CIF INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION

العقيدة الإسلامية الصحيحة

 

 

 

 

THE AMMAN MESSAGE

 

Written   By

 

Shaikh Mir Asedullah Quadri 

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INTRODUCTION 

    

بِسم الله الرحمنِ الرحيم  

 الحمد لله رب العالمين ، والصلاة والسلام على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين

 

In 2004-05 King Abdullah II of Jordan prepared a document called Amman Message. 

Many Scholars belonging to different sects among Muslims signed this document to agree to what the King had to say.  This way, King Abdullah II of Jordan became the Imam of  a New Sect among Muslims.  Under Amman Message, two things were agree; (i) All Muslim sects are true Muslims, and (ii) Jews, Christians, Buddhists and anyone who believed in one god, irrespective of his perception was declared a believer, just like Muslims. King Abdullah II of Jordan obtained the signatures   of many  rulers of Muslim majority countries as well as   some famous scholars, belonging to various Muslim sects; like,  Muhammad Tantawy, Ahmed Kuftaro, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Abdullah bin Bayyah, Taqi Usmani, Ali Hosseini Khamenei, Taher Ul Qadri, Abdullah Al-Harariyy Al-Habashi, Ali Zain Al-Abidin Al-Jifri, Hamza Yusuf Hanson, etc. 

 
In July 2005 King Abdullah II of Jordan convened an international Islamic conference of 200 Islamic scholars belonging to different Muslim sects who unanimously issued a ruling on three fundamental issues which became known as the 'Three Points of the Amman Message', as follows.  
 
(a) They specifically recognized the (religious) validity of all 8 Mathhabs (legal schools) of Sunni, Shi'a and Ibadhi Islam; of traditional Islamic Theology (Ash'arism); of Islamic Mysticism (Sufism), and of true Salafi thought, and came to a precise definition of who is a Muslim.
 
(b) Based upon this definition they forbade takfir (declarations of apostasy) between Muslims (sects).
 
(c) Based upon the Mathahib they set forth the subjective and objective preconditions for the issuing of fatawas, thereby exposing ignorant and illegitimate edicts in the name of Islam.
 
The meaning of Amman Message  
(i) As per the Amman message, Salafis / Wahhabis / Deobandis are True Muslims (even though they believe in a Sky Idol God who has a physical body and human like limbs.  In addition, they openly disrespect Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), in their speeches, in books and on media.
 
(ii) Shias, are also treaded Muslims even though they do takfeer of Khulafa-e-Rashideen and Sahabah and even their Kalima Shahadah is different from other Muslim sects.
 
(iii) Ibadis are also True Muslims even though we all know that they are Kharijis.
 
A separate book is written for Amman Interfaith Message propagated by Amman Message Team in the world. 
  

It is in Hadith - Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said: “Jews got divided into seventy one groups and Christians got divided into seventy two groups and my nation will get divided into seventy three groups. All the groups will enter the Hell except one. They asked: “Allah’s (SWT) Messenger which one is it? He replied: “Those who will remain on the path on which I and my companions are today” narrated by Abu Dawood, Ibn Majah, and Ahmad.

It is in Hadith - It is narrated on the authority of Abdullaah ibn Amr (ru) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said that the (Muslim) Ummah will divide into seventy-three groups; all of them will enter Hell except one, namely, the one that follows the way of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم), and that of his companions. (Tirmizi). 

It is clearly stated in the above Ahadith that only one Group is on the right path of Islam  and the rest will be thrown in Hell Fire (because they are not on the right path of Islam).  

As against these Ahadith, the Amman Islamic Message or Declaration accepts hundreds of Groups /sects as true Muslims. By signing the above declaration, Taher Ul Qadri (and some other scholars) have gone directly against the Prophet of Islam (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) who declared only one Group to be on the right path of Islam who will enter paradise and the rest will be dwellers of Hell
 
Amman Message followers misguide innocent Muslims by quoting the following Ahadith and claim that whoever reads Kalima Tayyiba, is a Muslim.
 
(i) It is in Hadith - Narrated by Anas (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said, "Whoever said there is no god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell.  And whoever said - There is no  god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said "there is no god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell."  (Bukhari)  
 
(ii) It is in Hadith - Ubadah bin As-Samit (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) reported : The Apostle of Allah (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said :  " He who bears witness that there is no true god except Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), alone having no partner with Him, that Mohammad (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) is His servant and His Apostle, that Isa (عليه السلام) is His servant and Apostle and he (Isa - عليه السلام) is his Word ( Kalimatullah - as referred in Quran - إِنَّمَا الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ وَكَلِمَتُهُ أَلْقَاهَا إِلَىٰ مَرْيَمَ وَرُوحٌ مِّنْهُ ۖ- (An-Nisa 171) which He communicated to Maryam (عليها السلام) and His spirit (Jibreel - عليه السلام) which He sent to her, that Jannah is true and Hell is true; Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) will make him enter Jannah accepting whatever deeds he accomplished. (Bukhari, Muslim)
 
Let us  discuss briefly who is a true Muslim in the light of Quran and Ahadith. 
A person who proclaims Islamic Shahadah and his beliefs are as per truthful Islamic faith based on Quran and Sunnah  is a true Muslim. However, authenticity of this declaration depends upon his actual beliefs. Because Iman is concerned with the belief in heart.   
It is in Hadith - Narrated Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ), I heard Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended" (Bukhari, Book # 1, Hadith # 1).
Muslims offer Salah in congregations.  In congregation, they form rows and physically it looks that the person in the back row, is prostrating to the person in the front row.  However, the intention of the person is taken into account here.  Since the intention of the person is that he is prostrating to Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی), therefore Salah is valid and is an Ibadah.
 
Similarly, it is the intention of the person in Islamic belief (Sahih Iman) that makes him a Muslim or not.  This was the reason, the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) said that out of 73 Sects of Muslims, only one Group is on the right path and the rest will be thrown in Hell Fire.
 
In the light of the Ahadith about Sects among Muslims mentioned above, let us see who is a True Muslim and who is not.
(i) If a person proclaims Islamic Shahadah, but claims that he worships a  God who is sitting over the skies,  has human like body and limbs; cannot be regarded as Muslim. 
 
The Aqeedah (faith) of Salafis/Deobandis and their like minded Groups about their God is as follows.
(a) Allah needs. (b) Allah is divisible. (c) Allah settles in a place. (d) Allah has six directions - up, down, left, right, front and back.  He is sitting above the skies and His face is in certain direction.  (e) Allah has a 'hadd' (limitation), no one but He knows it.  His place also has a 'hadd' (limitation) which is on his Arsh above the skies. And there are two distinct limits for Allah. (f) Allah has a size, (g) Allah must be creating continuously, though He can choose what to create, but He cannot choose whether to create or not.  (h) Allah is not mixed with his creation, but is encompassing the world with a huge Galaxial body from a sufrace outside the borders of his creation. (i) Allah has two real physical eyes, two real physical hands, a real human like face and other limbs.  The shape of his physical body is known to Him.
Any person with an average common sense will easily conclude that the above beliefs are clear cut Idol Worship.   Salafi / Deobandi God is a very  big human-like-Idol with two real eyes, two big hands and a face, physically sitting above the skies and his face is towards the Arsh.  They worship this Idol 5 times a day during their Salah. We fail to understand what is the difference between them and other Idol worshipers.
 
Read the following verses of Quran that negate the Salafi / Deobandi self concocted beliefs.

(i) It is in Quran -  اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ [ Allah is the light (existence) of Heavens and Earth.] (An-Noor - 35)
 
(ii) It is in Quran - فَأَيْنَمَا تُوَلُّوا فَثَمَّ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ [Whichever side you turn, you will find Allah. ] (Al-Baqara - 115)
 
(iii) It is in Quran - وَهُوَ مَعَكُمْ أَيْنَ مَا كُنتُمْ [Wherever you are, He is with you.] (Al-Hadid - 4).
 
(iv) It is in Quran - وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيدِ  [And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.] (Qaf - 16)
 
(v) It is in Quran -  وَفِي أَنفُسِكُمْ ۚ أَفَلَا تُبْصِرُونَ [ And Allah  is in your own self, will you not then see. ] (Adh-Dhariyat - 21)
 
(vi) It is in Hadith - Abdullah (رضئ اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) said : 'Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) is not hidden from you'. (Bukhari)
 
(vii) It is in Hadith - Allah's Apostle (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم) was asked  "What is Ihsan?" He (the Prophet )   replied, 'Ihsan is to  pray seeing Allah (سبحانه و تعالى), and if you are unable to see Him (unable to focus our attention towards Him because of our too much attention on worldly things), know it well that He is seeing you.' (Bukhari, Muslim – part of the Hadith).
 
(ii) Some people claim that they believe in Prophet Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) but also  disrespect and humiliate  the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) and his family  by constructing Public Toilets on his house in Makkah (like Salafis did) where he lived 28 years with his family. They also propagate disrespectful teachings about the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).  How this open blasphemies and Kufriyaat can be treated as Islamic faith?
 
(iii) Some people claim that Quran in its present form is not complete.  Some people believe that authentic books of Ahadith, like Bukhari, Muslim, etc., contain concocted and weak Ahadith; meaning they claim that the Imams of Ahadith, (Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad and others) are not trustworthy, (like what Salafi scholars do).  These people have literally damaged the backbone of the continuity of Islamic faith; therefore,  cannot be treated as true Muslims.  
 
(iv) If a person believes that Khulfa-e-Rashideen, Sahabah and Imams of Fiqh and Ahadith made mistakes and were wrong doers (like shias do), then he cannot be treated as true Muslim because he has doubted the continuity and authenticity of Islamic beliefs that have reached us through Sahabah and A'imma.
 
(v) Amman Message claims that Salafis and Ibadi Kharijis are Muslims?  How can you call Kharijis as Muslims? If you insist on calling them Muslims with their open beliefs, then Ahle Sunnah Muftis may regard them as hypocrites. 
 
(vi) Some people try to impose a person like King Abdullah II of Jordan  as Khalifa-e-Islam on Islamic Ummah.  This person is the founding Imam of a deviant Sect Ammanis, how can you regard him as leader of Islamic Ummah?  This is very dangerous and it will impact the whole Ummah for generations.  They should refrain from such outrageous actions.  If they insist, then Ahle Sunnah Ulema may regard them as hypocrites.  
 
(vii) Some people say that you should obey the commandments of a so called Sufi or a Wali or a Scholar who is demanding people to go against the commandments of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) and His Apostle Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ).  These people refrain from such contentions.  A true Wali/Sufi/Scholar can never go against the commandments of Allah (swt) and His Apostle Mohammad ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم ) by misinterpreting Quranic verses and Ahadith.  All Ahle Sunnah should keep away from such Sufis/Scholars and take care of their Iman.  

 

HOW TO ACHIEVE UNITY AMONG MUSLIMS

 

As far as Unity among Muslims is concerned, the only way  to achieve it, is that,  all Muslim sects should come back to the Straight path of Islam. This will not only bond them together in this world, but will help them in their salvation in Hereafter.

The real Unity depends upon the unified Islamic faith as per Quran and Ahadith. Therefore, all Muslims should be counseled to hold on to rope of Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی).

This is the key to Muslim's revival in the world.  Until they come back to the straight path of Islam, their humiliation, torture and disintegration in this world in the hands of greedy rulers of other nations will not stop.  In addition, they will have to face the ignominy in hereafter as they will be summarily thrown into hell fire as hypocrites and non-believers. You have left the path of Islam, therefore Allah (سبحانہ و تعا لی) has also left you to suffer in the hands of your enemies.  You are facing Azab in this world and a bigger Azab is waiting for you in Hereafter.  Alas, our  Sectarian Muslim brothers and sisters realize this key issue.