CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN AN-NASAI

 

VOLUME (1.13)

  

BOOK # 10 - LEADING THE PRAYER

 كتاب الإمامة

  

CHAPTER (1)

باب ذِكْرِ الإِمَامَةِ وَالْجَمَاعَةِ إِمَامَةِ أَهْلِ الْعِلْمِ وَالْفَضْلِ

Al-Imama and the Congregation. The Imama of the people of knowledge and virtue

 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَهَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنْ حُسَيْنِ بْنِ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ زَائِدَةَ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ زِرٍّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ لَمَّا قُبِضَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَتِ الأَنْصَارُ مِنَّا أَمِيرٌ وَمِنْكُمْ أَمِيرٌ ‏.‏ فَأَتَاهُمْ عُمَرُ فَقَالَ أَلَسْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ أَمَرَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بِالنَّاسِ فَأَيُّكُمْ تَطِيبُ نَفْسُهُ أَنْ يَتَقَدَّمَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ قَالُوا نَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ أَنْ نَتَقَدَّمَ أَبَا بَكْرٍ ‏.‏

It was narrated that 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) passed away, the Ansar said : 'Let there be an Amir from among us and an Amir from among you.' Then 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to them and said : 'Do you not know that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) commanded Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the people in prayer? Who among you could accept to put himself ahead of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?' They said : 'We seek refuge with Allah from putting ourselves ahead of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."'
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا زِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَيُّوبُ، عَنْ أَبِي الْعَالِيَةِ الْبَرَّاءِ، قَالَ أَخَّرَ زِيَادٌ الصَّلاَةَ فَأَتَانِي ابْنُ صَامِتٍ فَأَلْقَيْتُ لَهُ كُرْسِيًّا فَجَلَسَ عَلَيْهِ فَذَكَرْتُ لَهُ صُنْعَ زِيَادٍ فَعَضَّ عَلَى شَفَتَيْهِ وَضَرَبَ عَلَى فَخِذِي وَقَالَ إِنِّي سَأَلْتُ أَبَا ذَرٍّ كَمَا سَأَلْتَنِي فَضَرَبَ فَخِذِي كَمَا ضَرَبْتُ فَخِذَكَ وَقَالَ إِنِّي سَأَلْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَمَا سَأَلْتَنِي فَضَرَبَ فَخِذِي كَمَا ضَرَبْتُ فَخِذَكَ فَقَالَ عَلَيْهِ الصَّلاَةُ وَالسَّلاَمُ ‏ "‏ صَلِّ الصَّلاَةَ لِوَقْتِهَا فَإِنْ أَدْرَكْتَ مَعَهُمْ فَصَلِّ وَلاَ تَقُلْ إِنِّي صَلَّيْتُ فَلاَ أُصَلِّي ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Aliyah Al-Barra said : "Ziyad delayed the prayer, then Ibn Samit came to me and I gave him a chair and he sat on it. I told him what Ziyad had done and he bit his lip (in disapproval), and he struck me on the thigh and said : 'I asked Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) the same question you asked me, and he struck me on the thigh as I struck you on the thigh and said : I asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the same question as you have asked me and he struck me on the thigh as I have struck you on the thigh and said : Offer the prayer on time, and if you catch up with them, then pray with them, and do not say: 'I have already prayed so I will not pray (now)."'

 
أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ عَيَّاشٍ، عَنْ عَاصِمٍ، عَنْ زِرٍّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَعَلَّكُمْ سَتُدْرِكُونَ أَقْوَامًا يُصَلُّونَ الصَّلاَةَ لِغَيْرِ وَقْتِهَا فَإِنْ أَدْرَكْتُمُوهُمْ فَصَلُّوا الصَّلاَةَ لِوَقْتِهَا وَصَلُّوا مَعَهُمْ وَاجْعَلُوهَا سُبْحَةً ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'You may live to meet people who will be offering the prayer outside its (prayer) time. If you meet them, then offer the prayer on time, then pray with them and make that a voluntary prayer."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 4
 

It was narrated that Abu Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Let the one who has most knowledge of the Book of Allah lead the people in prayer. If they are equal in terms of knowledge of the Quran, let the one who emigrated first (lead them). If they are equal in terms of emigration, let the one who has more knowledge of the Sunnah, (lead them). If they are equal in terms of knowledge of the Sunnah, let the one who is oldest (lead them). Do not lead a man in prayer in his place of authority, and do not sit in his place of honor, unless he gives you permission."'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 5
 

It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with a cousin of mine" - once he said, "with a friend of mine" - and he said : 'When you travel, call the Adhan and Iqama, and let the older of you lead the prayer.'"
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 6
 

It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "when there are three people let one of them lead the prayer, and the one who is most entitled to lead the prayer is the one who has most knowledge of the Qur'an."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 7

أَخْبَرَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ التَّيْمِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ رَجَاءٍ، عَنْ أَوْسِ بْنِ ضَمْعَجٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لاَ يُؤَمُّ الرَّجُلُ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ وَلاَ يُجْلَسُ عَلَى تَكْرِمَتِهِ إِلاَّ بِإِذْنِهِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Abu Masud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'A man should not be led in prayer in his place of authority, and no one should sit in his place of honor except with his permission."'
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 8

أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ، - وَهُوَ ابْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ - عَنْ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، عَنْ سَهْلِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ كَانَ بَيْنَهُمْ شَىْءٌ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ فِي أُنَاسٍ مَعَهُ فَحُبِسَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَحَانَتِ الأُولَى فَجَاءَ بِلاَلٌ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَدْ حُبِسَ وَقَدْ حَانَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَهَلْ لَكَ أَنْ تَؤُمَّ النَّاسَ قَالَ نَعَمْ إِنْ شِئْتَ ‏.‏ فَأَقَامَ بِلاَلٌ وَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَكَبَّرَ بِالنَّاسِ وَجَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَمْشِي فِي الصُّفُوفِ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ وَأَخَذَ النَّاسُ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ لاَ يَلْتَفِتُ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلَمَّا أَكْثَرَ النَّاسُ الْتَفَتَ فَإِذَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَشَارَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَأْمُرُهُ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ فَرَفَعَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ يَدَيْهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَرَجَعَ الْقَهْقَرَى وَرَاءَهُ حَتَّى قَامَ فِي الصَّفِّ فَتَقَدَّمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا فَرَغَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَى النَّاسِ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ مَا لَكُمْ حِينَ نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فِي الصَّلاَةِ أَخَذْتُمْ فِي التَّصْفِيقِ إِنَّمَا التَّصْفِيقُ لِلنِّسَاءِ مَنْ نَابَهُ شَىْءٌ فِي صَلاَتِهِ فَلْيَقُلْ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّهُ لاَ يَسْمَعُهُ أَحَدٌ حِينَ يَقُولُ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ إِلاَّ الْتَفَتَ إِلَيْهِ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ أَنْ تُصَلِّيَ لِلنَّاسِ حِينَ أَشَرْتُ إِلَيْكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ مَا كَانَ يَنْبَغِي لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يُصَلِّيَ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) heard that there was a dispute among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, so he went to them with some other people to reconcile between them. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was delayed there, and the time for Zuhr came. Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) came to Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said to him : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been delayed (there) and the time for prayer has come, will you lead the people in prayer?" Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'Yes, if you wish.' Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Iqama and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) went forward and said the Takbir for the people. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came, passing through the rows (of praying people) and stood in the (first) row and the people started clapping. Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) would never glance sideways in his prayer but when the people clapped so much he looked back and  Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr raised his hands praising Allah the Mighty and Sublime, and retreated till he reached the (first) row. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) went forward and led the people in the prayer. When he completed the prayer he turned to face the people and said : 'O people, why did you start clapping when something unusual happened to you in the prayer? Clapping is only for women. So whoever among you comes across something in the prayer should say : 'Subhan Allah' for there is none who will not turn round when they hear him saying Subhan Allah. O Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! What prevented you from leading the people in the prayer when I gestured to you to do so?' Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) replied : 'It is not fitting for the son of Abu Quhafah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the prayer in the presence of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 9
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حُمَيْدٌ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ آخِرُ صَلاَةٍ صَلاَّهَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم مَعَ الْقَوْمِ صَلَّى فِي ثَوْبٍ وَاحِدٍ مُتَوَشِّحًا خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "In the last prayer that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed with the people, he prayed wrapped up in a single garment, behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."
 
 
 
It was narrated from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) led the people in prayer and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was in the row.
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 11
 

أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبَانَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا بُدَيْلُ بْنُ مَيْسَرَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَطِيَّةَ، مَوْلًى لَنَا عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ الْحُوَيْرِثِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ إِذَا زَارَ أَحَدُكُمْ قَوْمًا فَلاَ يُصَلِّيَنَّ بِهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Malik bin Al-Huwairith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : When any one of you visits some people, he should not lead them in prayer."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 12
 

It was narrated from Mahmood bin Ar-Rabi' (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that 'Itban bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to lead his people in prayer, and he was blind. He said to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم): "Sometimes it is dark or rainy or there is a flood, and I am a blind man; O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), (come and) pray in a place in my house that I may take it as a prayer-place." He said : "Where would you like me to pray for you?" He showed him a place in his house, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed there.
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 13
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُوسَى بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ الْمَسْرُوقِيُّ، حَدَّثَنَا حُسَيْنُ بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، عَنْ زَائِدَةَ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ سَلِمَةَ الْجَرْمِيُّ، قَالَ كَانَ يَمُرُّ عَلَيْنَا الرُّكْبَانُ فَنَتَعَلَّمُ مِنْهُمُ الْقُرْآنَ فَأَتَى أَبِي النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ لِيَؤُمَّكُمْ أَكْثَرُكُمْ قُرْآنًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَجَاءَ أَبِي فَقَالَ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏"‏ لِيَؤُمَّكُمْ أَكْثَرُكُمْ قُرْآنًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَنَظَرُوا فَكُنْتُ أَكْثَرَهُمْ قُرْآنًا فَكُنْتُ أَؤُمُّهُمْ وَأَنَا ابْنُ ثَمَانِ سِنِينَ ‏.‏

'Amr bin Salimah Al-Jarmi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "Riders used to pass by us and we would learn the Qur'an from them. My father came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said : 'Let the one of you who knows most Qur'an lead the prayer.' My father came and said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had said : 'Let the one of you who knows most Quran lead you in prayer.' They looked and found that I was the one who knew most Qur'an, so I used to lead them in prayer when I was eight years old.'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 14
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا هُشَيْمٌ، عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، وَحَجَّاجُ بْنُ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلاَةِ فَلاَ تَقُومُوا حَتَّى تَرَوْنِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Abdullah bin Abi Qatadah that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'When the call to prayer is given, do not stand up until you see me.'"
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 15
 
أَخْبَرَنَا زِيَادُ بْنُ أَيُّوبَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ وَرَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم نَجِيٌّ لِرَجُلٍ فَمَا قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ حَتَّى نَامَ الْقَوْمُ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Iqama for prayer was said, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was conversing privately with a man, and did not commence the prayer until the people slept."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 16
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ كَثِيرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، عَنِ الزُّبَيْدِيِّ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، وَالْوَلِيدُ، عَنِ الأَوْزَاعِيِّ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَصَفَّ النَّاسُ صُفُوفَهُمْ وَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى إِذَا قَامَ فِي مُصَلاَّهُ ذَكَرَ أَنَّهُ لَمْ يَغْتَسِلْ فَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ‏ "‏ مَكَانَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ رَجَعَ إِلَى بَيْتِهِ فَخَرَجَ عَلَيْنَا يَنْطِفُ رَأْسُهُ فَاغْتَسَلَ وَنَحْنُ صُفُوفٌ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Iqama for prayer was said and the people stood in rows, and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out. Then when he stood in the place where he prayed, he remembered that he had not performed Ghusl. He said to the people : 'Stay where you are.' Then he went back to his house, then he came out with his head dripping with water. He performed Ghusl while we were standing in our rows."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 17
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدَةَ، عَنْ حَمَّادِ بْنِ زَيْدٍ، ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ كَلِمَةً مَعْنَاهَا قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو حَازِمٍ، قَالَ سَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ كَانَ قِتَالٌ بَيْنَ بَنِي عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ فَبَلَغَ ذَلِكَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَصَلَّى الظُّهْرَ ثُمَّ أَتَاهُمْ لِيُصْلِحَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ قَالَ لِبِلاَلٍ ‏"‏ يَا بِلاَلُ إِذَا حَضَرَ الْعَصْرُ وَلَمْ آتِ فَمُرْ أَبَا بَكْرٍ فَلْيُصَلِّ بِالنَّاسِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا حَضَرَتْ أَذَّنَ بِلاَلٌ ثُمَّ أَقَامَ فَقَالَ لأَبِي بَكْرٍ رضى الله عنه تَقَدَّمْ ‏.‏ فَتَقَدَّمَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ فَدَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ ثُمَّ جَاءَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَجَعَلَ يَشُقُّ النَّاسَ حَتَّى قَامَ خَلْفَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَصَفَّحَ الْقَوْمُ وَكَانَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ إِذَا دَخَلَ فِي الصَّلاَةِ لَمْ يَلْتَفِتْ فَلَمَّا رَأَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ التَّصْفِيحَ لاَ يُمْسَكُ عَنْهُ الْتَفَتَ فَأَوْمَأَ إِلَيْهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِيَدِهِ فَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ عَلَى قَوْلِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَهُ امْضِهْ ثُمَّ مَشَى أَبُو بَكْرٍ الْقَهْقَرَى عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَتَأَخَّرَ فَلَمَّا رَأَى ذَلِكَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم تَقَدَّمَ فَصَلَّى بِالنَّاسِ فَلَمَّا قَضَى صَلاَتَهُ قَالَ ‏"‏ يَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ مَا مَنَعَكَ إِذْ أَوْمَأْتُ إِلَيْكَ أَنْ لاَ تَكُونَ مَضَيْتَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لاِبْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ أَنْ يَؤُمَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ وَقَالَ لِلنَّاسِ ‏"‏ إِذَا نَابَكُمْ شَىْءٌ فَلْيُسَبِّحِ الرِّجَالُ وَلْيُصَفِّحِ النِّسَاءُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "There was some fighting among Banu 'Amr bin 'Awf, and news of that reached the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He prayed Zuhr, then he went to them to reconcile between them. Then he said to Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'O Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), if the time for Asr comes and I have not come back, then tell Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the people in prayer.' When the time (for Asr) came, Bilal (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called the Adhan, then the Iqama, then he said to Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'Go forward. So Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) went forward and started to pray. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came and started passing through the rows of people until he stood behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and the people clapped. Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was such that whenever he started praying, he would never glance sideways, but when he noticed that the clapping persisted he turned around. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) gestured to him to carry on praying. Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) praised Allah the Mighty and Sublime for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) having told him to continue. Then Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) moved backward on his heels. When he completed the prayer he said : 'O Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), when I gestured to you, what kept you from continuing (to lead the people)?' He said : 'It does not befit the son of Abu Quhafah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in prayer.' And he (the Prophet ) said to the people: 'If you notice something (during the prayer), men should say Subhan Allah and women should clap.'"
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 18
 
أَخْبَرَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم سَقَطَ مِنْ فَرَسٍ عَلَى شِقِّهِ الأَيْمَنِ فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ يَعُودُونَهُ فَحَضَرَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَلَمَّا قَضَى الصَّلاَةَ قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّمَا جُعِلَ الإِمَامُ لِيُؤْتَمَّ بِهِ فَإِذَا رَكَعَ فَارْكَعُوا وَإِذَا رَفَعَ فَارْفَعُوا وَإِذَا سَجَدَ فَاسْجُدُوا وَإِذَا قَالَ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ فَقُولُوا رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) fell from a horse on to his right side.  They came to visit him and the time for prayer came. When the prayer was over he said : "The Imam is appointed to be followed. When he bows, then bow, when he stands up, then stand up, when he prostrates, then prostrate, and when he says -  سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ [Allah hears the one who praises Him], then say -  رَبَّنَا لَكَ الْحَمْدُ  [Our Lord, to You be the praise]."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 19
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ حَيَّانَ، عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم رَأَى فِي أَصْحَابِهِ تَأَخُّرًا فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ تَقَدَّمُوا فَأْتَمُّوا بِي وَلْيَأْتَمَّ بِكُمْ مَنْ بَعْدَكُمْ وَلاَ يَزَالُ قَوْمٌ يَتَأَخَّرُونَ حَتَّى يُؤَخِّرَهُمُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saw that his companions tended to stand in the rear, so he said : "Come forward and follow me, and let those who are behind you follow your lead. If people continue to lag behind, Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, will put them back."

 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنِ الْجُرَيْرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي نَضْرَةَ، نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏
 
There is another chain for from Abu Nadrah (from Abu Sa'eed  رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) with similar narration.

 
It was narrated from Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) told Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to lead the people in prayer. She said : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was in front of Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he prayed sitting down, and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was leading the people in prayer, and the people were behind Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led us in Zuhr prayer and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was behind him. When the of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said the Takbir, Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Takbir so that the people could hear."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 23
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عُبَيْدٍ الْكُوفِيُّ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ فُضَيْلٍ، عَنْ هَارُونَ بْنِ عَنْتَرَةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ الأَسْوَدِ، عَنِ الأَسْوَدِ، وَعَلْقَمَةَ، قَالاَ دَخَلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِ اللَّهِ نِصْفَ النَّهَارِ فَقَالَ إِنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ أُمَرَاءُ يَشْتَغِلُونَ عَنْ وَقْتِ الصَّلاَةَ فَصَلُّوا لِوَقْتِهَا ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَامَ فَصَلَّى بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَهُ فَقَالَ هَكَذَا رَأَيْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَعَلَ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Al-Aswad and 'Alqamah said : "We went to 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) at midday and he said : 'There will be rulers who would be distracted from praying on time, so pray on time.' Then he stood up and prayed between him and I, and said : 'This is what I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) do."'
 
 
 
Buraidah bin Sufyin bin Farwah Al-Aslami narrated that a slave of his grandfather who was called Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) passed by me and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said to me : 'O Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), go to Abu Tamim, the man from whom he had been freed and tell him to give us a camel so that we could ride, and let him send us some food and a guide to show us the way.' So I went to my former master and told him the same, and he sent with me a camel and vessels of milk, and I brought them via a secret route. Then the time for prayer came and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up and prayed, and Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) stood to his right. I had come to know about Islam and I was with them, so I came and stood behind them. So the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) pushed Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on the chest (to make him move backward) and we stood behind him."
 
Imam Abu 'Abdur Rahman (An-Nasai) said : (this) Buraidah is not a reliable narrator of Hadith.
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 25
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ إِسْحَاقَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي طَلْحَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ جَدَّتَهُ، مُلَيْكَةَ دَعَتْ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لِطَعَامٍ قَدْ صَنَعَتْهُ لَهُ فَأَكَلَ مِنْهُ ثُمَّ قَالَ ‏ "‏ قُومُوا فَلأُصَلِّيَ لَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَنَسٌ فَقُمْتُ إِلَى حَصِيرٍ لَنَا قَدِ اسْوَدَّ مِنْ طُولِ مَا لُبِسَ فَنَضَحْتُهُ بِمَاءٍ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَصَفَفْتُ أَنَا وَالْيَتِيمُ وَرَاءَهُ وَالْعَجُوزُ مِنْ وَرَائِنَا فَصَلَّى لَنَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), that his grandmother Mulaikah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) invited the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) to come and eat some food that she had prepared for him. (After the food) the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)  said : "Get up and I will lead you in prayer." Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "So I got up and brought a reed mat of ours that had turned black from long use, and spread some water on it. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood and the orphan and I stood in a row behind him, and the grandmother stood behind us, and he led us in praying two Rak'a, then he left."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 26
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ الْمُبَارَكِ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ دَخَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَمَا هُوَ إِلاَّ أَنَا وَأُمِّي وَالْيَتِيمُ وَأُمُّ حَرَامٍ خَالَتِي فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ قُومُوا فَلأُصَلِّيَ بِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ فِي غَيْرِ وَقْتِ صَلاَةٍ - قَالَ - فَصَلَّى بِنَا ‏.‏

It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us and the only people present were myself, my mother, the orphan and my maternal aunt Umm Harh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا). He said : 'Stand up and I will lead you in prayer.'  It was not the time for a (prescribed) prayer. And he led us in prayer."
 
 
It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and his mother, and his maternal aunt (were together, when the Prophet visited them). The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed, and he told Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) to stand on his right and his mother and maternal aunt behind them.
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 28
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجٌ، قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ جُرَيْجٍ أَخْبَرَنِي زِيَادٌ، أَنَّ قَزَعَةَ، مَوْلًى لِعَبْدِ قَيْسٍ أَخْبَرَهُ أَنَّهُ، سَمِعَ عِكْرِمَةَ، مَوْلَى ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ قَالَ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ صَلَّيْتُ إِلَى جَنْبِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم وَعَائِشَةُ خَلْفَنَا تُصَلِّي مَعَنَا وَأَنَا إِلَى جَنْبِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم أُصَلِّي مَعَهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I prayed beside the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) was behind us praying with us, and I was beside the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) praying with him."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) led me and a woman from my family in prayer. He made me to stand on his right and the woman to stand behind us."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 30
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ عُلَيَّةَ، عَنْ أَيُّوبَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ بِتُّ عِنْدَ خَالَتِي مَيْمُونَةَ فَقَامَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي مِنَ اللَّيْلِ فَقُمْتُ عَنْ شِمَالِهِ فَقَالَ بِي هَكَذَا فَأَخَذَ بِرَأْسِي فَأَقَامَنِي عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I stayed overnight with my maternal aunt Ummul Momineen Maimuna (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا), and the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) got up to pray at night. I stood on his left, so he did this to me : He took me by the head and made me stand on his right."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 31
 
أَخْبَرَنَا هَنَّادُ بْنُ السَّرِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَمْسَحُ مَنَاكِبَنَا فِي الصَّلاَةِ وَيَقُولُ ‏ "‏ لاَ تَخْتَلِفُوا فَتَخْتَلِفَ قُلُوبُكُمْ لِيَلِيَنِّي مِنْكُمْ أُولُو الأَحْلاَمِ وَالنُّهَى ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو مَسْعُودٍ فَأَنْتُمُ الْيَوْمَ أَشَدُّ اخْتِلاَفًا ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ أَبُو مَعْمَرٍ اسْمُهُ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَخْبَرَةَ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Abu Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) Al-Ansiri said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to gently pat our shoulders (to make sure the row was straight) at the time of prayer, and he-would say : 'Keep (the rows) straight; do not differ from one another lest your hearts would be afflicted with discord. Let those who are mature and wise stand closest to me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them."' Abu Mas'ud said : Today, there is much disharmony among you.
 
Imam Abu 'Abdur Rahman (An-Nasai) said : (One of the narrators) Abu Ma'mar's name is Abdullah bin Sakhbarah.
 
 
 
It was narrated that Qais bin 'Ubad said : "While I was in the Masjid in the first row, a man pulled me from behind and moved me aside, and took my place. By Allah, I could not focus on my prayer, then when he left I saw that it was Ubayy bin Ka'b (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ). He said : 'O boy, may Allah protect you from harm. This is what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) instructed us to do, to stand directly behind him.' Then he (Ubayy - رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) turned to face the Qiblah and said : 'Doomed are Ah1 Al-'Uqd, by the Lord of the Ka'ba! - three times.'Then he said : 'By Allah, I am not sad for them, but I am sad for the people whom they have misled.' I said : 'O Abu Ya'qub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), what do you mean by Ah1 Al-'Uqd?' He said : 'The rulers."'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 33
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا ابْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ يُونُسَ، عَنِ ابْنِ شِهَابٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو سَلَمَةَ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، أَنَّهُ سَمِعَ أَبَا هُرَيْرَةَ، يَقُولُ أُقِيمَتِ الصَّلاَةُ فَقُمْنَا فَعُدِّلَتِ الصُّفُوفُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْرُجَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَتَانَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم حَتَّى إِذَا قَامَ فِي مُصَلاَّهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُكَبِّرَ فَانْصَرَفَ فَقَالَ لَنَا ‏ "‏ مَكَانَكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَلَمْ نَزَلْ قِيَامًا نَنْتَظِرُهُ حَتَّى خَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا قَدِ اغْتَسَلَ يَنْطِفُ رَأْسُهُ مَاءً فَكَبَّرَ وَصَلَّى ‏.‏

Abu Salamah bin 'Abdur Rahman narrated that he heard Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "The Iqama for prayer was said, and we stood up and the rows were straightened, before the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to us. Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us and stood in the place where he prayed, before he said the Takbir he paused and said to us : 'Stay where you are.' So we stayed there, waiting for him, until he came out to us; he had performed Ghusl and his head was dripping with water. Then he said the Takbir and prayed."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 34
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنِ النُّعْمَانِ بْنِ بَشِيرٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُقَوِّمُ الصُّفُوفَ كَمَا تُقَوَّمُ الْقِدَاحُ فَأَبْصَرَ رَجُلاً خَارِجًا صَدْرُهُ مِنَ الصَّفِّ فَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ لَتُقِيمُنَّ صُفُوفَكُمْ أَوْ لَيُخَالِفَنَّ اللَّهُ بَيْنَ وُجُوهِكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that An-Numan bin Bashir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to straighten the rows like shaft of an arrow is straightened before the head is attached to it. He saw a man whose chest was sticking out from the row. I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Make your rows straight or Allah will cause your faces to be deformed."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ مُصَرِّفٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ عَوْسَجَةَ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ بْنِ عَازِبٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَتَخَلَّلُ الصُّفُوفَ مِنْ نَاحِيَةٍ إِلَى نَاحِيَةٍ يَمْسَحُ مَنَاكِبَنَا وَصُدُورَنَا وَيَقُولُ ‏"‏ لاَ تَخْتَلِفُوا فَتَخْتَلِفَ قُلُوبُكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَكَانَ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى الصُّفُوفِ الْمُتَقَدِّمَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Al-Bara bin Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to go between the rows from one side to another, patting our shoulders and chests and saying : 'Do not make your rows ragged or your hearts will be filled with enmity toward one another.' And he used to say : 'Allah and His angels send Salah upon the front rows."'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 36
 
أَخْبَرَنَا بِشْرُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ الْعَسْكَرِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ، عَنْ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ عُمَيْرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَعْمَرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَمْسَحُ عَوَاتِقَنَا وَيَقُولُ ‏ "‏ اسْتَوُوا وَلاَ تَخْتَلِفُوا فَتَخْتَلِفَ قُلُوبُكُمْ وَلْيَلِيَنِّي مِنْكُمْ أُولُو الأَحْلاَمِ وَالنُّهَى ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Mas'ad Al-Ansari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to gently pat our shoulders (to make sure the row was straight) at the time of prayer, and he would say : 'Keep (the rows) straight; do not differ from one another lest your hearts should suffer from discord. Let those who are mature and wise stand closest to me, then those who are next to them, then those who are next to them."'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 37
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ نَافِعٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا بَهْزُ بْنُ أَسَدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَمَّادُ بْنُ سَلَمَةَ، عَنْ ثَابِتٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ اسْتَوُوا اسْتَوُوا اسْتَوُوا فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لأَرَاكُمْ مِنْ خَلْفِي كَمَا أَرَاكُمْ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَىَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say : "Make your rows straight, make your rows straight, make your rows straight. By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! I can see you behind me as I can see you in front of me."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 38
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ حُجْرٍ، أَنْبَأَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ، عَنْ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، - رضى الله عنه - قَالَ أَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِوَجْهِهِ حِينَ قَامَ إِلَى الصَّلاَةِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُكَبِّرَ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ أَقِيمُوا صُفُوفَكُمْ وَتَرَاصُّوا فَإِنِّي أَرَاكُمْ مِنْ وَرَاءِ ظَهْرِي ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) turned to face us when he stood up to pray, before he said the Takbir and said : 'Make your rows straight and come close to one another, for I can see you behind my back."'
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُبَارَكِ الْمُخَرِّمِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو هِشَامٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبَانُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَنَسٌ، أَنَّ نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ رَاصُّوا صُفُوفَكُمْ وَقَارِبُوا بَيْنَهَا وَحَاذُوا بِالأَعْنَاقِ فَوَالَّذِي نَفْسُ مُحَمَّدٍ بِيَدِهِ إِنِّي لأَرَى الشَّيَاطِينَ تَدْخُلُ مِنْ خَلَلِ الصَّفِّ كَأَنَّهَا الْحَذَفُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Make your rows solid and close together, and keep your necks in line. By the One in Whose Hand is the soul of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! I can see the Davils entering through the gaps in the rows as if they are small sheep."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا الْفُضَيْلُ بْنُ عِيَاضٍ، عَنِ الأَعْمَشِ، عَنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ بْنِ رَافِعٍ، عَنْ تَمِيمِ بْنِ طَرَفَةَ، عَنْ جَابِرِ بْنِ سَمُرَةَ، قَالَ خَرَجَ إِلَيْنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَلاَ تَصُفُّونَ كَمَا تَصُفُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا وَكَيْفَ تَصُفُّ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ قَالَ ‏"‏ يُتِمُّونَ الصَّفَّ الأَوَّلَ ثُمَّ يَتَرَاصُّونَ فِي الصَّفِّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Jabir bin Samurah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out to us and said : 'Will you not form rows as the angels form rows before their Lord? They said : 'How do the angels form rows before their lord? He said : 'They complete the first row and fill the gaps in the rows."'
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 41
 
أَخْبَرَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ عُثْمَانَ الْحِمْصِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا بَقِيَّةُ، عَنْ بَحِيرِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ خَالِدِ بْنِ مَعْدَانَ، عَنْ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ نُفَيْرٍ، عَنِ الْعِرْبَاضِ بْنِ سَارِيَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ يُصَلِّي عَلَى الصَّفِّ الأَوَّلِ ثَلاَثًا وَعَلَى الثَّانِي وَاحِدَةً ‏.‏

It was narrated from al-Irbad bin Sariyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to send Salah on the first row three times and on the second row once.

 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 42
It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Complete the first row, then the one behind it, and if any row is to be left incomplete let it be the last row."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 43
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ بْنِ مَثْرُودٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ وَهْبٍ، عَنْ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنِ صَالِحٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزَّاهِرِيَّةِ، عَنْ كَثِيرِ بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ وَصَلَ صَفًّا وَصَلَهُ اللَّهُ وَمَنْ قَطَعَ صَفًّا قَطَعَهُ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Whoever completes a row, may Allah be generous to him, and whoever cuts a row, may Allah cut him off."
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 44
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْحَاقُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ سُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ خَيْرُ صُفُوفِ الرِّجَالِ أَوَّلُهَا وَشَرُّهَا آخِرُهَا وَخَيْرُ صُفُوفِ النِّسَاءِ آخِرُهَا وَشَرُّهَا أَوَّلُهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The best rows for men are the front rows and the worst are the last, and the best rows for women are the back rows and the worst are those in the front."'
 
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 45
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ، عَنْ سُفْيَانَ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ هَانِئٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْحَمِيدِ بْنِ مَحْمُودٍ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ أَنَسٍ فَصَلَّيْنَا مَعَ أَمِيرٍ مِنَ الأُمَرَاءِ فَدَفَعُونَا حَتَّى قُمْنَا وَصَلَّيْنَا بَيْنَ السَّارِيَتَيْنِ فَجَعَلَ أَنَسٌ يَتَأَخَّرُ وَقَالَ قَدْ كُنَّا نَتَّقِي هَذَا عَلَى عَهْدِ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

It was narrated that 'Abdul Hamid bin Mahmud said : "We were with Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and we prayed with one of the Amirs. They pushed us until we stood and prayed between two rows, and Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) started moving backward and said : 'We used to avoid this at the time of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 46
 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُوَيْدُ بْنُ نَصْرٍ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ، عَنْ مِسْعَرٍ، عَنْ ثَابِتِ بْنِ عُبَيْدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ الْبَرَاءِ، عَنِ الْبَرَاءِ، قَالَ كُنَّا إِذَا صَلَّيْنَا خَلْفَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَحْبَبْتُ أَنْ أَكُونَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Al Bara (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When we prayed behind the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) I liked to be to his right."
 
 
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 10, Hadith # 47
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزِّنَادِ، عَنِ الأَعْرَجِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ بِالنَّاسِ فَلْيُخَفِّفْ فَإِنَّ فِيهِمُ السَّقِيمَ وَالضَّعِيفَ وَالْكَبِيرَ فَإِذَا صَلَّى أَحَدُكُمْ لِنَفْسِهِ فَلْيُطَوِّلْ مَا شَاءَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "When any one of you leads the people in prayer, let him make it short, for among them are the sick, the weak and the elderly. And when any one of you prays by himself, let him make it as long as he wishes."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم كَانَ أَخَفَّ النَّاسِ صَلاَةً فِي تَمَامٍ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to make his prayer very brief but still complete when leading people.

It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Abi Qatadah, from his father that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "I stand in prayer, then I hear a child crying, so I make my prayer brief, because I do not want to cause hardship for his mother."
 
 

CHAPTER (36)

باب الرُّخْصَةِ لِلإِمَامِ فِي التَّطْوِيلِ

The concession allowing the Imam to offer a lengthy prayer
 
أَخْبَرَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ مَسْعُودٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، عَنِ ابْنِ أَبِي ذِئْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي الْحَارِثُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، عَنْ سَالِمِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَأْمُرُ بِالتَّخْفِيفِ وَيَؤُمُّنَا بِالصَّافَّاتِ ‏.‏

It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to enjoin upon us to make the prayer short, but he would lead us in prayer and recite As-Saffat."
 

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