). He then narrated the tradition to the same effect.  Sharik reported from Jami', from Abu Wa'il on the authority of Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) something similar.  He said : He used to teach us also some other words, but he did not teach them as he taught us the  (Dua after the) Tashah-hud - اللَّهُمَّ أَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِنَا وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِنَا وَاهْدِنَا سُبُلَ السَّلاَمِ وَنَجِّنَا مِنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ وَجَنِّبْنَا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِي أَسْمَاعِنَا وَأَبْصَارِنَا وَقُلُوبِنَا وَأَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ وَاجْعَلْنَا شَاكِرِينَ لِنِعْمَتِكَ مُثْنِينَ بِهَا قَابِلِيهَا وَأَتِمَّهَا عَلَيْنَا [O Allah, join our hearts, mend our social relationship, guide us to the path of peace, bring us from darkness to light, save us from obscenities, outward or inward, and bless our ears, our eyes, our hearts, our wives, our children, and relent toward us; Thou art the Relenting, the Merciful. And make us grateful for Thy blessing and make us praise it while accepting it and give it to us in full].


 

Alqamah said that Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) caught hold of his hand saying that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) caught hold of his  hand and taught him the tashah-hud during the prayer.  He then narrated the (well known) tradition (of tashah-hud). This version adds : 'When you say this or finish this, then you have completed your prayer. If you want to stand up, then stand, and if you want to remain sitting, then remain sitting'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 582
 
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying - التَّحِيَّاتُ لِلَّهِ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ  [The adoration of the tongue are due to Allah, and acts of worship, all good things. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and His blessings]. Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I added - السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [And Allah’s blessings, peace be upon us, and upon Allah’s upright servants. I testify that there is not god but Allah. Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I added to it - وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ‏‏ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏   [ He is alone, no one is His associate, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and His Apostle].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 583

حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنْ حِطَّانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الرَّقَاشِيِّ، قَالَ صَلَّى بِنَا أَبُو مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيُّ فَلَمَّا جَلَسَ فِي آخِرِ صَلاَتِهِ قَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ أُقِرَّتِ الصَّلاَةُ بِالْبِرِّ وَالزَّكَاةِ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا انْفَتَلَ أَبُو مُوسَى أَقْبَلَ عَلَى الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمُ الْقَائِلُ كَلِمَةَ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأَرَمَّ الْقَوْمُ فَقَالَ أَيُّكُمُ الْقَائِلُ كَلِمَةَ كَذَا وَكَذَا فَأَرَمَّ الْقَوْمُ قَالَ فَلَعَلَّكَ يَا حِطَّانُ أَنْتَ قُلْتَهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ مَا قُلْتُهَا وَلَقَدْ رَهِبْتُ أَنْ تَبْكَعَنِي بِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ أَنَا قُلْتُهَا وَمَا أَرَدْتُ بِهَا إِلاَّ الْخَيْرَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى أَمَا تَعْلَمُونَ كَيْفَ تَقُولُونَ فِي صَلاَتِكُمْ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَطَبَنَا فَعَلَّمَنَا وَبَيَّنَ لَنَا سُنَّتَنَا وَعَلَّمَنَا صَلاَتَنَا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا صَلَّيْتُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا صُفُوفَكُمْ ثُمَّ لْيَؤُمَّكُمْ أَحَدُكُمْ فَإِذَا كَبَّرَ فَكَبِّرُوا وَإِذَا قَرَأَ ‏{‏ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ ‏}‏ فَقُولُوا آمِينَ يُجِبْكُمُ اللَّهُ وَإِذَا كَبَّرَ وَرَكَعَ فَكَبِّرُوا وَارْكَعُوا فَإِنَّ الإِمَامَ يَرْكَعُ قَبْلَكُمْ وَيَرْفَعُ قَبْلَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ فَتِلْكَ بِتِلْكَ وَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ فَقُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ يَسْمَعِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى قَالَ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ وَإِذَا كَبَّرَ وَسَجَدَ فَكَبِّرُوا وَاسْجُدُوا فَإِنَّ الإِمَامَ يَسْجُدُ قَبْلَكُمْ وَيَرْفَعُ قَبْلَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ فَتِلْكَ بِتِلْكَ فَإِذَا كَانَ عِنْدَ الْقَعْدَةِ فَلْيَكُنْ مِنْ أَوَّلِ قَوْلِ أَحَدِكُمْ أَنْ يَقُولَ التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَقُلْ أَحْمَدُ ‏"‏ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلاَ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَأَشْهَدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Hittan Ibn Abdullah Ar-Ruqashi narrated that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in prayer. When he sat at the end of his prayer, one of the people said -  أُقِرَّتِ الصَّلاَةُ بِالْبِرِّ وَالزَّكَاةِ [Prayer has been established by virtue and purity].  When Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) finished his prayer, he turned to the people and said : Who among you is the speaker of such and such words? The people remained silent. (He again asked) which of you is the speaker of such and such words? The people remained silent. He said : Hittan, you might have said them. Hittan said : I did not say them. I was afraid you might punish me. (Then) one of them said : I said them and I did not intend by them (anything) except good.

Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Do you not know how you utter (them) in your prayer? The Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) addressed us and taught us and explained to us our way of doing and taught us our prayer.  He said : When you pray in congregation, straighten your rows, then one of you should lead in the prayer. When he (the Imam) says the takbir, say the takbir, and when he recites verses -  غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ [ Not of those upon whom is Your anger, nor of those who err], say Amin. Allah will favor you. When he says 'Allah is most great' and bows, say 'Allah is most great' and bow, for the Imam will bow before you, and will raise (his head) before you.

The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : This is for that. When he says - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ  [ Allah listens to the one who praises Him], say - اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ  [ O Allah, our Lord, to You be praise, Allah be praised]. Allah will listen to you for Allah, the Exalted, said by the tongue of His Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to the one who praises Him].  When he says 'Allah is most great' and prostrates, say : 'Allah is most great' and prostrate, for the Imam prostrates before you and raises his head before you.

The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : This is for that. When he sits, each one of you should say - التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ   [The adorations of the tongue, all good things, and acts of worship are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah's mercy and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah's upright servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Apostle.].

This version of Ahmad does not mention the words 'and His blessings' nor the phrase 'and I testify'; instead, it has the words 'that Muhammad'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 584
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Hittan bin Abdullah al-Ruqashi  through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : When he ( the Imam) recites the Qur’an, keep silence (and listen attentively). And in the tashah-hud this version adds after the words 'I testify that there is no god but Allah' the words 'He is alone, and there is no associate of Him.'

Imam Abu Dawood said,  the words 'And keep silence' are not guarded as these have been narrated by Sulaiman al-Taimi alone in his version.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 585
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to teach us the tashah-hud as he would teach us the Qur’an, and would say - التَّحِيَّاتُ الْمُبَارَكَاتُ الصَّلَوَاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ لِلَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْنَا وَعَلَى عِبَادِ اللَّهِ الصَّالِحِينَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ [ The blessed adoration of the tongue, acts of worship (and) all good things are due to Allah. Peace be upon you, O Prophet, and Allah’s mercy and His blessings. Peace be upon us and upon Allah’s upright servants. I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle].
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 586
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ حَسَّانَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى أَبُو دَاوُدَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ سَعْدِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، حَدَّثَنِي خُبَيْبُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، أَمَّا بَعْدُ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا كَانَ فِي وَسَطِ الصَّلاَةِ أَوْ حِينَ انْقِضَائِهَا فَابْدَءُوا قَبْلَ التَّسْلِيمِ فَقُولُوا ‏ "‏ التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالْمُلْكُ لِلَّهِ ثُمَّ سَلِّمُوا عَلَى الْيَمِينِ ثُمَّ سَلِّمُوا عَلَى قَارِئِكُمْ وَعَلَى أَنْفُسِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى كُوفِيُّ الأَصْلِ كَانَ بِدِمَشْقَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ دَلَّتْ هَذِهِ الصَّحِيفَةُ عَلَى أَنَّ الْحَسَنَ سَمِعَ مِنْ سَمُرَةَ ‏.‏

Samurah ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated tha the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded us (to recite) when we sit in the middle of the prayer or at its end before the salutation -  التَّحِيَّاتُ الطَّيِّبَاتُ وَالصَّلَوَاتُ وَالْمُلْكُ لِلَّهِ [The adorations of the tongue, all good things, acts of worship, and the Kingdom are due to Allah]. Then give salutation to the right side; then salute your reciter (the Imam) and yourselves.

Imam Abu Dawud said, Sulaiman bin Musa hails from Kufah and he lives in Damascus.  This collection of traditions indicates that al-Hasan (al-Basri) heard traditions from Samurah (bin Jundub).

 

 

CHAPTER (185)

باب الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَ التَّشَهُّدِ

Sending salat upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) after the Tasha-hud
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 587
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ كَعْبِ بْنِ عُجْرَةَ، قَالَ قُلْنَا أَوْ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَمَرْتَنَا أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ عَلَيْكَ وَأَنْ نُسَلِّمَ عَلَيْكَ فَأَمَّا السَّلاَمُ فَقَدْ عَرَفْنَاهُ فَكَيْفَ نُصَلِّي عَلَيْكَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُولُوا اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ka’b bin Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We said or the people said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) you have commanded us to invoke blessing on you and to salute you. As regards salutation we have already learnt it. How should we invoke blessing?  He said : Say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ [O Allah, bless Muhammad and Muhammad’s family as You have blessed Ibrahim  and his family. O Allah, grant favor to Muhammad and Muhammad’s family as You granted favor to Ibrahim. You are  indeed praiseworthy and glorious].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 588
 
This tradition has also been reported by Shu’bah through a different chain of narrators. This version adds - صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ [ Bless Muhammad and Muhammad’s family as You have blessed Ibrahim].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 589
 

This (tradition) has been transmitted by al-Hakam through a different chain of narrators. This version has - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ اللَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ [O Allah, bless Muhammad and Muhammad’s family as You have blessed Ibrahim. You are indeed praiseworthy and glorious. O Allah grant favors to Muhammad and Muhammad’s family as You have granted favor to Ibrahim’s family. You indeed praiseworthy and glorious].

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by az-Zubair bin Adi as narrated by Mis’ar, except that his version goes - كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ [As You have blessed Ibrahim’s family. You are indeed praiseworthy and glorious. And grant favors to Muhammad].  He then narrated the tradition in full.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 590 
 
Abu Humaid al-Said (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that some people asked : Apostle of Allah, how should we invoke blessings on you? He said, Say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَبَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ كَمَا بَارَكْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ   [ O Allah, bless Muhammad, his wives and his off springs, as You have blessed Ibrahim’s family, and grant favors to Muhammad’s family, his wives and off springs, as You have granted favors to Ibrahim’s family. You are indeed praiseworthy and glorious.]
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 591
 
Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that (once) the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us in a meeting of Sa’d bin ‘Ubadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Bashir bin Sa’d (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him : Allah has commanded us to invoke blessings on you, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). How should we invoke blessings on you? The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept silence so much so that we wished he would not ask him. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Say : He then narrated the tradition like that of Ka’b bin ‘Ujrah. This version adds in the end : 'In the universe, You are praiseworthy and glorious'.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 592
 
 
This tradition has also been reported by Uqbah bin Amr through a different chain of narrators. This version add s: Say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ [O Allah, bless Muhammad, the Prophet, the unlettered, and Muhammad’s family].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 593
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as sayings : if anyone would like to have the fullest measure granted to him when he invokes blessings on us, the members of the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) family, he should say - اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ وَأَزْوَاجِهِ أُمَّهَاتِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَذُرِّيَّتِهِ وَأَهْلِ بَيْتِهِ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى آلِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ إِنَّكَ حَمِيدٌ مَجِيدٌ [O Allah, bless Muhammad, the unlettered Prophet, his wives who are the mother of the faithful, his off springs, and the people of his house as You bless the family of Ibrahim. You are indeed praiseworthy and glorious].
 
 

CHAPTER (186)

باب مَا يَقُولُ بَعْدَ التَّشَهُّدِ

What should be said after the Tasha-hud
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 594
 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When one of you finishes the last tashah-hud, he should seek refuge in Allah from four things -  عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ وَمِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَمِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَحْيَا وَالْمَمَاتِ وَمِنْ شَرِّ الْمَسِيحِ الدَّجَّالِ [ the punishment in Hell, the punishment in the grave, the trial of life and death, and the evil of Antichrist.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 595
 
حَدَّثَنَا وَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ، أَخْبَرَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ يُونُسَ الْيَمَامِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ طَاوُسٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ طَاوُسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ بَعْدَ التَّشَهُّدِ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّالِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَحْيَا وَالْمَمَاتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say after the tashah-hud - اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ جَهَنَّمَ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عَذَابِ الْقَبْرِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الدَّجَّالِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْمَحْيَا وَالْمَمَاتِ [O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the punishment in Hell, and I seek refuge in You from the punishment in the grave, and I seek refuge in You from the trial of antichrist, and I seek refuge in You from the trial of life and death].

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 596
 

Mihjan Ibn al-Adra' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered the mosque and saw a man who had finished his prayer and was reciting the tashah-hud saying - اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ يَا اللَّهُ الأَحَدُ الصَّمَدُ الَّذِي لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي ذُنُوبِي إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ [ O Allah, I ask you, O Allah, the One, the eternally besought of all, He begetteth not, nor was He begotten, and there is none comparable unto Him, that you may forgive me my sins, you are Most Forgiving, Merciful].  He (the Prophet ) said : He was forgiven (repeating three times.)

 

CHAPTER (187)

باب إِخْفَاءِ التَّشَهُّدِ

Reciting the Tasha-hud silently
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 597

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْكِنْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ بُكَيْرٍ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ مِنَ السُّنَّةِ أَنْ يُخْفَى التَّشَهُّدُ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that it pertains to the sunnah to utter the tashah-hud quietly.

 

CHAPTER (188)

باب الإِشَارَةِ فِي التَّشَهُّدِ

Pointing (with the finger) during the Tasha-hud
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 598
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ أَبِي مَرْيَمَ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمُعَاوِيِّ، قَالَ رَآنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ وَأَنَا أَعْبَثُ بِالْحَصَى فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلَمَّا انْصَرَفَ نَهَانِي وَقَالَ اصْنَعْ كَمَا كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَصْنَعُ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ وَكَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَصْنَعُ قَالَ كَانَ إِذَا جَلَسَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَضَعَ كَفَّهُ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُمْنَى وَقَبَضَ أَصَابِعَهُ كُلَّهَا وَأَشَارَ بِأُصْبُعِهِ الَّتِي تَلِي الإِبْهَامَ وَوَضَعَ كَفَّهُ الْيُسْرَى عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُسْرَى ‏.‏
 
Abdur Rahman al-Mu’awl  reported that Abdullah bin ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw me playing with pebbles during prayer. When he finished his prayer, he forbade me (to do so) and said : Do as the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do. I asked him: How would the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) do? He said: When he sat during the prayer (for reciting the tashah-hud), he placed his right hand on his right thigh, and clenched all his fingers, and pointed with the finger which is adjacent to the thumb, and he placed his left hand on his left thigh.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 599
 
Abdullah bin Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sat during the prayer ( at the tashah-hud), he placed his left foot under his right thigh and shin and spread his right foot and placed his left hand on his left knee and placed his right hand on his right thigh, and he pointed with his forefinger.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 600
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْمِصِّيصِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ زِيَادٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، أَنَّهُ ذَكَرَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُشِيرُ بِأُصْبُعِهِ إِذَا دَعَا وَلاَ يُحَرِّكُهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ وَزَادَ عَمْرُو بْنُ دِينَارٍ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَامِرٌ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَنَّهُ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَدْعُو كَذَلِكَ وَيَتَحَامَلُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِيَدِهِ الْيُسْرَى عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُسْرَى ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Zubayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to point with his finger (at the end of the tashah-hud) and he would not move it. Ibn Juraij said : And 'Amr bin Dinar added : 'He (Ziyad) said : 'Amir informed me from his father that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) supplicating like that. And the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would brace himself with his left hand on his left knee.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 601
 
Abdullah bin Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated the above mentioned tradition on the authority of his father saying : He kept his look fixed on the finger he was pointing.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 602
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ - حَدَّثَنَا عِصَامُ بْنُ قُدَامَةَ، - مِنْ بَنِي بُجَيْلَةَ - عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ الْخُزَاعِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَاضِعًا ذِرَاعَهُ الْيُمْنَى عَلَى فَخِذِهِ الْيُمْنَى رَافِعًا أُصْبُعَهُ السَّبَّابَةَ قَدْ حَنَاهَا شَيْئًا ‏.‏

Abu Malik Numayr al-Khuza'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) placing his right hand on his right thigh and raising his forefinger curving it a little.