CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.2)

 

BOOK # 1 - PURIFICATION

كتاب الطهارة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #181 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ عُرْوَةَ، يَقُولُ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى مَرْوَانَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ فَذَكَرْنَا مَا يَكُونُ مِنْهُ الْوُضُوءُ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ مَرْوَانُ وَمِنْ مَسِّ الذَّكَرِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُرْوَةُ مَا عَلِمْتُ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ مَرْوَانُ أَخْبَرَتْنِي بُسْرَةُ بِنْتُ صَفْوَانَ أَنَّهَا سَمِعَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ مَسَّ ذَكَرَهُ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Busrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Safwan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Abdullah Ibn Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he heard Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : I entered upon Marwan ibn al-Hakam. We mentioned things that render the ablution void. Marwan said : Does it become void by touching the penis? Urwah replied : This I do not know. Marwan said : Busrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Safwan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported to me that she heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : He who touches his penis should perform ablution.

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا مُلاَزِمُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو الْحَنَفِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بَدْرٍ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ طَلْقٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَدِمْنَا عَلَى نَبِيِّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَجَاءَ رَجُلٌ كَأَنَّهُ بَدَوِيٌّ فَقَالَ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ مَا تَرَى فِي مَسِّ الرَّجُلِ ذَكَرَهُ بَعْدَ مَا يَتَوَضَّأُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ هَلْ هُوَ إِلاَّ مُضْغَةٌ مِنْهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ أَوْ قَالَ - ‏"‏ بَضْعَةٌ مِنْهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ هِشَامُ بْنُ حَسَّانَ وَسُفْيَانُ الثَّوْرِيُّ وَشُعْبَةُ وَابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ وَجَرِيرٌ الرَّازِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَابِرٍ عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ طَلْقٍ ‏.‏

Narrated Talq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : We came to the Prophet of Allah (). A man came to him : he seemed to be a bedouin. He said : Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what do you think about a man who touches his penis after performing ablution? He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : That is only a part of his body.

Imam Abu Dawud said : The tradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators.

 

 
The tradition has also been reported by Qais bin Talq through a different chain of narrators. This version adds the wording : "during the prayer"
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #184
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الرَّازِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، قَالَ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ الْوُضُوءِ مِنْ لُحُومِ الإِبِلِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ تَوَضَّئُوا مِنْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَسُئِلَ عَنْ لُحُومِ الْغَنَمِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَتَوَضَّئُوا مِنْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فِي مَبَارِكِ الإِبِلِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تُصَلُّوا فِي مَبَارِكِ الإِبِلِ فَإِنَّهَا مِنَ الشَّيَاطِينِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَسُئِلَ عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ فِي مَرَابِضِ الْغَنَمِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ صَلُّوا فِيهَا فَإِنَّهَا بَرَكَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Al-Bara' ibn Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked about performing ablution after eating the camel meat.  He replied : 'Perform ablution, after eating it. He was asked about performing ablution after eating meat. He replied : Do not perform ablution after eating it. He was asked about prayer in places where the camels lie down. He replied : Do not offer prayer in places where the camels lie down. These are the places of Satan. He was asked about prayer in the sheepfolds. He replied : You may offer prayer in such places; these are the places of blessing.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #185
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، وَأَيُّوبُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الرَّقِّيُّ، وَعَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ الْحِمْصِيُّ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ، أَخْبَرَنَا هِلاَلُ بْنُ مَيْمُونٍ الْجُهَنِيُّ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، - قَالَ هِلاَلٌ لاَ أَعْلَمُهُ إِلاَّ عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ أَيُّوبُ وَعَمْرٌو أُرَاهُ - عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَرَّ بِغُلاَمٍ وَهُوَ يَسْلُخُ شَاةً فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ تَنَحَّ حَتَّى أُرِيَكَ فَأَدْخَلَ يَدَهُ بَيْنَ الْجِلْدِ وَاللَّحْمِ فَدَحَسَ بِهَا حَتَّى تَوَارَتْ إِلَى الإِبْطِ ثُمَّ مَضَى فَصَلَّى لِلنَّاسِ وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ زَادَ عَمْرٌو فِي حَدِيثِهِ - يَعْنِي - لَمْ يَمَسَّ مَاءً ‏.‏ وَقَالَ عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الرَّمْلِيِّ وَرَوَاهُ عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ وَأَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ عَنْ هِلاَلٍ عَنْ عَطَاءٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مُرْسَلاً لَمْ يَذْكُرَا أَبَا سَعِيدٍ ‏.‏

Narrated Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) passed by a boy who was skinning a goat. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Give it up until I show you. He (the Prophet ) inserted his hand between the skin and the flesh until it reached the armpit. He then went away and led the people in prayer and he did not perform ablution. The version of Amr added that he did not touch water.

Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been narrated through another chain of transmitters, making no mention of Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #186
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ بِلاَلٍ - عَنْ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَرَّ بِالسُّوقِ دَاخِلاً مِنْ بَعْضِ الْعَالِيَةِ وَالنَّاسُ كَنَفَتَيْهِ فَمَرَّ بِجَدْىٍ أَسَكَّ مَيِّتٍ فَتَنَاوَلَهُ فَأَخَذَ بِأُذُنِهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَيُّكُمْ يُحِبُّ أَنَّ هَذَا لَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏
 
Jaabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) passed by the market on his return from one of the villages of Aliyah.  People accompanied him on both sides. One the way he found a dead kid with both its ears joined together. He caught hold of it by its ear. He then said : Which of you likes to take it ? The narrator transmitted the tradition in full.

 
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَكَلَ كَتِفَ شَاةٍ ثُمَّ صَلَّى وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) took (the meat of) a (goat's) shoulder and offered prayer and did not perform ablution.
 
 

Narrated Al-Mughirah Ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : One night I became the guest of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He ordered that a piece of mutton be roasted, and it was roasted. He then took a knife and began to cut the meat with it for me. In the meantime Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and called him for prayer. He threw the knife and said : What happened! may his hands be smeared with earth! He then stood for offering prayer (without doing Wudu). 

Al-Anbari (one of the narrators added) : My (Mughira Ibn Shubah's ؓ ) mustaches had become lengthy. He trimmed them by placing a tooth-stick; or he said : I shall trim your mustache by placing the tooth-stick there.


Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) took a shoulder (of goat's meat) and after wiping his hand with a cloth on which he was sitting, he got up and prayed.

 
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ate a little meat from a (goat's) shoulder. He then offered prayer and did not perform ablution.
 
 
 
Muhammad bin al-Munkadir said : I heard Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : I presented bread and meat to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He ate them and called for ablution water. He performed ablution and offered the noon (Dhuhr) prayer. He then called for the remaining food and ate it. He then got up and prayed and did not perform ablution.
 
 

It is reported on that authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gave concession in the necessity of doing Wudu after eating the cooked food.  And he demonstrated it by not performing ablution after taking anything that was cooked with the help of fire.

Abu Dawud said : This is the abridgment of the former tradition.

 

Abdullah ibn Harith ibn Jaz  reported that one of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us in Egypt. When he was narrating traditions in the Mosque of Egypt, I heard him say : I was the seventh or the sixth person in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the house of a person (who had invited the Prophet ﷺ for a meal). In the meantime Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and called him for prayer. He came out and passed by a person who had his fire-pan on the fire. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to him: Has the food in the fire-pan been cooked? He replied : Yes, my parents be sacrificed upon you. He then took a piece out of it and continued to chew it until he uttered the first takbir  of the prayer. All this time I was looking at him.

 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #194
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ حَفْصٍ، عَنِ الأَغَرِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ الْوُضُوءُ مِمَّا أَنْضَجَتِ النَّارُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do Wudu  after eating anything which has been cooked on fire.
 

Abu Sufyan ibn Sa'id ibn al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he went to Ummul Momineen Umm Habibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), who presented him a glass of Saweeq (a soup prepared with flour and water) to drink. He called for water and rinsed his mouth. She said : O my cousin, don't you perform ablution? The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do Wudu after eating anything cooked with fire, or he said : anything touched by fire.

Imam Abu Dawud said, the version of al-Zuhri has : O my paternal cousin.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #196
 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ عَقِيلٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَرِبَ لَبَنًا فَدَعَا بِمَاءٍ فَتَمَضْمَضَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ لَهُ دَسَمًا ‏"‏ ‏
 
Abdullah bin Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that  the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) drank some milk and then rinsed his mouth saying : it contains greasiness.

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #197
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ الْحُبَابِ، عَنْ مُطِيعِ بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ تَوْبَةَ الْعَنْبَرِيِّ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَنَسَ بْنَ مَالِكٍ، يَقُولُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم شَرِبَ لَبَنًا فَلَمْ يُمَضْمِضْ وَلَمْ يَتَوَضَّأْ وَصَلَّى ‏.‏ قَالَ زَيْدٌ دَلَّنِي شُعْبَةُ عَلَى هَذَا الشَّيْخِ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) drank some milk and he did not rinse his mouth nor did he perform ablution, and he offered the prayer.

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #198
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ الرَّبِيعُ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، حَدَّثَنِي صَدَقَةُ بْنُ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ عَقِيلِ بْنِ جَابِرٍ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ خَرَجْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم - يَعْنِي فِي غَزْوَةِ ذَاتِ الرِّقَاعِ - فَأَصَابَ رَجُلٌ امْرَأَةَ رَجُلٍ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ فَحَلَفَ أَنْ لاَ أَنْتَهِي حَتَّى أُهَرِيقَ دَمًا فِي أَصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ فَخَرَجَ يَتْبَعُ أَثَرَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَنَزَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَنْزِلاً فَقَالَ مَنْ رَجُلٌ يَكْلَؤُنَا فَانْتَدَبَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَرَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ كُونَا بِفَمِ الشِّعْبِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ الرَّجُلاَنِ إِلَى فَمِ الشِّعْبِ اضْطَجَعَ الْمُهَاجِرِيُّ وَقَامَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ يُصَلِّي وَأَتَى الرَّجُلُ فَلَمَّا رَأَى شَخْصَهُ عَرَفَ أَنَّهُ رَبِيئَةٌ لِلْقَوْمِ فَرَمَاهُ بِسَهْمٍ فَوَضَعَهُ فِيهِ فَنَزَعَهُ حَتَّى رَمَاهُ بِثَلاَثَةِ أَسْهُمٍ ثُمَّ رَكَعَ وَسَجَدَ ثُمَّ انْتَبَهَ صَاحِبُهُ فَلَمَّا عَرَفَ أَنَّهُمْ قَدْ نَذِرُوا بِهِ هَرَبَ وَلَمَّا رَأَى الْمُهَاجِرِيُّ مَا بِالأَنْصَارِيِّ مِنَ الدَّمِ قَالَ سَبْحَانَ اللَّهِ أَلاَ أَنْبَهْتَنِي أَوَّلَ مَا رَمَى قَالَ كُنْتُ فِي سُورَةٍ أَقْرَأُهَا فَلَمْ أُحِبَّ أَنْ أَقْطَعَهَا ‏.‏

Jabir ibn Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that we proceeded in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for the battle of Dhat ar-Riqa. One of the Muslims killed the wife of one of the unbelievers. He (the husband of the woman who was killed) took an oath saying : I shall not rest until I kill one of the companions of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

He went out following the footsteps of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) encamped at a certain place. He said : Who will keep a watch on us? A person from the Muhajirun (Emigrants) and another from the Ansar (Helpers) responded. He said : Go to the mouth of the mountain-pass. When they went to the mouth of the mountain-pass the man from the Muhajirun lay down while the man from the Ansar stood for praying.

The man (enemy) came to them. When he saw the person (standing in the prayer) he realized that he was the watchman of the Muslims. He shot an arrow towards him which hit the Ansar praying. He (took the arrow out and) but threw it away. The enemy then shot three arrows. Then he (the Muslim) bowed and prostrated and awoke his companion. When he (the enemy) perceived that they (the Muslims) had become aware of his presence, he ran away.

When the man from the Muhajirun saw the (man from the Ansar) bleeding, he asked him : Glory be to Allah! Why did you not wake me up the first time when he shot at you. He (the ansar) replied : I was busy reciting a chapter of the Qur'an. I did not like to leave it.


حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي نَافِعٌ، حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم شُغِلَ عَنْهَا لَيْلَةً فَأَخَّرَهَا حَتَّى رَقَدْنَا فِي الْمَسْجِدِ ثُمَّ اسْتَيْقَظْنَا ثُمَّ رَقَدْنَا ثُمَّ اسْتَيْقَظْنَا ثُمَّ رَقَدْنَا ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يَنْتَظِرُ الصَّلاَةَ غَيْرَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that one night the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was busy and he delayed the night (isha) prayer so much so that we dosed in the mosque. We awoke, then dozed, and again awoke and again dozed. He (the prophet ﷺ) then came to us and said : There is none except you who is waiting for prayer.
 

 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Companions during the lifetime of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to wait for the night prayer so much so that their heads were lowered down (by dozing). Then they offered prayer and did not perform ablution.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the authority of Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) added : We lowered down our heads (on accounts of dozing) in the day of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

Imam Abu Dawud said that this tradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators.

 
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the people stood up for the night prayer and a man stood up and spoke forth : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I have to say something to you. He (the Prophet ﷺ) entered into private conversation with him, till the people or some of the people dozed off, and then he led them in prayer. (Thabit al-Bunani, the narrator) did not mention ablution.
 

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that (some times) the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would prostrate and (fall) asleep  and snore. Then he would stand and pray and would not perform ablution. I said to him : you (continued) praying but did not perform ablution though you (fell) asleep  (in prostration). He replied : Ablution is necessary for the one who sleeps while he is lying down. Uthman and Hannad added : For when he lies down, his joints are relaxed.

Imam Abu Dawud said that the statement "ablution is necessary for one who sleeps while one is lying down" is  Munkar (rejected) (because the Prophet ﷺ is protected in all types of sleep). It has been narrated only by Yazid Abu Khalid al-Dalani, on the authority of Qatadah. And its earlier part has been narrated by a group (of narrators) from Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and they did not mention anything about this Munkar statement. He (Ibn 'Abbasؓ ) said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was protected (during his sleep). Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: My eyes sleep, but my heart does not sleep.

Shu'bah said : Qatadah  heard from Abu Aliyah only four traditions : (i) the tradition about Jonah, son of Matthew, (ii) the tradition reported by Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about prayer, (iii) the tradition stating that the judges are three, and (iv) the tradition narrated by Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying : (This tradition) has been narrated to me by reliable persons and Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is one of them, and the most reliable of them in my opinion is Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

Imam Abu Dawud said : I asked Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal about the tradition narrated by Yazid al-Dalani. He rebuked me out of respect for him. Then he said : Yazid al-Dalani does not add anything to what has been narrated by the teachers of Qatadah. He did not care of this tradition (in view of its weakness).

 

Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: The eyes are the leather strap of the anus, so one who sleeps should perform ablution.



حَدَّثَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي شَرِيكٌ، وَجَرِيرٌ، وَابْنُ، إِدْرِيسَ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ شَقِيقٍ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ كُنَّا لاَ نَتَوَضَّأُ مِنْ مَوْطِئٍ وَلاَ نَكُفُّ شَعْرًا وَلاَ ثَوْبًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ فِيهِ عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ عَنْ شَقِيقٍ عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ أَوْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ وَقَالَ هَنَّادٌ عَنْ شَقِيقٍ أَوْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْهُ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that we would not wash our feet after treading on something unclean, nor would we hold our hair and garments (during prayer).

Imam Abu Dawud said : The tradition has been reported by Ibrahim bin Abi Mu'awiyah through a different chain of narrators : A'mash - Shaqiq - Masruq - 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). And Hannad reported from Shaqiq, or reported on his authority saying : 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #205
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ الأَحْوَلِ، عَنْ عِيسَى بْنِ حِطَّانَ، عَنْ مُسْلِمِ بْنِ سَلاَّمٍ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ طَلْقٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا فَسَا أَحَدُكُمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَلْيَنْصَرِفْ فَلْيَتَوَضَّأْ وَلْيُعِدِ الصَّلاَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ali ibn Talq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When any of you breaks wind during the prayer, he should turn away and perform ablution and repeat the prayer.

 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبِيدَةُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ الْحَذَّاءُ، عَنِ الرُّكَيْنِ بْنِ الرَّبِيعِ، عَنْ حُصَيْنِ بْنِ قَبِيصَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، - رضى الله عنه - قَالَ كُنْتُ رَجُلاً مَذَّاءً فَجَعَلْتُ أَغْتَسِلُ حَتَّى تَشَقَّقَ ظَهْرِي فَذَكَرْتُ ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم - أَوْ ذُكِرَ لَهُ - فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَفْعَلْ إِذَا رَأَيْتَ الْمَذْىَ فَاغْسِلْ ذَكَرَكَ وَتَوَضَّأْ وُضُوءَكَ لِلصَّلاَةِ فَإِذَا فَضَخْتَ الْمَاءَ فَاغْتَسِلْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that 'my prostatic fluid flowed excessively. I used to take bath (every time) until my back cracked (because of frequent washing). I mentioned it to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), or the fact was mentioned to him (by someone else). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said; Do not do so. When you find prostatic fluid, wash your penis and perform ablution as you do for your prayer, but when you have seminal emission, you should take a bath.
 

 Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) commanded him to find out from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) what a man should do when he wants to have intercourse with his wife and the prostatic fluid comes out (at this moment). (He said) : I am ashamed of consulting him because of the position of his daughter. Al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about it. He said : When any of you finds, he should wash his private part, and perform ablution as he does for prayer.


Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Hadhrat Ali Ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and made a similar statement as above. Al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked him (the Prophet ﷺ). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : he should wash his penis and testicles.

Imam Abu Dawud said : The tradition has been narrators by al-Thawri and a group of narrators from Hisham on the authority of his father from al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reporting from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Urwah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of his father a tradition from  Hadhrat Ali bin  Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said : I asked al-Miqdad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (to consult the Prophet ﷺ). He then narrated the tradition bearing the same meaning.

Imam Abu Dawud said; this tradition has been reported with another chain of narrators. This version does not mention the word “testicles”.


Sahl ibn Hunayf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that I felt greatly distressed by the frequent flowing of prostatic fluid.   For this reason I used to take a bath very often. I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about this. He replied : ablution (Wudu) will be sufficient for you because of this. I asked : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what should I do if it smears my clothes. He replied : It is sufficient if you take a handful of water and sprinkle it on your clothe when you find it has smeared it.

 

Abdullah ibn Sa'd al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as to what makes it necessary to take a bath and about the (prostatic) fluid that flows after taking a bath. He replied : that is called 'Madhi' (الْمَذْىُ) that flows from every male. You should wash your private parts and testicles because of it and perform ablution as you do for prayer.


 

حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ بَكَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ - حَدَّثَنَا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْعَلاَءُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ حَرَامِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا يَحِلُّ لِي مِنَ امْرَأَتِي وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَكَ مَا فَوْقَ الإِزَارِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَذَكَرَ مُؤَاكَلَةَ الْحَائِضِ أَيْضًا وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏

 Abdullah Ibn S'ad al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : What is lawful for me to do with my wife when she is menstruating? He replied: What is above the waist-wrapper is lawful for you. The narrator also mentioned (the lawfulness of) eating with a woman in menstruation, and he transmitted the tradition in full.


Mu'adh ibn Jabal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : What is lawful for a man to do with his wife when she is menstruating? He replied : What is above the waist-wrapper, but it is better to abstain from it (till she is clean).  

Imam Abu Dawud said : This (tradition) is not strong.


 
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرٌو، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْحَارِثِ - عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، حَدَّثَنِي بَعْضُ، مَنْ أَرْضَى أَنَّ سَهْلَ بْنَ سَعْدٍ السَّاعِدِيَّ، أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ أُبَىَّ بْنَ كَعْبٍ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِنَّمَا جَعَلَ ذَلِكَ رُخْصَةً لِلنَّاسِ فِي أَوَّلِ الإِسْلاَمِ لِقِلَّةِ الثِّيَابِ ثُمَّ أَمَرَ بِالْغُسْلِ وَنَهَى عَنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ يَعْنِي ‏ "‏ الْمَاءَ مِنَ الْمَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ubayy bin Ka’b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made a concession in the early days of Islam on account of the paucity of clothes that one should not take a bath if one has sexual intercourse (and has no seminal emission). But later on he commanded to take a bath in such a case and prohibited its omission.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #215

Ubayy b. Ka’b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the command given to the people that water (bath) is necessary when there is emission (of semen during intercourse), was due to the concession granted by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in the beginning of Islam. Later he commanded people to take a bath (in such a case).

Abu Dawud said : By Abu Ghassan is meant Muhammad bin mutarrif.

 
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when anyone sits between the four parts of a woman and the parts that are circumcised  join together, then bath becomes obligatory.
 

 
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : water (bath) is necessary when there is seminal emission. And Abu Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) followed it.
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدُ بْنُ مُسَرْهَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدٌ الطَّوِيلُ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم طَافَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ عَلَى نِسَائِهِ فِي غُسْلٍ وَاحِدٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَكَذَا رَوَاهُ هِشَامُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَمَعْمَرٌ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ أَنَسٍ وَصَالِحُ بْنُ أَبِي الأَخْضَرِ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ كُلُّهُمْ عَنْ أَنَسٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that one day the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had sexual intercourse with (all) his wives with a single bath.

Imam Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been transmitted through another chain of narrators.

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَمَّتِهِ، سَلْمَى عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم طَافَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ عَلَى نِسَائِهِ يَغْتَسِلُ عِنْدَ هَذِهِ وَعِنْدَ هَذِهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أَلاَ تَجْعَلُهُ غُسْلاً وَاحِدًا قَالَ ‏ "‏ هَذَا أَزْكَى وَأَطْيَبُ وَأَطْهَرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَحَدِيثُ أَنَسٍ أَصَحُّ مِنْ هَذَا ‏.‏

Abu Rafi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that one day the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had intercourse with all his wives. He took a bath after each intercourse. I asked him : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), why don't you make it a single bath? He replied : This is more purifying, better and cleaning.

Imam Abu Dawud said: The tradition narrated by Anas () is more sound that this tradition.


 
Abu sa’id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When any of you has intercourse with his wife and desire to repeat it, he should perform ablution between them.
 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ ذَكَرَ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ تُصِيبُهُ الْجَنَابَةُ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَقَالَ لَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ تَوَضَّأْ وَاغْسِلْ ذَكَرَكَ ثُمَّ نَمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Umar bin al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) that he became sexually defiled at night (asking him what he should do). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : You should perform ablution and wash your penis and then sleep.
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَنَامَ وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ تَوَضَّأَ وُضُوءَهُ لِلصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) intended to sleep while he was junub, he would perform ablution as he did for prayer.
 
 

This Tradition has been narrated on the Authority of al-Zuhri through a different chain. It adds : If he intends to eat while he is defiled, he should wash both his hands.

Imam Abu Dawud said Ibn Wahb narrated this tradition on the authority of Yunus. He described the fact of eating as the statement of  Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) (not the Prophet ﷺ).  It has also been narrated  from ‘Urwah or Abu Salamah. Al-Awza’i narrated it from Yunus on the Authority of Al-Zuhri from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as narrated by Ibn al-Mubarak.


 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ أَوْ يَنَامَ تَوَضَّأَ ‏.‏ تَعْنِي وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to eat or sleep, he would perform ablution. She meant that (the Prophet ﷺ did so) when he was Junub.
 
 

Ammar bin Yasir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) granted permission to a person who was sexually defiled to eat or drink or sleep after doing wudu.

Imam Abu Dawud said : In the chain of this tradition there is a narrator between Yahya bin Ya'mur and Ammar bin Yasir.  Ali bin Abi Talib, Ibn Umar and 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) said : When a person is sexually defiled wants to eat, he should perform ablution.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #226
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمُعْتَمِرُ، ح حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا بُرْدُ بْنُ سِنَانٍ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ نُسَىٍّ، عَنْ غُضَيْفِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، قَالَ قُلْتُ لِعَائِشَةَ أَرَأَيْتِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَغْتَسِلُ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ فِي أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ أَوْ فِي آخِرِهِ قَالَتْ رُبَّمَا اغْتَسَلَ فِي أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ وَرُبَّمَا اغْتَسَلَ فِي آخِرِهِ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي الأَمْرِ سَعَةً ‏.‏ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُوتِرُ أَوَّلَ اللَّيْلِ أَمْ فِي آخِرِهِ قَالَتْ رُبَّمَا أَوْتَرَ فِي أَوَّلِ اللَّيْلِ وَرُبَّمَا أَوْتَرَ فِي آخِرِهِ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي الأَمْرِ سَعَةً ‏.‏ قُلْتُ أَرَأَيْتِ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَجْهَرُ بِالْقُرْآنِ أَمْ يَخْفِتُ بِهِ قَالَتْ رُبَّمَا جَهَرَ بِهِ وَرُبَّمَا خَفَتَ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي جَعَلَ فِي الأَمْرِ سَعَةً.‏

Ghudayf ibn al-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he  asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), 'have  you seen the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) washing (because of defilement) at the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied : Sometimes he would take a bath at the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

Thereupon I exclaimed : Allah is most Great. All Praise be to Allah Who made this matter accommodative.

I again asked her : What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed the witr prayer  in the beginning of the night or at the end?

She replied : Sometimes he would do the witr prayer in the beginning of the night and sometimes at the end.

I exclaimed : Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter accommodative.

Again I asked her : What do you think, did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recite the Qur'an (in the prayer) loudly or softly?

She replied : Sometimes he would recite loudly and sometimes softly.

I exclaimed : Allah is most Great. All praise be to Allah Who made the matter flexible.

 

Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said the Angels do not enter the house where there is a picture, or a dog, or a person who is sexually defiled.


Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that the  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would sleep while he was sexually defiled without touching water.

Imam Abu Dawud said that Hasan bin Ali al-Wasiti said that he heard Yazid bin Harun say that this tradition reported by Abu Ishaq is based on a misunderstanding,

 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلِمَةَ، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى عَلِيٍّ - رضى الله عنه - أَنَا وَرَجُلاَنِ رَجُلٌ مِنَّا وَرَجُلٌ مِنْ بَنِي أَسَدٍ - أَحْسِبُ فَبَعَثَهُمَا عَلِيٌّ - رضى الله عنه - وَجْهًا وَقَالَ إِنَّكُمَا عِلْجَانِ فَعَالِجَا عَنْ دِينِكُمَا ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَدَخَلَ الْمَخْرَجَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ فَدَعَا بِمَاءٍ فَأَخَذَ مِنْهُ حَفْنَةً فَتَمَسَّحَ بِهَا ثُمَّ جَعَلَ يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ فَأَنْكَرُوا ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الْخَلاَءِ فَيُقْرِئُنَا الْقُرْآنَ وَيَأْكُلُ مَعَنَا اللَّحْمَ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَحْجُبُهُ - أَوْ قَالَ يَحْجُزُهُ - عَنِ الْقُرْآنِ شَىْءٌ لَيْسَ الْجَنَابَةَ ‏

Abdullah ibn Salamah said,  I, accompanied by other two persons, one from us and the other from Banu Asad, called upon Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He sent them to a certain territory (on some mission) saying : You are sturdy and vigorous people; hence display your power for religion. He then stood and entered the toilet. He then came out and called for water and took a handful of it. Then he wiped (his hands) with it and began to recite the Qur'an. They were surprised at this (action).

Thereupon he said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out from the privy and taught us the Qur'an and took meat with us. Nothing prevented him; or the narrator said : Nothing prevented him from (reciting) the Qur'an except sexual defilement.

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ مِسْعَرٍ، عَنْ وَاصِلٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَقِيَهُ فَأَهْوَى إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ إِنِّي جُنُبٌ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمَ لاَ يَنْجُسُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) visited him and inclined towards him (for shaking hand). He (Hudhaifahؓ ) said : I am  defiled (junub). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied : A Muslim is not defiled.
 

Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) met me on one of the streets of Madina while I was sexually defiled. I retreated and went away. I then took a bath and came to him. He asked : Where were you, O Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)? I replied : As I was sexually defiled, I disliked to sit in your company without purification. He exclaimed: Glory be to Allah! A Muslim is not defiled.

Imam Abu Dawud said that the version of this tradition reported by Bishr has the chain : Humaid reported from Bakr.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #232
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَفْلَتُ بْنُ خَلِيفَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَتْنِي جَسْرَةُ بِنْتُ دِجَاجَةَ، قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها تَقُولُ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَوُجُوهُ بُيُوتِ أَصْحَابِهِ شَارِعَةٌ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ وَجِّهُوا هَذِهِ الْبُيُوتَ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَمْ يَصْنَعِ الْقَوْمُ شَيْئًا رَجَاءَ أَنْ تَنْزِلَ فِيهِمْ رُخْصَةٌ فَخَرَجَ إِلَيْهِمْ بَعْدُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ وَجِّهُوا هَذِهِ الْبُيُوتَ عَنِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَإِنِّي لاَ أُحِلُّ الْمَسْجِدَ لِحَائِضٍ وَلاَ جُنُبٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهُوَ فُلَيْتٌ الْعَامِرِيُّ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came and saw that the doors of the houses of his Companions  facing the mosque. He said : Turn the direction of the houses from the mosque. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then entered (the mosque), and the people did take any step in this regard hoping that some concession might be revealed. He (the Prophet ﷺ) again reminded them and said : Turn the direction of these (doors) from the mosque, I do not make the mosque lawful for a menstruating woman and for a person who is sexually defiled (Junub).

Abu Dawud said : Aflat bin Khalifah is also called Fulait al-Amiri.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #233
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ زِيَادٍ الأَعْلَمِ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم دَخَلَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ فَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ أَنْ مَكَانَكُمْ ثُمَّ جَاءَ وَرَأْسُهُ يَقْطُرُ فَصَلَّى بِهِمْ ‏.‏

Abu Bakrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began to lead (the people) in the dawn prayer. He then signaled with his hand to (Stay) at your places. (Then he entered his home). He then returned while drops of water were coming down from his body and he led them in prayer.

 

This tradition has been reported by Hammad bin Salamah through the same chain of narrators and conveying a similar meaning. This version adds in the beginning : He (the Prophet ﷺ) uttered Takbir (Allahu Akbar), and in the end : when he finished the prayer, he said : I am a human being; I was Junub .

Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been narrated by az-Zuhri from Abu Salamah bin Abdur Rahman on the authority of Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). It says : When he stood at the place of prayer, we waited for his utterance of Takbir (Allahu Akbar). He went away and said : (remain) as you were.

Another version on the authority of Muhammad reporting from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) says : He uttered Takbir (Allahu Akbar) and then made a sign to the people, meaning "sit down". He then went away and took a bath. This tradition has also been narrated through a different chain. It says : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttered Takbir (Allahu Akbar) in a prayer.

Abu Dawud said : Another version through a different chain says the   Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttered Takbir (Allahu Akbar).

 
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the prayer (in congregation) began and people stood in their rows. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out (from his residence). When he stood at his proper place he recalled that he did not take bath. He then said to the people : (Remain standing) at your places. Then he returned to his house and came out upon us after taking a bath while the drops of water were coming down from his head.  We were standing in the rows (of prayer). This is the version of Ibn Harb.  Ayyash reported in his version : we kept on waiting for him while we were standing until he came  after he had taken a bath.
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الْخَيَّاطُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ الْعُمَرِيُّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَجِدُ الْبَلَلَ وَلاَ يَذْكُرُ احْتِلاَمًا قَالَ ‏"‏ يَغْتَسِلُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَعَنِ الرَّجُلِ يَرَى أَنَّهُ قَدِ احْتَلَمَ وَلاَ يَجِدُ الْبَلَلَ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ غُسْلَ عَلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ أُمُّ سُلَيْمٍ الْمَرْأَةُ تَرَى ذَلِكَ أَعَلَيْهَا غُسْلٌ قَالَ ‏"‏ نَعَمْ إِنَّمَا النِّسَاءُ شَقَائِقُ الرِّجَالِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked about a person who found moisture (on his body or clothes) but did not remember the sexual dream. He replied : He should take a bath. He was asked about a person who remembered that he had a sexual dream but did not find moisture. He replied : Bath is not necessary for him. Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) then asked : Is washing necessary for a woman if she sees that (in her dream)? He replied : Yes. Woman are counterpart of men.

 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَنْبَسَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ قَالَ عُرْوَةُ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ أُمَّ سُلَيْمٍ الأَنْصَارِيَّةَ، - وَهِيَ أُمُّ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ - قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لاَ يَسْتَحْيِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ أَرَأَيْتَ الْمَرْأَةَ إِذَا رَأَتْ فِي النَّوْمِ مَا يَرَى الرَّجُلُ أَتَغْتَسِلُ أَمْ لاَ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ نَعَمْ فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ إِذَا وَجَدَتِ الْمَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ عَائِشَةُ فَأَقْبَلْتُ عَلَيْهَا فَقُلْتُ أُفٍّ لَكِ وَهَلْ تَرَى ذَلِكَ الْمَرْأَةُ فَأَقْبَلَ عَلَىَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ تَرِبَتْ يَمِينُكِ يَا عَائِشَةُ وَمِنْ أَيْنَ يَكُونُ الشَّبَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَكَذَلِكَ رَوَى عُقَيْلٌ وَالزُّبَيْدِيُّ وَيُونُسُ وَابْنُ أَخِي الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ أَبِي الْوَزِيرِ عَنْ مَالِكٍ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ وَوَافَقَ الزُّهْرِيَّ مُسَافِعٌ الْحَجَبِيُّ قَالَ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ‏.‏ وَأَمَّا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ فَقَالَ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ زَيْنَبَ بِنْتِ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ أَنَّ أُمَّ سُلَيْمٍ جَاءَتْ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported on the authority of Umm Sulaim al-Ansariyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), who was the mother of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). She (Umm Sulaimؓ ) said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم),  Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is not ashamed of truth. What do you think, if a woman sees what a man sees in dream, should she take a bath or not? The prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) replied : Yes, she should take bath if she finds liquid (vaginal secretion). Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said then I came to her and said : Woe to you! Does a woman see that (sexual dream)? In the meantime, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came and said : May your right hand be covered with dust! O' Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), Why then the child resembles the mother.

Imam Abu Dawud said a similar version has been narrated by  Uqail, Zubaid, Yunus, cousin of Az-Zuhri, Ibn Abi-Wazir, on the authority of az-Zuhr, Ibrahim bin Abu al-Wazir, from Malik from  al-Zuhri, narrated on the authority of ‘Urwah from  Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). But Hisham bin Urwah narrated from Urwah on the authority of Zainab, daughter of Abu Salamah from Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) saying,  Umm Sulaim came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَغْتَسِلُ مِنْ إِنَاءٍ - هُوَ الْفَرَقُ - مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ مَعْمَرٌ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ فِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَتْ كُنْتُ أَغْتَسِلُ أَنَا وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ إِنَاءٍ وَاحِدٍ فِيهِ قَدْرُ الْفَرَقِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَى ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ مَالِكٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ سَمِعْتُ أَحْمَدَ بْنَ حَنْبَلٍ يَقُولُ الْفَرَقُ سِتَّةَ عَشَرَ رِطْلاً ‏.‏ وَسَمِعْتُهُ يَقُولُ صَاعُ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ خَمْسَةُ أَرْطَالٍ وَثُلُثٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَمَنْ قَالَ ثَمَانِيَةُ أَرْطَالٍ قَالَ لَيْسَ ذَلِكَ بِمَحْفُوظٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَسَمِعْتُ أَحْمَدَ يَقُولُ مَنْ أَعْطَى فِي صَدَقَةِ الْفِطْرِ بِرَطْلِنَا هَذَا خَمْسَةَ أَرْطَالٍ وَثُلُثًا فَقَدْ أَوْفَى ‏.‏ قِيلَ الصَّيْحَانِيُّ ثَقِيلٌ قَالَ الصَّيْحَانِيُّ أَطْيَبُ ‏.‏ قَالَ لاَ أَدْرِي ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to take bath for Janabah from a vessel containing one Faraq (16 pounds) of water. 

Imam Abu Dawud said : The version narrated by Mu’ammar on the authority of al-Zuhri has : She (‘A’ishah ) said : I and the Apostle of Allah () took bath from a vessel which was equal to al-faraq in measurement ( containing about 16 pounds).

Imam Abu Dawud said : Ibn ‘Uyainah also narrated like the version of Malik.

Imam Abu Dawud said; I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal say: Al-Faraq contains sixteen rotls (of water). I also heard him say: The sa’of of Ibn Abi Dhi’b contained 5 rotls (of water). The view that a sa’ contains eight rotls (of water) is not safe.

Imam Abu Dawud said : I heard Ahmad (bin Hanbal) say : Whoever gave 5 1/3 rotls (measuring) with our rotl alms of fitr (sadaqat al-fitr), he gave in full, Thereupon he was questioned : Are the dates called al-saihani heavier (can one sa’ of them be given as alms of fitr)? He replied : The dates called al-saihani are good. But I do not know (whether water is heavier or the dates).

 
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، أَخْبَرَنِي سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ صُرَدٍ، عَنْ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ، أَنَّهُمْ ذَكَرُوا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْغُسْلَ مِنَ الْجَنَابَةِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أَمَّا أَنَا فَأُفِيضُ عَلَى رَأْسِي ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَأَشَارَ بِيَدَيْهِ كِلْتَيْهِمَا ‏.‏
 
Jubair bin Mut’im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that (some) people mentioned about bathing for Janabah (sexual defilement) in front of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I pour (water) on my head three times. And he made a sign with both his hands.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #240
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  reported that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to take bath for Janabah he called for a vessel like 'Hilab' (a vessel used for milking the camel). He then took a handful of water and began to pour it on the right side of his head and then on the left side. He then took water in both his hands together and poured it on his head.
 
 

 Jumay' ibn Umayr, one of the sons of Banu Taymullah ibn Tha'labah, reported that he, accompanied by his mother and aunt, went to Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). One of them asked her : How did you do while taking a bath? Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) replied : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed ablution (in the beginning) as he did for prayer. He then poured (water) upon his head three times. But we poured water upon our heads five times due to plaits.

 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would take a bath for Janabah; according to the version of Sulaiman, in the beginning he would pour water with his right hand (upon his left hand); and according to the version of Musaddad, he would wash both (hands) pouring water from the vessel upon his right hand. According to the agreed version, he then would wash the private part. He would then perform ablution as he did for prayer, then put his hands in the vessel and made the water go through his hair. When he knew that water had reached the entire surface of the body and cleaned it well, he would pour water upon his head three times. If some water was left, he would pour it also upon himself.
 
 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that  when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) intended to take a bath for Janabah, he would begin with his hands and wash them. Then he would wash the joints of his limbs and pour water upon him when he cleansed both his (hands), he would rub them on the wall (to make them perfectly clean with the dust). Then he would perform ablution and pour water over his head.

 

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, 'If you want I can certainly show you the marks of the hand of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on the wall where he took  bath for Janabah.

 

It is narrated on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his maternal aunt Ummul Momineen Maimunah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that she placed (the vessel of) water for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to take bath for Janabah.  He lowered down the vessel and poured water on his right hand. He then washed it twice or thrice. He then poured water over his private parts and washed them with his left hand. Then he put it on the ground and wiped it.  He then rinsed his mouth and snuffed up water to clean his nose, and washed his face and hands. He then poured water over his head and body. Then he moved aside and washed his feet.  I handed him a garment, but he did not take and wiped the water from his hands. 

I mentioned it to Ibrahim. He said that they (companions) did not think there was any harm in using the garment (to wipe the water), but they disliked its use as a habit.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Musaddad said : I asked ‘Abdullah bin Dawud whether they (the companions) disliked to make it a habit. He replied : it (the tradition) goes in a similar way and I found it in a similar way in this book of mine.

 

 
Shu’bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported when Ibn ‘Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) took  bath for janabah, he poured (water) over his left hand with his right hand seven times. Once he forgot how many times he had poured (water). Therefore he asked me : how many times did I pour (water)? I do not know. He said : may you miss your mother! What prevented you from remembering it? He then performed ablution as he did for prayer and poured water over his skin (body). He then said : this is how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) purified (himself).
 
 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : There were fifty prayers (obligatory in the beginning); and (in the beginning of Islam) washing seven times for Janabah (was obligatory); and washing the urine from the cloth seven times (was obligatory).

The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) kept on praying to Allah until the number of prayers was reduced to five and washing because of sexual defilement was allowed only once and washing the urine from the clothe was also permitted only once.

 

Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: There is sexual defilement under every hair; so wash the hair and cleanse the skin.

Imam Abu Dawud said that the above tradition narrated by Harith bin Wajih is rejected (Munkar). He is weak (in transmission).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #249

Hadhrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If anyone who is sexual defiled leaves a spot equal to the breadth of a hair without washing, such and such an amount of Hell-fire will have to be suffered for it. Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : On that account I treated my head (hair) as an enemy, meaning I cut my hair. He used to cut the hair (of his head). 

 


حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَغْتَسِلُ وَيُصَلِّي الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ وَصَلاَةَ الْغَدَاةِ وَلاَ أُرَاهُ يُحْدِثُ وُضُوءًا بَعْدَ الْغُسْلِ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) took a bath and offered two rak'a and then offered Fajr Salah. I do not think he performed ablution afresh after taking a bath.

 
 
حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَابْنُ السَّرْحِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ بْنِ مُوسَى، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، مَوْلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّ امْرَأَةً، مِنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ - وَقَالَ زُهَيْرٌ إِنَّهَا - قَالَتْ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي امْرَأَةٌ أَشُدُّ ضَفْرَ رَأْسِي أَفَأَنْقُضُهُ لِلْجَنَابَةِ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّمَا يَكْفِيكِ أَنْ تَحْفِنِي عَلَيْهِ ثَلاَثًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ زُهَيْرٌ ‏"‏ تَحْثِي عَلَيْهِ ثَلاَثَ حَثَيَاثٍ مِنْ مَاءٍ ثُمَّ تُفِيضِي عَلَى سَائِرِ جَسَدِكِ فَإِذَا أَنْتِ قَدْ طَهُرْتِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that one of the Muslims asked, and (as) Zubair (one of the narrators) reported : Ummul MomineenUmm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) herself asked : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). I am a women who keeps her hair closely plaited; should I undo it when I take bath for Janabah? He replied (no), it is enough for you to throw three handfuls over it. Then pour water over all your body and you will be purified.
 
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that a women came to her, this is according to the version of the former tradition. I asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) a similar question (as in the former tradition). But this version adds : “And wring out your locks after every handful of water”.

 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said when any of us was junub, she took three handfuls (of water) in this way, that is to say, with both hands together and poured (water) over her head. She took one handful (of water) and threw it on one side and the other on the other side.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #254
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said we took a bath while having an adhesive substance over us (our head) in both states, namely, when wearing a robe for Hajj (Ihram) and when wearing ordinary clothes (not meant for Hajj).
 
 

Narrated Thawban : Shurayh ibn Ubayd said that Jubayr ibn Nufayr gave me a verdict about the bath for Junub saying Thawban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported to them that they asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about it. He (the Prophet ﷺ) replied : As regards man, he should undo the hair of his head and wash it until the water should reach the roots of the hair. But there is no harm if the woman does not undo it (her hair) and pour three handfuls of water over her head.



حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ بَنِي سُوَاءَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَغْسِلُ رَأْسَهُ بِالْخِطْمِيِّ وَهُوَ جُنُبٌ يَجْتَزِئُ بِذَلِكَ وَلاَ يَصُبُّ عَلَيْهِ الْمَاءَ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said the Apostle of Allah () used to wash his head with marsh-mallow while he was junub. It was sufficient for him and he did not pour water upon it.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَافِعٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ قَيْسِ بْنِ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، مِنْ بَنِي سُوَاءَةَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، فِيمَا يَفِيضُ بَيْنَ الرَّجُلِ وَالْمَرْأَةِ مِنَ الْمَاءِ قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَأْخُذُ كَفًّا مِنْ مَاءٍ يَصُبُّ عَلَىَّ الْمَاءَ ثُمَّ يَأْخُذُ كَفًّا مِنْ مَاءٍ ثُمَّ يَصُبُّهُ عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏
 
On being asked about (washing) the fluid that flows between man and woman, Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to take a handful of water and pour it on the fluid. Again, he would take a handful of water and pour it over the fluid.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، حَدَّثَنَا ثَابِتٌ الْبُنَانِيُّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ الْيَهُودَ، كَانَتْ إِذَا حَاضَتْ مِنْهُمُ امْرَأَةٌ أَخْرَجُوهَا مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَلَمْ يُؤَاكِلُوهَا وَلَمْ يُشَارِبُوهَا وَلَمْ يُجَامِعُوهَا فِي الْبَيْتِ فَسُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ ذَلِكَ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ ‏{‏ وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُوا النِّسَاءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ ‏}‏ إِلَى آخِرِ الآيَةِ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ جَامِعُوهُنَّ فِي الْبُيُوتِ وَاصْنَعُوا كُلَّ شَىْءٍ غَيْرَ النِّكَاحِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَتِ الْيَهُودُ مَا يُرِيدُ هَذَا الرَّجُلُ أَنْ يَدَعَ شَيْئًا مِنْ أَمْرِنَا إِلاَّ خَالَفَنَا فِيهِ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ أُسَيْدُ بْنُ حُضَيْرٍ وَعَبَّادُ بْنُ بِشْرٍ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالاَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ الْيَهُودَ تَقُولُ كَذَا وَكَذَا أَفَلاَ نَنْكِحُهُنَّ فِي الْمَحِيضِ فَتَمَعَّرَ وَجْهُ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى ظَنَنَّا أَنْ قَدْ وَجَدَ عَلَيْهِمَا فَخَرَجَا فَاسْتَقْبَلَتْهُمَا هَدِيَّةٌ مِنْ لَبَنٍ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَبَعَثَ فِي آثَارِهِمَا فَسَقَاهُمَا فَظَنَنَّا أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَجِدْ عَلَيْهِمَا ‏.‏ 
 
Anas bin malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said,  among the Jews, when a women menstruated, they ejected her from the house, and refrained from eating along with her. They neither drink with her nor will associate with her in (their houses). Thus, the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was questioned about that. Thereupon Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) revealed وَيَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْمَحِيضِ ۖ قُلْ هُوَ أَذًى فَاعْتَزِلُوا النِّسَاءَ فِي الْمَحِيضِ ۖ وَلَا تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىٰ يَطْهُرْنَ ۖ فَإِذَا تَطَهَّرْنَ فَأْتُوهُنَّ مِنْ حَيْثُ أَمَرَكُمُ اللَّهُ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ التَّوَّابِينَ وَيُحِبُّ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ [ And they ask you about menstruation. Say, "It is harm, so keep away from wives during menstruation.  And do not approach them until they are pure. And when they have purified themselves, then come to them from where Allah has ordained for you. Indeed, Allah loves those who are constantly repentant and loves those who purify themselves. ] (Al-Baqara - 222). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then said : Associate with them in the houses and do everything except sexual intercourse. Thereupon the Jews said : This person does not want to leave anything we do without opposing us in it. Usaid bin Hudair and Abbad bin Bishr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) came and said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the Jews are saying such and such a thing. Shall we not then have intercourse with women during mensuration? The face of the Apostle Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) underwent such a change that we thought he was angry with them; but when they went out they received a gift of milk which was being brought to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and he sent after them and gave them a drink, whereupon we thought that he was not angry with them.
 
 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said 'I would eat meat from a bone when I was menstruating, then hand it over to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he would put his mouth where I had put my mouth.  I would drink, then hand it over to him, and he would put his mouth ( at the place) where I drank.
 
 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would recline on my lap when I was menstruating, then recite the Qur’an.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدُ بْنُ مُسَرْهَدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ ثَابِتِ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ لِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ نَاوِلِينِي الْخُمْرَةَ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي حَائِضٌ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ حَيْضَتَكِ لَيْسَتْ فِي يَدِكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to me; Get me the mat from the mosque. I said; I am menstruating. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then replied : Your menstruation is not in your hand.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ مُعَاذَةَ، أَنَّ امْرَأَةً، سَأَلَتْ عَائِشَةَ أَتَقْضِي الْحَائِضُ الصَّلاَةَ فَقَالَتْ أَحَرُورِيَّةٌ أَنْتِ لَقَدْ كُنَّا نَحِيضُ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَلاَ نَقْضِي وَلاَ نُؤْمَرُ بِالْقَضَاءِ ‏.‏
 
Mu’adhah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that a woman asked Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : should a menstruating woman complete the prayer abandoned during the period of menses?  Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : Are you a Haruriyyah? During menstruation in the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) we would not complete (the abandoned prayers), nor were we commanded to complete them.
 
Harūrīyya (الحرورية) were an early Muslim sect during Rashidun Caliphate (632-661). They are named after their leader Habīb ibn-Yazīd al-Harūrī. They were a branch of Kharajis who turned against Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).  
 
 
 
This tradition has also been narrated through a different chain on the authority of Mu’adhah al-‘Adawiyyah from Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).
 
Imam Abu Dawood said, this version adds; we were ordered  to complete the (abandoned) fast, even though we were not commanded to  complete the (abandoned) prayer.

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنِي الْحَكَمُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ مِقْسَمٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الَّذِي يَأْتِي امْرَأَتَهُ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ قَالَ ‏"‏ يَتَصَدَّقُ بِدِينَارٍ أَوْ نِصْفِ دِينَارٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَكَذَا الرِّوَايَةُ الصَّحِيحَةُ قَالَ ‏"‏ دِينَارٌ أَوْ نِصْفُ دِينَارٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَرُبَّمَا لَمْ يَرْفَعْهُ شُعْبَةُ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said about a person who had intercourse with his wife while she was menstruating : He must give one dinar or half a dinar in alms.

Abu Dawud said : The correct version says : One dinar or half a dinar. Shu'bah (a narrator) did not sometimes narrate this tradition as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said if one has intercourse in the beginning of the menses, (one should give) one dinar; in case one has intercourse towards the end of the menses, then half a dinar (should be given as charity)
 
 

Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying; when a man has intercourse with his wife while she is menstruating, he must give half a dinar in alms.

Abu Dawud said, Ali bin Budhaimah reported similarly on the authority of Miqsam from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Al-Awza’i narrated from Yazid bin Abi Malik, from ‘Abd al-Hamid bin ‘Abdur Rahman from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); He ordered him to give two fifth of a dinar in alms. But this is a chain where two narrators (Miqsam and Ibn Abbasؓ ) are missing.


حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ بْنُ خَالِدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَوْهَبٍ الرَّمْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ حَبِيبٍ، مَوْلَى عُرْوَةَ عَنْ نُدْبَةَ، مَوْلاَةِ مَيْمُونَةَ عَنْ مَيْمُونَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُبَاشِرُ الْمَرْأَةَ مِنْ نِسَائِهِ وَهِيَ حَائِضٌ إِذَا كَانَ عَلَيْهَا إِزَارٌ إِلَى أَنْصَافِ الْفَخِذَيْنِ أَوِ الرُّكْبَتَيْنِ تَحْتَجِزُ بِهِ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Maimunah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would contact and embrace any of his wives while she was menstruating. She would wear the wrapper up to half the the thighs or cover her knees with it.
 
 
 
Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, when anyone among us (the wives of the Prophet) menstruated, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked her to tie a waist wrapper (over her body) and then he wpuld lay with her, or he (Shu’bah) said : embraced her.
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ صُبْحٍ، سَمِعْتُ خِلاَسًا الْهَجَرِيَّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ، - رضى الله عنها - تَقُولُ كُنْتُ أَنَا وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ، صلى الله عليه وسلم نَبِيتُ فِي الشِّعَارِ الْوَاحِدِ وَأَنَا حَائِضٌ طَامِثٌ فَإِنْ أَصَابَهُ مِنِّي شَىْءٌ غَسَلَ مَكَانَهُ وَلَمْ يَعْدُهُ ثُمَّ صَلَّى فِيهِ وَإِنْ أَصَابَ - تَعْنِي ثَوْبَهُ - مِنْهُ شَىْءٌ غَسَلَ مَكَانَهُ وَلَمْ يَعْدُهُ ثُمَّ صَلَّى فِيهِ ‏.‏

Khallas al-Hujari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : I and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pass night in one (piece of) cloth (on me) while I menstruated profusely. If anything from me (blood) smeared him (his body), he would wash that spot and would not exceed it (in washing), then he would offer prayer with it.

 

Umarah ibn Ghurab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that his paternal aunt narrated to him that she asked Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا),  what if one of us menstruates and she and her husband have no bed except one? She replied : I relate to you what the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had done.

One night he entered (the house) while I was menstruating. He went to the place of his prayer reserved for this purpose.  He did not return until I felt asleep heavily, and he felt pain from cold. And he said : Come near me. I said : I am menstruating. He said : Uncover your thighs. I, therefore, uncovered both of my thighs. Then he put his cheek and chest on my thighs and I lent upon him until he became warm and slept.

 

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported : 'When I menstruated, I left the bed and lay on the reed-mat and did not approach or come near the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) until I got purified.

 

Ikrimah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying: When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to do something (kissing, embracing) with (his) menstruating wife, he would put a garment on her private part.

 
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would ask us in the beginning of our menstruation to tie the waist-wrapper. Then he would embrace us. And who among you can have as much control as the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had? 

 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ امْرَأَةً كَانَتْ تُهَرَاقُ الدِّمَاءَ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَاسْتَفْتَتْ لَهَا أُمُّ سَلَمَةَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ لِتَنْظُرْ عِدَّةَ اللَّيَالِي وَالأَيَّامِ الَّتِي كَانَتْ تَحِيضُهُنَّ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُصِيبَهَا الَّذِي أَصَابَهَا فَلْتَتْرُكِ الصَّلاَةَ قَدْرَ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الشَّهْرِ فَإِذَا خَلَّفَتْ ذَلِكَ فَلْتَغْتَسِلْ ثُمَّ لْتَسْتَثْفِرْ بِثَوْبٍ ثُمَّ لْتُصَلِّ فِيهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that in the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) there was a woman who had an issue of bleeding. So Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about her. He said : She should consider the number of nights and days during which she used to menstruate each month before she was afflicted with this trouble and abandon prayer during that period each month. When those days and nights are over, she should take a bath, tie a cloth over her private parts and pray.


 
Sulaiman bin Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that a man reported to him from Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that there was a woman who had an issue of constant bleeding. And he narrated the rest of the tradition to the same effect saying; when the menstruation period is over and the time of prayer arrives, she should take a bath, as mentioned in the previous tradition.
 
 
 
Sulaiman bin Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of a person from the Ansar that there was a woman who had an issue of bleeding. He then narrated the rest of the tradition like that of al-Laith. He said; when the period of menstruation is over and the time of prayer arrives, she should take a bath. He narrated the tradition conveying the same meaning.
 
 
This tradition has been transmitted through the chain of narrators like that of al-Laith to the same effect. It says; She should abandon prayer considering that period (she used to menstruate). When the time of prayer approaches, she should take a bath, tie a cloth over her private parts and offer prayer.

Sulaiman bin Yasar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported this narrative on the authority of Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). This version has : He (the Prophet ﷺ) said : She should abandon prayer and take a bath at the beginning of the additional period, and tie a cloth over her private parts and offer prayer.

Imam Abu Dawud said; Hammad bin Zaid on the authority of Ayyub has pointed out the name of the woman who had a prolonged flow of blood (referred to) in this tradition to be Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaish.


Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that Umm Habibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about the blood (which flows beyond the period of menstruation).  Ummul Momineen A’ishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : I saw her wash-tub full of blood. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, keep away (from prayer) equal (to the length of time) that your menses prevented you. Then wash yourself.

Abu Dawud said : Qutaibah mentioned the name Jaftar bin Rabi’ah in the middle of the text of the tradition for the second time,  once in the chain and again while reporting the text. Ali bin ‘Ayyash and yunus bin Muhammad reported it on the authority of al-Laith. They mentioned the name Jafar bin Rabi’ah.


Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #280

Narrated on the authority of Urwah ibn az-Zubayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Fatimah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) daughter of Abu Hubaysh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that she came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and complained to him about persistent bleeding. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to her : That is only (due to) a vein : look, when your real menstruation comes, do not pray; and when your menstruation ends, wash yourself (by taking a bath) and then offer prayer between the period from one menstruation to another.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith #281
 
قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ قَتَادَةُ مِنْ عُرْوَةَ شَيْئًا ‏وَزَادَ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ فِي حَدِيثِ الزُّهْرِيِّ عَنْ عَمْرَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ أَنَّ أُمَّ حَبِيبَةَ كَانَتْ تُسْتَحَاضُ فَسَأَلَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَمَرَهَا أَنْ تَدَعَ الصَّلاَةَ أَيَّامَ أَقْرَائِهَا ‏.‏

 

It is narrated from Az-Zuhri, from Urwah bin al-Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that  Fatimah bint Abu Hubaish (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) told him that  she asked Asma bint Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), or Asma (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) told him that Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaish (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) asked her to ask Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) concerning Istihadah (continuous bleeding). Thereupon, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded her to refrain (from prayer) equal to the period of her menses previously.  Then she should take a bath and offer prayer.  

Imam Abu Dawud said : Qatadah narrated it from 'Urwah b. al-Zubair, from Zainab Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), that Umm Habibah bint Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) had a prolonged flow of blood. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded her to abandon prayer for the period of her menses. She then should take bath, and offer prayer. Abu Dawud said : Qatadah did not hear anything from 'Urwah. 

And Ibn 'Uyainah added in the tradition narrated by al-Zuhri from Amrah on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). Umm Habibah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) had a prolonged flow of blood. She asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He commanded her to abandon prayer during her menstrual period.

Imam Abu Dawud said : This is a misunderstanding on the part of Ibn 'Uyainah. This is not found in the tradition reported by the transmitter from az-Zuhri except that mentioned by Suhail bin Abu Salih. Al-Humaidi also narrated this tradition from Ibn Uyainah, but he did not mention the words "she should abandon prayer during her menstrual period."

Qumair bint Masruq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : The woman who has prolonged flow of blood should abandon prayer during her menstrual period.

Abdur Rahman bin al-Qasim reported on the authority of his father : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded her to abandon prayers equal (to the length of time) that she has her (usual) menses.

Abu Bishr Ja'far bin Abi Wahshiyyah reported on the authority of 'Ikrimah from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) had a prolonged flow of blood; and he transmitted like that.

Sharik narrated from Abu al-Yaqzan from Adi bin Thabit from his father on the authority of his grandfather from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : The woman suffering from a prolonged flow of blood should abandon prayer during her menstrual period ; she then should take bath and pray. 

Al-Ala bin al-Musayyab reported from al-Hakam on the authority of Abu Ja'far, saying : Saudah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) had a prolonged flow of blood. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded that when he menstruation was finished, she should take bath and pray.

Sa'id bin Jubair reported from  Hadhrat Ali and Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) : A woman suffering from a prolonged flow of blood should refrain from prayers during her menstrual period.

Ammar, the freed slave of Banu Hashim,  and Talq bin Habib from Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated in a similar way.

In the same way it was reported by Ma'qil al-Khath'ami from  Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and also  Ash-Sha'bi   transmitted it in a similar manner from Qumair, the wife of Masruq, on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).  

Imam Abu Dawud said : Al-Hasan, Sa'id bin al-Musayyab, Ata, Makhul, Ibrahim, Salim and al-Qasim also hold that a woman suffering from a prolonged flow of blood should abandon prayer during her menstrual period.

Abu Dawud said : Qatadah did not hear anything from 'Urwah.

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ فَاطِمَةَ بِنْتَ أَبِي حُبَيْشٍ، جَاءَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَتْ إِنِّي امْرَأَةٌ أُسْتَحَاضُ فَلاَ أَطْهُرُ أَفَأَدَعُ الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّمَا ذَلِكِ عِرْقٌ وَلَيْسَتْ بِالْحَيْضَةِ فَإِذَا أَقْبَلَتِ الْحَيْضَةُ فَدَعِي الصَّلاَةَ وَإِذَا أَدْبَرَتْ فَاغْسِلِي عَنْكِ الدَّمَ ثُمَّ صَلِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
'Urwah reported on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that  Fatimah daughter of Abu Hubaish (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said : I am a woman who has prolonged flow of blood; I am never purified ; should I abandon prayer? He replied : This is (due to) a vein, and not menstruation. When the menstruation begins, you should abandon prayer; when it is finished, you should wash away the blood and pray.

 
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Zuhair through a different chain of narrators, to the same effect. He said : When the menstruation begins, you should abandon prayer; when the period equal to its length of time passes, you should wash away the blood and pray.
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَقِيلٍ، عَنْ بُهَيَّةَ، قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ امْرَأَةً، تَسْأَلُ عَائِشَةَ عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ، فَسَدَ حَيْضُهَا وَأُهَرِيقَتْ دَمًا فَأَمَرَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ آمُرَهَا فَلْتَنْظُرْ قَدْرَ مَا كَانَتْ تَحِيضُ فِي كُلِّ شَهْرٍ وَحَيْضُهَا مُسْتَقِيمٌ فَلْتَعْتَدَّ بِقَدْرِ ذَلِكَ مِنَ الأَيَّامِ ثُمَّ لْتَدَعِ الصَّلاَةَ فِيهِنَّ أَوْ بِقَدْرِهِنَّ ثُمَّ لْتَغْتَسِلْ ثُمَّ لْتَسْتَثْفِرْ بِثَوْبٍ ثُمَّ لْتُصَلِّي ‏.‏

Bahiyyah reported that he heard a woman asking Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) about the woman whose menses became abnormal and she had an issue of continuous bleeding. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked me to advise her that she should consider the period during which she used to menstruate every month, when her menstruation was normal. Then she should count the days equal to the length of time (of her normal menses); then she should abandon prayer during those days or equal to that period. She should then take bath, tie a cloth on her private parts and pray.

 

Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said Umm Habibah, daughter of Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and sister-in-law of Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  and wife of Abdur Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had a prolonged flow of blood for seven years. She inquired from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about it. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : This is not menstruation, it is (due to) a vein. Therefore, wash yourself and pray.

Imam Abu Dawud said in this tradition which is transmitted by az-Zuhri from 'Urwah and 'Urwah on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), al-Awza'i added : She (Ummul Momineen Aishahؓ ) said: Umm Habibah daughter of Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and wife of 'Abd al-Rahman bin Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had a prolonged flow of blood for seven years. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded her saying : When the menstruation begins, abandon prayer; when it is finished, take a bath and pray.

Imam Abu Dawud said : None of the disciples of az-Zuhri mentioned these words except al-Awza'i, from az-Zuhri.  It has been narrated by Amr bin al-Harith, al-Laith, Yunus, Ibn Abi Dhi'b, Ma'mar, Ibrahim bin Sa'd, Sulaiman bin Kathir, Ibn Ishaq and Sufyan bin 'Uyainah, they did not narrate these words.

Imam Abu Dawud said : These are the words of the version reported by Hisham bin Urwah from this father on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

Abu Dawud said : In this tradition Ibn Uyainah also added the words : He commanded her to abandon prayer during her menstrual period. This is a misunderstanding on the part of Ibn Uyainah. The version of this tradition narrated by Muhammad bin Amr from az-Zuhri has the addition similar to that made by al-Awza'i in his version.

 

 

It was reported from Muhammad Ibn Amr who said, Ibn Shihab narrated to me from Urwah bin az-Zubayr  from Fatimah bint Abu Hubaysh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that her blood kept flowing, so the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to her : When the blood of the menses comes, it is black blood which can be recognized; so when that comes, refrain from prayer; but when a different type of blood comes, perform ablution and pray, for it is (due to) a vein.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Ibn al-Muthanna narrates this tradition from his book on the authority of Ibn Adi in a similar way. Later on he transmitted it to us from his memory : Muhammad bin Amr reported to us from az-Zuhri from Urwah on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) who said : Fatimah bint Abu Hubaish (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) used to have blood flow continuously. He then reported the tradition conveying the same meaning.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Anas bin Sirin reported from Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the woman who has a prolonged flow of blood. He said : If she sees thick blood, she should not pray; if she finds herself purified even for a moment, she should take bath and pray.

Makhul said : Menses are not hidden from women. That blood is black and thick. When its (blackness and thickness) goes away and there appears yellowish-red blood, that is the flow of blood (from vein). She should wash and pray.

Imam Abu Dawud said : This tradition has been transmitted by Sa'id bin al-Musayyab through a different chain of narrators, saying : The woman who has a prolonged flow of blood should abandon prayer when the menstruation begins; when it is finished, she should wash and pray.

Sumayy and others have also reported it from Sa'id bin al-Musayyab. This version adds : She should refrain (from prayer) during her menstrual period.

Hammad bin Salamah has reported it similarly from Yahya bin Sa'id on the authority of Sa'id bin al-Musayyab.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Yunus has reported from Al-Hasan : When the bleeding of a menstruating woman extends (beyond the normal period), she should refrain (from prayer), after her menses are over, for one or two days. Now she becomes the woman who has a prolonged flow of blood.

Al-Taimi reported from Qatadah : If her menstrual period is prolonged by five days, she should pray. Al-Taimi said : I kept on reducing (the number of days) until I reached two days. He said : If the period extends by two days, they will be counted from the menstrual period. When Ibn Sirin was questioned about it, he said : Women have better knowledge of that.


Imran bin Talhah narrated from his mother, Hamnah bint Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that she said,  my menstruation was great in quantity and severe.  So I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) seeking his commandment.  I found him in the house of my sister, Ummul Momineen Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).  I said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I am a woman who menstruates in great quantity and it is severe, so what do you think about it? It has prevented me from praying and fasting.

He (the Prophet ﷺ) said: I suggest that you should use cotton, for it absorbs the blood. She replied : It is too copious for that. He said : Then take a cloth. She replied : It is too copious for that, for my blood keeps flowing. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : I shall give you two commands; whichever of them you follow, that will be sufficient for you without the other, but you know best whether you are strong enough to follow both of them.

He added : This is a stroke of the Devil, so observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash. And when you see that you are purified and quite clean, pray during twenty-three or twenty-four days and nights and fast, for that will be enough for you, and do so every month, just as women menstruate and are purified at the time of their menstruation and their purification.

But if you are strong enough to delay the noon (Zuhr) prayer and advance the afternoon (Asr) prayer, to wash, and then combine the noon and the afternoon prayer; to delay the sunset prayer and advance the night prayer, to wash, and then combine the two prayers, do so: and to wash at dawn, do so: and fast if you are able to do so. 

The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Of the two commands this is more to my liking.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Amr bin Thabit narrated from Ibn Aqil : Hamnah said : Of the two commands this is  one is more to my liking. In this version these words were not quoted as the statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); it gives it as a statement of Hamnah.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Amr bin Thabit was a Rafidi. This has been said by Yahya bin Ma'in.

Abu Dawud said : I heard Ahmad Ibn Hanbal say : I am doubtful about the tradition transmitted by Ibn Aqil.

 

 

 

RELATED READING

 

(i) Sunan Abu Dawood

(ii) Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 1.1

(iii) Sunan Abu Dawood Volume 1.3

(iv) Imam Abu Dawood (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

(v) Books of Ahadith

(vi) Translation and guides of books of Ahadith