CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.14)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 603
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، وَأَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ شَبُّويَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ الْغَزَّالُ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ نَهَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم - قَالَ - أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ - أَنْ يَجْلِسَ الرَّجُلُ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَهُوَ مُعْتَمِدٌ عَلَى يَدِهِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ابْنُ شَبُّويَةَ نَهَى أَنْ يَعْتَمِدَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى يَدِهِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ابْنُ رَافِعٍ نَهَى أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ الرَّجُلُ وَهُوَ مُعْتَمِدٌ عَلَى يَدِهِ ‏.‏ وَذَكَرَهُ فِي بَابِ الرَّفْعِ مِنَ السُّجُودِ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ نَهَى أَنْ يَعْتَمِدَ الرَّجُلُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ إِذَا نَهَضَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited, according to the version of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, a person should sit during prayer while he is leaning on his hand.  As per the version of Ibn Shibwayh, he prohibited that a man should lean on his hand during prayer.  According to the version of Ibn Rafi', he prohibited that a man should pray while he is leaning on his hand, and he mentioned this tradition in the chapter on 'Raising the head after prostration.  According to the version of Ibn Abdul Malik, he prohibited that a man should lean on his hand when he stands up after prostration.

 
حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أُمَيَّةَ، سَأَلْتُ نَافِعًا عَنِ الرَّجُلِ، يُصَلِّي وَهُوَ مُشَبِّكٌ يَدَيْهِ قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ تِلْكَ صَلاَةُ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏
 
Isma’il bin Umayyah said : I asked about a man who intertwines his fingers while he is engaged in prayer. He said that Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had said : This is the prayer of those who earn the anger of Allah.
 
 
 
Nafi said Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw a man resting on his left hand while he was sitting during prayer. The version of Harun bin Zaid goes : He was lying on his left side. The agreed version goes : he said to him : Do not sit like this, because those who are punished sit like this.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 606
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الأُولَيَيْنِ كَأَنَّهُ عَلَى الرَّضْفِ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ حَتَّى يَقُومَ قَالَ حَتَّى يَقُومَ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was in the first two rak'a as though he were on heated stones. The narrator Shu'bah said : We said : Till he (the Prophet ) got up.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 607
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زَائِدَةُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الْمُحَارِبِيُّ، وَزِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عُمَرُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الطَّنَافِسِيُّ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا تَمِيمُ بْنُ الْمُنْتَصِرِ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ يُوسُفَ - عَنْ شَرِيكٍ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مَنِيعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، كُلُّهُمْ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، وَقَالَ، إِسْرَائِيلُ عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، وَالأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُسَلِّمُ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ حَتَّى يُرَى بَيَاضُ خَدِّهِ ‏ "‏ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا لَفْظُ حَدِيثِ سُفْيَانَ وَحَدِيثُ إِسْرَائِيلَ لَمْ يُفَسِّرْهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ زُهَيْرٌ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ وَيَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ عَنْ أَبِيهِ وَعَلْقَمَةَ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ شُعْبَةُ كَانَ يُنْكِرُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ - حَدِيثَ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ - أَنْ يَكُونَ مَرْفُوعًا ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to give the salutation to his left and right sides until the whiteness of his cheek was seen, (saying) - السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ [ Peace be upon you, and mercy of Allah] twice.

Imam Abu Dawood said this is a version of the tradition reported by Abu Sufyan. The version of Isra'il did not explain it. He said, this tradition has been narrated by Zubayr from Abu Ishaq and Yahya Ibn Adam from Isra'il from Abu Ishaq from Abdur Rahman Ibn al-Aswad from his father from Alqamah on the authority of Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Abu Dawud said : Shu'bah used to reject this tradition, the tradition narrated by Abu Ishaq as coming from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 608
 

Wa'il Ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he offered prayer along with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He would give the salutation to his right side (saying) - السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ [Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah] and His blessings. And to his left side (saying) - السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ [Peace be upon you and mercy of Allah].

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 609
 
Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when we prayed behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), one of us gave the salutation and pointed with his hand to the man to his right side and left side. When he finished his prayer, he said : What is the matter that one of you points with his hand (during prayer) just like the tails of restive horses. It is sufficient for one of you, or is it not sufficient for one of you to say in this manner? And he pointed with his finger; one should salute his brother at his right and left side.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 610
 
 
The aforesaid tradition has also been narrated by Mis’ar through a different chain of transmitters to the same effect. This version adds : Is it not sufficient for one of you or for one of them that he puts his hand on his thigh, and then gives the salutation to his brother to his right and left sides.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 611
 
Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered  (the mosque) while the people were raising their hands. The narrator Zubair said : I think ( they were raising the hands) during prayer. He (the Prophet ) said : 'What is the matter, I see you raising your hands as if they are the tails of restive horses! Maintain tranquility during prayer'.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 612
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُثْمَانَ أَبُو الْجَمَاهِرِ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ بَشِيرٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ أَمَرَنَا النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ نَرُدَّ عَلَى الإِمَامِ وَأَنْ نَتَحَابَّ وَأَنْ يُسَلِّمَ بَعْضُنَا عَلَى بَعْضٍ ‏.‏

Samurah Ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded us to respond to the salutation of the Imam and to love each other and to salute each other.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 613

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْبَدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ كَانَ يُعْلَمُ انْقِضَاءُ صَلاَةِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالتَّكْبِيرِ ‏.‏

Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the end of the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was known by the takbir (pronounced aloud).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 614

Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : To raise the voice for Zikr of Allah after the people had finished their obligatory prayer was the practice during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  Ibn Abbas said : By this Zikr, I used to know when they have finished the prayer and would listen to the Zikr of Allah (done loudly).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 615
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ الْفِرْيَابِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَوْزَاعِيُّ، عَنْ قُرَّةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ حَذْفُ السَّلاَمِ سُنَّةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عِيسَى نَهَانِي ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ رَفْعِ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا عُمَيْرٍ عِيسَى بْنَ يُونُسَ الْفَاخُورِيَّ الرَّمْلِيَّ قَالَ لَمَّا رَجَعَ الْفِرْيَابِيُّ مِنْ مَكَّةَ تَرَكَ رَفْعَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ نَهَاهُ أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ عَنْ رَفْعِهِ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Shortening the salutation is Sunnah. The narrator 'Isa said: Ibn al-Mubarak prohibited me from reporting this tradition as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

Imam Abu Dawood said : I heard Abu 'Umar 'Isa bin Yunus al-Fakhuri al-Ramil saying : When al-Firyabi returned from Makka, he gave up narrating this tradition as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : Ahmad bin Hanbal forbade to report this tradition directly from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 616

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ الأَحْوَلِ، عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ حِطَّانَ، عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ سَلاَّمٍ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ طَلْقٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا فَسَا أَحَدُكُمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلْيَنْصَرِفْ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ وَلْيُعِدْ صَلاَتَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Is any one of you strained (according to the version of the narrator Abdul Warith) from stepping forward or backward or to his right or left?  The version of Hammad has : for praying Nafil (supererogatory) Salah.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 618

Al-Azraq Ibn Qays reported that an Imam of ours, whose kunyah (surname) was Abu Rimthah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), led us in prayer and said : I prayed this prayer, or one like it, with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) were standing in the front row on his right and there was a man who had been present at the first takbir in the prayer. The Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered the prayer, then did the salutation to his right and his left as we saw the whiteness of his cheeks, then turned away as Abu Rimthah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (meaning himself) had done.

The man who has been present with him (the Prophet ) at the first takbir in the prayer then got up to pray another prayer, whereupon Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) leaped up and, seizing him by the shoulders, shook him and said : Sit down, for the people of the Book perished for no other reason than that there was no interval between their prayers.  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raised his eyes and said : Allah has made you say what is right, son of al-Khattab.

Imam Abu Dawood said sometimes the name of Abu Umayyah is narrated instead of Abu Rimthah (in the Hadith).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 619

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ صَلَّى بِنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِحْدَى صَلاَتَىِ الْعَشِيِّ - الظُّهْرَ أَوِ الْعَصْرَ قَالَ - فَصَلَّى بِنَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ثُمَّ قَامَ إِلَى خَشَبَةٍ فِي مُقَدَّمِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَوَضَعَ يَدَيْهِ عَلَيْهَا إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الأُخْرَى يُعْرَفُ فِي وَجْهِهِ الْغَضَبُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ سَرَعَانُ النَّاسِ وَهُمْ يَقُولُونَ قَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ قَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ وَفِي النَّاسِ أَبُو بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرُ فَهَابَاهُ أَنْ يُكَلِّمَاهُ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسَمِّيهِ ذَا الْيَدَيْنِ فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَنَسِيتَ أَمْ قَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ قَالَ ‏"‏ لَمْ أَنْسَ وَلَمْ تَقْصُرِ الصَّلاَةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ بَلْ نَسِيتَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَأَقْبَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى الْقَوْمِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَصَدَقَ ذُو الْيَدَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَوْمَئُوا أَىْ نَعَمْ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى مَقَامِهِ فَصَلَّى الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ الْبَاقِيَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ثُمَّ كَبَّرَ وَسَجَدَ مِثْلَ سُجُودِهِ أَوْ أَطْوَلَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ وَكَبَّرَ ثُمَّ كَبَّرَ وَسَجَدَ مِثْلَ سُجُودِهِ أَوْ أَطْوَلَ ثُمَّ رَفَعَ وَكَبَّرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقِيلَ لِمُحَمَّدٍ سَلَّمَ فِي السَّهْوِ فَقَالَ لَمْ أَحْفَظْهُ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَلَكِنْ نُبِّئْتُ أَنَّ عِمْرَانَ بْنَ حُصَيْنٍ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narraated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in one of the  Isha, Zuhr or Asr prayers. He led us in two Rak’a and gave the salutation. He then got up going towards a piece of wood which was placed in the front part of the mosque. He placed his hands upon it, one on the other, looking from his face as if he was angry. The people came out hastily saying : the prayer has been shortened. Abu Bakr and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) were among the people, but they were too afraid to speak to him. A man whom the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would call  'the possessor of arms' (Dhu al-Yadain) stood up (asking him) : Have you forgotten, O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), or has the prayer been shortened? He said : I have neither forgotten nor has it been shortened. He said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you have forgotten. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) turned towards the people and asked : did the possessor of arms speak the truth? They made a sign , that is, yes. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) returned to his place and prayed the remaining two Rak’a, then did the salutation. He then uttered the takbir and prostrated himself as usual or prolonged. He then raised his head and uttered the takbir; then he uttered the takbir and made prostration as usual or made longer (prostration). Then he raised his head and uttered the takbir (Allah is most great). The narrator Muhammad was asked : Did he give the salutation (while prostrating) due to forgetfulness? He said : I do not remember it from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). But we Are sure that Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (in his version) said; he then did the salutation.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 620

The above tradition has been narrated through a different chain of transmitters; but the version of Hammad is more perfect. This version goes; then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed; it does not have the words, 'led us (in prayer),' nor the words 'they made a sign'. Thereupon the people said : Yes. He then raised his head. The version does not mention the words 'he uttered the takbir. He then uttered the takbir and made the prostration as usual or prolonged it. He then raised his head'. The narrator then said prostration as usual or prolonged it. He then raised his head. The narrator then finished the tradition and did not mention the words that follow it. He did not mention the words 'they made a sign', but Hammad bin Zaid mentioned them in his version.

Imam Abu dawood said, anyone who narrated this tradition did not mention the words ' then he uttered the takbir', nor the words 'he returned'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 621
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer. He then narrated the same version reported by Hammad up to the words 'we are sure that - Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : then he did the salutation.'  The narrator said : I asked (Mohammad bin Sirin) What about the Tasha-hud? He replied : I did not hear anything about the tashah-hud, but it is more liking to me that one should recite the tashah-hud. This version does not have the words 'whom he called the possessor of arms (Dhu al-yadain). Nor the words 'they made a sign,' nor the word 'anger'. The tradition narrated by Hammad from Ayyub is more perfect.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 622

The above mentioned tradition has also been narrated by Abu Huraira () through a different chain of transmitters. This version goes : the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttered the takbir and prostrated himself (in a tradition relating to the incidence of the possessor of arms (Dhu al-yadain). The narrator Hisham (Ibn Hassan) said : he uttered the takbir ; then he uttered the takbir and prostrated himself.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has also been narrated by Habib bin al-shahid, Humaid, Yunus, and Asim bin al-Ahwal, from Muhammad on the authority of abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) none of them mentioned what Hammad bin Zaid mentioned from from Hisham that he uttered the takbir,  then uttered the takbir and prostrated himself. Hammad bin Sallamah and Abu Bakr bin Ayyash also narrated this tradition from Hisham, but they did not narrate from him what Hammad bin Zaid narrated that he uttered the takbir and again uttered the takbir.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 623
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version goes : he did not make two prostrations (at the end of prayer) due to forgetfulness until Allah gave him satisfaction about it.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 624

Ibn Shihab (az-Zuhr) reported on the authority of Abu Bakr bin Sulaiman bin Abi Hathmah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did not make two prostrations when are made when one is doubtful until the people met him.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has also been transmitted by az-Zahidi from Az-Zuhr from Abu Bakr bin Sulaiman bin Abi Hathman from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). This version goes : he did not make two prostrations on account of forgetfulness.

 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 625
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported; The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered the Zuhr prayer and he did the salutation at the end of two rak'a. He was asked. Has the prayer been shortened? Then he offered two rak'a of the prayer and made two prostrations (at the end of it).

 
حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَسَدٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شَبَابَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْصَرَفَ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ مِنْ صَلاَةِ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَجُلٌ أَقَصُرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَمْ نَسِيتَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ كُلَّ ذَلِكَ لَمْ أَفْعَلْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّاسُ قَدْ فَعَلْتَ ذَلِكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ فَرَكَعَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ أُخْرَيَيْنِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ وَلَمْ يَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ دَاوُدُ بْنُ الْحُصَيْنِ عَنْ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ مَوْلَى ابْنِ أَبِي أَحْمَدَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِهَذِهِ الْقِصَّةِ قَالَ ثُمَّ سَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished two rak'a of an obligatory prayer, a man asked him : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), has the prayer been shortened, or have you forgotten? he replied : I did not do all that. The people said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you did that. Therefore, he offered another two rak'a of prayer and did not make two prostrations due to forgetfulness.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has also been narrated by Dawud al-Hussain from Abu Sufyan, freed slave of Ibn Abi Ahmad on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). This version goes : He then made two prostrations while he was sitting after the salutation.


 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that  He (the Prophet ) then made two prostration on account of forgetfulness after he had done the salutation.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 628
 
Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer and gave the salutation after two raka of prayer. He narrated this tradition like that of Ibn Sirin from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). This version adds : he gave the salutation and did two prostrations of forgetfulness.
 
 
 
Imran bin Husain (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did the salutation at the end of three raka in the Asr prayer, then went into the apartment (according to the version of Maslamah). A man called al-Khirbaq who had long arms got up and said, has the prayer been shortened, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? He came out angrily trailing his cloak and said : Is he telling the truth? They said, Yes. He then prayed that raka, then did the salutation, then made two prostrations, then did the salutation.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 630
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، وَمُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالَ حَفْصٌ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الظُّهْرَ خَمْسًا ‏.‏ فَقِيلَ لَهُ أَزِيدَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ قَالَ ‏ "‏ وَمَا ذَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ صَلَّيْتَ خَمْسًا ‏.‏ فَسَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ مَا سَلَّمَ ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed five rak’a in the Zuhr prayer. He was asked whether the prayer had been extended. He asked what they meant by that. The people said : you prayed five rak’a. Then he made two prostrations after having done the salutation.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 631
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم - قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ فَلاَ أَدْرِي زَادَ أَمْ نَقَصَ - فَلَمَّا سَلَّمَ قِيلَ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَحَدَثَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ شَىْءٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَمَا ذَاكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا صَلَّيْتَ كَذَا وَكَذَا ‏.‏ فَثَنَى رِجْلَهُ وَاسْتَقْبَلَ الْقِبْلَةَ فَسَجَدَ بِهِمْ سَجْدَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ فَلَمَّا انْفَتَلَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا بِوَجْهِهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّهُ لَوْ حَدَثَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ شَىْءٌ أَنْبَأْتُكُمْ بِهِ وَلَكِنْ إِنَّمَا أَنَا بَشَرٌ أَنْسَى كَمَا تَنْسَوْنَ فَإِذَا نَسِيتُ فَذَكِّرُونِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا شَكَّ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَتَحَرَّ الصَّوَابَ فَلْيُتِمَّ عَلَيْهِ ثُمَّ لْيُسَلِّمْ ثُمَّ لْيَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَيْنِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered prayer. The version of the narrator Ibrahim goes : I do not know whether he increased or decreased (the rak'a of prayer).  When he gave the salutation, he was asked : Has something new happened in the prayer, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? He said : What is it? They said : You prayed so many and so many (rak'a). He then relented his foot and faced the Qibla and made two prostrations. He then gave the salutation. When he turned away (finished the prayer), he turned his face to us and said : Had anything new happened in prayer, I would have informed you. I am only a human being and I forget just as you do; so when I forget, remind me, and when any of you is in doubt about his prayer he should aim at what is correct, and complete his prayer in that respect, then give the salutation and afterwards do two prostrations.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 632
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version goes : when one of you forgets (in his prayer), he should do two prostrations. Then he turned away, and did two prostrations (of forgetfulness).

Imam Abu Dawood said the narrator Husain also reported it like al-A'mash.

 
 
 
Abdulllah (bin Mas’ud) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in five rak’a of prayer. When he finished his prayer, the people whispered among themselves. He asked, what is the matter with you? They said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), has (the number of the rak’a of) the prayer been increased? he said : No. They said; you have offered five rak’a of prayer. He then turned away and performed two prostrations, and afterwards did the salutation. He then said : I am only a human being, I forget, as you forget.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 634
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَعْدٍ - عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، أَنَّ سُوَيْدَ بْنَ قَيْسٍ، أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ حُدَيْجٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى يَوْمًا فَسَلَّمَ وَقَدْ بَقِيَتْ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ رَكْعَةٌ فَأَدْرَكَهُ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ نَسِيتَ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ رَكْعَةً فَرَجَعَ فَدَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ وَأَمَرَ بِلاَلاً فَأَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ فَصَلَّى لِلنَّاسِ رَكْعَةً فَأَخْبَرْتُ بِذَلِكَ النَّاسَ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا لِي أَتَعْرِفُ الرَّجُلَ قُلْتُ لاَ إِلاَّ أَنْ أَرَاهُ فَمَرَّ بِي فَقُلْتُ هَذَا هُوَ ‏.‏ فَقَالُوا هَذَا طَلْحَةُ بْنُ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ ‏.‏

Mu'awiyah ibn Khudayj (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that one day the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed and did the salutation while a rak'ah of the prayer remained to be offered. A man went to him and said : You forgot to offer one rak'ah of prayer. Then he returned and entered the mosque and ordered Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (to utter the Iqama). He uttered the Iqama for prayer. He then led the people in one rak'a of prayer. I stated it to the people. They asked me : Do you know who he was? I said : No, but I can recognize him if I see him. Then the man passed by me, I said : It is he. The people said : This is Talhah Ibn Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 635
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا شَكَّ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيُلْقِ الشَّكَّ وَلْيَبْنِ عَلَى الْيَقِينِ فَإِذَا اسْتَيْقَنَ التَّمَامَ سَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ فَإِنْ كَانَتْ صَلاَتُهُ تَامَّةً كَانَتِ الرَّكْعَةُ نَافِلَةً وَالسَّجْدَتَانِ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ نَاقِصَةً كَانَتِ الرَّكْعَةُ تَمَامًا لِصَلاَتِهِ وَكَانَتِ السَّجْدَتَانِ مُرْغِمَتَىِ الشَّيْطَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ هِشَامُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُطَرِّفٍ عَنْ زَيْدٍ عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَحَدِيثُ أَبِي خَالِدٍ أَشْبَعُ ‏.‏

Ata bin Yasar said that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when one of you is in doubt about his prayer (how much he has prayed), he should throw away his doubt and base his prayer on what he is sure of. When he is sure about the completion of his prayer, he should make two prostrations (at the end of the prayer). If the prayer is complete, the additional rak’ah and the two prostrations will be supererogatory prayer. If the prayer is incomplete, the additional rak’ahs will compensate it, and the two prostrations will be a disgrace for the devil.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 636
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ أَبِي رِزْمَةَ، أَخْبَرَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ كَيْسَانَ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَمَّى سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ الْمُرْغِمَتَيْنِ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) named the two prostrations of forgetfulness disgraceful for the devil.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 637

Ata' Ibn Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you is in doubt about his prayer and does not know how much he has prayed, three or four rak'a, he should pray one (additional) rak'ah and make two prostrations while sitting before doing the salutation. If the (additional) rak'ah which he prayed is the fifth one, he will make it an even number by these two prostrations. If it is the fourth one, the two prostrations will be a disgrace for the devil.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 638
 

Zaid bin Aslam reported on the authority of the chain of Malik that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If one of you is in doubt about his prayer, and if he is sure that he prayed three rak'ah, he should stand and complete one rak'ah along with its prostrations. Then he should sit and recite the tashah-hud. When he finishes the prayer, and there remains nothing except salutation, he should make two prostrations while he is sitting and afterwards should give the salutation. The narrator then narrated the tradition similar to that of Malik.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has also been narrated by Ibn Wahb from Malik, Hafs bin Maisarah, Dawud bin Qais and Hisham bin Sa'd. But Hisham projected it to Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 639

حَدَّثَنَا النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ خُصَيْفٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا كُنْتَ فِي صَلاَةٍ فَشَكَكْتَ فِي ثَلاَثٍ أَوْ أَرْبَعٍ وَأَكْبَرُ ظَنِّكَ عَلَى أَرْبَعٍ تَشَهَّدْتَ ثُمَّ سَجَدْتَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَأَنْتَ جَالِسٌ قَبْلَ أَنْ تُسَلِّمَ ثُمَّ تَشَهَّدْتَ أَيْضًا ثُمَّ تُسَلِّمُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ عَنْ خُصَيْفٍ وَلَمْ يَرْفَعْهُ وَوَافَقَ عَبْدَ الْوَاحِدِ أَيْضًا سُفْيَانُ وَشَرِيكٌ وَإِسْرَائِيلُ وَاخْتَلَفُوا فِي الْكَلاَمِ فِي مَتْنِ الْحَدِيثِ وَلَمْ يُسْنِدُوهُ ‏.‏

Abu Ubaida reported, on the authority of his father Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When you offer the prayer, and you are in doubt about the number of rak'a whether offered three or four, and you have prayed four rak'a in all probability in your opinion, you should recite tashah-hud and make two prostrations while you are sitting before giving the salutation. afterwards you should recite the tashah-hud and give the salutation again.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by 'Abdul Wahid from Khusaif, but he did not report it as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The version of 'Abdul Wahid has been corroborated by Sufyan, Sharik, and Isra'il. They differed among themselves about the text of the tradition and they did not narrate it with the continuous chain up to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 640
 

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you prays, and he does not know whether he prayed more or less rak'a, he should do two prostrations while he is sitting. If the devil comes to him, and tells him (insinuate him) : 'You have been defiled', he should say : 'You have told a lie', except that he feels smell with his nose, or sound with his ears (then his ablution will break). These are the wordings of the tradition reported by Aban.

Imam Abu Dawood said Ma'mar and Abi bin al-Mubarak mentioned the name 'Iyad bin Hilal;  and al-Awza'i mentioned the name of Iyad bin Abi Zuhair.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 641
 

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When one of you stands up to pray, the devil comes to him and confuses him so that he does not know how much he has prayed. If any of you has such an experience, he should perform two prostrations while he is sitting.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated in a similar manner by Ibn Uyainab, Ma’mar and al-Laith.


 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 642 
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Muhammad bin Muslim through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : 'While he is sitting before he does the salutation'.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 643
 
This traditions has also been narrated by Muhammad bin Muslim Az-Zuhr through a different chain of transmitters and to the same effect. This version adds : He should perform two prostrations before giving the salutation.


 

CHAPTER (201)

باب مَنْ قَالَ بَعْدَ التَّسْلِيمِ

Those who said the prostrations should be after the Tasleem
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 644
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُسَافِعٍ، أَنَّ مُصْعَبَ بْنَ شَيْبَةَ، أَخْبَرَهُ عَنْ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ شَكَّ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَسْجُدْ سَجْدَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ مَا يُسَلِّمُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Ja'far (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Anyone who is in doubt in his prayer should make two prostrations after the salutation.

 

CHAPTER (202)

باب مَنْ قَامَ مِنْ ثِنْتَيْنِ وَلَمْ يَتَشَهَّدْ

One who stands up after two rak'a without (sitting for) Tasha-hud
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 645
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ابْنِ بُحَيْنَةَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ صَلَّى لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَلَمْ يَجْلِسْ فَقَامَ النَّاسُ مَعَهُ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ وَانْتَظَرْنَا التَّسْلِيمَ كَبَّرَ فَسَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ قَبْلَ التَّسْلِيمِ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Buhayna (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer praying two rak'a. When he stood up and did not sit (at the end of two rak'a) the people stood up along with him. When he finished the prayer and we expected him todo  the salutation, he said :  the Takbir, (Allah is most great). While sitting and made two prostrations before the salutation.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 646  

The above tradition has also been transmitted by Az-Zuhri through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds : Some of us recited the Tashah-hud while they were standing.

Imam Abu Dawood said  Ibn Zubair made two prostrations before giving the salutation in a similar way when he stood up at the end of two rak’a. This is the opinion of Az-Zuhri.

 

CHAPTER (203)

باب مَنْ نَسِيَ أَنْ يَتَشَهَّدَ وَهُوَ جَالِسٌ

One who forgets the Tasha-hud while sitting
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 647
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، - يَعْنِي الْجُعْفِيَّ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُغِيرَةُ بْنُ شُبَيْلٍ الأَحْمَسِيُّ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا قَامَ الإِمَامُ فِي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ فَإِنْ ذَكَرَ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَسْتَوِيَ قَائِمًا فَلْيَجْلِسْ فَإِنِ اسْتَوَى قَائِمًا فَلاَ يَجْلِسْ وَيَسْجُدُ سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَلَيْسَ فِي كِتَابِي عَنْ جَابِرٍ الْجُعْفِيِّ إِلاَّ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ ‏.‏

Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When an Imam stands up at the end of two rak'a, if he remembers before standing straight up, he should sit down, but if he stands straight up, he must not sit down, but perform the two prostrations of forgetfulness.

Imam Abu Dawood said I have not narrated in this book of mine any Hadith from Jabir Al-Ju'fi (one of the narrators) except this one.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 648
 

Ziyad ibn Ilaqah said Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in prayer and he stood up at the end of two rak'a. We said : Glory be to Allah; he also said : Glory be to Allah, and he proceeded. When he finished the prayer and gave the salutation, he made two prostrations of forgetfulness. When he turned (to us) he said : I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) doing so as I did.

Imam Abu Dawood said Ibn Abi Laila narrated this tradition in a similar manner from al-Shaibi from al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Abu 'Umais narrated it from Thabit bin 'Ubaid saying : Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah () led us in prayer, like the tradition reported by Ziyad bin 'Illaqah.

Imam Abu Dawood saidAbu 'Umais is the brother of al-Mas'udi. And Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas did the same as done by al-Mughirah, 'Imran bin Husain, Dahhak bin Qais and Mu'awiyah bin Abi Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Umar bin 'Abdul Aziz issued legel verdict to the same effect.  Imam Abu Dawood said, this applies to a person who stands up at the end of two rak'a and makes prostration after the salutation.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 649
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، وَالرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَشُجَاعُ بْنُ مَخْلَدٍ، - بِمَعْنَى الإِسْنَادِ - أَنَّ ابْنَ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ الْكَلاَعِيِّ، عَنْ زُهَيْرٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَالِمٍ الْعَنْسِيِّ - عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ، قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَحْدَهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ ثَوْبَانَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لِكُلِّ سَهْوٍ سَجْدَتَانِ بَعْدَ مَا يُسَلِّمُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَذْكُرْ عَنْ أَبِيهِ ‏.‏ غَيْرُ عَمْرٍو ‏.‏

Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: For each forgetfulness there are two prostrations after the salutation.  No one except Amr (Ibn Uthman) mentioned the words 'from his father' (in the chain Abdur Rahman Ibn Jubayr ibn Nufayr from Thawban).

 

CHAPTER (204)

باب سَجْدَتَىِ السَّهْوِ فِيهِمَا تَشَهُّدٌ وَتَسْلِيمٌ

The two prostrations of forgetfulness are accompanied by the Tasha-hud and the taslim
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 650

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى بْنِ فَارِسٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنِي أَشْعَثُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ خَالِدٍ، - يَعْنِي الْحَذَّاءَ - عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمُهَلَّبِ، عَنْ عِمْرَانَ بْنِ حُصَيْنٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى بِهِمْ فَسَهَا فَسَجَدَ سَجْدَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ تَشَهَّدَ ثُمَّ سَلَّمَ ‏.‏

Imran Ibn Husayn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led them in prayer and forgot something, so he made prostrations and uttered the tashah-hud, then the salutation.

 

CHAPTER (205)

باب انْصِرَافِ النِّسَاءِ قَبْلَ الرِّجَالِ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ

Women leaving before men after the Salah
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 651

Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did the salutation, he stayed for a while. By this (action) people thought that women should return earlier than men.
 

Hulb (Yazid) at-Ta'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he prayed along with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He used to turn to both his sides (sometimes to the left and sometimes to the right).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 653
 
Abdullah bin  Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said One of you should not give a share from his prayer to the devil, that he does not turn away expect to his right side. I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) often turning away to his left side. the narrator Umarah said : I came to Medina afterwards and saw that the houses of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) were (built) in the left.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (207)

باب صَلاَةِ الرَّجُلِ التَّطَوُّعَ فِي بَيْتِهِ

How should one leave after the prayer
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 654
 

Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Offer some of your prayers in your houses, and do not make them graves (of of the people who are punished for their wrong doings).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 655
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ بِلاَلٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ صَلاَةُ الْمَرْءِ فِي بَيْتِهِ أَفْضَلُ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ فِي مَسْجِدِي هَذَا إِلاَّ الْمَكْتُوبَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Zayd Ibn Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The prayer a man offers in his house is more excellent than his prayer in this mosque of mine except obligatory prayer.

 

CHAPTER (208)

باب مَنْ صَلَّى لِغَيْرِ الْقِبْلَةِ ثُمَّ عَلِمَ

Whoever prayed toward a direction other than Qibla, then discovered the direction of Qibla
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 656

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، وَحُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَصْحَابَهُ كَانُوا يُصَلُّونَ نَحْوَ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ فَلَمَّا نَزَلَتْ هَذِهِ الآيَةُ ‏{‏ فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنْتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ ‏}‏ فَمَرَّ رَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي سَلِمَةَ فَنَادَاهُمْ وَهُمْ رُكُوعٌ فِي صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ نَحْوَ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ أَلاَ إِنَّ الْقِبْلَةَ قَدْ حُوِّلَتْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ مَرَّتَيْنِ فَمَالُوا كَمَا هُمْ رُكُوعٌ إِلَى الْكَعْبَةِ ‏.‏

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his Companions used to pray in the direction of Jerusalem. When the following verse was revealed -  فَوَلِّ وَجْهَكَ شَطْرَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ وَحَيْثُ مَا كُنْتُمْ فَوَلُّوا وُجُوهَكُمْ شَطْرَهُ [Turn your face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque. Wherever you may be, turn your faces to it.] (Al-Baqara - 144), a man passed by the people of Banu Salamah. He called them while they were bowing in the morning prayer facing Jerusalem : Lo, the Qibla (direction of prayer) has been changed towards the Ka’ba. He called them twice. So they turned their faces towards the Ka’bah while they were bowing.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (209)

باب فَضْلِ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَلَيْلَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ

The blessings of the night and day of Juma
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 657
 

حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْهَادِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ خَيْرُ يَوْمٍ طَلَعَتْ فِيهِ الشَّمْسُ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ فِيهِ خُلِقَ آدَمُ وَفِيهِ أُهْبِطَ وَفِيهِ تِيبَ عَلَيْهِ وَفِيهِ مَاتَ وَفِيهِ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ وَمَا مِنْ دَابَّةٍ إِلاَّ وَهِيَ مُسِيخَةٌ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ مِنْ حِينَ تُصْبِحُ حَتَّى تَطْلُعَ الشَّمْسُ شَفَقًا مِنَ السَّاعَةِ إِلاَّ الْجِنَّ وَالإِنْسَ وَفِيهِ سَاعَةٌ لاَ يُصَادِفُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ حَاجَةً إِلاَّ أَعْطَاهُ إِيَّاهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ كَعْبٌ ذَلِكَ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ يَوْمٌ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ بَلْ فِي كُلِّ جُمُعَةٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَرَأَ كَعْبٌ التَّوْرَاةَ فَقَالَ صَدَقَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ ثُمَّ لَقِيتُ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ سَلاَمٍ فَحَدَّثْتُهُ بِمَجْلِسِي مَعَ كَعْبٍ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ قَدْ عَلِمْتُ أَيَّةَ سَاعَةٍ هِيَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ فَأَخْبِرْنِي بِهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ هِيَ آخِرُ سَاعَةٍ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ كَيْفَ هِيَ آخِرُ سَاعَةٍ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ لاَ يُصَادِفُهَا عَبْدٌ مُسْلِمٌ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَتِلْكَ السَّاعَةُ لاَ يُصَلَّى فِيهَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَلاَمٍ أَلَمْ يَقُلْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ جَلَسَ مَجْلِسًا يَنْتَظِرُ الصَّلاَةَ فَهُوَ فِي صَلاَةٍ حَتَّى يُصَلِّيَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ بَلَى ‏.‏ قَالَ هُوَ ذَاكَ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he was taken out (from Paradise), on it his contrition was accepted, on it he died, and on it the Last Hour will take place. On Friday every beast is on the lookout from dawn to sunrise in fear of the Last Hour, but not jinn and men, and it contains a time at which no Muslim prays and asks anything from Allah but He will give it to him. Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : That is one day every year. So I said : It is on every Friday. Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) read the Torah and said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has spoken the truth. Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: I met Abdullah Ibn Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and told him of my meeting with Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Abdullah Ibn Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I know what time it is. Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I asked him to tell me about it. Abdullah Ibn Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : It is at the very end of Friday. I asked : How can it be when the MApostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has said : 'No Muslim finds it while he is praying....' and this is the moment when no prayer is offered. Abdullah Ibn Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Has the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) not said : 'If anyone is seated waiting for the prayer, he is engaged in the prayer until he observes it. 'I said : Yes, it is so'.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 658

Aws Ibn Aws (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam (عليه السلام) was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me. The people asked : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed? He replied : Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.

 

 

CHAPTER (210)

باب الإِجَابَةِ أَيَّةُ سَاعَةٍ هِيَ فِي يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ

Which is the hour when supplications are granted on Friday
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 659
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرٌو، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْحَارِثِ - أَنَّ الْجُلاَحَ، مَوْلَى عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا سَلَمَةَ - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ - حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ ثِنْتَا عَشْرَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يُرِيدُ سَاعَةً ‏"‏ لاَ يُوجَدُ مُسْلِمٌ يَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ شَيْئًا إِلاَّ آتَاهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَالْتَمِسُوهَا آخِرَ سَاعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Jabir Ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Friday is divided into twelve hours. Amongst them there is an hour in which a Muslim does not ask Allah for anything but He gives it to him. So seek it in the last hour after the Asr prayer.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 660

Abu Burdah bin Abu Musa al-Asha’ri reported that  Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to me : Did you hear your father narrating a tradition from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about an hour on Friday (when supplication is accepted by Allah)? I said : Yes, I heard it. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : This hour is found during the period when the Imam is seated (for giving Friday sermon) until the prayer is finished.

Imam Abu Dawud said : By sitting is meant sitting on the pulpit.