CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN AN-NASAI

 

VOLUME (1.6)

  

BOOK # 5 - PRAYER

 كتاب الصلاة

  

CHAPTER (1)

باب فَرْضِ الصَّلاَةِ وَذِكْرِ اخْتِلاَفِ النَّاقِلِينَ فِي إِسْنَادِ حَدِيثِ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ - رضى الله عنه - وَاخْتِلاَفِ أَلْفَاظِهِمْ فِيهِ ‏.‏

Enjoining Salah and describing the differences reported by the narrators in the chain of the Hadith of Anas Bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and the different wordings in it

 
أَخْبَرَنَا يَعْقُوبُ بْنُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ الدَّسْتَوَائِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ مَالِكِ بْنِ صَعْصَعَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ بَيْنَا أَنَا عِنْدَ الْبَيْتِ بَيْنَ النَّائِمِ وَالْيَقْظَانِ إِذْ أَقْبَلَ أَحَدُ الثَّلاَثَةِ بَيْنَ الرَّجُلَيْنِ فَأُتِيتُ بِطَسْتٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ مَلآنَ حِكْمَةً وَإِيمَانًا فَشَقَّ مِنَ النَّحْرِ إِلَى مَرَاقِّ الْبَطْنِ فَغَسَلَ الْقَلْبَ بِمَاءِ زَمْزَمَ ثُمَّ مُلِئَ حِكْمَةً وَإِيمَانًا ثُمَّ أُتِيتُ بِدَابَّةٍ دُونَ الْبَغْلِ وَفَوْقَ الْحِمَارِ ثُمَّ انْطَلَقْتُ مَعَ جِبْرِيلَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَأَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ الدُّنْيَا فَقِيلَ مَنْ هَذَا قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ ‏.‏ قِيلَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ ‏.‏ قِيلَ وَقَدْ أُرْسِلَ إِلَيْهِ مَرْحَبًا بِهِ وَنِعْمَ الْمَجِيءُ جَاءَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى آدَمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنِ ابْنٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ الثَّانِيَةَ قِيلَ مَنْ هَذَا قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ ‏.‏ قِيلَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى يَحْيَى وَعِيسَى فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِمَا فَقَالاَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنْ أَخٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ الثَّالِثَةَ قِيلَ مَنْ هَذَا قَالَ جِبْرِيلُ ‏.‏ قِيلَ وَمَنْ مَعَكَ قَالَ مُحَمَّدٌ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى يُوسُفَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنْ أَخٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ الرَّابِعَةَ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى إِدْرِيسَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنْ أَخٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ الْخَامِسَةَ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى هَارُونَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ قَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنْ أَخٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ السَّادِسَةَ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ عَلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنْ أَخٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ فَلَمَّا جَاوَزْتُهُ بَكَى قِيلَ مَا يُبْكِيكَ قَالَ يَا رَبِّ هَذَا الْغُلاَمُ الَّذِي بَعَثْتَهُ بَعْدِي يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِهِ الْجَنَّةَ أَكْثَرُ وَأَفْضَلُ مِمَّا يَدْخُلُ مِنْ أُمَّتِي ‏.‏ ثُمَّ أَتَيْنَا السَّمَاءَ السَّابِعَةَ فَمِثْلُ ذَلِكَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَسَلَّمْتُ عَلَيْهِ فَقَالَ مَرْحَبًا بِكَ مِنِ ابْنٍ وَنَبِيٍّ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ رُفِعَ لِيَ الْبَيْتُ الْمَعْمُورُ فَسَأَلْتُ جِبْرِيلَ فَقَالَ هَذَا الْبَيْتُ الْمَعْمُورُ يُصَلِّي فِيهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ سَبْعُونَ أَلْفَ مَلَكٍ فَإِذَا خَرَجُوا مِنْهُ لَمْ يَعُودُوا فِيهِ آخِرَ مَا عَلَيْهِمْ ثُمَّ رُفِعَتْ لِي سِدْرَةُ الْمُنْتَهَى فَإِذَا نَبِقُهَا مِثْلُ قِلاَلِ هَجَرٍ وَإِذَا وَرَقُهَا مِثْلُ آذَانِ الْفِيَلَةِ وَإِذَا فِي أَصْلِهَا أَرْبَعَةُ أَنْهَارٍ نَهْرَانِ بَاطِنَانِ وَنَهْرَانِ ظَاهِرَانِ فَسَأَلْتُ جِبْرِيلَ فَقَالَ أَمَّا الْبَاطِنَانِ فَفِي الْجَنَّةِ وَأَمَّا الظَّاهِرَانِ فَالْفُرَاتُ وَالنِّيلُ ثُمَّ فُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ خَمْسُونَ صَلاَةً فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى مُوسَى فَقَالَ مَا صَنَعْتَ قُلْتُ فُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ خَمْسُونَ صَلاَةً ‏.‏ قَالَ إِنِّي أَعْلَمُ بِالنَّاسِ مِنْكَ إِنِّي عَالَجْتُ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَشَدَّ الْمُعَالَجَةِ وَإِنَّ أُمَّتَكَ لَنْ يُطِيقُوا ذَلِكَ فَارْجِعْ إِلَى رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ عَنْكَ فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي فَسَأَلْتُهُ أَنْ يُخَفِّفَ عَنِّي فَجَعَلَهَا أَرْبَعِينَ ثُمَّ رَجَعْتُ إِلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ مَا صَنَعْتَ قُلْتُ جَعَلَهَا أَرْبَعِينَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ لِي مِثْلَ مَقَالَتِهِ الأُولَى فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ فَجَعَلَهَا ثَلاَثِينَ فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ فَقَالَ لِي مِثْلَ مَقَالَتِهِ الأُولَى فَرَجَعْتُ إِلَى رَبِّي فَجَعَلَهَا عِشْرِينَ ثُمَّ عَشْرَةً ثُمَّ خَمْسَةً فَأَتَيْتُ عَلَى مُوسَى عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَقَالَ لِي مِثْلَ مَقَالَتِهِ الأُولَى فَقُلْتُ إِنِّي أَسْتَحِي مِنْ رَبِّي عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَنْ أَرْجِعَ إِلَيْهِ فَنُودِيَ أَنْ قَدْ أَمْضَيْتُ فَرِيضَتِي وَخَفَّفْتُ عَنْ عِبَادِي وَأَجْزِي بِالْحَسَنَةِ عَشْرَ أَمْثَالِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), from Malik bin Sa'sa'ah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ ), that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "While I was at the Ka'ba, in a state between sleep and wakefulness, three men came, and one of them who was in the middle came towards me. I was brought a basin of gold, filled with wisdom and faith, and he slit open from the throat to the lower abdomen, and washed the heart with Zamzam water, then 'it was filled with wisdom and faith'. Then I was brought a riding-beast, smaller than a mule and bigger than a donkey. I set off with Jibril (عليه السلام)  and we came to the lowest heaven. It was said : 'Who is with you?' He said: 'Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' It was said: 'Has (invitation) been sent to him? Welcome to him, what an excellent visit his is.' I came to Adam (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said : 'Welcome to you! What an excellent son and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then we came to the second heaven and it was said : 'Who is this?' He said: 'Jibra'il' (عليه السلام).  It was said : 'Who is with you?' he said: 'Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' And the same exchange took place. I came to Yahya and 'Eisa (عليهم السلام) and greeted them, and they said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent brother and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then we came to the third heaven and it was said: 'Who is this?' He said: 'Jibra'il' (عليه السلام).  It was said : 'Who is with you?' He said: 'Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' And the same exchange took place. I came to Yusuf (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent brother and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then we came to the fourth heaven and the same exchange took place. I came to Idris (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent brother and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then we came to the fifth heaven and the same exchange took place. I came to Harun (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent brother and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then we came to the sixth heaven and the same exchange took place. I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent brother and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' What I passed him, he wept, and it was said: 'Why are you weeping?' He said: 'O Lord, this young man whom You have sent after me, more of his Ummah will enter Paradise than from my nation, and they will be more virtuous than them.' Then we came to the seventh heaven and a similar exchange took place. I came to Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and greeted him, and he said: 'Welcome to you! What an excellent son and Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' Then I was taken up to the Oft-Frequented House (Al-Bait al-Ma'mur) and I asked Jibra'il (عليه السلام) about it, and he said: 'This is Al-Bait al-Ma'mur in which seventy thousand angels pray everyday, and when they leave it they never come back.' Then I was taken up to Sidra-tul-Muntaha (the Lote-Tree of the Utmost Boundary). Its fruits were like Qilal of Hajar and its leaves were like the ears of elephants. At its base were four rivers, two hidden rivers and two manifest rivers. I asked Jibril (عليه السلام) and he said: 'The two hidden ones are in paradise, and the two manifest ones are the Euphrates and the Nile.' Then fifty prayers were enjoined upon me. I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said: 'What happened?' I said: 'Fifty prayers have been enjoined upon me.' He said: 'I know more about the people than you. I tried hard with the Children of Israel. Your Ummah will never be able to bear that. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce it for you.' So I went back to my Lord and asked Him to reduce it, and He made it forty. Then I went back to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said: 'What happened?' I said: 'He made it forty.' He said to me something similar to what he said the first time, so I went back to my Lord and He made it thirty. I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and told him, and he said to me something similar to what he said the first time, so I went back to my Lord and he made it twenty, then ten, then five. I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said to me something like he had said the first time, but I said : 'I feel too shy before my Lord to go back to Him.' Then it was called out: 'I have decreed (the reward for) My obligation, and I have reduced the burden for My slaves and I will give a ten-fold reward for each good deed.'"

Anas bin Malik and Ibn Hazm (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, enjoined fifty prayers upon my Ummah, and I came back with that until I passed by Musa (عليه السلام) who said: 'What has your Lord enjoined upon your Ummah?' I said: 'He has enjoined fifty prayers on them.' Musa (عليه السلام) said to me: 'Go back to your Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.' So I went back to my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, and He reduced a portion of it. Then I came back to Musa (عليه السلام) and told him, and he said: 'Go back to you Lord, for your Ummah will not be able to do that.' So I went back to my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime, and He said: 'They are five (prayers) but they are fifty (in reward), and  مَا يُبَدَّلُ الْقَوْلُ لَدَيَّ [ The Word that comes from Me cannot be changed.] (Sura Qaf - 29),  I came back to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said: 'Go back to your Lord.' I said: 'I feel too shy before my Lord, the Mighty and Sublime.'"

 
Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "I was brought an animal that was larger than a donkey and smaller than a mule, whose stride could reach as far as it could see. I mounted it, and Jibril (عليه السلام) was with me, and I set off. Then he said: 'Dismount and pray,' so I did that. He said: 'Do you know where you have prayed? You have prayed in Taibah, which will be the place of the emigration.' Then he said: 'Dismount and pray,' so I prayed. He said: 'Do you know where you have prayed? You have prayed in Mount Sinai, where Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, spoke to Musa (عليه السلام), peace be upon him.' So I dismounted and prayed, and he said: 'Do you know where you have prayed? You have prayed in Bethlehem, where Isa (عليه السلام) was born.' Then I entered Bait Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) where the Prophets (عليهم السلام) were assembled for me, and Jibril (عليه السلام) brought me forward to lead them in prayer. Then I was taken up to the first heaven, where I saw Adam (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up to the second heaven where I saw the maternal cousins Isa and Yahya (عليهم السلام). Then I was taken up to the third heaven where I saw Yusuf (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up to the fourth heaven where I saw Harun (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up to the fifth heaven where I saw Idris (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up to the sixth heaven where I saw Musa (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up to the seventh heaven where I saw Ibrahim (عليه السلام). Then I was taken up above seven heavens and we came to Sidra-tul-Muntaha and I was covered with fog. I fell down prostrate and it was said to me: '(Indeed) The day I created the heavens and the Earth, I enjoined upon you and your Ummah fifty prayers, so establish them, you and your Ummah.' I came back to Ibrahim (عليه السلام) and he did not ask me about anything, then I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said: 'How much did your Lord enjoin upon you and your Ummah?' I said: 'Fifty prayers.' He said: 'You will not be able to establish them, neither you nor your Ummah. Go back to your Lord and ask Him to reduce it.' So I went back to my Lord and He reduced it by ten. Then I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and he told me to go back, so I went back and He reduced it by ten. Then I came to Musa (عليه السلام) and he told me to go back, so I went back and He reduced it by ten. Then it was reduced it by ten. Then it was reduced to five prayers. Musa (عليه السلام) said: 'Go back to you Lord and ask Him to reduce it, for two prayers were enjoined upon the Children of Israel but they did not establish them.' So I went back to my Lord and asked Him to reduce it, but He said: 'The day I created the heavens and the Earth, I enjoined fifty prayers upon you and your Ummah. Five is for fifty, so establish them, you and your Ummah.' I knew that this was what Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, had determined so I went back to Musa (عليه السلام) and he said: 'Go back.' But I knew that it was what Allah had determined, so I did not go back."
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ آدَمَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَالِكُ بْنُ مِغْوَلٍ، عَنِ الزُّبَيْرِ بْنِ عَدِيٍّ، عَنْ طَلْحَةَ بْنِ مُصَرِّفٍ، عَنْ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ لَمَّا أُسْرِيَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم انْتُهِيَ بِهِ إِلَى سِدْرَةِ الْمُنْتَهَى وَهِيَ فِي السَّمَاءِ السَّادِسَةِ وَإِلَيْهَا يَنْتَهِي مَا عُرِجَ بِهِ مِنْ تَحْتِهَا وَإِلَيْهَا يَنْتَهِي مَا أُهْبِطَ بِهِ مِنْ فَوْقِهَا حَتَّى يُقْبَضَ مِنْهَا قَالَ ‏{‏ إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَى ‏}‏ قَالَ فَرَاشٌ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَأُعْطِيَ ثَلاَثًا الصَّلَوَاتُ الْخَمْسُ وَخَوَاتِيمُ سُورَةِ الْبَقَرَةِ وَيُغْفَرُ لِمَنْ مَاتَ مِنْ أُمَّتِهِ لاَ يُشْرِكُ بِاللَّهِ شَيْئًا الْمُقْحِمَاتُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "When the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was taken on the Night Journey, he came to Sidra-tu-Muntaha, which is in the sixth heaven. That is where everything that comes up from below ends, and where everything that comes down from above, until it is taken from it. Allah says -  إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَىٰ [When what covered the lote-tree did cover it.] (An-Najm - 16).  He said: "It was moths of gold. And I was given three things: The five daily prayers, the last verses of Surah Al-Baqarah, and whoever of my Ummah dies without associating anything with Allah will be forgiven for major sins (الْمُقْحِمَاتُ).
 

 
أَخْبَرَنَا سُلَيْمَانُ بْنُ دَاوُدَ، عَنِ ابْنِ وَهْبٍ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عَمْرُو بْنُ الْحَارِثِ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ رَبِّهِ بْنَ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ الْبُنَانِيَّ حَدَّثَهُ عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّ الصَّلَوَاتِ، فُرِضَتْ بِمَكَّةَ وَأَنَّ مَلَكَيْنِ أَتَيَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَذَهَبَا بِهِ إِلَى زَمْزَمَ فَشَقَّا بَطْنَهُ وَأَخْرَجَا حَشْوَهُ فِي طَسْتٍ مِنْ ذَهَبٍ فَغَسَلاَهُ بِمَاءِ زَمْزَمَ ثُمَّ كَبَسَا جَوْفَهُ حِكْمَةً وَعِلْمًا ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the prayers were enjoined in Makkah, and that two angels came to the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and took him to Zamzam, where they split open his stomach and took out his innards in a basin of gold, and washed them with Zamzam water, then they filled his heart with wisdom and knowledge.

 

CHAPTER (3)

باب كَيْفَ فُرِضَتِ الصَّلاَةُ

How the Salah was made obligatory

 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said: "The first time the Salah was enjoined,  it was two Rak'a, and it remained as such when traveling, but the Salah while resident was made complete."
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ هَاشِمٍ الْبَعْلَبَكِّيُّ، قَالَ أَنْبَأَنَا الْوَلِيدُ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي أَبُو عَمْرٍو يَعْنِي الأَوْزَاعِيَّ، أَنَّهُ سَأَلَ الزُّهْرِيَّ عَنْ صَلاَةِ، رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِمَكَّةَ قَبْلَ الْهِجْرَةِ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي عُرْوَةُ عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ فَرَضَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ الصَّلاَةَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوَّلَ مَا فَرَضَهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ ثُمَّ أُتِمَّتْ فِي الْحَضَرِ أَرْبَعًا وَأُقِرَّتْ صَلاَةُ السَّفَرِ عَلَى الْفَرِيضَةِ الأُولَى ‏.‏
 
Abu 'Amr (Al-Awza'i) said that he asked Az-Zuhri about the prayer of the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in Makkah before the Hijrah to Al-Madinah. He said : "Urwah told me that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : 'Allah enjoined the salah upon the Apostle  of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and the first thing that He enjoined was two Rak'a at a time, then it was made complete four Rak'a while in the state of residence but the prayer when traveling remained two Rak'a, as it was first enjoined.'"
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ صَالِحِ بْنِ كَيْسَانَ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ فُرِضَتِ الصَّلاَةُ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فَأُقِرَّتْ صَلاَةُ السَّفَرِ وَزِيدَ فِي صَلاَةِ الْحَضَرِ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "The Salah was enjoined two Rak'a at a time, then the Salah when traveling remained like that, but the Salah while resident was increased."
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ، عَنْ بُكَيْرِ بْنِ الأَخْنَسِ، عَنْ مُجَاهِدٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ فُرِضَتِ الصَّلاَةُ عَلَى لِسَانِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي الْحَضَرِ أَرْبَعًا وَفِي السَّفَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ وَفِي الْخَوْفِ رَكْعَةً ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Salah was enjoined on the lips of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); four Rak'a while resident, two while traveling, and one Rak'a during times of fear."
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا يُوسُفُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا حَجَّاجُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ الشُّعَيْثِيُّ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ الْحَارِثِ بْنِ هِشَامٍ، عَنْ أُمَيَّةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ خَالِدِ بْنِ أَسِيدٍ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ لاِبْنِ عُمَرَ كَيْفَ تَقْصُرُ الصَّلاَةَ وَإِنَّمَا قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ‏{‏ فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ ‏}‏ فَقَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَتَانَا وَنَحْنُ ضُلاَّلٌ فَعَلَّمَنَا فَكَانَ فِيمَا عَلَّمَنَا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ أَمَرَنَا أَنْ نُصَلِّيَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ فِي السَّفَرِ ‏.‏ قَالَ الشُّعَيْثِيُّ وَكَانَ الزُّهْرِيُّ يُحَدِّثُ بِهَذَا الْحَدِيثِ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ أَبِي بَكْرٍ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Umayyah bin 'Abdullah bin Khalid bin Asid said to Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : "How can the Salah be shortened as Allah said - فَلَيْسَ عَلَيْكُمْ جُنَاحٌ أَنْ تَقْصُرُوا مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ إِنْ خِفْتُمْ [There is no sin on you if you shorten the prayer if you are in fear] (An-Nisa - 101).  Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "O son of my brother, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to us when we had gone astray and he taught us. One of the things that he taught us was that Allah (عزّوجل) has commanded us to pray two Rak'a when traveling."

It was narrated from Abu Suhail, from his father, that he heard Talhah bin 'Ubaidullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "A man from the people of Najd came to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) with unkempt hair. We could hear him talking loudly but we could not understand what he was saying until he came closer. He was asking about Islam. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to him : 'Five prayers each day and night.' He said : Do I have to do anything else? He said: 'No, unless you do it voluntarily.'  He said : 'And fasting the month of Ramadan.' He said: 'Do I have to do anything else?'  He said : 'No, unless you do it voluntarily.' And the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mentioned Zakah to him, and he said: 'Do I have to do anything else?' He said : 'No, unless you do it voluntarily.' The man left saying : 'By Allah, I will not do any more than this or any less.' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'He will achieve salvation, if he is speaking the truth.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A man asked the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), how many prayers has Allah enjoined upon His servants?' He said: 'Allah has enjoined upon His servants (five) prayers.' He said: 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), is there anything before them or after them?' He said : 'Allah has enjoined upon His servants (five) prayers.' The man swore that he would not do anything more or less than that. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'If he is speaking the truth he will most certainly enter Paradise.'"
 
 
 

CHAPTER (5)

باب الْبَيْعَةِ عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ

Making a pledge to offer five daily prayers
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُسْهِرٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ رَبِيعَةَ بْنِ يَزِيدَ، عَنْ أَبِي إِدْرِيسَ الْخَوْلاَنِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي مُسْلِمٍ الْخَوْلاَنِيِّ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنَا الْحَبِيبُ الأَمِينُ، عَوْفُ بْنُ مَالِكٍ الأَشْجَعِيُّ قَالَ كُنَّا عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏"‏ أَلاَ تُبَايِعُونَ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَرَدَّدَهَا ثَلاَثَ مَرَّاتٍ فَقَدَّمْنَا أَيْدِيَنَا فَبَايَعْنَاهُ فَقُلْنَا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ قَدْ بَايَعْنَاكَ فَعَلاَمَ قَالَ ‏"‏ عَلَى أَنْ تَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا وَالصَّلَوَاتِ الْخَمْسِ وَأَسَرَّ كَلِمَةً خَفِيَّةً أَنْ لاَ تَسْأَلُوا النَّاسَ شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

'Awf bin Malik Al-Ashja'i (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "We were with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said: 'Will you not pledge to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)?' And he repeated it three times. So we stretched forth our hands to give our pledge. We said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), we are willing to give you our pledge, but on what?'  He said : 'That you will worship Allah and not associate anything with him, and (offer) five daily prayers.' And he said, very quietly : 'And you will not ask the people for anything.'"
 
أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ يَحْيَى بْنِ حَبَّانَ، عَنِ ابْنِ مُحَيْرِيزٍ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، مِنْ بَنِي كِنَانَةَ يُدْعَى الْمُخْدَجِيَّ سَمِعَ رَجُلاً، بِالشَّامِ يُكْنَى أَبَا مُحَمَّدٍ يَقُولُ الْوِتْرُ وَاجِبٌ ‏.‏ قَالَ الْمُخْدَجِيُّ فَرُحْتُ إِلَى عُبَادَةَ بْنِ الصَّامِتِ فَاعْتَرَضْتُ لَهُ وَهُوَ رَائِحٌ إِلَى الْمَسْجِدِ فَأَخْبَرْتُهُ بِالَّذِي قَالَ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ فَقَالَ عُبَادَةُ كَذَبَ أَبُو مُحَمَّدٍ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ كَتَبَهُنَّ اللَّهُ عَلَى الْعِبَادِ مَنْ جَاءَ بِهِنَّ لَمْ يُضَيِّعْ مِنْهُنَّ شَيْئًا اسْتِخْفَافًا بِحَقِّهِنَّ كَانَ لَهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ أَنْ يُدْخِلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَنْ لَمْ يَأْتِ بِهِنَّ فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ إِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ أَدْخَلَهُ الْجَنَّةَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Ibn Muhairiz that a man from Banu Kinanah who was called Al-Mukhdaji heard a man in Ash-Sham, who was known as Abu Muhammad, saying that Witr was obligatory. Al-Mukhdaji said : "In the morning I went to 'Ubadah bin As-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), and I met him while he was on his way to the Masjid. I told him what Abu Muhammad said, and 'Ubadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'Abu Muhammad is wrong. I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Five prayers are those that Allah has decreed for (His) servants, whoever does them, and does not neglect any of them out of disregard toward them, will have a promise from Allah that He will admit him to Paradise. And whoever does not perform them will have no such promise from Allah.   If He wills he will punish him and if He wills He will admit him to Paradise.

 

It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Do you think that if there was a river by the door of any one of you, and he bathed in it five times each day, would there be any trace of dirt left on him?" They said: "No trace of dirt would be left on him." He said: "That is the likeness of the five daily prayers. By means of them Allah erases sins."


It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin Buraidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The covenant that stands between us and them is the Salah; whoever abandons it, he has committed disbelief.'"

 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ حَرْبٍ، حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ رَبِيعَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ جُرَيْجٍ، عَنْ أَبِي الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ "‏ لَيْسَ بَيْنَ الْعَبْدِ وَبَيْنَ الْكُفْرِ إِلاَّ تَرْكُ الصَّلاَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : There is nothing between a person and disbelief except abandoning Salah."


It was narrated that Huraith bin Qabisah said : "I arrived in Madinah and said : 'O Allah, make it easy for me to find a righteous companion.' Then I sat with Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and said: 'I prayed to Allah to help me find a righteous companion.' So tell me a Hadith that you heard from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) so that Allah might benefit me from it. He said: 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: "The first thing for which a person will be brought to account will be his Salah. If it is sound then he will have succeeded, be salvaged, but if it is not,  then he will have lost and be doomed." Hammam (One of the narrators) said: "I do not know whether this was the words of Qatadah or part of the report." - "If anything is lacking from his obligatory prayers, He will say: 'Look and see whether My servant has any voluntary prayers to make up for what is deficient from his obligatory prayers.' Then all of his deeds will be dealt with in like manner."
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو دَاوُدَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، - يَعْنِي ابْنَ زِيَادِ بْنِ مَيْمُونٍ - قَالَ كَتَبَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْمَدِينِيِّ عَنْهُ - أَخْبَرَنَا أَبُو الْعَوَّامِ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنِ الْحَسَنِ، عَنْ أَبِي رَافِعٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُحَاسَبُ بِهِ الْعَبْدُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ صَلاَتُهُ فَإِنْ وُجِدَتْ تَامَّةً كُتِبَتْ تَامَّةً وَإِنْ كَانَ انْتَقَصَ مِنْهَا شَىْءٌ قَالَ انْظُرُوا هَلْ تَجِدُونَ لَهُ مِنْ تَطَوُّعٍ يُكَمِّلُ لَهُ مَا ضَيَّعَ مِنْ فَرِيضَةٍ مِنْ تَطَوُّعِهِ ثُمَّ سَائِرُ الأَعْمَالِ تَجْرِي عَلَى حَسَبِ ذَلِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "The first thing for which a person will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be his Salah. If it is found to be complete then it will be recorded as complete, and if anything is lacking He will say: 'Look and see if you can find any voluntary prayers with which to complete what he neglected of his obligatory prayers.' Then the rest of his deeds will be reckoned in like manner."

It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "The first thing for which a person will be brought to account will be his Salah. If it is complete (all well and good), otherwise Allah will say: 'Look and see if My servant did any voluntary prayer.' If he is found to have done voluntary prayers, his obligatory prayers will be completed therewith."
 
It was narrated from Abu Ayyub (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that a man said : "O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), tell me of a deed that will gain me admittance to Paradise." The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, establish the Salah, pay the Zakah and uphold the ties of kinship.
 
Since the man was holding the nose-reign of his camel, he left immediately after getting the reply as if he was riding his camel. 
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11)

باب عَدَدِ صَلاَةِ الظُّهْرِ فِي الْحَضَرِ

The number of raka in Zuhr prayer for a resident
Sunan an-Nasai, Vol 1, Bk 5, Hadith # 22
 
 
It was narrated from Ibn Al-Munkadir and Ibrahim bin Maisarah, that they heard Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "I prayed Zuhr with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) in  Madinah four Rak'a,  and Asr in Dhul-Hulaifah, two Rak'a."
 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Al-Hakam bin 'Utaibah said:"I heard Abu Juhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: 'The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) set off at midday, during the time of intense heat' - (One of the narrators) Ibn Al-Muthanna said, to Al-Batha' - and he performed Wudu' and prayed Zuhr, two Rak'a, and 'Asr, two Rak'a, with a short spear ('Anzah) in front of him.
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مَحْمُودُ بْنُ غَيْلاَنَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مِسْعَرٌ، وَابْنُ أَبِي خَالِدٍ، وَالْبَخْتَرِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي الْبَخْتَرِيُّ، كُلُّهُمْ سَمِعُوهُ مِنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عُمَارَةَ بْنِ، رُوَيْبَةَ الثَّقَفِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ لَنْ يَلِجَ النَّارَ مَنْ صَلَّى قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ غُرُوبِهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated from Abu Bakr bin 'Umarah bin Ruwaibah Ath-Thaqafi that his father said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'He will never enter the Fire, the one who prays before the sun rises and before it sets.'"
 
 

أَخْبَرَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ، عَنْ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ زَيْدِ بْنِ أَسْلَمَ، عَنِ الْقَعْقَاعِ بْنِ حَكِيمٍ، عَنْ أَبِي يُونُسَ، مَوْلَى عَائِشَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ أَمَرَتْنِي عَائِشَةُ أَنْ أَكْتُبَ لَهَا مُصْحَفًا فَقَالَتْ إِذَا بَلَغْتَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ فَآذِنِّي ‏{‏ حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى ‏}‏ فَلَمَّا بَلَغْتُهَا آذَنْتُهَا فَأَمْلَتْ عَلَىَّ حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى وَصَلاَةِ الْعَصْرِ وَقُومُوا لِلَّهِ قَانِتِينَ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُهَا مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏

It was narrated that Abu Yunus, the freed slave of  Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) the wife of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), said: Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) asked me to copy a Mushaf for her, and she said: 'When you reach this verse, call my attention - حَافِظُوا عَلَى الصَّلَوَاتِ وَالصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى  [ Maintain (five times) Salah  with care; and the middle Salah (in particular). Live in full submission in the way of Allah.] (Al-Baqara -238)  When I reached it, I called her attention and she dictated to me: "Maintain (five times) Salah  with care; and the middle Salah and Salat al-Asr.  Live in full submission in the way of Allah.'  Then she said: 'I heard it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا خَالِدٌ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي قَتَادَةُ، عَنْ أَبِي حَسَّانَ، عَنْ عَبِيدَةَ، عَنْ عَلِيٍّ، - رضى الله عنه - عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ شَغَلُونَا عَنِ الصَّلاَةِ الْوُسْطَى حَتَّى غَرَبَتِ الشَّمْسُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from 'Ali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "They distracted us from Salatul-Wusta (the middle prayer) until the sun went down."
 

 
أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى، عَنْ هِشَامٍ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي قِلاَبَةَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو الْمَلِيحِ، قَالَ كُنَّا مَعَ بُرَيْدَةَ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي غَيْمٍ فَقَالَ بَكِّرُوا بِالصَّلاَةِ فَإِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ تَرَكَ صَلاَةَ الْعَصْرِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Abu Qilabah said: "Abu Al-Malih narrated to me: 'We were with Buraidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) on a cloudy day and he said : "Pray early, for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever abandons Salat Al-Asr, his good deeds will perish.'"

 

It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "We used to estimate how long the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood when praying in Zuhr and Asr. We estimated that he stood in Zuhr for as long as it take to recite thirty verses, as long as Surat As-Sajadah in the first two Rak'a, and half that in the last two. And we estimated that he stood for as long in the first two Rak'a, and half that in the last two. And we estimated that he stood for as long in the first two Rak'a of Asr as he stood in the last two Rak'a of Zuhr, and we estimated that he stood half as long as that in the last two Rak'a of 'Asr."
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to stand in Zuhr and recite the equivalent of thirty verses in each Rak'a, then in the first two Rak'a of 'Asr he would stand for the equivalent of fifteen verses."
 

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) prayed Zuhr in Madinah, four Rak'a, and he prayed Asr in Dhul-Hulaifah, two Rak'a.

 
'Irak bin Malik narrated that Nawfal bin Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) told him that he heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: "Whoever misses 'Asr prayer, it is as if he has been robbed of his family and wealth." 'Irak said : 'And 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) informed me that he heard the Apostle of Allah (ﷺ) saying: 'Whosoever misses 'Asr prayer, it is as if he has been robbed of his family and wealth.' Yazid bin Abi Habib contradicted him (contradicted Ja'far bin Rabi'ah who narrated it from 'Irik). 
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عِيسَى بْنُ حَمَّادٍ، زُغْبَةُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا اللَّيْثُ، عَنْ يَزِيدَ بْنِ أَبِي حَبِيبٍ، عَنْ عِرَاكِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، أَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ أَنَّ نَوْفَلَ بْنَ مُعَاوِيَةَ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مِنَ الصَّلاَةِ صَلاَةٌ مَنْ فَاتَتْهُ فَكَأَنَّمَا وُتِرَ أَهْلَهُ وَمَالَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عُمَرَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ ‏"‏ هِيَ صَلاَةُ الْعَصْرِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ خَالَفَهُ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْحَاقَ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from 'Irak bin Malik that he heard that Nawfal bin Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Among the prayers is a prayer which, if a person misses, it is as if he is robbed of his family and his wealth." Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'It is 'Asr prayer.'" Muhammad bin Ishaq contradicted him.
 
It was narrated that 'Irak bin Malik said: "I heard Nawfal bin Mu'awiyah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say: 'There is a prayer which, if a person misses, it is as though he has been robbed of his family and his wealth.' Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'It is 'Asr prayer.'"

 

It was narrated that Salamah bin Kuhail said: "I saw Sa'eed bin Jubari in Muzdalifa'. He stood and prayed Maghrib, three Rak'a, then he stood and prayed 'Isha', two Rak'a. Then he mentioned that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had done the same thing in that place, and he mentioned that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has done the same thing in that place.
 
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا نَصْرُ بْنُ عَلِيِّ بْنِ نَصْرٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الأَعْلَى، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ أَعْتَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم بِالْعِشَاءِ حَتَّى نَادَاهُ عُمَرُ رضى الله عنه نَامَ النِّسَاءُ وَالصِّبْيَانُ ‏.‏ فَخَرَجَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ أَحَدٌ يُصَلِّي هَذِهِ الصَّلاَةَ غَيْرُكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يَوْمَئِذٍ أَحَدٌ يُصَلِّي غَيْرَ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ ‏.‏

It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aisha (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) delayed 'Isha' until 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) called him and said: 'The women and children have gone to sleep.' Then the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out and said : 'There is no one who is offering this prayer but you.' And at that time no one used to pray except the people of Madinah."

 

Al-Hakam said : "Sa'eed bin Jubair led us in prayer in Jam (Muzdalifa)'. (He prayed) Maghrib, three Rak'a with an Iqamah, then he prayed 'Isha' two Rak'a. Then he mentioned that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had done that, and he mentioned that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) had done that."
 
 
Salamah bin Kuhail narrated : "I heard Sa'eed bin Jubair say : 'I saw 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) pray in Jam (Muzdalifa)'; he made the Iqamah and prayed Maghrib, three Rak'a, then he prayed 'Isha', two Rak'a, then he said : 'This is what I saw the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) do in this place.'"
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Angels come to you in succession by night and day, and they meet at Fajr prayer and 'Asr prayer. Then those who spent the night among you ascend, and He (Allah) will ask them, although He knows best: 'In what condition did you leave My slaves.' They will say: 'We left them when they were praying and we came to them when they were praying.'"

 
 
It was narrated from Abu Huraira (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Prayer in congregation is twenty-five times more virtuous than the prayer of any one of you offered on his own. The angels of the night and the day meet at Fajr prayer. Recite if you wish - وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا [ Verily, the recitation of the Qur'an in the early dawn is ever witnessed.] (Al-Isra - 78)
 
 
 
Abu Bakr bin 'Umarah bin Ruwaibah narrated that his father said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'No one will enter the Fire who prays before the sun rises and before it sets.'"

 

It was narrated that Al-Bara (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We prayed toward Bait Al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for sixteen or seventeen months - Safwan was not sure - then it was changed to the Qiblah."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Al-Bara bin 'Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came to  Madinah and prayed toward Bait Al-Maqdis for sixteen months, then he was commanded to face towards the Ka'ba. A man who had prayed with the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) passed by some of the Ansar and said: 'I bear witness that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) has been commanded to face towards the Ka'ba' so they turned to face the Ka'ba."
 
 

It was narrated from Salim that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray voluntary prayers  while riding his mount, facing whatever direction it was facing, and he would pray Witr likewise, but he would not offer the prescribed prayers on it."
 
 
أَخْبَرَنَا عَمْرُو بْنُ عَلِيٍّ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، عَنْ يَحْيَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ كَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يُصَلِّي عَلَى دَابَّتِهِ وَهُوَ مُقْبِلٌ مِنْ مَكَّةَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ وَفِيهِ أُنْزِلَتْ ‏{‏ فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ ‏}‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray while on his animal when he was coming back from Makkah to Madinah. Concerning this, the verse was revealed - فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ  [So whichever side you turn you will find Allah. ] (Al-Baqara - 115)  
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to pray on his mount while on a journey, no matter what direction it was facing." Malik said : "Abdullah bin Dinar said : 'And Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to do likewise.'"
 

It was narrated that Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "While the people were in Quba', praying the Subh prayer, someone came to them and said that revelation had come to the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) the night before, and he has been commanded to face the Ka'ba. So they turned around. They were facing toward Ash-Sham, but now they turned to face toward the Ka'ba."
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