CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.8)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 241
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الْوَلِيدِ الطَّيَالِسِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زَائِدَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي حَصِينٍ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، رضى الله عنها أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلَّى فِي ثَوْبٍ وَاحِدٍ بَعْضُهُ عَلَىَّ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed in a single (piece of) cloth whose one part was upon me.

 

CHAPTER (82)

باب فِي الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي فِي قَمِيصٍ وَاحِدٍ

A man praying in a Qamis only
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ مُحَمَّدٍ - عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ سَلَمَةَ بْنِ الأَكْوَعِ، قَالَ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ أَصِيدُ أَفَأُصَلِّي فِي الْقَمِيصِ الْوَاحِدِ قَالَ ‏ "‏ نَعَمْ وَازْرُرْهُ وَلَوْ بِشَوْكَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Salamah ibn al-Akwa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he said O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I am a man who goes out hunting; may I pray in a single shirt? He replied : Yes, but fasten it even if it should be with a thorn.


 
Abdur Rahman bin Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported on the authority of his father that  Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led us in prayer in a single shirt, having no sheet upon him. When he finished the prayer he said : I witnessed the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying in a shirt.
 
 

CHAPTER (83)

باب إِذَا كَانَ الثَّوْبُ ضَيِّقًا يَتَّزِرُ بِهِ

If the Qamis is tight, he should wrap itaround his lower body
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 244
 
حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، وَسُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، وَيَحْيَى بْنُ الْفَضْلِ السِّجِسْتَانِيُّ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا حَاتِمٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ إِسْمَاعِيلَ - حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ مُجَاهِدٍ أَبُو حَزْرَةَ، عَنْ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، قَالَ أَتَيْنَا جَابِرًا - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ - قَالَ سِرْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي غَزْوَةٍ فَقَامَ يُصَلِّي وَكَانَتْ عَلَىَّ بُرْدَةٌ ذَهَبْتُ أُخَالِفُ بَيْنَ طَرَفَيْهَا فَلَمْ تَبْلُغْ لِي وَكَانَتْ لَهَا ذَبَاذِبُ فَنَكَسْتُهَا ثُمَّ خَالَفْتُ بَيْنَ طَرَفَيْهَا ثُمَّ تَوَاقَصْتُ عَلَيْهَا لاَ تَسْقُطُ ثُمَّ جِئْتُ حَتَّى قُمْتُ عَنْ يَسَارِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَأَدَارَنِي حَتَّى أَقَامَنِي عَنْ يَمِينِهِ فَجَاءَ ابْنُ صَخْرٍ حَتَّى قَامَ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَأَخَذَنَا بِيَدَيْهِ جَمِيعًا حَتَّى أَقَامَنَا خَلْفَهُ قَالَ وَجَعَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَرْمُقُنِي وَأَنَا لاَ أَشْعُرُ ثُمَّ فَطِنْتُ بِهِ فَأَشَارَ إِلَىَّ أَنْ أَتَّزِرَ بِهَا فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ يَا جَابِرُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَبَّيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا كَانَ وَاسِعًا فَخَالِفْ بَيْنَ طَرَفَيْهِ وَإِذَا كَانَ ضَيِّقًا فَاشْدُدْهُ عَلَى حِقْوِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ubadah bin al-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : we came to Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said : I accompanied the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in a battle. He got up to pray. I had a sheet of cloth upon me, and I began to cross both the ends, but they did not reach (my shoulders). It had fringes which I turned over and crossed the two ends, and bowed down retaining it with my neck lest it should fall down. Then I came and stood on the left side of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He then took and brought me around him and set me on his right side. Then Ibn Sakhr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came and stood on his left side. he then took us with his both hands and made us stand behind him. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began to look at me furtive glances, but I could not understand. When I understood, he hinted at me tie the wrapper. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished the prayer, he said (to me): O Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) I said, Yes, Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He said, if it (the sheet) is wide, cross both its ends (over the shoulders); if it is tight, tie it over your loins.
 
 

CHAPTER (84)

باب مَنْ قَالَ يَتَّزِرُ بِهِ إِذَا كَانَ ضَيِّقًا

Letting one's garment hanging down in the prayer
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 245
 
حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْ قَالَ قَالَ عُمَرُ رضى الله عنه ‏ "‏ إِذَا كَانَ لأَحَدِكُمْ ثَوْبَانِ فَلْيُصَلِّ فِيهِمَا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ إِلاَّ ثَوْبٌ وَاحِدٌ فَلْيَتَّزِرْ بِهِ وَلاَ يَشْتَمِلِ اشْتِمَالَ الْيَهُودِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying, or reported Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as saying (the narrator is doubtful) : if one of you has two (piece of) cloth, he should pray in them; if he has a single (piece of) cloth, he should use it as a wrapper, and should not hang it upon the shoulder like the Jews.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 246

Burayda ibn al-Hasib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prohibited us to pray in a sheet of cloth without crossing both its ends, and he also prohibited us to pray in a wrapper without putting on a sheet.

 

CHAPTER (85)

باب الإِسْبَالِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

Lowering one's dress beyond ankles (out of pride) in  prayer  
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 247
 
حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ أَخْزَمَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَسْبَلَ إِزَارَهُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ خُيَلاَءَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي حِلٍّ وَلاَ حَرَامٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى هَذَا جَمَاعَةٌ عَنْ عَاصِمٍ مَوْقُوفًا عَلَى ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ مِنْهُمْ حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ وَحَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ وَأَبُو الأَحْوَصِ وَأَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ ‏.‏

Abdullah Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : He who lets his garment trail during prayer out of pride, Allah, the Almighty, has nothing to do with pardoning him and protecting him from Hell.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 248
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  narrated that when a man was praying letting his lower garment trail, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told him : Go and perform ablution. He, therefore, went and performed ablution and then returned. He (the Prophet ) again said : Go and perform ablution. He again went, performed ablution and returned. A man said to him (the Prophet ) : Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), why did you order him to perform ablution? He said : he was praying with lower garment trailing, and Allah does not accept the prayer of a man who lets his lower garment trail.
 
 

CHAPTER (86)

باب فِي كَمْ تُصَلِّي الْمَرْأَةُ

How many garments should a woman pray in  
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 249
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زَيْدِ بْنِ قُنْفُذٍ، عَنْ أُمِّهِ، أَنَّهَا سَأَلَتْ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ مَاذَا تُصَلِّي فِيهِ الْمَرْأَةُ مِنَ الثِّيَابِ فَقَالَتْ تُصَلِّي فِي الْخِمَارِ وَالدِّرْعِ السَّابِغِ الَّذِي يُغَيِّبُ ظُهُورَ قَدَمَيْهَا ‏.‏
 
Zaid bin Qunfud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that his mother asked Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) : In how many clothes should a woman pray? She replied; she would pray wearing a veil and a long shirt which covers the surface of her feet.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُجَاهِدُ بْنُ مُوسَى، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ دِينَارٍ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ قَالَ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّهَا سَأَلَتِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتُصَلِّي الْمَرْأَةُ فِي دِرْعٍ وَخِمَارٍ لَيْسَ عَلَيْهَا إِزَارٌ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا كَانَ الدِّرْعُ سَابِغًا يُغَطِّي ظُهُورَ قَدَمَيْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ مَالِكُ بْنُ أَنَسٍ وَبَكْرُ بْنُ مُضَرَ وَحَفْصُ بْنُ غِيَاثٍ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ جَعْفَرٍ وَابْنُ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ وَابْنُ إِسْحَاقَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَنْ أُمِّهِ عَنْ أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ لَمْ يَذْكُرْ أَحَدٌ مِنْهُمُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَصَرُوا بِهِ عَلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ رضى الله عنها ‏.‏
 
Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said that she asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Can a woman pray in a shirt and veil without wearing a lower garment? He replied : if the shirt is ample and covers the surface of her feet.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has been transmitted by Malik bin Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), Bakr bin Mudar, Hafs bin Ghiyaht, Isma'il bin Ja'far, Ibn Abu Dhi'b and Ibn Ishaq from Muhammad bin Zaid on the authority of his mother who narrated from Ummul Momineen Umm Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). None of these narrators mention the name of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). They reported it directly from Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا).

 

CHAPTER (87)

باب الْمَرْأَةِ تُصَلِّي بِغَيْرِ خِمَارٍ

A woman praying without a Khimar
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 251
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مِنْهَالٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ صَفِيَّةَ بِنْتِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ يَقْبَلُ اللَّهُ صَلاَةَ حَائِضٍ إِلاَّ بِخِمَارٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ سَعِيدٌ - يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ - عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنِ الْحَسَنِ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil.

Imam Abu Dawud said this tradition has been narrated by Sa'id bin Abi 'Arubah from Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the authority of al-Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 252

Muhammad said : Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) came to Safiyyah Umm Talha al-Talhat (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) and seeing her daughter she said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered (into the house) and there was a girl in my apartment. He gave his lower garment (wrapper) to me and said, tear it into two pieces and give one-half to this (girl) and the other half to the girl with Ummul Momineen Umm Salama (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). I think she has reached puberty, or (he said) I think they have reached puberty.

Imam Abu Dawud said, Hisham has narrated it similarly from Muhammad bin Sirin.

 

CHAPTER (88)

باب مَا جَاءَ فِي السَّدْلِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

What about letting the garment hang down to touch the ground  in prayer  
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 253

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنِ ابْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ بْنِ ذَكْوَانَ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَحْوَلِ، عَنْ عَطَاءٍ، - قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ - عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ السَّدْلِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَأَنْ يُغَطِّيَ الرَّجُلُ فَاهُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ عِسْلٌ عَنْ عَطَاءٍ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى عَنِ السَّدْلِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade trailing garments during prayer and that a man should cover his mouth.

Imam Abu Dawud said, this tradition has also been narrated by 'Isil on the authority of 'Ata' from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade trailing garments during prayer.

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عِيسَى بْنِ الطَّبَّاعِ، حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، قَالَ أَكْثَرُ مَا رَأَيْتُ عَطَاءً يُصَلِّي سَادِلاً ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا يُضَعِّفُ ذَلِكَ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏ 

Ibn Juraij said : I often saw ‘Ata praying while letting his garment trail.

Imam Abu Dawud said, this (practice of Ata) weakens the tradition (narrated by Abu Huraira ).

 

CHAPTER (89)

باب الصَّلاَةِ فِي شُعُرِ النِّسَاءِ

Praying in women garments
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 255

 حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا الأَشْعَثُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سِيرِينَ - عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ شَقِيقٍ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لاَ يُصَلِّي فِي شُعُرِنَا أَوْ لُحُفِنَا ‏.‏ قَالَ عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ شَكَّ أَبِي ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would not pray on our sheets of cloth or on our quits. ‘Ubaidullah said : My father doubted.
 
 

CHAPTER (90)

باب الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي عَاقِصًا شَعْرَهُ
A person praying with his hair fastened (at the back of his head)
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 256
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ أَبِي عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، حَدَّثَنِي عِمْرَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْمَقْبُرِيِّ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ رَأَى أَبَا رَافِعٍ مَوْلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَرَّ بِحَسَنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ عَلَيْهِمَا السَّلاَمُ وَهُوَ يُصَلِّي قَائِمًا وَقَدْ غَرَزَ ضُفُرَهُ فِي قَفَاهُ فَحَلَّهَا أَبُو رَافِعٍ فَالْتَفَتَ حَسَنٌ إِلَيْهِ مُغْضَبًا فَقَالَ أَبُو رَافِعٍ أَقْبِلْ عَلَى صَلاَتِكَ وَلاَ تَغْضَبْ فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ ذَلِكَ كِفْلُ الشَّيْطَانِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ يَعْنِي مَقْعَدَ الشَّيْطَانِ يَعْنِي مَغْرِزَ ضُفُرِهِ ‏.‏

Sa'id ibn Abu Sa'id al-Maqburi reported on the authority of his father that he saw Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the freed slave of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), passing by Hasan ibn Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when he was standing offering his prayer. He had tied the back knot of his hair. Abu Rafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) untied it. Imam Hasan () turned to him with anger, Abu Rafi () said to him : Concentrate on your prayer and do not be angry : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : This is the seat of the devil, referring to the back knot of the hair.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 257

Kurayb the freed slave of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saw Abdullah Ibn al-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) praying having the back knot of the hair. He stood behind him and began to untie it. He remained standing unmoved (stationary). When he finished his prayer he came to Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said to him: What were you doing with my head? He said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : A man who prays with the black knot of hair tied is the one praying pinioned.

 

CHAPTER (91)

باب الصَّلاَةِ فِي النَّعْلِ
Praying in sandals
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 258

حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، حَدَّثَنِي مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبَّادِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي يَوْمَ الْفَتْحِ وَوَضَعَ نَعْلَيْهِ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn As-Sa'ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pinion praying on the day of the conquest of Makka and he had placed his shoe at his left side.

 

Abdullah bin al-Sa’ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pinioned led us in the morning prayer at Makka. He began to recite Surah al-Momineen and while he came to description of Moses and Aaron (عليهم السلام) or the description of Moses and Jesus (عليهم السلام) the narrator Ibn Abbad doubts or other narrators differed among themselves on this word the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) coughed and gave up (recitation) and then bowed.  Abdullah  bin al-Sa’ib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was present seeing all this incident.
 

حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي نَعَامَةَ السَّعْدِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ بَيْنَمَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي بِأَصْحَابِهِ إِذْ خَلَعَ نَعْلَيْهِ فَوَضَعَهُمَا عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ الْقَوْمُ أَلْقَوْا نِعَالَهُمْ فَلَمَّا قَضَى رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم صَلاَتَهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ مَا حَمَلَكُمْ عَلَى إِلْقَائِكُمْ نِعَالَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا رَأَيْنَاكَ أَلْقَيْتَ نَعْلَيْكَ فَأَلْقَيْنَا نِعَالَنَا ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ إِنَّ جِبْرِيلَ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتَانِي فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ فِيهِمَا قَذَرًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَلْيَنْظُرْ فَإِنْ رَأَى فِي نَعْلَيْهِ قَذَرًا أَوْ أَذًى فَلْيَمْسَحْهُ وَلْيُصَلِّ فِيهِمَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ 

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that while the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was leading his Companions in prayer, he took off his sandals and laid them on his left side; so when the people saw this, they removed their sandals. When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he asked : What made you remove your sandals? They replied : We saw you remove your sandals, so we removed our sandals.

The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) then said : Gabriel (عليه السلام) came to me and informed me that there was filth in them. When any of you comes to the mosque, he should see, if he finds filth on his sandals, he should wipe it off and pray in them.

 

This tradition has also been transmitted through a chain by Bakr bin Abdullah. This version has the word Khubuth (filth) and in two places the word Khubuthan (filth).

 
حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مَرْوَانُ بْنُ مُعَاوِيَةَ الْفَزَارِيُّ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ الرَّمْلِيِّ، عَنْ يَعْلَى بْنِ شَدَّادِ بْنِ أَوْسٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ خَالِفُوا الْيَهُودَ فَإِنَّهُمْ لاَ يُصَلُّونَ فِي نِعَالِهِمْ وَلاَ خِفَافِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Aws ibn Thabit al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Act differently from the Jews, for they do not pray in their sandals or their shoes.


حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ حُسَيْنٍ الْمُعَلِّمِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي حَافِيًا وَمُنْتَعِلاً ‏.‏ 

Abdullah Ibn Amr ibn al-Aas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying both barefooted and wearing sandals.

 

CHAPTER (92)

باب الْمُصَلِّي إِذَا خَلَعَ نَعْلَيْهِ أَيْنَ يَضَعُهُمَا
If a person takes off his sandals for prayer, where should he place them
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 264
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا صَالِحُ بْنُ رُسْتُمَ أَبُو عَامِرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ قَيْسٍ، عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ مَاهَكَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ فَلاَ يَضَعْ نَعْلَيْهِ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَلاَ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ فَتَكُونَ عَنْ يَمِينِ غَيْرِهِ إِلاَّ أَنْ لاَ يَكُونَ عَنْ يَسَارِهِ أَحَدٌ وَلْيَضَعْهُمَا بَيْنَ رِجْلَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When any of you prays, he should not place his sandals on his right side or on his left so as to be on the right side of someone else, unless no one is at his left, but should place them between his feet.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 265
 
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : when any of you prays and takes off his sandals, he should not harm anyone by them. He should place them between his feet or pray with them on.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (93)

باب الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الْخُمْرَةِ
Praying on a small mat
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 266
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَوْنٍ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ، عَنِ الشَّيْبَانِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ شَدَّادٍ، حَدَّثَتْنِي مَيْمُونَةُ بِنْتُ الْحَارِثِ، قَالَتْ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي وَأَنَا حِذَاءَهُ وَأَنَا حَائِضٌ وَرُبَّمَا أَصَابَنِي ثَوْبُهُ إِذَا سَجَدَ وَكَانَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى الْخُمْرَةِ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Maimuna bint al-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray while I was by his side in the state of menstruation. Sometime his cloth would touch me when he prostrated. He would pray on a small mat.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (94)

باب الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى الْحَصِيرِ
Praying on a large mat
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 267
 
حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ سِيرِينَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ مِنَ الأَنْصَارِ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي رَجُلٌ ضَخْمٌ - وَكَانَ ضَخْمًا - لاَ أَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ أُصَلِّيَ مَعَكَ - وَصَنَعَ لَهُ طَعَامًا وَدَعَاهُ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ - فَصَلِّ حَتَّى أَرَاكَ كَيْفَ تُصَلِّي فَأَقْتَدِيَ بِكَ ‏.‏ فَنَضَحُوا لَهُ طَرَفَ حَصِيرٍ كَانَ لَهُمْ فَقَامَ فَصَلَّى رَكْعَتَيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ فُلاَنُ بْنُ الْجَارُودِ لأَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ أَكَانَ يُصَلِّي الضُّحَى قَالَ لَمْ أَرَهُ صَلَّى إِلاَّ يَوْمَئِذٍ ‏.‏
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that a man from the Ansar said : I am a corpulent man, and he was (actually) a fat man; I cannot pray along with you. He prepared food for him and invited him to his house. (he said) (please) pray (here) so that I may see how you pray, and then I would follow you. They (the people) washed one side of their mat. He (the Prophet ) then got up and prayed two Rak’a. Ibn al-Jarud asked Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : would he (the Prophet ) say the forenoon prayer? He replied : I did not see him offering this prayer except that day.
 
 
 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to visit Umm Sulaim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). Sometimes the time for prayer would come and he would pray on out carpet that was really a mat. She (Umm Sulaim -  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) used to wash it with water.

 

حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عُمَرَ بْنِ مَيْسَرَةَ، وَعُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، - بِمَعْنَى الإِسْنَادِ وَالْحَدِيثِ - قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أَحْمَدَ الزُّبَيْرِيُّ، عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، عَنْ أَبِي عَوْنٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي عَلَى الْحَصِيرِ وَالْفَرْوَةِ الْمَدْبُوغَةِ ‏.‏

Al-Mughirah ibn Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray on a mat and on a tanned skin.

 

CHAPTER (95)

باب الرَّجُلِ يَسْجُدُ عَلَى ثَوْبِهِ
A person prostrating on his garment
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 270

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ الْمُفَضَّلِ - حَدَّثَنَا غَالِبٌ الْقَطَّانُ، عَنْ بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا نُصَلِّي مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي شِدَّةِ الْحَرِّ فَإِذَا لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ أَحَدُنَا أَنْ يُمَكِّنَ وَجْهَهُ مِنَ الأَرْضِ بَسَطَ ثَوْبَهُ فَسَجَدَ عَلَيْهِ ‏.‏

Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We used to pray along with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  in intense heat. When any of us could not rest his face on bare ground while prostrating due to intense heat he spread his cloth and would prostrate on it.
 
 

CHAPTER (96)

باب تَسْوِيَةِ الصُّفُوفِ
Straitening the rows
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 271
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ النُّفَيْلِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا زُهَيْرٌ، قَالَ سَأَلْتُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَعْمَشَ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، فِي الصُّفُوفِ الْمُقَدَّمَةِ فَحَدَّثَنَا عَنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، عَنْ تَمِيمِ بْنِ طَرْفَةَ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ أَلاَ تَصُفُّونَ كَمَا تَصُفُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ جَلَّ وَعَزَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قُلْنَا وَكَيْفَ تَصُفُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ قَالَ ‏"‏ يُتِمُّونَ الصُّفُوفَ الْمُقَدَّمَةَ وَيَتَرَاصُّونَ فِي الصَّفِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Jabir bin Samura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Why do you stand in rows as the angels do in the presence of their Lord? We asked : how do the angles stand in rows in the presence of their Lord? He replied : they make the first row complete and keep close together in the row.
 
 
 
 Nu’man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) paid attention to the people and said three times; straighten your rows (in prayer); by Allah, you must straighten your rows, or Allah will certainly put your faces in contrary directions. I then saw that every person stood in prayer keeping his shoulder close to that of the other, and his knee close to that of the other, and his ankle close to that of the other.
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادٌ، عَنْ سِمَاكِ بْنِ حَرْبٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ، يَقُولُ كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسَوِّينَا فِي الصُّفُوفِ كَمَا يُقَوَّمُ الْقِدْحُ حَتَّى إِذَا ظَنَّ أَنْ قَدْ أَخَذْنَا ذَلِكَ عَنْهُ وَفَقِهْنَا أَقْبَلَ ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ بِوَجْهِهِ إِذَا رَجُلٌ مُنْتَبِذٌ بِصَدْرِهِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ لَتُسَوُّنَّ صُفُوفَكُمْ أَوْ لَيُخَالِفَنَّ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ وُجُوهِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Nu’man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to straighten us in the rows of prayer as the arrow is straightened, until he thought that we had learned it from him and understood it. One day he turned towards us, and shoulders in order, and say; do not be irregular. And he would say : Allah and his Angels bless those who near the first rows.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 274

Al-Bara' Ibn Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pass through the row from one side to the other; he used to set out chests and shoulders in order, and say: Do not be irregular. And he would say : Allah and His angels bless those who are near the first rows.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 275

حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ مُعَاذٍ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، حَدَّثَنَا حَاتِمٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ أَبِي صَغِيرَةَ - عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ النُّعْمَانَ بْنَ بَشِيرٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُسَوِّي صُفُوفَنَا إِذَا قُمْنَا لِلصَّلاَةِ فَإِذَا اسْتَوَيْنَا كَبَّرَ ‏.‏ 

 Nu’man bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to straighten our rows when we stood up to pray, and when we were straight, he said : Allah is most great (Takbir).

 

Abdullah Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Set the rows in order, stand shoulder to shoulder, close the gaps, be pliant in the hands of your brethren, and do not leave openings for the devil. If anyone joins up a row, Allah will join him up, but if anyone breaks a row, Allah will cut him off (from His Mercy) and whoever severs a row, Allah will sever (His mercy) from him.

Imam Abu Dawud said : The name of Abu Shajarah (one of the narrators) is Kathir bin Murrah.  He said the meaning of  'be gentle with the hands of your brothers'   is that if a person comes to a row and wishes to enter it, then every person should ease (give space) for him so that he can stand in the row.

 

حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ رُصُّوا صُفُوفَكُمْ وَقَارِبُوا بَيْنَهَا وَحَاذُوا بِالأَعْنَاقِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لأَرَى الشَّيْطَانَ يَدْخُلُ مِنْ خَلَلِ الصَّفِّ كَأَنَّهَا الْحَذَفُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Anas Ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Stand close together in your rows, bring them near one another, and stand neck to neck, for by Him in Whose hand my soul is, I see the devil coming in through openings in the row just like a small black sheep.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 278
 
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : Straighten your rows for the straightening of the rows is part of perfecting the prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 279
 
 
Muhammad bin Muslim bin al-Sa’ib said : one day I prayed by the side of Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said; do you know why this stick is placed here? I said : No, by Allah. He said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to put his hand upon it and say : Keep straight and straighten your rows.
 
 

This tradition has also been transmitted by Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of transmitters. This version goes : when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood for prayer, he took it (the stick) in his right hand and turning (to the right side) said; keep straight and straighten your rows. He then took it in his left hand and said; keep straight and straighten your rows.
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَنْبَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ عَطَاءٍ - عَنْ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَتِمُّوا الصَّفَّ الْمُقَدَّمَ ثُمَّ الَّذِي يَلِيهِ فَمَا كَانَ مِنْ نَقْصٍ فَلْيَكُنْ فِي الصَّفِّ الْمُؤَخَّرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Complete the front row, then the one that comes next, and if there is any incompleteness, let it be in the last row.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 282

Abdullah Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : The best of you are those whose shoulders are soft in prayer.

 

CHAPTER (97)

باب الصُّفُوفِ بَيْنَ السَّوَارِي
Rows between pillars
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 283

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ هَانِئٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ مَحْمُودٍ، قَالَ صَلَّيْتُ مَعَ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَدُفِعْنَا إِلَى السَّوَارِي فَتَقَدَّمْنَا وَتَأَخَّرْنَا فَقَالَ أَنَسٌ كُنَّا نَتَّقِي هَذَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

Abdul Hamid Ibn Mahmud narrated that  he offered the Friday prayer along with Anas ibn Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). We were pushed to the pillars (due to the crowd of people). We, therefore, stopped forward and backward. Anas  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) then said : We used to avoid it (setting a row between the pillars) during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

CHAPTER (98)

باب مَنْ يُسْتَحَبُّ أَنْ يَلِيَ الإِمَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَكَرَاهِيَةِ التَّأَخُّرِ
Who is encouraged to pray behind the Imam and the dislike of distancing oneself (from the Imam)
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 284
 
حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ كَثِيرٍ، أَخْبَرَنِي سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لِيَلِنِي مِنْكُمْ أُولُو الأَحْلاَمِ وَالنُّهَى ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Ma’sud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : let those of your who are sedate and prudent be near me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 285
 
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Abdullah bin Mas’ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : “Do not be irregular, so have your hearts irregular, and beware of tumult such as found in market”.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 286
 

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Allah and His angels bless those who are on the right flanks of the rows.

 

CHAPTER (99)

باب مُقَامِ الصِّبْيَانِ مِنَ الصَّفِّ
The place of children in the rows
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 287
 
حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ شَاذَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَيَّاشٌ الرَّقَّامُ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى، حَدَّثَنَا قُرَّةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا بُدَيْلٌ، حَدَّثَنَا شَهْرُ بْنُ حَوْشَبٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ غَنْمٍ، قَالَ قَالَ أَبُو مَالِكٍ الأَشْعَرِيُّ أَلاَ أُحَدِّثُكُمْ بِصَلاَةِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ فَأَقَامَ الصَّلاَةَ وَصَفَّ الرِّجَالَ وَصَفَّ خَلْفَهُمُ الْغِلْمَانَ ثُمَّ صَلَّى بِهِمْ فَذَكَرَ صَلاَتَهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ هَكَذَا صَلاَةُ قَالَ عَبْدُ الأَعْلَى لاَ أَحْسَبُهُ إِلاَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ صَلاَةُ أُمَّتِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Malik al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Should I not tell you how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led the prayer? He said : He had the Iqama announced, drew the men up in line and drew up the youths behind them, then led them in prayer. He then mentioned how he conducted it and said this is the prayer.  Abdul A'la said : I think he must have said : My people.

 

 

CHAPTER (100)

باب صَفِّ النِّسَاءِ وَكَرَاهِيَةِ التَّأَخُّرِ عَنِ الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ
Rows for women and their distance from the first row
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 288
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ الْبَزَّازُ، حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ، وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ زَكَرِيَّا، عَنْ سُهَيْلِ بْنِ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ خَيْرُ صُفُوفِ الرِّجَالِ أَوَّلُهَا وَشَرُّهَا آخِرُهَا وَخَيْرُ صُفُوفِ النِّسَاءِ آخِرُهَا وَشَرُّهَا أَوَّلُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : the best of the men’s row is the first and the worst of them is the last, but the best of the women’s rows is the last and the worst of them is the first.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 289

 
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying the people will continue to keep themselves away from the front row until Allah will keep them away (from the front) in the Hell fire.


Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw a tendency among his companions to go to the back. He said to them, come forward and follow my lead, and let those who come after you follow your lead people will continue to keep to the back till Allah would put them at the back.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (101)

باب مُقَامِ الإِمَامِ مِنَ الصَّفِّ
The position that the Imam should have in relation to rows
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 291

حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرُ بْنُ مُسَافِرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ بَشِيرِ بْنِ خَلاَّدٍ، عَنْ أُمِّهِ، أَنَّهَا دَخَلَتْ عَلَى مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْقُرَظِيِّ فَسَمِعَتْهُ يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ وَسِّطُوا الإِمَامَ وَسُدُّوا الْخَلَلَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Have the Imam in the center and close up the gaps.

 

CHAPTER (102)

باب الرَّجُلِ يُصَلِّي وَحْدَهُ خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ
A man prays by himself behind the rows
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 292

حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، وَحَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ هِلاَلِ بْنِ يِسَافٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ رَاشِدٍ، عَنْ وَابِصَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَأَى رَجُلاً يُصَلِّي خَلْفَ الصَّفِّ وَحْدَهُ فَأَمَرَهُ أَنْ يُعِيدَ - قَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ - الصَّلاَةَ ‏.‏

Wabisah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw a man praying alone behind the row. He ordered him to repeat. Sulayman ibn Harb said : The prayer.

 

CHAPTER (103)

باب الرَّجُلِ يَرْكَعُ دُونَ الصَّفِّ
A person bows outside of the row
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 293
 
حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، أَنَّ يَزِيدَ بْنَ زُرَيْعٍ، حَدَّثَهُمْ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ أَبِي عَرُوبَةَ، عَنْ زِيَادٍ الأَعْلَمِ، حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ، أَنَّ أَبَا بَكْرَةَ، حَدَّثَ أَنَّهُ، دَخَلَ الْمَسْجِدَ وَنَبِيُّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَاكِعٌ - قَالَ - فَرَكَعْتُ دُونَ الصَّفِّ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ زَادَكَ اللَّهُ حِرْصًا وَلاَ تَعُدْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Bakra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he came to the mosque when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was bowing. So I bowed outside the row (before joining it). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said; May Allah increase your eagerness! But do not do it again.
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 294
 
Al-Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : Abu Bakrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to the Mosque when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was bowing. So he bowed without the row (before joining it). He then went to the row. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) finished his prayer, he said : which of you bowed without the row, and then went to the row? Abu Bakra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said; it was me. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : May Allah increase your eagerness ! but do not do it again.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (104)

باب مَا يَسْتُرُ الْمُصَلِّي
What may be used as a Sutra (screen) by the praying person
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 295
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ كَثِيرٍ الْعَبْدِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْرَائِيلُ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، طَلْحَةَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا جَعَلْتَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ مِثْلَ مُؤَخَّرَةِ الرَّحْلِ فَلاَ يَضُرُّكَ مَنْ مَرَّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Talhah bin 'Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When you place in front of you something such as the back of a saddle, then there is no harm if someone passes in front of you.
 
 
'Ata said : The back of the saddle is (about) one cubit (in height) or more than that.
 
 
 
Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would go out (for prayer) on the day of 'Eid, he ordered to bring a lance, it was then setup in front of him and he would pray in its direction, and the people (stood) behind him. He used to do so during journey ; hence the rulers would take it (lance with them).
 
 
 
Abu Juhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in prayer at al-Batha', with a staff set up in front of him. (He prayed) two rak'a of the Zuhr prayer and two rak'a of the 'Asr prayer. The women and the donkeys would pass in front of the staff.
 
 

CHAPTER (105)

باب الْخَطِّ إِذَا لَمْ يَجِدْ عَصًا
Drawing a line if one does not find a stick
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 299
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ الْمُفَضَّلِ، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أُمَيَّةَ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو عَمْرِو بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حُرَيْثٍ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ جَدَّهُ، حُرَيْثًا يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ فَلْيَجْعَلْ تِلْقَاءَ وَجْهِهِ شَيْئًا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَجِدْ فَلْيَنْصِبْ عَصًا فَإِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ مَعَهُ عَصًا فَلْيَخْطُطْ خَطًّا ثُمَّ لاَ يَضُرُّهُ مَا مَرَّ أَمَامَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you prays, he should put something in front of his face, and if he can find nothing , he should set up his staff; but if he has no staff, he should draw a line; then what passes in front of him will not harm him.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 300

This tradition has also been reported by Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through a different chain of narrators.  Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : He then narrated the tradition about drawing the line. Sufyan said : We did not find anything by which we could reinforce this tradition, and this has been narrated only through this chain. He ('Ali bin al-Madini, a narrator) said : I said to Sufyan : There is a difference of opinion of the name (Abu Muhammad bin 'Amr). He pondered for a moment and then said : I do not remember except Abu Muhammad bin 'Amr Sufyan said : A man had come to Kufah after the death of Isma'il bin Umayyah; he was seeking Abu Muhammad until he found him. He asked him (about this tradition) but he became confused.

Imam Abu Dawud said he heard Ahmad bin Hanbal who was questioned many times how the line should be drawn. He replied : In this way. horizontally like crescent.  Imam Abu Dawud said : I heard Musaddad say: Ibn Dawud said the line should be drawn perpendicularly.  Imam Abu Dawud said : I heard Ahmad bin Hanbal describing many times how the line should be drawn. He said : In this way horizontally in the round semi-circular form like the crescent, that is (the line should be) a curve.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 301
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الزُّهْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ شَرِيكًا صَلَّى بِنَا فِي جَنَازَةٍ الْعَصْرَ فَوَضَعَ قَلَنْسُوَتَهُ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ - يَعْنِي - فِي فَرِيضَةٍ حَضَرَتْ ‏.‏
 
Sufyan bin 'Uyainah said : I saw Sharik who led us in the 'Asr prayer during a funeral ceremony. He placed his cap in front of him, that is, for praying obligatory prayer the time of which had come.