CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

 

 SUNAN IBN MAJAH

 

 VOLUME (1.2)

  

BOOK OF SUNNAH

 كتاب السنّه

 
 

CHAPTER (11.17)

فََضْلُ أبِي ذَرَّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'There is no one on earth, or under the sky, who speaks more truthfully than Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'" 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.18)

فََضْلُ سَعدِ بْنِ مُعَا ذٍ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of S'ad bin Muadh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Bara' bin 'Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was given a gift of a length of silk fabric. The people started passing it around to one another. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Are you admiring this?' They said: 'Yes, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' He said : 'By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! The handkerchief of Sa'd bin Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in Paradise is better than this.'"
 
 
 
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The Throne of The Most Merciful trembled upon the death of Sa'd bin Mu'adh (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ).'"
 
The content of this Hadith is doubtful.
 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.19)

فََضْلُ جَرِيْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ الْبَجَلِيَّ  رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Jarir bin Abdullah al-Bajali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 

 
It was narrated that Jarir bin 'Abdullah Al-Bajali (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) never refused to see me from the time I became Muslim, and whenever he saw me he would smile at me. I complained to him that I could not sit firmly on a horse, so he struck me on the chest with his hand and said: 'O Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), make him firm and cause him to guide others and be rightly-guided.'" 
 
 

CHAPTER (11.20)

فََضْلُ اَهْلِ بَدْرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُم

Virtues of the people of Badr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)
 
 
 
Rafi' bin Khadij (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Jibril (عليه السلام) or an angel came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and said: 'How do you regard those among you who were present at Badr?' He said : 'They are the best among us.' He said : 'We think the same (of the angels who were present at Badr), they are the best of the angels.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Do not revile my Companions, for by the One in Whose Hand is my soul! If any one of you were to spend the equivalent of Mount Uhud in gold, it would not equal a Mudd spent by anyone of them, nor even half a Mudd."
 

 
It was narrated that Nusair bin Dhu'luq (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say : 'Do not revile the Companions of Propheet Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), for the stay of anyone of them for a brief period (with the Prophet ﷺ) is better than all the good deeds that anyone of you does in his lifetime.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (11.21)

فََضْلُ الأنْصَارِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُم

Virtues of the people of Badr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Bara' bin 'Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever loves the Ansar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين), Allah will love him, and whoever hates the Ansar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہم اجمعين), Allah will hate him.' " (One of the narrators) Shu'bah said : "I said to 'Adi : 'Did you hear that from Bara' bin 'Azib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?' He said : 'It was to me that he narrated it.'"
 

 
It was narrated from 'Abdul-Muhaimin bin 'Abbas bin Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) from his father, from his grandfather, that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "The Ansar are an inner garment and the people are an outer garment. If the people were to head towards one valley or a narrow mountain pass and the Ansar towards another, I would travel to the valley of the Ansar, and were it not for the Hijrah, I would have been a man from among the Ansar."
 

 
Kathir bin 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin 'Awf (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that his grandfather said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) have mercy on the Ansar, and the children of the Ansar, and the grandchildren of the Ansar.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (11.22)

فََضْلُ بْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ

Virtues of Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) embraced me and said : 'O Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), teach him wisdom and the (correct) interpretation of the Book.'"
 
 
 

CHAPTER (12)

باب في ذِكْرِ الخَوَارِجِ

The Kharijites
   
 
It is narrated on the authority of Abidah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  from Ali bin Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that he mentioned the Khawarij, and said, 'among them there will be a man with a defective hand, or a short hand, or small hand.  If you were to exercise restraint, I would tell you of what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has promised from the lips of Prophet Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) for those who kill them." I (Abidahؓ ) asked (Hadhrat Aliؓ ) : "Did you hear that from Prophet Mohammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)?" He said: "Yes, by the Lord of the Ka'ba!' - three times."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : In the end times there will appear a people with new teeth (ie young in age), with foolish minds. They will speak the best words ever uttered by mankind and they will recite the Qur'an, but it will not go any deeper than their collarbones. They will go out of Islam like an arrow goes from the bow. Whoever meets them, let him kill them, for killing them will bring a reward from Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) for those who kill them."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Salamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I said to Abu Sa'eed Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) : 'Did you hear Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) mention anything about the Haruriyyah (a sub sect of Khawarij)?' He said : 'I heard him mention a people who would appear like devoted worshipers : "Such that anyone of you would regard his own prayer and fasting as insignificant when compared to theirs. But they will go out of Islam like an arrow goes out of the bow, then he (the archer) picks up his arrow and looks at its iron head but does not see anything, then he looks at the shaft and does not see anything, then he looks at the band : that which is wrapped around the iron head where it is connected to the shaft, then he looks at the feather and is not sure whether he sees anything or not."
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'There will be people among my Ummah  after me who will recite the Qur'an, but it will not go any deeper than their throats. They will go out of Islam like an arrow goes out of bow, then they will never return to it. They are the most evil of mankind and of all creation.' Abdullah bin Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I mentioned to Rafi' bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), the brother of Hakam bin 'Amr Ghifari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he said : 'I also heard that from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).'"
 


حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، وَسُوَيْدُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو الأَحْوَصِ، عَنْ سِمَاكٍ، عَنْ عِكْرِمَةَ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ لَيَقْرَأَنَّ الْقُرْآنَ نَاسٌ مِنْ أُمَّتِي يَمْرُقُونَ مِنَ الإِسْلاَمِ كَمَا يَمْرُقُ السَّهْمُ مِنَ الرَّمِيَّةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Zubair (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was in Ji'ranah and he was distributing gold nuggets and spoils of war which were in Bilal's (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) lap. A man said : 'Do justice, O Muhammed (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)!' He said : 'Woe to you! Who will do justice after me if I do not do justice?' 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Let me strike the neck of this hypocrite!' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'This man has some companions who recite the Qur'an but it does not go any deeper than their collarbones. They will go out of  Islam like an arrow out of the bow.'
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ibn Awfa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The Khawarij are the dogs of Hell.'"
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith #174
 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "There will emerge people who will recite the Qur'an but it will not go any deeper than their throats. Whenever a group of them appears, they should be cut off." Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Whenever a group of them appears, they should be killed' - (he said it) more than twenty times - 'until Dajjal emerges among them.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'At the end of time or among this nation (Ummah) there will appear people who will recite the Qur'an but it will not go any deeper than their collarbones or their throats. Their distinguishing feature will be their shaved heads. If you see them, or meet them, then kill them.'"
 

 
Abu Ghalib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "(The Khawarij) are the worst of the slain who are killed under heaven, and the best of the slain are those who were killed by them. Those (Khawarij) are the dogs of Hell. Those people were Muslims but they became disbelievers." I said: "O Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), is that your opinion?" He said : "Rather I heard it from the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)."
 
 
 

CHAPTER (13)

باب فِيمِا أنكَرَتِ الْجَهِْمِيَّةِ

Concerning the denial by the Jahmiyyah about seeing Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) in Hereafter
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jarir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were sitting with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). He looked at the moon, which was full, and said, 'Indeed, you will see your Lord as you see this moon. You will not feel the slightest inconvenience and overcrowding in seeing Him. If you have the power not to be overcome and to say this prayer before the sun rises and before it sets, then do that.' Then he recited وَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ قَبْلَ طُلُوعِ الشَّمْسِ وَقَبْلَ الْغُرُوبِ [And glorify the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting.] (Qaaf - 39)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Do you crowd one another in order to see the moon on the night when it is full?' They said : 'No.' He said: 'And you will not crowd one another in order to see your Lord on the Day of Resurrection.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم)! Will we see our Lord?' He said : 'Do you crowd one another to see the sun at mid-day when there are no clouds?' We said : 'No.' He said: 'Do you crowd one another to see the moon on the night when it is full and there are no clouds?' We said : 'No.' He said: 'You will not crowd one another to see Him, just as you do not crowd to see these two things.'"
 
 
 
Waki' bin Hudus (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his paternal uncle Abu Razin (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I said: 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), will we see Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) on the Day of Resurrection? And what is the sign of that in His creation?' He said : 'O Abu Razin (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), do each of you not see the moon individually?' I said : 'Of course.' He said : 'Allah is Greater, and that is His sign in His creation.'"
 
 
 
Waki' bin Hudus (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his paternal uncle Abu Razin (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) laughs at the despair of His slaves although He soon changes it.' I said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), does the Lord laugh?' He said : 'Yes.' I said : 'We shall never be deprived of good by a Lord Who laughs.'
 
 
 
Waki' bin Hudus (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his paternal uncle Abu Razin (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, "I said, O' Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) where was our Lord before He created His creation?' He said : He was above the clouds, below which was air, and above which was air and water. Then He created His Throne above the water.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Safwan bin Muhriz Al-Mazini (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "We were with 'Abdullah bin 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) when he was circumambulating the House; a man came up to him and said : 'O Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), what did you hear the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say about the Najwa (Allah's private speech to His servant on the day of Judgement).  Ibn Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said, I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying, 'The believer will be brought near his Lord on the day of Judgement, till He covers him with His screen and makes him confess his sins.  (He will be asked), Do you know (that you did such and such sin)? He will say, Yes I know, O Lord.  When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) gets from him what He likes to get, He will say, I concealed it in the world and I forgive it for you today.  Then the record (book) of his good deeds will be given to him (which he will receive) with his right hand.  As for the unbeliever or the hypocrite, it will be announced publicly before the witnesses - هَؤُلاَءِ الَّذِينَ كَذَبُوا عَلَى رَبِّهِمْ أَلاَ لَعْنَةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى الظَّالِمِينَ [ They are those who lied against their Lord.  Behold, Allah's curse be upon the wrongdoers.] (Hud - 18)
 
 
 
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, 'While the inhabitants of the Paradise are engaged in their pleasure, a light will shire over them, and when they raise their heads up, behold! He will be the Lord, looking upon them from above!  He will say, Peace be upon you O'inhabitants of the Paradise'.  This is (the significance of) His saying - سَلاَمٌ قَوْلاً مِنْ رَبٍّ رَحِيمٍ [Peace, a word of blessing from the Lord, Most Merciful.] ( Ya sin 58).  He will keep looking at them, and they at Him; and they will not turn (their sights) to whatever pleasure (they have) as long as they are looking at Him until He screens Himself from them, but His light and blessing will remain upon them in their residences (in the paradise).
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Adi bin Hatim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'There is no one among you but his Lord will speak to him without any intermediary between them. He will look to his right and will not see anything but that which he sent forth. He will look to his left and will not see anything but that which he sent forth. Then he will look in front of him and will be faced with the Fire. So whoever among you can protect himself from fire, even by means of half a date, let him do so.'"
 

 
Abu Bakr bin Qais Al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Two gardens, the utensils and contents of which are of silver, and two gardens, their vessels and everything in them is of gold, and nothing will prevent the people of the garden of Eden from seeing their Lord, the Blessed and Exalted, except the curtain of Majesty covering His Face.   
 

 
It was narrated that Suhaib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) recited this Verse  لِلَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا الْحُسْنَى وَزِيَادَةٌ [ For those who have done good is the best reward and even more.]  Then he said: 'When the people of Paradise enter Paradise, and the people of the Fire enter the Fire, a caller will call out: "O people of Paradise! You have a covenant with Allah and He wants to fulfill it." They will say: "What is it?" Has Allah not made the Balance (of our good deeds) heavy, and made our faces bright, and admitted us to Paradise and saved us from Hell?" Then the Veil will be lifted and they will look upon Him, and by Allah, Allah will not give them anything that is more beloved to them or delightful, than looking upon Him.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Ummul Momineen Aishah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہا) said : "Praise is to Allah Whose hearing encompasses all voices. The woman who disputed concerning her husband came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) when I was (sitting) in a corner of the house, and she complained about her husband, but I did not hear what she said. Then Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) revealed  قَدْ سَمِعَ اللَّهُ قَوْلَ الَّتِي تُجَادِلُكَ فِي زَوْجِهَا [ Indeed Allah has heard the statement of her that disputes with you concerning her husband.] (Al-Mujadilah - 1)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Your Lord wrote for Himself with His Own Hand before He created the creation: "My mercy precedes My wrath."
 

 
Talhah bin Khirash (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I head Jabir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say" 'When 'Abdullah bin 'Amr bin Haram (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) was killed on the Day of Uhud, I met Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and he said : "O Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), shall I not tell you what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has said to your father?" Yahya said in his Hadith : "And he said : 'O Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), why do I see you frustrated?' I (Jabirؓ ) said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), my father has been martyred and he has left behind dependents and debts.' He said : 'Shall I not give you the glad tidings of that with which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) met your father?' I said : 'Yes, O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' He said : 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) never spoke to anyone except from behind a screen, but He spoke to your father directly, and He said : "O My servant! Ask something from Me and I shall give it to you." He said : "O Lord, bring me back to life so that I may be killed in Your cause a second time." The Lord, Glorified is He, said : "I have already decreed that they will not return to life." He said : "My Lord, then convey (this news) to those whom I have left behind." Allah said وَلاَ تَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ قُتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ أَمْوَاتًا بَلْ أَحْيَاءٌ عِنْدَ رَبِّهِمْ يُرْزَقُونَ [ Think not of those as dead who are killed in the way of Allah, Nay, they are alive, with their Lord, and they have provision.] (Aal-e-Imran - 169)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will laugh at two persons; one of them kills the other, and both of them enter Paradise, for the first one fought in the cause of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and was martyred, then his killer repented to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and became Muslim, then he also fought in the cause of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and was martyred.'"
 

 
Sa'eed bin Musayyab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) used to say : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will seize the earth on the Day of Resurrection, and He will roll up the heavens in his Right Hand, then He will say, "I am the Sovereign. Where are the kings of the earth?'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abbas bin 'Abdul-Mutallib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I was in Batha with a group of people, among them whom was the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). A cloud passed over him, and he looked at it and said : 'What do you call this?' They said : 'Sahab (a cloud).' He said : 'And Muzn (rain cloud).' They said : 'And Muzn.' He said: 'And 'Anan (clouds).' Abu Bakr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "They said : 'And 'Anan.'" He said : 'How much (distance) do you think there is between you and the heavens?' They said : 'We do not know.' He said : 'Between you and it, is seventy-one, or seventy-two, or seventy-three years, and there is a similar distance between it and the heaven above it (and so on)' until he counted seven heavens. 'Then above the seventh heaven there is a sea, between whose top and bottom is a distance like that between one heaven and another. Then above that there are eight (angels in the form of) mountain goats. The distance between their hooves and their knees is like the distance between one heaven and the next. Then on their backs is the Throne, and the distance between the top and the bottom of the Throne is like the distance between one heaven and another. Then Allah is above that, the Blessed and Exalted."
 
The content of this Hadith is doubtful.
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "When Allah decrees a matter in heaven, the angels beat their wings in submission to his decree (with a sound) like a chain beating a rock. Then "When fear is banished from their hearts, they say: 'What is it that your Lord has said?' They say : 'The truth. And He is The Most High, The Most Great." He said : 'Then the eavesdroppers (from among the jinn) listen out for that, one above the other, so (one of them) hears the words and passes it on to the one beneath him. The Shihab (shooting star) may strike him before he can pass it on to the one beneath him and the latter can pass it on to the soothsayer or sorcerer, or it may not strike him until he has passed it on. And he adds one hundred lies to it, and only that word which was overheard from the heavens is true."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up among us and said five things. He said : 'Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers and raises the balance of the Scales. The deed done during the day is taken up to Him before the deed done during the night, and the deed done during the night before the deed done during the day. His Veil is Light, and if He were to remove it, the glory of his Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.'
 

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا الْمَسْعُودِيُّ، عَنْ عَمْرِو بْنِ مُرَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏"‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لاَ يَنَامُ وَلاَ يَنْبَغِي لَهُ أَنْ يَنَامَ يَخْفِضُ الْقِسْطَ وَيَرْفَعُهُ حِجَابُهُ النُّورُ لَوْ كَشَفَهَا لأَحْرَقَتْ سُبُحَاتُ وَجْهِهِ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ أَدْرَكَهُ بَصَرُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ ثُمَّ قَرَأَ أَبُو عُبَيْدَةَ ‏{أَنْ بُورِكَ مَنْ فِي النَّارِ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهَا وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ}‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Musa (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah does not sleep, and it is not befitting that He should sleep. He lowers and raises the Scales.. His Veil is Light, and if He were to remove it, the glory of his Face would burn everything of His creation, as far as His gaze reaches.' " Then Abu 'Ubaidah recited the verse  أَنْ بُورِكَ مَنْ فِي النَّارِ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهَا وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ [ Blessed is whosoever is in the fire, (the light of Allah) and whosoever is round about it! And Glorified is Allah, the Lord of all that exists.] (An-Naml - 8)
 
 
 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "The Right Hand of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is full and that is never affected by the continuous spending, night and day. In His other Hand, is the Scale, which He raises and lowers. Have you seen what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has spent since He created the heavens and the earth? And that has not decreased what is in His Hands in the slightest.'"
 
 
Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol 1, Muqaddama, Hadith #198
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الصَّبَّاحِ، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ أَبِي حَازِمٍ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ مِقْسَمٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّهُ قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ وَهُوَ عَلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ يَأْخُذُ الْجَبَّارُ سَمَوَاتِهِ وَأَرْضَهُ بِيَدِهِ - وَقَبَضَ بِيَدِهِ فَجَعَلَ يَقْبِضُهَا وَيَبْسُطُهَا - ثُمَّ يَقُولُ أَنَا الْجَبَّارُ أَيْنَ الْجَبَّارُونَ أَيْنَ الْمُتَكَبِّرُونَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَيَتَمَيَّلُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ وَعَنْ يَسَارِهِ حَتَّى نَظَرْتُ إِلَى الْمِنْبَرِ يَتَحَرَّكُ مِنْ أَسْفَلِ شَىْءٍ مِنْهُ حَتَّى إِنِّي أَقُولُ أَسَاقِطٌ هُوَ بِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say, when he was on the pulpit : '(On the Day of Judgement) The Compeller will seize the heavens and the earth in His Hand' and he (the Prophet ﷺ) clenched his fist and began to open and close it. Then He will say : "I am the Compeller! Where are the tyrants? Where are the arrogant?" He said, the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was turning to his right and to his left, until he (Ibn Umarؓ ) saw the pulpit moving from below and I thought : 'What if it falls with the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) on it?'"
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامُ بْنُ عَمَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا صَدَقَةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ جَابِرٍ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ بُسْرَ بْنَ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، يَقُولُ سَمِعْتُ أَبَا إِدْرِيسَ الْخَوْلاَنِيَّ، يَقُولُ حَدَّثَنِي النَّوَّاسُ بْنُ سَمْعَانَ الْكِلاَبِيُّ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ مَا مِنْ قَلْبٍ إِلاَّ بَيْنَ إِصْبَعَيْنِ مِنْ أَصَابِعِ الرَّحْمَنِ إِنْ شَاءَ أَقَامَهُ وَإِنْ شَاءَ أَزَاغَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَكَانَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏"‏ يَا مُثَبِّتَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قُلُوبَنَا عَلَى دِينِكَ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَالْمِيزَانُ بِيَدِ الرَّحْمَنِ يَرْفَعُ أَقْوَامًا وَيَخْفِضُ آخَرِينَ إِلَى يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Nawwas bin Sam'an Al-Kilabi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said :"I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'There is no heart that is not between two of the Fingers of the Most Merciful. If He wills, He guides it and if He wills, He sends it astray.' The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to say يَا مُثَبِّتَ الْقُلُوبِ ثَبِّتْ قُلُوبَنَا عَلَى دِينِكَ [O' You Who makes hearts steadfast make our hearts steadfast in adhering to Your religion.]  And he said : 'The Scale is in the Hand of the Most Merciful; He will cause some peoples to rise and others to fall until the day of Resurrection.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Allah smiles at three things: a row in the prayer, a man who prays in the depths of the night, and a man who fights' I think he said, 'behind the battalion.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir bin 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to appear before the people during the Hajj season and say : 'Is there any man who can take me to his people, for the Quraish have prevented me from conveying the Message of my Lord.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said concerning the Verse كُلَّ يَوْمٍ هُوَ فِي شَأْنٍ [ Every day is His new spectacle of Majesty.]. This includes forgiving sins, relieving distress, raising some people and bringing others low."
 
 

CHAPTER (14)

بابُ مَنْ سَنَّ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً أوْ سَيئِّةً

One who introduces a good or evil practice
 
 
It was narrated from Mundhir bin Jarir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever introduces a good practice that is followed, he will receive its reward and a reward equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in their slightest. And whoever introduces a bad practice that is followed, he will receive its sin and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "A man came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who encouraged the people to give charity to him. A man said : 'I have such and such,' and there was no one left in that gathering who did not give him something in charity, to a greater or lesser extent. The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever initiates a good practice that is followed, he will receive a perfect reward for that, and a reward equivalent to that of those who follow it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever introduces a bad practice that is followed, he will receive the complete burden of sin for that, and a burden of sin equivalent to that of those who follow it without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Every caller who invites people to misguidance and is followed, will have a burden of sin equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest. And every caller who invites people to true guidance and is followed, will have a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Whoever calls people to true guidance, will have a reward equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever calls people to misguidance, will have a (burden of) sin equal to that of those who follow him, without that detracting from their sins in the slightest.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو نُعَيْمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو إِسْرَائِيلَ، عَنِ الْحَكَمِ، عَنْ أَبِي جُحَيْفَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ مَنْ سَنَّ سُنَّةً حَسَنَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ كَانَ لَهُ أَجْرُهَا وَمِثْلُ أُجُورِهِمْ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَيْئًا وَمَنْ سَنَّ سُنَّةً سَيِّئَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا بَعْدَهُ كَانَ عَلَيْهِ وِزْرُهُ وَمِثْلُ أَوْزَارِهِمْ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْ يَنْقُصَ مِنْ أَوْزَارِهِمْ شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Juhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever introduces a good practice that is followed after him, will have a reward for that and the equivalent of their reward, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. Whoever introduces an evil practice that is followed after him, will bear the burden of sin for that and the equivalent of their burden of sin, without that detracting from their burden in the slightest.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو مُعَاوِيَةَ، عَنْ لَيْثٍ، عَنْ بَشِيرِ بْنِ نَهِيكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ مَا مِنْ دَاعٍ يَدْعُو إِلَى شَىْءٍ إِلاَّ وُقِفَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ لاَزِمًا لِدَعْوَتِهِ مَا دَعَا إِلَيْهِ وَإِنْ دَعَا رَجُلٌ رَجُلاً ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'There is no caller who invites people to a thing but on the Day of Resurrection he will be made to stand next to that to which he called others, even if he only called one another person.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (15)

بَابُ مَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّةً قَدْ أُمِيتَتْ

One who revives a Sunnah that is died out
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو بَكْرِ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا زَيْدُ بْنُ الْحُبَابِ، حَدَّثَنَا كَثِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرِو بْنِ عَوْفٍ الْمُزَنِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، عَنْ جَدِّي، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّةً مِنْ سُنَّتِي فَعَمِلَ بِهَا النَّاسُ كَانَ لَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أُجُورِهِمْ شَيْئًا وَمَنِ ابْتَدَعَ بِدْعَةً فَعُمِلَ بِهَا كَانَ عَلَيْهِ أَوْزَارُ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَوْزَارِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Kathir bin Abdullah bin Amr bin Awf Al-Muzani (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "My father told me narrating from my grandfather, that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever revives a Sunnah of mine, which people then act upon, will have a reward equivalent to that of those who act upon it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. And whoever introduces an innovation (Bid'ah) that is acted upon, will have a burden of sins equivalent to that of those who act upon it, withot that detracting from the burden of those who act upon it in the slightest.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى، حَدَّثَنَا إِسْمَاعِيلُ بْنُ أَبِي أُوَيْسٍ، حَدَّثَنِي كَثِيرُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ جَدِّهِ، قَالَ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ يَقُولُ ‏ "‏ مَنْ أَحْيَا سُنَّةً مِنْ سُنَّتِي قَدْ أُمِيتَتْ بَعْدِي فَإِنَّ لَهُ مِنَ الأَجْرِ مِثْلَ أَجْرِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا مِنَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أُجُورِ النَّاسِ شَيْئًا وَمَنِ ابْتَدَعَ بِدْعَةً لاَ يَرْضَاهَا اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ فَإِنَّ عَلَيْهِ مِثْلَ إِثْمِ مَنْ عَمِلَ بِهَا مِنَ النَّاسِ لاَ يَنْقُصُ مِنْ آثَامِ النَّاسِ شَيْئًا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
Kathir bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father, that his grandfather said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Whoever revives a Sunnah of mine that dies out after I am gone, he will have a reward equivalent to that of those among the people who act upon it, without that detracting from their reward in the slightest. Whoever introduces an innovation (Bid'ah) with which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and his Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) are not pleased, he will have a (burden of) sin equivalent to that of those among the people who act upon it, without that detracting from their sins in the slightest.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (16)

بَابُ فَضْلِ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ

The virtue of the one who learns Quran and teaches it
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ الْقَطَّانُ، حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، وَسُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ مَرْثَدٍ، عَنْ سَعْدِ بْنِ عُبَيْدَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ السُّلَمِيِّ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ شُعْبَةُ ‏"‏ خَيْرُكُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ وَقَالَ سُفْيَانُ ‏"‏ أَفْضَلُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that 'Uthman bin Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : (according to one of the narrators) Shu'bah (he) said : 'The best of you' (and according to) Sufyan (he) said : "The most excellent of you is the one who learns the Qur'an and teaches it."
 
 
 
حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا وَكِيعٌ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ، عَنْ عَلْقَمَةَ بْنِ مَرْثَدٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ السُّلَمِيِّ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ عَفَّانَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ أَفْضَلُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that 'Uthmaan bin 'Affan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The most excellent of you is the one who learns the Qur'an and teaches it.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا أَزْهَرُ بْنُ مَرْوَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْحَارِثُ بْنُ نَبْهَانَ، حَدَّثَنَا عَاصِمُ بْنُ بَهْدَلَةَ، عَنْ مُصْعَبِ بْنِ سَعْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ "‏ خِيَارُكُمْ مَنْ تَعَلَّمَ الْقُرْآنَ وَعَلَّمَهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ وَأَخَذَ بِيَدِي فَأَقْعَدَنِي مَقْعَدِي هَذَا أُقْرِئُ ‏.‏
 
Mus'ab bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The best of you is the one who learns the Qur'an and teaches it.' " 'Then he (Mus'ab) took me (the narrator) by the hand and made me sit, and I started to teach Qur'an.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، وَمُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الْمُثَنَّى، قَالاَ حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ شُعْبَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، عَنْ أَبِي مُوسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ، عَنِ النَّبِيِّ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ قَالَ ‏ "‏ مَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الأُتْرُجَّةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَرِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَمَثَلُ الْمُؤْمِنِ الَّذِي لاَ يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ التَّمْرَةِ طَعْمُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَلاَ رِيحَ لَهَا وَمَثَلُ الْمُنَافِقِ الَّذِي يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الرَّيْحَانَةِ رِيحُهَا طَيِّبٌ وَطَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَمَثَلُ الْمُنَافِقِ الَّذِي لاَ يَقْرَأُ الْقُرْآنَ كَمَثَلِ الْحَنْظَلَةِ طَعْمُهَا مُرٌّ وَلاَ رِيحَ لَهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "The likeness of the believer who recites the Qur'an is that of a citron, the taste and smell of which are good. The likeness of a believer who does not read  Qur'an is that of a date, the taste of which is good but it has no smell. The likeness of a hypocrite who reads the Qur'an is that of a sweet basil, the smell of which is good but its taste is bitter. And the likeness of a hypocrite who does not read the Qur'an is that of a colocynth (bitter apple), the taste of which is bitter and it has no smell.'"
 

 
حَدَّثَنَا بَكْرُ بْنُ خَلَفٍ أَبُو بِشْرٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ مَهْدِيٍّ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ بُدَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏"‏ إِنَّ لِلَّهِ أَهْلِينَ مِنَ النَّاسِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالُوا يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ مَنْ هُمْ قَالَ ‏"‏ هُمْ أَهْلُ الْقُرْآنِ أَهْلُ اللَّهِ وَخَاصَّتُهُ ‏"‏ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Allah has His own people among mankind.' They said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who are they?' He said : 'The people of the Qur'an, the people of Allah and those who are closest to Him.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Hadhrat Ali bin Abu Talib (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever reads the Qur'an and memorizes it, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will admit him to Paradise and allow him to intercede for ten of his family members who all deserved to enter Hell.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Learn the Qur'an, recite it and go to bed, for the likeness of the Qur'an and the one who learns it and acts upon it is that of a sack filled with musk, which spreads its fragrance everywhere. And the likeness of one who learns it then goes to bed with it in his heart is that of a sack that is tied up from which no fragrance comes out.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Nafi' bin 'Abdul-Harith (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) met  Hadhrat Umar bin Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in 'Usfan, when 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) had appointed him as his Governer in Makkah. 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) asked: "Whom have you appointed as your deputy over the people of the valley?" He said : "I have appointed Ibn Abza (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) over them." 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "Who is Ibn Abza (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)?" Nafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)' said: "One of our freed slaves." 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "Have you appointed a freed slave over them?" Nafi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)' said : "He has great knowledge of the Book of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), is well versed in the rules of inheritance (Fara'id) and is a (good) judge." 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said: "Did not your Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Allah raises some people (in status) because of this book and brings others low because of it?'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to me : 'O Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)! For you to come out in the morning and learn one Verse from the Book of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) is better for you than praying one hundred Rak'ah, and for you to come out and learn a matter of knowledge, whether it is acted upon or not, is better for you than praying one thousand Rak'ah.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (17)

بَابُ فَضْلِ الْعُلَمَاءِ وَالْحَثِّ عَلَى طَلَبِ الْعِلْمِ

The virtue of the scholars and encouragement to seek knowledge
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wills good for a person, He causes him to understand the religion.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Yunus bin Maisarah bin Halbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard Mu'awiyah bin Abu Sufyan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrating that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Goodness is a  habit while evil is a stubbornness . When Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) wills good for a person, He causes him to understand the religion.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Ibn Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'One Faqeeh is more formidable against Satan than one thousand devoted worshipers.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Kathir bin Qais (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I was sitting with Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in the mosque of Damascus when a man came to him and said : 'O Abu Darda (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), I have come to you from Madinah, the city of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), for a Hadith which I have heard that you narrate from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم).' He said : 'Did you not come for trade?' He said : 'No.' He said: 'Did you not come for anything else?' He said : 'No.' He said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : "Whoever follows a path in the pursuit of knowledge, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will make easy for him a path to Paradise. The angels lower their wings in approval of the seeker of knowledge, and everyone in the heavens and on Earth prays for forgiveness for the seeker of knowledge, even the fish in the sea. The superiority of the scholar over the worshiper is like the superiority of the moon above all other heavenly bodies. The scholars are the heirs of the prophets, for the prophets did not leave behind a Dinar or Dirham, rather they left behind knowledge, so whoever takes it,  has taken a great share.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Seeking knowledge is a duty upon every Muslim, and he who imparts knowledge to those who do not deserve it, is like one who puts a necklace of jewels, pearls and gold around the neck of swines."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever relieves a Muslim of some worldly distress, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will relieve him of some of the distress of the Day of Resurrection, and whoever conceals (the faults of) a Muslim, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will conceal him (his faults) in this world and the Day of Resurrection. And whoever relives the burden from a destitute person, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will relieve him (his burden) in this world and the next. Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will help His servant so long as His servant  helps his brother. Whoever follows a path in pursuit of knowledge, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will make easy for him a path to Paradise. No people gather in one of the houses of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), reciting the Book of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) and teaching it to one another, but the angels will surround them, tranquility will descend upon them, mercy will envelop them and Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will mention them to those who are with Him. And whoever is hindered because of his bad deeds, his lineage will be of no avail to him.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Zirr bin Hubaish (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I went to Safwan bin 'Assal Al-Muradi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) and he said : 'What brought you here?' I said : 'I am seeking knowledge.' He said : 'I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: "There is no one who goes out of his house in order to seek knowledge, but the angels lower their wings in approval of his action.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Whoever comes to this mosque of mine, and only comes for a good purpose, such as to learn or to teach, his status is like that of one who fights in Jihad in the cause of Allah. Whoever comes for any other purpose, his status is that of a man who is keeping an eye on other people's property.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'You must acquire this knowledge before it is taken away, and its taking away means that it will be lifted up.' He joined his middle finger and the one that next to the thumb like this, and said : 'The scholar and the seeker of knowledge will share the reward, and there is no good in the rest of the people.'"
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abdullah bin Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) came out of one of his rooms one day and entered the mosque, where he saw two circles, one reciting Qur'an and supplicating to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and the other learning and teaching. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Both of them are good. These people are reciting the Qur'an and supplicating to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), and if He wills He will give them, and if He wills He will withhold from them. And these people are learning and teaching. Verily I have been sent as a teacher.' Then he sat down with them."
 
 

CHAPTER (18)

بَابُ مَنْ بَلَّغَ عِلْمًا

He who conveys knowledge
 
 
 
It was narrated from Zaid bin Thabit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) cause his face to shine, the man who hears what I say and conveys it (to others). There are those who have knowledge but no understanding, and there may be those who convey knowledge to those who have more understanding of it than they do.' " (One of the narrators) 'Ali bin Muhammed' added to it : "There are three things because of which hatred does not enter the heart of a Muslim : Sincerity in doing an action for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ); being sincere towards the rulers of the Muslims; and adhering to the Jama'ah (main body of the Muslims)."
 
 
 
Muhammed bin Jubair bin Mut'im (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) stood up at Khaif (high land) in Mina and said : 'May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) cause his face to shine, the man who hears what I say and conveys it (to others). There are those who have knowledge but no understanding, and there may be those who convey knowledge to those who have more understanding of it than they do.'"
 
There are other chains for this Hadith with similar wording.

 
 
Abdur-Rahman bin Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "May Allah cause his face to shine, the man who hears a Hadith from us and conveys it, for perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed may remember it better than the one who (first) hears it."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Bakrah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) delivered a religious speech on the Day of Sacrifice and said : 'Let those who are present convey to those who are absent. For perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will understand it better than the one who (first) hears it.'"
 

 
Bahz bin Hakim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that his grandfather Mu'awiyah Al-Qushairi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Let the one who is present convey to the one who is absent.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Let those of you who are present, convey it to those of you who are absent."
 

 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'May Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) cause to flourish a servant (of His) who hears my words and understands them, then  conveys them from me. There are those who have knowledge but no understanding, and there may be those who convey knowledge to those who may have more understanding of it than they do.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (19)

بَابُ مَنْ كَانَ مِفْتَاحًا لِلْخَيْرِ

One who opens the door to good
 
 
 
It was narrated that Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Some people open the door to good and close the door to evil, and some people open the door to evil and close the door to good. Glad tidings to those in whose hands Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) places they keys to good, and woe to those in whose hands Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) places the keys to evil.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Sahl bin Sa'd (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "This goodness contains many treasures, and for those treasures there are keys. So glad tidings to the one whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) makes a key to good and a lock for evil, and woe to the one whom Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) makes a key to evil and a lock to good."
 

CHAPTER (20)

بَابُ ثَوْابِ مُعَلِّمِ النَّاسِ الْخَيْرَ

The reward of the one who teaches the people
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Dharr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Everyone in the universe, in the heavens and on earth, prays for forgiveness for the scholar, even the fish in the sea."
 

 
Sahl bin Mu'adh bin Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated from his father that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Whoever teaches some knowledge will have the reward of the one who acts upon it, without that detracting from his reward in the slightest."
 

 
Abdullah bin Abu Qatadah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'The best things that a man can leave behind are three : A righteous son who will pray for him, ongoing charity whose reward will reach him, and knowledge which is acted upon after his death.'"
 
There is another chain of narrators for this Hadith with similar wording.
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'The rewards of the good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are : Knowledge which he taught and spread; a righteous son whom he leaves behind; a copy of the Qur'an that he leaves as a legacy; a mosque that he built; a house that he built for wayfarers; a canal that he dug; or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health. These deeds will reach him after his death.'"
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "The best of charity is when a Muslim man gains knowledge, then he teaches it to his Muslim brother."
 
 

CHAPTER (21)

بَابُ مَنْ كَرِهَ أَنْ يُوطَأَ عَقِبَاهُ

He who dislikes people walking behind him
 
 
 
It was narrated from Shu'aib bin 'Abdullah bin 'Amr (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that his father said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was never seen eating while reclining or making two men walk behind him."
 
There are other chains for this Hadith with similar meanings.
 
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Umamah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) walked on a very hot day towards Baqi Al-Gharqad (graveyard of Madinah), and the people were walking behind him.  When he heard the sound of their shoes,  he sat down and made them go ahead.  It was to teach people that if a person walked ahead of a group of people, he may feel pride. 
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir bin 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) walked, his Companions would walk in front of him, and he would leave his back for the angels."
 
 

CHAPTER (22)

بَابُ الْوَصَاةِ بِطَلَبَةِ الْعِلْمِ

Taking care of the seekers of knowledge
 
 
 
 
Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "People will come to you seeking knowledge. When you see them,  say to them, 'Welcome, welcome,' in obedience to the injunctions of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and instruct them in knowledge." (One of the narrators said) "I said to Al-Hakam : 'What is 'Iqnuhum (اقْنُوهُمْ)?' He said: 'Instruct them.'"
 

 
It was narrated on the authority of Ismail (Ibn Muslim) : We came to visit al-Hasan (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) in order to inquire about his health (and we increased in number) until we filled his house. Thereupon he (al-Hasanؓ ) withdrew his feet (out of showing respect) and said : Once, we visited Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ)  to inquire about his health (and our number increased) until we filled his house. Thereupon he withdrew his feet and said : Once, we came to visit the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) and our number increased until we filled the house, while he was lying on his side.  When he saw us, he withdrew his feet and said, 'No doubt, many people would come to you after my (death) seeking knowledge.  You should welcome them, greet them (with peace), and instruct them in knowledge. He (Al-Hasanؓ ) commented, 'We, by Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), have come to people who neither welcomed us, nor did they greet us, nor did they give us knowledge when we went to them, rather they deserted us.' 
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Harun Al-'Abdi (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "When we came to Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), he said : 'Welcome, in accordance with the injunction of the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), for the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said to us: "The people will follow you; they will come to you from all parts of the world seeking to understand the religion. So when they come to you, take care of them."
 

CHAPTER (23)

بَابُ الاِنْتِفَاعِ بِالْعِلْمِ وَالْعَمَلِ بِهِ

Gaining benefit from the knowledge and acting in accordance with it
 
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "One of the supplications that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was -  اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ لاَ يَنْفَعُ وَمِنْ دُعَاءٍ لاَ يُسْمَعُ وَمَنْ قَلْبٍ لاَ يَخْشَعُ وَمِنْ نَفْسٍ لاَ تَشْبَعُ  [O Allah, I seek refuge with You from knowledge that is of no benefit, from a supplication that is not heard, from a heart that does not fear (You) and from a Nafs that is not satisfied].
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) used to supplicate - اللَّهُمَّ انْفَعْنِي بِمَا عَلَّمْتَنِي وَعَلِّمْنِي مَا يَنْفَعُنِي وَزِدْنِي عِلْمًا وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ  [ O Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), benefit me by that which You have taught me, and teach me that which will benefit me, and increase my knowledge. Praise is to Allah in all circumstances].'"
 

 
قَالَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ أَنْبَأَنَا أَبُو حَاتِمٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا فُلَيْحُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ، فَذَكَرَ نَحْوَهُ ‏.‏
 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Whoever acquires knowledge, not for the sake of Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) rather to acquire worldly gains,  will not smell the fragrance of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection.'"
 
There is another chain for this Hadith with similar wording.
 

 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "Whoever seeks knowledge in order to argue with the foolish, or to show off before the scholars, or to attract people's attention, will be in Hell."
 

 
It was narrated from Jabir bin 'Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that : The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Do not seek knowledge in order to show off in front of the scholars, or to argue with the foolish, and do not choose the best seat in a gathering, due to it (in view of the knowledge which you have acquired) for whoever does that, the Fire, the Fire (awaits him)."
 

 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Abbas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : "There will be some people among my Ummah who will gain knowledge of the religion, and they will recite Qur'an, therewith they would say ' Let us go to the rulers so that we may have some share of their worldly wealth and we will make sure that our religious commitment do not get affected (from that wealth). But that will not be the case. Just as nothing can be harvested from the shrubs except thorns, so nothing can be gained from being close to rulers except (sins).' (One of the narrators) Mohammed bin As-Sabbah said : "It is as if he meant, 'except sins'."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Seek refuge with Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) from the pit of grief.' They said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), what is the pit of grief?' He said : 'A valley in Hell from which Hell itself seeks refuge four hundred times each day.' It was said : 'O Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), who will enter it?' He said : 'It has been prepared for reciters of the Qur'an who want to show off their deeds. The most hateful of reciters of the Qur'an to Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) are those who visit the rulers.'"
 
There are more chains of narrators for this Hadith. 
 
 
 
It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin Mas'ud (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "If the people of knowledge had taken care of it and presented it only to those who cared for it, they would have become the leaders of their age by virtue of that. But they squandered it on the people of wealth and status in this world in order to gain some worldly benefit, so the people of wealth and status began to look down on them. I heard Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : 'Whoever focuses all his concerns on one issue, the concerns of the Hereafter, Allah will suffice him and spare him the worries of this world. But whoever wanders off in concern over different worldly issues, Allah will not care in which of these valleys he is destroyed.'"
 
There is another chain of narrators for this Hadith with similar wording.
 

 
It was narrated from Ibn 'Umar (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "Whoever seeks knowledge for a reason other than the sake of Allah, or intends it for a purpose other than for the sake of Allah, let him take his place in Hell."
 

 
It was narrated that Hudhaifah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say: 'Do not acquire knowledge in order to show off before the scholars, or to argue with the foolish, or to attract people's attention, for whoever does that will be in Hell.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever seeks knowledge in order to argue with the foolish, or to show off before the scholars, or to attract people's attention, Allah will admit him to Hell.'"
 
 

CHAPTER (24)

بَابُ مَنْ سُئِلَ عَنْ عِلْمٍ فَكَتَمَهُ

One who is asked about knowledge but he conceals it
 

 
It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: "There is no man who memorizes knowledge then conceals it, but he will be brought forth on the Day of Resurrection bridled with reins of fire."
 
There is another chain of narrators for this Hadith with similar wording.
 

 
It was narrated that 'Abdur-Rahman bin Hurmuz Al-A'raj (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) heard Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "By Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ), were it not for two Verses in the Book of Allah, I would never have narrated anything from him, meaning from the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم); were it not for the Words of Allah -  إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَكْتُمُونَ مَا أَنزَلْنَا مِنَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَالْهُدَىٰ مِن بَعْدِ مَا بَيَّنَّاهُ لِلنَّاسِ فِي الْكِتَابِ ۙ أُولَـٰئِكَ يَلْعَنُهُمُ اللَّهُ وَيَلْعَنُهُمُ اللَّاعِنُونَ  -  إِلَّا الَّذِينَ تَابُوا وَأَصْلَحُوا وَبَيَّنُوا فَأُولَـٰئِكَ أَتُوبُ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَأَنَا التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ   [ Indeed, those who conceal what We sent down of clear proofs and guidance after We made it clear for the people in the Scripture - those are cursed by Allah and cursed by those who curse, except for those who repent and correct themselves and make evident (what they concealed). To them I turn and I am the Accepting of repentance, the Merciful. ] (Al-Baqara - 159-60)
 
 
 
It was narrated that Jabir (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : When the latter generations of this Ummah come to curse those of the first generation (in view of their ignorance resulting from the lack of knowledge), then, (you should know that) whoever conceals a narration (pertaining to the superiority of those belonging to the first generation of Islam) has, in fact, concealed, what Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) revealed. 
 

 
Yusuf bin Ibrahim (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : 'I heard Anas bin Malik (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) say : "I heard the Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) say : "Whoever is asked about knowledge and conceals it, it will be bridled on the Day of Resurrection with reins of fire.'"
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever conceals knowledge which Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) has made beneficial for mankind's affairs of religion, Allah (عَزَّ وَجَلَّ) will bridle him with reins of fire on the Day of Resurrection."
 

 
It was narrated that Abu Hurairah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) said : "The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: 'Whoever is asked about knowledge that he has and he conceals it, will be bridled on the Day of Resurrection with reins of fire.'"
 
 
  

 

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