CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.16)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 721
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَوْفٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُقْرِئُ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي مَرْحُومٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ مُعَاذِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ الْحُبْوَةِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited to sit on hips by erecting feet, sticking them to the stomach and holding them with hands on Friday while the Imam is delivering the sermon.

 

حَدَّثَنَا دَاوُدُ بْنُ رُشَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ حَيَّانَ الرَّقِّيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الزِّبْرِقَانِ، عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، قَالَ شَهِدْتُ مَعَ مُعَاوِيَةَ بَيْتَ الْمَقْدِسِ فَجَمَّعَ بِنَا فَنَظَرْتُ فَإِذَا جُلُّ مَنْ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ أَصْحَابُ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَأَيْتُهُمْ مُحْتَبِينَ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ يَحْتَبِي وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ وَأَنَسُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ وَشُرَيْحٌ وَصَعْصَعَةُ بْنُ صُوحَانَ وَسَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ النَّخَعِيُّ وَمَكْحُولٌ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَنُعَيْمُ بْنُ سَلاَمَةَ قَالَ لاَ بَأْسَ بِهَا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَلَمْ يَبْلُغْنِي أَنَّ أَحَدًا كَرِهَهَا إِلاَّ عُبَادَةُ بْنُ نُسَىٍّ ‏.‏

Ya'la bin Shaddad bin Aws said : I came to Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Jerusalem. He led us in the Friday prayer. I saw that most of the people in the mosque were the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I saw them sitting in Ihtiba position, ie. sitting on hips erecting the feet and sticking them to the stomach and holding them with hands or tying them with a cloth to the back, while the Imam was giving sermon.

Imam Abu Dawood said Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to sit in Ihtiba position while the Imam gave the Friday sermon. Anas bin Malik, Shuraih, Sa'sa'ah b. Sawhan, Sa'id bin al-Musayyib, Ibrahim al-Nakha'i, Makhul, Isma'il, Ismail bin Muhammad bin Sa'd, and Nu'aim bin Sulamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) said : There is no harm in sitting in Ihtiba position.

Imam Abu Dawood said : I do not know whether anyone considered it disapproved except 'Ubadah bin Nusayy.

 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 723
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: When you tell (your brother on Friday) to be silent while the Imam is giving the sermon you are guilty of idle talk.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 724
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، وَأَبُو كَامِلٍ قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، عَنْ حَبِيبٍ الْمُعَلِّمِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ يَحْضُرُ الْجُمُعَةَ ثَلاَثَةُ نَفَرٍ رَجُلٌ حَضَرَهَا يَلْغُو وَهُوَ حَظُّهُ مِنْهَا وَرَجُلٌ حَضَرَهَا يَدْعُو فَهُوَ رَجُلٌ دَعَا اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنْ شَاءَ أَعْطَاهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ مَنَعَهُ وَرَجُلٌ حَضَرَهَا بِإِنْصَاتٍ وَسُكُوتٍ وَلَمْ يَتَخَطَّ رَقَبَةَ مُسْلِمٍ وَلَمْ يُؤْذِ أَحَدًا فَهِيَ كَفَّارَةٌ إِلَى الْجُمُعَةِ الَّتِي تَلِيهَا وَزِيَادَةُ ثَلاَثَةِ أَيَّامٍ وَذَلِكَ بِأَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَقُولُ ‏{‏ مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا ‏}‏ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Amr ibn al-'As (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Three types of people attend Friday prayer; One is present in a frivolous way and that is all he gets from it; another comes with a supplication, Allah may grant or refuse his request as He wishes; another is present silently and quietly without stepping over a Muslim or annoying anyone, and that is an atonement for his sins till the next Friday and three days more, the reason being that Allah, the Exalted, says -  مَنْ جَاءَ بِالْحَسَنَةِ فَلَهُ عَشْرُ أَمْثَالِهَا [ He who does a good deed will receive ten times its worth] (Al-An'aam - 160).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 725
 
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ الْمِصِّيصِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِذَا أَحْدَثَ أَحَدُكُمْ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَأْخُذْ بِأَنْفِهِ ثُمَّ لْيَنْصَرِفْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ وَأَبُو أُسَامَةَ عَنْ هِشَامٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ وَالإِمَامُ يَخْطُبُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ لَمْ يَذْكُرَا عَائِشَةَ رضى الله عنها ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you becomes defiled during prayer, he should hold his nose and then turn away.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by Hammad bin Salamah and Abu Usamah from Hisham on the authority of his father from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). They did not mention the name of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 726
 
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ عَمْرٍو، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ دِينَارٍ - عَنْ جَابِرٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، جَاءَ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَخْطُبُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَصَلَّيْتَ يَا فُلاَنُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ قُمْ فَارْكَعْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that a man came (to the mosque) while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was giving the (Friday) sermon. He asked : Did you pray, so-and-so? He replied : No.   He (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Stand and pray.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 727
 
Jabir and Abu Salih (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Sulaik al-Ghatafani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came (to the mosque) when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was giving the (Friday) sermon. He asked him : Did you pray something? He said : No.  He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : Offer two rak'a and make them short.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 728
 
This tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). This version adds : He (the Prophet ) turned to the people and said : When one of you comes (on Friday) while the Imam is giving the Khutba, he should pray two rak'a and make them short.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 729
 
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ مَعْرُوفٍ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزَّاهِرِيَّةِ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ بُسْرٍ صَاحِبِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ يَتَخَطَّى رِقَابَ النَّاسِ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُسْرٍ جَاءَ رَجُلٌ يَتَخَطَّى رِقَابَ النَّاسِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَخْطُبُ فَقَالَ لَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ اجْلِسْ فَقَدْ آذَيْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Az-Zahiriyyah  reported that they were in the company of Abdullah bin Busr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Companion of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), on a Friday. A man came and stepped over the people. 'Abdullah bin Busr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : A man came and stepped over the people while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was giving the sermon on Friday. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Sit down, you have annoyed (the people).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 730

حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا نَعَسَ أَحَدُكُمْ وَهُوَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَلْيَتَحَوَّلْ مِنْ مَجْلِسِهِ ذَلِكَ إِلَى غَيْرِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When any of you dozes in the mosque (on Friday), he should change his place.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 731
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ جَرِيرٍ، - هُوَ ابْنُ حَازِمٍ لاَ أَدْرِي كَيْفَ قَالَهُ مُسْلِمٌ أَوْ لاَ - عَنْ ثَابِتٍ عَنْ أَنَسٍ قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَنْزِلُ مِنَ الْمِنْبَرِ فَيَعْرِضُ لَهُ الرَّجُلُ فِي الْحَاجَةِ فَيَقُومُ مَعَهُ حَتَّى يَقْضِيَ حَاجَتَهُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيُصَلِّي ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ الْحَدِيثُ لَيْسَ بِمَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ ثَابِتٍ هُوَ مِمَّا تَفَرَّدَ بِهِ جَرِيرُ بْنُ حَازِمٍ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would descend from the pulpit and a man stop him for his need. He would remain standing with him until his need was fulfilled. Then he would stand and pray.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition is not well known from the narrator Thabit.  Jarir bin Hazim is the only narrator of this tradition.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 732

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: If anyone gets a rak'a in the prayer (along with the Imam), he has got the whole prayer.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 733
 

Al-Nu'man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to recite at the two Eid (festivals) and on Friday - سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [ Glorify the name of your most high Lord] (Al-A'laa) and هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ [Has the story of the overwhelming reached you?]  (Al-Ghashiya) He said : When an Eid and a Friday coincided, he recited them both (at the two prayers).
 
 
 
Al-Dahhak bin Qais asked al-Nu'man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : What did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited on Friday after reciting the Surah al-Jumu'ah. He replied : He used to recite - هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ [Had the story of overwhelming event reached you?] (Al-Ghashiya).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 735
 
Ibn Abi Rafi' said : Abu Hurairh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in the Friday prayer and recited Surah al-Jumu'a,  and  إِذَا جَاءَكَ الْمُنَافِقُونَ [When the hypocrites come to you] (Al-Munaafiqoon) in the last rak'a. He said : I met Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when he finished the prayer and said to him : You recited the two surah that Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to recite at Kufah. Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) reciting them on Friday.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 736
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ مَعْبَدِ بْنِ خَالِدٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ عُقْبَةَ، عَنْ سَمُرَةَ بْنِ جُنْدُبٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِي صَلاَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ ‏{‏ سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى ‏}‏ وَ ‏{‏ هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ ‏}‏ ‏

Samurah Ibn Jundub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to recite in the Friday prayer - سَبِّحِ اسْمَ رَبِّكَ الأَعْلَى [(O' People) Glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most High] (Al-A'laa) and هَلْ أَتَاكَ حَدِيثُ الْغَاشِيَةِ [Has the story of the overwhelming event reached you?] (Al-Ghaasia).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 737

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered the prayer in his apartment and people were following him behind apartment.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 738
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ، وَسُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، أَنَّ ابْنَ عُمَرَ، رَأَى رَجُلاً يُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فِي مَقَامِهِ فَدَفَعَهُ وَقَالَ أَتُصَلِّي الْجُمُعَةَ أَرْبَعًا وَكَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ يُصَلِّي يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَيَقُولُ هَكَذَا فَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏
 
Nafi' narrated that  Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw a man praying two rak'a after the Friday prayer on the same place (where he offered the Friday prayer). He pushed him and said : Do you offer four rak'a of Friday prayer? 'Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to pray two rak'a in his house after the Friday prayer, and he used to say : this is how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 739
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، أَخْبَرَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، قَالَ كَانَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ يُطِيلُ الصَّلاَةَ قَبْلَ الْجُمُعَةِ وَيُصَلِّي بَعْدَهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَيُحَدِّثُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَفْعَلُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Nafi' narrated that  Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to lengthen his prayer before the Friday prayer and would offer two rak'a after it in his house. He used to say that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would do that.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 740
Umar bin Ata bin Abu al-Khuwar said that Nafi bin Jubair sent him to al-Sa'ib bin Yazid bin Ukht Namir to ask him about something Mu'awiyyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had seen him do in prayer. He said : I offered the Friday prayer along with him in enclosure. When I uttered the salutation I stood up in my place and prayed. When he went in, he sent me a message saying : Never again do what you have done. When you pray the Friday prayer, you must not join another prayer to it till you have engaged in conversation or gone out, for the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave the precise command not to join on prayer till you have engaged in conversation or gone out.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 741
 
Ata said : When Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) offered the Friday prayer in Makka he would go forward and pray two rak'a, he would then go forward and pray four rak'a; but when he was in Madina, he offered the Friday prayer, then returned to his house and prayed two rak'a, not praying them in the Mosque. Someone mentioned this to him and he replied that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do that.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 742
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying (this is the version of the narrator Ibn al-Sabbah) : If anyone of you prays after the Friday prayer, he should pray four rak'a. According to the version of the narrator Ibn Yunus, the tradition goes : When you have offered the Friday prayer, pray after it four rak'a. He said : My father said to me : My son, if you have prayed two rak'a in the mosque, then you come to your house, pray two rak'a more.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 743
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي بَعْدَ الْجُمُعَةِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي بَيْتِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَكَذَلِكَ رَوَاهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ دِينَارٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray two rak'a in his house after the Friday prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition has been transmitted in a similar way by Abdullah bin Dinar from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 744

Ibn Jurayj narrated that Ata' told him that he saw Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) pray after the Friday prayer. He moved a little from the place where he offered the Friday prayer. Then he would pray two rak'a. He then walked far away from that place and would offer four rak'a. I asked Ata : How many times did you see Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) do that? He replied : Many times.

Imam Abu Dawud said, this has been narrated by Abdul Malik Ibn Abu Sulayman, but did not narrate it completely.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 745
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ قَدِمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْمَدِينَةَ وَلَهُمْ يَوْمَانِ يَلْعَبُونَ فِيهِمَا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا هَذَانِ الْيَوْمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا كُنَّا نَلْعَبُ فِيهِمَا فِي الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ أَبْدَلَكُمْ بِهِمَا خَيْرًا مِنْهُمَا يَوْمَ الأَضْحَى وَيَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏‏

Anas Ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to Madina, the people had two days on which they engaged in games. He asked : What are these two days (what is the significance)? They said : We used to engage ourselves on them in the pre-Islamic period. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Allah has substituted for them something better than them, the day of sacrifice (Eid al-Adha)  and the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr).

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 746
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْمُغِيرَةِ، حَدَّثَنَا صَفْوَانُ، حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ خُمَيْرٍ الرَّحْبِيُّ، قَالَ خَرَجَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُسْرٍ صَاحِبُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَعَ النَّاسِ فِي يَوْمِ عِيدِ فِطْرٍ أَوْ أَضْحَى فَأَنْكَرَ إِبْطَاءَ الإِمَامِ فَقَالَ إِنَّا كُنَّا قَدْ فَرَغْنَا سَاعَتَنَا هَذِهِ وَذَلِكَ حِينَ التَّسْبِيحِ ‏.‏

Yazid Ibn Khumayr Ar-Rahbi narrated that Abdullah Ibn Busr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the Companion of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), came out along with the people on the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr) or on the day of sacrifice (Eid al-Adha) (to offer the prayer). He disliked the delay of the Imam, and said : We would finish (our Eid prayer) at this moment, that is, at the time of forenoon.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 747
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، وَيُونُسَ، وَحَبِيبٍ، وَيَحْيَى بْنِ عَتِيقٍ، وَهِشَامٍ، - فِي آخَرِينَ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ، أَنَّ أُمَّ عَطِيَّةَ، قَالَتْ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ نُخْرِجَ ذَوَاتِ الْخُدُورِ يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ ‏.‏ قِيلَ فَالْحُيَّضُ قَالَ ‏"‏ لِيَشْهَدْنَ الْخَيْرَ وَدَعْوَةَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقَالَتِ امْرَأَةٌ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ لإِحْدَاهُنَّ ثَوْبٌ كَيْفَ تَصْنَعُ قَالَ ‏"‏ تُلْبِسُهَا صَاحِبَتُهَا طَائِفَةً مِنْ ثَوْبِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Umm Atiyya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded us to bring out the secluded women on the day of Eid (festival). He was asked : What about the women in menstruation?   He said : They should be present at the place of virtue and the supplications of the Muslims. A woman said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what should we do it one of us does not possess an outer garment ? He replied : Let her friend lend a part of her garment.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 748
 
This tradition has also been narrated by Umm Atiyyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) in a similar manner through a different chain. She added : The menstruating women should keep themselves away from the place of prayer of the Muslims. She did not mention the garment. She narrated this tradition from Ummul Momineen Hafsa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) mentioning a woman who asked about another woman saying : O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). She then reported the tradition like that narrated by Musa mentioning the garment.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 749
 
This tradition has also been narrated by Umm Atiyya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) though a different chain of transmitters. She said : We were commanded to go out (for offering the Eid prayer). She further said : The menstruating women stood behind the people and they uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) along with the people.
 
 
 
Umm Atiyyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : When the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to Madina, he gathered the women of Ansar in a house, and sent to them) 'Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He stood at the door and gave the salutation to us and we returned it (the salutation) to him. Thereupon, he said : I am the messenger of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to you. He commanded us to bring out the menstruating women and the virgins for both the Eid prayers and that the Friday prayer is not obligatory on us. He prohibited us to accompany the funeral procession.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 751
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ رَجَاءٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، ح وَعَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ طَارِقِ بْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْرَجَ مَرْوَانُ الْمِنْبَرَ فِي يَوْمِ عِيدٍ فَبَدَأَ بِالْخُطْبَةِ قَبْلَ الصَّلاَةِ فَقَامَ رَجُلٌ فَقَالَ يَا مَرْوَانُ خَالَفْتَ السُّنَّةَ أَخْرَجْتَ الْمِنْبَرَ فِي يَوْمِ عِيدٍ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يُخْرَجُ فِيهِ وَبَدَأْتَ بِالْخُطْبَةِ قَبْلَ الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيُّ مَنْ هَذَا قَالُوا فُلاَنُ بْنُ فُلاَنٍ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَمَّا هَذَا فَقَدْ قَضَى مَا عَلَيْهِ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ رَأَى مُنْكَرًا فَاسْتَطَاعَ أَنْ يُغَيِّرَهُ بِيَدِهِ فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الإِيمَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : Marwan brought out the pulpit on Eid. He began giving sermon before the prayer (against Prophet's ﷺ Sunah). A man stood and said : You opposed the Sunnah, O Marwan. You brought out the pulpit on the Eid, it was not brought out before and you began giving sermon before the prayer. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Who is this (man who objected to Marwan's action)? They (people) said : So-and so, son of so-and-so. He (Abu Said رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ said), he has performed his duty. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  say : He who observes an evil deed should change it with his hand if he can do so. If he cannot do, (he should change it) with his tongue.  If he cannot do then (he should dislike it) in his heart which is the weakest degree of the Iman.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 752
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَكْرٍ، قَالاَ أَخْبَرَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَطَاءٌ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ إِنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَامَ يَوْمَ الْفِطْرِ فَصَلَّى فَبَدَأَ بِالصَّلاَةِ قَبْلَ الْخُطْبَةِ ثُمَّ خَطَبَ النَّاسَ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَزَلَ فَأَتَى النِّسَاءَ فَذَكَّرَهُنَّ وَهُوَ يَتَوَكَّأُ عَلَى يَدِ بِلاَلٍ وَبِلاَلٌ بَاسِطٌ ثَوْبَهُ تُلْقِي فِيهِ النِّسَاءُ الصَّدَقَةَ قَالَ تُلْقِي الْمَرْأَةُ فَتَخَهَا وَيُلْقِينَ وَيُلْقِينَ وَقَالَ ابْنُ بَكْرٍ فَتَخَتَهَا ‏.‏

Jabir Ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood on the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Adha) and offered prayer. He began the prayer before the sermon. He then addressed the people. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished the sermon, he descended (from the pulpit) and went to women. He gave them an exhortation while he was leaning on the hand of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) spread his garment in which women were putting alms; some women put their rings and others,  other things.

 

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، قَالَ أَشْهَدُ عَلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَشَهِدَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ خَرَجَ يَوْمَ فِطْرٍ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ خَطَبَ ثُمَّ أَتَى النِّسَاءَ وَمَعَهُ بِلاَلٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ أَكْبَرُ عِلْمِ شُعْبَةَ فَأَمَرَهُنَّ بِالصَّدَقَةِ فَجَعَلْنَ يُلْقِينَ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out on Eid. He first offered the prayer and then delivered the sermon. He then went to women taking Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with him.

Ibn Kathir said the probable opinion of Shu'bah is that he commanded them to give alms. So they began to put (their jewellery).

 
 
The above mentioned tradition has also been narrated by Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to the same effect through a different chain of transmitters. This version adds : He (the Prophet ) thought that women could not hear (his sermon). So he went to them and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was with him. He gave them exhortation and commanded them to give alms. Some women put their ear-rings and other their rings in the garment of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 755
 
The above mentioned tradition has also bee transmitted by Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : The women began to give their ear-rings and rings in alms. Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) began to collect them in his garment. He (the Prophet ) then distributed them among poor Muslims.
 
 

Al-Bara (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that someone presented a bow to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on Eid. So he preached leaning on it.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 757
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَابِسٍ، قَالَ سَأَلَ رَجُلٌ ابْنَ عَبَّاسٍ أَشَهِدْتَ الْعِيدَ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ نَعَمْ وَلَوْلاَ مَنْزِلَتِي مِنْهُ مَا شَهِدْتُهُ مِنَ الصِّغَرِ فَأَتَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْعَلَمَ الَّذِي عِنْدَ دَارِ كَثِيرِ بْنِ الصَّلْتِ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ خَطَبَ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ أَذَانًا وَلاَ إِقَامَةً قَالَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِالصَّدَقَةِ - قَالَ - فَجَعَلَ النِّسَاءُ يُشِرْنَ إِلَى آذَانِهِنَّ وَحُلُوقِهِنَّ قَالَ فَأَمَرَ بِلاَلاً فَأَتَاهُنَّ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Abdur Rahman bin 'Abis reported that a man asked Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Have you been present along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ? He replied : Yes. Had there been no dignity for me in his eyes, I would not have been present with him due to my unimportance. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to the point that was near the house of Kathir bin as-Salt. He prayed and afterwards preached. Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) did not mention the Adhan  and the Iqama. He then commanded to give alms. The women began to point to their ears and throats (to give their jewelry in alms).
 
 
 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 758
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ مُسْلِمٍ، عَنْ طَاوُسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى الْعِيدَ بِلاَ أَذَانٍ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٍ وَأَبَا بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ أَوْ عُثْمَانَ شَكَّ يَحْيَى ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered Eid prayer without the Adhan and the Iqamah. Abu Bakr and Umar or Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) also did so. The narrator Yahya is doubtful about Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 759
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَهَنَّادٌ، - وَهَذَا لَفْظُهُ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ حَرْبٍ - عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم غَيْرَ مَرَّةٍ وَلاَ مَرَّتَيْنِ الْعِيدَيْنِ بِغَيْرِ أَذَانٍ وَلاَ إِقَامَةٍ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he prayed the Eid Salah with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) not once or twice (but many times) without the Adhan and the Iqamah.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 760
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ لَهِيعَةَ، عَنْ عُقَيْلٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُكَبِّرُ فِي الْفِطْرِ وَالأَضْحَى فِي الأُولَى سَبْعَ تَكْبِيرَاتٍ وَفِي الثَّانِيَةِ خَمْسًا ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the takbir in Eid Al-Fitr and Eid adh-Duha is seven times in the first rak'a and five times in the second rak'a.   

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 761
 
The above tradition has also been narrated by Ibn Shihab through a different chain of transmitters to the same effect. This version adds : Except the two takbir pronounced at the time of the bowing.
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 762
 
Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : There are seven takbir in the first rak'a and five in the second rak'a of the prayer offered on the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 763
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ حَيَّانَ - عَنْ أَبِي يَعْلَى الطَّائِفِيِّ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُكَبِّرُ فِي الْفِطْرِ فِي الأُولَى سَبْعًا ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يُكَبِّرُ ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيُكَبِّرُ أَرْبَعًا ثُمَّ يَقْرَأُ ثُمَّ يَرْكَعُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ وَكِيعٌ وَابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ قَالاَ سَبْعًا وَخَمْسًا ‏.‏

Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say on the day of the breaking of the fast seven takbir in the first rak'a and then recite the Qur'an, and utter the takbir  (while going into Ruku). Then he would stand, and utter the takbir four times. Thereafter he would recite the Qur'an and bow.

Imam Abu Dawood said this has been narrated by Waki' and Ibn al-Mubarak. Their version goes : "Seven (in the first rak'a) and five (in the second).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 764
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، وَابْنُ أَبِي زِيَادٍ، - الْمَعْنَى قَرِيبٌ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ حُبَابٍ - عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ ثَوْبَانَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ مَكْحُولٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو عَائِشَةَ، جَلِيسٌ لأَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْعَاصِ، سَأَلَ أَبَا مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيَّ وَحُذَيْفَةَ بْنَ الْيَمَانِ كَيْفَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُكَبِّرُ فِي الأَضْحَى وَالْفِطْرِ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى كَانَ يُكَبِّرُ أَرْبَعًا تَكْبِيرَهُ عَلَى الْجَنَائِزِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ حُذَيْفَةُ صَدَقَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ أَبُو مُوسَى كَذَلِكَ كُنْتُ أُكَبِّرُ فِي الْبَصْرَةِ حَيْثُ كُنْتُ عَلَيْهِمْ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَبُو عَائِشَةَ وَأَنَا حَاضِرٌ سَعِيدَ بْنَ الْعَاصِ ‏.‏
 
Abu Aisha narrated that Sa'id bin al-'As asked Abu Musa al-Ash'ari and Hudhaifah bin al-Yaman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) : How would the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) utter the takbir in the prayer of the day of sacrifice (Eid al-Adha) and of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr). Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : He uttered takbir four times as he did at funerals. Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : He is correct. Then Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I used to utter the takbir in a similar way when I was the governor of Basrah. Abu Aishah said : I was present there when Sa'id bin al-'As asked.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 765
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ ضَمْرَةَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ الْمَازِنِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ، سَأَلَ أَبَا وَاقِدٍ اللَّيْثِيَّ مَاذَا كَانَ يَقْرَأُ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الأَضْحَى وَالْفِطْرِ قَالَ كَانَ يَقْرَأُ فِيهِمَا ‏{‏ ق وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ ‏}‏ وَ ‏{‏ اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ ‏}‏ ‏.‏
 
Ubaidullah bin Abdullah bin Utbah bin Mas'ud narrated : 'Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked Abu Waqid al-Laithi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : What did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite during the prayer on the day of sacrifice (Eid al-Adha) and on the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr)? He replied : He recited at both of them - ق وَالْقُرْآنِ الْمَجِيدِ [Qaf, By the Glorious Quran] (Sura Qaf),  and  اقْتَرَبَتِ السَّاعَةُ وَانْشَقَّ الْقَمَرُ [The Hour draws near; the moon is split in two] (Al-Qamar).
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 766
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْبَزَّازُ، حَدَّثَنَا الْفَضْلُ بْنُ مُوسَى السِّيْنَانِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ، قَالَ شَهِدْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْعِيدَ فَلَمَّا قَضَى الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّا نَخْطُبُ فَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَجْلِسَ لِلْخُطْبَةِ فَلْيَجْلِسْ وَمَنْ أَحَبَّ أَنْ يَذْهَبَ فَلْيَذْهَبْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذَا مُرْسَلٌ عَنْ عَطَاءٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn As-Sa'ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he attended the Eid prayer along with the Aapostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). When he finished the prayer, he said : We shall deliver the sermon; he who likes to sit for listening to it may sit and he who likes to go away may go away.

Imam Abu Dawood said this is Mursal tradition (the Taba'ee Ata directly reporting from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), omitting the link of the Prophet's ﷺ Companion).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 767

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عُمَرَ - عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَخَذَ يَوْمَ الْعِيدِ فِي طَرِيقٍ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ فِي طَرِيقٍ آخَرَ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went out by one road on the day of the Eid (festival) and returned by another.

 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 768
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ أَبِي وَحْشِيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عُمَيْرِ بْنِ أَنَسٍ، عَنْ عُمُومَةٍ، لَهُ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ رَكْبًا جَاءُوا إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَشْهَدُونَ أَنَّهُمْ رَأَوُا الْهِلاَلَ بِالأَمْسِ فَأَمَرَهُمْ أَنْ يُفْطِرُوا وَإِذَا أَصْبَحُوا أَنْ يَغْدُوا إِلَى مُصَلاَّهُمْ ‏.‏

Abu Umayr reported on the authority of some of his paternal uncles who were Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Some men came riding to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and testified that they had sighted the new moon the previous day. He (the Prophet ), therefore, commanded the people to break the fast and to go out to their place of (Eid al-Fitr) prayer in the morning.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 769

Bakr Ibn Mubashshir al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he used to go to the place of prayer on the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid al-Fitr), and on the day of sacrifice (Eid Ad-Duha) along with the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We would walk through a valley known as Batn Bathan till we came to the place of prayer. Then we would pray along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and return through Batn Bathan (using a different way) to our house.

 

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 770
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنِي عَدِيُّ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَوْمَ فِطْرٍ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ لَمْ يُصَلِّ قَبْلَهُمَا وَلاَ بَعْدَهُمَا ثُمَّ أَتَى النِّسَاءَ وَمَعَهُ بِلاَلٌ فَأَمَرَهُنَّ بِالصَّدَقَةِ فَجَعَلَتِ الْمَرْأَةُ تُلْقِي خُرْصَهَا وَسِخَابَهَا ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out on the day of the breaking of the fast (Eid Al-Fitr) and prayed two rak'a, before and after which he did not pray. He then went to women, taking Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with him, and commanded them to give alms. So one began to put her ear-ring and another her necklace (in the garment of Bilal -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 771
حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ مُسْلِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا رَجُلٌ، مِنَ الْفَرْوِيِّينَ - وَسَمَّاهُ الرَّبِيعُ فِي حَدِيثِهِ عِيسَى بْنَ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى بْنِ أَبِي فَرْوَةَ - سَمِعَ أَبَا يَحْيَى عُبَيْدَ اللَّهِ التَّيْمِيَّ يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّهُ أَصَابَهُمْ مَطَرٌ فِي يَوْمِ عِيدٍ فَصَلَّى بِهِمُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلاَةَ الْعِيدِ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the rain fell on the day of Eid, so the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led them (the people) in the Eid prayer in the Mosque.