CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.15)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 661
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ أَتَى الْجُمُعَةَ فَاسْتَمَعَ وَأَنْصَتَ غُفِرَ لَهُ مَا بَيْنَ الْجُمُعَةِ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ وَزِيَادَةُ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَمَنْ مَسَّ الْحَصَى فَقَدْ لَغَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If anyone performs ablution, doing it well, then come to the Friday prayer, listens and keeps silence, his sins between that time and the next Friday will be forgiven, with three days extra; but he who touches pebbles has caused an interruption.


حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ يَزِيدَ بْنِ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَطَاءٌ الْخُرَاسَانِيُّ، عَنْ مَوْلَى، امْرَأَتِهِ أُمِّ عُثْمَانَ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا، - رضى الله عنه - عَلَى مِنْبَرِ الْكُوفَةِ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا كَانَ يَوْمُ الْجُمُعَةِ غَدَتِ الشَّيَاطِينُ بِرَايَاتِهَا إِلَى الأَسْوَاقِ فَيَرْمُونَ النَّاسَ بِالتَّرَابِيثِ أَوِ الرَّبَائِثِ وَيُثَبِّطُونَهُمْ عَنِ الْجُمُعَةِ وَتَغْدُو الْمَلاَئِكَةُ فَيَجْلِسُونَ عَلَى أَبْوَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَيَكْتُبُونَ الرَّجُلَ مِنْ سَاعَةٍ وَالرَّجُلَ مِنْ سَاعَتَيْنِ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ الإِمَامُ فَإِذَا جَلَسَ الرَّجُلُ مَجْلِسًا يَسْتَمْكِنُ فِيهِ مِنَ الاِسْتِمَاعِ وَالنَّظَرِ فَأَنْصَتَ وَلَمْ يَلْغُ كَانَ لَهُ كِفْلاَنِ مِنْ أَجْرٍ فَإِنْ نَأَى وَجَلَسَ حَيْثُ لاَ يَسْمَعُ فَأَنْصَتَ وَلَمْ يَلْغُ كَانَ لَهُ كِفْلٌ مِنْ أَجْرٍ وَإِنْ جَلَسَ مَجْلِسًا يَسْتَمْكِنُ فِيهِ مِنَ الاِسْتِمَاعِ وَالنَّظَرِ فَلَغَا وَلَمْ يُنْصِتْ كَانَ لَهُ كِفْلٌ مِنْ وِزْرٍ وَمَنْ قَالَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ لِصَاحِبِهِ صَهْ ‏.‏ فَقَدْ لَغَا وَمَنْ لَغَا فَلَيْسَ لَهُ فِي جُمُعَتِهِ تِلْكَ شَىْءٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ يَقُولُ فِي آخِرِ ذَلِكَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ عَنِ ابْنِ جَابِرٍ قَالَ بِالرَّبَائِثِ وَقَالَ مَوْلَى امْرَأَتِهِ أُمِّ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَطَاءٍ ‏.‏

Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said on the pulpit in the mosque of Kufah : When Friday comes, the devils go to the markets with their flags, and involve people in their needs and prevent them from the Friday prayer. The angels come early in the morning, sit at the door of the mosque, and record that so-and-so came at the first hour, and so-and-so came at the second hour until the Imam comes out (for Qutba).

When a man sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the Imam), where he remains silent and does not interrupt, he will receive double reward. If he stays away, sits in a place where he cannot listen (to the sermon), silent, and does not interrupt, he will receive single reward. If he sits in a place where he can listen (to the sermon) and look (at the Imam), and he does not remain silent, he will have the burden of it. If anyone says to his companion sitting besides him to be silent (while the Imam is giving Qutba), he is guilty of idle talk. Anyone who interrupts (during the sermon) will receive nothing (in reward) on Friday.  Then he (the narrator) says in the end of this tradition: I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say so.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by al-Walid bin Muslim from Ibn Jabir. This version adds : bi'l-raba'ith (instead of al-raba'ith, needs preventing the people from prayer). Further, this adds : Freed slave of his wife Umm 'Uthman bin Ata.


 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 663
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عُبَيْدَةُ بْنُ سُفْيَانَ الْحَضْرَمِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي الْجَعْدِ الضَّمْرِيِّ، - وَكَانَتْ لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ - أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَرَكَ ثَلاَثَ جُمَعٍ تَهَاوُنًا بِهَا طَبَعَ اللَّهُ عَلَى قَلْبِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Al-Ja'd ad-Damri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He who leaves the Friday prayer (continuously) for three Friday on account of slackness, Allah will print a stamp on his heart.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 664
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ هَارُونَ، أَخْبَرَنَا هَمَّامٌ، حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ قُدَامَةَ بْنِ وَبَرَةَ الْعُجَيْفِيِّ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَرَكَ الْجُمُعَةَ مِنْ غَيْرِ عُذْرٍ فَلْيَتَصَدَّقْ بِدِينَارٍ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَبِنِصْفِ دِينَارٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَكَذَا رَوَاهُ خَالِدُ بْنُ قَيْسٍ وَخَالَفَهُ فِي الإِسْنَادِ وَوَافَقَهُ فِي الْمَتْنِ ‏.‏

Samurah ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If anyone omits the Friday prayer without excuse, he must give a dinar in alms, or if he does not have as much, then half a dinar.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Khalid bin Qais reported this tradition in this manner, but he disagreed in respect of chain (of transmitters) and agreed in respect of the text.

 

Qudamah Ibn Wabirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If anyone omits the Friday prayer without excuse, he must give one dirham or half a dirham, or one sa' or half a sa' of wheat, in alms.

Imam Abu Dawood said Sa'id bin Bashir reported this tradition in a like manner, except that he narrated  'one mudd or half mudd' (instead of sa'). He narrated it from Samurah.  Imam Abu Dawood said I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal being asked about the differences over the narration of this Hadith. He said, 'Hammam has a stronger memory - in my opinion - than Ayyub.'

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 666

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرٌو، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ كَانَ النَّاسُ يَنْتَابُونَ الْجُمُعَةَ مِنْ مَنَازِلِهِمْ وَمِنَ الْعَوَالِي ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that people used to attend the Friday prayer from nearby places and suburbs of Medina.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 667

Abdullah ibn Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The Friday prayer is obligatory on him who hears the call.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has been transmitted by a group of narrators from Sufyan. They did not narrate it as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); only Qabisah has transmitted it as saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 668

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا هَمَّامٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمَلِيحِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ يَوْمَ، حُنَيْنٍ كَانَ يَوْمَ مَطَرٍ فَأَمَرَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُنَادِيَهُ أَنِ الصَّلاَةُ فِي الرِّحَالِ ‏.‏

Abu Malih (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said the rain was falling on the day when the Battle of Hunayn took place. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), therefore, commanded that the people should offer their prayer in their camps.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 669
 
Abu al-Malih (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: That (the battle of Hunain) took place on a Friday.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 670

Abu al-Malih (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : I was with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the occasion of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah on Friday. The rain fell as little as the soles of the shoes of the people were not wet. He (the Prophet ) commanded them to offer Friday prayer in their dwellings.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 671
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ، نَزَلَ بِضَجْنَانَ فِي لَيْلَةٍ بَارِدَةٍ فَأَمَرَ الْمُنَادِيَ فَنَادَى أَنِ الصَّلاَةُ فِي الرِّحَالِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَيُّوبُ وَحَدَّثَنَا نَافِعٌ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةٌ بَارِدَةٌ أَوْ مَطِيرَةٌ أَمَرَ الْمُنَادِيَ فَنَادَى الصَّلاَةُ فِي الرِّحَالِ ‏.‏
 
Nafi said Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stayed at Dajnan (a place between Makka and Madina) on a cold night. He commanded an announcer (to announce) that the people should offer prayer in their dwellings. Ayyub said : Nafi narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that whenever there was a cold or a rainy day night, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded the announcer (to announce for people) to offer prayer in the dwellings.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 672
حَدَّثَنَا مُؤَمَّلُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، قَالَ نَادَى ابْنُ عُمَرَ بِالصَّلاَةِ بِضَجْنَانَ ثُمَّ نَادَى أَنْ صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ قَالَ فِيهِ ثُمَّ حَدَّثَ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَأْمُرُ الْمُنَادِيَ فَيُنَادِي بِالصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ يُنَادِي ‏ "‏ أَنْ صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْبَارِدَةِ وَفِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْمَطِيرَةِ فِي السَّفَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ وَعُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ فِيهِ فِي السَّفَرِ فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْقَرَّةِ أَوِ الْمَطِيرَةِ ‏.‏

Nafi' reported that Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) made the call to prayer at Dajnan (a place between Makka and Madina). Then he announced : "Offer prayer in your dwellings:" He then narrated a tradition from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who used to command an announcer who made the call to prayer. He then announced : 'Pray in your dwellings' on a cold or rainy night during journey.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has been narrated by Hammad bin Salamah from Ayyub and 'Ubaidullah. In his version he added : During journey on a cold or a rainy night.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 673
 

Nafi' said Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) made the call to prayer at Dajnan (a place between Makka and Madina), on a cold and windy night. He added the words at the end of the call -  أَلاَ صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ أَلاَ صَلُّوا فِي الرِّحَالِ  [ Lo! pray in your dwellings. Lo! pray in the dwellings.' He then said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to command the Mu'adh-dhin to announce - صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ [Lo! pray in your dwellings] on a cold or rainy night during journey.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 674
 
Nafi said: Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) made the call to prayer on a cold and windy night. He then said - صَلُّوا فِي الرِّحَالِ [Lo! Pray in the dwellings]. Afterwards he said : Whenever there was a cold or rainy day night, the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to command the mu’adh-dhin to announce -  أَلاَ صَلُّوا فِي الرِّحَالِ [Lo! Pray in the dwellings].
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 675

Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The announcer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) announced (to pray at homes) at Madina on a rainy night or a cold morning.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has also been narrated by Yahya bin Sa’id al-Ansari from al-Qasim from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). This version adds the words : During the journey.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 676
 
Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that they were in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  during a journey. The rain fell. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Anyone who wants to pray in his dwelling may do so.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 677
 
 
Ibn Sirin said Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to his Mu’adh-dhin on a rainy day : 'when you utter the words 'I testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah',  do not say, 'Come to prayer' but say 'Pray at your homes', By this (announcement) the people were surprised. He said : One who was better than me has done it. The Friday prayer is an obligatory duty. But I disliked to put you to hardship so that you might walk in mud and rain.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 678
حَدَّثَنَا عَبَّاسُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَظِيمِ، حَدَّثَنِي إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هُرَيْمٌ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْتَشِرِ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ طَارِقِ بْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْجُمُعَةُ حَقٌّ وَاجِبٌ عَلَى كُلِّ مُسْلِمٍ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ إِلاَّ أَرْبَعَةً عَبْدٌ مَمْلُوكٌ أَوِ امْرَأَةٌ أَوْ صَبِيٌّ أَوْ مَرِيضٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ طَارِقُ بْنُ شِهَابٍ قَدْ رَأَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا ‏.‏

Tariq Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The Friday prayer in congregation is a necessary duty for every Muslim, with four exceptions; a slave, a woman, a boy, and a sick person.

Imam Abu Dawood said Tariq bin Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had seen the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) but not heard anything from him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 679

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْمُخَرِّمِيُّ، - لَفْظُهُ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ طَهْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ جُمُعَةٍ جُمِّعَتْ فِي الإِسْلاَمِ بَعْدَ جُمُعَةٍ جُمِّعَتْ فِي مَسْجِدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالْمَدِينَةِ لَجُمُعَةٌ جُمِّعَتْ بِجُوَاثَاءَ قَرْيَةٍ مِنْ قُرَى الْبَحْرَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ عُثْمَانُ قَرْيَةٌ مِنْ قُرَى عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Friday prayer first offered in Islam after the Friday prayer offered in the mosque of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is Friday prayer offered at Juwatha, a village from the villages of Bahrain. The narrator ‘Uthman said : it is a village from the village of the tribe of Abdul Qais.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 680
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ بْنِ سَهْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، - وَكَانَ قَائِدَ أَبِيهِ بَعْدَ مَا ذَهَبَ بَصَرُهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، كَعْبِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا سَمِعَ النِّدَاءَ، يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ تَرَحَّمَ لأَسْعَدَ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ إِذَا سَمِعْتَ النِّدَاءَ، تَرَحَّمْتَ لأَسْعَدَ بْنِ زُرَارَةَ قَالَ لأَنَّهُ أَوَّلُ مَنْ جَمَّعَ بِنَا فِي هَزْمِ النَّبِيتِ مِنْ حَرَّةِ بَنِي بَيَاضَةَ فِي نَقِيعٍ يُقَالُ لَهُ نَقِيعُ الْخَضِمَاتِ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ كَمْ أَنْتُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ قَالَ أَرْبَعُونَ ‏.‏

Abdur Rahman Ibn Ka'b Ibn Malik said when he heard the call to prayer on Friday, he prayed for Asad Ibn Zurarah. I asked him : What is the matter that when you hear the call to prayer, you pray for Asad Ibn Zurarah? He replied : This is because he held the Friday prayer for the first time for us at Hazm an-Nabit of Harrah belonging to Banu Bayadah in Naqi', called Naqi' al-Khadumat. I asked him : How many were you at that time ? He said : Forty.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 681
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ، عَنْ إِيَاسِ بْنِ أَبِي رَمْلَةَ الشَّامِيِّ، قَالَ شَهِدْتُ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنَ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ وَهُوَ يَسْأَلُ زَيْدَ بْنَ أَرْقَمَ قَالَ أَشَهِدْتَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عِيدَيْنِ اجْتَمَعَا فِي يَوْمٍ قَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَكَيْفَ صَنَعَ قَالَ صَلَّى الْعِيدَ ثُمَّ رَخَّصَ فِي الْجُمُعَةِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ شَاءَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَلْيُصَلِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ilyas ibn Abu Ramlah ash-Shami said he witnessed Mu'awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asking Zayd ibn Arqam : Did you offer along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  the Friday and 'Eid prayers synchronized on the same day? He said : Yes. He asked : How did he do? He replied : He offered the Eid prayer, then granted concession to offer the Friday prayer, and said : If anyone wants to offer it, he may do so.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 682

Ata' Ibn Abu Rabah said Ibn az-Zubayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in the Eid prayer on Friday early in the morning. When we went to offer the Friday, he did not come out to us. So we prayed ourselves alone. At that time Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was present in at-Ta'if. When he came to us, we mentioned this (incident) to him. He said : He followed the Sunnah.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 683
 
Ata  narrated that the Friday and the Eid prayers synchronized during the time of Ibn al-Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said : Two festivals (Eid and Friday) synchronized on the same day. He combined them and offered two rak’a in the morning and did not add anything to them until he offered the Asr  prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 684
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُصَفَّى، وَعُمَرُ بْنُ حَفْصٍ الْوَصَّابِيُّ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا بَقِيَّةُ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ الضَّبِّيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ رُفَيْعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قَدِ اجْتَمَعَ فِي يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا عِيدَانِ فَمَنْ شَاءَ أَجْزَأَهُ مِنَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَإِنَّا مُجَمِّعُونَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عُمَرُ عَنْ شُعْبَةَ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Two festivals (Eid and Friday) have synchronized on this day. If anyone does not want to offer the Friday prayer, the Eid prayer is sufficient for him. But we shall offer the Friday prayer. This tradition has (also) been narrated by 'Umar from Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 685

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ مُخَوَّلِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ مُسْلِمٍ الْبَطِينِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ تَنْزِيلَ السَّجْدَةِ وَ ‏{‏ هَلْ أَتَى عَلَى الإِنْسَانِ حِينٌ مِنَ الدَّهْرِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏

Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to recite in the morning prayer on Friday Surah Tanzil As-Sajdah and -  هَلْ أَتَىٰ عَلَى الْإِنْسَانِ حِينٌ مِنَ الدَّهْرِ لَمْ يَكُنْ شَيْئًا مَذْكُورًا  [Indeed there has been a time for man when even his name did not exist anywhere.  ] (Surah Al-Insan).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 686
 
This tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : In the Friday prayer he would recite Surah al-Jumu’a and Surah al-Munafiqoon.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 687
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، رَأَى حُلَّةً سِيَرَاءَ - يَعْنِي تُبَاعُ عِنْدَ بَابِ الْمَسْجِدِ - فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ لَوِ اشْتَرَيْتَ هَذِهِ فَلَبِسْتَهَا يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَلِلْوَفْدِ إِذَا قَدِمُوا عَلَيْكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّمَا يَلْبَسُ هَذِهِ مَنْ لاَ خَلاَقَ لَهُ فِي الآخِرَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ جَاءَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْهَا حُلَلٌ فَأَعْطَى عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ مِنْهَا حُلَّةً فَقَالَ عُمَرُ كَسَوْتَنِيهَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَقَدْ قُلْتَ فِي حُلَّةِ عُطَارِدَ مَا قُلْتَ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنِّي لَمْ أَكْسُكَهَا لِتَلْبَسَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَكَسَاهَا عُمَرُ أَخًا لَهُ مُشْرِكًا بِمَكَّةَ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw a silken suit sold at the gate of the Mosque. He said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would that you purchase this suit and wear it on Friday and on the occasion when a delegation (from the outside) comes to you. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : One who has no share in the afterlife will put on this (suit). Afterwards suits of similar nature were brought to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He gave Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) one of these suits. Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you are giving it to me for use while you had told me such-and-such about the suit of ‘Utarid (sold by ‘Utarid sold outside the mosque). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I did not give it to you that you should wear it. Hence Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) gave it to his brother who was a disbeliever at Makka for wearing.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 688
 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw a suit of silken cloth being sold in the market. He took it to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and said : Purchase it and wear it on Eid on the occasion of the arrival of delegations. The narrator then narrated the tradition. The former version is complete.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 689
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، وَعَمْرٌو، أَنَّ يَحْيَى بْنَ سَعِيدٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدَ بْنَ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا عَلَى أَحَدِكُمْ إِنْ وَجَدَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ ‏"‏ مَا عَلَى أَحَدِكُمْ إِنْ وَجَدْتُمْ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ ثَوْبَيْنِ لِيَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ سِوَى ثَوْبَىْ مَهْنَتِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ عَمْرٌو وَأَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ حَبَّانَ عَنِ ابْنِ سَلاَمٍ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ذَلِكَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ وَهْبُ بْنُ جَرِيرٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ سَعْدٍ عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلاَمٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Muhammad Ibn Yahya Ibn Habban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : What is the harm if any of you has two garments, if he can provide them, for Friday (prayer) in addition to the two garments for his daily work? Amr reported from Ibn Habib from Musa Ibn Sa'd from Ibn Habban from Ibn Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who heard this (tradition) from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the pulpit.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has been reported by Yusuf bin Abdullah  bin Salam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) through a different chain of narrators.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 690
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنِ ابْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ الشِّرَاءِ وَالْبَيْعِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ وَأَنْ تُنْشَدَ فِيهِ ضَالَّةٌ وَأَنْ يُنْشَدَ فِيهِ شِعْرٌ وَنَهَى عَنِ التَّحَلُّقِ قَبْلَ الصَّلاَةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Amr ibn Al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited buying and selling in the mosque, announcing aloud about a lost thing, the recitation of a (worldly) poem in it, and prohibited sitting in a circle (in the mosque) on Friday before the prayer.

 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 691
Abu Hazim bin Dinar narrated that the People came to Sahl bin Sa'd al-Sa'idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when they were doubtful about the kind of wood of the pulpit (in the mosque of the Prophet  ﷺ). They asked him about it. He said : By Allah, I know (the wood) of which it was made. I saw it the first day when it was placed there, and the first day when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sat on it. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sent for a woman whom Sahl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) named and asked her : Order your boy, the carpenter, to fabricate for me a wooden pulpit so that I sit on it when I deliver a speech to the people. So she ordered him and he made a pulpit of a wood called tarfa taken from al-Ghabah (a place at a distance of nine miles from Madina). He brought it to her. She sent it to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He ordered and that was placed here. I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying on it. He said (the Takbir) 'Allah is most great'; he then bowed while he was on it; then he returned and prostrated in the root of the pulpit; he then returned (to the pulpit). When he finished (the prayer), he addressed to the people and said : O people, I did this so that you may follow me and know my prayer.
 
 
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) became fat, Tamim al-Dari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  said to him : Should I make for you pulpit, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), that will bear the burden of your body? He said : Yes. So he made a pulpit consisting of two steps.
 
Explanation
 
The above Hadith contradicts the purpose of making the pulpit for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) therefore, it should be understood in its proper perspective. The earlier Hadith (# 691) states as follows.
'When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished (the prayer for the first time on the new pulpit), he addressed to the people and said : O people, I did this (ordered the pulpit) so that you may follow me and know my prayer'.
The pulpit is not made for a person when he becomes fat as it will be difficult for him to climb over it. The height of the pulpit is generally two or three steps higher from the ground and if the person is fat, it becomes inconvenient for him to climb over it.  Therefore, it is incomprehensible to understand that the pulpit will be made when the Imam becomes fat. 
 
As Hadith 691 above explains, the pulpit was made for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for clear visibility of the people so that they could see him, listen to him and follow his instructions. This is the only correct understanding.   
It is in Hadith - Narrated by Ibn Omer, Abu Huraira and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept fast after fast, sometimes 5 days in a row.  Sahabah tried to emulate (follow his practice), but realized it was not possible.  Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told his companions,  ‘I am not like you. I live with my Sustainer (Rabbul Aalameen) who feeds and provides me with drink. (Bukhari, Muslim).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 693

Salamah bin al-Akwa' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the space between the pulpit of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the wall (of the mosque) was such that a goat could pass.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 694
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا حَسَّانُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ لَيْثٍ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْخَلِيلِ، عَنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَرِهَ الصَّلاَةَ نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ إِلاَّ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ تُسْجَرُ إِلاَّ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هُوَ مُرْسَلٌ مُجَاهِدٌ أَكْبَرُ مِنْ أَبِي الْخَلِيلِ وَأَبُو الْخَلِيلِ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ ‏.‏

Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) disapproved of  offering of prayer at the meridian except on Friday. The Hell fire is kindled except on Friday.

Imam Abu Dawood said this is a Mursal tradition (the narrator is narrating it directly from the Prophet ). Mujahid is older than Abu al-Khalil, and Abu al-Khalil did not hear (any tradition from) Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 695

حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، حَدَّثَنِي فُلَيْحُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنِي عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ التَّيْمِيُّ، سَمِعْتُ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي الْجُمُعَةَ إِذَا مَالَتِ الشَّمْسُ ‏

Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to offer the Friday prayer when the sun declined.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 696
 
Salamah bin al-Akwa' reported on the authority of his father : We used to offer the Friday prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and return (to our homes) while no shade of the walls was seen (at that time).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 697
 
Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We had a siesta or lunch after the Friday prayer.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ الْمُرَادِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي السَّائِبُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ، أَنَّ الأَذَانَ، كَانَ أَوَّلُهُ حِينَ يَجْلِسُ الإِمَامُ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي عَهْدِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ - رضى الله عنهما - فَلَمَّا كَانَ خِلاَفَةُ عُثْمَانَ وَكَثُرَ النَّاسُ أَمَرَ عُثْمَانُ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ بِالأَذَانِ الثَّالِثِ فَأُذِّنَ بِهِ عَلَى الزَّوْرَاءِ فَثَبَتَ الأَمْرُ عَلَى ذَلِكَ ‏.‏
 
Al-Sa'ib bin Yazid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that during the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Abu Bakr and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) the call to the Friday prayer was first made at the time when the Imam was seated on the pulpit (for giving the sermon). When the time of 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and the people became abundant, 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) ordered to make a third call to the Friday prayer. It was made on az-Zaura' (a house in Madina). The rule of action continued to the same effect.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 699
 
Sa'id bin Yazid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the call to the (Friday) prayer was made at the gate of the mosque in front of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he sat on the pulpit, and of Abu Bakr and 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما). The narrator then repeated the same tradition as reported by Yunus.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 700
 
Sa'ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that there was no other Mu'adhdhin of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) except Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). The narrator then reported the tradition to the same effect.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 701
 
Sa'ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that there was no other Mu'adhdhin of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) except Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He then narrated the tradition which is incomplete.
 
 
 

Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) seated himself on the pulpit on a Friday he said, Sit down. Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) heard that and sat down at the door of mosque, and when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw him, he said : Come here, Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition is known as Mursal (the narrator reports directly from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), omitting then name of the Companion who narrated it). The people narrated it from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the authority of 'Ata'.   Makhlad is his teacher.

 

 

Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to deliver two sermons. He would sit down when he ascended the pulpit till he (I think he meant the Mu'adh-dhin) finished. He would then stand up and preach, then sit down and say nothing, then stand up and preach.
 
 
 

Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to deliver the sermon standing, then he would sit down, then stand and preach standing. If anyone tells you he preached sitting, he is lying. I swear by Allah that I offered along with more than two thousand prayers.
 
[Mughira reported from Sh’ubi : "Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was the first person who started giving sermon while sitting. And this happened at the time when Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) acquired thick layers of fat and his stomach grew large. Mughira also reported from Ibrahim : "The first individual that delivered the Friday sermon whilst seated was Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)". And Abu Malih also reported the same from Memoon that Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was the first who sat on the Minbar (Al-Bidayah wa al-Nihayah, Volume 8 page 119) ]
.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 705
 
Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave two sermons between which he sat, recited the Quran and advice the people to do good deed. 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 706
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو كَامِلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَخْطُبُ قَائِمًا ثُمَّ يَقْعُدُ قَعْدَةً لاَ يَتَكَلَّمُ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would deliver the sermon standing, then sit down without saying anything. The narrator then reported the tradition in full.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شِهَابُ بْنُ خِرَاشٍ، حَدَّثَنِي شُعَيْبُ بْنُ رُزَيْقٍ الطَّائِفِيُّ، قَالَ جَلَسْتُ إِلَى رَجُلٍ لَهُ صُحْبَةٌ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُقَالُ لَهُ الْحَكَمُ بْنُ حَزْنٍ الْكُلَفِيُّ فَأَنْشَأَ يُحَدِّثُنَا قَالَ وَفَدْتُ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَابِعَ سَبْعَةٍ أَوْ تَاسِعَ تِسْعَةٍ فَدَخَلْنَا عَلَيْهِ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ زُرْنَاكَ فَادْعُ اللَّهَ لَنَا بِخَيْرٍ فَأَمَرَ بِنَا أَوْ أَمَرَ لَنَا بِشَىْءٍ مِنَ التَّمْرِ وَالشَّأْنُ إِذْ ذَاكَ دُونٌ فَأَقَمْنَا بِهَا أَيَّامًا شَهِدْنَا فِيهَا الْجُمُعَةَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَامَ مُتَوَكِّئًا عَلَى عَصًا أَوْ قَوْسٍ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ وَأَثْنَى عَلَيْهِ كَلِمَاتٍ خَفِيفَاتٍ طَيِّبَاتٍ مُبَارَكَاتٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّكُمْ لَنْ تُطِيقُوا أَوْ لَنْ تَفْعَلُوا كُلَّ مَا أُمِرْتُمْ بِهِ وَلَكِنْ سَدِّدُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عَلِيٍّ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا دَاوُدَ قَالَ ثَبَّتَنِي فِي شَىْءٍ مِنْهُ بَعْضُ أَصْحَابِنَا وَقَدْ كَانَ انْقَطَعَ مِنَ الْقِرْطَاسِ ‏.‏

Shu'ayb Ibn Zurayq at-Ta'ifi reported that he sat with a man who had been in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He was called al-Hakam ibn Hazn al-Kulafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He began to narrate a tradition to us saying : I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in a delegation consisting of seven or nine persons. We came to  him and said : Apostle of Allah, we have visited you, so pray Allah what is good for us. He ordered to give us some dates. The Muslims in those days were weak. We stayed there for several days and offered the Friday prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He stood leaning on a staff or a bow. He praised Allah and exalted Him in light, pure and blessed words. Then he said : O people, you have no power to obey or you cannot obey what you are ordered. But be straight and give good tidings.

Abu 'Ali said : Did you hear Abu Dawood? He said : Some of my companions reminded me of some words that were omitted from writing on the paper.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 708

Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) addressed, he would say : Praise be to Allah, from Whom we seek help and pardon, and we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our souls. He whom Allah guide has no one who can lead him astray, and he whom He leads astray has no one to guide him. And I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Mohammad is His servant and Apostle. He sent him before the coming of the last hour with truth giving good tidings and warning. He who obeys Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) follows the right path; and he who disobeys them shall harm none except himself, and he will not harm Allah in the least.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 709
 

It is reported that Yunus asked Ibn Shihab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the address of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on Friday. He mentioned it in like manner. He added : Anyone who disobeys them (Allah and His Apostle ) goes astray. We beseech Allah, our Lord, to make us from those who obey Him and obey His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and follow what He likes, and abstain from His anger; we are due to Him and we belong to Him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 710
 
 
Adi bin Hatim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a speaker delivered a speech in the presence of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said : Anyone who obeys Allah and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and one who disobeys them. He said : Go away, you are a bad speaker.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 711
 

Bint al-Harith bin an-Nu'man (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that she memorized Surah Qaf from the mouth of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He would recite it in his speech every Friday. Our oven and his oven were same.

Imam Abu Dawood said Rawh bin 'Ubadah reported on the authority of Shu'bah the name Bint Harithah bin an-Nu'man (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا); and Ibn Ishaq reported the name of Umm Hisham bint Harithah bin al-Nu'man (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 712
 
Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the prayer offered by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was moderate, and the sermon given by him was (also) moderate. He would recite a few verses from the Qur'an and teach the people.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 713

'Umrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported on the authority of her sister : I memorized Surah Qaf from the mouth of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He used to recite it on every Friday.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has been narrated in a similar way by Yahya bin Ayyub, Ibn Abu Ar-Rijal, from Yahya bin Sa'id, from 'Umrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) from Umm Hisham hint Harithah b. al-Nu'man (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 714
 
This tradition has also been transmitted to the same effect through a different chain of narrators by 'Umrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) from her sister,  'Umrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of 'Abdur Rahman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was older than her.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (232)

باب رَفْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ

Raising the hands while on the Pulpit
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زَائِدَةُ، عَنْ حُصَيْنِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالَ رَأَى عُمَارَةُ بْنُ رُؤَيْبَةَ بِشْرَ بْنَ مَرْوَانَ وَهُوَ يَدْعُو فِي يَوْمِ جُمُعَةٍ فَقَالَ عُمَارَةُ قَبَّحَ اللَّهُ هَاتَيْنِ الْيَدَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ زَائِدَةُ قَالَ حُصَيْنٌ حَدَّثَنِي عُمَارَةُ قَالَ لَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ مَا يَزِيدُ عَلَى هَذِهِ يَعْنِي السَّبَّابَةَ الَّتِي تَلِي الإِبْهَامَ ‏.‏

Umarah bin Ruwaibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he saw Bishr bin Marwan (on the pulpit) praying on Friday (by raising his hands). 'Umarah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : May Allah reject these hands! I have seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the pulpit gesturing no more than this pointing with his forefinger.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 716
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْمُفَضَّلِ - حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ إِسْحَاقَ - عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذُبَابٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، قَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَاهِرًا يَدَيْهِ قَطُّ يَدْعُو عَلَى مِنْبَرِهِ وَلاَ عَلَى غَيْرِهِ وَلَكِنْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَقُولُ هَكَذَا وَأَشَارَ بِالسَّبَّابَةِ وَعَقَدَ الْوُسْطَى بِالإِبْهَامِ ‏.‏

Sahl Ibn Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he never saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raising his hands and praying on the pulpit or otherwise. But I saw him saying (doing) this way, and he would point with his forefinger making a circle by joining the middle finger with his thumb.

 

 

CHAPTER (233)

باب إِقْصَارِ الْخُطَبِ

Shortening the Khutba (Sermon)

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ نُمَيْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا الْعَلاَءُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَبِي رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ عَمَّارِ بْنِ يَاسِرٍ، قَالَ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِإِقْصَارِ الْخُطَبِ ‏.‏ 

Ammar Ibn Yasir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded us to shorten the speeches.

 

Jabir Ibn Samurah as-Suwa'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would not lengthen the sermon on Friday. He would say a few words.

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، قَالَ وَجَدْتُ فِي كِتَابِ أَبِي بِخَطِّ يَدِهِ وَلَمْ أَسْمَعْهُ مِنْهُ قَالَ قَتَادَةُ عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ مَالِكٍ عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ احْضُرُوا الذِّكْرَ وَادْنُوا مِنَ الإِمَامِ فَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لاَ يَزَالُ يَتَبَاعَدُ حَتَّى يُؤَخَّرَ فِي الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنْ دَخَلَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Samurah Ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Attend the Khutba (on Friday) and sit near the Imam, for a man keeps himself away until he will be left behind at the time of entering Paradise though he enters it.

 

CHAPTER (235)

باب الإِمَامِ يَقْطَعُ الْخُطْبَةَ لِلأَمْرِ يَحْدُثُ

The Imam interrupting the Khutba due to an incident

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ حُبَابٍ، حَدَّثَهُمْ حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ وَاقِدٍ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ خَطَبَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَقْبَلَ الْحَسَنُ وَالْحُسَيْنُ - رضى الله عنهما - عَلَيْهِمَا قَمِيصَانِ أَحْمَرَانِ يَعْثُرَانِ وَيَقُومَانِ فَنَزَلَ فَأَخَذَهُمَا فَصَعِدَ بِهِمَا الْمِنْبَرَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ صَدَقَ اللَّهُ ‏{‏ إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلاَدُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ ‏}‏ رَأَيْتُ هَذَيْنِ فَلَمْ أَصْبِرْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَخَذَ فِي الْخُطْبَةِ ‏.‏

Buraydah Ibn al-Hasib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) delivered a speech to us; meanwhile al-Hasan and al-Husayn (عليهم السلام) came there stumbling, wearing red shirts. He came down from the pulpit, took them and ascended it with them. He then said : Allah truly said -  إِنَّمَا أَمْوَالُكُمْ وَأَوْلاَدُكُمْ فِتْنَةٌ [ Your wealth and children are only a test.]  (At-Taghabun - 15). I saw both of them, and I could not wait. Afterwards he resumed the speech.