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العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.6)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 118
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ عَطِيَّةَ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ أُمِرَ بِلاَلٌ أَنْ يَشْفَعَ، الأَذَانَ وَيُوتِرَ الإِقَامَةَ ‏.‏ زَادَ حَمَّادٌ فِي حَدِيثِهِ إِلاَّ الإِقَامَةَ ‏.‏

Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that  Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was commanded to pronounce Adhan in double pairs and Iqama in single pair.  Hammam added in his version; “except Iqama”.


حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ خَالِدٍ الْحَذَّاءِ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، مِثْلَ حَدِيثِ وُهَيْبٍ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِسْمَاعِيلُ فَحَدَّثْتُ بِهِ، أَيُّوبَ فَقَالَ إِلاَّ الإِقَامَةَ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the tradition like that of Wuhaib. Ismail said : I narrated this tradition to Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who said : “Except Iqama.”
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، سَمِعْتُ أَبَا جَعْفَرٍ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ مُسْلِمٍ أَبِي الْمُثَنَّى، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ إِنَّمَا كَانَ الأَذَانُ عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَرَّتَيْنِ مَرَّتَيْنِ وَالإِقَامَةُ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً غَيْرَ أَنَّهُ يَقُولُ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَإِذَا سَمِعْنَا الإِقَامَةَ تَوَضَّأْنَا ثُمَّ خَرَجْنَا إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ وَلَمْ أَسْمَعْ مِنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ غَيْرَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ ‏.‏ 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The words of Adhan were pronounced from the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) twice in pairs (i.e. four times) each, and the words of iqama were pronounced once in pairs (twice each), except that the phrase "The time for prayer has come" would be pronounced twice. When we heard Iqama, we would perform ablution, and go out for prayer. Shu'bah said : I did not hear Abu Ja'far narrating any other tradition except this one.

 

 
This tradition has been narrated by Abu Ja’far, the mu’adhdhin of ‘Uryan mosque (at Kufah), from Abu al-Muthanna, the mu’adh-dhin of masjid al-akbar (at kufah) on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). The rest of the tradition was transmitted in a like manner.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 122
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، قَالَ أَرَادَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الأَذَانِ أَشْيَاءَ لَمْ يَصْنَعْ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا قَالَ فَأُرِيَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ زَيْدٍ الأَذَانَ فِي الْمَنَامِ فَأَتَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخْبَرَهُ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَلْقِهِ عَلَى بِلاَلٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَلْقَاهُ عَلَيْهِ فَأَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ فَقَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ أَنَا رَأَيْتُهُ وَأَنَا كُنْتُ أُرِيدُهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَأَقِمْ أَنْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Narrated Abdullah ibn Zayd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) intended to do many things for calling (the people) to prayer, but he did not do any of them. Then Abdullah ibn Zayd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was taught in a dream how to pronounce the call to prayer. He came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and informed him. He said : Teach it to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He then taught him, and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) made a call to prayer. Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I saw it in a dream and I wished to pronounce it, but he (the Prophet ) said: You should pronounce Iqama.

 

 
This tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Abdullah bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said: My grandfather pronounced the Iqama.
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ غَانِمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ زِيَادٍ، - يَعْنِي الإِفْرِيقِيَّ - أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ زِيَادَ بْنَ نُعَيْمٍ الْحَضْرَمِيَّ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ زِيَادَ بْنَ الْحَارِثِ الصُّدَائِيَّ، قَالَ لَمَّا كَانَ أَوَّلُ أَذَانِ الصُّبْحِ أَمَرَنِي - يَعْنِي النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم - فَأَذَّنْتُ فَجَعَلْتُ أَقُولُ أُقِيمُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَجَعَلَ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى نَاحِيَةِ الْمَشْرِقِ إِلَى الْفَجْرِ فَيَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ حَتَّى إِذَا طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ نَزَلَ فَبَرَزَ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَىَّ وَقَدْ تَلاَحَقَ أَصْحَابُهُ - يَعْنِي فَتَوَضَّأَ - فَأَرَادَ بِلاَلٌ أَنْ يُقِيمَ فَقَالَ لَهُ نَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ أَخَا صُدَاءٍ هُوَ أَذَّنَ وَمَنْ أَذَّنَ فَهُوَ يُقِيمُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فَأَقَمْتُ ‏.‏ 

Ziyad Ibn al-Harith as-Suda'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Adhan for the dawn prayer was initially introduced, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  commanded me to call the Adhan and I did so. Then I began to ask : Should I say Iqama, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? But he began to look at the direction of the East, (waiting) for the break of dawn, and said : No.

When the dawn broke, he came down and performed ablution and he then turned to me. In the meantime his Companions joined him. Then Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) wanted to say the Iqama, but the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told to him: The man of Suda' has called the Adhan and he who calls the Adhan says the Iqamah.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 125
 
حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ النَّمَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْمُؤَذِّنُ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ مَدَى صَوْتِهِ وَيَشْهَدُ لَهُ كُلُّ رَطْبٍ وَيَابِسٍ وَشَاهِدُ الصَّلاَةِ يُكْتَبُ لَهُ خَمْسٌ وَعِشْرُونَ صَلاَةً وَيُكَفَّرُ عَنْهُ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: The mu'adh-dhin will receive forgiveness to the extent to which his voice reaches, and every moist and dry place will testify on his behalf; and he who attends (the congregation of) prayer will have twenty-five prayers recorded for him and will have expiation for sins committed between every two times of prayer.

 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا نُودِيَ بِالصَّلاَةِ أَدْبَرَ الشَّيْطَانُ وَلَهُ ضُرَاطٌ حَتَّى لاَ يَسْمَعَ التَّأْذِينَ فَإِذَا قُضِيَ النِّدَاءُ أَقْبَلَ حَتَّى إِذَا ثُوِّبَ بِالصَّلاَةِ أَدْبَرَ حَتَّى إِذَا قُضِيَ التَّثْوِيبُ أَقْبَلَ حَتَّى يَخْطِرَ بَيْنَ الْمَرْءِ وَنَفْسِهِ وَيَقُولَ اذْكُرْ كَذَا اذْكُرْ كَذَا لِمَا لَمْ يَكُنْ يَذْكُرُ حَتَّى يَضِلَّ الرَّجُلُ إِنْ يَدْرِي كَمْ صَلَّى ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when the call to prayer is made; the devil turns his back and breaks wind so as not to hear the call being made; but when the call is finished, he turns round. When the second call to prayer (Iqamah) is made, he turns his back, and when the second call is finished, he turns round and suggest notions in the mind of the man (at prayer) to distract his attention, saying : remember such and such, referring to something the man did not have in mind, with the result that he does not know how much he has prayed.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 127
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ رَجُلٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ الإِمَامُ ضَامِنٌ وَالْمُؤَذِّنُ مُؤْتَمَنٌ اللَّهُمَّ أَرْشِدِ الأَئِمَّةَ وَاغْفِرْ لِلْمُؤَذِّنِينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, the Imam is responsible and the mu'adh-dhin is trusted, O Allah, guide the Imams and forgive the mu'adh-dhins.

 

 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ نُمَيْرٍ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، قَالَ نُبِّئْتُ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، - قَالَ وَلاَ أُرَانِي إِلاَّ قَدْ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْهُ، - عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِثْلَهُ ‏.‏
 
This tradition has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who reported it in a similar manner from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) .
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 129

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَيُّوبَ، حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنِ امْرَأَةٍ، مِنْ بَنِي النَّجَّارِ قَالَتْ كَانَ بَيْتِي مِنْ أَطْوَلِ بَيْتٍ حَوْلَ الْمَسْجِدِ وَكَانَ بِلاَلٌ يُؤَذِّنُ عَلَيْهِ الْفَجْرَ فَيَأْتِي بِسَحَرٍ فَيَجْلِسُ عَلَى الْبَيْتِ يَنْظُرُ إِلَى الْفَجْرِ فَإِذَا رَآهُ تَمَطَّى ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَحْمَدُكَ وَأَسْتَعِينُكَ عَلَى قُرَيْشٍ أَنْ يُقِيمُوا دِينَكَ قَالَتْ ثُمَّ يُؤَذِّنُ قَالَتْ وَاللَّهِ مَا عَلِمْتُهُ كَانَ تَرَكَهَا لَيْلَةً وَاحِدَةً تَعْنِي هَذِهِ الْكَلِمَاتِ ‏.‏

Urwah ibn az-Zubayr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of a woman from Banu an-Najjar. She said : My house was the loftiest of all the houses around the Mosque (of the Prophet at Medina). Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to make a call to the morning prayer from it. He would come there before the break of dawn and wait for it. When he saw it, he would yawn and say : O Allah, I praise you and seek Your assistance for the Quraish so that they might establish Your religion. He then would make the call to prayer.  She said : By Allah, I do not know whether he ever left saying these words on any night.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 130

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا قَيْسٌ يَعْنِي ابْنَ الرَّبِيعِ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَنْبَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، جَمِيعًا عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ أَبِي جُحَيْفَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَكَّةَ وَهُوَ فِي قُبَّةٍ حَمْرَاءَ مِنْ أَدَمٍ فَخَرَجَ بِلاَلٌ فَأَذَّنَ فَكُنْتُ أَتَتَبَّعُ فَمَهُ هَا هُنَا وَهَا هُنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَعَلَيْهِ حُلَّةٌ حَمْرَاءُ بُرُودٌ يَمَانِيَةٌ قِطْرِيٌّ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ مُوسَى قَالَ رَأَيْتُ بِلاَلاً خَرَجَ إِلَى الأَبْطَحِ فَأَذَّنَ فَلَمَّا بَلَغَ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ ‏.‏ لَوَى عُنُقَهُ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالاً وَلَمْ يَسْتَدِرْ ثُمَّ دَخَلَ فَأَخْرَجَ الْعَنَزَةَ وَسَاقَ حَدِيثَهُ ‏.‏

Abu Juhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) at Makka; he was sitting in a tent made of leather. Then Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came out and called to prayer. I looked at his mouth following him this side and that side (right and left). Later the Apostle of Allah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came out clad in a red suit, i.e, wearing the sheets of the Yemen, of the Qatri design. The version narrated by Musa has the word; “I saw Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) going towards al-Abtah”.

He then made a call to prayer. When he reached the words  'come to prayer, come to salvation'. He turned his neck right and left, respectively; he did not turn himself (with his whole body). He then entered (his house) and came out with a lancet. The narrator then reported the rest of the tradition.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 131
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ زَيْدٍ الْعَمِّيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي إِيَاسٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يُرَدُّ الدُّعَاءُ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'the supplication made between the Adhan and the Iqamah is not rejected.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 132
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمُ النِّدَاءَ فَقُولُوا مِثْلَ مَا يَقُولُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Sa’id Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When you hear the Adhan, you should repeat the same words as the mu’adh-dhin pronounces.
 
 
Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: when you hear the mu'adh-dhin repeat what he says, invoke a blessing on me, for everyone who invoke one blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah. Then ask Allah to give me the wasilah, which is a rank in paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I may be the one. If anyone asks Allah that I be given the wasilah, he will be assured of my intercession.
 

حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ السَّرْحِ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ حُيَىٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، - يَعْنِي الْحُبُلِيَّ - عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ الْمُؤَذِّنِينَ يَفْضُلُونَنَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ قُلْ كَمَا يَقُولُونَ فَإِذَا انْتَهَيْتَ فَسَلْ تُعْطَهْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn al-'Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that a man said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the mu'adh-dhins excel us. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Say (the same words) as they say, and when you come to the end, make a supplication that will be granted to you.

 

Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : If anyone says when he hears the Muadh-dhin -  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا [And I testify that there is no god but Allah alone who has no partner and that Muhammad is His servant and Apostle, I am satisfied with Allah as lord, with Muhammad as Apostle and with Islam as religion], he will be forgiven.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُسْهِرٍ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا سَمِعَ الْمُؤَذِّنَ يَتَشَهَّدُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ وَأَنَا وَأَنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard the Muadd-dhin reciting the testimony, he would say : “And I too, and I too”.
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جَهْضَمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ غَزِيَّةَ، عَنْ خُبَيْبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ إِسَافٍ، عَنْ حَفْصِ بْنِ عَاصِمِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عُمَرَ بْنِ الْخَطَّابِ - رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ - أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا قَالَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ فَقَالَ أَحَدُكُمُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ فَإِذَا قَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏ فَإِذَا قَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ قَالَ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ قَالَ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ قَالَ لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ ثُمَّ قَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ قَالَ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ثُمَّ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ قَالَ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ مِنْ قَلْبِهِ دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Umar bin al-khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When the Muadd-dhin says : “Allah is most great, Allah is most great”, and one of you says in response : “Allah is most great”, Allah is most great; then says : “ I testify that there is no god but Allah”, and he says in response : “I testify that there is no god but Allah”, then say :” I testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah”, and he makes the response : “ I testify that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah”, then says : “Come to prayer”, and he makes the response : “There is no might and no power except in Allah”: then says : “ Allah is most great, Allah is most great”, and he makes the response : “Allah is most great”, then says : “There is no god but Allah”, if he says this from his heart, he enters Paradise.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 138
 
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْعَتَكِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، حَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ، مِنْ أَهْلِ الشَّامِ عَنْ شَهْرِ بْنِ حَوْشَبٍ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ، أَوْ عَنْ بَعْضِ، أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّ بِلاَلاً أَخَذَ فِي الإِقَامَةِ فَلَمَّا أَنْ قَالَ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ أَقَامَهَا اللَّهُ وَأَدَامَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ فِي سَائِرِ الإِقَامَةِ كَنَحْوِ حَدِيثِ عُمَرَ - رضى الله عنه - فِي الأَذَانِ ‏.‏

Narrated Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), or one of the Companion of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) began the Iqama, and when he said : "The time for prayer has come," the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "May Allah establish it and cause it to continue."

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 139

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبُ بْنُ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْمُنْكَدِرِ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ النِّدَاءَ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ إِلاَّ حَلَّتْ لَهُ الشَّفَاعَةُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : if anyone says when he hears the call to prayer -  اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ   [O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and of the prayer which is established for all time, grant Muhammad the wasilah and excellency, and raise him up in a praiseworthy position which You have promised],  he will be assured of my intercession.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 140
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُؤَمَّلُ بْنُ إِهَابٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْوَلِيدِ الْعَدَنِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا الْقَاسِمُ بْنُ مَعْنٍ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمَسْعُودِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، مَوْلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَتْ عَلَّمَنِي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ أَقُولَ عِنْدَ أَذَانِ الْمَغْرِبِ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا إِقْبَالُ لَيْلِكَ وَإِدْبَارُ نَهَارِكَ وَأَصْوَاتُ دُعَاتِكَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught her to say when the Adhan for the Maghrib prayer was called -  اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَذَا إِقْبَالُ لَيْلِكَ وَإِدْبَارُ نَهَارِكَ وَأَصْوَاتُ دُعَاتِكَ فَاغْفِرْ لِي  [O Allah, this is the time when Your night comes in and Your day retires, and the voices of Your summoners are heard, so forgive me.]

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 141

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا سَعِيدٌ الْجُرَيْرِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِي الْعَلاَءِ، عَنْ مُطَرِّفِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ أَبِي الْعَاصِ، قَالَ قُلْتُ وَقَالَ مُوسَى فِي مَوْضِعٍ آخَرَ إِنَّ عُثْمَانَ بْنَ أَبِي الْعَاصِ قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ اجْعَلْنِي إِمَامَ قَوْمِي ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَنْتَ إِمَامُهُمْ وَاقْتَدِ بِأَضْعَفِهِمْ وَاتَّخِذْ مُؤَذِّنًا لاَ يَأْخُذُ عَلَى أَذَانِهِ أَجْرًا ‏"‏ ‏

Uthman Ibn Abu Al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), appointed him the leader of his tribe in prayer. He said : You are their leader, but you should follow on who is the weakest of them and appoint a mu'adh-dhin who does not charge for the calling of Adhan.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 142
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، وَدَاوُدُ بْنُ شَبِيبٍ، - الْمَعْنَى - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ بِلاَلاً، أَذَّنَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الْفَجْرِ فَأَمَرَهُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنْ يَرْجِعَ فَيُنَادِيَ ‏ "‏ أَلاَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ قَدْ نَامَ أَلاَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ قَدْ نَامَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ زَادَ مُوسَى فَرَجَعَ فَنَادَى أَلاَ إِنَّ الْعَبْدَ نَامَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لَمْ يَرْوِهِ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ إِلاَّ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) made a call to prayer before the break of dawn; therefore, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)   commanded him to return and make another call saying : Verily the servant had slept.  The version of Musa has the addition: He returned and made a call : Verily the servant had slept.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has not been reported from Ayyub except by Hammad. 

 

حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ أَبِي رَوَّادٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا نَافِعٌ، عَنْ مُؤَذِّنٍ، لِعُمَرَ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَسْرُوحٌ أَذَّنَ قَبْلَ الصُّبْحِ فَأَمَرَهُ عُمَرُ فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَقَدْ رَوَاهُ حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ عَنْ نَافِعٍ أَوْ غَيْرِهِ أَنَّ مُؤَذِّنًا لِعُمَرَ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَسْرُوحٌ أَوْ غَيْرُهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَاهُ الدَّرَاوَرْدِيُّ عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ نَافِعٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ قَالَ كَانَ لِعُمَرَ مُؤَذِّنٌ يُقَالُ لَهُ مَسْعُودٌ وَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Nafi' reported that the Mu'adh-dhin of ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), named Masruh, called the Adhan for the morning prayer before the break of dawn; ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) commanded him (to repeat). The narrator reported the tradition in a similar way.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has been transmitted by al-Darawardi from ‘Ubaid Allah on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), saying: there was a Mu'adh-dhin of ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), named Mas’ud. He then narrated the rest of the tradition. This version is more correct than the previous version.  

 

حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ بُرْقَانَ، عَنْ شَدَّادٍ، مَوْلَى عِيَاضِ بْنِ عَامِرٍ عَنْ بِلاَلٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ لَهُ ‏ "‏ لاَ تُؤَذِّنْ حَتَّى يَسْتَبِينَ لَكَ الْفَجْرُ هَكَذَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَمَدَّ يَدَيْهِ عَرْضًا قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ شَدَّادٌ مَوْلَى عِيَاضٍ لَمْ يُدْرِكْ بِلاَلاً ‏.‏

Shaddad, the freed slave of Iyad bin Amir reported from Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : Do not call Adhan until the dawn appears clearly to you in this way, stretching his hand in latitude.

Imam Abu Dawud said: Shaddad did not see Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 145

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، وَسَعِيدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، أَنَّ ابْنَ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ، كَانَ مُؤَذِّنًا لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ أَعْمَى ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that  Ibn Umm Maktum () was the Mu'adh-dhin of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he was blind.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 146
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ الْمُهَاجِرِ، عَنْ أَبِي الشَّعْثَاءِ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ فِي الْمَسْجِدِ فَخَرَجَ رَجُلٌ حِينَ أَذَّنَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ لِلْعَصْرِ فَقَالَ أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ أَمَّا هَذَا فَقَدْ عَصَى أَبَا الْقَاسِمِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ ‏.‏

Abu al-Sha’tha said : we were sitting with Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in the mosque. A man went out of the mosque after the Adhan for the afternoon prayer had been called. Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : As regards to this (man), he disobeyed Abu al-Qasim, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 147
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا شَبَابَةُ، عَنْ إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ بِلاَلٌ يُؤَذِّنُ ثُمَّ يُمْهِلُ فَإِذَا رَأَى النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ خَرَجَ أَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would call the Adhan, then he would wait. When he would see that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had come out (of his house), he would pronounce the Iqama.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 148
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو يَحْيَى الْقَتَّاتُ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ ابْنِ عُمَرَ فَثَوَّبَ رَجُلٌ فِي الظُّهْرِ أَوِ الْعَصْرِ قَالَ اخْرُجْ بِنَا فَإِنَّ هَذِهِ بِدْعَةٌ ‏.‏

Mujahid reported : I was in the company of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). A person invited the people for the noon or afternoon prayer (after the Adhan had been called). Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Let us leave (from this mosque) because this is an innovation. 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 149

حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَمُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ، عَنْ يَحْيَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلاَ تَقُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَكَذَا رَوَاهُ أَيُّوبُ وَحَجَّاجٌ الصَّوَّافُ عَنْ يَحْيَى ‏.‏ وَهِشَامٌ الدَّسْتَوَائِيُّ قَالَ كَتَبَ إِلَىَّ يَحْيَى ‏.‏ وَرَوَاهُ مُعَاوِيَةُ بْنُ سَلاَّمٍ وَعَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ عَنْ يَحْيَى وَقَالاَ فِيهِ ‏"‏ حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of his father : the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, When the Iqamah for prayer is pronounced, do not stand until you see me.

Imam Abu Dawud said : this has been narrated by Ayyub and Hajjaj al-Sawwaf from Yahya and Hisham al-Duatawa’i in a similar way, saying : Yahya wrote to me (in this way). And this has been narrated by Mu’awiyah bin Sallam and ‘Ali bin al-Mubarak from Yahya : “Until you see me and show tranquility”.

 

حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى، عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى، بِإِسْنَادِهِ مِثْلَهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي قَدْ خَرَجْتُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ لَمْ يَذْكُرْ ‏"‏ قَدْ خَرَجْتُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ إِلاَّ مَعْمَرٌ ‏.‏ وَرَوَاهُ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنْ مَعْمَرٍ لَمْ يَقُلْ فِيهِ ‏"‏ قَدْ خَرَجْتُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

This tradition has also been reported through a different chain of narrators in a similar way. This version says : “Until you see me that I have come out”.

Imam Abu dawud said : No one except Ma’mar has narrated the words “that I have come out”. And the version transmitted by Ibn Uyaina from Ma’mar does not mention the words “that I have come out”.

 

 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : when the Iqama was pronounced for prayer during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the people would take their seats before the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to his seat.
 
 
 
Humaid reported : I asked Thabit al-Bunani whether it was permissible for a man to talk after the Iqama had been pronounced. He narrated a tradition on the authority of Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): (once) the Iqama was pronounced, and a person came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and detained him after the Iqama had been pronounced.
 
 
 
‘Awn bin Kahmas reported on the authority of his father Kahmas : we stood for praying at Mina when the Imam had not come out. Some of us sat down (and I too). An old man from Kufah said to me: Why did you sat down? I responded Ibn Buraida (told me to do so). He said this is laziness.  Then he said  Abdur Rahman bin Awsajah narrated to me that Al-Bara bin ‘Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We would stand in rows during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for a long time before he pronounced Takbir. He further said; Allah, the Exalted and Mighty, sends blessings and the angles invoke blessings for those who are nearer to the front rows. No step is more liking to Allah than a step which one takes to fill the gap in the following row.  
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 154
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَجِيٌّ فِي جَانِبِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَمَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى نَامَ الْقَوْمُ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that  the Iqama was pronounced (for the night prayer) and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) remained engaged in talking (to a person) in the corner of the mosque. He did not begin prayer until the people slept.
 
 
 
Abu al-Nadr reported that when the Iqama was pronounced and the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw that they (the people) were small in number, he would sit down and would not pray; but when he saw them (the people) large in number, he would pray.
 
 
 
This tradition has been transmitted through a different chain of narrators in a similar way by Ali b. Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 157
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا زَائِدَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا السَّائِبُ بْنُ حُبَيْشٍ، عَنْ مَعْدَانَ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ الْيَعْمُرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ ثَلاَثَةٍ فِي قَرْيَةٍ وَلاَ بَدْوٍ لاَ تُقَامُ فِيهِمُ الصَّلاَةُ إِلاَّ قَدِ اسْتَحْوَذَ عَلَيْهِمُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَعَلَيْكَ بِالْجَمَاعَةِ فَإِنَّمَا يَأْكُلُ الذِّئْبُ الْقَاصِيَةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ زَائِدَةُ قَالَ السَّائِبُ يَعْنِي بِالْجَمَاعَةِ الصَّلاَةَ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ ‏.‏

 Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : If there are three men in a village or in the desert among whom prayer is not offered (in congregation), the devil has got the mastery over them. So observe (prayer) in congregation), for the wolf eats only the straggling animal.  Sa'ib said : By the word Jama'a he meant praying in company or in congregation.

 

 
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ آمُرَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَتُقَامَ ثُمَّ آمُرَ رَجُلاً فَيُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ ثُمَّ أَنْطَلِقَ مَعِي بِرِجَالٍ مَعَهُمْ حُزَمٌ مِنْ حَطَبٍ إِلَى قَوْمٍ لاَ يَشْهَدُونَ الصَّلاَةَ فَأُحَرِّقَ عَلَيْهِمْ بُيُوتَهُمْ بِالنَّارِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : I thought to give orders for arranging prayer in congregation, and then to have the Iqama called for it, then to order a man to lead the people in prayer, then to go off in the company of the people who have bundles of firewood to those people who are not present at the prayer and then to burn down their houses with fire.
 

حَدَّثَنَا النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْمَلِيحِ، حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ، حَدَّثَنِي يَزِيدُ بْنُ الأَصَمِّ، سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَقَدْ هَمَمْتُ أَنْ آمُرَ فِتْيَتِي فَيَجْمَعُوا حُزَمًا مِنْ حَطَبٍ ثُمَّ آتِيَ قَوْمًا يُصَلُّونَ فِي بُيُوتِهِمْ لَيْسَتْ بِهِمْ عِلَّةٌ فَأُحَرِّقُهَا عَلَيْهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ لِيَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَصَمِّ يَا أَبَا عَوْفٍ الْجُمُعَةَ عَنَى أَوْ غَيْرَهَا قَالَ صُمَّتَا أُذُنَاىَ إِنْ لَمْ أَكُنْ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ يَأْثِرُهُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَا ذَكَرَ جُمُعَةً وَلاَ غَيْرَهَا ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : I thought about giving orders to some youths for gathering a bundle of firewood, then going off to some people who pray in their homes without any excuse, and burning down their houses over them.

I (Yazid bin Yazid) said : I asked Yazid bin al-Asamm : Abu Awf,  did he mean Friday (prayer) or any other? He replied : may my ears become deaf if I have not heard Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  narrating it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); He did not mention Friday (prayer) or any other.

 

 
حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ عَبَّادٍ الأَزْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنِ الْمَسْعُودِيِّ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ الأَقْمَرِ، عَنْ أَبِي الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ حَافِظُوا عَلَى هَؤُلاَءِ الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ حَيْثُ يُنَادَى بِهِنَّ فَإِنَّهُنَّ مِنْ سُنَنِ الْهُدَى وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَرَعَ لِنَبِيِّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سُنَنَ الْهُدَى وَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنَا وَمَا يَتَخَلَّفُ عَنْهَا إِلاَّ مُنَافِقٌ بَيِّنُ النِّفَاقِ وَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُنَا وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيُهَادَى بَيْنَ الرَّجُلَيْنِ حَتَّى يُقَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَمَا مِنْكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدٍ إِلاَّ وَلَهُ مَسْجِدٌ فِي بَيْتِهِ وَلَوْ صَلَّيْتُمْ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ وَتَرَكْتُمْ مَسَاجِدَكُمْ تَرَكْتُمْ سُنَّةَ نَبِيِّكُمْ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَلَوْ تَرَكْتُمْ سُنَّةَ نَبِيِّكُمْ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَكَفَرْتُمْ ‏.‏
 
Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Persevere in observing these five times of prayer where the announcement for them is made, because they are from the paths of right guidance. And Allah, the Mighty the Majestic, has laid down for his prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the paths of right guidance. I have seen the time when no one stayed away from prayer except a hypocrite whose hypocricy was well known. I witnessed the time when a man would be brought swaying between two men till he was set up in the row (of the prayer). Every one of us has a mosque of his in his house. If you were to pray in your houses and stay from your mosques. You would abandon the Sunnah (practice) of your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and if you were Abandon the Sunnah (Practice) of your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), you would become an unbeliever.
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ أَبِي جَنَابٍ، عَنْ مَغْرَاءٍ الْعَبْدِيِّ، عَنْ عَدِيِّ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ مَنْ سَمِعَ الْمُنَادِيَ فَلَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ مِنَ اتِّبَاعِهِ عُذْرٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَمَا الْعُذْرُ قَالَ خَوْفٌ أَوْ مَرَضٌ ‏"‏ لَمْ تُقْبَلْ مِنْهُ الصَّلاَةُ الَّتِي صَلَّى ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى عَنْ مَغْرَاءٍ أَبُو إِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏

 Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :  If anyone hears him who makes the call to prayer and is not prevented from joining the congregation by any excuse, he was asked what an excuse consisted of and replied that it was fear or illness, the prayer he offers will not be accepted from him.

 

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ بَهْدَلَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي رَزِينٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ ضَرِيرُ الْبَصَرِ شَاسِعُ الدَّارِ وَلِي قَائِدٌ لاَ يُلاَئِمُنِي فَهَلْ لِي رُخْصَةٌ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ فِي بَيْتِي قَالَ ‏"‏ هَلْ تَسْمَعُ النِّدَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَعَمْ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ أَجِدُ لَكَ رُخْصَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It is reported Abi Razin that Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I am a blind man, my house is far away (from the mosque), and I have a guide who does not follow me. Is it possible that permission be granted to me for praying  in my house? He asked : Do you hear summons (Adhan)? He said : Yes. He said : I do not find any permission for you.

 

حَدَّثَنَا هَارُونُ بْنُ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَبِي الزَّرْقَاءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَابِسٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ ابْنِ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ، قَالَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنَّ الْمَدِينَةَ كَثِيرَةُ الْهَوَامِّ وَالسِّبَاعِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَتَسْمَعُ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ فَحَىَّ هَلاَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَكَذَا رَوَاهُ الْقَاسِمُ الْجَرْمِيُّ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ لَيْسَ فِي حَدِيثِهِ ‏"‏ حَىَّ هَلاَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he said : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), there are many venomous creatures and wild beasts in Medina (so allow me to pray in my house because I am blind). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do you hear the call, "Come to prayer," "Come to salvation"? (He said: Yes.) Then you must come.

Abu Dawud said : Al-Qasim al-Jarmi has narrated this tradition from Sufyan in a similar manner. But his version does not contain the words "Then you must come."

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 164

Ubay bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that one day the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) asked in the Subh prayer : Is so and so present? They said : No. He (again) asked : Is so and so present? They replied : No. He then said : These two prayers (Fajr and Asr) are the ones which are most burdensome to hypocrites. If you knew what they contain (virtue), you would come to them, even though you had to crawl on your knees. The first row is like that of the angels, and if you knew the nature of its excellence, you would race to join it.

A man's prayer along with another is purer than his prayer alone, and his prayer with two men is purer than his prayer with one, but if there are more it is more pleasing to Allah, the Almighty, the Majestic.

 

‘Uthman bin ‘Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  as saying; if anyone says the night prayer in congregation, he is like one who keeps vigil (in prayer) till midnight; and he who says both the night and dawn prayer in congregation is like one who keeps vigil (in prayer) the whole night.


 

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The farther one is from the mosque , the greater will be one's reward.

 

Ubayy bin Ka’b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that there was a person, out of all people of Medina, who used to pray in the mosque. I do not know that any one of them lived at a farther distance than that man. Still he never missed the prayer in congregation in the mosque. I said : it would be better if you buy a donkey and ride it in heat and darkness. He said : I do not like that my house be by the side of the mosque. The discourse reached the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he told him : I did it so that my walking to the mosque and return to my home when I return be recorded. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Allah has granted all this to you; Allah has granted all that you reckoned.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو تَوْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْهَيْثَمُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي أُمَامَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ خَرَجَ مِنْ بَيْتِهِ مُتَطَهِّرًا إِلَى صَلاَةٍ مَكْتُوبَةٍ فَأَجْرُهُ كَأَجْرِ الْحَاجِّ الْمُحْرِمِ وَمَنْ خَرَجَ إِلَى تَسْبِيحِ الضُّحَى لاَ يُنْصِبُهُ إِلاَّ إِيَّاهُ فَأَجْرُهُ كَأَجْرِ الْمُعْتَمِرِ وَصَلاَةٌ عَلَى أَثَرِ صَلاَةٍ لاَ لَغْوَ بَيْنَهُمَا كِتَابٌ فِي عِلِّيِّينَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Umama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : If anyone goes out from his house after performing ablution for praying the prescribed prayer in congregation (in the mosque), his reward will be like that of one who goes for Hajj pilgrimage after wearing Ihram.

And he who goes out to say the mid-morning (duha) prayer, and takes the trouble for this purpose, will take the reward like that of a person who performs Umrah. And a prayer followed by a prayer with no worldly talk during the gap between them will be recorded in Illiyyun.


Abu Huraira  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Prayer by a man in congregation is twenty five degrees more excellent than prayer by him alone in his house or in the market. This is because when any of you performs ablution and does it perfectly and goes out to the mosque having no intention except praying, and nothing moves him except prayer, then at every step which he takes his rank is elevated by one degree on account of this (walking), and one sin is remitted from him for this (walking), till he enters the mosque. When he enters the mosque, he will be reckoned as praying as long as he will be detained by the prayer. The angels keep on invoking blessing on any of you so long as he remains seated in the place he prayer, saying : O Allah, forgive him; O Allah, have mercy on him; O Allah, accept his repentance so long as he does not harm anyone, or breaks his ablution.
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ الصَّلاَةُ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ تَعْدِلُ خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ صَلاَةً فَإِذَا صَلاَّهَا فِي فَلاَةٍ فَأَتَمَّ رُكُوعَهَا وَسُجُودَهَا بَلَغَتْ خَمْسِينَ صَلاَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ قَالَ عَبْدُ الْوَاحِدِ بْنُ زِيَادٍ فِي الْحَدِيثِ ‏"‏ صَلاَةُ الرَّجُلِ فِي الْفَلاَةِ تُضَاعَفُ عَلَى صَلاَتِهِ فِي الْجَمَاعَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَسَاقَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏ 

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Prayer in congregation is equivalent to twenty-five prayers (offered alone). If he prays in a jungle, and performs its bowing and prostrations perfectly, it becomes equivalent to fifty prayers (in respect of reward).

Imam Abu Dawud said, 'Abdul Walid bin Ziyad narrated in his version of this tradition : Prayer by a single person in a jungle is more excellent by multiplied degrees than prayer in congregation.

 
حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ مَعِينٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ الْحَدَّادُ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ أَبُو سُلَيْمَانَ الْكَحَّالُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، عَنْ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ بَشِّرِ الْمَشَّائِينَ فِي الظُّلَمِ إِلَى الْمَسَاجِدِ بِالنُّورِ التَّامِّ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Buraydah Ibn al-Hasib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Give good tidings to those who walk to the mosques in darkness for having a perfect light on the Day of Judgment.

 

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَنْبَارِيُّ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ الْمَلِكِ بْنَ عَمْرٍو، حَدَّثَهُمْ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي سَعْدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو ثُمَامَةَ الْحَنَّاطُ، أَنَّ كَعْبَ بْنَ عُجْرَةَ، أَدْرَكَهُ وَهُوَ يُرِيدُ الْمَسْجِدَ أَدْرَكَ أَحَدُهُمَا صَاحِبَهُ قَالَ فَوَجَدَنِي وَأَنَا مُشَبِّكٌ بِيَدَىَّ فَنَهَانِي عَنْ ذَلِكَ وَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ عَامِدًا إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَلاَ يُشَبِّكَنَّ يَدَيْهِ فَإِنَّهُ فِي صَلاَةٍ ‏ 

Abu Thumamah al-Hannat reported that Ka'b ibn Ujrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) met him while he was going to the mosque; one of the two (companions) met his companion (on his way to the mosque) and he met crossing the fingers of my both hands. He prohibited me to do so, and said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has said : If any of you performs ablution, and performs his ablution perfectly, and then goes out intending for the mosque, he should not cross the fingers of his hand because he is already in prayer.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 173
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مُعَاذِ بْنِ عَبَّادٍ الْعَنْبَرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ مَعْبَدِ بْنِ هُرْمُزَ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، قَالَ حَضَرَ رَجُلاً مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ الْمَوْتُ فَقَالَ إِنِّي مُحَدِّثُكُمْ حَدِيثًا مَا أُحَدِّثُكُمُوهُ إِلاَّ احْتِسَابًا سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا تَوَضَّأَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَأَحْسَنَ الْوُضُوءَ ثُمَّ خَرَجَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ لَمْ يَرْفَعْ قَدَمَهُ الْيُمْنَى إِلاَّ كَتَبَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ حَسَنَةً وَلَمْ يَضَعْ قَدَمَهُ الْيُسْرَى إِلاَّ حَطَّ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَةً فَلْيُقَرِّبْ أَحَدُكُمْ أَوْ لِيُبَعِّدْ فَإِنْ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ فَصَلَّى فِي جَمَاعَةٍ غُفِرَ لَهُ فَإِنْ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ وَقَدْ صَلَّوْا بَعْضًا وَبَقِيَ بَعْضٌ صَلَّى مَا أَدْرَكَ وَأَتَمَّ مَا بَقِيَ كَانَ كَذَلِكَ فَإِنْ أَتَى الْمَسْجِدَ وَقَدْ صَلَّوْا فَأَتَمَّ الصَّلاَةَ كَانَ كَذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that an Ansari was breathing his last. He said : I narrate to you a tradition, and I narrate it with the intention of getting a reward from Allah.  I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying: If any one of you performs ablution and performs it very well, and goes out for prayer, he does not take his right step but Allah records a good work (or blessing) for him, and he does not take his left step but Allah remits one sin from him. Any one of you may reside near the mosque or far from it; if he comes to the mosque and prays in congregation, he will be forgiven (by Allah).  If he comes to the mosque while the people had prayed in part, and the prayer remained in part, and he prays in congregation the part he joined, and completed the part he had missed, he will enjoy similarly (he will be forgiven). If he comes to the mosque when the people had finished prayer, he will (still) enjoy the same.

 

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ طَحْلاَءَ - عَنْ مُحْصِنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ عَوْفِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَوَضَّأَ فَأَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُ ثُمَّ رَاحَ فَوَجَدَ النَّاسَ قَدْ صَلَّوْا أَعْطَاهُ اللَّهُ جَلَّ وَعَزَّ مِثْلَ أَجْرِ مَنْ صَلاَّهَا وَحَضَرَهَا لاَ يَنْقُصُ ذَلِكَ مِنْ أَجْرِهِمْ شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : whoever performs ablution, and performs his ablution perfectly, and then goes to the mosque and finds that the people had finished the prayer (in congregation), Allah will give him a reward like one who prayed in congregation and attended it. The reward of those who prayed in congregation will not be curtailed.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 175
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ تَمْنَعُوا إِمَاءَ اللَّهِ مَسَاجِدَ اللَّهِ وَلَكِنْ لِيَخْرُجْنَ وَهُنَّ تَفِلاَتٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do not prevent the female servants of Allah from visiting the mosques of Allah, but they may go out (to the mosque neat and clean) without using any perfume.

 

 
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ تَمْنَعُوا إِمَاءَ اللَّهِ مَسَاجِدَ اللَّهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Do not prevent the female servants (your women) from visiting the mosques of Allah.
 

Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Do not prevent your women from visiting the mosque; but their houses are better for them (for praying).
 

 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Allow women to visit the mosque at night. A son of his (named Bilal) said, I swear by Allah, we shall certainly not allow them because they will defraud. I swear by Allah, we shall not allow them. He (Ibn Umar) abused him and became angry at him and said : I tell you that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Allow them; yet you say; we shall not allow them.
 
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 179
 

Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said,  if the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had seen what the women have invented, he would have prevented them from visiting the mosque (for praying), as the women of the children of the Israel were prevented. Yahya (the narrator) said; I asked Umrah; were the women of Israel prevented? She said: Yes.
 
 
Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying, ' it is more excellent for a woman to pray in her house than in her courtyard, and more excellent for her to pray in her private chamber than in her house'.
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَوْ تَرَكْنَا هَذَا الْبَابَ لِلنِّسَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ نَافِعٌ فَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ مِنْهُ ابْنُ عُمَرَ حَتَّى مَاتَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَنْ أَيُّوبَ عَنْ نَافِعٍ قَالَ قَالَ عُمَرُ وَهَذَا أَصَحُّ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : if we reserve this door for women (it would be better). Nafi' said : Ibn ‘Umar did not enter through it ( the door) till he died.

Imam Abu Dawud said, this tradition has been narrated though a different chain of transmitters by Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). And this is more correct.

 

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 182

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ صَالِحٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَنْبَسَةُ، أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي سَعِيدُ بْنُ الْمُسَيَّبِ، وَأَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَنَّ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ إِذَا أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلاَ تَأْتُوهَا تَسْعَوْنَ وَأْتُوهَا تَمْشُونَ وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ فَمَا أَدْرَكْتُمْ فَصَلُّوا وَمَا فَاتَكُمْ فَأَتِمُّوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ كَذَا قَالَ الزُّبَيْدِيُّ وَابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ وَمَعْمَرٌ وَشُعَيْبُ بْنُ أَبِي حَمْزَةَ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ ‏"‏ وَمَا فَاتَكُمْ فَأَتِمُّوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ابْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ وَحْدَهُ ‏"‏ فَاقْضُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَمْرٍو عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَجَعْفَرُ بْنُ رَبِيعَةَ عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏"‏ فَأَتِمُّوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَأَبُو قَتَادَةَ وَأَنَسٌ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كُلُّهُمْ قَالُوا ‏"‏ فَأَتِمُّوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : When the Iqama is pronounced for prayer, do not come to it running, but come walking (slowly). You should observe tranquility. The part of the prayer you get (along with the Imam) offer it, and the part you miss complete it (afterwards).

Imam Abu Dawud said, the version narrated by al-Zubaidi, Ibn Abi Dhi’b, Ibrahim bin Sa’d, Ma’mar, Shu’aib bin Abi Hamzah on the authority of az-Zuhri has the words : “the part you miss then complete it”. Ibn ‘Uyainah alone narrated from az-Zuhri the words “then offer it afterwards”. And Muhammad bin ‘Amr narrated from Abu Salamah on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Ja’far b. Rabi’ah narrated from al-A’raj on the authority of Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the words “then complete it”. And Ibn Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Abu Qatada and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) reported from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the words 'then complete it'.

 

حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ ائْتُوا الصَّلاَةَ وَعَلَيْكُمُ السَّكِينَةُ فَصَلُّوا مَا أَدْرَكْتُمْ وَاقْضُوا مَا سَبَقَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَكَذَا قَالَ ابْنُ سِيرِينَ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ‏"‏ وَلْيَقْضِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَكَذَا أَبُو رَافِعٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ وَأَبُو ذَرٍّ رُوِيَ عَنْهُ ‏"‏ فَأَتِمُّوا وَاقْضُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَاخْتُلِفَ عَنْهُ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Come to prayer with calmness and tranquility. Then pray the part you get (long with the imam) and complete afterwards the part you miss.

Imam Abu Dawud said : Ibn Sirin narrated from Abu Huraira () the words: "he should complete it afterwards." Similarly, Abu Rafi' narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from him the words "then complete it, and complete it afterwards." There is a variation of words in the narration from him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 184
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا وُهَيْبٌ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ أَبِي الْمُتَوَكِّلِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَبْصَرَ رَجُلاً يُصَلِّي وَحْدَهُ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ أَلاَ رَجُلٌ يَتَصَدَّقُ عَلَى هَذَا فَيُصَلِّيَ مَعَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw a person praying alone. He said : Is there any man who may do good with this (man) and pray along with him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 185

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، أَخْبَرَنِي يَعْلَى بْنُ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِأَنَّهُ صَلَّى مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ غُلاَمٌ شَابٌّ فَلَمَّا صَلَّى إِذَا رَجُلاَنِ لَمْ يُصَلِّيَا فِي نَاحِيَةِ الْمَسْجِدِ فَدَعَا بِهِمَا فَجِيءَ بِهِمَا تُرْعَدُ فَرَائِصُهُمَا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ مَا مَنَعَكُمَا أَنْ تُصَلِّيَا مَعَنَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالاَ قَدْ صَلَّيْنَا فِي رِحَالِنَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لاَ تَفْعَلُوا إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ فِي رَحْلِهِ ثُمَّ أَدْرَكَ الإِمَامَ وَلَمْ يُصَلِّ فَلْيُصَلِّ مَعَهُ فَإِنَّهَا لَهُ نَافِلَةٌ ‏"‏ ‏

Yazid ibn al-Aswad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he prayed along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he was a young boy. When he (the Prophet ) had prayed there were two persons (sitting) in the corner of the mosque; they did not pray (along with the Prophet ). He called for them. They were brought trembling (before him). He asked : What prevented you from praying along with us? They replied : We have already prayed in our houses. He said : Do not do so. If any of you prays in his house and finds that the imam has not prayed, he should pray along with him; and that will be a supererogatory prayer for him.

 

 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 186
 
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ عَطَاءٍ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الصُّبْحَ بِمِنًى بِمَعْنَاهُ ‏.‏
 
Jabir bin Yazid reported on the authority of his father who said : I prayed Fajr  along with the prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  at Mina. He narrated the rest of the tradition to the same effect.
 
 

حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، حَدَّثَنَا مَعْنُ بْنُ عِيسَى، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ، عَنْ نُوحِ بْنِ صَعْصَعَةَ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ عَامِرٍ، قَالَ جِئْتُ وَالنَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الصَّلاَةِ فَجَلَسْتُ وَلَمْ أَدْخُلْ مَعَهُمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ - قَالَ - فَانْصَرَفَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَرَأَى يَزِيدَ جَالِسًا فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَلَمْ تُسْلِمْ يَا يَزِيدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ بَلَى يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَدْ أَسْلَمْتُ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ فَمَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تَدْخُلَ مَعَ النَّاسِ فِي صَلاَتِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ قَدْ صَلَّيْتُ فِي مَنْزِلِي وَأَنَا أَحْسِبُ أَنْ قَدْ صَلَّيْتُمْ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا جِئْتَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَوَجَدْتَ النَّاسَ فَصَلِّ مَعَهُمْ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ تَكُنْ لَكَ نَافِلَةً وَهَذِهِ مَكْتُوبَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Yazid Ibn Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that he came while the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was praying. I sat down and did not pray along with them. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) turned towards us and saw that Yazid was sitting there. He said : Did you not embrace Islam, Yazid? He replied : Why not, Aapostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); I have embraced Islam. He said : What prevented you from praying along with the people? He replied : I have already prayed in my house, and I thought that you had prayed (in congregation). He said : When you come to pray (in the mosque) and find the people praying, then you should pray along with them, though you have already prayed. This will be a supererogatory prayer for you and that will be counted as obligatory.

 

It is reported that a man from Banu Asad bin Khuzaimah asked Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : if one of us prays in his house, then comes to the mosque and finds that the Iqama is being called, and if I pray along with them (in congregation), I feel something inside about it. Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) replied : We asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about it. He said : That is a share from the spoils received by the warriors (he will receive double the reward of the prayer).