CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN AN-NASAI

 

ENGLISH TRANSLATION AND GUIDE BY

 

SHAIKH MIR ASEDULLAH QUADRI

 

 

 

 VOLUME (1)

 

بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم  

 الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

 

Hadith books were originally written in Arabic. Later these were translated into other languages.  The  need for authentic Ahle Sunnah English translations and guides of Ahadith books explaining the facts in the light of Quran and Sunnah was felt for a longtime as the  English translations of Ahadith Books by deviant sects do not meet Sahih Iman requirement of Islam.
 
Currently, English Translations and Guides of the following 7 major books of Ahadith are being uploaded on our Network websites.  
(1) Sahih al-Bukhari (صحيح البخاري) 
(2) Sahih Muslim  (صحيح مسلم)
(3) Sahih al-Muatta (صحيح الموطأ)
(4) Sunan an-Nasa'i (سنن النسائي)
(5) Sunan Abi Dawud (سنن أبي داود)
(6) Jami at-Tirmidhi  (جامع الترمذي)
(7) Sunan Ibn Majah  (سنن ابن ماجه)
 
More Ahadith books will be added later. We aim at creating an Ahle Sunnah, multilingual  database of Ahadith. 

 

BOOKS OF AHADITH 

 

A brief account of books of Ahadith, classification of Ahadith and categories of the books of Ahadith is given below.

There are two main sources of Islamic Sharia, Quran and Sunnah. Quran is the word of God, while the Hadith is its translation into pragmatic terms, as exemplified by Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  These two sources are inter related because it is not possible to understand  Qur’an without reference to Ahadith; and it is not possible to explain a Hadith without relating it to Qur’an. The words 'Sunnah' and 'Hadith' are synonymous. Sunnah means 'the way' or conduct of life'.  It refers to  statements, acts, approvals and character descriptions attributed to Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

During the life of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the emphasis was more on recording, memorizing and preserving Quran. However, some Sahabah used to write whatever the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said or did in their presence. It is reported that 1,060 Sahabah have narrated Ahadith from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

After the death of  Prophet Muhammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) Sahabah shared and collected Ahadith. This continued for a few decades.  Later, within the first two centuries, Hadith scholars conducted a thorough review of these Ahadith, tracing the origins of each Hadith along with the chain of narrators through whom the Hadith was related. The Ahadith which were verifiable were deemed authentic (Sahih) and other were either considered as weak or in some cases, concocted. 

During the time of Companions (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين) and their Successors  (تابعين), Islam spread to a large area in the world.  It was this time when it became necessary to record Ahadith in a systematic way. During the era of  the 'Successors of the successors' (تبه  تابعين), Ahadith were systematically collected and written in a text format.  The first such book was compiled by Imam Malik bin Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) titled 'Muatta' (موطأ).  The period that followed,  witnessed critical research by Hadith scholars.  Ahadith were compiled systematically and were grouped under various headings.  The history of collection of Ahadith can be summed up as follows.
 
(i) First period (1st century AH) was the age of companions and their successor.  This is known as the age of 'Saheefah' (صحيفه), like the collections of Hadhrat Abu Bakr, Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما) and others.  Among the well known manuscripts of Hadith collections of the first century Hijri are as follows.
(a) 'As-Sahifa as-Sadiqa' of Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn al-Aas (d 63 H)
 
(b) 'As-Sahifa as-Sahiha' of Hammam Ibn Munabbih (d 118 H), narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
(c) The collection of Aban Ibn Uthman (d 105 H) from whom Mohammad Ibn Ishaq narrated.
 
(d) The collection of Urwa bin az-Zubair Ibn al-Awwam. This collection was burnt during the sack of Madina by Yazid bin Muawiya in 63 H.
 
(e) Sira of Mohammad Ibn Shihab az-Zuhri  ( d 120 H). 
 
(f) 'Munaqib as-Sahabah' by Asim Ibn Umar Ibn Qatada Ibn al-Numan al-Ansari (d 120 H), etc.
 
(ii) The second period covers middle of second century AH that witnessed planned compilation of Ahadith, like  Imam Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) compilation titled 'Muatta' (موطأ).
 
(iii) The third stage began towards the end of  second century AH, in which classified and organized work on Ahadith was carried out, like Musnad of Imam Ahmad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
(iv) The fourth and most important period is known as 'the period of Sahih'.   It began at the beginning of third century AH, in which books like Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim and others were compiled.  

One of the common accusations made by non-Muslims against Islamic sciences and the study of Hadith is that there is no way of verifying the Hadith and that they should not be used as a source of Fiqh. This argument is based on a very rudimentary and flawed understanding of how the Ahadith were collected and the incredible care and effort Hadith scholars (محدثين) have taken in verifying their authenticity. 

Hadhrat Umar (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) used to judge the narration of every claimant of the tradition on the basis of the 'Principle of testimony.' Meaning, he would accept it only if two men, or one man and two women, would narrate the same thing.  Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) used to ask the narration on oath and considered oath as one witness.  All authentic Ahadith have been collected and published by our Imams of Ahadith in voluminous books.  Every single Hadith has been investigated and it is clearly written the type of Hadith it is.  In the encyclopedia of narrators, particulars and circumstances are investigated.  All these books are elucidated and are pure from weak Ahadith. We are grateful and indebted to our Hadith scholars for their unparalleled work in the history of mankind.  With the monumental work of our Hadith scholars, we are able to know what words and actions can truly be attributed to Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even after 1400 years  of his life.

 

CLASSIFICATION OF AHADITH

 

Hadith is composed of three parts, viz., (i) Text (متن), (ii) Chain of narrators (اسناد) and (iii) 'Object' (طرف) - the text of the Hadith that refers to Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying, action, or concurrence of others' action. 

The primary Hadith terminology (مُصْطَلَحُ الحَدِيْث‎) that specifies the acceptability of Ahadith developed by Hadith scholars, is as follows. 

(i) As regards to the authority, there are 4 types of Ahadith, as follows.

(a) Divine (Qudsi - قدسي) Revelation of Allah relayed with the words of Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

(b) Elevated (Murfu - مرفوع) Murfu Ahadith are narrated in the following manner, 'I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying' -

(c) Stopped (Mauquf - موقوف)  A Hadith narrated by the companion (صحابي) - for example, 'we were commanded to -'

(d) Severed (Maqtu - مقطوع) A narration from the 'successors of Sahabah' (تابعين).

 

(ii) As regards to the Chain of Narrators, there are 6 types of Ahadith, as follows

(a) Supported (Musnad - مُسند)   A hadith which is reported by a Hadith scholar, based on what he learned from his teacher at a time of life suitable for learning.  In turn his teacher learned it from his teacher until the chain  reaches to a well known Sahabi and eventually to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Also Ahadith that are arranged in alphabetical order as per Sahaba names as narrators, are also included in this category. 

(b) Continuous (Muttasil - متصل) A Hadith with  an uninterrupted chain of narrators that goes back to a companion (صحابي) or a Successor (تابعي).

(c) Missing link (Mursal - مرسل)  The link of the Hadith missing between the 'Successor' (تابعي), and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). Like the Successor (تابعي) says, 'the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said - .

(d) Broken Link (Munqati - منقطع) A Hadith whose link is broken before the successor (تابعي). 

(e) Perplexed Link (Mu'dhal - معضل) A Hadith whose narrator omits two or more consecutive reporters in his Chain.

(f) Hanging Link (Mu'allaq - معلق) A Hadith whose narrator omits the entire chain of reporters and directly quotes the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).

 

(iii) As regards to the number of reporters in the Chain of Narrators, there are 2 types of Ahadith, as follows.
(a) Continuous (Mutawatir - متواتر) A Hadith which is reported consecutively by a large number of people in different chains, and it is not possible that they all will agree upon a lie.  There are two kinds of Ahadith in this category, (1) Mutawatir in wording, and (2) Mutawatir in meaning.
(b) Infrequent (Ahaad - اَحاد) A Hadith which is narrated by people whose number does not reach to the state of 'Perpetual Narration' (حديثِ متواتر).
The 'Infrequent Hadith (حديثِ احد) is of three types, as follows.
(1) Famous (Mash'hur - مشهور) A Hadith reported by more than two reporters.
(2) Strong (Aziz - عزيز) A Hadith  reported by two narrators.
(3) Strange (Gharib - غريب) A Hadith reported by only one narrator. 
 
(iv) As regards to the nature of text and the chain of narration,  there are 2 types of Ahadith, as follows.
(a) Inconceivable (Munkar - منكر) A Hadith reported by a weak narrator and the text is against an authentic Hadith.
(b) Interpolated (Mudraj - مدرج) A Hadith in which addition has been made in the text of Hadith by the narrator. 
 
(v) As regards to the reliability, there are 4 types of Ahadith, as follows.
(a) Sound (Sahih - صحيح)  A Hadith whose narrators are trustworthy in religion.  Each narrator in the chain is truthful and understands how a different expression can alter the meanings of the Hadith.  The narrator reports the Hadith verbatim, not just in meaning.
(b) Good (Hassan - حسن) A Hadith whose source is known and the reporters are unambiguous.
(c) Weak (Dha'eef - ضعيف) A Hadith that does not reach to the status of Hassan Hadith. 
The weakness could be related in discontinuity in the chain of narrators or it could be related to one of the narrator making excessive mistakes, or he is a liar.  It could also be related to  ambiguity surrounding the narrator.
(d) Concocted (Maudu - موضوع) A Hadith whose text goes against the established norms of Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) traditions or its reporters include known liars. Concocted Ahadith are also identified by external evidence related to a discrepancy found in the date and time of a particular incident.
 
CATEGORIES OF BOOKS OF AHADITH
 
 
The books of Ahadith are broadly divided into following categories.
 
(i) Sahifah (صحيفه)

Initial collections of Ahadith written down during the lifetime of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), like the Sahifah of Hadhrat Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

(ii) Ajza  (اجزا)

These books include Ahadith passed down on the authority of a Sahabi or a Taba'ee.  This category also includes Ahadith concerning a specific subject which are known as Rasa'il. 

(iii) Sunan (سنن)

Sunan are collections of Ahadith narrated to authors by their teachers; which were narrated to them by their teachers, and so on; until the chain reaches to Sahabah, and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).  In this category, Ahadith are generally related to specific subjects of  laws of Islamic Sharia.

(iv) Musannaf  (المصنف)

In this category, Ahadith are collected on various topics, like Bukhari, Muslim, etc.  

(v) Jami’  (جامع)

Jami is a comprehensive version of Musannaf. Sahih Muslim is considered a Musannaf,  not a Jami’ like that of Sahih Bukhari.  

(vi) Musnad (مسند)

In this category, Ahadith are collected alphabetically as per Sahaba's names as narrators. The famous book in this classification is Musnad of Imam Ahmad.  The Hadith scholars of such books, differ  in their method of arrangement.  In some, Ahadith are arranged as per their Isnad (chain of narrators) in alphabetical order. In others, these are arranged based on the reliability of the people in Isnad. 

(vii) Mu’jam  (معجم)

If Musnad is arranged in alphabetical order, it becomes Mu'jam.  In Mu'jam, Ahadith are taken in alphabetical order irrespective of their content, like  at-Tabarani. 

(viii)  Mustadrak  (المستدرك)

Mustadrak are those books that are written in continuation to the Ahadith books that were written by Hadith scholars earlier. This happens  when Ahadith that conform to the criteria of an earlier work were missed in the earlier work. Mustadrak al-Hakim is an example in this context.  It is said that Mustadrak al-Hakim (المستدرك على الصحيحين للحاكم) contains Ahadith that conform to the criteria of Bukhari and Muslim. 

(ix) Mustakhraj  (المستخرج)

Mustakhraj is similar to Mustadrak.  These books are written when the Hadith scholar finds new chains to previously recorded Ahadith. Abu Nu’aym Isfahani's Mustakhraj is an example in this context that contains fresh isnad (chain of narrations) to Ahadith in Sahih Bukhari and Muslim.

(x) Arba’in  (الأربعين

These books contain 40 Ahadith, the authors consider as important. Book of Imam Nawawi (أحاديث الأربعين النووية) is an example in this category.


The famous six major collections of Ahadith, 'Al-Kutub al-Sitta' (الكتب السته) are (i) Sahih al-Bukhari (صحيح البخاري), (ii) Sahih Muslim  (صحيح مسلم), (iii) Sunan an-Nasa'i (سنن النسائي), (iv) Sunan Abi Dawud (سنن أبي داود), (v) Jami at-Tirmidhi  (جامع الترمذي), (vi) Sunan Ibn Majah  (سنن ابن ماجه).

Three more Ahadith books, after the above six major collections are (vii) Al-Muwatta Imam Malik (الموطأ امام مالك), (viii) Musnad Imam Ahmad (مسند امام احمد), and (ix) Sunan al-Darimi (سنن الدارمي) or Musnad al-Darimi (مسند الدارمي). 

Some other important books of Ahadith are (i) Adab al-Mufrad, (ii) Mishkat al-Masabih, (iii) Sunan al-Kubra al-Bayhaqi, (iv) Sunan ad-Daraqutni, (v) Musannaf of Abdur Razzaq, (vi) Musannaf Ibn Jurayi, (vii) Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, (viii) Musannaf Ibn Khuzaymah, (ix) Sahih Ibn Hibban, (x) Mustadrak Al-Hakim, (xi) Mujma az-Zawa'id, (xii) Sahifah Hammam Ibn Munabbih, (xiii)  Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, (xiv) Bulugh al-Maram, (xv) Talkhis al-Mustadrak, (xvi) Tahdhib al-Athar, (xvii) Kitaab-ul-Aathaar, (xviii) At-Tareeq al-Islam Musnad Imam-ul-Azam, (xix) Musnad al-Shafi'i, (xx) Musnad al-Siraj, (xxi) Musnad al-Firdous, (xxii) Musnad Abu Ya'la, (xxiii) Musnad al-Tayalisi, (xxiv) Musnad Abu Awaanah, (xxv) Sunan Sa'id Ibn Mansur, (xxvi) Kanz-ul-Ummal (كنز العمال),  etc. 

 

SUNAN AN-NASA'I   (سنن النسائي)

 

Sunan an-Nasa'i (سنن النسائي) was compiled by Imam Abū Abdur Raḥmān Aḥmad ibn Shu`ayb ibn Alī ibn Sīnān al-Nasā'ī (امام عبد الرحمن احمد ابنِ شعيب ابن علي  سنان النسائي),  303 915/214 -829 AH,  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).

 

BIOGRAPHY OF IMAM  NASAI (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)

 

Imam Nasai (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is one the great  critic  and a key figure in Muslim Hadith scholarship. His book Sunan an-Nasai (Sunan as-Sughra) is among the six major books of Ahadith in Islamic literature. His date of birth is not known. And  there are differences of opinions in the year of his birth. However, a majority of Ulema consider that he was born in 214 AH (829 AD).   

EDUCATION
 
Very little is known about the early life or about the parents of Imam Nasai, except that he was from Persian origin. Khurasan was the center of learning during his time  where many Hadith scholars lived those days. Imam Nasai had the opportunity to learn in their company.
 
Right from his childhood Imam Nasai was famous for his exceptional memory.    He started learning at a very young age.  It is reported that when he was 15 years old,   he started traveling to other places of learning in pursuit of collecting Ahadith.  He first reached Baghlan (currently in Afghanistan) and spent more than a year learning Ahadith in the company of Hadith scholar Qutaybah Ibn Said.  Later he traveled to Hijaz, Iraq, Syria Egypt, and other places.  In Egypt he stayed for a long time.
 
Among his prominent teachers were (i) Qutaybah ibn Sa`id, (ii) Is-haq ibn Ibrahim, (iii) Is-haq ibn Rahuwayih, (iv) Imam Abu Dawood, (v) Imam Bukhari, (vi) Shaikh Ali ibn Tahawi, (vii) Imam Abu Ja'afar Ahmad at-Tahawi, (viii) Abu Bakr Bindar, (ix) Hisham ibn Ammar, (x) Muhammad ibn An-Nadr, (xi) Suwaid ibn Nasr, (xii) Ziyad ibn Ayyub, (xiii) Sawwar ibn Abdullah Al-Anbari, (xiv) Utbah ibn Abdullah Al-Marwazi, (xv) Muhammad ibn Muthanna, (xvi) Ali ibn Hujr, (xvii) Muhammad ibn Bishar, (xviii) Hisham ibn Amar, (xix) Isa ibn Zaghbah, (xx) Mohammad ibn Nasr al-Marwazi, (xxi) Abu Karayyab, (xxii) Suwaid ibn Nasr Shahdhan, (xxiii) Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn Mohammad, etc.
 
Imam Nasai was a  trustworthy among scholars; well-established in Hadith scrutiny and its narrators and was fully aware of the juristic rulings and explanation of the Ahadiths.  Imam Al-Hakim wrote, 'the sayings of Imam An-Nasai relating Ahadith in issues of fiqh are many, and one is astonished about the perfection of his statements.'   
 
Among notable students who took Ahadiths from him were (i) Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Salamah Al-Azdi, (ii)  Ahmad ibn Muhammad Al-Hashimi, (iii) Sulaiman ibn Matir Al-Lakhmi at-Tabarani, (iv) Abu Uthman Nisaburi, (v) Hamzah ibn Muhammad Al-Kinani (vi) Abu Bishr ad-Dulabi, (vii) Ibn Adi, (viii)  Ibn Jausaa, (ix) Abu Younus, (x) Imam Uqaili, (xi) Ibn al-Akhram, (xii) Abu Awanah, (xiii) Mohammad ibn Muawiyah Andalusi, etc.
 
Imam Nasai is reported to be the follower of Shafii school of thought.  Some scholars have claimed that he followed Hanbali school of thought. Some others have regarded him as a Mujhtahid (Jurist).
 
WORKS
 
Imam Nasai wrote many books like (i) Sunan al-Kubra, (ii) Sunan al-Sughra (Sunan an-Nasai), (iii) Amal Yawmi wa al-laylah, (iv) Kitab Dufai wa al-Matrukin, (v) Khasais Hadhrat Aliؓ, (vi)  Musnad Hadhrat Aliؓ ,  (vii) Al-Jarh wa at-ta'dil, (viii) Musnad Imam Malik, (ix) Fadha'il-e-Sahabah, (x) Kitab at-Tameez, (xi)  Kitab al-Ikhwat, (xii) Musnad Mansoor ibn Dharaan, (xiii) Mashaikh an-Nasai, (xiv) Ma Aghrab Shubah ala Sufyaan wa Sufyan al Shubah, (xv) Asma ar-Rawaah, (xvi) Manasik al-Hajj, (xvii) Tasmiyyah fuqaha al-Amsar Minas-Sahabah fiman Ba'duhum at-Tabaqaat, (xviii) Tasmiyyah min lam Yaru Anhu Ghair Rajul Wahid, etc.
 
Most famous among his works is 'Sunan as-Sughra' popularly known as Sunan an-Nasai. It is one of the six major books of Ahadith taught around the world. In compilation of this book, he followed the criteria of Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim.  It contains about 5700 Ahadith. spread over 52 Chapters

There are many commentaries on an-Nasa’i.  Most famous among them is written by Imam Suyuti titled 'Zahr ar-Raba alal-Mujtaba'.

Many scholars have praised Imam Nasai, as follows.

(i) Imam Suyuti said, ' he was Qadhi, Imam, Hafidh, Shaikh al-Islam and a famous scholar.

(ii) Imam Darqutni said, 'Abu Bakr ibn Haddad Shaf’ii was a scholar of Hadith and he would never narrate a Hadith from anyone except from Imam Nasa’i, and say, ‘I have made him evidence between myself and Allah'.

(iii) Hafidh Muhammad bin Muzaffar said,  'I heard from my teachers testifying that to Imam Nasai’s prayed excessively in day and night'.

(iv) Ad-Dahabi said, 'he was the greatest  Jurist than all the Shuyookh of Egypt and was more knowledgeable about Ahadith and their narrators.

(vi) Imam Hakim said, 'Imam Nasa’i was more Faqih than the Shuyukh of Egypt of his time. He was well acquainted with authentic Ahadith and their narrators and I refer to his book as Sahih. 

(vii) Abu Abdullah bin Mandah said, there are four scholars who extracted the authentic Ahadith from the faulty and the errors from the correct ones  Bukhari, Muslim, and after them Abu Daawood and  Nasa’i'.

 

DEATH

It is reported that when Imam Nasai was 88 years old, he went to Damascus, Syria and he read his book Khasais-e-Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه), which is the collection of Ahadith in praise of Hadhrat Ali (رضئ الله تعالی عنه) in Umayyad Mosque. On hearing these Ahadith, the Muawiyeen demanded him to read Ahadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  On this the Imam informed them that there is not a single authentic Hadith in praise of Muawiya (رضئ الله تعالی عنه).  On hearing this from the Imam, Muawiyeen mobbed and leached him. He was fatally injured in the attack.  It is reported that he asked his students to take him to Makka al-Mukarrama as he may not survive the attack.  He died in Makka on Tuesday, Safar 13, 303 AH (August 27, 1915 AD).  He was buried in Makka by his students.

 

Sunan an-Nasa'i (سنن النسائي)

Imam Nasa'i has written two  books of Ahadith, (i) A large collection of Ahadith titled 'As-Sunan al-Kubra' (السنن الكبرا), and (ii) Small collection of Ahadith titled 'As-Sunan as-Sughra' (السنن الصغرا). Sunan al-Sughra (السنن الصغرا) is included in Six major collections of Ahadith.  It contains about 5,700 Ahadith. 

Imam Nasai's style is a combination of Bukhari and Muslim. He records different chains of Ahadith then explains the correct one. It is reported that many of his Ahadith are taken from Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal's works.

Sunan an-Nasai consists of the following 51 books.  Its Translation and Guide consists of  6 Volumes.

 (1) Book of Purification (كتاب الطهارة)

 (2) Book of Water (كتاب المياه)

 (3) Book of  Mensuration  (كتاب الحيض والاستحاضة)

 (4) Book of Bathing and dry ablution  (كتاب الغسل والتيمم)

 (5) Book of Salah (كتاب الصلاة)

 (6) Book of Salah times   (كتاب المواقيت)

 (7) Book of Azan  (كتاب الأذان)

 (8) Book of Mosques   (كتاب المساجد)

 (9) Book of Qibla  (كتاب القبلة)

(10) Book of Leading the Salah  (كتاب الإمامة)

(11) Book of commencement of Salah  (كتاب الافتتاح)

(12) Book of Clasping of hands  (كتاب التطبيق)

(13) Book of forgetfulness in Salah (كتاب السهو)

(14) Book of Friday Salah  (كتاب الجمعة)

(15) Book of Shortening of Salah during travel  (كتاب تقصير الصلاة فى السفر)

(16) Book of Salah during eclipse  (كتاب الكسوف)

(17) Book of Salah for rain (كتاب الاستسقاء)

(18) Book of Salah for fear  (كتاب صلاة الخوف)

19) Book of Salah for two Eids  (كتاب صلاة العيدين)

(20) Book of Salah in nights, and voluntary salah during the day (كتاب قيام الليل وتطوع النهار)

(21) Book of  Funerals (كتاب الجنائز)

(22) Book of Fasting  (كتاب الصيام)

(23) Book of Zakat  (كتاب الزكاة)

(24) Book of Hajj  (كتاب مناسك الحج)

(25) Book of Jihad (كتاب الجهاد)

(26) Book of Marriage (كتاب النكاح)

(27) Book of Divorce  (كتاب الطلاق)

(28) Book of horses and shooting (كتاب الخيل)

(29) Book of Endowments  (كتاب الإحباس)

(30) Book of  Wills (كتاب الوصايا)

(31) Book of  Presents  (كتاب النحل)

(32) Book of Gifts  (كتاب الهبة)

(33) Book of Permanent gift of Property (كتاب الرقبى)

(34) Book of Umra  (كتاب العمرى)

(35a) Book of oaths and vows  (كتاب الأيمان والنذور

(35b) Book of Agriculture  (كتاب المزارعة)

(36) Book of kind treatment of women   (كتاب عشرة النساء)

(37) Book of prevention of bloodshed (كتاب تحريم الدم)

(38) Book of distribution of fay  (كتاب قسم الفىء

(39) Book of trading  (كتاب البيعة)

(40) Book of Aqiqah  (كتاب العقيقة)

(41) Book of Sacrifice of Fara & Atira  (كتاب الفرع والعتيرة)

(42) Book of  Hunting and slaughtering (كتاب الصيد والذبائح)

(43) Book of Sacrifice  (كتاب الضحايا)

(44) Book of trading  (كتاب البيوع)

(45) Book of Oaths and blood money  (كتاب القسامة)

(46) Book of Cutting off hand of thief (كتاب قطع السارق)

(47) Book of Faith and its signs (كتاب الإيمان وشرائعه)

(48) Book of Adornment  (كتاب الزينة من السنن)

(49) Book of  etiquette of Judges (كتاب آداب القضاة)

(50) Book of seeking refuge in Allah  (كتاب الاستعاذة)

(51) Book of drinks  (كتاب الأشربة)

  

 

BOOK # 1 - PURIFICATION

 كتاب الطهارة

 

The translation of Ahadith and their explanations, in the light of Quran and Sunnah, are provided below.  First, the content of the Hadith is provided in Arabic,  followed by its translation in English and then, wherever necessary,  explanation has been provided to help readers understand the Hadith in its proper perspective. 

 

CHAPTER (1)

باب تَأْوِيلِ قَوْلِهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏{‏ إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ ‏}‏

Interpreting the saying of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) - When you intend to offer Salah, wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to elbows.] (Al-Ma'ida - 6)
 

Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 001

أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا اسْتَيْقَظَ أَحَدُكُمْ مِنْ نَوْمِهِ فَلاَ يَغْمِسْ يَدَهُ فِي وَضُوئِهِ حَتَّى يَغْسِلَهَا ثَلاَثًا فَإِنَّ أَحَدَكُمْ لاَ يَدْرِي أَيْنَ بَاتَتْ يَدُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When any one of you wakes up from sleep, let him not dip his hand in (the container of water he uses for) his Wudu' until he has washed it three times, for none of you knows where his hand spent the night.'
 
 

CHAPTER (2)

باب السِّوَاكِ إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ

Using Siwak when getting up in the night.  
 

Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 002

أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَقُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا قَامَ مِنَ اللَّيْلِ يَشُوصُ فَاهُ بِالسِّوَاكِ ‏

It was narrated that Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Whenever the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) got up at night, he would brush his mouth (teeth) with the Siwak.'
 
Siwak is teeth cleaning twig made from Salvadora persica tree.  In Arabic, it is known as 'arak', أراك .
 
 

CHAPTER (3)

باب كَيْفَ يَسْتَاكُ

How to use the Siwak 
  
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 003
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ زَيْدٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا غَيْلاَنُ بْنُ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي بُرْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، قَالَ دَخَلْتُ عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُوَ يَسْتَنُّ وَطَرَفُ السِّوَاكِ عَلَى لِسَانِهِ وَهُوَ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ عَأْعَأْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he was using the Siwak, and the end of the Siwak was on his tongue, and he was saying, 'A','a'.
 
 

CHAPTER (4)

باب هَلْ يَسْتَاكُ الإِمَامُ بِحَضْرَةِ رَعِيَّتِهِ 

How to use the Siwak 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 004
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ سَعِيدٍ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا قُرَّةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ هِلاَلٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بُرْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، قَالَ أَقْبَلْتُ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَعِي رَجُلاَنِ مِنَ الأَشْعَرِيِّينَ أَحَدُهُمَا عَنْ يَمِينِي وَالآخَرُ عَنْ يَسَارِي وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَسْتَاكُ فَكِلاَهُمَا سَأَلَ الْعَمَلَ قُلْتُ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَكَ بِالْحَقِّ نَبِيًّا مَا أَطْلَعَانِي عَلَى مَا فِي أَنْفُسِهِمَا وَمَا شَعَرْتُ أَنَّهُمَا يَطْلُبَانِ الْعَمَلَ فَكَأَنِّي أَنْظُرُ إِلَى سِوَاكِهِ تَحْتَ شَفَتِهِ قَلَصَتْ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّا لاَ - أَوْ لَنْ - نَسْتَعِينَ عَلَى الْعَمَلِ مَنْ أَرَادَهُ وَلَكِنِ اذْهَبْ أَنْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَبَعَثَهُ عَلَى الْيَمَنِ ثُمَّ أَرْدَفَهُ مُعَاذُ بْنُ جَبَلٍ رضى الله عنهما ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Burdah that Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he was using the Siwak and with me were two men of the Ash'aris - one on my right and the other on my left - who (suddenly) sought (from the Prophet - ) to be appointed as officials.  I said (to Prophet ) : 'By the One Who sent you as a Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with the truth, they did not tell me why they wanted to come with me and I did not realize that they would seek to be appointed as officials.' And I could see his Siwak beneath his lip, then it slipped and he said : 'We do not' - or; 'We will never appoint as an official anyone who seeks that.  Rather you should go.'  So he sent him (Abu Musa) to Yemen, then he sent Mu'adh bin Jabal to go after him. (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہما).
 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب التَّرْغِيبِ فِي السِّوَاكِ 

Encouragement to use the Siwak 
 
 
 Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 005
 
أَخْبَرَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، عَنْ يَزِيدَ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ زُرَيْعٍ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي عَتِيقٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي قَالَ، سَمِعْتُ عَائِشَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ السِّوَاكُ مَطْهَرَةٌ لِلْفَمِ مَرْضَاةٌ لِلرَّبِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Atiq said : 'My father told me: 'I heard Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) say, (narrating) from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : 'Siwak is a means of purification for the mouth and is pleasing to the Lord.'
 
 

CHAPTER (6)

باب الإِكْثَارِ فِي السِّوَاكِ ‏‏ 

Using Siwak is a great deal 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 006
 
أَخْبَرَنَا حُمَيْدُ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، وَعِمْرَانُ بْنُ مُوسَى، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَارِثِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبُ بْنُ الْحَبْحَابِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ قَدْ أَكْثَرْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي السِّوَاكِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'I have indeed urged you (all) with regard to Siwak.'
 
 

CHAPTER (7)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي السِّوَاكِ بِالْعَشِيِّ لِلصَّائِمِ ‏‏ 

Permiting the use of Siwak in the afternoon for the one who is fasting
 
  
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 007
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَوْلاَ أَنْ أَشُقَّ عَلَى أُمَّتِي لأَمَرْتُهُمْ بِالسِّوَاكِ عِنْدَ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
  
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Were it not that it would be too difficult for my Ummah, I would have commanded them to use Siwak at (the time of) every Salah.'
 
 

CHAPTER (8)

باب السِّوَاكِ فِي كُلِّ حِينٍ ‏‏ 

Using Siwak at all time
 
  
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 008
 
 أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ خَشْرَمٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عِيسَى، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ يُونُسَ - عَنْ مِسْعَرٍ، عَنِ الْمِقْدَامِ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ شُرَيْحٍ - عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قُلْتُ لِعَائِشَةَ بِأَىِّ شَىْءٍ كَانَ يَبْدَأُ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا دَخَلَ بَيْتَهُ قَالَتْ بِالسِّوَاكِ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Al-Miqdam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : I said to Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا): 'What did the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) start with, when he entered his house?' She said : 'the Siwak'.
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

باب ذِكْرِ الْفِطْرَةِ - الاِخْتِتَانُ 

The nature of Human beings - Circumcision 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 009
 
أَخْبَرَنَا الْحَارِثُ بْنُ مِسْكِينٍ، قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ، عَنِ ابْنِ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْفِطْرَةُ خَمْسٌ الاِخْتِتَانُ وَالاِسْتِحْدَادُ وَقَصُّ الشَّارِبِ وَتَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَنَتْفُ الإِبْطِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : the Fitrah are five : (i) Circumcision, (ii) removing the pubic hairs, (iii) trimming the mustache, (iv) clipping the nails, and (v) plucking the armpit hairs.'
 
 

CHAPTER (10)

باب تَقْلِيمِ الأَظْفَارِ 

Clipping the nails  
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 010
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْمُعْتَمِرُ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مَعْمَرًا، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ خَمْسٌ مِنَ الْفِطْرَةِ قَصُّ الشَّارِبِ وَنَتْفُ الإِبْطِ وَتَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَالاِسْتِحْدَادُ وَالْخِتَانُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : the Fitrah are five : (i) trimming the mustache, (ii) plucking the armpit hairs, (iii) clipping the nails, (iv) removing the pubic hairs, and  (v) Circumcision.
 
 

CHAPTER (11)

باب نَتْفِ الإِبْطِ 

Plucking the armpit hairs
  
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 011
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ خَمْسٌ مِنَ الْفِطْرَةِ الْخِتَانُ وَحَلْقُ الْعَانَةِ وَنَتْفُ الإِبْطِ وَتَقْلِيمُ الأَظْفَارِ وَأَخْذُ الشَّارِبِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : the Fitrah are five : (i) Circumcision, (ii) shaving the pubic hairs, (iii) plucking the armpit hairs, (iv) clipping the nails, and  (v) taking from (trimming) the mustache. 
 
Explanation
 
Fitra (الْفِطْرَةُ) means 'intrinsic/primordial nature of human beings. The above Hadith confirms that, as per human nature,  the above 5 cleaning issues are important.  There are many health benefits in it. We will not go into details here. The modern science has confirmed that all these are essential to maintain good health. '
 
 

CHAPTER (12)

باب حَلْقِ الْعَانَةِ 

Shaving the pubes
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 012
 
أَخْبَرَنَا الْحَارِثُ بْنُ مِسْكِينٍ، قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ، عَنِ ابْنِ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ حَنْظَلَةَ بْنِ أَبِي سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ الْفِطْرَةُ قَصُّ الأَظْفَارِ وَأَخْذُ الشَّارِبِ وَحَلْقُ الْعَانَةِ ‏
 
It was narrated from Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : the deeds connected to the Fitrah are : (i) Clipping the nails, (ii) removing the mustache, and  (iii) shaving the pubic hairs.
 
 

CHAPTER (13)

باب قَصِّ الشَّارِبِ 

Trimming the Moustache
 
 
 
 Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 013
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبِيدَةُ بْنُ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ يُوسُفَ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ، عَنْ حَبِيبِ بْنِ يَسَارٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَرْقَمَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ لَمْ يَأْخُذْ شَارِبَهُ فَلَيْسَ مِنَّا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Zaid bin Arqam (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever does not trim his mustache,  is not from one of us.'
 
 

CHAPTER (14)

باب التَّوْقِيتِ فِي ذَلِكَ 

The time limit for that
 
 
 Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 014
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا جَعْفَرٌ، - هُوَ ابْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ - عَنْ أَبِي عِمْرَانَ الْجَوْنِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ وَقَّتَ لَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي قَصِّ الشَّارِبِ وَتَقْلِيمِ الأَظْفَارِ وَحَلْقِ الْعَانَةِ وَنَتْفِ الإِبْطِ أَنْ لاَ نَتْرُكَ أَكْثَرَ مِنْ أَرْبَعِينَ يَوْمًا ‏.‏ وَقَالَ مَرَّةً أُخْرَى أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةً ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : A time limit was set for us, by the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) regarding trimming the mustache, clipping the nails and plucking the pubic hairs; we were not to leave that for more than forty days.  On one occasion he said: 'Forty nights.'
 
 

CHAPTER (15)

باب إِحْفَاءِ الشَّارِبِ وَإِعْفَاءِ اللِّحَى  

Trimming the mustache and letting the beard grow 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 015
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، - هُوَ ابْنُ سَعِيدٍ - عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، أَخْبَرَنِي نَافِعٌ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ أَحْفُوا الشَّوَارِبَ وَأَعْفُوا اللِّحَى ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Trim the mustache and let the beard grow.'
 
 

CHAPTER (16)

باب الإِبْعَادِ عِنْدَ إِرَادَةِ الْحَاجَةِ  

Moving far away from everyone when relieving oneself
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 016
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ الْخَطْمِيُّ، عُمَيْرُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الْحَارِثُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، وَعُمَارَةُ بْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي قُرَادٍ، قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى الْخَلاَءِ وَكَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ الْحَاجَةَ أَبْعَدَ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abdur Rahman bin Abu Qurad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I went out with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to an isolated area, and when he wanted to relieve himself, he moved far away.'
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 017
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ بْنِ شُعْبَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ إِذَا ذَهَبَ الْمَذْهَبَ أَبْعَدَ قَالَ فَذَهَبَ لِحَاجَتِهِ - وَهُوَ فِي بَعْضِ أَسْفَارِهِ - فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ ائْتِنِي بِوَضُوءٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِوَضُوءٍ فَتَوَضَّأَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى الْخُفَّيْنِ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشَّيْخُ إِسْمَاعِيلُ هُوَ ابْنُ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ الْقَارِئُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Al-Mughirah bin Shu'bah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that when the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would go away (to relieve himself) he would go far away.  (Once) he went to relieve himself when he was on one of his journeys, and said : 'bring me (water for) Wudu'.  So I brought him (water for) Wudu', and he performed Wudu' and wiped over his footwear (socks) (الْخُفَّيْنِ).  Shaikh Isma'il (the author) said that  (one of the narrators) is Ibn Ja'far bin Abi Kathir. 
 
 

CHAPTER (17)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي تَرْكِ ذَلِكَ  

Allowing one not to do that
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 018
 
 أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ يُونُسَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا الأَعْمَشُ، عَنْ شَقِيقٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أَمْشِي مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَانْتَهَى إِلَى سُبَاطَةِ قَوْمٍ فَبَالَ قَائِمًا فَتَنَحَّيْتُ عَنْهُ فَدَعَانِي وَكُنْتُ عِنْدَ عَقِبَيْهِ حَتَّى فَرَغَ ثُمَّ تَوَضَّأَ وَمَسَحَ عَلَى خُفَّيْهِ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I was walking with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he came (nearby) some people's garbage dump and urinated while standing up.  I turned to go away, but he called me back (to conceal him), and I was just behind him. Then, when he had finished, he performed Wudu and wiped over his footwear (socks) (خُفَّيْهِ).
 
Explanation

It is in Hadith -   حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَخْبَرَنَا شَرِيكٌ، عَنِ الْمِقْدَامِ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ مَنْ حَدَّثَكُمْ أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَبُولُ قَائِمًا فَلاَ تُصَدِّقُوهُ مَا كَانَ يَبُولُ إِلاَّ قَاعِدًا   [Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : 'Whoever tells you that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to urinate standing up, do not believe him.  He only urinated sitting down.'   (Tirmidhi)

How do we reconcile the above two Ahadith? 

It was sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to urinate  while sitting. He used to go far away from the public eye to attend the call of nature. This fact is unanimously accepted by all Aimma for the past 1400 years.

It is in Hadith -  أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو جَعْفَرٍ الْخَطْمِيُّ، عُمَيْرُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الْحَارِثُ بْنُ فُضَيْلٍ، وَعُمَارَةُ بْنُ خُزَيْمَةَ بْنِ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي قُرَادٍ، قَالَ خَرَجْتُ مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِلَى الْخَلاَءِ وَكَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ الْحَاجَةَ أَبْعَدَ ‏.‏   [ It was narrated that Abdur Rahman bin Abu Qurad (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I went out with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to an isolated area, and when he wanted to relieve himself, he moved far away.' (Nasai)

The above Hadith # 18  describes an exception to the Prophet's (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) usual practice.  The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was walking away when he had to attend the call of nature. Obviously, the kind of secluded clean place to sit for urinating was not  found there  except a garbage dump where people do not come often. He went nearby it to relieve himself standing and asked Hudhaifa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to give him cover from behind to avoid being noticed by any passerby. 

Thus, to sit down for urinating is Sunnah. And there is a provision to urinate standing in unavoidable circumstances.  On the basis of it, our fiqh scholars gave the ruling. To urinate while standing is 'Makrooh-e-tanzihi' (should be avoided as far as possible).  But it is not sin. This view is held by Imam Abu Hanifa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and is supported by all other Ai'mma.

 

CHAPTER (18)

باب الْقَوْلِ عِنْدَ دُخُولِ الْخَلاَءِ  

What to say when entering the toilet

   

Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 019
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ صُهَيْبٍ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم إِذَا دَخَلَ الْخَلاَءَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) entered (the area of) toilet and said: اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْخُبُثِ وَالْخَبَائِثِ  [O'Allah, I seek refuge with You from male and female devils'.]
 
 

CHAPTER (19)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنِ اسْتِقْبَالِ الْقِبْلَةِ، عِنْدَ الْحَاجَةِ  

The prohibition of facing the Qibla when relieving oneself
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 020
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، وَالْحَارِثُ بْنُ مِسْكِينٍ، قِرَاءَةً عَلَيْهِ وَأَنَا أَسْمَعُ، وَاللَّفْظُ، لَهُ عَنِ ابْنِ الْقَاسِمِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي مَالِكٌ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ رَافِعِ بْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيَّ، وَهُوَ بِمِصْرَ يَقُولُ وَاللَّهِ مَا أَدْرِي كَيْفَ أَصْنَعُ بِهَذِهِ الْكَرَايِيسِ وَقَدْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا ذَهَبَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الْغَائِطِ أَوِ الْبَوْلِ فَلاَ يَسْتَقْبِلِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلاَ يَسْتَدْبِرْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Rafi' bin Ishaq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say when he was in Egypt : 'By Allah, I do not know what I should do with these  toilets. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When any one of you goes to defecate or urinate, let him not face towards Qiblah, nor turn his back towards it.'
 
 

CHAPTER (20)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنِ اسْتِدْبَارِ الْقِبْلَةِ، عِنْدَ الْحَاجَةِ  

The prohibition of turning one's  back towards Qibla when relieving oneself
  
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 021
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لاَ تَسْتَقْبِلُوا الْقِبْلَةَ وَلاَ تَسْتَدْبِرُوهَا لِغَائِطٍ أَوْ بَوْلٍ وَلَكِنْ شَرِّقُوا أَوْ غَرِّبُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Do not face towards the Qiblah nor turn your backs toward it when defecating or urinating, rather face toward the east or the west."
 
 

CHAPTER (21)

باب الأَمْرِ بِاسْتِقْبَالِ الْمَشْرِقِ أَوِ الْمَغْرِبِ عِنْدَ الْحَاجَةِ ‏‏   

The command to face towards the East or West when relieving oneself
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 022
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا غُنْدَرٌ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي أَيُّوبَ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَتَى أَحَدُكُمُ الْغَائِطَ فَلاَ يَسْتَقْبِلِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلَكِنْ لِيُشَرِّقْ أَوْ لِيُغَرِّبْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When any one of you goes to defecate, let him not face toward Qiblah, rather let him face towards the east or the west.'
 
 

CHAPTER (22)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي ذَلِكَ فِي الْبُيُوتِ ‏‏   

Allowing that in houses
 
 
 Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 023
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنْ عَمِّهِ، وَاسِعِ بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ لَقَدِ ارْتَقَيْتُ عَلَى ظَهْرِ بَيْتِنَا فَرَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى لَبِنَتَيْنِ مُسْتَقْبِلَ بَيْتِ الْمَقْدِسِ لِحَاجَتِهِ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : I climbed on the roof of our house and saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on two bricks, facing towards Jerusalem, relieving himself.'
 
 

CHAPTER (23)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنْ مَسِّ الذَّكَرِ، بِالْيَمِينِ عِنْدَ الْحَاجَةِ   

The prohibition of touching one's penis with the right hand when relieving oneself
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 024
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ دُرُسْتَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو إِسْمَاعِيلَ، - وَهُوَ الْقَنَّادُ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا بَالَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلاَ يَأْخُذْ ذَكَرَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from his father, that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When any one of you urinates, let him not hold his penis in his right hand.'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 025
 
أَخْبَرَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنْ وَكِيعٍ، عَنْ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى، - هُوَ ابْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ - عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا دَخَلَ أَحَدُكُمُ الْخَلاَءَ فَلاَ يَمَسَّ ذَكَرَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ ‏
 
 It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When any one of you enters the toilet, let him not touch his penis with his right hand.'
 
 

CHAPTER (24)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي الْبَوْلِ فِي الصَّحْرَاءِ قَائِمًا ‏‏    

Allowing one to urinate while standing in a desolate area
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 026
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُؤَمَّلُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ حُذَيْفَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتَى سُبَاطَةَ قَوْمٍ فَبَالَ قَائِمًا ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to some people's garbage dump and urinated while standing.

 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 027
 
It was narrated that Mansur said : "I heard Abu Wa'il (say) that Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to some people's garbage dump and urinated while standing.'
 
 
 Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 028
 
It was narrated from Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went to some people's garbage dump and urinated while standing. In his narration, Sulaiman bin 'Ubaidullah said : "And he wiped over his Khuffs," but Mansur did not mention the wiping (in this route. ( Shu'bah narrated it from both Sulaiman and Mansur.)
 
 

CHAPTER (25)

باب الْبَوْلِ فِي الْبَيْتِ جَالِسًا ‏‏    

Squatting, while urinating in the house
 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "Whoever tells you that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) urinated standing up, do not believe him, for he would not urinate except while squatting."
 
 
It was narrated that Abdur Rahman bin Hasanah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to us with a small leather shield in his hand. He put it down, then he sat behind it and urinated toward it. Some of the people said : 'Look, he is urinating like a woman.' He heard that and said : 'Do you not know what happened to the companion of the Children of Israel? If they got any urine on themselves they would clip that part of their garments off. Their companion told them not to do that and he was punished in his grave."
 
Imam Abu Dawood has also mentioned this Hadith in his Sunan,  Vol 1,  Bk 1, Hadith # 022, where we have provided an explanation about it.  
  
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 031
 
أَخْبَرَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنْ وَكِيعٍ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ مُجَاهِدًا، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ طَاوُسٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ مَرَّ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَلَى قَبْرَيْنِ فَقَالَ ‏"‏ إِنَّهُمَا يُعَذَّبَانِ وَمَا يُعَذَّبَانِ فِي كَبِيرٍ أَمَّا هَذَا فَكَانَ لاَ يَسْتَنْزِهُ مِنْ بَوْلِهِ وَأَمَّا هَذَا فَإِنَّهُ كَانَ يَمْشِي بِالنَّمِيمَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ دَعَا بِعَسِيبٍ رَطْبٍ فَشَقَّهُ بِاثْنَيْنِ فَغَرَسَ عَلَى هَذَا وَاحِدًا وَعَلَى هَذَا وَاحِدًا ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏"‏ لَعَلَّهُ يُخَفَّفُ عَنْهُمَا مَا لَمْ يَيْبَسَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ خَالَفَهُ مَنْصُورٌ رَوَاهُ عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَلَمْ يَذْكُرْ طَاوُسًا ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) passed by two graves and said : 'These two are being punished, but they are not being punished for something that was difficult to avoid. As for this, he did not to take precautions to avoid (his body and clothes being soiled by) urine, and this one used to walk around spreading malicious gossip.'  Then he called for a fresh palm-leaf stalk and split it in two, and placed one piece on each of the two graves. They said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), why did you do that?' He said: 'Perhaps the torment will be reduced for them so long as this does not dry out.'" Mansur Contradicted him, he reported it from Mujahid from ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) but he did not mention narrator Tawus (عَنْ طَاوُسٍ) in it.
 
 
It was narrated that Umaimah bint Ruqaiqah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had a vessel made from a date tree in which he would urinate and place it under the bed."
 
 
 
It was narrated that  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "They say that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) made a will for Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) but he called for a basin in which to urinate, then he went flaccid suddenly (and died), so how could he leave a will?!"  The Shaikh said : Azhar (one of the narrators) is Ibn Sa'd As-Samman. 
 
 

CHAPTER (30)

باب كَرَاهِيَةِ الْبَوْلِ فِي الْجُحْرِ  ‏‏   

It is disliked to urinate in a burrow in the ground  
 
 
 
It was narrated from Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from 'Abdullah bin Sarjis (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "None of you should urinate into a burrow in the ground." They said to Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "Why is it disliked to urinate into a burrow in the ground?" He said: "It is said that these are dwelling places of the jinn."
 
 

CHAPTER (31)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنِ الْبَوْلِ، فِي الْمَاءِ الرَّاكِدِ   

The prohibition of urinating in a still (not flowing) water 
 
 
 
It was narrated from Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade urinating into standing/still water.

 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "None of you should urinate in the place where he bathes, for evil thoughts (وَساوِس) come from that. 
 
 

CHAPTER (33)

باب السَّلاَمِ عَلَى مَنْ يَبُولُ    

Greeting the one who is urinating
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A man passed by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he was urinating and greeted him with Salam, but he did not return his greeting."
 
 
 
It was narrated from Al-Muhajir bin Qunfudh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he greeted the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with Salam while he was urinating, and he did not return the greeting until he had performed Wudu'. When he had performed Wudu' he returned the greeting.
 

 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَمْرِو بْنِ السَّرْحِ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي يُونُسُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ بْنِ سَنَّةَ الْخُزَاعِيِّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مَسْعُودٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَهَى أَنْ يَسْتَطِيبَ أَحَدُكُمْ بِعَظْمٍ أَوْ رَوْثٍ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade cleaning oneself with bones or dung.
 

CHAPTER (36)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنْ الاِسْتِطَابَةِ، بِالرَّوْثِ    

The prohibition of cleaning oneself with dung
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ سَعِيدٍ - عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَجْلاَنَ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الْقَعْقَاعُ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّمَا أَنَا لَكُمْ مِثْلُ الْوَالِدِ أُعَلِّمُكُمْ إِذَا ذَهَبَ أَحَدُكُمْ إِلَى الْخَلاَءِ فَلاَ يَسْتَقْبِلِ الْقِبْلَةَ وَلاَ يَسْتَدْبِرْهَا وَلاَ يَسْتَنْجِ بِيَمِينِهِ ‏"‏ وَكَانَ يَأْمُرُ بِثَلاَثَةِ أَحْجَارٍ وَنَهَى عَنِ الرَّوْثِ وَالرِّمَّةِ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "I am like a father teaching you. When any one of you goes to  toilet, let him not face toward the Qiblah nor turn his back toward it, and let him not clean himself with his right hand." And he used to tell them to use three stones, and he forbade using dung or old bones.
 
 

CHAPTER (37)

باب النَّهْىِ عَنْ الاِكْتِفَاءِ، فِي الاِسْتِطَابَةِ بِأَقَلَّ مِنْ ثَلاَثَةِ أَحْجَارٍ     

The prohibition of using less than 3 stones to clean oneself
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 041
 
It was narrated that Salman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, that a man said to him : "Your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) even teaches you how to go to the toilet!" He said: "Yes, he forbade us from facing the Qiblah when defecating or urinating, or cleaning ourselves with our right hand, or to use less than three stones."
 
 

CHAPTER (38)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي الاِسْتِطَابَةِ بِحَجَرَيْنِ     

Allowing (the usage of) two stones for cleaning
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 042
 
 
Abdur-Rahman bin Al-Aswad narrated from his father that he heard  Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) wanted to defecate, and he told me to bring him three stones. I found two stones and looked for a third, but I could not find any, so I picked up a piece of dung and brought them to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He took the two stones and threw away the dung and said : "This is filth."  Abu 'Abdur-Rahman (An-Nasai') said : Riks is the food of the jinn.

 

CHAPTER (39)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ فِي الاِسْتِطَابَةِ بِحَجَرٍ وَاحِدٍ     

Allowing (the usage of) one stones for cleaning
 
 
It was narrated from Salamah bin Qais (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When you clean yourselves (with stones, after defecating), use an odd number."
 
 

CHAPTER (40)

باب الاِجْتِزَاءِ فِي الاِسْتِطَابَةِ بِالْحِجَارَةِ دُونَ غَيْرِهَا 

Permitting (the usage of) stones for cleaning without anything else
 
It was narrated from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When any one of you goes to the  toilet (to defecate), let him take with him three stones and clean himself with them, for that will suffice him."
 
 

 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would go to toilet, I and another boy (like me) would bring a small leather vessel of water and he would clean himself with water."
 
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "Tell your husbands to clean themselves with water, for I am too shy to tell them myself. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to do that."
 
It was narrated from Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When any one of you drinks, let him not breathe into the vessel, and when he goes to the toilet let him not touch his penis with his right hand, nor wipe himself with right hand."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 048
 
It was narrated from Ibn Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from his father, that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbade breathing into the vessel (when drinking), touching one's penis with one's right hand, and cleaning oneself with one's right hand.

 
 
It was narrated that Salman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The idolators said: 'We see that your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) teaches you how to go to the toilet.' He said : 'Yes, he forbade us from cleaning ourselves with our right hand, and from facing toward the Qiblah, and he said : 'None of you should clean with less than three stones.'
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Wudu', and when he had performed Istinja' he rubbed his hand on the ground.

 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 051
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ حَرْبٍ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الْبَجَلِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ جَرِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ كُنْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَتَى الْخَلاَءَ فَقَضَى الْحَاجَةَ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ يَا جَرِيرُ هَاتِ طَهُورًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَأَتَيْتُهُ بِالْمَاءِ فَاسْتَنْجَى بِالْمَاءِ وَقَالَ بِيَدِهِ فَدَلَكَ بِهَا الأَرْضَ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ هَذَا أَشْبَهُ بِالصَّوَابِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ شَرِيكٍ وَاللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى أَعْلَمُ ‏.
 
Ibrahim bin Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : "I was with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he went to  toilet and relieved himself, then he said: "O Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), bring Tahur (a means of purification)." So I brought him some water and he performed Intinja with water, and did like this with hand, rubbing it on the ground.  Abu 'Abdur-Rahman (An-Nasa'i) said : "This resembles more with what is correct than the (previous) narration of Sharik, and Allah knows best."
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، وَالْحُسَيْنُ بْنُ حُرَيْثٍ، عَنْ أَبِي أُسَامَةَ، عَنِ الْوَلِيدِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سُئِلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنِ الْمَاءِ وَمَا يَنُوبُهُ مِنَ الدَّوَابِّ وَالسِّبَاعِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا كَانَ الْمَاءُ قُلَّتَيْنِ لَمْ يَحْمِلِ الْخَبَثَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked about water and how some animals and carnivorous beasts might drink from it. He said : 'If the water is more than two Qullahs, it will not carry filth.'" [A Qullah is equal to (approximately) 50 Qirbahs (waterskins)].
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A Bedouin urinated in the Masjid, and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) ordered that a bucket (of water be brought) and poured over it."
 
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A Bedouin came to the Masjid and urinated, and the people yelled at him, but the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Leave him alone.' So they left him alone. When he had finished urinating, he ordered that a bucket (of water be brought) and poured over it."
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A Bedouin stood up and urinated in the Masjid, and the people started shouting. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to them: 'Leave him alone, and spill a bucket of water over his urine. For you have been sent to make things easy for people, you have not been sent to make things difficult.'"
 
Still water
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "None of you should urinate into a still water and then perform Wudu' with it."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'None of you should urinate in still water and perform Ghusl with it.'"
 
Imam an-Nasa'i said : "Ya'qub would not narrate this Hadith except for a Dinar."  Ya'qub bin Ibrahim Ad-Dawrqi.  The meaning is that he (Yaqub) held the view that it is permissible to accept payment for narrating (Ahadith) which is contrary to many others.
 
 
Sea water
 
 
Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A man asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we travel by sea and we take a little water with us, but if we use it for Wudu', we will go thirsty. Can we perform Wudu', with sea-water?' The Apostle of Allah () said: 'Its water is a means of purification and its dead meat (fish) is permissible.'
 
 Wudu with snow
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) started Salah, he would remain silent for a short while. I said: 'May my father and mother be ransomed for you, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! What do you say when you remain silent between the Takbir and the recitation (in the Salah)?' He said : 'I say - اللَّهُمَّ بَاعِدْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ خَطَايَاىَ كَمَا بَاعَدْتَ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ اللَّهُمَّ نَقِّنِي مِنْ خَطَايَاىَ كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي مِنْ خَطَايَاىَ بِالثَّلْجِ وَالْمَاءِ وَالْبَرَدِ  [ O' Allah, make a great distance between me and my (possible) mistakes, as great as the distance You have made between the East and the West; O' Allah, cleanse me of the (possible) mistakes as a white garment is cleansed from filth; Wash away my mistakes with snow, water, and hail."]
 
 
Wudu with water from snow
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say - اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْ خَطَايَاىَ بِمَاءِ الثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ وَنَقِّ قَلْبِي مِنَ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا نَقَّيْتَ الثَّوْبَ الأَبْيَضَ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ  [O' Allah, wash away my (possible) mistakes with the water of snow and hail, and cleanse my heart of these as a white garment is cleansed of filth.]
 
 Wudu with water of Hail
 
 
 
'Awf bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) offering the (funeral) prayer for one who had died, and I heard him say in his supplication -  اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ وَعَافِهِ وَاعْفُ عَنْهُ وَأَكْرِمْ نُزُلَهُ وَأَوْسِعْ مُدْخَلَهُ وَاغْسِلْهُ بِالْمَاءِ وَالثَّلْجِ وَالْبَرَدِ وَنَقِّهِ مِنَ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ [ O' Allah, forgive him and have mercy on him, keep him safe and sound and forgive him, honor the place where he settles and make his entrance wide; wash him with water and snow and hail, and cleanse him of sin as a white garment is cleansed of dirt.]
 
 What is left over from a dog
 
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "If a dog drinks from the vessel of one of you, let him wash it seven times."
 

 
Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the freed slave of 'Abdur-Rahman bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that he heard Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him wash it seven times.'"
 

 
A similar Hadith was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with a different chain.
 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'If a dog licks the vessel of any one of you, let him throw (the contents) away and wash it seven times.'"
 
Imam an-Nasa'i said : I do not know any one who followed Ali bin Mushir in narrating it with : "Let him throw it away."
 
 

CHAPTER (53)

باب تَعْفِيرِ الإِنَاءِ الَّذِي وَلَغَ فِيهِ الْكَلْبُ بِالتُّرَابِ   

Rubbing a vessel licked by a dog with dust
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Al-Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded that dogs be killed, but he made an exception for hunting dogs and sheepdogs and said : "If a dog licks a vessel then wash it seven times, and rub it the eighth time with dust."
 
 

CHAPTER (54)

باب سُؤْرِ الْهِرَّةِ   

Leftovers of a cat
 
 
 
It was narrated from Kabshah bint Ka'b bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to her, then she narrated the following : "I poured some water from him for Wudu', and a cat came and drank from it, so he tilted the vessel for it to drink." Kabshah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said: "He saw me looking at him and said : 'Are you surprised, O daughter of my brother?' I said : 'Yes.' He said: 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: They are not impure, rather they are among the males and females (animals) who go around among you."
 
 

CHAPTER (55)

باب سُؤْرِ الْحِمَارِ   

Leftovers of a donkey
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "An announcer came to us from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said: 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) forbid you from (eating) the flesh of domestic donkeys, for it is filth.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (56)

باب سُؤْرِ الْحَائِضِ   

Leftovers of a menstruating woman
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا)  said : "While I was menstruating, I would nibble meat from a bone, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would put his mouth where mine had been. And while I was menstruating, I would drink from a vessel and he would put his mouth where mine had been."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (57)

باب وُضُوءِ الرِّجَالِ وَالنِّسَاءِ جَمِيعًا   

Men and women performing Wudu together
 

 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Men and women used to perform Wudu' together during the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 
 

CHAPTER (58)

باب فَضْلِ الْجُنُبِ   

The water leftover from the Junub person
 
 
 
It was narrated from Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that she used to perform Ghusl with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from a single vessel.
 
 

CHAPTER (59)

باب الْقَدْرِ الَّذِي يَكْتَفِي بِهِ الرَّجُلُ مِنَ الْمَاءِ لِلْوُضُوءِ   

The amount of water sufficient for a man's Wudu

 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Jabr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform Wudu' with a Makkuk (cup) and Ghusl with five Makkuks (cups).'"
 
 
 
It was narrated from Shu'bah that Habib said : "I heard 'Abbad bin Tamim narrate from my grandmother - who was Umm 'Umarah bint Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) - that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Wudu', and he was brought a vessel in which there were two-thirds of a Mudd." Shu'bah said (the grandmother recalled) : "I remember that he washed his forearms and started rubbing them, and he wiped the inside of his ear, but I do not remember whether he wiped the outside of them."
 
 

CHAPTER (60)

باب النِّيَّةِ فِي الْوُضُوءِ   

The intention for Wudu
 

 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Actions are only done with intentions, and every man shall have what he intended. Thus he whose emigration was for Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), his emigration was for Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and His Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and he whose emigration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his emigration was for that which he intended."
 
 

CHAPTER (61)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مِنَ الإِنَاءِ   

Wudu using a vessel
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 076 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَحَانَتْ صَلاَةُ الْعَصْرِ فَالْتَمَسَ النَّاسُ الْوَضُوءَ فَلَمْ يَجِدُوهُ فَأُتِيَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِوَضُوءٍ فَوَضَعَ يَدَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الإِنَاءِ وَأَمَرَ النَّاسَ أَنْ يَتَوَضَّئُوا فَرَأَيْتُ الْمَاءَ يَنْبُعُ مِنْ تَحْتِ أَصَابِعِهِ حَتَّى تَوَضَّئُوا مِنْ عِنْدِ آخِرِهِمْ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when the time for 'Asr prayer had come. The people looked for (water for) Wudu' but they could not find any. Then some (water for) Wudu' was brought to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He put his hand in that vessel and told the people to perform Wudu', and I saw water springing from beneath his fingers, until they had all performed Wudu'."
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and they could not find any water. A vessel was brought to him and he put his hand in it, and I saw water springing from between his fingers. He said : 'Come to a means of purification and a blessing from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ)." (One of the narrators) Al-A'mash (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "Salim bin Abi Al-Ja'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told me: I said to Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "How many were you that day?' He said: "One thousand five hundred."
 
 

CHAPTER (62)

باب التَّسْمِيَةِ عِنْدَ الْوُضُوءِ   

Saying Bismillah when performing Wudu
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Some of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) were looking for (water for) Wudu'. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Do any of you have water?' He put his hand in the water and said : 'Perform Wudu' in the Name of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ).' I saw the water coming out from between his fingers until they had all performed Wudu'." Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I said to Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'How many did you see?' He said: 'About seventy.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (63)

باب صَبِّ الْخَادِمِ الْمَاءَ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ لِلْوُضُوءِ ‏‏    

A servant pouring water for a man for Wudu
 

 
It was narrated from 'Urwah bin Al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he heard his father say : "I poured water for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when he performed Wudu' during the battle of Tabuk, and he wiped over his Khuff."
 
 

CHAPTER (64)

باب الْوُضُوءِ مَرَّةً مَرَّةً ‏‏    

Washing each part once in Wudu
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Shall I not tell you of the Wudu' of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)? He performed Wudu' by washing each part once."
 
 

CHAPTER (65)

باب الْوُضُوءِ ثَلاَثًا ثَلاَثًا ‏‏    

Washing each part three times in Wudu
 

 
Al-Muttalib bin Abdullah bin Hantab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) performed Wudu', washing each part of the body three times, and he attributed that to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).
 
 

CHAPTER (66)

باب صِفَةِ الْوُضُوءِ - غَسْلُ الْكَفَّيْنِ  ‏‏    

Description of Wudu -  washing  the hands

 
Al-Mughirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on a journey, and he tapped me on the back with a stick he had with him, then he turned off (route) and I turned off with him until he came to such and such area. Then he made his camel stop and went away until he disappeared from me, then he came back and said : 'Do you have water with you?' I had a water skin with me, so I brought it out and poured it for him. He washed his hands and face and began to wash his arms, but he was wearing a Syrian Cloak that had narrow sleeves, so he brought his arms out from beneath the cloak and washed his hands and arms, and wiped his forelock a little and his turban a little." Ibn 'Awn (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I cannot remember it well,  then he wiped over his Khuffs." Then he said : 'What do you need?' I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), I do not need anything.' Then we came and 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was leading the people in Salah, and he had led them in one Rak'ah of the Fajr prayer. I wanted to tell him that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had arrived but he did not let me, so we prayed what we had caught up with and made up what we had missed.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (67)

باب كَمْ تُغْسَلاَنِ    

How many times different parts should be washed in Wudu
 

 
It was narrated from (Aws bin) Abi Aws (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his grandfather said : "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) trickle water into his hand until it started to drip from his hand, three times."
 
 

CHAPTER (68)

باب الْمَضْمَضَةِ وَالاِسْتِنْشَاقِ    

Rinsing the mouth and nose
 
 
 
It was narrated that Humran bin Aban (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I saw 'Uthman bin 'Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) performing Wudu'. He poured water on his hands three times and washed them, then he rinsed his mouth and his nose, then he washed his face three times, then he washed his right arm to the elbow three times, then the left likewise. Then he wiped his head, then he washed his right foot three times, then the left likewise. Then he said : 'I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing Wudu' like I have just done. Then he said : 'Whoever performs Wudu' as I have done, then prays two rak'a without letting his thoughts wander, his previous sins will be forgiven.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (69)

باب بِأَىِّ الْيَدَيْنِ يَتَمَضْمَضُ    

With which hand should one rinse the mouth
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 085
 
It was narrated from Humran (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he saw 'Uthman (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) call for (water for) Wudu', then he poured water on his hands from the vessel and washed them three times. Then he put his right hand in the water and rinsed his mouth and his nose. Then he washed his face three times, and his arms up to the elbow three times. Then he wiped his head, and washed each of his feet three times. Then he said : "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing Wudu' like I have just done." Then he said: "Whoever performs Wudu' as I have done, then stands and prays two Rak'a without letting his thoughts wander, his previous sins will be forgiven.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (70)

باب اتِّخَاذِ الاِسْتِنْشَاقِ

Rinsing the nose
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 086
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When any one of you performs Wudu', let him put water in his nose then blow it out."
 
 

CHAPTER (71)

باب الْمُبَالَغَةِ فِي الاِسْتِنْشَاقِ

Exaggeration in snuffing water into the nose
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 087
 
It was narrated from 'Asim bin Laqit bin Sabirah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "I said: 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), tell me about Wudu." He said: 'Perform Wudu' well, and exaggerate in sniffing water up into your nose, except when you are fasting.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (72)

باب الأَمْرِ بِالاِسْتِنْثَارِ

The command to blow water from the nose
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Whoever performs Wudu' then let him sniff water in the nose and blow it out, and whoever uses small stones (to remove filth after defecation) then make it odd (numbered)."
 

 
It was narrated from Salamah bin Qais (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When you perform Wudu', sniff water in your nose and blow it out, and when you use small stones (to remove filth after defecation), then make it off (numbered)."
 
 

CHAPTER (73)

باب الأَمْرِ بِالاِسْتِنْثَارِ عِنْدَ الاِسْتِيقَاظِ مِنَ النَّوْمِ

The command to sniff water up into the nose when waking from sleep
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When any one of you wakes from sleep to perform Wudu', then let him sniff water in his nose and blow it out three times, for the Satan spends the night on his nose."
 
 

CHAPTER (74)

باب بِأَىِّ الْيَدَيْنِ يَسْتَنْثِرُ

Which hand one should use to sniff water into the nose
 
 
 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called for (water for) Wudu', then he rinsed his mouth and nose, and he sniffed up water and blew it out using his left hand. He did that three times, then he said : "This is how the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) purified himself."
 
 

CHAPTER (75)

باب غَسْلِ الْوَجْهِ

Washing the face
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abd Khair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We came to  Hadhrat Ali bin Abi Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he had prayed. He called for water and we said: 'What is he going to do with it when he has (already) prayed? He only wants to teach us.' A vessel of water and a basin were brought to him. He poured some water onto his hand and washed it three times, then he rinsed his mouth and nose three times from the hand with which he took the water. Then he washed his face three times, and he washed his right hand three times, and his left hand three times, and wiped his head once, then he washed his right foot three times and his left foot three times. Then he said : 'Whoever would like to learn how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) did Wudu', this is it.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (76)

باب عَدَدِ غَسْلِ الْوَجْهِ

The number of times the face be washed
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 1, Hadith # 093
 
It was narrated from 'Abd Khair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that  Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was brought a chair, and he sat down on it, then he called for a vessel of water which he tilted onto his hand three times, then he rinsed his mouth and nose with one hand, three times, he washed his face three times, washed each forearm three times, and took some of the water and wiped his head. On one occasion (One of the narrators) Shu'bah, indicated (that he wiped) from his forelock to the back of his head, then said : "I do not know whether he brought his hands back or not. And he washed each foot three times, then he said: 'Whoever would like to see how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) purified himself, this is how he purified himself.'"
 
Imam Nasai said : "There is a mistake (in narration). What is correct is Khalid bin Alqamah, not Malik bin 'Urfutah."
 
 

CHAPTER (77)

باب غَسْلِ الْيَدَيْنِ

Washing the hands
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abd Khair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I saw Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) call for a chair and he sat down, then he called for water in a vessel and washed his hands three times, then he rinsed his mouth and nose with one hand, three times. Then he washed his face three times, and his hands three times. Then he dipped his hand in the vessel and wiped his head, then he washed each foot three times. Then he said : 'Whoever would like to see how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Wudu', this is his Wudu'.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (78)

باب صِفَةِ الْوُضُوءِ

The description of Wudu
 
 
 
Imam Husain bin Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "My father Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called me to bring (water for) Wudu', so I brought it to him, and he started by washing his hands three times, before putting them into the water. Then he rinsed his mouth three times and sniffed water into his nose and blew it out three times. Then he washed his face three times, then his right hand up to the elbow three times, then his left likewise. Then he wiped his head once then he washed his right foot up to the ankle three times, then the left likewise. Then he stood up and said: 'Pass me the vessel.' So I passed the vessel containing the remaining water for his Wudu' to him, and he drank from it standing up. I was surprised and when he noticed that he said: 'Do not be surprised, for I saw your father the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) doing,' referring to his Wudu' and drinking the leftover water while standing."
 
 

CHAPTER (79)

باب عَدَدِ غَسْلِ الْيَدَيْنِ

Number of times hands should be washed
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hayyah (Ibn Qais) said : "I saw Hadhrat Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) perform Wudu'. He washed his hands until they looked clean, then he rinsed his mouth three times and his nose three times, and he washed each forearm three times. Then he wiped his head, then he washed his feet up to the ankles. Then he stood up, took the left over water for his Wudu' and drank from it while standing. Then he said: 'I wanted to show you how the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Wudu'.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (80)

باب حَدِّ الْغَسْلِ

Limits of washing
 
 
 
It was narrated from 'Amr bin Yahya Al-Mazini (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said to 'Abdullah bin Zaid bin 'Asim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was one of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the grandfather of 'Amr bin Yahya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "Can you show me how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform Wudu'? 'Abdullah bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Yes. He called for (water for) Wudu' and poured some onto his hand, washing each hand twice. Then he rinsed his mouth and nose three times, then he washed his face three times, then he washed each hand twice, up to the elbow. Then he wiped his head with his hands, back and forth, starting at the front of his head and moving his hands to the nape of his neck, then bringing them back to the place he started. Then he washed his feet."
 
 

CHAPTER (81)

باب صِفَةِ مَسْحِ الرَّأْسِ

The description of wiping the head
 
 
 
It was narrated from 'Amr bin Yahya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said to 'Abdullah bin Zaid bin 'Asim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was one of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and the grandfather of 'Amr bin Yahya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "Can you show me how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform Wudu'? 'Abdullah bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, yes.  He called for (water for) Wudu' and poured some onto his right hand, washing his hands twice. Then he rinsed his mouth and nose three times, then washed his face three times, then he washed his hands twice, up to the elbows. Then he wiped his head with his hands, back and forth, starting at the front of his head and moving his hands to the nape of his neck, then bringing them back to the place he started. Then he washed his feet."
 
 

CHAPTER (82)

باب عَدَدِ مَسْحِ الرَّأْسِ

The number of times head to be wiped
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Zaid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who was shown the call to prayer (in a dream), said : "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) perform Wudu'; he washed his face three times and his hands twice, he washed his feet twice and wiped his head twice."
 
 

CHAPTER (83)

باب مَسْحِ الْمَرْأَةِ رَأْسَهَا

Women wiping their heads
 
 
 
Abu Abdullah Salim Sabalan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : Ummul Momineen 'Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) liked my honesty and hired me, and she showed me how the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to perform Wudu'. She rinsed her mouth, sniffed water into her nose and blew it out three times, and washed her face three times. Then she washed her right hand three times and her left hand three times. Then she put her hand on the front of her head and wiped her head once, front to back. Then she rubbed her ears with her hands, then she passed her hands over her cheeks." Salim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I came to her as a slave with a contract of manumission, and she did not hide herself from me. She would sit before me and talk to me, until I came to her one day and said: 'Pray for blessing for me, O Mother of Believers.' She said: 'Why is that?' I said: 'Allah has set me free.' She said: 'May Allah bless you.' Then she lowered the Hijab before me, and I never saw her again after that day."
 
 

CHAPTER (84)

باب مَسْحِ الأُذُنَيْنِ

Wiping the ears
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performing Wudu'. He washed his hands, then he rinsed his mouth and nose with one handful of water, washed his face, washed each hand once, and wiped his head and ears once." (One of the narrators) 'Abdul-'Aziz said: "Someone who heard from Ibn 'Ajlan told me that he said concerning that : 'And he washed his feet.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (85)

باب مَسْحِ الأُذُنَيْنِ مَعَ الرَّأْسِ وَمَا يُسْتَدَلُّ بِهِ عَلَى أَنَّهُمَا مِنَ الرَّأْسِ

Wiping the ears along with the Head, and the evidence that ears are part of the head
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) performed Wudu', and he scooped up one handful (of water) and rinsed his mouth and nose. Then he scooped up another handful and washed his face. Then he scooped up another handful and washed his right hand, then another handful and washed his left hand. Then he wiped his head and his ears, the inside with his forefinger and the outside with his thumb. Then he scooped up a handful of water and washed his right foot, and scooped up another handful and washed his left foot."
 
 
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah As-Sunabihi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When the believing servant  performs Wudu' and rinses his mouth, his sins come out from his mouth. When he sniffs water into his nose and blows it out, his sins come from his nose. When he washes his face, his sins come out from his face, even from beneath his eyelashes. When he washes his hands, his sins come out from his hands, even from beneath his fingernails. When he wipes his head, his sins come out from his head, even from his ears. When washes his feet, his sins come from his feet, even from beneath his toenails. Then his walking to the Masjid and his Salah will earn extra merit for him."