CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN AN-NASAI

 

VOLUME (1.10)

  

BOOK # 7 - THE CALL FOR PRAYERS

 كتاب الأذان

  

CHAPTER (1)

باب بَدْءِ الأَذَانِ‏

How the Adhan began

 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ الْحَسَنِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَنِي نَافِعٌ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ كَانَ يَقُولُ كَانَ الْمُسْلِمُونَ حِينَ قَدِمُوا الْمَدِينَةَ يَجْتَمِعُونَ فَيَتَحَيَّنُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَلَيْسَ يُنَادِي بِهَا أَحَدٌ فَتَكَلَّمُوا يَوْمًا فِي ذَلِكَ فَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمُ اتَّخِذُوا نَاقُوسًا مِثْلَ نَاقُوسِ النَّصَارَى ‏.‏ وَقَالَ بَعْضُهُمْ بَلْ قَرْنًا مِثْلَ قَرْنِ الْيَهُودِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ عُمَرُ رضى الله عنه أَوَلاَ تَبْعَثُونَ رَجُلاً يُنَادِي بِالصَّلاَةِ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ يَا بِلاَلُ قُمْ فَنَادِ بِالصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Nafi' narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say: "When the Muslims arrived in Madinah they used to gather and try to figure out the time for prayer, and no one gave the call to prayer. One day they spoke about that; some of them said: 'Let us use a bell like the Christians do;' others said, 'No, a horn like the Jews have.' 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  said : 'Why don't you send a man to announce the time of prayer?' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'O Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) get up and give the call to prayer.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (2)

باب تَثْنِيَةِ الأَذَانِ ‏

Saying the phrases  of the Adhan twice

 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْوَهَّابِ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَمَرَ بِلاَلاً أَنْ يَشْفَعَ الأَذَانَ وَأَنْ يُوتِرَ الإِقَامَةَ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to say the phrases of the Adhan twice and the phrases of the Iqamah once."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "At the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the phrases of the Adhan were said twice and the phrases of the Iqamah were said once, except that you should say -  قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ  ' قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ ‏  [prayer is about to begin, prayer is about to begin]."
 
 

CHAPTER (3)

باب خَفْضِ الصَّوْتِ فِي التَّرْجِيعِ فِي الأَذَانِ‏

Lowering the voice when saying some pharases of the Adhan the second time
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) sat him down and taught him the Adhan letter by letter. (One of the narrators) Ibrahim said, "It is like this Adhan of ours". I said : "Recite it to me." He said,  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ - [Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest], أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ -  [I bear witness that there is there is no God except Allah] - twice. Then  -  أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ  [ I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah] - twice. Then he said in a lower voice which those around him could here -  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [I bear witness that there is there is no God except Allah] - twice.  أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ[ I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah] - twice. Then - حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ [come to prayer] - twice;  حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ - [come to prosperity] - twice;  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ  [Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no God except Allah].
 
 

CHAPTER (4)

باب كَمِ الأَذَانُ مِنْ كَلِمَةٍ ‏

How many phrases are there in the Adhan
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught him the Adhan with nineteen phrases and the Iqimah with seventeen phrases, then Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) counted them as nineteen and seventeen.
 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب كَيْفَ الأَذَانُ  ‏

How is the wording of the Adhan
 
 

It was narrated that Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught me the Adhan and said -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ [ Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle Allah)'. Then he repeated it and said -  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [ I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle  of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah; Come to prayer, come to prayer; come to prosperity, come to prosperity; Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; there is no God except Allah].'"

 
'Abdul-'Aziz bin 'Abdul-Malik bin Abu Mahdhurah narrated that 'Abdullah bin Muhairiz - who was an orphan under the care of Abu Mahdhurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) until he prepared him to go to Syria - informed him : he said : "I said to Abu Mahdhurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'I am going to Syria and I am afraid that I will be asked about how you say the Adhan." 'He told me that Abu Mahdhurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him, I went out with a group of people and we were somewhere on the road to Hunain when the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was coming back from Hunain. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) met us somewhere on the road and the Muadh-dhin of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) called the Adhan for prayer in the presence of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). We heard the voice of the Muadh-dhin and we were careless about it (the Adhan), so we started yelling, imitating and mocking it. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard us, so he sent some people who brought us to stand in front of him. He said, 'Who is the one whose voice I heard so loud?' The people all pointed to me, and they were telling the truth. He sent them all away, but kept me there and said to me: 'Stand up and call the Adhan for the Prayer.' I stood up and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) taught me the Adhan himself. He Said, 'Say -   اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ [ Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle  Allah] .' Then he said: 'Then repeat and say in a loud voice -  أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [ I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah; Come to prayer, come to prayer; come to prosperity, come to prosperity; Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; there is no God except Allah].' Then he called me when I had finished saying the Adhan, and he gave me a bundle in which there was some silver. I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), let me be the one doing the Adhan in Makkah.' He said : 'I command you to do so.' Then I came to 'Attab bin Asid (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) who was the governor of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in Makkah and I called the Adhan for prayer with him upon the orders of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 

CHAPTER (6)

باب الأَذَانِ فِي السَّفَرِ

The Adhan when traveling
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Mahdhurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) left Hunain, I was the tenth of a group of ten of the people of Makkah who were trying to catch up with them. We heard them calling the Adhan for the prayer and we started to repeat the Adhan, mocking them. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'I heard among these people the Adhan of one who has a beautiful voice.' He sent for us, and we recited the Adhan one by one, and I was the last of them. When I said the Adhan, he said : 'Come here.' He sat me down in front of him and rubbed my forelock and blessed me three times, then he said, 'Go and give the Adhan at the sacred House.' I said : 'How, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)?' He taught me as you say the Adhan now - اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ ‏  [Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle Allah; I bear witness that there is no God  except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah; Come to prayer, come to prayer; come to prosperity, come to prosperity; prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep - in the first (Adhan) for As-Subh (Fajr) ]. And he taught me the Iqamah saying each phrase twice -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏"‏ [ Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, I bear witness that there is no God except Allah ; I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah, I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah; Come to prayer, come to prayer; come to prosperity, come to prosperity; the prayer is about to begin, the prayer is about to begin, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest; there is no God except Allah].   (One of the narrators) Ibn Juraij said : ''Uthman narrated this whole report to me from his father and from Umm 'Abdul Malik bin Abi Mahafirah, and (said that) they heard that from Abu Mahdhurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).
 
 

CHAPTER (7)

باب أَذَانِ الْمُنْفَرِدَيْنِ فِي السَّفَرِ

The Adhan of two who are alone on a journey
 
 
It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with a cousin of mine" - on an another occasion he said : "with a companion of mine" - "and he said: 'When the two of you travel, call the Adhan and the Iqamah, and let the older of you lead the prayer.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (8)

باب اجْتِزَاءِ الْمَرْءِ بِأَذَانِ غَيْرِهِ فِي الْحَضَرِ 

The Adhan of someone else is sufficient while a resident
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنِي زِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ الْحُوَيْرِثِ، قَالَ أَتَيْنَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَنَحْنُ شَبَبَةٌ مُتَقَارِبُونَ فَأَقَمْنَا عِنْدَهُ عِشْرِينَ لَيْلَةً وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَحِيمًا رَفِيقًا فَظَنَّ أَنَّا قَدِ اشْتَقْنَا إِلَى أَهْلِنَا فَسَأَلَنَا عَمَّنْ تَرَكْنَاهُ مِنْ أَهْلِنَا فَأَخْبَرْنَاهُ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ ارْجِعُوا إِلَى أَهْليِكُمْ فَأَقِيمُوا عِنْدَهُمْ وَعَلِّمُوهُمْ وَمُرُوهُمْ إِذَا حَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلْيُؤَذِّنْ لَكُمْ أَحَدُكُمْ وَلْيَؤُمَّكُمْ أَكْبَرُكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "We came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and we were young men close in age. He let us stay with him for twenty days. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was merciful and compassionate and he thought that we were missing our families; he asked us about those whom we had left behind of our families, so we told him, and he said: 'Go back to your families, stay with them and teach them. Tell them when the time for prayer comes; let one of you call the Adhan and let the oldest of you lead the prayer.'"
 

It was narrated from Ayyub, from Abu Qilabah, from 'Amr bin Salamah : "Abu Qilabah said to me (Ayyub) : He ('Amr - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) is still alive, do you want to meet him?" I met him and asked him, and he said: "When Makka was conquered, all the people hastened to announce their Islam. My father went to announce the Islam of the people of our village, and when he came back we went to see him and he said : 'By Allah, I have indeed come to you from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)'. He said : 'Pray such and such  prayer at such and such  time, pray such and such  prayer at such and such  time. When the time for prayer comes let one of you call the Adhan and let the one who knows the Qur'an more lead the prayer.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (9)

باب الْمُؤَذِّنَيْنِ لِلْمَسْجِدِ الْوَاحِدِ  

Two Muadh-dhins in one Masjid
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ دِينَارٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ بِلاَلاً يُؤَذِّنُ بِلَيْلٍ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يُنَادِيَ ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :"Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan during the night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls (the Adhan)"
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 7, Hadith # 13
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، عَنْ سَالِمٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ بِلاَلاً يُؤَذِّنُ بِلَيْلٍ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى تَسْمَعُوا تَأْذِينَ ابْنِ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Salim, from his father, that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan during the night, so eat and drink until you hear Ibn Umm Maktoom (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calling the Adhan."
 
 

CHAPTER (10)

باب هَلْ يُؤَذِّنَانِ جَمِيعًا أَوْ فُرَادَى   

Should they call the Adhan together or separately?
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَفْصٌ، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنِ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يُؤَذِّنَ ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَتْ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَهُمَا إِلاَّ أَنْ يَنْزِلَ هَذَا وَيَصْعَدَ هَذَا ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said :"The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan during the night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan." She said : "And there was no more time between them than the time it takes for one to come down and the other to go up."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنْ هُشَيْمٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا مَنْصُورٌ، عَنْ خُبَيْبِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ عَمَّتِهِ، أُنَيْسَةَ قَالَتْ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا أَذَّنَ ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ فَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا وَإِذَا أَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ فَلاَ تَأْكُلُوا وَلاَ تَشْرَبُوا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrtaed from Khubaib bin 'Abdur-Rahman that his paternal aunt Unaisa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When Ibn Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan, eat and drink, and when Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan, do not eat nor drink."
 
Explanation
 
The Ahadith of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) giving Adhan earlier than Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) are numerous.  Therefore, it is probable that the above Hadith also means the same as many other Ahadith in several books of Ahadith in this context.  Umm Maktum (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was blind and required someone to tell him that it was morning and he has to call for the prayer.
 
 

CHAPTER (11)

باب الأَذَانِ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ الصَّلاَةِ    

The Adhan at times other than the time for prayer
 
It was narrated from Ibn Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) calls the Adhan during the night to wake those who are sleeping and so that those who are praying Qiyam can return. Not to say it is like this". The break of dawn is not like this.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (12)

باب وَقْتِ أَذَانِ الصُّبْحِ

The time for the Adhan for Fajr
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدٌ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ سَائِلاً، سَأَلَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم عَنْ وَقْتِ الصُّبْحِ فَأَمَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِلاَلاً فَأَذَّنَ حِينَ طَلَعَ الْفَجْرُ فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ أَخَّرَ الْفَجْرَ حَتَّى أَسْفَرَ ثُمَّ أَمَرَهُ فَأَقَامَ فَصَلَّى ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ هَذَا وَقْتُ الصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that someone asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) about the time of Subh. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to call the Adhan when dawn broke, then the next day he delayed Fajr until it was very light, then he told him to call the Adhan and he prayed. Then he said : "This is the time for the prayer."
 
 

CHAPTER (13)

باب كَيْفَ يَصْنَعُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ فِي أَذَانِهِ 

What should the Muadh-dhin do while calling the Adhan
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَوْنِ بْنِ أَبِي جُحَيْفَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ أَتَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَخَرَجَ بِلاَلٌ فَأَذَّنَ فَجَعَلَ يَقُولُ فِي أَذَانِهِ هَكَذَا يَنْحَرِفُ يَمِينًا وَشِمَالاً ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from 'Awn bin Abi Juhaifah that his father said : "I came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came out and called the Adhan and he started doing like this in his Adhan; turning to his right and left."
 
 

CHAPTER (14)

باب رَفْعِ الصَّوْتِ بِالأَذَانِ  

Raising the voice with the Adhan
 

 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ الْقَاسِمِ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ أَبِي صَعْصَعَةَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ الْمَازِنِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّهُ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّ أَبَا سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيَّ قَالَ لَهُ إِنِّي أَرَاكَ تُحِبُّ الْغَنَمَ وَالْبَادِيَةَ فَإِذَا كُنْتَ فِي غَنَمِكَ أَوْ بَادِيَتِكَ فَأَذَّنْتَ بِالصَّلاَةِ فَارْفَعْ صَوْتَكَ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَسْمَعُ مَدَى صَوْتِ الْمُؤَذِّنِ جِنٌّ وَلاَ إِنْسٌ وَلاَ شَىْءٌ إِلاَّ شَهِدَ لَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو سَعِيدٍ سَمِعْتُهُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏
 
'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Abdullah bin 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Sa'sa'ah Al-Ansari Al-Mazini narrated that his father told him that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to him : "I see that you love sheep and the desert. When you are with your sheep or in the desert and you call the Adhan for prayer, then raise your voice, for no human, Jinn or anything else hears the voice of the Mu'adh-dhin as far as it reaches, but it will bear witness for him on the Day of Resurrection." Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I heard it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا يَزِيدُ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ زُرَيْعٍ - قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، سَمِعَهُ مِنْ، فَمِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ الْمُؤَذِّنُ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ بِمَدِّ صَوْتِهِ وَيَشْهَدُ لَهُ كُلُّ رَطْبٍ وَيَابِسٍ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), who heard it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) :"The Mu'adh-dhin will be forgiven as far as his voice reaches, and every wet and dry thing will bear witness for him."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُعَاذُ بْنُ هِشَامٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ الْكُوفِيِّ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى الصَّفِّ الْمُقَدَّمِ وَالْمُؤَذِّنُ يُغْفَرُ لَهُ بِمَدِّ صَوْتِهِ وَيُصَدِّقُهُ مَنْ سَمِعَهُ مِنْ رَطْبٍ وَيَابِسٍ وَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ مَنْ صَلَّى مَعَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Al-Bara bin 'Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Allah and His angels say salah upon those from the rows (praying in a mosque) and the Mu'adh-dhin will be forgiven as far as his voice reaches and whatever hears him, wet or dry, will confirm what he says, and he will have a reward like that of those who pray with him."
 
 

CHAPTER (15)

باب التَّثْوِيبِ فِي أَذَانِ الْفَجْرِ   

Adding the phrase 'Prayer is better than sleep' in the Adhan of Fajr
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي جَعْفَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلْمَانَ، عَنْ أَبِي مَحْذُورَةَ، قَالَ كُنْتُ أُؤَذِّنُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَكُنْتُ أَقُولُ فِي أَذَانِ الْفَجْرِ الأَوَّلِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I used to call the Adhan for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and in the first Adhan of Fajr I used to Say - حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ الصَّلاَةُ خَيْرٌ مِنَ النَّوْمِ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [Come to prosperity, prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep, Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no God except Allah).'"
 
 
 
Sufyan narrated a similar report with the same chain. (One of the narrators) (Abu) 'Abdur-Rahman (An-Nasai) said : "It is not Abu Ja'far Al-Farra'."
 
 

CHAPTER (16)

باب آخِرِ الأَذَانِ   

The final words of the Adhan
 
 
 
It was narrated from Al-Aswad that Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The final words of the Adhan are :  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no God except Allah].
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدٌ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، قَالَ كَانَ آخِرُ أَذَانِ بِلاَلٍ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Al-Aswad said : "The final words of the Adhan of Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) were : اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest, there is no God except Allah.)'"
 
 
 
There is another chain for the above Hadith from Ibrahim, from Al-Aswad, with similar wording.
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ يُونُسَ بْنِ أَبِي إِسْحَاقَ، عَنْ مُحَارِبِ بْنِ دِثَارٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي الأَسْوَدُ بْنُ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي مَحْذُورَةَ، أَنَّ آخِرَ الأَذَانِ، لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Muharib bin Dithar said : Al-Aswad bin Yazid narrated to me from Abu Mahdhura (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the final words of the Adhan are -  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [ There is no God except Allah].
 
 

CHAPTER (17)

باب الأَذَانِ فِي التَّخَلُّفِ عَنْ شُهُودِ الْجَمَاعَةِ، فِي اللَّيْلَةِ الْمَطِيرَةِ   

The Adhan telling people not to come to prayer in congregation on a rainy night
 
 
It was narrated that 'Amr bin Aws said : "A man of Thaqif told us that he heard the caller of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on a rainy night during a journey saying :   حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ صَلُّوا فِي رِحَالِكُمْ ‏  [ Come to prayer, come to prosperity, pray in your dwellings].'"
 
 
 
It was narrated from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) gave a call to prayer on a cold and windy night, and he said : "Pray where you are, for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to order the Mu'adh-dhin, if it was a cold and rainy night, to say - صَلُّوا فِي الرِّحَالِ  [Pray in your dwellings.]
 
 

CHAPTER (18)

باب الأَذَانِ لِمَنْ يَجْمَعُ بَيْنَ الصَّلاَتَيْنِ فِي وَقْتِ الأُولَى مِنْهُمَا    

The Adhan for one who is combining two prayers at the time of the earlier prayer
 
 
Ja'far bin Muhammad narrated from his father, that Jabir bin 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) traveled until he came to 'Arafa, where he found that the tent had been pitched for him in Namirah, so he stopped there. Then when the sun had passed its zenith he called for Qaswa' (his she Camel) and she was saddled for him. Then when he reached the bottom of the valley he addressed the people. Then Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called the Adhan, then he said the Iqamah and he prayed Zuhr, then he said the Iqamah and prayed 'Asr, and he did not offer any prayer in between them."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (19)

باب الأَذَانِ لِمَنْ جَمَعَ بَيْنَ الصَّلاَتَيْنِ بَعْدَ ذَهَابِ وَقْتِ الأُولَى مِنْهُمَا    

The Adhan for one who is combining two prayers after the time of the first prayer has gone
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir bin 'Abdulla (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) moved until he came to Muzdalifah, where he prayed Maghrib and 'Isha' with one Adhan and two Iqama, and he did not offer any prayer in between them."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Sa'eed bin Jubair said concerning Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "We were with him (Ibn 'Umar - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Jam' (Muzdalifah), and he called the Adhan, then the Iqamah, then he led us in praying Maghrib. Then he said : 'The prayer,' and he led us in praying 'Isha', two Rak'a. I said : 'What is this prayer?' He said: 'This is how I prayed with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in this place.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (20)

باب الإِقَامَةِ لِمَنْ جَمَعَ بَيْنَ الصَّلاَتَيْنِ    

The Iqama for the one who is joining two prayers
 
 
 
It was narrated from Sa'eed bin Jubair that he prayed Maghrib and 'Isha' in Jam' (Muzdalifah) with one Iqamah, then he narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had done that, and Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had done that.
 

 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he prayed in Jam' (Muzdalifa) with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with one Iqamah.
 

 
It was narrated from Salim, from his father, that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) joined them (Maghrib and 'Isha') in Muzdalifah, and he prayed each of them with an Iqama, and he did not offer any voluntary prayer before or after either of them.
 
 

CHAPTER (21)

باب الأَذَانِ لِلْفَائِتِ مِنَ الصَّلَوَاتِ

Adhan for the missed prayer
  
 
It was narrated from 'Abdur-Rahman bin Abi Sa'eed that his father said : "On the day of Khandaq the idolators kept us from praying Zuhr until the sun had gone down; that was before the revelation concerning fighting was revealed. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed - وَكَفَى اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ [Allah sufficed for the believers in the fighting] (Al-Ahzab - 25). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to say the Iqamah for Zuhr prayer, and he offered it just as he used to offer it on time. Then he said the Iqamah for 'Asr and he offered it just as he used to offer it on time. Then he called the Adhan for Maghrib and offered it on time.
 
 

CHAPTER (22)

باب الاِجْتِزَاءِ لِذَلِكَ كُلِّهِ بِأَذَانٍ وَاحِدٍ وَالإِقَامَةِ لِكُلِّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِنْهُمَا 

The acceptability of all of that with one Adhan and an Iqama for each one of them
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu 'Ubaidah said : "Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'The idolators kept the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) from (offering) four prayers on the day of Khandaq, so he commanded Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to call the Adhan, then he said the Iqamah and prayed Zuhr, then he said the Iqamah and prayed 'Asr, then he said the Iqamah and prayed the Maghrib, then he said the Iqamah and prayed 'Isha'.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (23)

باب الاِكْتِفَاءِ بِالإِقَامَةِ لِكُلِّ صَلاَةٍ  

Sufficing with the Iqama for every prayer
 
 
'Abdullah bin Mas'ud said (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "We were fighting a battle and the idolators kept us from praying Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib and 'Isha'. When the idolators went away, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded a caller to say Iqamah for Zuhr prayer, and we prayed. Then he said the Iqamah for 'Asr, and we prayed, and he said the Iqamah for Maghrib and we prayed, and he said the Iqama for 'Isha' and we prayed. Then we went around among us and said : 'There is no group on Earth who is remembering Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, except you.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (24)

باب الإِقَامَةِ لِمَنْ نَسِيَ رَكْعَةً مَنْ صَلاَةٍ   

The Iqama for the one who forgot a raka of the prayer
 
 
 
It was narrated that Mu'awiyah bin Hudaij (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed one day and said the Taslim when there was still a Rak'a left of the prayer. A man caught up with him and said : 'You forgot a Rak'a of the prayer!' So he came back into the Masjid and told Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to call the Iqamah for prayer, then he led the people in praying one Rak'a. I told the people about that and they said to me : 'Do you know who that man was?' I said : 'No, not unless I see him.' Then he passed by me and I said : 'This is he.' They said: 'This is Talha bin 'Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
 

CHAPTER (25)

باب أَذَانِ الرَّاعِي    

The Adhan of a shepherd
 
 
 
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Rubayyi'a (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he was with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on a journey and he heard the voice of a man calling the Adhan and he said what he said. When he reached the words - أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ  [ I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah], Al-Hakam said, "I did not hear this from Ibn Abi Lailah",  the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "This is a shepherd of a man who is away from his family." He went down into the valley and found a shepherd, standing by a dead sheep. He said : "Do you think that this is worthless to its owners?" They said : "Yes." He said : "This world is more worthless to Allah than this (dead sheep) is to its owners."
 
 

CHAPTER (26)

باب الأَذَانِ لِمَنْ يُصَلِّي وَحْدَهُ     

The Adhan for one who is praying alone
 
 
It was narrated that 'Uqbah bin 'Amir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Your Lord is pleased with a shepherd high in the mountains who calls the Adhan for the prayer, and prays. Allah says : 'Look at this servant of Mine; he calls the Adhan and Iqamah for the prayer and fears Me. I have forgiven My servant and admitted him to Paradise.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (27)

باب الإِقَامَةِ لِمَنْ يُصَلِّي وَحْدَهُ

The Iqama for the one who is praying alone
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ خَلاَّدِ بْنِ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ الزَّرْقِيُّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، عَنْ رِفَاعَةَ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَيْنَا هُوَ جَالِسٌ فِي صَفِّ الصَّلاَةِ الْحَدِيثَ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Rifa'ah bin Rafi'  (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that while the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was sitting in a row for prayer (and saw a man praying incorrectly, so he corrected him).
 
 

CHAPTER (28)

باب كَيْفَ الإِقَامَةُ

How the Iqama is to be recited
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Al-Muthanna, the Mu'adh-dhin of the Jami' Masjid, said : "I asked Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) about the Adhan and he said : 'At the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), the phrases of the Adhan were recited twice and the phrases of Iqamah once, except that you should say (the phrase) -  قَدْ قَامَتِ الصَّلاَةُ  [prayer is about to begin] twice. When we heard 'prayer is about to begin' we would perform Wudu' and go out to pray.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (29)

باب إِقَامَةِ كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ لِنَفْسِهِ

Each person saying the Iqama for himself
 
 
It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwayrith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to me and to a companion of mine : 'When the time for prayer comes, let the two of you call the Adhan then the two of you say Iqamah, then let one of you lead the prayer.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (30)

باب فَضْلِ التَّأْذِينِ

The virtue of Adhan
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When the call for the prayer is given, the Satan takes to his heels, passing wind loudly so that he will not hear the call to prayer. When the call to prayer is finished, he comes back. And when the Iqamah is said, he again takes to his heels, and after it is completed, he returns again to interfere between the (praying) person and his heart, saying to him : 'Remember such and such, remember such and such,' - things that he had not remembered - until he does not know how many (Rak'a) he has prayed."
 
 

CHAPTER (31)

باب الاِسْتِهَامِ عَلَى التَّأْذِينِ

Drawing lots to decide who will call the Adhan
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ سُمَىٍّ، عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ لَوْ يَعْلَمُ النَّاسُ مَا فِي النِّدَاءِ وَالصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَجِدُوا إِلاَّ أَنْ يَسْتَهِمُوا عَلَيْهِ لاَسْتَهَمُوا عَلَيْهِ وَلَوْ يَعْلَمُونَ مَا فِي التَّهْجِيرِ لاَسْتَبَقُوا إِلَيْهِ وَلَوْ عَلِمُوا مَا فِي الْعَتَمَةِ وَالصُّبْحِ لأَتَوْهُمَا وَلَوْ حَبْوًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "If the people knew what (virtue) there is in the call to prayer and the first row, and they had no other way but to draw lots concerning them, they would draw lots. If they knew what (virtue) there is in coming early for the prayer, they would compete in doing so. And if they knew what (virtue) there is in 'Atama' (Isha)  and Subh (Fajr) prayer, they would come even if they had to crawl."
 
 

CHAPTER (32)

باب اتِّخَاذِ الْمُؤَذِّنِ الَّذِي لاَ يَأْخُذُ عَلَى أَذَانِهِ أَجْرًا

Choosing a Muadh-dhin who does not accept any payment for his Adhan
 
It was narrated that 'Uthman bin Abi Al-As (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), make me the Imam of my people.' He said: 'You are their Imam, so consider the weakest among them and choose a Mu'adh-dhin who does not accept any payment for his Adhan.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (33)

باب الْقَوْلِ مِثْلَ مَا يَقُولُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ

Repeating what the Muadh-dhin says
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا سَمِعْتُمُ النِّدَاءَ فَقُولُوا مِثْلَ مَا يَقُولُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When you hear the call, repeat what the Mu'adh-dhin says."
 
 

CHAPTER (34)

باب ثَوَابِ ذَلِكَ

The reward for doing that
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ الْحَارِثِ، أَنَّ بُكَيْرَ بْنَ الأَشَجِّ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ عَلِيَّ بْنَ خَالِدٍ الزَّرْقِيَّ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ النَّضْرَ بْنَ سُفْيَانَ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ كُنَّا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ يُنَادِي فَلَمَّا سَكَتَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ مِثْلَ هَذَا يَقِينًا دَخَلَ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
An-Nasr bin Sufyan narrated that he heard Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "We were with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood up and gave the call (for prayer). When he fell silent the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever says the same as this (what the Mu'adh-dhin) with certainty, he will enter Paradise.
 
 

CHAPTER (35)

باب الْقَوْلِ مِثْلَ مَا يَتَشَهَّدُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ

Repeating the testimony of the Muadh-dhin
 
 
 
It was narrated that Mujammi' bin Yahya Al-Ansari said: "I was sitting with Abu Umamah bin Sahl bin Hunaif when the Mu'adh-dhin called the Adhan. He said -  اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ [Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest],' and he (also) pronounced the takbir twice. Then he said - أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ [I bear witness that there is no God except Allah],' and he also sent the testimony twice. Then he said - أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ  [ I bear witness that Muhammad is the Apostle  of Allah]  and he (also) sent the testimony twice. Then he said : 'This is what Mu'awiyah bin Abi Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told me, narrating from statement of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Umamah bin Sahl said : "I heard Mu'awiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), when he heard the Mu'adh-dhin, repeating what he said.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (36)

باب الْقَوْلِ إِذَا قَالَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ 

What is to be said when the Muadh-dhin says -  حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ  (come to prayer, come to prosperity)
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Alqamah bin Waqqas said : "I was with Mu'awiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when the Mu'adh-dhin called the Adhan. Muawiya (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said what the Mu'adh-dhin said, but when he said -  حَىَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ [come to prayer],' he said -  لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ [There is no power and no strength except with Allah];' and when he said - حَىَّ عَلَى الْفَلاَحِ [come to prosperity],' he said -  لاَ حَوْلَ وَلاَ قُوَّةَ إِلاَّ بِاللَّهِ [There is no power and no strength except with Allah].' After that he said what the Mu'adh-dhin said, then he said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying exactly like that.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (37)

باب الصَّلاَةِ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَعْدَ الأَذَانِ  

Reciting Durood on the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) after the Adhan
 
 
'Abdullah bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'When you hear the Mu'adh-dhin then say what he says, and convey Salah (Durood) upon me, for whoever does so, Allah will reward him ten (times). Then ask Allah to grant me Wasilah, which is a position in paradise which only one of the servants of Allah will attain, and I hope that I will be the one. Whoever asks for Wasilah for me, he will be entitled for my intercession.'"
 

CHAPTER (38)

باب الدُّعَاءِ عِنْدَ الأَذَانِ   

The supplication following the Adhan
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنِ اللَّيْثِ، عَنِ الْحُكَيْمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعُ الْمُؤَذِّنَ وَأَنَا أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا غُفِرَ لَهُ ذَنْبُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Whoever says, when he hears the Mu'adh-dhin -أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ رَضِيتُ بِاللَّهِ رَبًّا وَبِمُحَمَّدٍ رَسُولاً وَبِالإِسْلاَمِ دِينًا  [ I bear witness that there is no God except Allah, with no partner or associate, and that Muhammad is the His servant and Apostle; I am content with Allah as my Lord, Muhammad as my Apostle and Islam as my religion], his sins will be forgiven."
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever says, when he hears the call to prayer - اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ الْمَقَامَ الْمَحْمُودَ الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ  [O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and the prayer to be offered, grant Muhammad the Wasila and also the eminence, and establish him at the praised position that you have promised], will be granted my intercession on the Day of Resurrection."
 
 

CHAPTER (39)

باب الصَّلاَةِ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ    

Prayer between the Adhan and the Iqama
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى، عَنْ كَهْمَسٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ بُرَيْدَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مُغَفَّلٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلاَةٌ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلاَةٌ بَيْنَ كُلِّ أَذَانَيْنِ صَلاَةٌ لِمَنْ شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Mughaffal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Between each two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama)  there is a prayer, between each two Adhans there is a prayer, between each two Adhans there is a prayer, for whoever wants to do it." 
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو عَامِرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَامِرٍ الأَنْصَارِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ كَانَ الْمُؤَذِّنُ إِذَا أَذَّنَ قَامَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَيَبْتَدِرُونَ السَّوَارِيَ يُصَلُّونَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَهُمْ كَذَلِكَ وَيُصَلُّونَ قَبْلَ الْمَغْرِبِ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ بَيْنَ الأَذَانِ وَالإِقَامَةِ شَىْءٌ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Mu'adh-dhin called the Adhan, some of the Companions of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) would get up and rush to the pillars (in the Masjid) and pray until the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out and they were like that. They would pray before Maghrib and there was nothing between the Adhan and Iqamah."
 
 

CHAPTER (40)

باب التَّشْدِيدِ فِي الْخُرُوجِ مِنَ الْمَسْجِدِ بَعْدَ الأَذَانِ 

The stern warning against leaving the Masjid after the Adhan
 
 
 
It was narrated from Ash'ath bin Abi Ash-Sha'tha' that his father said : "I saw Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), when a man passed by in the Masjid until he parted from it - after the call. Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'This man has indeed disobeyed Prophet Abu Al-Qasim (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'"
 
 
 
Abu Sakhrah narrated that Abu Ash-Sha'tha' said : "A man left the Masjid after the call to prayer had been given, and Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'This man has indeed disobeyed Prophet  Abu Al-Qasim (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'"
 
 

CHAPTER (41)

باب إِيذَانِ الْمُؤَذِّنِينَ الأَئِمَّةَ بِالصَّلاَةِ  

The Muadh-dhins notifying the Imams about the prayer
 
 
 
It was narrated that  Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "Between the time when he finished 'Isha' prayer and Fajr, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray eleven Rak'a, saying the Taslim after each two Rak'a, then praying Witr as one Rak'a. He would prostrate for as long as it takes one of you to recite fifty verses, then he would raise his head. When the Mu'adh-dhin finished the call to Fajr prayer and he could see the dawn, he would pray two brief Rak'a, then he would go out with him." Some of these narrators (Ibn Abi Dhi'b, Yunus and 'Amr bin Al-Harith) added some phrases not mentioned by the others in the Hadith.
 
 
 
It was narrated from Makhramah bin Sulaiman that Kuraib - the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) - told him: "I asked Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ): 'How did the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pray at night?' He said: 'He prayed eleven Rak'a including Witr, then he slept deeply until I could hear him snoring, then Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to him and said : "The prayer, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)!" Then he got up and prayed two brief Rak'a then led the people in prayer, and he did not perform Wudu'.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (42)

باب إِقَامَةِ الْمُؤَذِّنِ عِنْدَ خُرُوجِ الإِمَامِ   

The Muadh-dhins saying the Iqama when the Imam comes out
 
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatadah that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When the Iqamah for prayer is said, do not stand up until you see that I have come out.'"