CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN ABU DAWOOD

 

VOLUME (1.9)

 

BOOK # 2 - PRAYER

كتاب الصلاة

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 302
حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَوَهْبُ بْنُ بَقِيَّةَ، وَابْنُ أَبِي خَلَفٍ، وَعَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، - قَالَ عُثْمَانُ - حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي إِلَى بَعِيرِهِ ‏.‏

Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray facing his camel (in the direction of Qibla).
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ الْوَلِيدُ بْنُ كَامِلٍ، عَنِ الْمُهَلَّبِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ الْبَهْرَانِيِّ، عَنْ ضُبَاعَةَ بِنْتِ الْمِقْدَادِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ أَبِيهَا، قَالَ مَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي إِلَى عُودٍ وَلاَ عَمُودٍ وَلاَ شَجَرَةٍ إِلاَّ جَعَلَهُ عَلَى حَاجِبِهِ الأَيْمَنِ أَوِ الأَيْسَرِ وَلاَ يَصْمُدُ لَهُ صَمْدًا ‏.‏

Al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he never saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying in front of a stick, a pillar, or a tree, without having it opposite his right or left eyebrow, and not facing it directly.

 

CHAPTER (108)

باب الصَّلاَةِ إِلَى الْمُتَحَدِّثِينَ وَالنِّيَامِ

Praying behind people who are talking or sleeping

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 304
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْلَمَةَ الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَيْمَنَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، عَمَّنْ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ كَعْبٍ الْقُرَظِيِّ، قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ - يَعْنِي لِعُمَرَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ - حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ تُصَلُّوا خَلْفَ النَّائِمِ وَلاَ الْمُتَحَدِّثِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Do not pray behind a sleeping or a talking person.

 

 

CHAPTER (109)

باب الدُّنُوِّ مِنَ السُّتْرَةِ

Coming close to the Sutra

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 305
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ بْنِ سُفْيَانَ، أَخْبَرَنَا سُفْيَانُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَحَامِدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، وَابْنُ السَّرْحِ، قَالُوا حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ صَفْوَانَ بْنِ سُلَيْمٍ، عَنْ نَافِعِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ أَبِي حَثْمَةَ، يَبْلُغُ بِهِ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى سُتْرَةٍ فَلْيَدْنُ مِنْهَا لاَ يَقْطَعُ الشَّيْطَانُ عَلَيْهِ صَلاَتَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ وَاقِدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ عَنْ صَفْوَانَ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَهْلٍ عَنْ أَبِيهِ أَوْ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَهْلٍ عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ عَنْ نَافِعِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ وَاخْتُلِفَ فِي إِسْنَادِهِ ‏.‏

Sahl ibn Abu Hathmah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the  Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you prays facing a Sutrah he should keep close to it, and not let the devil interrupt his prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has also been narrated by Waqid bin Muhammad from Safwan from Muhammad bin Sahl on the authority of his father, or on the authority of Muhammad bin Sahl from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Some have narrated it from Nafi' bin Jubair on the authority of Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). There is a variation in the chain of its narrators.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 306
 
Sahl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the distance between the place where the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  stood and the Qibla (ie the sutrah or the wall of the mosque) was as much as to allow a goat to pass.
 
 

CHAPTER (110)

باب مَا يُؤْمَرُ الْمُصَلِّي أَنْ يَدْرَأَ عَنِ الْمَمَرِّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ

The command to the one who is praying to block others from crossing in front of him

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 307
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا كَانَ أَحَدُكُمْ يُصَلِّي فَلاَ يَدَعْ أَحَدًا يَمُرُّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَلْيَدْرَأْهُ مَا اسْتَطَاعَ فَإِنْ أَبَى فَلْيُقَاتِلْهُ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ شَيْطَانٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying : When one of you prays, he should not let anyone pass in front of him; he should turn him away as far as possible; but if he refuses (to go), he should fight with him, for he is only a devil.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 308
 
 
Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you prays, he should pray facing the Sutrah (screen) and he should keep himself close to it. He then narrated the tradition to the same effect.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 309
 
Abu 'Ubaid said: I saw 'Ata bin Yazid al-Laithi praying in a standing posture. So I went to him passing in front of him; he, therefore, turned me away. He then said to me : Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: If anyone of you can do that he should not let anyone pass between him and the Qibla, he should do it.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 310
 
 
Abu Salih said : I narrate what I witnesses from Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and heard from him. Abu Sa'id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) met Marwan and said : I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : When one of you prays facing any object which conceals him from people, and someone wishes to pass in front of him, he should strike him at his chest; if he refuses (to go), he should fight with him; he is only a devil.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Sufyan Ath-Thawri said : "A person arrogantly walks in front of me while I am praying, so I stop him, and a weak person passes, so I don't stop him."

 

CHAPTER (111)

باب مَا يُنْهَى عَنْهُ مِنَ الْمُرُورِ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي

The prohibition of passing in front of one who is praying

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 311
 
حَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ عَنْ بُسْرِ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، أَنَّ زَيْدَ بْنَ خَالِدٍ الْجُهَنِيَّ، أَرْسَلَهُ إِلَى أَبِي جُهَيْمٍ يَسْأَلُهُ مَاذَا سَمِعَ مِنْ، رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الْمَارِّ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي فَقَالَ أَبُو جُهَيْمٍ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَوْ يَعْلَمُ الْمَارُّ بَيْنَ يَدَىِ الْمُصَلِّي مَاذَا عَلَيْهِ لَكَانَ أَنْ يَقِفَ أَرْبَعِينَ خَيْرٌ لَهُ مِنْ أَنْ يَمُرَّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو النَّضْرِ لاَ أَدْرِي قَالَ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا أَوْ شَهْرًا أَوْ سَنَةً ‏.‏

 Abu Juhaim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "If one who passes in front of a man who is praying knew the responsibility he incurs, he would prefer to stand still for forty  rather than pass in front of him. Abu al-Nadr said : I do not know whether he said forty days, or months, or years."

 

CHAPTER (112)

باب مَا يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ

What breaks the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 312

حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصُ بْنُ عُمَرَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، ح وَحَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ السَّلاَمِ بْنُ مُطَهَّرٍ، وَابْنُ، كَثِيرٍ - الْمَعْنَى - أَنَّ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنَ الْمُغِيرَةِ، أَخْبَرَهُمْ عَنْ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ هِلاَلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ، عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، - قَالَ حَفْصٌ - قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَقَالاَ عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ قَالَ أَبُو ذَرٍّ ‏"‏ يَقْطَعُ صَلاَةَ الرَّجُلِ - إِذَا لَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ قِيدُ آخِرَةِ الرَّحْلِ الْحِمَارُ وَالْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ وَالْمَرْأَةُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقُلْتُ مَا بَالُ الأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الأَحْمَرِ مِنَ الأَصْفَرِ مِنَ الأَبْيَضِ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَمَا سَأَلْتَنِي فَقَالَ ‏"‏ الْكَلْبُ الأَسْوَدُ شَيْطَانٌ ‏

Hafs (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, and the other version of this tradition transmitted through a different chain has : Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said (and not the Prophet ) : If there is not anything like the back of a saddle in front of a man who is praying, then a donkey, a black dog, and a woman cut off his prayer. I asked him : Why has the black dog been specified, distinguishing it from a red, a yellow and a white dog? He replied: My nephew, I also asked the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the same question as you asked me. He said : The black dog is a devil.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 313
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ جَابِرَ بْنَ زَيْدٍ، يُحَدِّثُ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، - رَفَعَهُ شُعْبَةُ - قَالَ ‏ "‏ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ الْمَرْأَةُ الْحَائِضُ وَالْكَلْبُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَقَفَهُ سَعِيدٌ وَهِشَامٌ عَنْ قَتَادَةَ عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ عَلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ ‏.‏

Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I heard Jabir ibn Zayd who reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ); and Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) as saying: A menstruating woman and a dog cut off the prayer.

Imam Abu Dawood said: Sa'id, Hisham and Hammam narrated this tradition from Qatada on the authority of Jabir bin Zaid as a statement of Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 314
 

Ikrimah reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), saying : I think the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When one of you prays without a sutrah, a dog, an ass, a pig, a Jew, a Magian, and a woman cut off his prayer, but it will suffice if they pass in front of him at a distance of over a stone's throw.

Imam Abu Dawood said : There is something about this tradition in my heart. I used to discuss it with Ibrahim and others. I did not find anyone who narrated it from Hisham and knew it. I did not know anyone who reported it from Hisham and knew it. I did not know anyone who related it from Hisham. I think the confusion is on the part of Ibn Abi Saminah that is, Muhammad bin Isma'il al-Basri, the freed slave of Banu Hisham. In this tradition the mention of words "a Magian" is rejected; the mention of the words "at a stone's throw" and "a pig" is rejected.

Imam Abu Dawood (also) said he did not hear this tradition except from Muhammad bin Isma'il bin Samurrah and he thought he was mistaken because he used to narrate to us from his memory.

 
Yazid bin Nimran said : I saw a crippled man at Tabuk. He (the man) said : I passed riding a donkey in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who was praying. He said (cursing him) : O Allah, cut off his walking. From that time on, I could not walk.
 
 

This tradition as also been reported by Sa’id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) through the same chain of narrators and to the same effect. He added : He cut off our prayer, may Allah cut off his walking.

Imam Abu Dawud said : This version narrated by Mushir on the authority of Sa’id (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) has : He cut off our prayer.

 

Sa’id bin Ghazwan reported on the authority of his father that he made his stay at Tabuk (during his journey) for performing Hajj. All of a sudden he saw a crippled man and asked him about his condition. He said : I relate to you a tradition, but do not narrate it to anyone so long as I am alive : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) encamped at Tabuk near a date-palm and he said : This is our Qibla (direction for praying). He then offered prayer facing it. I came running, when I was a boy, until I passed the place between him and the tree. He said (cursing) : He cut off our prayer, may Allah cut off his walking. I could not, therefore, stand upon them (feet) till today.
 
 

CHAPTER (113)

باب سُتْرَةُ الإِمَامِ سُتْرَةُ مَنْ خَلْفَهُ

The Sutra of the Imam acts as a sutra for those (praying) behind him

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 318
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسَدَّدٌ، حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ الْغَازِ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ شُعَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ هَبَطْنَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مِنْ ثَنِيَّةِ أَذَاخِرَ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ - يَعْنِي - فَصَلَّى إِلَى جِدَارٍ فَاتَّخَذَهُ قِبْلَةً وَنَحْنُ خَلْفَهُ فَجَاءَتْ بَهْمَةٌ تَمُرُّ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَمَا زَالَ يُدَارِئُهَا حَتَّى لَصِقَ بَطْنُهُ بِالْجِدَارِ وَمَرَّتْ مِنْ وَرَائِهِ ‏.‏ أَوْ كَمَا قَالَ مُسَدَّدٌ ‏.‏
 
‘Amr bin Shu’aib reported from his father on the authority of his grandfather : We came down from the mountain pass of Adhaakhir in the company of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The time of prayer came and he prayed facing a direction of prayer, and we were (standing) behind him. Then a small goat came and passed in front of him. He kept on stopping it until he brought his stomach near the wall (to detain it), and at last it passed behind him, or as Musaddad said.
 
 
 
Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was (once) praying. A baby goat tried to pass in front of him and so he prevented it (from doing so). 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (114)

باب مَنْ قَالَ الْمَرْأَةُ لاَ تَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ

Whoever said that the woman does not nullify the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 320
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُسْلِمُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ كُنْتُ بَيْنَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَبَيْنَ الْقِبْلَةِ - قَالَ شُعْبَةُ أَحْسَبُهَا قَالَتْ - وَأَنَا حَائِضٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ رَوَاهُ الزُّهْرِيُّ وَعَطَاءٌ وَأَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ حَفْصٍ وَهِشَامُ بْنُ عُرْوَةَ وَعِرَاكُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ وَأَبُو الأَسْوَدِ وَتَمِيمُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ كُلُّهُمْ عَنْ عُرْوَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَأَبُو الضُّحَى عَنْ مَسْرُوقٍ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ وَالْقَاسِمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ وَأَبُو سَلَمَةَ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ لَمْ يَذْكُرُوا ‏ "‏ وَأَنَا حَائِضٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that she was  sleeping in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with my legs between him and the Qibla. Shu'bah said : I think she said, she was menstruating.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by az-Zuhri, 'Ata, Abu Bakr bin Hafs, Hisham bin 'Urwah, 'Irak bin Malik, Abu al-Aswad and Tamim bin Salamah; all transmitted from 'Urwah on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). Ibrahim narrated from al-Aswad on the authority of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). Abu Ad-Duha narrated from Masruq on the authority of  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). Al-Qasim bin Muhammad and Abu Salamah narrated it from  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). All these narrators did not mention the words 'And I was menstruating.'

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 321
 
 
Urwah reported on the authority of Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray at night and she would lie between him and the Qibla, sleeping on the bed on which he would sleep. When he wanted to offer the Witr prayer, he awakened her and she offered the witr prayer.
 
 
 Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 322
Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : I used to sleep with my legs in front of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he would offer his (Tahajjud) prayer at night. When he prostrated himself he struck my legs, and I drew them up and he then prostrated.
 
 
 
It was reported from Abu An-Nadr, from Abu Salama bin Abdur Rahman, from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that she said : "I used to be asleep while my legs would be in the front of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was praying during the night. When he wanted to prostrate, he would struck my feet, so I would pull them up, and he would prostrate.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 324

Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) narrated that she used to sleep lying between the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the Qibla. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray when I (was lying) in front of him. When he wanted to offer the Witr prayer - added by the narrator Uthman - he pinched me - then the narrators are agreed - and said : Set aside.

 

 

CHAPTER (115)

باب مَنْ قَالَ الْحِمَارُ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ

Whoever said that the donkey does not nullify the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 325

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ جِئْتُ عَلَى حِمَارٍ ح وَحَدَّثَنَا الْقَعْنَبِيُّ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُتْبَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ أَقْبَلْتُ رَاكِبًا عَلَى أَتَانٍ وَأَنَا يَوْمَئِذٍ، قَدْ نَاهَزْتُ الاِحْتِلاَمَ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي بِالنَّاسِ بِمِنًى فَمَرَرْتُ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ بَعْضِ الصَّفِّ فَنَزَلْتُ فَأَرْسَلْتُ الأَتَانَ تَرْتَعُ وَدَخَلْتُ فِي الصَّفِّ فَلَمْ يُنْكِرْ ذَلِكَ أَحَدٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَهَذَا لَفْظُ الْقَعْنَبِيِّ وَهُوَ أَتَمُّ ‏.‏ قَالَ مَالِكٌ وَأَنَا أَرَى ذَلِكَ وَاسِعًا إِذَا قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ ‏.‏

Abdullah ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he came riding a donkey. Another version has : Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : When I was near the age of the puberty I came riding a she-ass and found the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) leading the people in prayer at Mina. I passed in front of a part of the row, and dismounting left my she-ass for grazing in the pasture, and I joined the row, and no one objected to that.

Imam Abu Dawood said, 'these are the words of al-Qa'nabi, and are complete'. Malik said : I take it as permissible at the time when the Iqama for prayer is pronounced.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 326

Abu Sahba (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : We discussed the things that cut off the prayer according to Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said : I and a boy from Banu Abdul Muttalib came riding a donkey, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was leading the people in prayer. He dismounted and I also dismounted. I left the donkey in front of the row. He (the Prophet ) did not pay attention to that. Then two girls from Banu Abdul Muttalib came and joined the row in the middle, but he paid no attention to that.

 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 327
 
The narration has also been narrated by Mansur through a different chain of narrators. This version has : Then two girls from Banu Abdul Muttalib came fighting together. He caught them. Uthman (a narrator) said : He separated them. And Dawud (another narrator) said : He pulled away from the other, but he paid no attention to that.
 
 

CHAPTER (116)

باب مَنْ قَالَ الْكَلْبُ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ

Whoever said that the dog does not nullify the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 328
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْمَلِكِ بْنُ شُعَيْبِ بْنِ اللَّيْثِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ جَدِّي، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عُمَرَ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ عَبَّاسِ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، عَنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ أَتَانَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَنَحْنُ فِي بَادِيَةٍ لَنَا وَمَعَهُ عَبَّاسٌ فَصَلَّى فِي صَحْرَاءَ لَيْسَ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ سُتْرَةٌ وَحِمَارَةٌ لَنَا وَكَلْبَةٌ تَعْبَثَانِ بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ فَمَا بَالَى ذَلِكَ ‏.‏

Al-Fadl Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us accompanied by Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when we were in open country belonging to us.  He prayed in a desert with no sutrah in front of him, and a she-ass and a dog of ours were playing in front of him, but he paid no attention to that.

 

 

CHAPTER (117)

باب مَنْ قَالَ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ شَىْءٌ

Whoever said that nothing nullifies the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 329
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْعَلاَءِ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو أُسَامَةَ، عَنْ مُجَالِدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الْوَدَّاكِ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يَقْطَعُ الصَّلاَةَ شَىْءٌ وَادْرَءُوا مَا اسْتَطَعْتُمْ فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ شَيْطَانٌ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Nothing interrupts the prayer, but repulse as much as you can anyone who passes in front of you, for he is just a devil.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 330
 

Abu al-Waddak narrated that a youth from the Quraish passed in front of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was praying. He repulsed him. He returned again. He then repulsed him for the third time. When he finished the prayer, he said : Nothing cuts off prayer; but the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : Repulse as much as you can, for he is just a devil.

Imam Abu Dawood said if two traditions of the prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) conflict, the practice of the Companions after him should be taken into consideration.

 

CHAPTER (118)

باب رَفْعِ الْيَدَيْنِ فِي الصَّلاَةِ

Raising the hands in prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 331

حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ حَنْبَلٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا اسْتَفْتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى يُحَاذِيَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ وَإِذَا أَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْكَعَ وَبَعْدَ مَا يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ - وَقَالَ سُفْيَانُ مَرَّةً وَإِذَا رَفَعَ رَأْسَهُ ‏.‏ وَأَكْثَرُ مَا كَانَ يَقُولُ وَبَعْدَ مَا يَرْفَعُ رَأْسَهُ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ - وَلاَ يَرْفَعُ بَيْنَ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ ‏.‏

Salim reported on the authority of his father (Ibn Umar - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he began prayer, he used to raise his hands opposite his shoulders, and he did so when he bowed, and raised his head after bowing. Sufyan (a narrator) once said : “When he raised his head : and after he used to say : when he raised his head after bowing.  He would not raise (his hands) between the two prostrations.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 332
 
Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to raise his hands opposite his shoulders when he began prayer, then he said takbir ( Allah is most great) in the same condition, and then he bowed. And when he raised his back (head) after bowing he raised them opposite his shoulders, and said - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him].   But he did not raise his hand when he prostrated himself; he rather raised them when he said the takbir (Allah is most great) before bowing until his prayer is finished.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 333

‘Abdul Jabbar bin Wa’il (bin Hujr) (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I was a small boy and I did not understand the prayer of my father. So Wa’il bin Alqamah reported Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) as saying : I offered prayer along with the Apostle of Allah  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He used to raise his hands when he pronounced the takbir (Allah is most great), then pulled his garment around him, then placed his right hand on his left, and entered his hands in his garment. When he was about to bow he took his hands out of his garment, and then raised them. And when he raised his head after bowing, he raised his hands. He then prostrated himself and placed his face (forehead on the ground) between his hands. And when he raised his head after prostration, he also raised his hands until he finished his prayer. Muhammad (a narrator) said : I mentioned it to al-Hasan bin Abu al-Hasan who said : This is how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offered prayer; some did it and others abandoned it.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by Hammam from Ibn Juhadah, but he did not mention the raising of hands after he raised his head at the end of the prostration.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 334
 
Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up to pray he raised his hands till they were in front of his shoulders and placed his thumbs opposite his ears; then he said the Takbir (Allah is most great).
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 335
 
Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said he saw the Apotle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  raise his hands when he said the takbir (Allah is most great).
 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 336

Wa'il ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he purposely looked at the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how he offered it. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up, faced the direction of the Qibla and said the takbir (Allah is most great) and then raised his hands in front of his ears, then placed his right hand on his left (catching each other). When he was about to bow, he raised them in the same manner. He then placed his hands on his knees. When he raised his head after bowing, he raised them in the like manner. When he prostrated himself he placed his forehead between his hands.  He then sat down and spread his left foot and placed his left hand on his left thigh, and kept his right elbow aloof from his right thigh. He closed his two fingers and made a circle (with the fingers).

Asim ibn Kulayb (the narrator) said his Shaikh Bishr Ibn al-Mufaddal used to do in the same manner. Bishr made the circle with the thumb and the middle finger and pointed with the forefinger.

 
 
The above tradition has been transmitted by Asim bin Kulaib through a different chain of narrators and to the same effect. This version has : “He (the Prophet ) then placed his right hand on the back of his left palm and his wrist and forearm.” This also adds : “I then came back afterwards in a season when it was severe cold. I saw the people putting on heavy clothes moving their hands under the clothe.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 338

Wa'il Ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he  witnessed the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raise his hands in front of his ears when he began to pray. I then came back (in winter) and saw them (the people) raising their hands up to their chest when they began to pray.  They wore long caps and blankets.

 

CHAPTER (119)

باب افْتِتَاحِ الصَّلاَةِ

The beginning of the prayer

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 339

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَنْبَارِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ شَرِيكٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ وَائِلٍ، عَنْ وَائِلِ بْنِ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الشِّتَاءِ فَرَأَيْتُ أَصْحَابَهُ يَرْفَعُونَ أَيْدِيَهُمْ فِي ثِيَابِهِمْ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏

Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) during winter and saw Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) companions raise their hands in their clothes in prayer.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 340
 
Abu Humaid al-Sa’idi once told a company of ten of the companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); Abu Qatada (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was one of them : I am one among you who is more informed of the way the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed. They said : Why, By Allah, you did not follow him more than us, nor did you remain in his company longer than us? He said : Yes. They said : Then describe (how the Prophet   prayed). He said : When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up to pray, he raised his hands so as to bring them opposite his shoulders, and said the takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ), until every bone rested in its place properly. Then he recited (some verses from the Quran); then he said the takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ), raising his hands so as to bring them opposite his shoulders; then he bowed placing the palms of his hands on his knees and keeping himself straight, neither raising nor lowering his head; then raised his head saying - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praise Him]; then raised his hands so as to bring them exactly opposite to his shoulders; then said, “اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ”; then lowered himself to the ground (in prostration), keeping his arms away from his sides; then raised his head, bent his left foot and sat on it, and opened the toes when he prostrated.  Then he said “اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ”; then raised his head, bent his left foot and sat on it so that every bone returned to its place properly.  Then he did the same in the second (rak’a). At the end of the two Rak’a he stood up and said the takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ), raising his hands so as to bring them opposite to his shoulders; then he bowed, placing the palms of his hands on his knees and keeping himself straight, neither raising or lowering his head.   Then raised his head saying -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah listens to him who praises Him]; then raised his hands so as to bring them exactly opposite his shoulders; then said “اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ”; then lowered himself to the ground (in prostration), keeping his arms away from his sides; then raised his head, bent his left foot and sat on it, and opened the toes when he prostrated himself.  Then he prostrated and said : “اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ”; then raised his head, bent his left foot and sat on it so that every bone returned to its place properly. Then he did the same in the second (rak’a). At the end of two rak’a he stood up and said the takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ), raising his hands so as to bring them opposite to his shoulders in the way he had uttered the Takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ) at the beginning of the prayer; then he did that in the remainder of his prayer; and after prostration which if followed by the taslim (salutation) he took out his left foot and sat on his left hip. They said : You have spoken the truth. This is how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 341
 
Amr al-Amiri narrated that once he attended the meeting of the companions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). They began to discuss his prayer. Abu Humaid then narrated a part of the same tradition and said : When he bowed he clutched his knees with his palms, and he opened his fingers; then he bent his back without raising his upwards, and did not turn his face (on any side). When he sat at the end of two rak’a he sat on the sole of his left foot and raised the right, and after the fourth he placed his left hip on the ground and spread out both his feet one side.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 342
 
The above mentioned tradition has also been reported by Muhammad bin Amr bin Ata through a different chain of narrators. This version adds : “When he prostrated himself he neither placed his arms on the ground nor closed them; putting forward his fingers towards the Qibla.”
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 343
 
Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) or Ayyash bin Sahl as-Sa’idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that he was present in a meeting which was attended by his father who was one of the companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), Abu Hurairah, Abu Humaid al-Sa’idi and Abu Usaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم). He narrated the same tradition with a slight addition or deletion. He said : He then raised his head after bowing and said - سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ  [Allah listens to him who praises Him,  to You, our Lord, be the praise] and raised his hands. He then said (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ); then he prostrated himself and rested on his palms, knees, and the end of his toes while prostrating: then he said the Takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ), and sat down on his hips and raised his other foot; then he uttered the takbir (اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ) and prostrated himself; then he said takbir and stood up, but did not sit on his hips. He (the narrator) then narrated the rest of the tradition. He further said : Then he sat down at the end of two rak’a; when he was about to stand after two rak’a, he said the takbir; then he offered the last two rak’a of the prayer. The narrator did not mention about his sitting on the hips spreading out his feet.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 344

Abbas bin Sahl said : Abu Humaid, Abu Usaid, Sahl bin Sa’d and Muhammad bin Maslamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم) (once) got together and discussed how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to offer his prayer. Abu Humaid said : I am more informed than any of you regarding the prayer offered by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Then he mentioned a part of it, and said : He then bowed and placed his hands upon his knees as if he caught hold of them; and bent them, keeping (his arms) away from his sides. He them prostrated himself and placed his nose and forehead (on the ground); and kept his arms away from his side, and placed his palms (on the ground opposite his shoulders; he then raised his head that every bone returned to its proper place; (he then prostrated twice) until he finished this prostrations). Then he sat down and spread out his left foot, putting forward the front of his right foot towards the qiblah placing the palm of his right hand on his right knee, and the palm of his left hand on his left knee, and he pointed with his finger.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been narrated by Ibn al-Mubarak from Fulaih who heard Abbas bin Sahl narrating it; but I do not remember it. I think he made the mention of Isa bin Abdullah who heard Abbas bin Sahl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) saying : I accompanied Abu Humaid al-Sa’idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 345

Abu Humaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported to the same effect. He said : When he (the Prophet ﷺ) prostrated he kept his thighs wide and did not let his belly touch the thighs.

Imam Abu Dawood said, Ibn Mubarak narrated this hadith from Abbas bin Sahl (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), which he did not remember well. It is thought that he has mentioned Isa bin Abdullah, Abbas bin Sahl and Abu Humaid al-Sa’idi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) .

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 346

Wa’il bin Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported in this tradition from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : When he prostrated, his knees touched the ground before his palms touched it; when he prostrated himself, he placed his forehead on the ground between his palms, and kept his armpits away from his sides.

Hajjaj reported from Hammam and Shaqiq narrated a similar tradition to us from Asim bin Kulaib on the authority of his father from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  And another version narrated by one of them and I think in all probability that this version has been narrated by Muhammad bin Juhadah : when he got up (after prostration), he got up with his knees and gave his weight on his thighs.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 347

Wa'il ibn Hujr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raising his thumbs in prayer up to the lobes of his ears.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 348

Abu Hurayrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) for prayer (in the beginning), he raised his hands opposite to his shoulders; and when he bowed, he did like that; and when he raised his head to prostrate, he did like that; and when he got up at the end of two rak'a, he did like that.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 349

Maymun al-Makki said that he saw Abdullah Ibn Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) leading in prayer. He pointed with his hands (raised his hands opposite to the shoulders) when he stood up, when he bowed and when he prostrated, and when he got up after prostration, he pointed with his hands (raised his hands).  Then I went to Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said (to him) I saw Ibn Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) praying that I never saw anyone praying. I then told him about the pointing with his hands (raising his hands). He said : If you like to see the prayer of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) follow the prayer as offered by Abdullah ibn Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 350

Nadr ibn Kathir as-Sa'di said Abdullah ibn Tawus prayed at my side in the mosque of al-Khayf. When he made the first prostration, he raised his head after it and raised his hands opposite to his face. This came as something strange for me. I, therefore, said it to Wuhayb Ibn Khalid.  Then Wuhayb Ibn Khalid said to him : You are doing a thing that I did not see anyone do. Ibn Tawus then replied: I saw my father doing it, and my father said he saw Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) doing it. I do not know but he said the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do it.

 

Nafi’ said on the authority of Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when he began prayer, he said the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands; and when he bowed ( he raised his hands); and when he said -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ  [Allah listens to him who praises Him] (he raised his hands); and when he stood up at the end of two rak’a, he raised his hands. He (Ibn ‘Umar  ) traced that back to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

Imam Abu Dawood said, what is correct is that the tradition reported by Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) does not go back to the Prophet  (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  He said,  the narrator Baqiyyah reported the first part of this tradition from ‘Ubaidullah and traced it back to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); and the narrator al-Thaqafi reported it from ‘Ubaidullah as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) himself (not from the Porphet  ﷺ). In this version he said : When he stood at the end of two rak’a he raised them up to his breasts. And this is the correct version.

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has been transmitted as a statement of Ibn ‘Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) (and not of the Prophet ﷺ) by al-Laith bin Sa’d, Malik, Ayyub, and Ibn Juraij; and this has been narrated as a statement of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  by Hammad bin Salamah alone on the authority of Ayyub. Ayyub and Malik did not mention his raising of hands when he stood after two prostrations, but al-Laith mentioned it in his version. Ibn Juraij said in this version : I asked Nafi’ : Did Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) raise (his hands) higher for the first time? He said : No.  I said : Point out to me. He then pointed to the breasts or lower than that.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 352

Nafi’ said, when Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) began his prayer, he raised his hands opposite to his shoulders; and when he raised his head after bowing, he raised them lower than that.

Imam Abu Dawood said, so as far as I know, no one narrated the words “he raised them lower that that” except Malik.

 

CHAPTER ( - )

باب مَنْ ذَكَرَناَ أ نَّهُ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ !ذَا قَامَ مِنْ الشَنْتَيْنِ

Those who mentioned that he should raise his hands after standing up after two Raka

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 353

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الْمُحَارِبِيُّ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمِ بْنِ كُلَيْبٍ، عَنْ مُحَارِبِ بْنِ دِثَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ كَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ ‏.‏

Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood at the end of two rak’a, he said the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 354
حَدَّثَنَا الْحَسَنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ الْهَاشِمِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ عُقْبَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْفَضْلِ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمُطَّلِبِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، - رضى الله عنه - عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَنَّهُ كَانَ إِذَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ الْمَكْتُوبَةِ كَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَذْوَ مَنْكِبَيْهِ وَيَصْنَعُ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ إِذَا قَضَى قِرَاءَتَهُ وَأَرَادَ أَنْ يَرْكَعَ وَيَصْنَعُهُ إِذَا رَفَعَ مِنَ الرُّكُوعِ وَلاَ يَرْفَعُ يَدَيْهِ فِي شَىْءٍ مِنْ صَلاَتِهِ وَهُوَ قَاعِدٌ وَإِذَا قَامَ مِنَ السَّجْدَتَيْنِ رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ كَذَلِكَ وَكَبَّرَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ فِي حَدِيثِ أَبِي حُمَيْدٍ السَّاعِدِيِّ حِينَ وَصَفَ صَلاَةَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ الرَّكْعَتَيْنِ كَبَّرَ وَرَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حَتَّى يُحَاذِيَ بِهِمَا مَنْكِبَيْهِ كَمَا كَبَّرَ عِنْدَ افْتِتَاحِ الصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏

Ali ibn Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood for offering the obligatory prayer, he uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands opposite to his shoulders; and he did like that when he finished recitation (of the Qur'an) and was about to bow; and he did like that when he rose after bowing; and he did not raise his hands in his prayer while he was in his sitting position.

When he stood up from his prostrations (at the end of two rak'a), he raised his hands likewise and uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands so as to bring them up to his shoulders, as he uttered the takbir in the beginning of the prayer.

 
 
Malik bin al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raise his hands when he uttered the takbir (Allah is most great), when he bowed and when he raised his head after bowing until he brought them to the lobes of his ears.
 
 
 
Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that : If I were in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I would see his armpits. Ibn Mu'adh added that Lahiq said : Do you not see, Abu Hurayra (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) could not stand in front of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) while he was praying. Musa added : When he uttered the takbir, he raised his hands.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 357

Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported that the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught them how to pray. He then uttered the takbir (Allah is most great) and raised his hands; when he bowed, he joined his hands and placed them between his knees. When this (report) reached Sa'd, he said : My brother said truly. We used to do this; then we were later on commanded to do this, that is, to place the hands on the knees.

 

CHAPTER ( 121 )

باب مَنْ لَمْ يَذْكُرِ الرَّفْعَ عِنْدَ الرُّكُوعِ

Those who did not mention raising the hands after Ruku 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 358

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ كُلَيْبٍ - عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ أَلاَ أُصَلِّي بِكُمْ صَلاَةَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ فَصَلَّى فَلَمْ يَرْفَعْ يَدَيْهِ إِلاَّ مَرَّةً ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذَا مُخْتَصَرٌ مِنْ حَدِيثٍ طَوِيلٍ وَلَيْسَ هُوَ بِصَحِيحٍ عَلَى هَذَا اللَّفْظِ ‏.‏

It was reported from Alqamah who said Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: Should I not pray for you the way the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed? So he prayed, raising his hands only once.

Imam Abu Dawood said this is a summarized version of a longer narration and it is not authentic with this wording.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 359
 
This tradition has also been transmitted by Sufyan through a different chain of narrators. This version has : He raised his hands once in the beginning. Some narrated: (raised his hands) once only.
 
 
Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 360

Al-Bara' ibn Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began prayer, he raised his hands up to his ears, then he did not repeat.

 

Sunan Abu Dawood, Vol 1,  Bk 2, Hadith # 361

حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ الزُّهْرِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ، نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ شَرِيكٍ لَمْ يَقُلْ ثُمَّ لاَ يَعُودُ ‏.‏ قَالَ سُفْيَانُ قَالَ لَنَا بِالْكُوفَةِ بَعْدُ ثُمَّ لاَ يَعُودُ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ وَرَوَى هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ هُشَيْمٌ وَخَالِدٌ وَابْنُ إِدْرِيسَ عَنْ يَزِيدَ لَمْ يَذْكُرُوا ثُمَّ لاَ يَعُودُ ‏.‏ 

This tradition has been narrated by Sufyan through a different chain of transmitters. This version does not have the words “then he did not repeat”. Sufyan said : The words “then he did not repeat“ were narrated to us later on at Kufah by him (Yazid).

Imam Abu Dawood said this tradition has also been transmitted by Hushaim, Khalid, and Ibn Idris from Yazid. They did not mention the words “then he did not repeat”

 

 
حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَخْبَرَنَا وَكِيعٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنْ أَخِيهِ، عِيسَى عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي لَيْلَى، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَفَعَ يَدَيْهِ حِينَ افْتَتَحَ الصَّلاَةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَرْفَعْهُمَا حَتَّى انْصَرَفَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو دَاوُدَ هَذَا الْحَدِيثُ لَيْسَ بِصَحِيحٍ ‏.‏

Al-Bara' ibn Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he saw that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) raised his hands when he began prayer, but he did not raise them until he finished (prayer).

Imam Abu Dawood said, this tradition is not sound.

 

Abu Hurayrah () narrated that when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) began his prayer, he raised his hands extensively.